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The Emporia weekly news. [volume] (Emporia, Kan.) 1881-1889, November 17, 1881, Image 2

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PUBLISHED KVKHT THCKBDAY AT
EMPORIA, LYON COUNTY, KANSAS.
BY THE NEWS COMPANY.
Jacob stotlib. ai-kx. Butts
k'SAKK P. UACLlXMAX.
Term $1.60 per Year, to Advance.
,. All time not paid for In advasee U attUe
aie at t ocr yur.
Kntered at the iot oilioe at Emporia as
sccona clou matter.
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 17. 1881
It is said that one square mile In Lon
don where the poorest people congre
gate over 12,000,000 a year is apent In
strong drinks. This is a very eloquent
temperance lecture embodied in this
brief statement.
Now let us bear from the "Bull" end
of the Kxpobia Nkws. Newton Re
publican.
All right. We repeat that If some
body will nominate you for congress we
will second the mot ion . We don't know
a mau in the dint net that will make a
better lull for Tom Ryan than you.
It strikes a discriminating public that
the intense anxiety manifested by the
Democracy .regarding the honesty ot
Mahone and the fairness of bis plan lor
the settlement of the floancial problem
in Virginia is largely gratuitous. He
certainly has shown cheerful alacrity in
paying to the uttermost farthing ail that
ba ever owedHho Democratic party.
The most wonderful manifestation of I
social civil life to-day is taking the cen
sus at all of so vast a poulatinn and so
huge a connection of different religions
and different modes of government as
that of India. But the census of these
250.OCO.000 of people was taken in one
day under the perfect administrative
centralization ot British India.' The in
crease in British Iudla in ten years has
been 13,000.000. , '..
Russell, tbe murderer of Smart- at
Kansas City, wua taken ill shortly after
tbe occurrence, and has not been able to
have his preliminary examination. The
public, feeling over the inexcusable
murder is still unabated la that city. Jt
is the opinion of a good many people
that Russell's sickness was caused by
the reaction from the excitement under
which ho was laboring when he did the
unprovoked ' deed, and from remorse.
His physicians say his condition Is
critical.
The Richmond Whig says: A few
weeks before the election a well-known
Readjuster of Manchester and a wall-
known Funder of Chesterfield made a
rather curiout wager on the election.
In the event that Daniel was elected the
Readjuster was to recelvo ten stripes on
his bare back, and if Cameron was
elected the Funder was to receive the
same. Tbe licks were to be well laid
on. The time for tbo whipping to take
place will be some time next week.
Blis will review Dr. Hammond's ar
ticle on the Oar field case in the current
number of the North American Review,
in the coining issue of the Medical
Record. Ex.
And thvn what does Bliss propose
to do about Boynton's expose? Then
we would inquire if he will undertake
to review all the doctors will have to
say In ths way of criticising his treat
jneul in the Garfield case. If he does
we venture the assertion he will have a
tolerably warm time of it.
The six healthiest cities in tbe United
Slates are said to be in the order follow
ing: Knoxvlllc, New Haven, Portland,
Ban Francisco, Cleveland and Lawrence.
The unheattblest are Charleston, Mem
phis, Lynn, New York, and St. Louis.
St. Petersburg is the unbeallhiest city in
the world, and is followed by Malaga,
Alexandria, Warsaw and Buda-Pcstb.
In New York the deaths exceed tbe
births by a thousand a month, or 12,000
a year.
Chicago Tiibune: Having emphatical
ly slated that the prosecution of Guit
eau was none of his business, and that
he had nothing whatever to do with tbe
alar route cases, Mr. Mac. Yea h would
confer a favor on large numbers of be
. nighlcd persons by slating for what pur-
po-ut an attorney general is hired. Frout
the MacVeagh ntundpoint lliat function
ary would soem to partake of a beautiful
dream very Ann while It lusta, but of
no MasIbl account when you want any
tbiugof it.
Inter Ocean: Are we not building
too uinny railroads, and will not the re
ault of the enormous invealiuenla that
are being nimbi in this direction cause
another panic liko that of 1873? When
tbe bonds are all sold nnd the money all
spent, who will pay the interest? Cer
tainly tbo eurtiiugn if tin roads ami the
sales of their land-t cannot do it. The
country ww never so pnwperoiis, and at
the aumu time S' extravagant, aa now.
Men am making 'money and scnding
money fust; but thn farsighled see a
point where it must stop.
Now that the Republicans find them
solves without a clear straight-out ma
jiirily in tbe House of Representatives,
attention is directed eagerly toward the
Senate. Things look a little better there
To bm sure, there Is now an even division,
but a change will coma a little over a
year hence. Among the senatorial terms
which expire ia 1883 are those of Mc
pherson of New Jersey, Johnston, of
Virginia, and Urorer of Oregon, not to
mention Davis, of Illinois. Tbe Repub
licans justly expect to gain all these seats.
On the other hand the only Democratic
gain will be a successor' .to Kellogg, of
Louisiana. A Readj aster Republican is
certain to be elected In Virginia, and the
Republicans now have good majorities
in the legislature both of Oregon and
New Jersey.
Mrr. Garfield, Miss Mollie and Mas
ters Herbert and Abram are now com
fortably quartered in their new Cleve
land home. No, 1100 Euclid Avenue.
They left Mentor for Cleveland on Mon
day, and it is Mrs. Garfield's Intention
to reside in her present home until
April next, she having mndo arrange
ments with Judgj Burke to occupy the
,' house until that Unto.' Shu will probably
make Mentor her summer hoiaa. ' She
will only remove a number of personal
effects from Mentor to Cleveland. Her
brother-in-law, Mr. C O. Rockwell, is
in Cleveland and ia assisting her in ar
ranging matters. Miss Mollie is now
attending Mrs. Mittlebcrgcr'a private
school. Herbert and Abram will com
mence to-day. Grandma Garfield, who
is now residing in Solon, is expected
daily. She will winter with her daughter
in law. '
1 lie H-ple of Kansas will be glad to
learn that Hou. "SI. F. Conway, who was
one ol our pionrura, and bore such a
gallant p;irt In the tight which made
Kansas a freu state, ami who has been
suffering for some years from an obscure
form of brain diarase, ia slowly improv
ing, and be may reasonably hope before
long to leavo the institution where' he
baa been under treatment. He has lost
all means of milwistrnce, during ' hia
year of suffering, and must commence
o nothing. Tho -Trilmue say, .-however,
Utat, '. b has flairs) i for
compensation and" mileage a a member
of the 36lh congress, which has been
several times examined by committees
of elections ami pronounced lust, but
t through luck of aay special interest in a
broken and unfortunate man, it has never
received the final favorable action of
congress. It will be brought forward In
the coming session, and if, after careful
examination. It should prove not well
founded, it should be disposed of.' If,
on the contrary, the claim is just, there
can be no excuse for delaying its pay
ment any longer. ' "' 1
Nothing can overcome French polite
ness. Commandant Idchtcnstein, wno
represented the president of the French
Republic at the York town Centennial,
suffered severely while hi re from rheu
matism, had a light with a burglar at
Philadelphia, and was finally ordered
home by bis physician on account of a
severe bronchial affection. Tct before
leaving be said that his trip to the
United State will hereafter te remem
bered as one of the pic asm test period
of hia life.
The popular game of billiards is like
ly to receive a check in Indiana trom a
late decision of the supreme court of
that state, which declares that any saloon
where the looker pays for the game thai!
be deemed a gatnbling-houfe, and its
proprietor liable to prosecution and pun
ishment under the law against gam
bllng. It is proposed to g et around this
decision by hiving the players divide
the hire of the table and each pay for his
own whisky and cigars. But that would
make a very dull game of billiards. It
la the , stake the eost of the drinks,
moke, and use ot the table that gives
zest to the players, as they can thus
gamble, guzzle and puff at the expense
of the loser And not violate the rules of
"society."
The Qulncv fill.) Herald is at it
again, in the defense of Guiteau, and
uses the following outrageous language
in reference to Garfield:
'We stand br oar record. James A.
Garfield was a bad man living;, and he is
a bod man dead. He has been sent to
his account. .Let him answer for his
crimes as best be may. As God reigus
we believe bis soul was snot into neu
by an' assassin 'a ballet."
Editors have been tarred and feather
ed in the south and killed in Illinois for
a plain, but decent expression of opin
ion on the subject of slavery. Yet this
long haired slanderer of the dead is per
mitted to walk the streets of Quincy in
peace. This is one of the privileges of
a free government.
The Ohio State Journal scintillates cm
follows on the star route cases:
UA atorv is told of Rnfua Choata
garding the defense which he made for
bis first client, who bad borrowed a ket
tle from a neighbor. The complaint was
that the kettle wa broken when it was
returned. Choate made three points in
the defense: 1. Tbe kettle was broken
when we borrowed it. 2. The kettle
was sound when we returned it. 8. We
never bad tbe Kettle. J ere. Wilsons
argument for the star route defendants
is to this effect: 1. Admitting that
everything charged in the information
nied by toe district attorney is true, no
crime nas oeen commmcu. a. ine in
formation charges the defendants with
tbe commission or an -lniainous crime."
o rr ft. . . K ...... , n n
congress, and not General Brady, should
be held to answer."
