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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE. KANSAS.
WILL ORGANIZE NATION BY UNITS TO AID IN WAR prominent Men and Women Start Movement Whereby Every one May Help. TO EXTEND COMMUNITY IDEA tatorks Out With Great Success In New York Plans to Co-ordinate and Direct on Nonmilltary Side Patriotic Efforts of All Citizens. By DAYTON STODDART. New York. Prominent men and women here have started n movement whereby every man, woman and tlilld la the United States may aid their gov ernment to win the world war. ' It has been under way but a short Viae, yet assistance of great value was given to both the Liberty loan and lied Cross campaigns ; ' the next goal et Is such co-operation with "Hoover of Belgium" as to make waste in the kitchen and on the table a problem of the past. The new. organization is called the Patriotic Service leugue. It was con ceived by Prof. Ellery C. Stowell, ex jtert on international afTuirs and mem ber'of the Columbia university faculty. Il'be league's purpose is to weld the motion together, with' the 'community lidea extended to include the whole people. "Impossible," you may remark. "It can't be done. Community spirit is rvery fine for a small pluee or for a section where folks of similar inter ests and tastes live. But It wouldn't work out iu a big place. Not a bit." "Works" In New York. , But it has worked-out in New York and that In a section where HYe both (reformers of the purely theoretlcul type and insurgent worklngmen In a board strip running across New York city, the political designation of (which is the Nineteenth congressional district. It includes the homes of some of the richest and the poorest families of the 'metropolis. In New York, of all places, the com munity idea of nationalism has worked out, and very successfully, too. As the terms "community spirit" may eeeni rather Indefinite to some, the ex iact significance of what itr. Stowell means when he uses the term may Ibest be set forth by himself. Several months ago, when the ne cesslty of rousing the country to the fuct that every resource of the United States should be available for war, Mr. Stowell thought of the old town meetings In New England. "If," he asked himself, "this plan worked to weld together a town or (Village, why could not the same prln- (ciple be applied to the entire nation?" Intensive thought on the question 'confirmed his -idea that it could. lie selected the congressional district as the best geographical division for a Unit of the league. lie chose the Nineteenth congresslon Ml district to , 'try out his plans, lie iiad as coworkers other members of ,ihe Columbia "university faculty, and jwomea who volunteered, their serv ices. ' ' ' " ' ' Canvas -House to House. Friends of, those working, directly Pwith Mr. Stowell were obtained and a committee was made up with ut least jone representative from each election (district. These, In turn, canvasse'd apartment houses and dwellings In vcry one of the 115 districts. ' The surprising part about the be ginning of the movement was that the pioneers found no. hostility, only wel come, in the houses they visited. This jla spite of the fact that although Ithey may have lived for years adja cent to a family, neither had spoken. It was a means never before offered Ifor everybody in the district getting to know almost everybody else.. When the district hau been enn rvassed, a meeting was called. Tern tyorary officers of the small unit of the league were chosen. All it was neces sary to do to become a member of the league was to pay 50 cents initia tion feo. This is thejonly contribution paid to the league proper; other con tributions depend solely on the ex Icnses and alms of the organization In each congressional district or in euch election district. Suppose that your own meeting, aft er it had been organized, decided that It would be a mighty good plan to adopt one or more orphans across the eea. Such a plan was actually put in opera. Ion in one of the precincts of the nineteenth congressional district. Two French orphans were ndopted, n Jlttle boy and a little girl, and the monthly, cost of $7 is being raised by leaying a tin box out at every meet ing In which contributions may be dropped. In the Nineteenth district, one of the first steps taken was the enrollment of every woman by woman workers. Every woman was aslced what line f work she was best fitted for and the list was made up, election district by. election district, so that 'Mr. Stow ell,. as chtrfrman of the entire Nine teenth district knew j exactly how .many stenographers, cooks, clerical workers, members 6f 'ariy calling, were In his territory. The actual good this does Is that it Hows every chnirma to 'know the "home strength" of his district. He can tell yon, after consulting his lists, -1 past bow many cooks, nunses and other workers are in his district. That, however, Is not the object so much as the power of befng In personal touch with people. Mr. Stowell emphasized this when ho received a call for cooks to go with the Bed Cross. He sent out the i.otlce to leaders In the election districts and shortly afterward they hnd obtained a score or more of the men desired. One district leader himself persuaded two men to enlist.- It is this "neighbor hood" touch, this knowing everybody In the apartment house or city block or county township where you live, that makes the possibilities of the plan so great, according to Mr. Stow ell. Purposes of the League. "We are organizing that we mny serve the government of the United States,". said Mr. Stowell, "und assist to the full In this great fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice In their own governments, for the rights and lib erties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world Itself at Inst free. "The Patriotic Service league alms to form In every congressional dis trict an organization to arouse, co ordinate and direct on the non-mlll-tary side the patriotic efforts of nil citizens of both sexes and of every age, so that an early and successful termination of the war may result. "There are other. war organizations In existence, but not an l,oenl geo graphic lines. For nn organization such ns the Patriotic Service league, which Is formed upon geographic lines, there Is real need. These societies with their particular objects will find contact through this local unit of neighbors with the Individual men nnd women In every household by whose loynl service the nation's task will be accomplished. We are not Competing, we desire to co-operate';-.