Newspaper Page Text
ews. P. B. PLU3B, : t : Proprietor and Editor. U.-J.' IIINTON: : Corresponding Editor. r.r EMPORIA, : ILNZAS: , - . . i 1 ' , . SATURDAT::::::DECJELMBEIt 26, 1857. To Correspondents and "Exchanges. Our mail icil'tie are such, at present: that it takes lis Beyers! -weeks to reeeiYe eren onr Territo rial exchangeaTand correspondence, and we should deem it a favor if Correspondenta and Publishers would change the direction of letters and exchan ges to Lawrence, Eanxas, from which place to Em poria there is established . a regular independent express line, by which means we receive our mall regularly. ' ' Douglas1 Shriek, Against the Swindle. The funniest summerset yet made by this political acrobat, is. the stand taken by him in the Senate, against the "Mrs. Cun ningham Swindle' The speech he made in opposition to the President's Kanzas policy, in the Senate on the 9th inst., wa3 the strongest argument ever advanced in fa- j vor of the people of Kanzas, and the clear est proof yet given as to the truth of the . frauds and villainies practiced here. He dissected the Lecompton Swindle ably, showing all the weak points, and clearly proving that we would be right in the adoption of any measures of resistance. ' He gave notice that he should introduce - an enabling act. The debate between Bigler, of Penn. and Dongla3, ' was a spectacle worth looking on. ' Bigler -fairly '.writhed under the cool sarcasm and impudence of his opponent. Douglas is'making a strong fight, but we do not believe any more ia his honesty than we have hitherto done. t , - -r ; ' " Another Governor Decapitated. Secretary Stanton has been removed by the' President for calling the Territorial Legislature together. Gen. Denver,; Supt. of Indian Affairs, has been confirmed in the Senate by a vote of 28 to 19. Den ver is a tool of the Ruffians. He is orig inally from Virginia, from there to Ohio, thence to Platte county, Missouri, where he' edited the Platte Argus, a sheet renown ed for its pro-slayeryism. He -went, to Mexico and thence to California, where he was elected to Congress, and got a good fat office for his subserviency. He is Border Ruffian all over, and the Free State men can expect nothing from him but what they take. He is only appointed for the emer gency, which consists in forcing the Cun ningham Constitution on the people. As he is a bully of the Harney school, a du elist of (he first water, , an ultra in subserv iency to the south, an unscrupulous politi cian in all respects, our people can judge of what hi3 . appointment means. He has issued an address. We have no comments to make as we publish the document and it speaks for itself. "We have 6een the President's message ; and while according to it a higher degree of ability and statesmanship in most matters, apart from Kanzas, than to the same docu ments of his predecessors, we must say it out-Herods Herod in truckling to the South era infamy in Kanzas matters. That mes sage is nothing les3 than a declaration of war against the people of our State in this matter of the Swindling Constitution. "We shall publish' a considerable part of that message in our next- . In the policy with regard to the public lands we heartily con cur, -only, wishing Buchanan had gone a little further and stated the fundamental truth, that labor alone bestows value on land, andthat to labor belongs enough of the public lands, free of all cost, as will enable it to maintain itself. . : Walker has resigned. He sent in his let ter on the 15th instant. He gives as his reason that if he returned to Kanzas, differ ing materially from the President, he would be compelled to remove him, and be (Walk er) did not wish to force the President to that disagreeable alternative. How consid erate ! . What compassion must our little Isothermal Excellency have for his old asso ciate ! We shall publish the letter in our next issue. ' :' ' S S.Cox, of Ohio, the most able Democratic member of that delegation in Congress, has made a speech against the Swindling Con stitution, and it is reported that the Indiana delegation is a unit in opposition. The breach is widening against the Kanzas poli cy of the Administration, and will continue to do so if the Free State party are not fool ish enough to aid their enemies by a stulti fying policy. N. P. Banks, of Mass., gave notice, on tke 15th instant, that he intended to bring in & bill for an Enabling Act, for the people of Kanzas to frame a State Constitution. We hare a State Constitution and; Govern ment already, to which we intend adhering. The telegraphic despatches announcing the recognition of the Nicaraguan