MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
FARMS THE SOURCE
Careful Tillage, Good Manage
ment and a Beneficent Soil.
Reading the reports of the managers
of the chartered banks In Canada, one
is struck by the wonderful showing
that they have made during the past
two or three years. They are careful
, In their statements, and while they
attribute the success that they have
met with, together with that which has
followed 'other lines of business, they
are careful to emphasize the fact that
the condition of big business may not
ontinue. On the other hand, they
point out that the material and funda
mental source of wealth is the farm.
While other lines of business may have
their setbacks, and while care and
scrupulous care, will have to be exer
cised to kaep an even balance, there
Is but little risk to the farmer who on
economic and studied lines will carry
on his branch of Industry and endeavor
to produce what the world wants not
only today, but for a long distance Into
the future, with a greater demand than
ever In the past.
Speaking recently before a Canadian
bank board at its annual meeting, the
vice president, once a farmer himself,
"The farm is the chief source of
wealth. We have now three transcon
tinental railways with branches run
ning through thousands of miles of
the very best undeveloped agricultural
land In the world. In the natural
course of things, these must attract
immigration. The products of the farm
are now commanding the highest
prices ever known, and in my opinion
even after the end of the war, high
prices for foodstuffs must continue to
prevail With the mechanical appli
ances now available for farm work, the
farmer needs no considerable supply
of extra capital, bnt should be helped
to the extent needed upon good secur
ity. The food supply of the world Is
short, the demand Is likely to Increase
rather than decrease. Development
of mines, extension of factories and
the reconstruction of devastated Eu
rope must nil call for supplies for the'
workers. On the whole, the farmer
has been helped rather than hurt by
the war, and will continue to be, at
least for a long time to come."
Many men of authority and Intelli
gence support what the vice president
has said, and their statements are
borne out by the facts that readily pre
sent themselves. The different grain
producing countries of Europe have
been robbed of the man power that de
veloped their agriculture, the farms
have been devastated and laid wnste.
Full and complete reliance will have to
be placed on the United States and
Canada, and from what we see today,
it will take the combined forces of
these two countries to come anywhere
near meeting the cry that will go out
for food. The warnings and appeals
sent ont by the heads of these two
countries are none too soon nor too
urgnt Therefore, it becomes nec
essary for those who can produce to
exert themselves. Secure land, rent It,
buy it. Get it somewhere, some wny,
and have It operated. The Canadian
Government, sending out its appeal, is
not selfish in this matter. Thousands
of acres in the United States await
the tiller's efforts, and none of it
should , be Idle. Canada, too, offers
wonderful advantages, with its free
lands and its low-priced lands, to those
desirous of helping the nation, and im
proving their own condition at the
game time. Many are taking advan
tage of this wonderful opportunity.
Add iHorrore of War.
A friend Just phoned us, "I have Just
thought of another great horror of
war," he said excitedly. "Just think,
it is going to take all of our chorus
CUTICURA HEALS SORE HANDS
That Itch, Burn, Crack, Chap and
Bleed Trial Free.
In a wonderfully short time in most
cases jhese fragrant, super-creamy
emollients succeed. Soak hands on re
tiring in the hot suds of Cuticura Soap,
dry and rub Cuticura Ointment into
the hands for some time. Remove sur
plus Ointment with soft tissue paper.
Free sample each by mall with Book.
Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. L,
Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv.
Just the Contrary.
"Those street organists certainly
lead a lazy life."
"Oh, no; lire with them Is one long
THI8 IS THE AGE OF YOUTH.
You will look ten years younger i yoi
darken your mgly. grizzly, gray hairs bj
using "La Creole ' Hair Dressing Adv
Mrs. Slobrbwsky What makes your
hands so dirty, Jan? Have you been
washing your face?
It is easy for a man to get rich
Quick if he meets a lot of others who
What a happy world this would be If
people continued to act after marriage
. as they do during courtship I
When Your Eyes Need Care
1 Try Murine Eye Remedy
Fo Smarting Jnat Rye Comfort. 60 cent a
Dra;iita or MIL Writ for VrM Hre Book.