Senator Mahone plants himself on the
following platform:
"I want every man to vote, white or
black, and 1 want him to vote aa lie
please, and to be neither threatened be
forehand nor ostracised afterwards for
expressing: hia free opinion. I am tired
of intolerance. 1 want wn.ti or Discs:, no
matter of what party, to act freely in
politics and live harmoniously together,
as you do in the north. Then we can
get capital and men to come on ana ae
velop our resources, and can make Vir-
einia aa great as she ought to be.
have encouraged my colored neighbors to
vote aa rree men. and not as it iney were
directed to vote by the Federal office
holders, or by their employers; and I
and those who act with me mean to see
to it at all hazards that every citizen, be
he black or white, shall eniov this Tight
of a tree man to vote and to have his
vote counted."
Mr. Thomas A. Hendricks, in review
ing his senatorial career, speaks of
Reverdy Johnson aa tbe ablest lawyer In
the senate during his term. Charles
Sumner succeeded in having more of
hia views embodied in the laws of the
country than any other man. Bucka
lew, of Pennsylvania, was a debater of
rare force, and produced during the
stress of his senatorial duties the ablest
book that has been written on minority
representation. Garratt Davis waa the
most fearless debater he ever saw; but
not always considerate. Doolittle, of
Wisconsin, was the finest orator. John
Sherman was atways ready for action.
Trumbull was eminent as a lawyer and
debater. Governor Morton waa an able
leader, bnt extreme in hia expressions
strength and earnestness were bis pe
culiarities.
THE CORRECT POSITION.
Topeka Capital : Down in Fort Scott
they are agitating the plan of licensing
saloons to sell lemonade and soda water
with the tacit understanding that they
may sell beer and whisky, and not
prosecuted therefor. The Monitor op.
ones it, and says, among other things:
"The supreme court of the United
States has decided that tlie power rests
absolutely with the people of a slate, to
regulate and prohibit the sale of ardent
spirits, u mey see proper to uo ho. hbu.
aas adopted an amendment to her or
ganic law prohibiting it. Tbe legisla
ture passed a law to carry this amend
ment into effect. The supreme court of
Kansas has decided that tbis law is con
stitutional, and it is therefore tbe con
stitutioual law of this state, which every
officer is sworn to support, and actual
resistance to the law, or resort to any
but legal means to resist, is rebellion
against the laws of the 8late."
That ia stating it strongly, but Tery
correctly. The prohibitory law is not
mere advertisement, but a valid and un
mistakable statute, with specific pen
alties for its violation. There is no hon
est way In which auch a law can be
evaded ; and an officer who connives
or consents to auch an evasion does not
care much for bis oath.
The figure which Guiteau Is cutting
in his trial is not calculated to inspire
sympathy for him if that is tbe object of
the impudent aasassln'a acting. It will
strike the average reader that be is over.
doing hia part. Ills continual thrusting
of his ebnoxious person before the court
and audience, and his cheeky attempts
to shoot off bis brainless speeches, will
only disgust the public. There ia too
much coarse and offensive
egotism in his proceedings. If there
were signs of remorse or penitence over
the terrible crime for which he is being
tried, ' there would be at least a greater
degree of patience among the people to
ward him. He aeema rather to glory in
the act which rid the country, of the
president, and attempts the role of
martyr. There Is entirely too much
method In his actions. Below all la the
unavoidable conviction that he did the
killing designedly, for fame, with the
hope that the Insanity dodge would save
hia neck, and then he might get the
coveted fame by filling the country with
twaddle about his worthless life.
A PROBLEM FOB BALDWIN.
Mural Halstead, of the Cincinnati
Commercial, "plugs the center" as fol
lows:
"Mr. Sasa Randall wants the internal
revenue tax wiped out. He is support
ed by tbe south, which wants the taxes
on liquor and tobacco removed; and by
ine Danker, wno agree mat tne Dana
taxes ought to be repealed : and bv the
druggists, who are unanimous for taking
ine tax on uruga ana meuicine.
Then there ia a movement ua foot for
revision of the tariff with a reduction
of from - ten to twenty per cent.
all imports in view, and a large addi
tion or various art idea and commodi
iUes to the free list. Mean
time the commissioner of pensions
calls ror an appropriation or ai'JO UUO.-
000, the St Louis convention for $50
000,000 to make tbe Mississippi river
wholly nnmanagabie, and every depart
ment, except that of the poatofnee.
clamoring for more money, increased ex
penditurea and all that. How all this
money ia to be raised if the internal rev-
Mine tax ia to be wiped oat and the tariff
reduced ooe-hair, is a financial problem
which we shall tie compelled to submit
to "the most brilliant financier of New
Jersey," who recently managed to ma
nipulate two millions ana ban ol dot
lars out of a national bank without any
body miaaiBg It- tie may prove equal
to its solution ; it ia entirely too deep for
Archbishop Purcell la now 'entirely
helpless. The Ursuline Slaters wheel
him about In a chair and feed him with
a spoon. -.-
A NEW STATE.
if. is announced that Dakota will
knock for admission as a state this win
ter. No part of the west is more rapid-
developing, or is receiving a greater
influx of population, and there seems to
be no reason why this prosperous terri
tory should not be dressed with the
habiliments and dignity of a full fledged
mtftnDer of the Union. Its admission
may be resisted on political grounds, as
a state settled as Dakota is, with intelli
gent, energetic and prosperous people,
will be apt to send two Republican .sena
tors to Washington, thus giving that
party the power again, but we appre
hend mere political reasons cannot long
keep it out. The census enumeration
of 1830 gave Dakota a population of
135,180. Unquestionably this number
has been largely Increased since that
time by immigiation, so that its popula
tion is now nearer 175,000. Many of the
old slates did not have as great a number
of inhabitanta at the lime of their admis
sion into the Union. Kentucky waa ad
milled with only a fraction over 33.000
inhabitants; Missouri. 66,000; Arkansas,
97,000; Mississippi, 75,000; Tennessee,
105,000; Florida,87,000;while California,
Oregon, Nevada and Nebraska also had
smaller number of inhabitanta when
admitted as states.
The growth of Dakota since it was
opened for settlement in 1859 has been
remarkably rapid, and especially during
the last five years. The followiog table
of entries at the United States land office
may give a better idea of its rapid de
velopment:
Year ending No. of Kb
No. ot
J 111 J 9U.
tries.
Asret
1877..
&BS
4.M8S
t.SHM
8 SIS
123.7W
T3W.6US
1X7
ItMO.
1SS1.
l.aaMJ
The reports show that the entries dur
ing the last year were double those of
any other state or territory. At the last
election held in Dakota 28,091 votes
were polled. The slate of Delaware
polled only 29,408 votes in the presiden
tial election of 1830, and tbe state of Ne
vada polled only 21.600 votes. Both of
the latter states are represented in con
gress by Democratic senators, and it is a
little difficult to see upon what ground
Democrats could vote against the admis
sion of Dakota as a state. Let her
be admitted.
THE 8ANTA FE
RAILROAD EX-
HIBIT AT
ATLANTA.
.-Frank Leslie's Illustrated Paper: No
single feature of the International Cot
ton Exposition, now in progress at At
lanta, Georgia, attracts more general at
ten lion than the wonderful display of
agricultural and mineral products made
by tbe Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
railroad. It is in the months of all vis
itors to Oglethorpe Park, and astonish
es those from the northern states scarce
ly less than those from Georgia and
other parts of the south. Indeed, it is
tbe most complete and artistic display of
the kind that has ever been made in this
country not excepting those at the Cen
tennial. The Kansas-Colorado exhibit
at the Centennial was the work of the
same artist, Professor Henry Worrall ;
but in tbis latter design he has added to
his own reputation, and achieved fresh
credit for Kansas.
Our illustration presents tbe more sa
lient points of this beautiful exhibit.
We may supplement the picture by
brief description: The "Santa Fe
Railroad" display occupies
space sixty feet square in the
center of the railroad building
In the midst of this space a circular
structure, twelve feet in diameter, rises
to a height of thirty-one feet ; its lower
half is surrounded by sheaves of golden
wheat placed tier upon tier, while, sur
mounting this, an immense shock of
corn towers to the roof. The quality of
tbe grains and the enormous growth of
stalk are particularly noticeable, show
ing the rare fertility of Kansas soil.
Four porticos project from tbe base of
the conical pyramid of cereals, facing
toward the four entrances of tbe build
ing. The pillars of these porticos are
covered with wild grasses and embel
lished with ornamental designs made
from cane. Four giant roosters. Ingeni
ously constructed out of grain, crow
lustily from the portico roofs one for
Kansas at large, one for Southcentral
Kansas, one for Southwest Kansas, and
one for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fe railroad. In the heart of the central
pyramid, ten feet from the ground,
cozy office ia provided for the agents in
charge of the company's exhibit, and the
effect of the mullioned windows and
filmy lace curtains, "half-concealed, yet
half-revealed" among the wheat sheaves,
ia novel and very beautiful.