Minister, Mr. Yrissarri, by our Government are con firmed by the Washington correspondents, who say that copies of a treaty between the United . States and Nicaragua were shnied for distribution among the Central Ameri can Republics. According to the tenor of advices from Washington, this treaty binds our Government to protect Nicaragua from American filibusters." t Our Senior is in . Gen. Lane's camp,:, at Sugar Mound; acting as Aid-de-Cainp. We thai! receive full and ' reliable particulars of all events transpiring in that region. Two men--EIi Moore and a watchman- were shot at Leavenworth on Monday last, the day of. election. ... . , : . ; ' Battle" on the Little . Osage .Hirer I U. s; MARSH AX SHOT! . The Free State Men Rallvins t ! ! - GAlXANT CONDUCT OF GEN. ABBOTT ! Five Free State Men Prisoners, or Hung! Determination to Resist TJ. S. Troops ! TROOPS MARCHING ON GEN. LANE! RESISTANCE DETERMINED UPON! ASMS TAKEX AT LZCOMPTOS RALLY ! RALLY ! ! RALLY ! ! ! - TO.ARMS! TO ARMSU OUR LIBERTIES MUST BE PRESERVED ! ! " - Lawrekce, Dec. 23, 1857. ' .Our citizens are aware that trouble has commenced at Fort Scott, in Bourbon coua tv. By the latest accounts we learn the following particulars, which call for the prompt action of all true lovers of freedom. For some time past the Ruffians of Bourbon county have annoyed the Free State settlers under pretended legal authority. Their horses, cattle, corn and hogs have been ta ken under one pretence and another, and at last a large number of writs have been ob tained, under the Rebellion act, which the Territorial Legislature has repealed. The settlers formed a Vigilance Committee for their own protection, and proceeded to try several persons for stealing. No excessive punishment was inflicted, but the men who were known to have stolen hogs, etc., were sentenced to return them or similar proper ty. Ten days since, the Free State men were gathering under the command of Ma jor Abbott, of the Wakarusa. The Rev. Mr. Stewart and two others, while out on the scout, were taken prisoners and carried into Fort Scott. Next day Capt. Bain, of the Little Osage, was sent out to see what had become of Stewart and his companions. They approached Barnesville, about eight miles from the Fort. Here Bain was ac costed by a pro-slavery man, who, on find-in"- his errand, told him that if he and his men would come into town they would tell them all about it. At this moment Bain saw the heads of a large company of horse men deploying at the end of the street. He immediately ordered a retreat to the camp, four and a half miles distant. They were pursued, and the Ruffians succeeded in cap turing five of the company. There are now eight of the Free State men in the hands of these hell-hounds. ; It was a mistake on the part of Capt. Bain, who is a brave and gal lant man, in not retreating in a more orderly and soldierly manner. On Wednesday, about noon, seventy of the Ruffians, headed bv U. S. Denuty Marshal Little, a son of Dr. Blake Little, came up. Abbott's camp was situated on the head waters of the Little Osage, in a log cabin, half a mile from -the creek. The Marshal's Ruffians approached within 400 yards, and a flag of truce was sent out. At the conference between Ab bott and Little, the former offered, if proper compensation was made to the Free State men for damages, to withdraw his men. Little demanded their unconditional surren der, which was- peremptorily refused, and the truce declared at an end by Abbott whenever the Ruffians advanced. Both parties retired. Abbott had forty-five men, but eight of whom had Sharpe's rifles. He posted his men in the cabin and behind trees. Little detached twelve men to the right and twelve to the left, and advanced with the main body. The boys fired. Mar shal Little was severely wounded, one man killed, and two others mortally wounded. No one was injured in the Free State com pany. The Ruffiians retreated behind an adjacent house, and the firing was continued for an hour, when the Ruffians retreated, cursing; one another for beina cowards. After pursuing them a short distance, the Free State men being short of provisions and ammunition, retreated to a camp on Sugar Mound. They sent a messenger to Lawrence, who arrived at 10 o'clock on Thursday night. At 3 the next morning Col. Wm. A. Phillips left with a small par ty, bearing orders from Gen. Lane. . He ; rode through to Sugar Mound, si-sett miles raoH Lawsekce, is eleven hocus, having j rode down three horses in that time. Hej took the command. The force on Sunday j had augmented to 183 men. Companies from Osawatomie, Potawatomie, Hyatt, Prairie City, Ottawa, Sugar