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THE KANZAS NEWS: PebfeW Ererr Srinrhj Sortie, at Emporia, Rams, I. IB. PLUMB Tbucs Ttn Dollar per annum, in advance. . Kates of Advertising. First insertion, per line, ten cents; each subse quent insertion, five cento; one dollar a line, per annum. Diplaved advertisements one-half over the above rates. " All transient and foreign adver tisements must be accompanied by the cash, to in sure insertion. . . JOB PRINTING. JT s j ' 1 i i 1 1 i i The offiee of Th Kaxzas Nsto is furnished with a .complete assortment of the newest atyla of Type, Borders, Flouriihes, i Cuts,. Cknls, Fanj Tapers, Colored Inks, Bronze, Ac, enabling tha proprietor to print Clrcuuiks, Cards, CtxTiriCATsa or Stock, Deeds, Fosrasi and all other kinds of Job Printing, in manner unsurpassed in tha country. ' Particular attention paid to printing all Undsof Blanks!" Orders for work promptly attended to when accompanied with Cash. "x cklsjosl" is oar motto. . THE PEOPLE ALWAYS CONQUER.' By P. B. Plumb. EMPORIA, KANZAS NOVEMBER 14, 1857. VoklNo.20. WM f77 ''"A:' 4 1 WiPj The Kanzas News. SATURDAY,:.:::::NOYE3IDER 14, 18S7. Henry Ward Beecher on Flowers. The following is a report of an address delivered before the Massachusetts Horticul tural Society, by Henry Ward Beecher : . Mr. Beecher said it had been stipulated that a regular speech should not be expected from him, but that he should be permitted to address the asseml ly in an off-hand man ner ; and if his remarks had no other merit, tbey should have that of appropriateness. He found himself embarrassed, not by he poverty, but by the richness of the subject. So many things presented themselves that he hardly knew which to choose ; but on the. whole he had come to the conclusion that he would speak of the flowers, rather than of the fruit ; not that he desired to as sert the superiority of either to the other, for he liked them both, and thought that either of them was inferior to both of them together. (Laughter.) . He deemed that man a thoroughly world ly man who thinks the time spent on flowers is wasted. There were those who thought if a flower helped a man's tongue or pocket, or the coarser part of his nature, it was good for something. But tell such a man that a flower was good for thought, or to elevate the imagination, and made for man's better nature, and he would not appreciate it. If there was such a man here, or lady, who stood in the way of horticultural pursuits on the part of their families, he would ad vise them to go home and repent -not in dust and ashes yet at least in good garden soil. (Renewed laughter.) We were inclined to judge of things by the effect they had upon us, as if we should think the God who made the mountains greater than He who made the flowers. But he ( Mr. B.) thought there were more evi dences of loving thought and care in flowers than in anything else even than in the birds. Nowhere did he respect the divine hand so much as where it had manifested it self in the creation of flowers, which alone were a complete proof of the natural good ness and wisdom and taste of the divine nature. He liked to ride through the open fields and see what God most approved of; and he thought that the divine being had -approved of the dandelion, for it was scat tered all over the continent, with its starry blossoru3, its ducats, its gulden 6pots. There was everywhere enough of them. Many and many a plant, which usually went by the name of weed, he (Mr. 15.) had put in his list of flowers, because he judged from its frequency in what high estimation it was held by the maker. And the many hundreds of thousands of kinds of flowers strewn over the world, showed him that God had a lingering love for flowers that he never grew tired of creating them ; and from the man that told him he should not love and study the flowers, he would turn away as from an evil counselor. The veiy disposition of. flowers in the natural world was to him an emanation from God, scat tered here and there as they were, in such rich profusion, and in all positions and sit uations, for only man ranged them in rectil inear rows. He could talk till morning of the revelations of God's nature which flow ers made to. him, but time forbade it, and he would pass to another phase of the pleasant subject. He had been thinking since he had come here of relieving the formality of religious worship Uy the introduction of natural ob jects, and he believed he might suggest, when he returned home, how much better it would be if his pulpit should be adorued every Sabbath morning with flowers." Christ drew his lessons from the beauties of nature, and preached in a natural temple. Some of the