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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
FARMS THE SOURCE OF Careful Tillage, Good Manage ment and a Beneficent Soil. Reading the reports of the managers of the chartered banks In Canada, one is struck by the wonderful showing that they have made during the past two or three years. They are careful , In their statements, and while they attribute the success that they have met with, together with that which has followed 'other lines of business, they are careful to emphasize the fact that the condition of big business may not ontinue. On the other hand, they point out that the material and funda mental source of wealth is the farm. While other lines of business may have their setbacks, and while care and scrupulous care, will have to be exer cised to kaep an even balance, there Is but little risk to the farmer who on economic and studied lines will carry on his branch of Industry and endeavor to produce what the world wants not only today, but for a long distance Into the future, with a greater demand than ever In the past. Speaking recently before a Canadian bank board at its annual meeting, the vice president, once a farmer himself, said : "The farm is the chief source of wealth. We have now three transcon tinental railways with branches run ning through thousands of miles of the very best undeveloped agricultural land In the world. In the natural course of things, these must attract immigration. The products of the farm are now commanding the highest prices ever known, and in my opinion even after the end of the war, high prices for foodstuffs must continue to prevail With the mechanical appli ances now available for farm work, the farmer needs no considerable supply of extra capital, bnt should be helped to the extent needed upon good secur ity. The food supply of the world Is short, the demand Is likely to Increase rather than decrease. Development of mines, extension of factories and the reconstruction of devastated Eu rope must nil call for supplies for the' workers. On the whole, the farmer has been helped rather than hurt by the war, and will continue to be, at least for a long time to come." Many men of authority and Intelli gence support what the vice president has said, and their statements are borne out by the facts that readily pre sent themselves. The different grain producing countries of Europe have been robbed of the man power that de veloped their agriculture, the farms have been devastated and laid wnste. Full and complete reliance will have to be placed on the United States and Canada, and from what we see today, it will take the combined forces of these two countries to come anywhere near meeting the cry that will go out for food. The warnings and appeals sent ont by the heads of these two countries are none too soon nor too urgnt Therefore, it becomes nec essary for those who can produce to exert themselves. Secure land, rent It, buy it. Get it somewhere, some wny, and have It operated. The Canadian Government, sending out its appeal, is not selfish in this matter. Thousands of acres in the United States await the tiller's efforts, and none of it should , be Idle. Canada, too, offers wonderful advantages, with its free lands and its low-priced lands, to those desirous of helping the nation, and im proving their own condition at the game time. Many are taking advan tage of this wonderful opportunity. Advertisement f Add iHorrore of War. A friend Just phoned us, "I have Just thought of another great horror of war," he said excitedly. "Just think, it is going to take all of our chorus men away." CUTICURA HEALS SORE HANDS That Itch, Burn, Crack, Chap and Bleed Trial Free. In a wonderfully short time in most cases jhese fragrant, super-creamy emollients succeed. Soak hands on re tiring in the hot suds of Cuticura Soap, dry and rub Cuticura Ointment into the hands for some time. Remove sur plus Ointment with soft tissue paper. Free sample each by mall with Book. Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. L, Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv. Just the Contrary. "Those street organists certainly lead a lazy life." "Oh, no; lire with them Is one long dally grind." THI8 IS THE AGE OF YOUTH. You will look ten years younger i yoi darken your mgly. grizzly, gray hairs bj using "La Creole ' Hair Dressing Adv Suspicion. Mrs. Slobrbwsky What makes your hands so dirty, Jan? Have you been washing your face? It is easy for a man to get rich Quick if he meets a lot of others who want to. What a happy world this would be If people continued to act after marriage . as they do during courtship I WEALTH When Your Eyes Need Care 1 Try Murine Eye Remedy Fo Smarting Jnat Rye Comfort. 60 cent a Dra;iita or MIL Writ for VrM Hre Book. Muua n jc umox cq., cuioaqo AVERT EROSION OF BRUSH DAMS BUILT (Prepared by the United States Depart ment ol Agriculture.) Field surveys disclosed that fields with graded terraces where the grades varied were In better condition than were any having uniform graded ter races. The profiles of the grade lines of these terraces showed a tendency of the grade to Increase toward the out lets, a short distance at the upper end of the terrace being level. This pruc tico possesses much merit. The grade Is increased at intervals along the ter race to accommodate the continually augmented discharge from the increas ing size of the drainage area. A les ser grade may be used at the lower ond of a variable-graded terrace than is required for a uniform-graded ter race" of the same longth. This is due to the fact that a smaller rate of rain fall can be used, since with the lesser grade of the variable-graded terrace, the time required for the water to flow the length of the terrace is great er than for the uniform-graded ter race. Studies and calculations show that the lengths of a variable-graded ter race that can be used, for a grade of 0.5 per cent at the lower end, are 1,570, 1,280, and 1,100 feet on slopes of 5, 10 and 15 per cent, respectively, as compared with lengths of -1,210, 070, and 820 feet for terraces with a uni form grade of 0.5 per cent In laying off a terrace with variable crade, the grade should be Increased at Intervals of 200 or 300 feet and at all sharp bends where the terrace crosses a gully or depression in a field. For example, If it is desired to lay oft a terrace on a 10 per cent slope, 1,200 feet long and with a vertlcnl spacing of 4 feet, nnd the grade of the terrace Is to be changed every 800 feet, then the grades would be as follows:. Station. Grade In feet per 100 feet 0.05 .14 .27 .45 From 0 300 600 900 To- 300 600 900 1,200 It Is seen from the above thaj: the grade for the first 800 feet of terrace is almost negligible. This portion could well be laid off level. If a ter race with a uniform grade were used, a grade of 0.77 per cent would be re quired. Both practice and theory show that the variable-graded terrace Is superior to the uniform-graded type. , Outlets. Wherever possible terraces should end at natural drainage channels. The absence of a suitable drainage outlet within the limits of a field often ne cessitates ending the terraces at fence lines, depressions or draws. The vol ume of water which Is discharged from the ends of a system of graded terraces often erodes unsightly and ob jectionable ditches along the ends of the terraces to the foot of the slope. Erosion in such channels can be re duced greatly by lining them with stones or seeding them to grass. The channels and banks of graded terraces should not be cultivated for 20 to 30 feet from the outlet channel but should be permanentls sodded. Breaks commonly occur and erosion Is most active near the ends of graded ter races, owing to the usually lare vol ume of water passing. Some sort of protective covering of stones, boards or other hard material should be em ployed to prevent this washing. Where a terrace discharges Into a deep ditch a box trough Is used sometimes to give the water a free overfall Into the ditch. This prevents erosion in the terrace channel. Sometimes hilfcide ditches are con structed as outlets fpr terraces. Such ditches should have a fall two or three times that of the terraces and should be locafed so as to cross them and dis charge into the nearest available dmlnage channel. Often wooded strips of land are left in fields to afford a place for the discharge" of the water with a minimum amount of erosion. -Many of the failures of graded ter races may be attributed to Irregulari ties In grade. Breaks occur tf tea with abrupt reductions in the grade.'