Muua n jc umox cq., cuioaqo
AVERT EROSION OF
BRUSH DAMS BUILT
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment ol Agriculture.)
Field surveys disclosed that fields
with graded terraces where the grades
varied were In better condition than
were any having uniform graded ter
races. The profiles of the grade lines of
these terraces showed a tendency of
the grade to Increase toward the out
lets, a short distance at the upper end
of the terrace being level. This pruc
tico possesses much merit. The grade
Is increased at intervals along the ter
race to accommodate the continually
augmented discharge from the increas
ing size of the drainage area. A les
ser grade may be used at the lower
ond of a variable-graded terrace than
is required for a uniform-graded ter
race" of the same longth. This is due
to the fact that a smaller rate of rain
fall can be used, since with the lesser
grade of the variable-graded terrace,
the time required for the water to
flow the length of the terrace is great
er than for the uniform-graded ter
race. Studies and calculations show that
the lengths of a variable-graded ter
race that can be used, for a grade of
0.5 per cent at the lower end, are 1,570,
1,280, and 1,100 feet on slopes of 5,
10 and 15 per cent, respectively, as
compared with lengths of -1,210, 070,
and 820 feet for terraces with a uni
form grade of 0.5 per cent
In laying off a terrace with variable
crade, the grade should be Increased
at Intervals of 200 or 300 feet and at
all sharp bends where the terrace
crosses a gully or depression in a field.
For example, If it is desired to lay oft
a terrace on a 10 per cent slope, 1,200
feet long and with a vertlcnl spacing
of 4 feet, nnd the grade of the terrace
Is to be changed every 800 feet, then
the grades would be as follows:.
It Is seen from the above thaj: the
grade for the first 800 feet of terrace
is almost negligible. This portion
could well be laid off level. If a ter
race with a uniform grade were used,
a grade of 0.77 per cent would be re
quired. Both practice and theory show
that the variable-graded terrace Is
superior to the uniform-graded type.
Wherever possible terraces should
end at natural drainage channels. The
absence of a suitable drainage outlet
within the limits of a field often ne
cessitates ending the terraces at fence
lines, depressions or draws. The vol
ume of water which Is discharged
from the ends of a system of graded
terraces often erodes unsightly and ob
jectionable ditches along the ends of
the terraces to the foot of the slope.
Erosion in such channels can be re
duced greatly by lining them with
stones or seeding them to grass. The
channels and banks of graded terraces
should not be cultivated for 20 to 30
feet from the outlet channel but
should be permanentls sodded. Breaks
commonly occur and erosion Is most
active near the ends of graded ter
races, owing to the usually lare vol
ume of water passing. Some sort of
protective covering of stones, boards
or other hard material should be em
ployed to prevent this washing. Where
a terrace discharges Into a deep ditch
a box trough Is used sometimes to
give the water a free overfall Into the
ditch. This prevents erosion in the
Sometimes hilfcide ditches are con
structed as outlets fpr terraces. Such
ditches should have a fall two or three
times that of the terraces and should
be locafed so as to cross them and dis
charge into the nearest available
dmlnage channel. Often wooded strips
of land are left in fields to afford a
place for the discharge" of the water
with a minimum amount of erosion.
-Many of the failures of graded ter
races may be attributed to Irregulari
ties In grade. Breaks occur tf tea with
abrupt reductions in the grade.'- This
causes a piling up of the water and a
consequent -overtopping of the terrace
r reason of the Inability of a full
AC. V .K
FOR CHECKING EROSION.
channel to carry the same amount of
water on a light grade as on a heavy
one. With a variable-graded terrace
there Is less likelihood of overtopping
because the grade Is increased at
short Intervals along the terrace.