pleasantest recollectiona of the speaker's childhood were with the brass flowers which adorned a portion of the church where in his boyhood he went to hear his father expound the Bible, and it was always a relief to him, after passing up the square wooden walls of the pew aisles, to see his favorite flower in its place. He had begged the old brass flower, when the old country church was torn town, and he still preserved it as a precious memento. The divine mind had always employed fruits and flowers as the means of instruct ing and of blessing men. Did we ever re flect that the rose was first placed in the garden of Eden that the garden of Joseph of Arimathea held the grave of the Savior that gardens had been the scenes of man v sacred events. Even in the adornments of the temple of David, fruits and flowers bore a conspicious part. "Wben a man was in the highest and purest state of mind, then he was most susceptible to the influence of flowers. No man that had ever passed through the period of youthful love, but did not remember how naturally, when we loved, we also wished for flowers, and saw m them the fittest medium of expressing gentle thought. So, when love was not quenched, but the object of it was, and we ere called to lay the loved ones in the grave, e wished for flowers. Never did he find poverty so bitter as when be was called to attend a funeral among those who were too poor to provide flowers for the dead ; and he always thought it as much his duty in going to such a scene to carry flowers as to carry his Bible. He never was so overwhelmed as on one occasion, when ealled to officiate at the fu neral of a young maiden f sixteen, whose Prents and friends, in the extremity of their grief, did not think of the details of the bu rial preparations. When he saw the fair young creature laying in, the coffin," ho in voluntarily went out of the house, and seek- 'ng a neighboring florist, brought back with "im to the place of mourning orange blos ltns all the white blossoms of whatever pknthe could secure hastily. Before he could cross the room with them, the mother embraced him in a troiport of feeling, so that he could hardly get to the coffin U lay them on the dead. The parents, bad felt . lnere was something wanting, but till . that 2?ment they bad not known what it was. no would dare lay the desecrating finger OD the rose the bride had worn, or reckless ly injure the flower that had been taken as a memento from the bosom of the dead ? It needed not to be said how. much art was beholden to flowers. It had gone to them for form and color, and the fairest ideas the artist had of color were attained from the study of their many hues. The man who studied them thoroughly had a better idea of the theory of artistic develop ment, and a better practical hold upon its details. Flowers had added a great deal to thought and philosophy. He believed he could trace their effect in some of the most abstruse writings, and he did not think he could find a more beautiful instance of this than in the old. Puritan writer, Jonathan Edwards. Metaphysicians and philosophers were in debted to flowers. Flowers should have a part in the furnish ing of every house; particularly where there were children. In respect to the cultivation of flowers, it was a wise and a good dispo sition of a man's wealth . to send to every corner of the world to gather plants. It was making no unwise disposition of the wealth God had given us to use it in culti vating flowers. lie would not say we ought not to give the poor assistance, but at the same time we ought not to neglect flowers, but should teach the poor thatTbere are higher relishes for them than those of com mon appetite ; and the man who owned a garden, and would not let people come into it, was a hunks. (Laughter.) Country people could always have flowers enough, without being indebted to any one. They could always find them on the trees and shrubs ; they could always obtain beau tiful wild flowers, and if they were not quite so rare and fine as the garden flowers, yet Gcd had thrown open the gates of his free kindness so that no man was so poor, except he was so very poor as to live in a city, that he could not get flowers, and as many as he pleased. There was a literature of fruit, but time forbade him to enter upon its discussion. r ruit needed no eulogy from him, for it was not only very beautiful to the eye, but it was pleasant to the taste which God has implant ed in man, and thus, havinga double tongue, could speak fur itself. Labor the Only Creator of Wealth. It would be well if our own capitalists would tike home the leson taught in the paragraph below. To thj same causes that the English journalists