Creek and Lit tle Osage, under their captains, were in camp. . Lane's orders were to rescue the prisoners if possible keep together avoid the U. S. troops (two hundred of whom had been sent by Gov. Stanton on receiving des patches) if possible, but to fight them rather than disband or disarm. Col. Phillips found the men eager to fight the troops, and it required all his authority to restrain them. They marhed to within eight miles of Fort Scott, which wa3 defended by 253 Ruffians, but found that they would have to fight the U. S. troops if they attempted a rescue. They were not prepared to do so, and a. re treat was ordered;: and that night, they marched through a blinding snow-storm over thirty miles. Gen. Lane arrived "in camp on Monday noon and took command as Major General of the Militia, , and pro ceeded to enroll, them under the late . act. Col. Phillips arrived in Lawrence this day, and the above is the substance of his report. He states that the men are all in excellent spirits and eager for the fray, but poorly provisioned and armed. Gen. Lane made a speech to them, and had issued a proclama tion to the citizens, , in which her promised protection to them, but stated that any Mis- spurian caught in arms should be hung. , 'Lawkesce, 10 P. M. Gen. Whitman and Col- Stratton hare jusl arrived, and bring exciting news. It is reported that the Ruffians have hung Preacher Stewart and some others of their prisoners. A messen ger had been despatched to 'Fort "Scott to ascertain the truth of . this, but. as he had not returned at the time he specified," -it .is supposed that he was also a prisoner- When Gen. Whitman and Col.' Stratton left Lane's camp the U.S. Dragoons we re but twelve miles distant;- advancing on " Sugar Mound, with the avowed intention of attacking Gen. Lane. A council of war had been held, in which it was unanimously resolved to fight the troops. . This determination : was re echoed by the men. : Lane is in a good posi tion on the Little Sugar Creek.- He occu pies three block bouses, in such a position that no force can . approach without being exposed to a galling cross-fire. - The dra goons are armed only with sabres and re volvers, which will not be very effective weapons in the thick timber. Gen. Lane sent word to the Convention and people of Lawrence that he intended to whip the U. S. troops if he had to fight them. Remem ber, these men are but defending their homes and resisting the execution of law? repealed by the Territorial Legislature.- Freemen of the 14th Representative District will you stand idly by and see your breth ren dragooned by Federal sabres? ' To arms I ioarmsi .Let us prepare lor the battle. Hoist the "lone star" banner, and stand or fall by it. Ere this reaches you, your brothers may be butchered by Federal bullets, as your friends have been murdered by its allies, the Border Ruffians. Let every man be prepared to march. When duty cans, let no man falter. On Tuesday the Free State men of Law rence went to Lecompton, armed, under the command of Col. Eldridge, to demand of Gov. Denver the arms detained there, which were taken from the emigrant train, by Col. Cooke, in October, 1856. Some 400 stand were then taken, 66 sabres and some re volvers. About 50 carbines had been re turned by Geary the rest the citizens of Lawrence went to take, provided Denver refused to give them up. He at first re fuse to do so. He then wanted them to wait until he could get orders to Washing ton. - Then he offered to hand them over m ten days, but finally yielded to a proposition that Col. Eldridge should give bonds in $500 for their safe custody for a fortnight. This was done, and 176 muskets and car bines, in good condition, and about 20 sa bres were brought into Lawrence at a late hour. We have bearded the lion in his den, and we feel assured that our new Governor will not relish much this taste of the quali ity of the people of Lawrence. The Delegate Convention is ia full ses sion, and will not adjourn till to-morrow. There has been animated debate all day on the question of voting for State officers under the Mrs. Cunningham Constitution. Three reports have been brought in two of which advocates voting, the other, a majority, is strongly Topeka organization, and opposes voting-. The Crusader of Freedom. The first number of this paper, publish ed at Doniphan, and edited by our friend and valued . co-worker in tie cause of Lib erty, James Redpath, has reached us. It is a spicy affair pungent, sharp, witty and sarcasttic as its editor's tongue. It is broadly and radically Anti Slavery as well as Free State, and if it continues to display the