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Meade County News.
JOHN D. WEHBLE, Publisher. MEADE, KANSAS KANSAS ITEMS OF INTEREST. Assessors returns give Topeka a population of 36,782 . One Abilene dealer has sold this sea son nearly 1150,000 worth of threshing outfits.-' V. J." Bryan announces that he will make one speech in Kansas in Septem ber or October. Henry Bell, a farmer of Coffey coun ty, was accidentally killed while hand ling a target rifle. Fred Lindsay,' an Atchison boy, 13 ;years old, ran a rusty rake in his foot, lie died of lockjaw. " James F. 'Whitney is serving his elcv- -enth term of two years each as county cleik of Pawnee county. Chas. M. McCready, of Humboldt, is in Japan for the Standard Oil company, drilling for oil and gas. Mrs. Maria Hopkins, of Solomon, is dead at the age of 93. She had lived in Dickinson county 30 years. There is a boom in church building in central and western Kansas. Par sonages are being fixed up also. Wm. Birch, near Scottsville, lost wheat stacks by fire which were esti mated to contain 2,000 bushels. Harper Zerfoos has been held for trial for the murder of D. A. Coats, the operator who was killed at Winfield. 3The imported harvest hands are now .leaving the state in droves, in some i taking command of freight trains. Decatur is the only county which has settled in full its account with the state for seed grain loans of 1891 and 1895. It is believed that Sumner county las produced 6,500,000 bushels of wheat of excellent quality testing from 58 to 1 pounds. The Central Branch has started out from Atchison its weed burner. The machine uses from 100 to 150 gallons of crude oil per day. A woman of Severance, whose hus band used beer, took a baby carriage full of stones and broke all the win dows in Turner hall. Adam Bickle, near the south line of Saline county, lost 20 stacks of wheat by fire. Fire started from a passing engine.. No insurance. "Wichita and the Orient railroad offi cials have closed a bargain which is to make Wichita a division point and lo cate there the general shops of the line. Miss Jean Creighton, of Wichita will go to Paris, expenses paid. She won it as a prize for securing the largest list of . subscribers in a given time to The Endeavor World. - - Charles Wheeler, of McPherson coun ty, is said to be one of four heirs of his brother, Francis Turner Wheeler, of Chicago, who made his fortune of 82, 000,000 in the manufacture of paper bags. Wheeler is dead. A strike occurred at the Lanyonville smelter. All the yard men stopped work. About 200 men quit because they did not like a change that had been made of their boss. This may cause a closing of the works. Work on the new cell block at the Hutchinson reformatory is going on rapidly. The board of managers have let contracts for new cell doors, for an iron roof, banisters, individual water tlosets in cells and for material for clothing. Mr. Oebel, of Andale, Sedgwick county, is feeling good over two fine crops already made, alfalfa and wheat, and good prospects for a like fine crop of corn. He is confident that the corn crop when husked out will surprise those who have been crying drouth. The returns this year show that Kan sas has 2,111 more pianos, 724 more silver watches, 2,792 more gold watch es, .12,832 more carriages, 14,994 more wagons, 16,445 more mules, 1,203,453 more cattle and 146,053 more horses than last year. A member of the sanitary board -informs the executive department at To peka that the Texas fever epidemic in Chautauqua county is under control. The Kansas Midland station at Loraine was assaulted by burglars. The agent drove them away with his pistol. It is thought one burglar was hit. The legislature appropriated 85,000 for Governor Stanley's contingent fund for the fiscal year, ending June 30. He used only 83,000 turning back into the general revenue fund 82,000. Rev. J. M. Sullivan died at Baldwin July 14. He was financial agent of liaker university, and had been chap lain of both houses of the legislature. He served in the Mexican war and in the civil war. The Central Coal and Coke company has followed the lead of the Mount Carmel company to pay for mining on the mine run basis instead of screen basis and the suits against the coal companies are likely to be dropped, as the other companies will likely comply with the law. The legislature appropriated 86,000 for state printing for the fiscal year ending June 30. Of this amount, S5.03S.57 cents was used. The balance 696i.43, was turned back into the gen eral revenue fund. Smith county farmers kill chinch bugs by cutting a row or two of corn which is green and making small piles around the outside of the standing corn. The stalks ferment and chinch bugs greedily eat it and die. The disease spreads over the field sad fin iths the bugs. Governor Barnes, of Oklahoma, visits Geuda Springs. The premium list for the street fair at Salina foots up over 81,800. Kinsley is to have a new elevator with a capacity of 10,000 bushels. The Halstead flouring mill made 100,325 barrels of flour during the last year. Bock Island surveyors are at work on a line from Liberal to Clayton, New Mexico. Another large gas well near Iola is expected to run ten million cubic feet a day. Charles Sullivan, of Meade county, gets three months in jail for tampering with jurors. Galena has lost two large frame stores by fire; loss more than covered by insurance. English army officers are inspecting horses at the horse yards, in Bismark Grove, Lawrence. 