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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
RUSrf TRAINING FOR WEST POINT CADETS BIG REDUCTION IN PRICEOF COAL EASTERN MINE OPERATORS TO' MAKE REDUCTIONS RANGING FROM $1 TO $5 TON. usiness Center PUBLIC TO DERIVE BENEFIT i i ?3 U m . J T Vf i .rtr' in Burton HoiME- L Mm mmm ( tSri THL 5LAV1ANSKY BAZAR CENTRAL Russia, with Mos cow,' the ancient cnpltnt, as Its focal point, is at once the richest and the most thickly populated part of the country. This region contains 18 governjiit'ius, covering an area of 480,000 square miles less than one-half of the area of the retrogrnd district, but with more thnn twice the population, viz., 45,000,000. As might be expected, says a writer in the magazine, Russia, the large towns are both larger and more numerous than elsewhere In Russia. Moscow had In 1012 n population of 1,617,000. Railway communications are, for Russia, relatively well devel oped here and to the south. As a place of ;buslness Moscow occu pies a unique position. The Interests located there Control and serve tho enormous area of which the city forms literally jthe geographical center, In all matters of supply and demand for a mainly agricultural country ; and It Is through the Moscow merchants and agency houses that foreign imports are brought most directly before tho consumers. With characteristic enter prise, theMoscow merchants have also organized and may be said to control the Siberian trade. Many of the most successful of her citizens are Siberian born, Wo find It desirable to live in Moscow to direct the financing and the purchasing end of their business opera tions. - , Manufacturers Are Powerful. Finally, Industrial Russia may be said to center In this city, where the Moscow Manufacturers' association. AOROCLitt! alone forms almost a party In the state and exercises a potent influence on the tariff policy of the country. This association Is responsible for tho Russian textile Industries, which cen ter mainly L-s; the iron and steel In dustry, and many other manufactures, which are financed with local capital. It was Moscow's initiative, also, that started cotton growing In the Cauca sus and central Asia, which now sup ply a considerable portion of the raw material of the country's cotton trade. The nir of business which pervades this strange but fascinating city is at tractive to a Westerner. Business men are more accessible than else where. They seem to have a grip on affairs, and they pursue definite meth ods in their dealings, which lead to quick decision and execution. These qualities, coupled with a strong local patriotism and self-confidence, form the driving power of Moscow's citizens, which cannot fall to secure for the city an ever-Increasing influence in the po litical and . economic' development pt Buss! a. v The disslnRarity of the Petrograd ..l.l... !l)T,iVMIi ml(BwfWH.'W.l 1 HHMMKjWWVVU'WWq'ftl tvyy t. fill .-.a?:. fir : f 945H wik v rW TvV r fulfil W-A ! ' A t.h and Moscow markets Is marked. Broadly, I'etrograd disposes of a higher class of article at corresponding prices. Moscow's clients belong mainly to the peasant class to the inhabitants of the rural towns, whose wants are re stricted, If not primitive, and who are in the stage when new wants and habits are forming. This does not necessarily lessen the range and va riety of the articles desired rather the contrary. But the attractiveness of the articles, rather than the quality, appeals, and cheapness Is an all-determining factor. This attitude was clev erly grasped ,and exploited by the Ger man trader, and In this connection, nowhere else so much ns in Moscow is the evidence of German adaptability, and of German trade "penetration" ot Russia more ' apparent. Moscow's stores were full of German goods. Lnrgo nimibers ol these stores we're obviously German, while the represent atives of German houses In the dis trict must have been ' numbered by thousands. In Moscow's best depart ment store, the largest In Russia, which was founded by Scotsmen In tho forties of the last century, nnd is still conducted under British management, probnbly CO per cent of the foreign goods on sale have been of German manufacture. The range of retail prices paid, and the quality which sat isfies even the good class In Moscow, are distinctly lower than In the better class trade of Petrograd. Center of the Fur Trade. Moscow is the chief fur center for Russia, and there is a tendency STORE towards a gradual transfer of the busi ness of subsidiary fur markets, like the Irblt and the Nizhni-Novgorod fairs, to Moscow, i A movement has been initiated by the fur section of the Moscow chamber of commerce and Industry to render the Russian fur in dustry in future independent of the Leipzig market. Leipzig has hitherto taken largely the Russian raw furs; has treated and finished them, and hns resold the fin ished product again to Moscow. In future Moscow purposes to da more of the finishing process herself, and is endeavoring also to get Into touch with London, New York, St. Louis and other Important fur-producing nnd fur Importing centers, for the purpose ot direct business dealings. Moscow can under normal conditions supply fin ished furs such as squirrel, squirrel tails, ermine, marten, stone and bnum marten, hares, Persian lamb, etc. Rus sia, as is Well known, Is a. very large buyer of fur goods. ., - . There have been several instance of sleeps lasting 20 years. Cadets at the United States Military academy, West Point, .are getting more severe training than usual. Their training has been speeded up so that the next graduating class can got in the field about August, mouths before the normal time. The photograph shows ,them in skirmish line behind sandbags at rifle practice. ITALY'S One of the first photographs to arrive In tills