ability shown in this number, it will be the leading journal of the Radical Republi can element in Kanzas " We wish him all possible success, and are right glad to see so doughty a champion in Northern Kan zas, Here's our 3T on it, friend Redpath. We suhjoin the following brief and pan- gent "First words," from its editorial columns: "I enroll myself a Crusader for Free dom until Slavery ceases to exist. "I have one pledge to make. - In the lat tle against Slavery in Kanzas, I shall en deavor to do my duty as a Crusader of Freedom. J. R." The motto of the Crusader is, "Right or Fight" a good one full of meaning, and pithily expressedi -The terms are 2 per annum invariably in advance. Address James Redpath, Doniphan, Kanzas. The True Ring. The Independent Democrat, of Concord, N. H., in an article on Kanzas affairs, makes use of the following forcible language with regard to the duty of the people of Kanzas at this crisis : . "They must stand on their rights. They must refuse to have any part or lot in the poisoned chalice their enemies are commend ing to their lips. They must stand on their privileges as American citizens, and claim the protection of the American Constitution. They must protest to Congress against the consumation of .this unholy conspiracy. I bey must appeal to the whole country, and especially to the people of the x ree States, to protect them against this damning scheme of despotism. And failing of relief from all these sources, they must appeal to the God oi meir tamers ana to useir . own strong arms. If neither Congress, nor the Consti tution, nor the nation can secure to them their rights, they must be their own -deliv erers and their own avengers." , Nebraska a Slavs State. The Mem phis Appeal or the J3tn mst., on notiein the arrival of Gov. Izard in that city, says: : "He gives it as his opinion that . Nebras ka will not soon be in a condition to desire or apply for admission into the Union. If it were regarded as a profitable investment; he thinks the . institution of slavery could be established there." 'Cincinnati Gazette. . So far as we can learn very little attention was paid to the election on the 21st.-- . Address to the People of Kanzas. - Having' been appointed'by the President of the United States to the office oft Secre tary and, during the Governor's absence, Acting Governor of this"Territory, it is proper that I should make you a brief ad- dress, sufficien t to indicate what my future course of action will be. - The troubles and difficulties -with which the people of the Ter ritory have been involved, makes this the more necessary, for it would " be unreasona ble' to' expect ahjr one occupying this posi tion to escape misrepresentation ami auuse The passions of many- have been so thor oughly aroused, and long standing difficul ties have so embittered the feelings of one portion of the community against another, that it has been represented as almost impos sible to find , any one willing to listen to the voice of reason. This I am not prepared to believe. That there are some violent men who have assumed to speak by authority for the people at large, and counsel such meas ures as must necessarily, if-followed, .lead to bloodshed, anarchy and confusion, I have no doubt; but it will require more than bare assertion to satisfy, me that there is not yet enough of the conservative element remain ing to uphold and enforce the laws, by which alone the lives and properly of oui citizens can be protected, and the honor of the coun try preserved. . " " It is the earnest desire of the President that a fair opportunity should be afforded all the people of the Territory at the . ap proaching election to give a full and free ex pression of their opinions, and as an evi dence of this I give the following quotations from his instructions to me, through the Secretary of State, dated December 11th, 1857: . "The Convention which met at Lecompton on the 1st oSptember, had framed a Constitution, and had authorized its President to submit the question to the people on the 21st of December, whether this Constitution should be adopted with or without slavery. The importance of this issue could not well be over-estimated. It involved the complete and authoritative settlement of the only subject of difference which had seriously agitated Kanzas or interfered with its prosperity. The qualified electors, therefore, to whom the settlement was referred, not only had an unquestionable right to attend at the polls and give their votes, on the day appointed, but they were required to do so by the highest considerations of public duty. In the exercise of this