3 Miss Lillian E. Hall has been ap pointed by the governor,' coroner of Cowley county. Fifty-five tourists' tickets to Colorado were sold at the Wichita ticket offices in one day .last week. An Iola baker and confectioner is in jail for selling liquor and his creditors have closed in on him. It develops that there was another man of the same name as Rev. James, who will get the millions. John P. St. John, it is said, has pur chased a home in Independence, Mo., and will move his family to it. Postoffices in eastern Kansas cashed many money orders sent to families by men who were working in harvest fields further west. Budolph Hatfield and Colonel Hois ington were the speakers at the laying of the corner stone of the 825,000 high school at El Dorado. A train stopped between Kinsley and Offerle and the train crew and passengers fought fire in a field of shocked wheat, saving it. Miss Morrison, of El Dorado, is held for murder in the first degree, without bail, for the killing of Mrs. Olin Castle. She was taken to the Wichita jail. The public generally, at El Dorado. holds the opinion that the motif of the murder of Mrs. Olin Castle by Miss Jessie Morrison, was infatuated jeal ousy. Dr. Thomas Cooper, of Kansas Citv. a traveling salesman for a publishing house, was found dead in his bed in a Wellington hotel. Death was caused by morphine. Vol Webber, of Clay county had wheat which tested 64 pounds. He had hauled and sold 5,500 bushels of old wheat just before commencing to haul his new crop. Wheat is pressing- hard on the Dower of the railroads to move it. Indica tions are that the high prices being paid for wheat will cause earlier sale of a large part of the crop than usual. All Hallows academy in Wichita, in charge of Catholic sisters, has become so crowded with young lady dudHs that those interested have decided to build an addition to cost at least 815, 000. A carload of cantaloupes, the first of the season, has been shipped from Moorehead, Labette county, to Boston by express, at charges of 8800. It is expected that the load will sell there for 82,400. M. F. Angel came from Chicago to Wichita, where he lived 43 years ago, for the sole purpose of paying a debt to a dentist which he contracted when he lived there. Ten dollars settled the debt and Angel's railroad fare was 820.60. During a thunder storm Mrs. Herschel Garr, of Montgomery county, was thrown from a horse and run over by a harvester and seriously injured. C. V. Eskridge's life insurance amounted to about 835,000. A sale of the Emporia Republican, Governor Eskridge's paper, is desired by his children. Montgomery county levied a two mills tax for the support of the county high school. An appropriation of 8200 was made for the library and 8200 for the laboratory of the school. The old settlers of Reno county will hold a reunion on August 2. The total assessed value of taxable property together with the amount of state taxes to come from each county is published. Shawnee leads with 814,535,084 in valuation and 879,941 in taxes; Wyandotte stands 814,510,413 valuation and 879,806 taxes. Leaven worth and Sedgwick each have over 89,000,000 taxable property, the first slightly in excess of he- latter; Cowley, Sumner and Reno next with over 86, 000,000 each. E. L. Shaffer, steward of the Topeka insane asylum, had his leg broken in two places while making a slide in a ball game. Judge Herrick has decided that the bond election for the purpose of the purchase of the Wellington electric light plant was faulty, which invali dates the entire issue. , The Santa Fe is endeavoring to have all its freight cars equipped with safety couplers by August 1, the date fixed by regulations of the interstate commerce commission. Edward Miller, of southern Reno county, was killed while oiling a thresher which was running. His leg slipped into the cylinder. John Baxter, of Dickinson county, gave an acre of land and the school district built an 8S00 school house .on it. The deed was not recorded before the farm was mortgaged,the mortgage was foreclosed and the new owner re-, fuses to acknowledge the gift, and pro poses to make a dwelling out of the school house. The district has applied to th courts for relief, nil Conger's Message And After News Anent Yuan Sfrih Kai THE CAUSES OF REJOICING. Washington, July 23. Secretary Hay had been prepared for the news from Minister Conger by a dispatch from Consul Gen. Goodnow at Shang hai telling of the transmittal of Con ger's message. Mr. Wn appeared at the state department directly fter Goodnow's message was received. Mr. Wu came tearing through the streets in his autimoble, having left his break fast unfinished. Throughout the day the Conger mes sage remained the absorbing topic of discussion. Secretary Hay was con gratulated on the success of the steps he had