- This causes a piling up of the water and a consequent -overtopping of the terrace r reason of the Inability of a full AGRICULTURAL LAND AC. V .K It FOR CHECKING EROSION. channel to carry the same amount of water on a light grade as on a heavy one. With a variable-graded terrace there Is less likelihood of overtopping because the grade Is increased at short Intervals along the terrace. Again, breaks in graded terraces p. re very frequent where gullies and de pressions nre crossed and at abrupt beuds. Such breaks are due to sud den changes In the direction of flow or to a change in grade, and often to both. The usual practice of crossing depressions at a low elevation to uvold abrupt bends, results In an Increase of grade to the middle of the depres sion and a decrease beyond the mid dle. In order to avoid a break due to this diminution In grade It becomes necessary to maintain the top of the terrace at a uniform grade. This ne cessitates the building of n high and broad embankment across the depres sion similar to the one described for level terraces'. Wherever it can be done without Increasing the grade to such an extent as to cause serious ero sion, It is advisable to make the grade greater for that portion of the ter race leading away from the middle of the depression than for the por tion leading to the middle. Use of Graded Terrace. The graded terrace is adapted par ticularly for use on impervious nnd worn-out soils, and on shallow open soils with an Impermeable subsoil foundation In general, soils that are Incapable of absorbing much water. Since the object of terracing Is to pre vent erosion, and as this Is accom plished best by securing tho least movement of the surface water, It can be seen readily . that, within -limits, the cfllciency of a graded terrace va' ries Inversely with the amount of fall given to it. The greater the fall, the greater the velocity and, hence, the greater the erosive power of the mov ing water. The embankment of a graded ter race, being subjected to the erosive action of the water on its upper side, is often washed considerably, particu larly at bends. The deposit of soil In the terrace chunnel reduces both the grade and the cross-sectional area of the chan nel nnd renders the terrace extremely susceptible to overtopping during the next rain. Also the finer, lighter, nnd more fertile particles of soli remain suspended in the moving Water and are carried off the field. In such cases, by the use of excessive grades, the very cream of the soil Is lost. Where .erosion of a terrace tnkes place no attempt should be made to cultivate the terrace. It should be seeded to grass. , The result that should be attained by a system of terraces and proper farming methods has been expressed in this way: The primary object Is conservation of both solid and fluid parts of the soil through a balanced distribution of the water supply. The Ideal distribution Is attained when all the rainfall or melting snow Is absorbed by the ground or Its cover, leaving none to run off over the surface of the field or pasture; in which case the water so assorted Is retained' in the soil and subsoil until utilized largely or wholly In the making of useful crops, while any excess either remains In the deep er subsoil and rocks as ground water or through seepage feeds the perma nent streams. These conditions are fulfilled most nenrly by the horizontal1 bench terrace and the broad-base level-ridge terrace, since the movement of the water Is reduced to n minimum by both. The graded terrace lacks much in meet in? the requirements. In general It is' recommended that the broad-base level-ridge terrace be us d wherpver conditions of, soil and topography will permlt-that Is, where the- soli absorbs a' portion of the rain fall and the slopes are not too steep. Tho broad-base level-rldge terrace supplemented by efficient tile drains suitably located would afford the most Ideal method for preventing soil ero sion on' any type 6f soil. Often the yields obtained and the saving result ing from the absence of soli erosion would justify, In a financial way, the Installation of tile. WOMAN'3 CROWNING GLORY is her hair. If your