right, moreover, they were entitled to adequate protection by the Territorial Govern ment, and the Acting Governor was bound to em ploy all the legal means at his command to give se curity and fairness to the election. "The conflicting opinions which prevail in the Territory," he says, "had their appropriate issue at the ballot-box, and to that peaceful arbitrament they might safely be referred. The great objects to be accomplished, in the opinion of the" Presi dent, were to preserve the peace of the Territory and secure the freedom of the election. . "from these views you will readily understand what the President regards as the chief duty which devolves upon you as Mr. Stanton's successor. This duty is to preserve the peace in Kanzas. Ev ery person entitled to vote under the Constitution ought to have safe access to the polls, and to be free from any restraint whatever in the exercise of the elective franchise. If the civil power is found insufficient for this purpose, the troops of the Uni ted States should be employed in aid of it; and it may be a wise precaution to have them stationed in advance within reach of those places where, in your judgment, their services are likely to be re quired. They (the instructions heretofore given) refer prominently to the preser vation of jeace at certain important elections; but I need hardly inform you that your duty is not in tended to be confined to these special occasions. It extends, of course, to the protection of all citi zens in the exercise of their just rights, and ap- ?lies as well to one legal election as to another. 'he Territorial Legislature doubtless convened on the 7th instant, and while it remains in session, its members are entitled to be secure and free in their deliberations. Its rightful action must also be re spected. Should it authorize an flection by the people, for any purpose, this election should be held without interruption, no less than those au thorized by the Convention. While the peace of the Territory is preserved and the freedom of elec tions is secure, there need be no fear of disastrous conseqnences. 'The public journals contain reports of an intended movement by a portion of the res idents of Kanzas, to organize a revolutionary gov ernment. It is hardly probable that this report ean be well founded. But should the attempt be made and lead to practical collision with the Ter ritorial authorities, the authority of the Govern ment must necessarily be maintained, and from whatever quarter it is attempted to interfere, by violence, with the elections authorized by the Con stitutional Convention, or which may be authoriz ed by the Legislature, the attempt must be resist ed and the security of the election maintained. The peaceable progress of these elections can ob viously occasion no injury to any citizen or any party, because Uieir results can nave only tueir due weight under the Constitution and laws. lt is vitally important that tke people of Kanzas, and no other than the people of Kanzas, should have the full determination of the question now before them for decision. "It is proper to add that no action of the Territorial Leg lslature ean interfere with the elections of the 21 it of Pecember, and the 1st Monday of January, in the mode and manner prescribed by the Constitu tional Convention," ; By these instructions it will be seen that my duty is plainly marked out, and as my own views on these subjects entirely. accord with those of the President, I shall find no difficulty in obeying. them ; and I trust that all good citizens will assist me in pre serving the peace of the Territory and at the same time settle the questions which now perplex them. ! It is far more easy to do this through the ballot-box than by the sword, and in that way it can also be done much more speedily. It is much to be re gretted that "one portion of the people have resolved not to vote on the Constitution as submitted to-day; for had there been a gen eral attendance at the polls, the question of slavery would have been fully and definite ly settled. The American people can never determine a political question by absenting themselves from the polls. Their absence is indifference, and the majority, of votes act ually given determines the result, and not the majority that might have been given. It is asserted by some that persons from other States have interfered in the; elections and that frauds have been perpetrated by which they have been overpowered and de prived of their rights." ! These charges may be true, but it so tne . evils they complain of will not be remedied by absenting them selves , from the polls. American