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HEADE COUNTY NEWS
Agnea Wehrle, Ed. ! ' HEADE, II I I KANS. , 8UBSTITUTE8 FOR BREACH In various parts of the world, the Crer elksses consume little or no Ml. Baked loaves of bread are practically unknown In portiona ol outhern Austria and Italy, and throughout the agricultural districts of Roumanla, say a the London Stand ard. Austrian aver that In the vil lae of Oberstelrmark, not very far from Vienna, bread ia never seen. The staple food ia ateri, a kind of por ridge made from ground beech nuts, taken at breakfast with fresh or cur dled milk, at dinner with broth or fried lard, and at supper with milk. The dish is also called helden, and Is substituted for bread, not only In the Austrian district mentioned, but In Carlnthla and other parts of the Ty rol. Northern Italy offers a substi tute for bread In the form of Polenta, Nrhlch la a kind of porridge made of boiled-grain. Polenta Is not, however, kilo wed to granulate like Sootch por ridge or the Austrian sterz. It is in stead boiled Into a solid pudding, which Is cut up and portioned out with a string. It Is eaten cold as often as It is hot, and Is In every sense an Italian's dally bread. There Is a variation of polenta called mams Ilga, the favorite food of the poorest classes in Roumanla. Mamaliga re sembles polenta inasmuch as It Is made of boiled grain, but It is unlike the former in one respect the grains are not permitted to settle into a solid inass, but are kept distinct after the fashion of oatmeal porridge. Some people do not like cats. That la up to them probably they have a reason. Other people don't like dogs, and such also -may be looked upon with charity. The other day, we are told, a dog with a broken chain came back to Its Pittsburg home carrying In his mouth the trousers and cap of his 11-year-old master. The dumb brute thus attempted to notify the parents .that the boy had been drowned. So the father of the family followed the dog back to the Allegheny river, where he found the rest of his son's clothing and the rest of that dog's broken chain! The dog had not freed himself from that chain In time to res ue the boy, says the Cleveland Plain Dealer. But the strong link, snapped In twain, showed that the brute had tried, superhumanly, to do so. That dog had not been in time to drag his little master out of the water but the lhalf of that little master's clothing in the dog's teeth showed how sincere the struggle had been. Some people do not like cats. Others do not like dogs. But there are are animals for Instance, dogs that are likeable. They may not succeed In being hu man but they try! An old man arrested In Cincinnati on the charge of vagrancy told the judge when his case came to trial that he had a business which enabled him to make a living. "What is it?" asked the Judge, and the old fellqw answered, "Bleaching sparrows." Then he explained. He catd he was in the habit of catching sparrows and paint ing them with peroxide of hydrogen, which changed the color of their leathers, so that he was able to sell (them for canary birds. Perhaps he la pot the only man In the world who is apable of this villainy. It may be wise for everyone purchasing canaries to adopt the precaution of hearing them sing before paying for them. 1 Kidney beans we have all heard of; kidney feet" seem to be peculiar to Pittsburg, says the New York Sun. A physician there says Pittsburg Is more blessed, or cursed, with them than any other town. Pittsburg men are flat-footed. We suppose the in habitants of that city find it hard to stagger along under the weight of all the things that are said of poor Pitts hurg, and the burden breaks down the arches of their Insteps. The "pushmoblle," which has taken possession of Cbloago all at once, Is an Ingenious device whereby a boy with an old pair of roller skates can make them cover 60 times as much apace as heretofore on the cement aidewalks. In the news columns of the pa pers appears a story about a Massa chusetts girl who carried a live lis ard In her stomach for a long time, and reading the dispatch reminds ua that this is the first time that story has been printed this season. A Chicago minister says there art not enough husbands to go around, and that old maids are heroines. Bui the name of this champion of abused eplnsterhood will be lost when the name of its traducer is still allvt enough to be anathema, for such Is the way of the world. .;, The half-sister of an English duk is to appear as a danceif Vn New York "'The peerage has certainly fallen or 'hard times. .1 "THEY ARE GOOD AkrYbfrlVejtiO (With acknowledgments to the late Homer Davenport.) BAY STATE ROUSED GOOD REASONS TO EXPECT A WIL80N