ascribe the down fall of the French system, are to be attribu ted the present frightful monetary crisis. Our banking system is nothing less than a vast Credit MobUier, trading upon " Prom ises to pay," and having no real basis for its operations " The French Credit Mobilier is declin ing. We need not reargue- what we have foretold. The stimulus of speculation by raising banking capital on bonds, then in vesting it in unconvertible shares of rail ways and the like, and, having lifted their values to an uunatural height, of re-selling them at a forced profit, must come to an end. The public cannot be so juggled with for ever, and then what remains on hand can scarcely be disposable for its real value. So the bubble of prosperity bursts. All endeavors to create capital merely out of pa per are sheer dreams. Labor is the only creator of wealth. What fairly passes as currency represents nothing more than that which is made and saved by toilr and when such currency ceases to be payable and ac ceptable in the purchase of the saved capi tal it is only waste paper. The Credit Mo bilier borrowed on bonds for the purpose of speculation. What is this but overgrown stock-jobbing 1 While it has luck, all is well, but when the tide changes mere pa per will not answer the losses." London Dispatch. Southern Books. One of the great works proposed by the "Southern Commercial Convention," Was the preparation of text books for Southern literary institutions, as the acknowledged sentiments of the civilized world, taught by Wayland and others, were deemed obsolete by that progressive body. A committee was appointed to do this important work, and were to meet in Columbia, S. C. It inclu ded some of the most noted literary names of the South. It has been a total failure, and our confrere of the New Orleans Advo cate satirizes it, and says : "The Conven tion for getting up Southern school books, is a failure. On the 18th of May, not one of their Committee met in Columbia, S. C. A gentleman f this city, who sent on the manuscript of a text book for their exami nation, had it returned lo him by the Post master of Columbia, with the words that not a man or dog was there, " This fierce determination to ignore the sentiments of all Christendom, is a wretched farce of Southern demagogues. We doubt not that the commaa sense of the South generally blushes for it. The 'reformers' are at tempting a miracle a fight against the in evitable laws of the moral world ; their folly cannot fail to react sooner or later.- Chris tian Advocate and Journal. Proposal. A writer in the Charleston Mercury proposes the establishment of a Southern Mercantile - Association, with a local agency in New York, and auxiliary agencies in other Northern cities, if needs be. for the purpose of learning who are worthy and who are not of Southern patron age, and. the South will very soon be saved the necessity of contributing to the wealth of those who steal away her slaves. It. re presents that the advantages of such a sys tem would be immense. It is to be modeled upon what the Mercury styles the "system of espionage," known as. Mercantile Agen cies at the North. Must the South copy the North even in 6uch a matter as this 1 X. r. Time. ; . . Miss Mary C. Valentine, the daughter of J. T. Valentine, the celebrated printer, and stereotyper, of New York, a very beautiful and accomplished lady, 18 years of age, was burned to death on Saturday, Sept. 19th, by the explosion of a fluid lamp. ; ' From the JTew York Tribune. " " Insolvency. T- - The strong peculiarities of character and conduct which distinguish the American people have no parallel among . any other civilized community. One of these leading propensities is ' Insolvency. It may fall strangely on the ears of those who have never looked into the question, to be told that, of all the marriages which take - place in Massachusetts, four-sevenths are Irish. Yet the fact is not less true than strange. The Irish there would seem to be the only: class of which the childish extravagance of the age has not taken so complete possession as to render them unable to : indulge ja the luxury of marriage. .The statistics of com mercial life develop kindred facts of. an equally astounding ' character. If Massa-i chusetts presents a remarkable condition 'of history is equally curious in relation to'the success of her mercantile community. Be fore this array, the " solid men of Boston" - uv,. become but a collection of phantoms. Not more than three in a hundred of the mer chants and traders of that city become in dependent. Gen. Dearborn, who for twenty years was Collector of that port, and who had ample opportunities for observing the vicissitudes of