citizens can never preserve their rights by abandon ing the elective franchise, and punishment too severe cannot be inflicted on the man who by violence,, triekerjv or fraud would deprive them of it. There is no question connected with our government which ought not and cannot be amicably settled by it. It is true that a question may be presented in a manner objectionable to some, but that is not a good reason for refusing to vote ; for - if. the majority wills it,, the difficulty can soon - be remedied by presenting the question ia the manner required. -. . , This has been one of the reasons assign ; ed why a portion ; of the people will not vote to-day that the question has not been fairly presented. -, Another is, that they an ticipate frauds. I have seen Gen. Calhoun, the President of the Convention, to whom the returns are to be made, and besides as surinsr me that be has done and will con tinue to do all he can to have the elections fairly and properly conducted, has invited I myself and the presiding officers. o the two ' Houses of the. Territorial Legislature to be present at the counting of the vote. - If- majority of ," the people are dissatisfied with the results of these electionsthey can soon change them in a peaceable,5 manner by a resort to the ballot-box,- -: ; ' A very stringent law.was passed at the late session "of the Legislature providing for the infliction of severe penalties on per sons engaged in election frauds. This act meets with my most hearty approval, and if it is not yet sufficiently stringent, I will gladly assist in making it more so. - It is not possible to throw too many guards around this great bulwark, which is the very foundation of our free institutions. " I cannot close this address without warn ing the people against allowing themselves to be, drawn into quarrels originating in con flictinsr claims to Lands. This is a fruitful source of difficulty ia all new countries, and in the; present condition of anairs in this Territory, designing men will seek to turn everything of the sort to political ac count. . Many troubles and the loss of ma ny valuaDle lives may De traoea to lav cause, and people should be cautious about taking sides on political grounds in such matters as are of a purely personal charaeter. In the discharge of my duties I will take such steps as will in my judgement best contribute to carrying out the views above expressed ; for the majesty . of the laws must and .shall be maintained. In these matters I shall expect the oo-operation of all good citizens, and should my expecta tions be realized, I have no fears that peace will be preserved. J.W.DENVER. Secretary and Acting-Governor. ' December 21, 1857. - Secretary. Cass Exposes Himself. Secretary Cass has recently seen proper to deliver himself of the opinion that "there is no law in the United States to prevent a citizen, in the exercise of the right of expa triation, from going, either armed or un armed, to a foreign country." This decla ration has very naturally created some sen sation at Washington, and excited no little ill-feeling among the foreign diplomats. The Washington correspondent of the New York Times remarks most pertinently upon the opinion of the Secretary as follows : "If one citizen can thus expatriate himself, a dozen, a hundred, a thousand, or ten thou sand, can do the same thing. ; And if a man may take his arms in his hands, there is no reason why he may not take a mountain howitzer on his shoulders. The enumera tion of such a doctrine, at this time, is con sidered nothing less than a proclamation of the United States Government that Walker may make war on Central America when ever he shall see fit, or can get the means to do so, with perfect impunity!' It is looked upon as an official reiteration of Gen. Cass letter to the New York meeting, while he was in the Senate, of sympathy in the cause of Walker and fillibusterism. In . view of this opinion, the 'instructions to the several United. States Marshals to prevent any in fraction of the Neutrality Laws,' as also the instructions to the commander of the John Adams in Potomac Bay to do the same thing, are regarded as a gross hypocrisy on the part of the Cabinet at Washington." Cincinnati Gazette. Yankee Laborers at FiFrr Cents per Day. The Hartford Times, of Nov. 9 th, prints the following : "It has been found necessary, by the offi cers of the railroad depot in Asylum street, to reduce the pay of the workmen on the wood trains 2D per cent., and the laborers were offered yesterday 50 cents per day. A large force of them Irishmen, all were ready to go to work at the old rates, but they refused