VICTORY THIS YEAR . IN MASSACHUSETTS. REPUBLICANS IN THE DUMPS Their Party Is Split Wide Open By Third Term Movement and Demo crats Are Keenly Alive to Their Opportunity to Win. In his trip through New England Governor Wilson was everywhere re ceived with vast throngs and every evidence of good will. The impression he made justifies the hope that No vember will show that he has brok en the Republican Bolldlty of the northeastern corner of the country. There is, however, more substantial reason than crowds and clamor for expecting the addition of some of the New England states to the Democratic column. Governor Fobs of Massachu setts, has been elected twice in suc cession and is well enough satisfied with the prospects to make the race a third time. The primaries held In that state showed keen Interest among Democrats and discouragement and decline among the Republicans. At the primaries for governor 99,422 Democrats and 97,526 Republicans voted. Here Is a state has has beep supposed to be rock-ribbed in its Re publicanism where more Democrats than Republicans took part In the primaries. The significance of this fact is greatly increased by comparisons with last spring and last year. The presi dential preference vote in April was taken before Governor Wilson had been selected, and before the break in the Republican ranks had occurred. It seemed to be haVdly worth while for Democrats to take the trouble to express their preference. Only 28,000 did so, while 171,000 Republicans ex pressed their preferences for the pres ident or Roosevelt. But Wilson's nomination has aroused the hope of every Democrat In the country, while the third party movement has para lyzed the Republicans'. At the state primary the Demochats cast nearly four times as many votes as at the presidential preference primary, and the Republicans cast less than three fifthB. Not leBs Interesting Is the compari son between last week's state primary and the primary of last year. The to tal vote this year Is about 16,000 greater than the primary vote a year ago. This Increase is made up of a Republican loss of 15,017 and a Dem ocratic gain of 31,378. Applying those percentages of gain and loss to the presidential vote of 1908, the Demo crats would nearly carry Massachu sets over the united Republican party, and the party Is split from top to bot tom by the third term movement. Colonel's Trust Program. Col. Roosevelt denies that his trust program was formulated by men Inter ested in trusts, but the country has a distinct remembrance of the- time when George W. Perkins announced his retirement from the firm of J. P. Morgan & Co. and outlined a plan for the regulation of trusts In all essen tials like the Roosevelt plan. It was while the colonel's administration was framing up the notorious Standard Oil "dissolution." That Invisible Empire. "The transaction itself and the whole alliance between Mr. Penrose and Mr. Archbold and Mr. Penrose's actions In connection therewith are a startling example of the workings of that Invisible empire to whose reign we intend to put an end." That invisible empire in which Mr. Roosevelt aud Mr HajTlman worked! That Invisible empire which Included MX, R6osevelt and George. W. Perkins of the harvester trust and "the Mor gan Interests that have been so ENOUGH FOR ME." WILSON PLEASES THE PEOPLE Governor Is Making the Kind of Cam paign That Is Sure to Win. Gov. Wilson Is making the sort of campaign that wins. He is making the sort of campaign which proves not only that the party has a good candidate, but that tha country will have a good president. Gov. Wilson has shown a dignity, a fairness, a sincerity which has gain ed the confidence of the people wher ever his words have reached. Gov. Wilson is the reverse of a spec taucular grand-stander. Yet on his western trip he has had by odda the largest audiences that have gathered during this campaign. They have come, not to see a show, but to judge a man; not to pay hom age to a. self-made Caesar, but to hear and pass upon a program of national work. They have heard, they have judged, they have approved-. They have found Gov. Wilson a man whose prime desire Is not to exalt himself, but to serve the people. They have found Gov. Wilson a man who refuses to be drawn from the is sues of the campaign Into an exchange of barren personalities. They have found Gov. Wilson a man who never hesitates to say anything good of an opponent that may with honesty be said. They have found Gov. Wilson a man who respects the office of the presi dency too much to seek it by a cam paign of billingsgate. In a word, the people have found Gov. Wilson the sort of man they want in the White House. They will put him there. Tariff and