taken to open up communica tion between Pekin and Washington, for, while the chancellories of the world stood hesitating and inactive, he had adopted a course which had brought a message from our minister. The Chinese minister, Mr. Wu, shared also in the universal approbation of what had been done. He seconded Mr. Hay's effort from the outset, and it is due to the official machinery set in motion by him that the communica tions were got through. A message from Consul Fowler that General Yuan Shih Kai, governor of Shang Tung province, reported that the Chinese authorities were doing all in their power to put down the insur rection, is exceedingly welcome intel ligence. It not' only confirms the theory of the state department that the position of the Chinese government is correct, but is assumed to indicate that Yuan Shih Kai has thrown the weight of his influence on the side of the government. Yuan is considered one of the ablest, if not the ablest, general in China. He has, according to a statement made by Lord Charles Beresford to a prominent state depart ment official when he was here last fall, the best drilled and equipped army in China under his command. Some doubt was entered as to which side he would ally himself in the pres ent insurrection and the fact that he appears to be on the side of the gov ernment is accepted as evidence that his best judgment is that lrince Tuan's rebellion is destined to fail. Discord Stories Overdone. Washington, July 21. In the ab sence of direct news from China attention was directed mainly to the more or less speculative stories emana ting from European capitals indicative of discord among the powers. It is realized that these little ebullitions of mutual suspicion always characterize allied movements, and so are to be expected in the present case. It can be stated that so far as official record discloses, there is absolutely no ground for them. Russia, a power more than any other under suspicion in these stories, has not been backward in assuring the state department of the coincidence of Secretary Hay's declara tion with Russia's purpose in China. Wichita's Strike Settled. Wichita, Kas., July 20. The strike on the new Missouri Pacific depot in this city has been settled. The con tractor has agreed to adopt the union scale of wages, union hours ane to em ploy none but members of the union. Massacre at Tal Yuen Fa. London, July 20. According to a dispatch from Shanghai to the Daily Mail, a massacre occurred on July 9, at Tai Yuen Fu, capital of the province Shan Si, forty foreigners and a hun dred native converts being killed. No Extra Session Antieipated. Washington, July 21. A member of the cabinet is quoted as saying that neither the fact, if it so develops, that our legation is murdered, and that it was done by the connivance of the government, would necessitate a special session of congress. He said that if Russia has been attacked over the Si berian line it would complicate mat ters, but that "we have have nothing to do with that; it would be between those two governments. Besides, we do not know the facts." To Make Up Oar Quota. Washington, Jnly 20. The position of the administration is described by a prominent official as one of waiting. Authentic and reliable news of the situation in Pekin is expected soon. Until it arrives nothing remains to be done but to mobilize and push forward the troops and marines selected to make up our quota of the 80.000 soldiers which the commanders at Taku have decided are, necessary to hold Tien Tsin and insure the success of the for ward movement on Pekin. Tflej Refused to Strike. Dayton, O., July 23. Six unknown persons assaulted Calvin Phebus, aged 60, and his son, Eugene, aged 25, and then beat them into insensibility. During the melee the elder Phebus shot one of the aesailants, who was removed and secreted by his compan ions. Joseph Kiser was also assaulted and may die from his injuries. The attacks ars the outgrowth of the strike at the Callahan Machine Company, the men assaulted having refused to join a strike. Troops Remain In the Philippines. Washington, July 21. There will be no further withdrawals of troops from the Philippines for service in China. That is the policy determined upon and that will be adhered to. General MacArthur's dispatches on the necessity of retaining there all the troops save those already under orders are clear. It would be unsafe to take any more away. No development in the situation is apprehended such as will call for a change in this policy. CONGER HEARD FROM. Cypher Dispatch Received In Washing-ton Yesterday. Washington, July 21. A cypher cable dispatch was received yesterday by Minister Wu from Ambassador Con ger in Pekin. It was written in the state department cypher, and was taken at once by Mr. Wu to Secretary Hay. It says: "In British Legation. Under con tinued shot and shell from Chinese troops. Quick relief only can prevent general massacre." The message is not dated, but it is understood was sent from Pekin on the 18th. Secretary Long has sent the follow ing cablegram to Admiral Remey: "Conger telegraphs that he is under fire in. British legation, Pekin. Use