trade, declared, in a public address before the Legislature, that among every hundred of the mert-hants and traders of that city, not more than three ever ac quired an independence. This conclusion was not arrived at without great distrust ; but an experienced merchant, who was con sulted, fully admitted its truth. A Boston antiquarian in the year 1800 took a memo randum of every, person on Long W harf, and in 1840 only five in one hundred re mained. All but these had either failed or died insolvent. The Union Bank com menced business in 1798, there being then only one other bank. The Union was over run with business, the clerks being obliged to work till midnight, and even on Sundays. A recent examination of one thousand ac counts opened with the Bank at Stirling, showed that only six remained. All the others had either failed or died insolvent. Houses whose paper had passed without question, the very parties who had consti tuted the "solid men,". all had gone down in that time. Another person had occasion to look through the Prolate Office, where the estate of every man who dies is regis tered. He was astonished to find that more than ninety per cent, of all the estates there settled were insolvent. Of the Directors of the Bank of Massachusetts, over a third were found upon examination to have filled. In the Direction of the Union Bank, the proportion was even larger. It would thus appear that even a class so generally pre sumed to have at command facilities not ac cessible to mere depositors, are not exempt from visitations of a calamity which in this country seems to be hopslessly chronic. The proportion of capital affords no appar ent guarantee against ruin. Abstaining from business by those who are able to live without it, maybe considered the only safe ty. But, if wisdom come by experience, and if those who fail acquire any of the for mer in consequence, those may be counted comparatively happy who fail while young, that they may have time, in after life, to re pair the damages of their early ventures on ihe ocean of trade. It must not be inferred from this disas trous exhibition that commercial misfor tune has been peculiar to the people of Bos ton. The same examination .elsewhere would be found to expose the same results as inseparable from the uniform imprudence with which business is conducted in this country. The Bankrupt Law of 1841 dis charged some thirty-three thousand men, who returned in their petitions the names of more than a million of creditors. Their debts were admitted to be 8440,934,615, but they probably amounted to a round half billion. To pay this enormous indebt edness they returned only 48,687,307 of assets, liow much more was concealed, it is impossible to conjecture with any accura cy. In Pennsylvania and all south of that State, the records show that not one cent on the dollar was ever realized from the as sets surrendered. - In Illinois they yielded 6 cents to the 100, iu Michigan and Iowa of a cent each to the $100, while Massachusetts produced but 4 cents, and Connecticut 6-10 of a cent to the $100. Kentucky yielded the highest, being CG cents. No commentary on the mode- of doing business practiced in this country can be more impressive than the array of such tacts as these. ' What are the causes and what the reme dy for an organic disease like that of a ten dency in all American business toward in solvency, might profitably, occupy the minds of the profoundefct thinkers. Some great mind may yet collect the scattered elements of the true theory and weave them into a coherent tissue. Extravagance, want of caution, and general bad management. have been held up as primary causes of failure; but it will be found that the balance of interest in most cases absorbs the whole product of hr.bor, and gradually but surely produces bankruptcy. The evils of over trading might be corrected when discovered, if no sudden crisis were produced and all supplies of money at leal rates of interest as suddenly intermitted. But the fact is too well known to be controverted, that, in a large majoritiy of bankruptcies, the heavy deficit which exists, in spite of figures care fully arranged to produce a soothing im pression on the sympathy of the creditor, : ... j .. . r nas ongiuaieu in me payment oi interest. This interest, moreover, has invariably been usurious. The street-rates have eaten the debtor up. What, but. such a necessity, has largely contributed to prostrate the no blest railroad enterprises which the world ever beheld ? What else but this has eaten up the substance of the scores of business houses which have everywhere suspended within a month ? What else but this is eatme up, with a certainty as inevitable as death, hundreds of others still floundering ou with courageous hopelessness ? The Great West is especially staggering under the weight of this exhaustingburden ; and the period is not far distant when tht par adise of usurers will be hopelessly bankrupt, so far as they are concerned." Indeed, this unwholesome traffic in money is now preltv nearly, endedfor the time at least. - The mon eylenders, who have flourished at every cor ner and fattened on. ever curbstone, have gone with the rest . of the . world, . Would that their trade might , never know a resur rection ? '- J - : J.