Again, breaks in graded terraces p. re
very frequent where gullies and de
pressions nre crossed and at abrupt
beuds. Such breaks are due to sud
den changes In the direction of flow
or to a change in grade, and often to
both. The usual practice of crossing
depressions at a low elevation to uvold
abrupt bends, results In an Increase
of grade to the middle of the depres
sion and a decrease beyond the mid
dle. In order to avoid a break due to
this diminution In grade It becomes
necessary to maintain the top of the
terrace at a uniform grade. This ne
cessitates the building of n high and
broad embankment across the depres
sion similar to the one described for
level terraces'. Wherever it can be
done without Increasing the grade to
such an extent as to cause serious ero
sion, It is advisable to make the grade
greater for that portion of the ter
race leading away from the middle
of the depression than for the por
tion leading to the middle.
Use of Graded Terrace.
The graded terrace is adapted par
ticularly for use on impervious nnd
worn-out soils, and on shallow open
soils with an Impermeable subsoil
foundation In general, soils that are
Incapable of absorbing much water.
Since the object of terracing Is to pre
vent erosion, and as this Is accom
plished best by securing tho least
movement of the surface water, It can
be seen readily . that, within -limits,
the cfllciency of a graded terrace va'
ries Inversely with the amount of fall
given to it. The greater the fall, the
greater the velocity and, hence, the
greater the erosive power of the mov
The embankment of a graded ter
race, being subjected to the erosive
action of the water on its upper side,
is often washed considerably, particu
larly at bends.
The deposit of soil In the terrace
chunnel reduces both the grade and
the cross-sectional area of the chan
nel nnd renders the terrace extremely
susceptible to overtopping during the
next rain. Also the finer, lighter, nnd
more fertile particles of soli remain
suspended in the moving Water and
are carried off the field. In such cases,
by the use of excessive grades, the
very cream of the soil Is lost. Where
.erosion of a terrace tnkes place no
attempt should be made to cultivate
the terrace. It should be seeded to
The result that should be attained
by a system of terraces and proper
farming methods has been expressed
in this way:
The primary object Is conservation
of both solid and fluid parts of the soil
through a balanced distribution of the
water supply. The Ideal distribution
Is attained when all the rainfall or
melting snow Is absorbed by the
ground or Its cover, leaving none to
run off over the surface of the field or
pasture; in which case the water so
assorted Is retained' in the soil and
subsoil until utilized largely or wholly
In the making of useful crops, while
any excess either remains In the deep
er subsoil and rocks as ground water
or through seepage feeds the perma
These conditions are fulfilled most
nenrly by the horizontal1 bench terrace
and the broad-base level-ridge terrace,
since the movement of the water Is
reduced to n minimum by both. The
graded terrace lacks much in meet
in? the requirements.
In general It is' recommended that
the broad-base level-ridge terrace be
us d wherpver conditions of, soil and
topography will permlt-that Is, where
the- soli absorbs a' portion of the rain
fall and the slopes are not too steep.
Tho broad-base level-rldge terrace
supplemented by efficient tile drains
suitably located would afford the most
Ideal method for preventing soil ero
sion on' any type 6f soil. Often the
yields obtained and the saving result
ing from the absence of soli erosion
would justify, In a financial way, the
Installation of tile.
WOMAN'3 CROWNING GLORY
is her hair. If your is streaked with
ugly, grizzly, gray hairs, use "La Cre
ole" Hair Dressing and change it In
the natural way. Trice $1.00. Adv.
To Keep Phone Cord Straight.
A new connivance described In
Scientific American promises to keep
the kinks out of flexible telephone
cords. The device consists of "two
small composition parts turning on n
central spimUe, all Inclosed In two
brass shells or covers. Between the
two rotating parts are two ball races
that serve both as fractional bearings
nnd as conducing means. The cord
terminals nre easily connected to the
binding screws on each part, and there
Is ample room for a strain knot within
each shell. The freedom of the swivcl
ing of the two halves eliminates the
snarling of the cord."
Most particular women use Red Cross
Ball Itlue. American made. Sure to please.
At all good groe'ers. Adv.
"They say that so many barbers
mny go to the war that men will have
to let their hair and beards grow."
"What a barber-ous outlook V
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron
builds up the system. 50 cents.
One and the Same.