is streaked with ugly, grizzly, gray hairs, use "La Cre ole" Hair Dressing and change it In the natural way. Trice $1.00. Adv. To Keep Phone Cord Straight. A new connivance described In Scientific American promises to keep the kinks out of flexible telephone cords. The device consists of "two small composition parts turning on n central spimUe, all Inclosed In two brass shells or covers. Between the two rotating parts are two ball races that serve both as fractional bearings nnd as conducing means. The cord terminals nre easily connected to the binding screws on each part, and there Is ample room for a strain knot within each shell. The freedom of the swivcl ing of the two halves eliminates the snarling of the cord." Most particular women use Red Cross Ball Itlue. American made. Sure to please. At all good groe'ers. Adv. Exactly It "They say that so many barbers mny go to the war that men will have to let their hair and beards grow." "What a barber-ous outlook V To Drive Out Malaria And Build Up The System Take the Old Standard GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know what you are taking, as the formula is printed on every label, showing it is Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron builds up the system. 50 cents. One and the Same. "Jones reminds me of a donkey sometimes." "Yes; he makes an ass of himself quite often." IMITATION IS SINCEREST FLATTERY but like counterfeit money the Imita tion has not the worth of the original. Insist on "La Creole" Hair Dressing It's the original. Darkens your hair In the natural way, but contains no dye. l'lice $1.00. Adv. New Jersey farmers report volun teer farmers unsuccessful. Russians are illicitly distilling vodka In defiance of prohibition. ANY CORN LIFTS OUT, DOESN'T HURT A BIT! No foolishness! Lift your coma and calluses off with finger It's like maglcl Sore corns, hard corns, soft corns or any kind of a corn, can harmlessly be lifted right out with the fingers if you apply upon the corn a few drops of freezone, says a Cincinnati authority. For little cost one can get a small bottle of freezone nt any drug storej which will positively rid one's feet of every corn or callus without pain, This simple drug dries the moment it is applied and docs not even irri tate the surrounding, skin while ap plying It or afterwards.. This announcement will interest many of our Readers. If your druggist hasn't any freczono tell him to surely get a small bottle for you from his wholesale drug house. adv. ' When a man begins to go down hill the law of gravitation nnd the encour agement of friends help 1dm along. Alwajn use Red Cross Bull Blue. Deliehta the laundress. At all good grocers. Adv. A lot of people nre mighty quick to throw a cover over the nuked truth. Many a man's failure Is due to his being afraid to try. aKMnaMvuuriaiajaHM -ii Net Contents ISPluid Pfaohmj ; -r-5 : mi $m f.if AtJMfi.i , "I Airx..toPiMiflrAliofi1brAS' Biiiiimuinmw -j -- . tinglhcSlnnandBovelw fecrcbyPromountDiSeSuMi, i Cheerfulness and RestGwitaitt a ... VfnrnhlnRnOT, e M F iuitTupiuiii.'i-- ' -VIIMU " Jtncbllt Scttt JIlUltSM. a 1 4 ..i'inM..vfor A nc DlUin-'""'" ifft? II LOSS OF SLEEP LOSS vr -. lac Simile 5inm--jnE-CrvTAcnCoMPfl Exact Copy of Wrapper. 111 Many Women in this Condition Re gain Health by Taking Lydia, E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. Convincing Proof of Inis FactH1;" ' a,"i ; IllFllfl I tvV II r r I! J Mrs. O. M. KniNES, Ridgwayfenn.'. Mrs. Lindscy Now Keeps IIouso Foti.Sevcn.n u -tn Tennille, Ga. "I want to tell you how much I havo been benefited by Lydia E. IlnlJiam's Vegetable Compound. About ejgntycar&qgol got in such a low state of health Iwasunabio tp lcqep, house for thijeo in the family. I had dull, tired, dizzy feelings, cold feet and, hanncarly all tho time and could scarcely sleep at alL Tin doctor saiu i had a severe case of ulceration and without an operation 1 would; aiways be an invalid, but I told him I wanted to wait awllilo."" Our druggist advised ray husband to get Lydia E. Pinkham's vcgdfcblti'tlhpound and it has entirely cured mo. Now I keep house fos seven swl work in the garden Borne, too. I am so thankful I gofc Una mqdifimQ, ,i,feel as though it saved my life and havo rccornmonded tjO.Rth&rs ftnd