Bloated Fortunes. Enough instances have been given by the Journal to show that the tariff Is the creator of bloated fortunes. The way It works is so simple that It can be put In the form of a recipe: "Get a tariff, form a trust; then pluck the public in the stock market and rob the consumer with high prices." The tariff shuts out foreign com petition, and thus offers an- oppor tunity to rob the American consumer. The trusts are formed to take ad vantage of this opportunity. They are capitalized at their so- called "earning power," which means their robbing power under the tariff. This capitalization is from two to ten times the actual investment. The watered stock thus Issued costing nothing but the printing of it is sold to the public at high prices. The promoters keep control of the trust in their own hands, that they may vote themselves fat salaries and rich perquisites. The prices of the trust-made articles are kept up to the highest notch to take advantage of the tariff and pay dividends on watered stock. Then a portion of the profits thus made is set aside for political cor ruption to keep the tariff graft from being disturbed. It is very simple when the trick Is exposed. It is very profitable to the promoters. It Is Incredibly wasteful, cruel and debauchidg for every one else. The only way to stop the accumula tion of bloated fortunes Is to cut off the tariff graft that breeds bloated fortunes. , The way to cut off the tariff graft is to elect Governor Wilson and a Democratic congress. Chicago Jour nal. friendly to us!" That Invisible em pire In which Mr. Roosevelt and Will lam Nelson Cromwell and the Panama crowd worked! We know all about that Invisible empire. A Bull Moose Killing. A party formed to further one man's ambitions cannot survive that man's defeat. Baltimore American. Well p"ut; and which is to" say that some undertaker will have the job of putting away the remains of a bull moose after November 5. ' TESTING HOGS FOR TUBERCULOSIS k NV l'V vtt V3 W 'fC , J J.Va''. s Tuberculin Test for Hogs, Intradermal Method, Showing Enlargement at Seat of Inoculation Due to Positive Reaction. (By JOHN R. MOHLER.) Tuberculosis in the human family has been lessening materially during the past 16 years, but reportB from the various meat-packing centers of the country fail to show the same encouraging condition regarding tu berculosis in hogs during the same space of time. It must be admitted that reports have come from several localities during the past four years showing a decrease in the number of tuberculosis swine sent to market, but a review of the collective records of the country at large shows an In crease rather than a decrease in the number of swine affected by this, dis ease. The small amount of money re quired to begin hog raising and the quick returns on the capital invested make this industry an attractive one to the small farmer. The hog will make a pound of gain on less feed than most live stock, and will prob ably utilize waste food products of every variety if properly prepared for him. As tuberculosis in this specleB Is chiefly acquired by indigestion, the significance of the latter statement is obvious. The vitality of hogs or their powers of resistance to disease are necessari ly lowered by the unnatural condi tions which frequently obtain In hog raising, namely, the forced feeding for fattening and the small feeding pens In vogue In certain districts. When the enormous growth of a hog is con sidered, when it is realieed that In the short space of 8 or 10 months its development is frequently 250 to 300 pounds a proportionate increase of IMPROVING PIG CROP BY JUDICIOUS FEEDS More Attention Given by Farmers to Rations and Care in Or der to Secure Profit. (By R. Q. WEATHERSTONE.) Many farmers have started out this year with the intention of doing better by their crop of pigs than they have in the past. By doing better,. I mean giving closer attention to the feed problem, and the care problem, so that the pigs when mature will have made a favorable growth at a low cost, and at the same time have de veloped strong frames, especially in the case of those pigs which are In tended to be kept for breeding pur poses. it will be well for every man who desires to bring hiB pigs through the season In good form and condition to calculate to supply some of those foods whlrh are known to have a favorable Influence on the develop ment of the framework of the pig. It is needless to say that corn alone will not serve the purpose. While it Is true that corn in conjunction with good pasture makeB a diet for the growing pigs which can hardly be Improved on, it also often happens that the pasture contains little to attract the pigs. In