A court thirty feet wide runs all
around the central structure, affording
ample room for a promenade. Beyond
this are twelve booths, dodecagonel in
form, and each having two facades,
opening respectively upon the inner
court and outward' toward the other
railroad exhibit. In the ornamentation
of these facades, the artist has displayed
rare Ingenuity and taste. The style of
archictecture docs not conform strictly
to any school, but combines features ot
several. Moorish arches span all tbe
entrances; these are supported by tall
glass Doric columns filled with various
seeds and grains, and these in turn rest
upon twenty-four pedestals, which are
decorated with every species and combi
nation of the staple Kansas field pro
ducts.
The columns and pedestals together
show choice specimens of wheat, corn,
oats, rye, barley, rice-corn, sorghum,
flaxseed, buckwheat, beans, timothy,
clover and millet, flour, cotton, silk co
coons, etc, all raised this season along
the line of the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe railroad. Within the booths
or stall, are special exhibits of Kansas
productions. One ia devoted to fruit,
one to wheat in the straw, another to
threshed wheat; one to corn in the ear,
another to corn in the stalk ; one to oats,
rye, barley, buckwheat, flaxseed, grass
seed, etc ; one to Kansas grasses, wild
and tame; another to Kansas woods, na
tive cultivated; one to Kansas toils, and
another to Kansas minerals; one to
broom -corn and sorghum cane and syr
up. A line collection of minerals from
New Mexico, Colorado and Arzonla fills
one booth. Thus a most effective display
is made of the native resources and cul
tivated crops in the vast territory tribu
tary to this great line. Above four of
tbe interior arches miniature railroad
trains (two freight and two passengers)
are represented aa crossing airy trestle
work these, like everything else about
this wonderful display, built of Kansas
agricultural products. Banners and
bouquets, festoons and coats-of-arms
grace every prominent point, all pro
claiming in some way the attractions of
Kanaas; while other cereal chanticleers
(like those described) perch upon the
highest pinnacles and crow for the
"Atchison, Topeka & 8anta Fe railroad
the moat direct and popular line to
Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and
California."
To New York Egypt has sent Cleopa
tra's Needle, a relic of her ancient civ
ilization, from the banks of the Nile.
Now, on account of its fertility, the Val
ley of the Arkansas river in South-central
Kanaas has been fitly termed "The
Nile region of America." So, by n hap
py thought, tbe farmers of the Arkansas
Valley have sent to the Atlanta expoal
tioo, aa emblems of their newer civiliza
tion, four great obelisks, twenty-one feet
In height not monoliths, like their
Egyptian prototype, but covered respec
tively with ruddy apples, massive wheat
heads, corn ba the ear and chopped
straw. - The hieroglyphics which adorn
all the faces of these shafts, when deci
phered, apell only the word "Kansas."
The art of the Western World may not
be as enduring as that of the Ptolemies,
but it ia certainly more practical and
progressive. On the whole, the exhibit
of the Atchinson, Topeka and Santa Fe
railroad company at Atlanta is a tri
umph of realistic art, and better than
that it is a revelation to all who see it,
touching the wonderful agricultural
wealth of Kansas, and the senic nd
mineral resources of the vast territory be
yond, through which this most aggres
sive of American railways la rapidly ex
tending its trans-continental tracks.
PEBS01UL AHD POLITICAL.
The Globe-Democrat wants a Mahoue
in Missouri.
Mr. MacVeagh should have obviated
the necessity of his withdrawal from the
cabinet by never going into it.
Thurlow Weed has got something to
brag about He has voted sixty years
and every time against the Democrats.
The wife of Edwin Booth, the actor,
died at New York on Sunday. In conse
quence Mr. Booth's engagement at Phil
adelphia this week has been canceled.
Prof. King la reported as building
balloon "that will exceed in lightness
anything known." The Chicago Trib
une is still buying pools on MacVeagh,
however.
Lincoln thinks it a little mixed about
his remaining In the cabinet. The Pres
ident has not asked him if he could
stay. We suppose Bob likes tbe "sit
very well.
Senator Anthony has been a United
Stales senator continuously for twenty
two years. No other man now in con
gress has continuously served so long in
either boose.
PatU's concert in New York was a
failure as to the numbers in attendance
because the price of tickets was put at
$10. Tbe people showed tbeir good
sense by slaying away.
Mahone ssys tbe new Virginia sena
tor will be either Riddleberger or Wise,
and we reckon Mahone knows. It is
now estimated that the Readjusters will
have 18 majority on joint ballot. . .
Tribune: There is n suspicion that
Voorheea is trying to exfoliate himself
into the Republican party. A large
placard beating the legend "Full" t-hould
be suspended over the Republican door
at once.
Mrs. Hayes is expected to visit Wash-
ington during the coming winter.
Rutherford will sustain his refulgent
reputation for marital devotion by re
maining at home to take care of the
chickens and house-plants.
The Herald estimate makes the New
York legislature stand as follows: In
the house, 66 Democrats and 63 Repub
licans; in tbe senate. 17 Democrats and
15 Republicans. Last year with Stalwart
nominations the Republicans had 25
members In the senate, and 81 in tbe
bouse.
Tribune: Brooklyn has become a Re
publican city. So may New York in a
few years if we pursue the Brooklyn
Republican policy of a "straight ticket
and no dicker." We could have elected
a Republican common council this time
if we had only put candidates in nom
ination.
A number of governors were weighed
the other day at Atlanta, Georgia. Gov
ernor Hoyt, of Pennsylvania, weighed
243 pounds; Governor Bigelow,
of Connecticut, 186J,-; Governor Col-
qultt, of Georgia, 176; Governor Black
burn, of Kentucky, 223W: Governor
Vance, of North Carolina, 203.
The Hon. . B. Waahburne is living
quietly in his Chicago home, but is far
from idle. He has lately been occupied
In the preparation of a history of the
life and times of the Hon. Edward Coles,
the second governor of Illinois. The
book has much to say concerning the
anti-slavery struggle in that state.
HERE AND THEBE.
Boston has so far collected f 59,109 for
the benefit of the Michigan sufferers
The (jeath Is reported of a young man
in New York of pyaemia, caused by de
cayed teeth.
The gloomy announcement is made
on the verge of winter, that the price of
diamonds has advanced 25 per cent.
Wheat is looking well in Kansas,
Missouri and Nebraska. Several weeks
of good growing weather has given It a
splendid set.
The Earl of Mount Casbel, who
is
about to marry the widow Molesworlb,
is in his ninetieth year. It seems that
it is never too late for a man to make a
fool of himself.
It would take a Philadelphia lawyei
to determine which party ought to pay
for the fire works which have been used
in "jubilating" over the result of the
New York election.
The farmers of Maine raised a good
crop of apples this year and are taking
in three dollars a barrel for them at their
own doors, owing to the scarcity of the
fruit about everywhere else. This is
hard lick on Salon Chase.
It is said that the remains of Pha-
roah's daughter have been discovered
among the mummies at Thebes, but
they have not yet been identified by
Susan B. Anthony, tbe public will
appreciate the fallacy of conceding the
authenticity of such a statement.
The government expended $40,000 on
the Yoiktown centennial. The histori
cal importance of the event must count
for something, but the visitors to the cel
ebration could have realized an equal
measure of discomfort at one-tenth the
expense by putting up for a few days at
a Lawrence hotel.
Several years ago a colored man
named Lewis, at New York, died, leav
ing $1,500,000 to the government to pay
the national debt Hia heirs contested
the will, and have fought in every court
for it, but it is now decided that the exe
cutors of the estate must account to the
government for every dollar of the
legacy.
We regret exceedingly that the horizon
shows a speck of war between the Kan
aas City Journal and Ms of the Com
monwealth. It has already proceeded
to the stage of calling each other "long
horns" and "cow-boys." It will take an
awful sight of carbolic acid to purify
the air in the respective localities of
those papers if the fight gets hot.
A couple of Mormon missioniaries,
engaged in the business of making con
verts in Hackney, England, were recent
ly pelted with rotten eggs and driven
out of the town by tbe incensed popu
lace who had been listening to their
harangues. This evidence of advanced
civilization in one of the oldest of the
"effete monarchies" of Europe la highly
gratifying.
Phillip Sullivan, one of the youthful
train robbers of Arkansas, recently sen
tenced to the penitentiary for a term of
seventy years, died of homesickness af
ter a few days' imprisonment. This
should be a warning to young men who
desire to vault Into sudden opulence, to
employ only honest and legitimate
nitons to that end, and become either
bank cashiers or traveling lightning-rod
agents.
.The cruel queen of fashion is waving
her sceptre over the high and dignified
supreme court of the United Stales. The
other day a young female fashion re
porter of Washington described minute
ly the style of the impressive gown worn
by Justice Harlan. This has been sup
plemented by the statement that Justice
Miller wears a gown that was made ex
pressly for him in Paris. It is gored
and plaited in front, we presume, with a
bit of rucbing around the neck, and is
fluted aa to the tail. There is a rumor
that Justice Field is getting a new out
fit from Worth in Paris, and that when
he returns from abroad he will be the
envy nf all the bench. An exchange re
marks that the time will come when
J a hi i. Bradley may find it necessary to
wear a bustle under his capacious gown
in order to give weight to hia opinions.