-.. Tha Conquests of Commerce. The. London J)Upatch, in an able editorial discussing the India' policy of that Govern ment, and deprecating severely the. .annexa tion policy pursued : in India, speaks thus eloquently of . the supe r iority of. the peace ful conquests of science and commerce: 'What is a Hastings or a dive to a Barth or n T."vinortrn ? What. ir tha vmrmAst. of war tothe .solid and virtuous victories of neaee ' vv f are mvaainrr Atnra: even now r o with that glorious" standard of the cross, "on earth peace and good will among men. The scientific and observing - traveler it is who is the true and lasting victor. He marches on his' way alone "upon ignorance and barbarism, with the .message of civili zation, and as the ambassador of intelligent humanity. He teaches the barbaric chief how unprofitable slave-tradiug is, and how valuable free subjects may become if put to the precious uses of industry, and taught to benefit themselves by the enrichment of oth ers. He preaches the Unaggressive but ex pansive uses of commerce, that blesses him that gives and him that takes --he asks what end the bullet and the bayonet ever serves tha twhich : , . Is something nothing was mine, is his ; ltohs me" of that which not enriches him. And makes me poor indeed. ' He astounds us by his revelations at our own ignorance of the unappropriated teem ing wealth ready waiting for our merchants at the fact that the -productive riches of the world, the readiest and most unfailing ministers of human wants, are but now be ing superficially explored. . Sugar, bound less in quautity, to be had for tlie gathering wheat, with ears "as long as my hand," calling for the sickle cotton, in exliaustless abundance, capable of production in an un- failmr climate flax and hemp, nay, hares better even than these, rotting in idle waste ivory, honey, wax, timber, flocks and herds, vegetable oils, dyes, especially indi go, minerals of valuable quality and easy access above all a strong, stalwart, numer ous people, capable of hard labor and appli cation, and in the high lands a healthy and not enervating climate. These are the priceless advantages offered to our com merce, in a country within half the distance of India, by fine lakes and rivers accessible by steamships from the coast, not by con quest, by violence and cajolery, not cursed bv the moral responsibilities and the mate rial expenses of government by a dominant race of strangers, but by the peacetul mis sionaries of science, and the unarmed am bassadors of civilization, advancing alone as the vaunt couriers of intelligence, aud the harbingers of Western enterprise and trade, with all that these bring with them the comforts, the luxuries, the thought, the morals, the social economy and public prin ciples of modern civilization.". The Yankees in the Crimea. We met recently, Wm. Leland of New York, who has returned from the Crimea, where Avith his associates, he has been en gaged in raising the Russian ships sunk at Sevastopol. He reports the operation a good one financially. - Many articles are raised in a perfect state. Chains, anchors, guns, rigging, and mauy valuable things are entirely uninjured, but the hulls of the vessels are badly worm eaten. There are two companies on the ground one from New York, and the other from Boston." They have united their operations have between them four vessels, and have ninety-seven Americans engaged in the op erations. When . he left, there were but two of these on the sick list. Quite a large number of Russians are also employ ed at about 30 cents a day. The compan ies have half of what they raise, the other half going to the Russian Government, which also stands ready to purchase any thing of value that falls to the lot of the companies. It is a regular Yankee opera tion, and a very good exemplification of the enterprise of the American. Springfield Republican. Struggles of. the Great. There is a milder and a serener form of poetry, the nurse of manly energy and hea-ven-elimbing thoughts, attended by Love and Faith and Hope, around whose steps the mountain breezes blow, and from whose countenances