and urge every means possible for immediate relief." Secretary Lode; Very Hopeful. Washington, July 23. Secretary Long says it is a great victory for the state department of the United States. Every country in Christendom was employing every agency in its posses sion to obtain authentic news of the besieged ministers, and the United States is the first to give to the world authentic and absolutely reliable word direct from Pekin. There is now good reason to believe that the ministers will be able to hold out until a reliev ing force reaches them. If they have been able to stand the siege for almost a month after . the outside world had given up hope there seems no reason to fear that they will not be able to hold out a little longer. Smallpox at Cape Nome. Seattle, July 21. The Sequoia left Nome late on the night of the 3rd and brings much late news about the small pox epidemic. The pest house at Nome is full and overflowing with patients afflicted with smallpox, and the government officials are erecting two other large structures, one of which, with adjuncts, will cover an acre of ground. The disease has spread rapidly and many cases are quarantined in the tents in which they were discovered. There are at least 200 cases of smallpox in the pesthouse and around the camp, and the people are being taken dow n at the rate of seventeen to twenty a day. Excessive Heat in New York. New York, July 20. The hot weather caused or cantributed toward the death of more than 70 persons in this city and vicinity. As many more stricken ones are in the hospitals. More than half the fatalities were among babies and little children, and there are now about forty bodies of the little ones lying at the morgue at Bellevue. This was the third day of intense heat. Wednesday was the worst. Minnesota Militia. St Paul, Minn., July 21. Governor John Lind in reporting to the war de partment the militia strength of Min nesota, notified the federal government that the force was amply sufficient and' competent to protect settlers from In dians, who were reported by the news papers as restless in the northern part of the state, in case there was any use for the regular troops in China or else where. New Order for Hawaiian Malls. Washington, July 20. The postoffice department has ordered that, begin ning August 1, all mails for the Hawaiian Islands shall be forwarded exclusively to San Francisco or other American ports for despatch and that the present practice of despatching these mails via Vancouver, B. C, be discontinued. All China Drawn Into War. Berlin, July 20. The news that the Boxer movement is spreading in the southern provinces causes great anx iety here. It is regarded as confirming the views of Germans who have spent much time in China that the events in Pekin would draw all China into the movement. Reunion of the First Kansas. St. Joseph, Mo., July 20. The so ciety of the Kansas First has closed arrangements for a reunion of the reg iment at New Ulm Park, this city, on August 10. Some noted persons who took part in the battle at Wilson Creek will be present. Among them are Gen eral Powell Clayton, ambassador to Mexico, who was a capain in the First Kansas. General John A. Haldeman, now at Washingtou; Colonel O. E. Learn ard, of Lawrence; Captain W. H. Small wood, of Duluth; Colonel D. R. Anthony, of Leavenworth, noted ex Confederates will be guests of the reg iment. The First Kansas, out of 800 men in action, had 550 killed and wounded. Miss Morrison Held For Trial. El Dorado, July 23. The examina tion of Miss Morrison lasted from Tuesday until Friday, of last week. Justice Allebach held that Jessie Mor rison be held without bail, to answer the ' charge of murder in the first degree, committed upon Mrs. Olin Castle. The justice decided that Miss Morrison should be taken to the coun ty jail of Sedgwick county, where there were special provisions for the keeping of female prisoners, which the Butler county jail has not. Santa Fe Reaches Yellow Pines. Houston, July 21. The Santa Fe (the G. C. & S. F.) is to have the Gulf, Beaumont and Kansas City ' road, in eastern Texas, which with an exten sion to Conroe will give the Santa Fe an outlet to the gulf at Sabine Pass as well as at Galveston. The road taps a section of the country in which 75 per cent of the standing yellow pine timber of Texas is located, and, ow ing to the rapid growth of the demand for lumber, the property is very valuable. WSMiEDDII I Until the Constitutional Conven tion is Over With. CUBANS WANT THEM THERE. Washington, July 21. Governor Gen eral Wood called at the war office and went immediately into Secretary Root's office. He said he knew very little about conditions in China or the reason for his having been called to Washing ton. He came here in response to a telegraphic request from Secretary Root. General Wood said conditions in Cuba were quiet and favorable. General Wood spent three hours with the secretary of war. The Cuban situation was gone over thoroughly. General Wood reiterated his opinion tuat it would be very undesirable to withdraw more than the three regi ments now under orders to leave the island. The