It is estimated by cartful compositors
that the Topeka papers would save at
least $25 a year by stereotyping the
item "Wirt Walton ia in the city."
OVER THE STATE.
Lawrence has 591 colored voters.
Lyndon has a flourishing broom fac
tory.
A Marysville cigar factory employes 15
hands. . .
One man in Cloud county recently
lost thirty-five hogs by cholera.
Mrs. Sexton, in her eighty-third year,
has' been holding revival meetings at
Coffeyville.
Prebt, the Republican candidate for
sheriff in Leavenworth, has onlyllS ma
jority over Tom Moonlight.
"Piano recitals" are the latest wrinkle
at Topeka. The people up there are be
coming "just too awfully all but."
The little daughter of Phillip Kargcrs
burned at Topeka Saturday evening and
died next morning of injuries received.
A convict who escaped from the "pen"
at Leavenworth last week left the fol
lowing note : "Excuse me for the liber
ty I take."
Topeka reports a conviction under the
prohibitory law in the case of tbe state of
Kansas vs. Meyer Meyers. Let the good
work go on.
A private insane asylum is proposed
at Fort Scott. It ought to be located at
Leavenworth, where it is proposed to
start another daily paper.
Kingman was chosen by the people
at tbe recent election as the county seat
of Kingman county. The vote stood :
Kingman, 377; Dodge City, 288.
It was reported that Dr. W. H. Wood
ward was fatally shot at Belleville, Kan.,
Saturday, by J. C. Humphrey, editor of
the Belleville Telescope. Politics the
cause.
The Methodist Episcopal Missionary
Conference has voted, for missionary
purposes, $5,500 to Southern Kansas.
It wouldn't do any hurt to place that
much in Parsons alone.
The Osage bridge has been condemn
ed, and trains on the K.T. for the pres
ent, will not run over it The Texas
trains will go and come over the Hoi-
den and Rich Hill branches.
The state insurance department is
sending out blank annual statements to
all insurance companies doing business
in this state, which are, by law, required
to be returned in sixty days after Janu
ary 1, 1883.
The Lawrence Tribune, which has
been beating against the financial rocks
for a good many years, was levied on the
other day to satisfy a judgment in fa
vor of Graham & Bro paper dealers of
St. Louis, for $1,800. and interest for
five years.
Topeka Capital: The certificate of
incorporation of the Arkansas Valley
Company was filed Monday afternoon.
The company will have its headquar
ters at Newton, Kansas, and is organized
for the purpose of breeding, crowing,
grazing, and buying and selling cattle,
horses, sheep, hogs, mules and other
live stock. The capital stock la $150,.
000, divided into 1,500 shares of $100
each. The directors are T. J. Anderson
Topeka; Warren A. Russell, S. R. Peters,
B. McKec.B. F. Evans, Charles R. Tuck
er, jrn T. N. Hanson, of Newton.
Leavenworth Standard : Thirty-one
years ago G. W. O'Harra and Elisabeth
Cramer met and loved in Pennsylvania.
Bat they had a "falling out" and he
went on his way and she hers. He mar-
ried and moved to Franklin county,
Ohio, and she married and moved to
Champaign county the same state. After
ward they both came to Kansas, she to
Pawnee county and he to Jefferson coun
ty. His wife died and so did her hus
band. A day or two ago O'Harra met
his old time lady lovo at the Golden
Gate in this city. The old affection was
warmed up and Judge Plowman was
called In, who made the twain one.
They have gone back to Ohio to pass
the honeymoon.
The new junction City Union.or rather
the first number of the paper under the
new management of Gov. W. Martin.bos
arrived. The newspaper men in Kansas
haye been rather anxious to see It, and
to welcome Mr. Martin again to their
ranks. Their highest expectations will
not be disappointed, because it is a mod
el typographically and in its editorial
work. Its pages arc full of interest.
There is not a dull line in it. Its columns
display the editor's well-known ability
and snap. Though a life-long practical
temperance man, Mr. Martin takes
square and bold position against prohi
bitiom The friends of prohibition will
regret to bear this, and the antis will
have in the Union an able and independ
ant defender.
The Topeka Commonwealth, which
has always been ranked among the
staunch anti-prohibition papers of the
state, casts the horoscope for whis-
kyites aa follows :
Ir saloon keepers, druggists, or gro
cerymen Imagine for a moment that
they can continue to defy the prohibi
tion amendment by selling intoxicating'
liquors openly, they greatly mistake pub
lic sentiment in Kansas. We do not
pretend to argue that liqur will not be
sold in our state for all time to come,
but we do claim that its open sale will
not long continue. We make the pre.
diction that every public place where
liquor is sold will be closed within
year. We made the same prediction last
J one, ana while we nave no reason
change our mind as to the result.
may be disappointed as to the length of
time required to fulfill our prediction
AN IMPORTANT DECISION.
Jadgm Mortoa Decide That the L-effiftla-
tare casus ore counties to
Icwr ladebtednesa.
Topeka Commonwealth : The follow
ing decision, made Saturday in the
Shawnee county district court, is one of
the most important ever rendered by
any judge in Kansas, affecting as it docs
the power of the legislature to compel
counties (and by implication cities of all
grades and townships) to incur indebt
edness. This Topeka and Grantville
road has been before the legislature and
county lor a numoer or years in one
shape and another:
State of Kansas on the relation of the
Attorney General
vs.
The Board of County Commissioners of
snawnee uounty.
This is an action to be brought to
compel the county commissioners of
Shawnee county to pay the surveyor and
certain commissioners apponted by the
legislature to survey, mark and locate a
certain state road from Grantville to To
peka, to pay the damages assessed by
said commissioners (or rather, perhaps.
to ana it tne claims aiiowea oy said com.
missiooers; and to matte tne appropria
tions for bridges directed to be made by
the legislature in the act to establish the
road.
The act is "An act to establish a state
road from Grantville to Topeka," ap
proved February 17, 1881. It directs
the three commissioners appointed to lo
cate said road, and report to the county
commissioners the amount of damages
they award to persons claiming com pen-
ranua iuf uie rigut ut way lur oaiu roatl.
While not expressly so stated in the act,
it is evidently contemplated by sec, 7
of the act, that the county commis
sioners, shall audit and pass npoo the
allowance ot damages for the right of
way Dy tne roaa commissioners, and
the section gives the land owner the
right to appeal to the district court
where the damages claimed are "not al
lowed by the board of county commis
sioners." The act further directs the county
commissioners to draw their warrants
upon the county treasurer for the ex
penses of the survey and location, which
of course, includes the pay of the road
commissioners and the surveyor. It
further directs that the county commis
sioners of Shawnee county shall appro
priate a aum not exceeding $5,000 dur
ing the years 1881 and 1882, for the pur
pose of constructing bridges and paying
for the right-of-way.
A portion of this road lies in Jeffer
son and, so Tar as the right-of-way - ia
that county and the expenses incurred
in that county aie concerned, the com
missioners of Jefferson county are di
rected to "pay" and "appropriate."
Bat for the purposes of this opinion the
act will be regarded as if only applica
ble to 8hawuee county, aa the case at
bar only puts in question the duties and
obligations of the commissioners of this
county.
An alternative writ of mandamus has
been granted and tbe county attorney
moves to quash the writ noon the ground
that it does not state facts sufficient to
constitute a cause of action against tbe
board of commissioners. ' He makes
this motion avowing that his purpose is
not to interpose any technichal objection,
but that he raises the qucstiou of the
power of the legislature to comix:! tbe
county to pay tbe expenses of tbe loca
tion and damages ior tne ngnt ot way,
and to appropriate money tor tbe bridges
necessary to be constructed on the pro
posed road.
mat uie legislature uas toe rrgut to
authorize the county to make these ex
penditures, and this appropriation, can
not be aonotcd. j ne aecis'on or tne
supreme court in me case oi ieaven-
wortu vs. juiuer, t nansas 4 , incon
clusive on this point. It may be ad
mitted, too, that it has tbe right to re
quire tbe county commissioners to pay
any debt legally one Dy uie county, and
to specify the mode and manner in
which sucn debt sbail be paid. It, men,
the boatd of county commissioners had
paid these expenses and in ado the ap
propriations contemplated iy tne act,
their action would have been valid.
But the question of tbe power
cf the legislature to . create a
debt against a county, and to
order its payment is another thing, and
is so important and involves such im
portant consequences that it is a matter
of regret that so little time is allowed to
examine it. if tbe legislature has tbe
power to pass the act in question, it has
the power to "establish" a hundred "slate
roads" in the county, and saddle the
county with a debt that would inevitably
bankrupt it. Does the legislature pos
sess such power T Without taking the
time to refer to constitutional provi
sions, I am willing to assume the broad
ground that there is an unwritten law
that controls the action and limits tbe
power of the legislature that It baa no
power to rob tbe people ol a county, or
a county in its corporate capacity and
that the exercise of such a power as is
claimed by the passage of this act is
simply robbery and cannot be' admitted
to be valid. Regretting as I do that I
have not more time to discuss the ques
tion raised, in reference to other aspects
of the case, but believing that such dis
cusssion would tend toward fortifying
tbe conclusion arrived at, I am com
pelled to sustain the motion to quash
the alternative writ.