all the virtues gather strength. Look around you upon the distinguished men that in every department of life guide and control the times, and what was their original and early fortune ? Were they, as a general thing, rocked and dandled in the cradle of wealth ? No. Such men emerge from the homes of decent competence or struggling poverty. Necessity sharpens the faculties, and privations and sacrifice brace their moral nature. They learn the great art of abstinence, and enjoy the happiness of hav injj few wants. Thev know nothing of indif ferenoe or satiety. There is not an idle fibre in their frame. They put the vigor of a resolute purpose in every act. lbe edge of their mind is always kept sharp. In the shocks of life, men like these meet the softly-nurtured darlings of prosperity as ; the vessel of iron meets the vessel of porcelain. Mnxioxs of Mokbt. Not less than three millions . of dollars have been withdrawn from, the banks and bankers of St. Louis in the last thirty days. It has not left the city, says the St. Louis Intelligencer, but it is stowed away in secret places, and will re turn to active employment and to the bank vaults with returning confidence. , i ' Domestic Pkodctts. An Indiana paper, speaking of the low dresses and broad shoul ders of the Kentucky women, as seen at the recent fair in Louisville, says that Cincin nati is celebrated for its cured bams, but Louisville can beat the World for raw shoul ders. Comia'dnicated to the Detroit Advertiser. Are theDemocratieaxtyPro-SlaveiT? In the decision of the pred" Scott "case, the Supreme Judge sa?d, 'That the deseen dant of the. African has no rights that a white mita is bound to respect, and that he may justly be enslaved." - (If not rightly quot ed please correct.) And all leading Nor thern Democrats approve the decision; ' Rev. DrRoss, at the meeting of the se ceders from the New School. Presbyterian Church, held at Richmond, .Virginia, Sept. 2, 1857, is reported in the. Independent, to have described iu his speech at that meet ing, "The three Theoies of SLivxRr." "The sin theory; the toleration theory; and the ordained theory . The sin theory is the theory of the .abolitionists.' . (The, term alolitiouUt,'. is applied to all who believe slavery and its extension in the United States to be wrong,- without any particular refer ence to the Garrisonian abolitionists.) "And here I say the abolitionists ara more hon est than the conservative men of the north. They come out boldly and say that the whole system of slavery is sin." They are honest. They hold that the doctrine cf an eternal right and wrong, for bids one man to own another as property. Bnt iny answer to that is, that eternal riylit and vrong is not a doctrine of the Bible." (Pro-sUvcry Minis ter and democrats at the north, think of that. See -what yon must come to if you continue relig ious ana in poiuicai loijowsmp riiu eiave-noia-ers.) " But the abolitionists, holding the doctrice that slavery violates the eternal rights of men are hon est in their mode of avowing it ;' for if that don trine i true, I could but be an alnilitionist inysvlf. " The next theory is that tlx relation of iuast-r and slave Js not a wrong or sinful relation, but that somehow or other, the system of slavery built upon that relation is a system of national evil, never approved of Cod, but only telerated. That is the conservative theory. That is the theorv which for a long time prevailed at the South, and whieh is now the theory of the Philadelphia conservative men in the New School Chureh, and of many at the north. It is the toleration theory. " Now, what is the true theory I Here it is. This is the third theory, th?t irry u ordained nf Iron a a good to the master, to the lare, and tt the community. That is what the Bible asserts." Where ! Why not name the chapter and vers-; that 1 affirm to be Bible coetnne. W hat fellows from the adoption of this thocry ? Why, it fol lows that the master is not a man-stealer ; that he is not an outcast ; that he is not a tiger. It follows that he is not a nuin to apologize for, or be looked upon with pitv and contempt. It follows that the master is invented with a patriarchal dignity and jower, and is the representative of God in a great work of benerolf nee. That is the only tru- theory. Every other theory will foster in the North a con science antagonistic to t!ie soutii. " Xow the south will no longer War the sin the ory. A few short days more, and the toleration theory will be thrown overboard. Afu-r the en tire south has adopted this theory, the north will likewise begin to study it. It is" the only theory that will conduce to jeaee." The above speech was made in opposition to a union with