to submit to the 20. per cent, off, and the result was that the ' wood train' yesterday was manned chiefly by Yankees, who were willing to earn half a dollar rather than lie idle and earn nothing. To-day the wood train was made up entirely of Ameri cans, most of them mechanics of various trades, who have the good sense to take a job at half a dollar, rather than do nothing." The Finances of the Government. The surplus money in the national treas ury has fast melted away, and the Govern ment is even beginning to be badly troubled with the shorts. The surplus has fallen below eight millions, and the current re ceipts do not exceed two and a half millions per month. The floating debt is also very large, ana will probably reach ten millions. Congress will be called on to authorize a loan of fif teen or twenty millions. - Then . again ' calculations are made that the Mormon war will exhaust at least thir ty millions in the" next year. Upon the whole, the financial men of the government are in perplexity- ; The Navies of France and England. The Washington Union, of the 5th inst., I contains a carefully prepared list of the na vy of Erance, from which we learn that it is composed of 317 sailing vessels,' carry ing 9,17G guns, and 220 steamers, carry ing 4,901 guns making a total of 537 ves sels and 14,077 guns.- According to the navy list of Great Britain for 1856, the ef fective force of that conntry was ,269 sail ing vessels, carrying 8,362 guns, and 258 steamers, with 4,518 gunsmaking a total of 527 vessels and 13,880. guns. . It will thus be seen that the navy of France . ex ceeds that of Great Britain .by 10 vessels and 197 guns. This is a very 6mall differ ence, and the navies of the' most ; powerful maritime powers in Europe may therefore be set down as about equal. ; . ,.; Got. "Walker and Senator Douglas. , It is said that - Gov. Walke had au inter r view with Senator Douglas while on his way from Kanzas to Washington. -Previous to that interview he bad not fully made up his mind what course to take in regard to the Lecompton Constitution. His decided' course now,' and his hostile at titude toward the Administration, are sup posed to be. the fruits of the pnttingcf their two neaos together, -r : . -t -:. ? ; -Senator Douglas has gone on to Wash ington to assist in carrying out their plans for the annoyance "of Mr." Buchanan. The Chicago Journal says he left there on Wed nesday night, f' full, of wrath and fury at the course of the Administration, and with an openly avowed purpose to oppose the doctrines enunciated by; the Washington Union to the bitter end," Cincinnati Gaz. A Wife Masosactort. From the weav ing room of the Ward Mills, at Indian Or chard, Mass., in which an average of CO persons are employed,-137 girls have been married witom two ver, .i ,- ; - r . 'j ? - More Slave Terrifm-tr r - The' " Tehuantepec ..purchase scleise which: contemplates the acquisition of art indefinite portion of Mexican territory, eluding the Isthmus of Tehuantepec' fo the consideration of 50,000,000, is llkelf to become a, matter of considerable notori ety, in consequence of the revelations and recriminations of certain parties whose in terests will be affected by the annexation.. The Isthmus itself, lying north of Yucatan and Guatemala, has, ever since the acquj. sition of. California, - been an object of spe cial - interest to s number of speculators and adventurers, chief among whom is Col. Sloo, celebrated for greater success ia the acquisition of contracts, than in the per formance of them, and who has for sever al years held a gTant, in the nature of a monopoly, lor the construction of a railroad or other - transit from the Atlantic to the Pacific. So important a monopoly as this however, could not . long remain ia tjj hands, without an effort on the part of ri val speculators to have it transferred to themselves or annulled, and a company was formed in Louisiana, who, after ranch ne gotiation and expense, succeeded in obtain ing the grant for themselves. The whole discussion, so far as it points to any actual acquisition of territory, is probably prematura, for with a commercial crisis to embarrass the country, and de clining; receipts frm customs, it is not very probable that Congress will seriously contemplate au addition of 850,000,000 to the public debt for the . purchase of the territory. The Doctrine of Negro Equality An nounced by the Administration. The great present and pressing- question of American politics is, whether ntgtu slaves have the same rights in the Territo ries of the Union as the white men of the country. By the decision of no other ques tion can