removal of the troops now under orders will reduce the American force in Cuba to a little more than 5,000 men. These, General Wood considers essential to the welfare of the island till after the coming con stitutional convention. The date for this has not yet been fixed, and about six weeks' notice will have to be given, owing to the slowness of rural com munication. The election of delegates to the convention probably will be over by October 1. The Cubans do not want the American troops replaced by native volunteers at this time, because of the opening this would make for a military dictatorship. After the con stitutional convention, it may be pos sible to reduce the insular force still further. It is understood that Secretary Root coincided with General Wood's views after the situation had been fully ex plained, and no further draft will be made on the Cuban force at present. Elks From Four States. Joplin, Mo., July 23. The Elks lodges of the states of Missouri, Kan sas and Arkansas and the territory of Oklahoma are to meet in joint session at Joplin the third Tuesday in October, These four states embrace a regular circuit and this will be. its first annual meeting. The Joplin Elks have the finest lodge room in the Southwest and one of the finest in America. The Oregon Battle Ship. Washington. July 21. The navy de partment has word from Captain Wilde that the Oregon has gone into dock at Kure, Japan, and he asks if he 6hall make a thorough work on the repairs or shall patch her plates and go on to Taku. Secretary Long replied: "If safety of Oregon permits patch and go to Taku. l commend your preference for service there. LONG." Kansas In m Nutshell. Topeka, July 23. The Santa Fe com pany has issued a neat folder contain ing the articles which appeared in Sheldon's paper over the signature of Secretary Coburn. of the state board of agriculture. Mr. Coburn says that it comes nearer being Kansas in a nut shell than any document ever publish ed. It is profusely illustrated and is very attractive. Rough Riders For China. Topeka, July 23. John Dawson, a clerk in the state treasurer's office, proposes to raise a company of rough riders in Northwestern Kansas for service in China in case of war. He Bays he will have no trouble in getting up a company. He hopes that other Western districts will organize com' panies, so that an entire regiment of Kansas rough riders can be made up. The Boxer Proclamation. London, 'July 20. A correspondent at Tien Tsin contrasts the "splendid work and splendid equipment" of the Japanese with the "inadequate sup plies of the British, German and American contingents, which are ter ribly lacking in the most obvious ne cessaries." The first Boxer proclamation has made its appearance in Shanghai. It declares that Kwan, the war god, de sires the blood of foreigners and threat ens ten plagues if the Boxer tenets are not followed and spread. Chartering; Transports. New York, July 20. The chartering of transports to carry troops to China is causing a stir in shipping circles. Fifteen Gerraa'n steamships now opera ting in the Atlantic trade, have been requisitioned as war transports and supply ships by the German empire. The United States government is ac tively in the market chartering steam ers of all nationalities on the Pacific, to act as war transports and supply ships for this country. Feel Certain of Two Facts. Washington, July 23. The state de partment is satisfied that Mr. Conger was alive on the 18th inst. This date is supplied by Consul General Good now; it may also have been in the original cipher from Mr. Conger, though the fact does not appear in the paraphrase given out by the state de partment, which is undated. In the second place it still remains the opin ion that the Chinese imperial govern ment is not encouraging, but is resist ing the Boxer movement. That St. Petersburg Story. London, July 21. The Chinese as sertions that the members of the foreign legations are still safe have been so often repeated that they are again beginning to raise hopes. Ac cording to the Daily Telegraph's St. Petersburg correspondent, however, the Rcssian government is already in possession of definite news that all the foreigners in Pekin were massacred on July 6. The Chinese minister to Rus sia has been sent away by the Russian government. , BUSINESS MEN'S lDEAeEFIRE INSURANCE Common Errors Concerning Its Rela tion to the Pnfcllc Brought Out ty the Investigation of Prominent Men in Commercial Life. The recent annual report issued by tt Insurance Commissioner of Michi gan and the veto of the valued policy law passed by the Legislature of Iowa, by Governor Shaw ot that state, have called public attention to the fact that there has been a widespread misun derstanding as to the true relations of fire insurance to public interests. Of late property owners, aroused by these statements from two eminent state officials, have been giving some thought to the subject, and the conclu sions reached are that owing to a mis conception of the functions and prac tices of fire Insurance companies, as well as to the prejudice fostered by professional politicians who play on the