"Jones reminds me of a donkey
"Yes; he makes an ass of himself
IMITATION IS SINCEREST FLATTERY
but like counterfeit money the Imita
tion has not the worth of the original.
Insist on "La Creole" Hair Dressing
It's the original. Darkens your hair In
the natural way, but contains no dye.
l'lice $1.00. Adv.
New Jersey farmers report volun
teer farmers unsuccessful.
Russians are illicitly distilling vodka
In defiance of prohibition.
ANY CORN LIFTS OUT,
DOESN'T HURT A BIT!
No foolishness! Lift your coma
and calluses off with finger
It's like maglcl
Sore corns, hard corns, soft corns or
any kind of a corn, can harmlessly be
lifted right out with the fingers if you
apply upon the corn a few drops of
freezone, says a Cincinnati authority.
For little cost one can get a small
bottle of freezone nt any drug storej
which will positively rid one's feet of
every corn or callus without pain,
This simple drug dries the moment
it is applied and docs not even irri
tate the surrounding, skin while ap
plying It or afterwards..
This announcement will interest
many of our Readers. If your druggist
hasn't any freczono tell him to surely
get a small bottle for you from his
wholesale drug house. adv.
' When a man begins to go down hill
the law of gravitation nnd the encour
agement of friends help 1dm along.
Alwajn use Red Cross Bull Blue. Deliehta
the laundress. At all good grocers. Adv.
A lot of people nre mighty quick to
throw a cover over the nuked truth.
Many a man's failure Is due to his
being afraid to try.
-ii Net Contents ISPluid Pfaohmj
; -r-5 :
$m f.if AtJMfi.i
, "I Airx..toPiMiflrAliofi1brAS'
Biiiiimuinmw -j -- .
i Cheerfulness and RestGwitaitt
a ... VfnrnhlnRnOT,
e M F iuitTupiuiii.'i-- '
a 1 4 ..i'inM..vfor
A nc DlUin-'""'"
ifft? II LOSS OF SLEEP
LOSS vr -.
lac Simile 5inm--jnE-CrvTAcnCoMPfl
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
Many Women in this Condition Re
gain Health by Taking Lydia, E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.
Convincing Proof of Inis FactH1;" ' a,"i ;
II r r I!
J Mrs. O. M. KniNES, Ridgwayfenn.'.
Mrs. Lindscy Now Keeps IIouso Foti.Sevcn.n u -tn
Tennille, Ga. "I want to tell you how much I havo been benefited
by Lydia E. IlnlJiam's Vegetable Compound. About ejgntycar&qgol
got in such a low state of health Iwasunabio tp lcqep, house for thijeo in
the family. I had dull, tired, dizzy feelings, cold feet and, hanncarly
all tho time and could scarcely sleep at alL Tin doctor saiu i had a
severe case of ulceration and without an operation 1 would; aiways
be an invalid, but I told him I wanted to wait awllilo."" Our druggist
advised ray husband to get Lydia E. Pinkham's vcgdfcblti'tlhpound
and it has entirely cured mo. Now I keep house fos seven swl work
in the garden Borne, too. I am so thankful I gofc Una mqdifimQ, ,i,feel
as though it saved my life and havo rccornmonded tjO.Rth&rs ftnd
they have been benefited" -Mrs. W. E. LiNDSKV,,ljL R,3senill6, Ga
If you want special advice wrtto to Lydia Ki PHikbami Medi
cine Co. (confidential) Lynn, Mass. Your . lctteur.wUMx ope0
read and answered by a woman and hold mptrtefcwvJtyewW:
"I do not love you," ho said. "I do
not wish to hold your hand nor on
braco you nor kiss you. ImIo not want
to talk to you ubont tennnls, nor golf,
nor suffrage, nor servants, nor where
you were last summer, nor clothes. I
do not wish to discuss literature, nor
music, nor art with you. I do not wish
to quarrel with you."
"What Is your object," she inquired
anxiously, "in telling me this?"
"Nothing very serious," he said. "Dut
considering tho situation, wouldn't It
be a good Idea for us to get married?"