TELEGRAPH TALK.
The Minor Telegrams Dene In Uriel.
9,233 immigrants landed in New York
last ween.
James says he is bound to go back
to
New York next week premanently.
Ten persons were drowned by the cap
sizing ot a ferry boat at Iroy, jn. l .
Postofflce at Fairvicw. Pennsylvania,
was roDOCd oi siso and vsuu in stamps.
The star route conspiracy case is to be
presented in tbe police court in a few
days.
Lo3s by Woodstock. N. B., fire foots
up over $100,000. Many people suffer
ing.
Ohio river is rising, and prospect fer a
large coal shipment from nttsburg ex
cellent.
Railroad traffic In Central Russia im
peded by snow ; also sowing of winter
wheat.
Mrs. Stadt, Fort Scott, took too much
poison and has cone away from this
cruel world.
An attempt will be made to prevent
the prize fighters from New York meet
ing in canaaa.
Steamer Brunswick foundered Friday
night on Lake Erie, off Dunkirk, N. Y.
Three lives lost.
Five inches of snow Sunday at Den
ver. Exceedingly cold. Snow fell in
Montreal, also.
Inspector general says troops con
stantly improving in discipline, and well
led and clothed.
Railroad from Fort Scott to Lincoln,
Neb., bound to be built. Fellow found
who has the money to do it-
Diphtheria prevailing among the
children at Niagra, Ont., and in conse
quence public schools closed.
Lord Lome has arrived at Liverpool
tie was met bv Princess .Louise. Thou
sands of people cheered the two.
The Missouri 1'acitic Railway com
pany has been granted the right of way
through tbe city or Atchison, Kansas.
The twenty-fifth anniversary of Gov.
and Mrs. Crittenden's marriage cele
brated Saturday evening at Jefferson
City.
At close of business Saturday there
hod been $9,846,950 in United States
bonds received at the treasury under tbe
loom can.
Announced from' Alexandria, Egypt
that cholera has increased in Mecca
People dying at the rate ot two hundred
per day.
Freight rates cost of Chicago arc be-
ing heavily cut by all trunk lines, and
large shippers are allowed about tbeir
own prices.
A rumor injurious to the credit of the,
Tradesmen's National bonk, JNcw lorK
was current Monday. A denial was giv
en by the president.
John J. Orton, a prominent lawyer of
Milwaukee has been disbared forever
from the practice of law in Wisconsin
for unprofessional conduct.
Senator Logan has been greatly an
noyed by office seekers at his home, and
has gone to Washington, where there
are none of that class of men. -:
At Zilwaukee, Mich., a battery of ten
boilers exploded Sunday, resulting in
the death of four men. An immense de
struction of property also occurred.
Massachusetts Paper company, of
Springfield, Mass., failed with liabilities
at $300,000, because of attachments
served by the Kansas City Paper com
pany and others.
Mabone's name is becoming more
prominent in connection with a cabinet
position. Democrats say if. be ia
Dominated that they will keep the sen
ate in a dead-lock until the end of con
gress. .
Four Italians started : to walk
from Pitkin to Gunnison, Colorado,
and were caught in a heavy snow. One
was picked up by a passing train. ' It is
thought the others were frozen to death.
Dr. Woodward, one of the most prom-
inent physicians in northern Kansas,
was shot and killed by the editor of the
Belleville Telescope on Saturday. The
trouble was caused by a paragraph ap.
pearing in tne paper ot tne latter con
cermng the doctor and his family.
THE TRIAL BEGUN.
Guiteau Brought Into the Court-Room
and Seated Beside His Sister,
Mrs. Scoville.
District Attorney Corkhill and ' Judge
Porter, of New York, and David Gee,
of Washington, Appear for the ,'.
Prosecution. ...
The Assassin Makes an Appeal for Aid
to the Legal Profession of America.
- The Ttlal Berins. ' ' !
Washington, D. C, Nov. 14. At 10
o'clock precisely this morning Judge
Uox entered Uie criminal court , room
and court was declared formally open
ed Dy tbe crier immediately tbereatter.
Guiteau was brought into the court
room by the marshal and his deputies.
He looked much better physically and
otherwise than when he last appeared
In the same room to Dlead to the indict
ment. Still, he had the same restless,
furtive expression which characterized
him before. He waa at once relieved of
his .handcuffs and took his seat at the
side of his sister, Mrs. Scoville: .
THR COURT KOOM .
was crowded. District Attorney Cork-
hill, forter, ot xew lore, and Dand
Gee, of Washington, appeared for the
prosecution and bcoville and Leigh Rob
inson for defense- Smith was prosoit to
represent the attorney general. One of
Guiteau 's first movements was to thrust
bis hand into one of his ' pock
ets - and - half - - take ' out - a . roll
of paper, Scoville, however, in dumb
play ordered him to put it back and he
did so. Tbe district attorney declared ,
KKADIXKSS OF PBOSECCTtON :
to proceed with the case. Itobi nson then
arose to make a plea for still more time
to prepare the defense which appeared
not to meet the approval of . Guiteau.
All the time that Robinson was speaking
Gniteaa was carrying on what appeared
to be a remonstrance with bcoville, who
was apparently trying to quiet and - sup
press him. At the . close of Robin
son's speech tiuiteau . insisted on
being heard- - He said he was not aware
that postponement was to be requested;
and be desired to be heard In his own
behalf at the very threshold of tbe case.
So far as he was concerned he said be
did not want farther time-; Her was
ready to try that case. - Owing to the op
position of Scoville and the prisoner to
the application of Robinson for exten
sion of time the court stated that for the
present the case should proceed as far
at. least as . the; swearing in or
the - jury r. - waa concerned, . i and J
Uxn be would consider ine question
of extension. About 11 o'clock the
work of obtaining the jury was be
gun. ' Tho three who Urst presented
themselves, being disqualified, two on
tbe ground that they had formed fixed
opinions on tbe case and the other one
on tbe ground that be bad conscientious
scruples on tbe subject of capital pun
ishment. -In examining the iurors Sco
ville went over a large range of Ques
tions as to their religious and political
belief.
Latest. Five iurors have been ob
tained and sworn in. Their names and
occupation are as follows: John I.
llartm, restaurant keeper: Fred A.
Bronderg, cigar maker; Chas. O. Stew
arts, flour and feed dealer: Henry J.
Bright, retired from business : Thus. H.
Langlcy, grocer
(initean As An Actor flow He HaveJ the
Insanity Dodge in Court.
Washington, Nov. 15. In tbe Gui
teau case no sooner had Robinson
taken his scat than tbe prisoner
rose and in an excited manner
addressed the court and stated that be
wished to be heard. Scoville at
tempted to make him resume his seat
and remain quiet. He was irrepressible
and in a nervous bnt pretty distinct
manner he proceeded with his speech
as follows:
"I was not aware that my counsel Rob
inson intended this morning to make
application for a postponment, and I de
sire to be heard in my own behalf in
this matter at the very threshhold of the
case. I am charged here with murder
ous attempt and I desire to be heard in
my own behalf."
lho prisoner, emphatically "So far
as I am concerned. I do not want fur
ther time; we are ready to try tbis case
now." to tne deputy marshal, wno en
deavored to restrain the prisoner Will
you be quiet V
ine court uibe Question is proper.
Further time ought to be allowed to tbe
counsel." .
Tbe prisoner, persistently "I do not
want that, if the court please."
l tie district attorney insisted tbat tbe
trial proceed now.
Robinson said that he had consulted
with an eminent gentleman, who he
wished to have associated with him, and
who would give him an answer soon.
He also stated that there were three ad
ditional witnesses he desired to summon,
who could not be here lor three weeks.
He filed an affidavit to tbe above effect.
and while thus engaged, Guiteau was
making very active demonstrations
toward another outbreak, but was re
strained by Scoville and two deputy
marshals who sat directly beside
him. Scoville then said: "This is
a proceeding which is at least peculiar
it not u n preceden lea . 1 1 s very re m ark-
able iudeed tbat application of tbis
kind should be made, and that I should
have had no previous notice of it, and
tbat 1 should not even be permitted to
see the amdavit winch has been pre
sented to tbe court."
Robinson "There is no earthly ob
jection to your seeing it."
Bcoviue " v ery wen ; wait a moment.
I say this is an unprecedented proceed
ing. I shall withdraw from the case if
the defense is to proceed longer in this
manner. I will give whatever informa
tion I have to tbe counsel lor tbe de
fense and step out. I don't want this
cose continued and the prisoner does
not want to have this case continued.
do not want any further connection with
the case unless, when a motion is to be
made, I am advised of it long enough
before band to know something about
it. Unless the defense can go on har
moniously with me in it 1 will with
draw."
Guiteau again managed to get on his
leetiuslas scoville sal down, and ex.
claimed with a motion of his clenched
fist "I endorse every word ot that, and
say to Robinson that if he does not do
everything just as I want him to do he
can get out oi tue case, ana mat suortiy
Robinson then rose to address tbe
court.