passions of the public, the people have been standing in their own light. As fire insurance premiums are a necessary part of the expense of ev ery sensible business man and house holder, it is but natural that the pub' lie should desire this item to be as low as possible, and that a fire insurance company should give a fair and eqult able rate. Recent investigations and study on the part of several men who pay large sums for indemnity owing to their ex tensive interests, have shown that the public is taking an entirely erroneous course in attempting to secure lower rates regardless of all other consider ations, and that every law intended to compel rate reductions has In effect caused higher rates. The public mind looks upon a lire In surance company as a corporation, iso lated entirely from any human Interest, whose sole desire Is to get as much money as possible with little trouble The vital relationship between fire in surance companies and every form of business life is unrecognized, as is Its essentiality to credit and commerce. Property to the amount of $150,000,- 000 is totally destroyed in the United States every year. If this fell entirely on the losers it would cause business paralysis in hundreds of communities. Large plants and small enterprises would be swept away, and the accumu lations and work of a lifetime would be reduced to ashes. This calamity without any means of return would affect every person dependent upon or having deal ings with these various concerns. The business man having all or a large part of his means invested in his daily interests could obtain but little credit without his fire insurance policy, his operations would be ham pered, and if his property were de stroyed by fire he would in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred be bankrupt and unable to recoup his loss. It is to prevent disaster of this kind that the fire Insurance tax is collected. A heavy loss would cripple one man, but if properly apportioned all over the country the loser can regain his feet and continue. Each property owner pays his share into the fund, and it Is distributed where losses occur. This interdependence of human life is no where so nicely exemplified. Fire Insurance companies were cre ated to assess, collect and distribute this fire insurance tax. It is a system of Indirect taxation, necessary for th successful conduct of business, and be cause the tax gathering is done by competing institutions, and Is not a government work, false Ideas as to profits on part of the companies have been widespread. - For a period of ten years (1890-1900) the companies have only made an aver age underwriting profit of thirty-sit hundredths of 1 per cent. During 1893 Even the girl who complains that she has nothing to wear can still put on airs. Paroell's Superstition. Parnell had some pet superstitions. according to his biographer, Barry O'Brien. "He would not pass another person on the stairs. He was horror stricken to find himself sitting with three lighted candles; the fall of a picture in the room made him dejected for the entire afternoon, and he would have nothing to do with an important bill drawn up by a colleague because it happened to contain thirteen clauses He also thought green a most unlucky color a strange and inconvenient feel ing for a Nationalist leader and the sight of green banners at the political meetings he addressed often unnerved him." May Come to Pass. From Harlem Life: Immigrant In spector We have information that you come over here on contract. Lord Fitsmud (indignantly) Aw-what-er-er-why, you wude, impudent fellah! I come ovah here to marry Miss An gelina Goldust of New York. Immi grant Inspector (triumphantly) Well, what's the matter with yer; ain't mar riage the hardest kind of contract? You'll have to go back. Is a Lesson In Law. One day, when the late Judge Pin ney of Wisconsin was a member of the supreme court of that state, a young lawyer who was arguing his first case began as follows: "Ancient his tory teaches us " The Judge, look ing up from the printed brief, remark ed: "Young man, Just pass over the ancient and medieval periods and be gin with the modem era." The young j lawjer was put uui ior lue nuuee, uui learned a lesson which has stood him in good stead ever since. Philadel phia Record. Quite CnsensatlonaL A Montreal paper, which has known success for twenty years, bars all sporting, dramatic and tobacco news, as well as the advertisements for the same, and will mention no sensational cases in the courts. Progressive. From the Washington Star: "This army scandal appears to be going from bad to worse." "That's so.. I didn't think there could be anything more objectionable than Gen. Eagan'a beef tin I heard his language." . they lost 1H per cent; in 189. they lost U 7-10th per cent. Nearly ,100,000,000 of cash asset? have been year by year kept as a guar anty by the companies for the protec tion of their policy holders. It might be largely swept away by conflagra tion. The risk has been great, and yet taking every, hazard into considera tion, the average earnings from under writing of American companies on their assets