that case they are sure to lie around the yards and stuff themselves with grain In preference to seeking the grass and exerclBe a conjunction, which is so essential to the health and thrift of the animal. The best bbne building foods are those rich in protein and mineral mat ter. Skim milk perhaps stands at the head of the list, and it will pay to lay In some tankage, shorts and pos sibly some bone meal as well as some pure mineral matter. It cannot be expected, however, that the feeding of foods bearing large amounts of protein and mineral mat ter, such as have been mentioned, will change the conformation of any part of the skeleton or, for example, make a pig stand straight. This improvement will have to be made through selection, using no male or female that is faulty. It might, too, be urged that If care ful selection were practiced It, would be unnecessary to consider the diet, since strong boned breeding stock would naturally impress these good points on their progeny. ' On the contrary, it may be said that men have been trying for years to breed poor hogs out of their herds without giving attention to a balanced ration problem, and they are practi cally where they started. We generally find that when men feed little or no grain and do not . care to hasten the growth of , their pigs, the quality of the bone is generally- very satisfactory . - weight unknown to any other species of domestic animals tha great meta bolic changes which must necessarily occur can be appreciated. Such rapid development 1b very likely to take place at the expense of the. disease resisting powers of the animal. When tuberculosis results, the le sions usually observed are discrete and of a chronic type, at times retro gressive and at other times slowly pro gressive, as manifested by calcaerous deposits and fibrous encapsulation. It is not Infrequent, however, that a more extensive and spreading disease is seen, and the lesions indicate a se vere Infection and rapid generalization of the bacilli, which In these animals may quickly follow the initial attack. And whether the disease assumes an acute, sub-acute, or chronic type, tu berculous growths may soon be found attacking lymph glands In widely sep arated parts of the body. The Intradermal method of testing hogs for tuberculosis has given ex cellent resilts. Two drops of tuber culin prepared by evaporating away two-thirds of the volume of the tuber culin previously prepared for the sub-cutaneous tuberculin testing of cattle, is Injected Into the dermal layer of the skin near the base of one of the ears of the hog. If the animal is not affected, no change In the appearance of the ear will result, but a positive reaction will at the end of 48 hours cause a swelling near the seat of their Injection. This edematous enlargement may remain visible foplO to 12 days after the Injection in case the animal is affecteid with tuberculosis. MAINE HEN HOUSE IS ADVANTAGEOUS Feature of Structure Is Closet Form for Protection in Coltf Weather. In the curtain-front type of poultry house used at the Maine experiment Station, a feature of the original plan on which considerable stress was- laid was the canvas curtain front of the roosts. This curtain, together with the back wall of the house and the dropping board under the roost, formed a closet In which the birdB were shut up at night during cold weather. When' the curtain-front house was first devised, it was thought es sential to provide such a closet to conserve the body heat of the birds during the cold nights when the tem perature might be well below zero.' Experience has shown, however, that this was a mistake. Actual test shows that the roosting closet Is of no ad vantage, even In such a severe climate as that of Orono. On the contrary, the birds certain ly thrive better without the roost cur tain than with It It has been a gen eral observation among users of the curtain-front type of house that when the roost curtains are used the birds are particularly susceptible to colds. It Is not hard to understand why this should be so. The air in the roosting closet when it is opened in the morn ing Is plainly bad. The fact that it Is warm in no way offsets physiological ly the evils of its lack of oxygen aud excess of carbon dioxide, ammonlacaj vapors, and other exhalations from the bodies of the birds. For some time past it has been felt that the rooBtlng closet was at least unnecessary. If not In fact a positive evil. Consequently the time of begin nlng to close the roost curtain In th fall has been each year longer de layed. Finally, In the fall of 1910, II was decided not to use these curtains at all during the winter. Consequent ly they were taken out of the house, or spiked