the interests of the white races be so much affected as by the decision of this question. Shall they have the exclusive occupation of the million and a half of square miles embraced in the Territories of the Union, or shall they be excluded, in whole or in part, by the African ? It is with regret that we find the Admin istration, in this vital particular, throwing its whole weight upon the side of negro equality. This movement i masked, to be sure, by the more pleasing phrase, "State equality," but the pill is none the less bit ter because coated with sugar. It is none the less "negro equality,", which Mr. Bu chanan supports, because he sees fit to call it "State eqality." ; What the Administration maintains m words, is the equal right of the States to the Territories. But the political corporations have no risrhts in the Territories. The States, a3 such, cannot move to the Territo ries and occupy them. The States, as such, own nove slaves. What is meant by "State equality" is the right of the 6laveholding citizens, who are only a small portion of the slaveholding States,, to occupy the Territo ries with their slaves. The equality con tended for is not the equal right of States, but the equal right of a peculiar class of persons holding a very peculiar species of property. Sifted to the bottom, the asser tion of "State equality,.' as intended by Mr. Buchanan, is the assertion that our Territories are as fully open to negro slaves as they are to white men. In other words, it is the assertion, in respect to a vital mat ter, and bearing upon the precise point at which the development of one race comes in collision with the development of the other, of the doctrine of "negro equality." This doctrine of the Administration we feel bound to oppose. The Territories of the Union were not acquired by the blood or treasure of negro slaves, and to put them upon an equality of right, in respect to the occupation of the Territory, is to do the greatest possible wrong and injury to the white' men of the country, whether living at the North or at. the South. It is "negro equality," in the worst imaginable form. and no honeyed subterfuge of "State equal ity" can make it anything else.- Washing ton JRepublic. , Windmills. The Scientific American says windmills are extensively used in San Francisco, for pumping up water, propelling, the shaft of the machine shop, turning the burr-stones of the flouring mill, etc.' The weather there Us peculiarly adapted to the windmill busi ness, a large supply of wind being constant ly in the market and obtainable without money and without price. .... f . If "a large supply of wind constantly ia the market and obtainable without money and without price" be peculiarly favorable to the windmill business, then, .certainly, Kanzas is just, the place for it. . By the way,' we wonder that they have not been introduced here. Lawrence Republican. The New York Herald, which supported the Democratic ticket in that State, rebates the Democratic press for their glorification over the result of the recent election. It says : . "In the outset, we know not r which is most amusing the refreshing self-compla- oency orbe sublime impudence of the Dem- ocratic hallelujah organs. 'A clear Demo cratic gain of nearly one hundred thousand votes, says tbe Washington,, Umon Uu how ? Is the Democratic vote of this State, of November, 1857, greater . than that of 1856 7 We believe it is nearly the same This clear gain, then, of a hundred thou sand, consists of ant opposition vote of one hundred thousand held in reseryeJ On Saturday last the walls of Eldrid -Brothers new" Free State Hoiel were com pleted. The present hotel., when finished, will be the largest and best, structure of its kind west of St. Louis. It wittprob&bly be completed by springv' aad wUV doubt not, rkbly repay tha enterprise, and. energy of its proprietors. - - Thus, in aboct . eighteen miihs. since drunken mob of Missonrians headed hj David Atchison, under color; of law and protected by United, States , eoldkrVf. de stroy edLtb former building, ; on Us fi;j,. new, more substantial and more elegast edi fice has arises . Thus, everc&es the peace ful, persevering hand of Free- Labor fin-wr triuesph over the fitful, barbaric efforts oi injustice and wrong.Xaarc RepuUxa-- fcfcAXES, xx IAVE2rwoTH.---An sff" ment f city property in Leavenworw Kanzasv has just been made..' Total v3" " tion, ; 3,1 4 5962. The nnmber of .T'! is 33 valued, at 816,000. ; Slavery in. Kanzas,. and the administration of J Buchanan is dng all U can to perpetua the ottfse Sa that great Territory forever.. i Cinrir.nnti, Gazrtfa. t-, . - ' '