Guiteau pcrsisently "I do not want
to bear sny more speeches iroin Robin
son. 1 want uiui to get out ot tne case
and for the deputy marshals who are
pulling me ' bock into my seat to let
me alone; they have nothing to do with
me Here.
Robinson said he intended no disrc-
spect to Scoville, and coutinued :
"I know that what 1 have asked is in
dispensbable, but I will give the name of
the counsel as soon as 1 know that be
can be assigned. I am sure his assign
ment will strengthen tbe defense, and
especially where it most ueeds strength
euing."
The Court "The trouble is tbat
have no assurance tbat at tbe expiration
or tbe tunc mentioned tbat tbe gentle
man will go into the case."
Robinsou "I give you my assurance
tbat if ordered by the court be will leel
obliged to accept the assignment."
Guiteau made another effort to get to
his feet, but was restrained by two dep
uty marshals, against whose interference
be protested strenuously.
The Court "There is tbis much to be
said about this application. 1 be time
first fixed for trial was a week sooner
than the time asked by Scoville, and
when Robinson was assigned to the case
be was not granted by a week the exten
sion of time be asked, so tbat tbe pres
ent application is not for any longer
time than originally asked by Robinson.
I feel very much embarrassed over tbe
question. It is important that tbe trial
should proceed without delay, and 1 in
tmd it shall proceed without unneces.
sary delay. 1 intend also tbat tbe pris
oner shall have a fair trial and tbat the
reproof shall not rest upon the court
that the prisoner was sent to the gallows
without a fair trial in order to uppease
public indignation. sly inclination
is to allow a week's time to Rob
inson which is the time originally asked
by him. I shall assign tbe counsel of
whom be spoke to assist him, leaving
that counsel to make his arrangements
to come into tbe case in two weeks' time,
and I do not think I should give any
more indulgence, and I find cmbaross-
ment in giving tbat much.
Guiteau. escaping tbe control of the
deputy marshal, and getting to his feet
"L do not want Kobmson to act as my
counsel." Scoville rises and attempts
to speak. Guiteau persisted in address
ing the court, and goes on : "I want to
say emphatically that Robinson came
into the case without my consent.
know nothing about him, and I do not
like the way he talks. 1 expect some
time to have money to employ any coun
sel I please. I am not a beggar or a
pauper." uuitean peing maae to re
sume his seat, Scoville then again ex
plained his position in tbe case, and add
ed that Gen. Butler is the choice of the
prisoner's relations and of the prison-
er himself. . If the matter is
to be continued let it be
continued long enough so wc can get
such counsel as we want, and wc will be
prepared with counsel who will be fit to
copo with the. eminent counsel on the
other side. We do not want the court to
assign counsel. We will employ
counsel ourselves n tne case do contin
uod. Scoville insisted that he would
not go into tbe case any further until he
knew the names of Uie additional coun
sel. 1 -
The Court "No counsel can come in
to tbo case without your consent."
; Scoville Resignedly) "Very well." .
Guiteau. again up "I say tbe same.
To tbe deputy marshals, who were pull
ing him back, "Cannot you mind your
own business? I am in tho presence of
the court."
The Uislnct Attorney "Then I un
dcrstand it to be tbe decision of your
honor that the case shall now proceed r
The court "Yes; let tbe trial proceed,
and wucn the testimony lor tbe prosccn
tion is in, I shall endeavor to give the
counsel for the defense time to prepare
their proois." -
The Third Day-The Work or Seeurlas;
a darj ia ine uniceaa Heaaaioa.
Washixoton, Nov. 18. The hack en
trance to the criminal court room was
opened abont half past 0 o'clock this
morning and almost immediately about
fifty ladies were ushered in by the depu
ty marshals and given seats in chairs
immediately in the rear or the counsel
A lew minutes before 10 o'clock the iu
rors Who have been accepted entered the
room and took seats. IkTore 10 o'clock
the court room was filled to over flowing.
tbe audience being a very reapecable
one.
Tbe court was called to order and dur
ing the calling of the names of the fu
rors, tbe prisoner was brought in. His
appearance
WAS WILD AND EXCITED.
He to3id his hat upon tbe desk' before
mm and tnrntcg towards bis brother-in-law,
Scoville, hurriedly whispered some
thing to him in an extremely excited
manner. Tbe two entered into a con
vernation and Guiteau, while speaking.
used his clenched flat vigorously as if in
suiting upon the matter which Scoville
seemed to disapprove.
the talesman being called. Judge Cox
questioned the first taleman, . L.
Keugla, upon his feeling regarding the
prisoner. Keugla responded he did not
think there could possibly be sufficient
evidence to change the opinion he had
formed. . -
The next talesman called was excused
almost at once, having formed a. decid
ed opinion.
A laborer named Thomas declared be
had neither ex pressed nor formed an
opinion. He couldn't read and bad never
held any conversation whatever on the
subject. -Scoville remarked that this
man waa abont the kind of a juror the
law contemplated, bnt .the defense did
not want him. He therefore challenged
him peremptorily.
A colored barber named W imams waa
called and having formed no opinion
was examined by Scoville. He read the
papers every morning ' before seven
o'clock and being a barber of course had I
SPECIAL INDUCEMBlSrTS
Blajstkets,
SAWYER'S. SAWYER'S.
DRY GOODS.
The
Are now prepared to meet their friends and the
public with a Magnificent Stock of Fall and Win
ter goods, including Boots and Shoes, all of which
have been bought of manufacturers and importers,
and will be sold
conversed a great deal on the subject.
In response to tbe inquiry whether be
hod ever been a juror in a murder cose
he said he had but the jury disagreed.
Tbis remark caused consider
able amusement throughout the r.Km.
After further questioning Mr. Williams
was excused.
Wm. II. Browner, a commission mer
chant, being closely questioned by Sco
ville and no objection being advanced
by the government was accepted aud
duly sworn, making the
TKNTH JUROlt.
Geo. T. Keene, in response to interrog
atories said there was nothing under tbe
sun which could change tbe opinion he
had formed, and several other gentlemen
were as decided in tbeir answers as was
Keene.
During the examination ef the talcs
men the following statement was pre
pared by Guiteau and copied by his
brother and given to the press:
To the Legal Profeion of America :
1 am on trial lor my lite, t lormeriy
practiced law in New York and Chica
go and l propose to taKe an active part
in my defense as I know more about my
inspiration and views in tbe case than any
one. My brotber-in-law, ueo. scoville.
Esq., is my only counsel, and I hereby
appeal to the legal profession of Ameri
ca for aid. I expect to have money
shortly, so I can pay them. I shall get
it partly from the settlement of an old
matter In New York and partly from
the sale of my book, and partly from
contributions to my defense. My de
fense was published in the New York
Herald on Oetolier fllh, and in my
speech published November 15th.
yesterday. Any well known lawyer of
criminal capacity desiring to assist in
my defense will please telegraph with
out delay to Geo Seovillo, Washington,
D.C.
(Signed) Chas. J. GcrrEAn,
In the court at Washington, Novemlier
ICth, 1881.
T. Heinlein, an iron worker, was
sworn as tbe
eleventh juror.
There were 33 men examined between
the tenth and eleventh jurors. There
have been ten peremptory challenges on
the part oi tue defense.
Tbe next talesmen examined was C.
A. Payne, a boot and shoe munufucturcr,
who proved satisfactory to the detenne.
but was peremptorily challenged by tbe
government.
Joseph Pratber, a commission mer
chant, was accepted and sworn as the
twelfth juror.
Guiteau' Address
Wasuinotom, D. C, Nov. 14. Tbe
following is a synopsis of an elaliorate
address which tiuiieau bod prepared
for delivery upon the opening of the
court to-day :
1 have delayed in getting out a new
edition of tbis book which will include
a graphic narrative of my life, but I
think it will be issued shortly.
The question is, who was it that shot,
tbe Ueity or me ? The iJcit v seems well
disposed to father it thus iar and I ex
pect He will continue to father it to the
end. it is not likely tbat lie will al
low me to come to grief for obeying
mm.
How do yon know it was the Deity
I was so certain of it tbat I put up my
life on it, and I undertake to say the
Deity is actively engaged in my defense,
I am confident He will check the matter.
The wise heads of the prosecution I beg
then to go slow. They cannot afford to
get the ueity down on ilieiu. lie utte
ed his voice, says tbe Psalmist, and the
earth melted. This is the God whom I
served when I sought to remove the
President, and He is bound to take care
of me.
ltecently a Washington newspaper
lithographed a crumpled piece ot paper
1 had carried in my vest pocket a week
under the title of "Guiteau's Plea." It
was written at odd times, and I could
hardly read it myself, and so
TOLD THE GENTLEMAN
I gave it to, but he thought be could
read it, and took it, as he was in habte
1 next heard ol it as lithographed.
"Owing to circumstances beyond my
control I have been forced to ask his
honor to assign me counsel.