COVETED BY ALU
but possessed by few a beautiful
head of hulr. If yours Is streaked with
gray, or is harsh nnd stiff, you can re
store It to its former beauty nnd lus
ter by using "La Creole" llalr Dress
ing. Trice J1.0O. Adv.-
Many a housewife's idea of n bravo
woman Is ono who Isn't afraid to talk
back to tho cook.
If a theatrical performance doesn't
make n womnn cry she thinks she isn't
getting her money's worth.
The value of plnapples exported
from Hawaii during the year ending
June 30; 1915, was $0,319,000.
New York state prohibits sales of
tobneco to persons under eighteen
What is CASTORIA
Castoria la a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregorlcj thjojps ,.
and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains neither Opium,' '
Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its age fa its guarantee. ' "i
For more than thirty years it has been ia constant usd for tie )u. 1
relief of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic and, piarrhoea,;,
allaying Feverishness arising therefrom, and by regulating jthe ( ,
Stomach and Bowels, aids the assfcmlation of Food-; ' eivir' ; ' '
healthy and natural eleep. The Children's' Panacea The'1
Mother's Friend. .: rfuv i-i :.
genuine CASTORIA M
I11 Use For Over 30:1:'
The Kind You Have Always Bought
.It I M t) I till "
Kidgway, Penn. "I suffered, from female
trouble with backache andfraiti in Wilde1 foi4 over
eeven months so J. could not do'anW'my Wrk:1 1
was treated by three different 'doctor ttftd' rrm
getting discouraged when tny siniterlnlawitold me
how Lydia E. Pinknam's.yegqtablfc Compovwd had
helped her. x decided to tryit, and ifc yestord.my
health, so I now do all of my.pusqworkwhjch, i3
not light aa I have a little boy tWe years, old."
"vi rm in!n 'M' WlhiWn4cirr
I II I VUli LI 6cr1cbudwtiitalt
" " " the (linmt viraculoul afd.
Cscy, tnd titnnltwtieM, of Antityphoid VicclnttJoo.
Bo vaccinated NOW by ynur phvildin, you aiii '
your finally. It la motor vital thas kouM Intijjanca.
Aik youf phvilcUn, drugglat, or lend lor (lav
you hid Tyvhokir" telllat of Tynhol Vaccina,
reiulta from use. and danger from Typhoid Carriers.
Praduelni Vanillin tad 8sruiM rnidtr U. ti tlenM
The Cutter LabcraUry, erkalay. Cel., Chloaoe, lit,
v rlyfiT'NJ Kidney .trouble preys up
IVUlll on the mini), dlBcourn(re
AVn and lesHons , ambition;
mlU ' beauty,' vlRor'anrt chee'r
T r f I? M fulncNH oftn , disappear
TV KJlYllun wlmn the Kidney are out
of order or dlaoaned. Kor. Kod rHUlI
UKft Dr. Kltmer'a Bwamp-Knot, the great
kidney medicine. At iJniKKlKta,! pnmpl
Izo bottle by I'nrrel Pom, atari pamphlet,
Addrens Dr. Kilmer; & Co., Jtlnubiunton,
N. Y., and enclose ten Cents, when writ
Ing mention hla, paper,) ,,(, , ,,,, ,
Kill All FlleoZoW
MtjtU. eitiAn, eruamanisv, ctmvomeni, uaioiip,
fetffsCltlTj ;' ariftilf
"lip otvriwlll Hfltaoll 09
&3r , bg xitiM., ac.ljld, il,aa
MAROix) (OMEM, ttO Dl KAU AVi., MObMLTN, N. V.
A tolt preparation .of mrlt.
Far RMtorliur Color and
hm aim vi.uuftt innfiff.
Kodak Films Developed Frea I
prints 3 vents saon--AnToue
Write fur circular and eamplea- OMsksn Nh
riBitslag Ch P.I.Btl 170. OalasiBia Clljr, Okla.
N. U., WICHITA. NO. 29-1917.
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