the Old School Presbyterian Church, and iu favor of forming a New School, slave holding Presbyterian Church; and such parts as did not directly apply to the subject ot slavery has been omitted. Now, will the north adopt this theory? lhe course on the subject of slavery, be ing pursued by the Old School Presbyteri an Church, and some of the New Presby terian Church, and by the (so called) dem ocratic party of the north, is what iuduces southern ministers and politicians to believe that slavery will finally be triumphant and perpetual in the United States at large. The limitation of slavery where it now is, or its indefinite extension, is the great and only issue at all of our elections. And yet, there are men whom we esteem as honest, who will not believe that the leaders of the democratic party are pro-shivery; and while opposed themselves to slavery extension, are so blindly attached to party, that they will vote for men pledged for the extension of slavery, as w;is Buchanan; as all of his proceedings in regard to Kanzas demonstrate. Editors of democratic papers are doing all in their power to aid the south in the ex tension of slavery, by sustaining the for mer and present administration, in their ef forts to subjugate Kanzas to the control of slave holders, by misrepresenting and con cealing the facts in the case; and a few blind followers of the party still believe their pa pers. Why should democratic editors and politicians at the north do all in their power against northern iuterests, and in favor of southern? Can democrats at the north de ny, with the least show of honesty or truth, that they are not pro-slavery, when they act at elections, in Congress, and in all cases, and under all circumstances, - in the most united harmony with slave holders ou all questions where the interests of slavery are directly or indirectly concerned. Pro-slavery democrats had the audacity last fall to print, and proclaim in their stump speeches, that Buchanan was opposed to slavery ex tension; and displayed , their banners "Bu chanan and free, Kanzas;" and some were stupid enough to believe the lie; when any candid man, with one eye half open," might know that slaveholders have not, and will not, unite in the nomination or support of any man . for President or Vice President, unless they know him to be a reliable jro-6la-yery man; perfectly available for anj use or emergency that slavery may demand. Vhat strange, shameless, ridiculous inconsisten cies are'northem doughfaces, or rather mad faces, guilty of in their efforts to extend slavery! Look at Gen. Cass' popular sov ereignty addition to Democracy; designed from the beginning to carry slavery to Kan zas and other territories. How often iri his stump harrangues last fall, did he exclaim, "my friends, don't you love to govern your selves?" and then mount his poor, ring boned, spavined, poll-evil hobby,, squatter sovereignty, and ride it till dead and pros trate, and in bis iotage, still set astride, try ing to maul it into life. And now : behold Buchanan, Cass and Co., keeping an army of U. S. soldiers in Kanzas to compel the ac tual settlers to submit to the most unjust and unconstitutional laws, enacted by a set of drunken, pro-slavery Missouri mfSan3; and to prevent the great mass of actual set tlers from voting at the - October elections; and that is -Gen. Cass' way ; of letting foXka govern themselves." And this is the con dition to which the boasted American Re public has arrived. And yet the great mass of ti e people are so eager after "thealmigh- moved, with wrongs; upon them ten-fold greater than our fathers suffered before the Revolution; a few Dr.jCheevers are awake, others partially 6o, and the misnamed demo crats charmed by the anaconda slavery, and its folds, tight around ,them. Christians, patriots, will' you not pause, and reflect up on your present condition, and future pros pects ? . And, if it is not already too late, arouse, yourselves to preserve what remains of your bloodTbought privileges and rights, of "governing yourselves,' instead of be ing governed ' by an oligarchy of reckless slaveholders and their northern allies. - - EQUAL RIGHTS. Squatters to be Expelled. . Application has beenmade to the Inte rior Department for the means of preserv ing the integrity of the Delaware Indian reserve in Kanzas, now threatened to be il legally oven un by the squatters. That ap- glication has already been "responded to by ecrefary Thompson,' in a letter showing ummstakably that that gentleman, the Pres ident, and the Secretary dt War fully com prehend the whole extent and obligation of their duties in the case, and are prepared to execute them to the letter of the law, in a manner