"I formerly practiced law in New
York and in Chicago in 1878. I left
good practice in Chicago and went out
lecturing, out with small success.
hod no reputation. My theological
work on "Truth" contains my theology
wrtiteu uunog a periou h nve years,
and cost a great deal of trouble, and 1
have no doubt but it is official. It left
me in reduced circumstances and I have
had no chance to recuperate my finances
since, i could have made sjuii at the
law in Chicago in 1877 and worked my
self into s good position, but had other
work to do. As I know something about
law, x propose to take an active part 1
my defense. My brother-in-law, George
scovuie, esq., or Chicago. - is an
active friend, but I disapprove of his
movements in tne case; notably, mixing
with Oneida Noyes. For twenty-live
years he was the curse of me and my
father's life. For six years I lived un
der the despotism be wielded in the
Oneida community. I expressed my de
testation oi noyes. (.tiere to lows an
indecent attack upon Pioyes.)
beovillo is developing the theory of
uercuitary insanity, which may have
AH IMPORTANT BKABLNO
in my case. Insanity runs in my faml
iy. any lamer nao two sisters and
nice in on insane asylum. He himself
was a monomaniac for twenty-five years
i . . , - . . - . . "
m.uio uoruD community, lie could
see no evil in the concern and no good
out oi it. lie thought Noyes a greater
man man ine Xord jesus Christ, lie
was rational enough nntside of the com
munity. In the idea tbat he was a lu
natic he would get greatly ex
cited in discussing it, and look and act
uae a wua man. All this lime he was
a good business man. He waa a cashier
of a bank and attended to the duties
promptly and faillifilly. Owing to him
i got into tne wneiaa comunity when
boy. Under Noyes' influence it was im.
possible la get away, and I lingered
mere six years irom ihou to imti
Since then. I have known aud cared
nothing for them. One Smith whom I
had known there had taken on himself
to write on this case, and among other sil
ly and impertinent statements lie says
i was in tne naoii or connecting my
name with tbe words as "Premier to
Kngland." Such statements are false.
My father was a freQUcut visitor to tbe
community, out never a resident there.
tie wanted to go. but my stepmother on-
posed it. 1 wua this Uoeida cominuni
ty business to pass into oblivion.
My ex-wiie has been summoned bv
the prosecution. Our marriage was
premature. I only knew her ten weeks
aoa . , . r.
. WIS WEAK MARRIRD,
on ten hours' notioe. She was a person
i nau no business to marry, we were
m trried in 1869 and separated in 1871
and divorced in 1874 without issue
waa practising law then, and we lived at
hotels and boarding bouses. 1 know
little about her since 1873. I under
stand she married well four years ago.
and ia living in Colorado. . ' ,
1 have been strictly virtuous for six or
seven years. I claim to be a gentleman
and a christian. 1 have beea in lail
since July 2d. I .. have borne tar eon
nnemroi patiently and . quietly, know-
idz nr Tisuicsuuu wouia come. I wcc
have I been shot at and came near be
ing shot dead, bnt the ford kept me
n armless, lice tne Hebrew children ' in
the ncry larnace. not a hair on my
bead has been singed, because the Lord
whom I served when I sought to remove
the president nas taken care or me. I
have been kindly treated by the iail offi
cials ana nave no complaint to make.
Letters have been intercepted both ways
A V 1 - t . ae A
mm a iuk uxu a u usui recently
from reporters and newspapers, which I
consider illegal and Impertinent. Cer
tain parties whom! have not named have
been greatly DenenuM nnaaciaiiy or my
inspiration, and I am going to ask them
DRY COODS.
This month in
Oloaks,
and JACKETS, at
Old Reliable firm of
D. THOMAS & CO.,
at the very lowest prices.
to contribute to my defense. I have no
right nor wuh to ask my lawyers
TO WORK FOR NOTHING.
There are hundreds of persons who
are and will be heni-nited financially by
tne new administration. They are an
indebted to me for tbeir positions from
the president down. I confidently ap
peal to ibem and tbe pub
lic al large to send me money for my de
fense. Monev ran be sent nuu-tlv bv ex
press, withholding tbe name if you wish,
to George Scoville, Washington, D. C.
It will be sacredly used for my defense.
Certain politicians teem perfectly wil
ling to fatten at the public crib, on
my inspiration, but they pre
tend to be horrified out of tbeir
senses by the late president's death,
and want nothing to do with mc. Tbey
say I am a dastardly assasin. The word
assassiu grates on my mind, and yet
some people delight in using it. Why
am I an assassin any more than the man
who shot another during the war? In
my cose tbe doctors killed tbe late Presi
dent and not me, so tbat there is not
even a chance for suicide iu this case.
The President was simp'y
SHOT AND WOUNDED
by an insane man. Tbe man was in
sane to law, Ix-cause it was God's act
and not his. There is not tho first ele
ment of murder in this case. Two ele
ments must exist.
First An actual homicide.
Secoud Mnlicc.
There is no homicide in this case and
therefore no malice, in law. Admitting
that the President died from the shot,
which I deny, as a matter of fact, cir
cuinstauces attending the shooting
liquidate tbe presumption of malice
either in law or in fact. I am a patriot.
To-day I suffer bonds as a patriot
Washington was a patriot. Grant was
a patriot. I sutler in bonds as a patriot
because I hod inspiration and nerve to
unite the great political party to the end
that the nation might be saved an
other war. I say tbat tbe bitterness
in the Republican party last spring was
uecpemng bour by hour, and tbat with
in two or three years, or h-HS, tbe nation
would have been in a civil war. In the
presence of death all hcarU were hushed.
Contention ceased for weeks. Tbe heart
and brain of the nation cenU-ml on the
sick man at the white house. At last
be went lice way of all flesh. Tbe nation
was a house of mourning. a newspa
pers c-bango from Guiteau, the assassin.
to Guiteau, the patriot. 1 appeal to the
Republican party, and c-xpct-ially the
stalwarts, of whom 1 am proud to be
one, tor justice. I appeal to the Presi
dent for justice. 1 um tbe man tbat
made him President. Without my in
inspi ration ho was a political cipher.
I was constantly with him iu New York
last fall, and he and the rest of our men
knew it was all we could do to elect our
tkket. He will give Ibo natipn the
finest administration ever had. I appeal
to the district attorney and his learned
associates for justice, 1 beg they go slow;
mat they do uo injustice to the lieity
whose servant I was when I sought to
remove tbe late President."
J tin and Mae How Chandler Failed in
Cunnnuauou
Washington, Nov. 13. A dispatch
from this city to the New l ork Hun
says: "There is a curious complica
tion," said a well-informed ex-politician.
"about the JnocYeagh-Ulaine imbroglio
in the cabinet, commencing with the ap
pointment oi w. tj. Chandler as bolict
tor-Ueneral. J bat thing, as you may
not know, was nrraned between (Jar-
field and Maine even before MacVeagh
was selected for the cabinet. Tbe ob
ject was to have Chandler where he
could look after the Grant and Conkling
people and checkmate any scheme they
might have. It was not precisely what
uuanuicr wisuca, uut he consented
MacVeagh first beard of Chandler's ap.
pointmcnton bis arrival at Washington
one morning from Philadelphia, and bis
finirit tvMEAtnfh liicrliikat nilf.li T Wi v ! , i
directly to the White House, lie lenianif-
ed ot uarbeld what it meant. JNo man
was ever in a more beligerent frame of
mind than MacVeagh was then. Gar
field was not prepared for such an ex
hibition, and ws not successful in his
attempt to mollify the attorney general,
wno. unwashed, and wun satchel in
hand, was tbe most earnest individual
tbe president had seen. He did not
stop to mince things, and. telling Gar
field what he thought would become of
his administration with such goings on
informed the president he could have
bis resignation then and there: but he
would make things hot which ever way
ne aeciaexi.
"Old boy said Garfield, 'let ns sit
down and talk about it.' This you
know was Garfield's way. Probably
there are hundreds of persons who leel a
pride in having been tamiiiariy slapped
on tho uie shoulder and caned my old
boy by Garfield. It generally went a
great way, out not with Mac Veagn. lie
was in no sucn humor, evincing a
disrespect for that sort of thing, he atdo
ed uarueid what he was going to do
about it, as he was ready to take the re
turn train if that was his will.
"It enJed in an understanding that
MacVeagh should stay and fight Chand
ler, ii ne could prevent his continua
tion it would be all right, Garfield agree
ing that nothing should ue done to put
uuanaier through.. I he ngni snouia be
between Alacvcagb and Chandler.
"After Garfield explained that this
course was tbe alternative for withdraw.
ing Chandler's name outright, which
would have made things disagreeable.
as MacVeagh. relishes a ngbt. esuaciaily
if it be, or seems to be with the presi
dent of the United States, the secretary
oi state, or some other high personage.
he was aa tig tied. Everybody knows bow
it came out. Chandler was beaten by
one vote Dim Cameron's: a wheel
within awheel, not necessary to explain
now.