country showing the latest and greatest Italian drive on the Trentino .front. The soldiers are shown hauling nn artillery piece up the Trontino Alps. The insert shows a big Itnllan gun being carried across a deep valley by means of a cnble. . r O n ' ioa - . . . - - f i Kijniiiiiai . - f Group of New England lumberjacks ready to embark for Europe to prepare timbers for the trenches of the allies. Ten units have been recruited for this work and' ore in the charge of Daniel A. MacKay of the Northwest mounted police, shown at the right. NEW IMPERIAL POTENTATE Charles E. Ovenshlre of Minneapolis, who was elected Imperial potentate of the tshrlners at th annual meeting of the imperial council In Minneapolis. He was advanced' from the oltlce of dtputy lmpealal pttentata - lJr?7 ff 'fW DRIVE ON THE TRENTINO FRONT LUMBERJACKS READY FOR SERVICE FRENCH SOLDIER Victorious French soldier signaling to his detachment the capture of a GermiLn buttery. Such deeds as these mark the. supreme moments of soldiers' lives. This "poilu" Is elated over his prize, 'one of a number which for some time poured a murderous fire Into the French lines. IN EUROPE AND HIS BIG PRIZE viSlWvR Vv-i4X New Prices Become Effective July 1 Pretent Agreement Affects Only Bituminous Product, But It is Believe Anthracite Will Lowered Later. Washington, June 2!). The sweeping reductions in the price of bituminous coal at all mines east of the Missis sippi river rangin? from one to five dollars a ton to the public, with a further cut of 50 per cent for the government, were agreed upon today at conferences between the operators and government officials. The new prices become effective July I. Four hundred operators who gath ered here yesterday at a cdll from Sec retary I-ane ond pledged themselves to furnish their product at a reason able price were represented in, the fin al conferences by committees from each field. Earlier in the day tney had acreed to placn the price fixing In the hands of the government through the defense council's coal production committee, Secretary Lane and Com missioner Fort of the federal trade commission,' thus avoiding the possi bility of violating the anti trust laws. Director Smith of the geological. sur vey, estimated that the reduced prices would mean that the operators would get $180,000,000 less annually for their output, and that the saving to the gov ernment and the coal consuming pub lic would be even greater. In addition to placing prices upon coal at all the mines it was an nounced that all the Jobbers, brokers and retail men would bo permitted to uimru cuiuiiiiKmuiiH ui nut uilmo iuau 25 cents a ton. and that not more than one commission should dqi charged. In other words, the consum er will get his coal at the mine price ,plus transportation charges and 25 cents per ton. The agreement does not affect ar thracite, and th' """'mittee an nounced tonight that action on that problem had been postponed until after July 1, by aereement with the operators. The anthracite producers have indicated willingness to meet the government in the same snirit man ifested by the bituminous men. 1 In the final conferences trade se crets brtween competitors, cost prices and other confidential Information were laid on the table and tho gov ernment acting as judge, decided what would be the highest prices paid at mines, prices to go into effect July 1, to stay in effect until Investigations are mado and other changes ordered. Representatives from various states were asked to quote the minimum price at which they could furnish coal. The Clearfield district of -Pennsylvania agreed to cut its price for coal a It was loaded at the mouth of the mine from $5.25 to $3.00, with $3.50 for lump sizes. Tennessee came down from $4 50 to $3.00. Virelnia did like wise. West Virginia reduced the cur rent contract price of $5.60 to $3.00, and Illinois and Indiana reduced their prices to $2.75 for coal as It came from the mine. GRAIN MEN TO LEND HAND. Hutchinson, Kan., June 29. Resolu tions pledging the jmpport of the grain men of the state to the movement for a "200,000,000 bushel wheat crop for 1918" In Kansas were adopted tonight by the Kansas Grain Dealers' associa tion, In convention here. C. C. Isley of Cimarron said a million dollars was needed at once to aid western Kansas farmers to get seed wheat. "Western Kansas is not asking for charitv," he said. "AH we want is co operation. Unless something is done and done right soon tens of thousands of acres of Kansas heat land in the western part of the state will lie idle this fall instead of growing the wheat the nation and world needs so badly." BRAZIL TO JOIN ALLIES? Rio Janeiro, June 29. Brazil has re voked her decree of neutrality in the war between the entente allies and Germany. The Rrazilian government by act of congress late in May authorized the re vocation of Brazil's neutrality in the war between Germany and the United States. It notifying the. Brazilian le gations of the sanction of the revoca tion Uilo Pecanha, the foreign minis ter, In a note said Brazil up to that time had refrained, from taking s"ides In the European conflict, but that the republic could -not remain indifferent from the moment the United States found itself involved in a struggle for the rights of the people and when Ger manv meted out indiscriminately to Brazil the most brutal treatment. Big Task Confronts Him. San Antonio, Texas June 29. Ap proval of the plans for the infantry barracks to be built at Camp Wilson for the men of the draft army was re ceived by the contractor-this morn ing. An effort will be made to have the 120 buildings, each two stories and housing 20a men, ready for occupancy before September, 1. An order for. eieht carloads of lumber, the Initial shipment of 400 cars was started on its way from eastern Texas to San .Antonio this morning