that resenibfes the policy of Au drew Jackson in such emergencies more than aught else we have seen in the admin istration of public afiairs of late years. .me touowing is me letter in question: "DzPARTMEXr OK THE IkTEKIOR,. October 14, 1857. f "Sir: Your report of the 10th inst., cov ering letters from Superintendent Haverty and Agent Robinson, in relation to intru sions upon the Delaware reserve, in Kanzas lerntory, and suggesting the propriety of obtaining the co-operation of the United States troops, now in the territory, to effect the removal of the intruders, has been re ceived and considered. "There can be no doubt that the Govern ment of the United States is bound, not only by its relation to the Indians as their qiiar- dian, but bv solemn treaty riirhts. The in tegrity of their territory must, therefore, at all hazards be preserved. You will, accord ingly issue instructions to the Superinten "dent r.t St. Louis, and to the Agents, to pro ceed forthwith to the removal of all intru ders upon Indian reserves in Kanzas, in the mode prescribed in the circular letter of in structions, issued from the Indian Office, Oct. Cth, 1855. "The War Department has been request ed to issue the necessary instructions to the commanding officers of the troops in Kan zas, and it is expected that they will be pre pared to co-operate with the agents of the Indian Office by the time their services will become necessary. "Very respectfully, your ob't sert't, "J TfloMPsox, Secretary. "Chas. E. Mix, Esq., Acting Commission er of Indian Affairs." . Proposed Amendment; It is proposed in Illinois to amend the law of marriage so as to require that the prospoctive husband and wife, on any given day, enter in the office of any officer legally empowered to do such a duty, a written declaration of intention' to become man and wife. From that day, for one year, let them associate as lovers, or break the engagement if they choose; then,, at the end of the year, if they again express their determination to become husband and wife, let the contract be sealed. This is all nonsense. Its only effect, if adopted, would be to remove the ceremony and the fee out of the State. Besides which, the attempt to compel a year's probation would in ninecases out of ten precipitate the consummation of the union, even with par ties who, otherwise, might take their time and wait longer than even the law would de mand; such is the perversity of lover-nature, when obstructed by barriers and ob jections. This legislating upon courtship cannot be made practicable the law might as well attempt to limit the number of children it will allow to each married couple. A Mountain of Salt Remarkable Discovery. It seems that the resources of our noble State will never cease developing. Something great or wonderful is constantly turning up. The last discovery is a speci men of 6alt rock handed us yesterday by Mr. Nettleton, clerk of the steamer Garvin. It was taken from a hill, or mountain of the same material, just discovered a short dis tanpe from the Mississippi River, on the Mis souri side and about 6eventy-two miles from St. Louis. It is situated on Saline Creek in Perry County, and almost on a line di viding that county from St Geneivieve county. Saline Creek empties into the Mis sissippi River, about three and a half miles below St, Mary's landing. The specimen resembles apiece of quartz rock, and is a little mixed with a substance resembling iron ore. It has a pure, sweet taste, and wben ground to powder is as white as any of the table salt now in gen eral use. If we are not misinformed, this hill of salt will prove an immense specula tion to its owners, and will cheapen the price of the article very materially in this city.- Jb. Dem. , Suspexsios or the Uxitzd States Dis trict Court. Judge Cato has discharged the Grand Jury, and adjourned the United States. Court for the Second Judicial District of Kanzas Territory for the want of funds to pay the current expenses of the court. The United States Marshal ha3 in his pos session some thirteen thousand dollars for this and other purposes, which he very properly refuses to pay out, except upon the order of the Department at Washingtonv- Young America. Cincinnati, besides being the Porkopolr of the world, manufactures more" wine than any other American city, besides annually a tolerably sized ocean of lager, and 'sends out 24,000,000 gallons of "red-eye! the product of 8,000,000 bushels of grain, , Grapes in Ilusois Grape culture, is be coming quite a business m Mon roe t r". u ij, 111. It is estimated vthat the citizens of that county will market one hundred and fifty thousand gallons of wine, whicha present rates will amount to 9200,000.