Precisely how . much Garfield cared
for Chandler is not known. Blaine's
conduct was inexplicable. When Chand
ier accepted the solicitorvbip he wasas-
surea ne need not trouble himself about
his confirmation, that would be taken
care of. But Garfield contracted with
MacVeagh to keep hands olf.and Blaine
never lifted a finger for Chandler whose
confirmation might- at any moment
have been secured had Blaine chosen to
say the word. I am not good authority
as to Chandler'a feelings now; but some
of his New Eogland friends are not en
thusiastic for Blaine. In tact, the seed
for a great - deal 'of hard feeling was
sown, and it is said to have sprouted
and to promise vigorous growth.
AS quarrels are said frequently to
make fact friendship, so it became with
uarneld and, MacVeagh. It was not
long after tbis that the atbtrney general I
to crowd Uie secretary of
hard at tbe White House. As ix-twra-n
Garfield and MaoVeagh , the latter was
py iar uie stronger willed and dominated
tbe president. Between Garfield aod
Blaine the feeling was at times such as
bodes disruption, although on the anr-
iace were was not much evidence or It
Mac Veagh unceasingly played the logo
a pan ior which he Dosaessea obvsicai
and mental qualifications and with
much promise of success till tho trag.
euyoiguiyz." ...,.'!
Ae BrBanriek-Carllaclors Cotitst on.
Detroit. Nov. 14. Cant. Chamber
lain, of the sunken steamer Brunswick.
has arrived in this city and gives the
followiog account, of the collision be
tween nis vessel ana ine scnooner uar-
lingford, off Port Col born. Saturday. I
left Buffalo at 10 o'clock Friday night,
with a cargo of hard coal, bound lor Du-
luth. It was snowing and a little thick
when we left, but at 11 o'clock at night
there was qnite a clear wind, about east-
arthaat. aeven miiea aa boar.' -At 12
o'clock the first mate. John Frazer, took
charge, and I went alter lunch. . When I
left the deck the weather was a little
hazy, although I could plainly see tbe
Dunkirk lighta, twelve miles off. I
went Into tbo cablm tcok off mv over
coat and boots, and after lunch sat down
by. the steam heater for smoke. Tfj
Dolmans
just finished my smoke and was pulling
on my boots to go forward, when my
room was violently iarred. Immediate
ly afterwards I heard the engine stop
and back. The second jar 1 suppose
was caused by tbe vessel rolling and
striking against the bow of tbe Car
lingforu. Some of us ran forward aud
found that we bad collided with a
schooner. I said to the male: "This is
a bad job, Mr. Frazer," to which he ans
wered, i es, sir; it is." tier male came
on deck at this time aud was sent below
to see where it was leaking. He quick
ly returned and said to the captain tbat
we were sinking. I saw that the men
on the schooner had lowered tbeir yawl
and could save themselves, so I headed
tbe Brunswick Tor tbe shore. 1 did not
believe at tbe time that we were Milk
ing, but I went below and fouud that
she was rapidly filling. I closed tbe
bulkhead down and set the pumps at
work. Three quarters of an hour after
the collision tbe Brunswick went down
head foremost. Seven men, including
the two mates, were in the
port boat, the two coks and
myself and tbe remainder of the crew,
eight persons in all, were to go In the
seaboard yawl. The boats were boii-u-d
aud swung out on davlty and some of
the men remained on deck to push her
ofl. We all had on 1 ife preservers except
myself. As the steamer sank she s liietl
to me as being broke into. . Hue took a
sudden lurch to the starboard and rolled
over the yawl. Mr. Franco mb, the en
gineer, who was on deck shoving the
yawl out, seemed to get jammed between
the cabin, as I never saw him after she
went over. I let loose the stern yawl
but Rood did not unhook his eud so the
fawl was taken down with the steamer,
thought tho yawl would come up
again and told the cooks to hang to their
stats ; they did, and I never saw lliem
again. I wett down a great distance
before I let go, and when I did let go
I thought 1 would never get to tbo
top again. When I came up I caught
on to some pieces of tbe wreck
and was picked up by tbe port lioat and
with others taken to Dunkirk. When I
reached land I was so much exhausted
that I had to be carried ashore. Capt.
Chamberlain states that he Icurued tbe
following facts concerning the accident
from members of tho crew : The Bruns
wick was heading west southwest, and
the schooner seemed to head about
northeast by east. She was shuwinghcr
green light when she was reported by
tbe watchman. Tbe mate said to Uib
wheelman: "Stabboard your wheel.
We will go under her stern." This course
was pursued for sometime wheu tbo
watchman called out to the mule, Mr.
Frazer, that the schooner was comiug in
stays. "Port your wbet l, then." called
out tho mate, then looking at the schoon
er through hia glass, he said no, to keep
her to stabboard as there was no time to.
port. Before any other move could bu
rn ad e the collision occurred. The fact
that the schooner lu fled when immediate
ly ahead of the steamer would seem to bo
borne out by the fact that she was show
ing her green light on her starboard side,
yet she was struck on her port side.
John Frazer, the mate, is an experienced
sailor, having had command of several
of the largest steamers, including the
Isaac May and Mineral Rock. lie is
about CO years of age. John Franfcomb,
the best engineer, was also about sixty
years old, and has several grown up
sons. He formerly lived in Windsor,
and had been engineer on the transfer
steamer Union. Mrs. A. G. Fletcher,
the cook, was a widow and had besides
the daughter who was lost with her, a
son aod daughter, the latter being tho
wife of Captain Tucker, of the barge
Winona. The Brunswick, owned by
Chas. Ferwick, of this city, came out
last summer, and was valued at $150,000.
It was insured for $55,000 in the Phoe
nix, Lamar, of Philadelphia, under
writer. .
An Important Deeloinn on a Rait Broogbt
to iteeover lur uuuas isurx a.
Washington, Nov. 15. The supreme
court rendered an opinion to-day of in
terest to fast freight lines and shippers
of goods, in the case of the St. Louis In
surancc company vs. the St. Louis. Van
dal ia, Terre Haute and Indianapolis rail
road company. This was a suit brought
by tbe St. Louis insurance company, as
signee of Mier fc Co., to recover tbe
value of certain cotton shipped at St.
Louis in 1873, for Liverpool, under
agreements between Meir & Co. and the
fast-freight line known as tbe Erie and
Pacific Dispatch. The cotton was ship
ped by the Dispatch over the Vandalia
line, then the lines of the
Pittsbnrg, Cincinnati and St. Louis, the
Atlantic and Great Western and tbe Eric
railroad company. It was burned at Jer
sey City while In tbe custody of tbe Erie
railroad company. -The Vandalia line
did not execute a bill of lading, but
wavbilled the freight from St. Louis to
Indianapolis, and there delivered it in
good order to the Pittsburg, Cincinnati
and St. Louis company. . The main
question presented by the case is wheth
er the Vandalia line was responsible for
the safety of the cotton after delivered
to another carrier. This liability was
asserted by tho owners of the property
in question, upon the ground that it ami
other railroads bad an arrangement with
the Erie and Pacific Dispatch, and with)
each other, which although rale waa
established for the whole route, such
an arrangement, it : was contended,
made the railroad companies paitnera.
As to the' , third persons, this
court does not decide wheihor
tbe Vandalia line could or could not
take the benefit of a special exception in
the bill of lading given by the Erie and
Pacific Dispatch to Meir & Co.. bnt as
sume! for the purposes of a decision
that Weir & Co. were not bound under
the proof by aay special terms which
tbat instrument contained; tbe court
then holds that a mere decision estab
lishing through rates by tbe railroads
among themselves on the basis or dis
tance only (each road bearing the ex
penses of its own rate and of transporta
tion over it). Is not of itself sufficient to
make these roads partners to bind any
i-ne of them, as by a special contract to
transport the . cotton beyond its own
lines. The Erie and Pacific Dispatch ia
liable' under its contracts for the Mf4v
of the cotton of the whole route, hot
each railroad is responsible for iu own
negligence. The judgment of tbe cir
cuit court is affirmed with costs:
Sobbed ot $40,000.
YotJiteerowir. O.. Nov. 15,
Baldwin, of Board man township, live
miles south of this citr tha crank -. who
created the sensation by appearing at the
demanding gold for $17,000 worth of
bonds, was robbed this morning at 3
o'clock, of between $30,000 sad $40,000
in gold. He kept his money in. aa old
fashioned safe, under the stairs, 'in the
hall-way of his residence. The party of
burglars were nve in . naniuer. r our or
them gained admittance to the house.
The Baldwins slept np stairs and the
first intimation tbey had of tbe burglary
waa the first noise made by the blowing
open of the safe with powder. George
lewis, ttaiawini hxhs-ww, ura uiree
shots at the robbers aa they left tbe house
with the bags of gold. The burglars re
lumed a volley-, but no one on either aide
waa is In red. The robbers had previ
ously taken two of Baldwin's horses and
his best carriage from the stable and
bad them standing near the residence.
They -jumped into the bngev and es
caped, going south. Baldwin baa offered
a reward ot f l.uuu lor the recovery or
the money. It has just been learned
that the carriage was tracked down about
four miles south of Baldwin's house.
. . -:: M . . - -
farewell. Brother MacTaaca.
WasHrxoTOiT. Nov. 14. -Attoroev Gen
eral MacVeagh took forma leave of th
department of justice this morning and
will leave tbia afternoon for Philadel
phia. ....... , . .-

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