to the roof, : as the case might be. The winter of 1910-11 was a severe one. On several occasion the temperature dropped to 30 de grees below zero. During the wlhtej the mortality was exceptionally loe and the egg production exceptionally high. In view of this experience the sta tlon has decided to discontinue tht use of the roost curtain. It would seem to be generally undesirable, ot at least unnecessary. Cherries Stand Age Well. The fourth year after a cherry orch ard is planted it will begin to bear and by the time the orchard is ten U twelve years old It Is safe to fay w can pick from three to four crates ol cherries , off each tree. Fqr the nexl ten or twelve years they aro equal (r a gold mine. - . . . ... THE CHILDREN'S HEALTH i In observing the physical character Istlcs of her children, the careful moth er soon learns that health Is depend ent on the regularity of the bowels. When the bowels become clogged with the stomach's refuse, loss of appetite, restlessness, Irritability, and slmilil evidences of disorder are soon appar ent Keep the bowels regular and a healthy, happy child is assured. At the first sign of constipation tha mother should administer a mild laxa tive to carry off the congested wasta from the stomach that is fermenting and forcing poisonous gases into tha system. A simple compound of laxa tive herbs with pepsin Is highly recom mended as being very mild, yet poaU ilve, in its action, a teaspoonful at bedtime usually serving to bring an easy, thorough, natural movement next morning. This compound la known as Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin and Is sold by druggists everywhere for 50c a bottle. A larger bottle, put up especially for the family medicine chest costs one dollar. The use of salts and violent purga tives and dathartics should be avoid ed. They are too harsh and drastic, tending to upset the entire system. Write to Dr. W. B. Caldwell, 203 West St., Montlcello, 111., for a trial bottla of his Syrup Pepsin, If you have never used it He' will be glad to send 1$ without any expense to you. Adv. WHY THE FIFTH MAN LEFT He Wore a Wig and the Other Four Men at the Table W(ere Bald and Talkative. In the smoking room of a west bound -ocean liner two days out from, an English port five men sat at a "small game" of poker. When the chips had been cashed in the men re tained their places, and presently one of the party said: "That is tunny; four bald heads out of a possible five," and then there was a discussion as to the causes of baldness, In which all took part except the unaffllcted man, who was a good listener for a while. He then bade the others good night. When he had gone the young est of the group, who was less bald than the others, said: "Do you know why Mr. Blank made the getaway? He wears a wig, and is probably aa bald as any of us." And for the rest of the journey Mr. Blank's head waa the object of study at a distance for he never again appeared In the smoking room. He Knew. "'Where there's a will there's a way" avers Taylor Holmes, appear ing in The Million. "The way, how ever, varies, as in the case of a cer tain pickpocket who was convicted and promptly fined. "The lawyer of the pickpocket took the fine imposed upon his client very much to heart "'Twenty-five dollars!' he expostu lated. 'Your honor, where is this poor, unfortunate man to get $25?' "His bonor did not know, or If he did he refrained from saying so, but the prisoner was less discreet. " 'Just let me out of here for ten or fifteen minutes,' he said, 'and IH show you?"' Young's Magazine. Joke on His Clerical Brother. Two brothers named Chalmers, one a minister and the other a physician, lived together In a western town. One day a man called at the house and asked for Mr. Chalmers. The physi cian, who answered the door, replied: "I am he." "You've changed considerably since I last heard you preach," said the man, who appeared greatly aston ished. "Oh, It's my brother you want to see; he preaches and I practice." End of Famous Vessel. The Fox, the vessel in which the 1 late Sir Leopold McCllntock made his discovery of the fate of . Sir John Franklin and his companions, has beea wrecked on the Greenland coast In recent years she has been employed by the Danish Greenland authorities on coastal trips. Always the Way. "Do you think a woman can keep a secret?" "No; she always tries to syndicate If Judge. Rural Fate. "Sims never made a big bit Ha lust ploughed his way along." , "What a harrowing life!" BE Don't let a lazy liver put you in a rut" Make it ao tivekeep the bowels open, the appetite p keen and the diges tion normal by the U daily use of HOSTETTER'S n STOMACH BITTERS " IT DOES THE WORK ' ' ' 60 YEARS THE LEADER .