at riBk have been less than per cent. Banks during the same period have earned 8 per cent. it will be seen, therefore, that the fire insurance companies have been earning but a small profit for the risk assumed in the Investment. That the risk is great is shown by the fact that during the last quarter-of a century over 1,200 American fire insurance companies have failed or retired, and out of the survivors, only 32 organ ised during the same period are still ir business. Recognizing, then, that the com panies have not been bleeding the pub lic, policy holders who have been ob serving the trend of affairs see that anti-compact laws, valued policy laws and all legislation of such a nature, in variably cause higher rates because of the additional hazard, loss and expense to companies 'which has to be collected from the public . Statistics show that from 1893 rates In the United States steadily declined, while in the anti-compact law states, they continued to increase, and not until 1897 did they reach a lower per centage than in 1893. The average rate from 1893 to 1898 was $1.11 per $100 in the United States, eleven cents lower than In 1893. In states having an anti-compact law the average rate during, the same period was $1.27, or one cent lower than in 1893. Laws prohibiting companies to as sociate together to maintain fair rates have utterly failed to reduce them. After such laws are enacted, no com pany with business principles will write policies at ruinous rates. The old rates, therefore, prevail.' If com panies were allowed to associate to gether and compare their experiences: in these states, the figures might show that rates could be decreased. They cannot reduce them because they are forbidden by law to act in concert. Valued policy laws which require companies to pay the face of the policy in case of a total loss, whether the property burned is worth that amount or not. have Increased the amount of fire waste and caused higher rates, be cause the greater loss requires just that much more fire Insurance tax. When a fire company issues a policy of $10,000, for example, it does not agree to pay that amount in case of a. loss, but it does give the policy holder the privilege of protection up to that amount. If ha has that much value and it Is destroyed, he is entitled to that amount of Insurance. To compel companies, therefore, to pay the face of a policy, regardless of the value of the property destroyed, Is an incentive to crime. When a mans through misrepresentation secures $10,- uuu insurance on sa.uuu worm or goods, the valued policy law compels the com panies to pay, not the value of the property destroyed, but the amount named in their policies as the limit of -their liability. The only persons who can possibly be benefited by such laws are those who carry insurance beyond the value of their property. Rates have to be increased where valued policy laws prevail to cover increased fire waste,, in fact, it may be stated as an axiom that any law that Increases the expense of fire Insurance, or tends to increase the fire waste of this country, causes a corresponding Increase in the cost ot fire indemnity, which must be paid by people who need It. When you can drop a nickel into a phonagraph talk must be cheap in deed. Small Valoatlou. "Do you regard Silas Woodruff as; one of the Important people in Can by?" asked a summer visitor, referring, to a member of the state legislature whose home was in the little town. "L hear he can talk up to the folks on politics." answered the Canby farmer to whom the question had been ad dressed, "so I reckon he'3 some use to the state, mebby; but in Canby we don't count him of any more value than a couple of rods of side hill."- Youth's Companion. Hard to Take. "Jim, the loss of that $5 is like a. barbed-wire fence." "How's thai?" "Hard to get over." Boston Commer cial Bulletin. Chnrch Divorce Laws. The lower house of the convocation! of the church of England has passed a resolution declaring that the law of the church does not recognize divorce, and asking the bishops to devote themselves to securing action of par liament to the end that the church, shall not marry divorced persons. Aoi"s Bargain. In 1803 John Jacob Astor bought two pieces of. farm land on the side of New York city and paid for them $23,000. They are now worth about $5,000,000, while the Astor family ha collected in these 95 years some $10,- 000,000 of rents from them. - One of Them. Mv dauehter " said the father, "has always been accustomed to all the lux uries of wealth." "Yees," replied the count, bristling up, "rat ees what I am." Philadelphia North American. '. Address Wanted. a well-known firm of London music? publishers received a few days ago a letter from the organist of a church in New London. Conn., preferring the following request: "Would you kind ly inform me how a letter will reach Mr. Ben Johnson, author, of song words. "Drink to Me Only With Thine: Eyes?" London Chronicle. . ; ' 'ranee's National Debt. " ' The national debt of France is the largest in the world-upwards of $6 -000,000,000, about $116 per capita. This debt has not been reduced recently