they have been benefited" -Mrs. W. E. LiNDSKV,,ljL R,3senill6, Ga If you want special advice wrtto to Lydia Ki PHikbami Medi cine Co. (confidential) Lynn, Mass. Your . lctteur.wUMx ope0 read and answered by a woman and hold mptrtefcwvJtyewW: A Proposal. "I do not love you," ho said. "I do not wish to hold your hand nor on braco you nor kiss you. ImIo not want to talk to you ubont tennnls, nor golf, nor suffrage, nor servants, nor where you were last summer, nor clothes. I do not wish to discuss literature, nor music, nor art with you. I do not wish to quarrel with you." "What Is your object," she inquired anxiously, "in telling me this?" "Nothing very serious," he said. "Dut considering tho situation, wouldn't It be a good Idea for us to get married?" COVETED BY ALU but possessed by few a beautiful head of hulr. If yours Is streaked with gray, or is harsh nnd stiff, you can re store It to its former beauty nnd lus ter by using "La Creole" llalr Dress ing. Trice J1.0O. Adv.- Many a housewife's idea of n bravo woman Is ono who Isn't afraid to talk back to tho cook. If a theatrical performance doesn't make n womnn cry she thinks she isn't getting her money's worth. The value of plnapples exported from Hawaii during the year ending June 30; 1915, was $0,319,000. New York state prohibits sales of tobneco to persons under eighteen years old. Children What is CASTORIA Castoria la a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregorlcj thjojps ,. and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains neither Opium,' ' Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its age fa its guarantee. ' "i For more than thirty years it has been ia constant usd for tie )u. 1 relief of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic and, piarrhoea,;, allaying Feverishness arising therefrom, and by regulating jthe ( , Stomach and Bowels, aids the assfcmlation of Food-; ' eivir' ; ' ' healthy and natural eleep. The Children's' Panacea The'1 Mother's Friend. .: rfuv i-i :. genuine CASTORIA M iBcartj the I11 Use For Over 30:1:' The Kind You Have Always Bought .It I M t) I till " in ..una Kidgway, Penn. "I suffered, from female trouble with backache andfraiti in Wilde1 foi4 over eeven months so J. could not do'anW'my Wrk:1 1 was treated by three different 'doctor ttftd' rrm getting discouraged when tny siniterlnlawitold me how Lydia E. Pinknam's.yegqtablfc Compovwd had helped her. x decided to tryit, and ifc yestord.my health, so I now do all of my.pusqworkwhjch, i3 not light aa I have a little boy tWe years, old." "vi rm in!n 'M' WlhiWn4cirr I II I VUli LI 6cr1cbudwtiitalt " " " the (linmt viraculoul afd. Cscy, tnd titnnltwtieM, of Antityphoid VicclnttJoo. Bo vaccinated NOW by ynur phvildin, you aiii ' your finally. It la motor vital thas kouM Intijjanca. Aik youf phvilcUn, drugglat, or lend lor (lav you hid Tyvhokir" telllat of Tynhol Vaccina, reiulta from use. and danger from Typhoid Carriers. Praduelni Vanillin tad 8sruiM rnidtr U. ti tlenM The Cutter LabcraUry, erkalay. Cel., Chloaoe, lit, v rlyfiT'NJ Kidney .trouble preys up IVUlll on the mini), dlBcourn(re AVn and lesHons , ambition; mlU ' beauty,' vlRor'anrt chee'r T r f I? M fulncNH oftn , disappear TV KJlYllun wlmn the Kidney are out of order or dlaoaned. Kor. Kod rHUlI UKft Dr. Kltmer'a Bwamp-Knot, the great kidney medicine. At iJniKKlKta,! pnmpl Izo bottle by I'nrrel Pom, atari pamphlet, Addrens Dr. Kilmer; & Co., Jtlnubiunton, N. Y., and enclose ten Cents, when writ Ing mention hla, paper,) ,,(, , ,,,, , Kill All FlleoZoW MtjtU. eitiAn, eruamanisv, ctmvomeni, uaioiip, fetffsCltlTj ;' ariftilf "lip otvriwlll Hfltaoll 09 Palay.Fly.Killar &3r , bg xitiM., ac.ljld, il,aa MAROix) (OMEM, ttO Dl KAU AVi., MObMLTN, N. V. a. HAIW BALAAM A tolt preparation .of mrlt. Far RMtorliur Color and BcMtytoWArerfatiftd Hair. hm aim vi.uuftt innfiff. TT rr Kodak Films Developed Frea I prints 3 vents saon--AnToue Write fur circular and eamplea- OMsksn Nh riBitslag Ch P.I.Btl 170. OalasiBia Clljr, Okla. N. U., WICHITA. NO. 29-1917. m li(il-l-i) ... Cry For iiiajsjiOM4 rfil'ioi; it' 1 vTa bun inn 1 I fi.-i lit ) .-) ! 4(1,1 I tM 1. 111 mil 1 '.in 1 1 In '' I ii' i.l III 1: Signature of fii aaitf) i las. m. ti i. v.Tvr-i X..3 m mm at m F " r , a, ilea V3- J,