- "It Is at this time obviously im possible to name nil of the nctivitles In .which the organization may be come engaged. But It Is wise to state some present specific duties. Help Get Recruits. "The government has culled for volunteers to fill the ranks of our ex isting military forces. We should see that those recruits are obtained, due attention being paid to exemptions. "Cases of need In the families of soldiers will occur. We should find them and co-operate with the Bed Cross in aid."- "We must have a bureau of employ ment for those who have lost their SHE RUNS AN ELEVATOR Washington. This city with consid erable timidity has licensed Its first woman elevator operator. She con ducts nn old-fushioned outfit worked by a rope and located In the building occupied by the Y. W. C. A. She Is a buxom Irish lass, well able to take care of any persiflage from male pas sengers. Her nnme Is Margaret E. Thompson. s CARTOON CAUSE OF TROUBLE Nothing Funny About Charges Against Scion of Celebrated Elephas ' Family. ,,' New York. Formal charge against a scion of the celebrated Elephns fam ily of Africa have' been preferred" by Dr. William T. Horiiftilay. The defend ant wasn't In cd'urt-'whbn the charge was brought, being detained la- the Bronx. -. .. . .' The defendant's, name was Cartoon, but the complaints against him were anything but funny. He was charged with being misty and not letting his keepers enter his cage and acting In a perfectly ungentlemanly fashion. Con sequently Doctor Hornaday, host at V III " ' ! I i Jobs and for those who must now seek employment wives and sisters. "Preparing surgical dressings and all the other activities of the military end of the Bed Cross will demand time and effort. Let us ull see we do our share. "We must mnke sure we do not have such Juvenile delinquency as has oc curred In England nnd In Germany. The Boy Scouts, the Junior Navy league nnd the Junior Police must use part of the boy power of the commun ity. The' farmers of the state need 22,000 laborers. "Food will be scarce. We must find how to use It to the full. And we must mnke known to nil the methods of this conservation. Only by Intelli gent efforts for ourselves shall we be able effectively to stand bnck of those younger than we who fight. "Flunlly, the Patriot Service league, realizing Tt Is more difficult In n de mocracy thon In nn autocracy for the government to Initiate and to get things done will bring home to every citizen through speakers nnd litera ture the necessity nnd the opportunity for universal service in this fight for democracy." Prominent Men Enlist. Oeorge W. Wickersham, former at torney general ;, Alton B. Parker, once Democratic candidate for the presi dency ; Oscar S. Straus, former am bassador to Turkey these are but n few of the men who are working to extend the Patriotic Service league. The league has now been organized In the Seventeenth congressional dis trict, adjoining the Nineteenth, here, and has been successfully Inaugurated In Boston. "The plans for extension through out the country have been formulated," said Mr. Stowell, "so that it may be possible to marshal the combined force of all loyal citizens behind the presi dent. The spread of the league will save an Immense amount of duplica tion. In each community the loyal of ficers will know their own. people,' They will, for example, easily secure cooks and attendants for departing hospital units. They will find needed mechanics. They will direct their ap peals for funds t all those who are willing to contribute. The Patriotic Service lengue furnishes the machinery by which the wisdom of Hoover can be brought with emphnsls to every kitchen In the land. The citizen leaguers constitute the 'third line of defense.' " Mr. Stowell snld that the term "citi zens" was used In Its new accepted meaning to Include women in the full est sense. He pointed out that the success of the project In the Nino teenth district was due, In great ex tent, to the energy of women, prom inent among whom was Mrs. Nicholas Murray Butler, wife of the president of Columbia university. Another of the women wns Mrs. James N. Taylor, who Is devoting most of her spare time to the league. the Bronx zoo, asked the board of es tlmate for $1,400 with which to build an adjoining citge, so that while the keepers clean one cell the elephant can be shunted into nnother. IS LOCKED IN REFRIGERATOR Facing Death In a Sound-Proof Box Is Thrilling Experience of Kansas Butcher.' Ooodland, Kan. E. W. Sullivnn,'the butcher, has Just had an experience that gave him some Idea of whnt.lt means to be entombed with little or no prospect of being' rescued. He entered his shop, locking the door after him; nd then entered the big refrigerator. The. door closed and the snap lock shut him up In a tem perature of about 32 degrees. The big Ice box Is straight and sound-proof, so that It wns impossible to make enough noise to attract persons passing on the street. A large hook was used to make n hole in the door, but without success, and It was only when Sullivan dis covered a clenver In one corner of the refrigerator that hope was renewed. A hole was cut In the door nenr the lock and the butcher secured release after an hour's work. FINDS CURE FOR GANGRENE New York Doctor Announces Discov ery That Will Probably Save Lives of Many Soldiers. New York. Dr. Carroll O. Bull o the Bockefoller Institute for Medica. Research has announced a dlscoverj which will probably save the lives of thousands of soldiers during the war. It Is a discovery of an antitoxin that neutralizes the work of germs In wounds where gangrene usually devel ops. Doctor Bull has tried the experiment out on guinea pigs with splendid re sults. He is the first American docto to make such a dlscove'ry. GIRLS FORM CLUB TO CHEER SOLDIER BOYS Cleveland. O. 'The Young Women's Liberty club has been organized here. Its object is to cheer lonesome-soldiers in camp or nt the front. Each member writes to some ..soldier- boy who hasn't any relatives or sweet-., hearts. The membership ,1s growing rapidly. There is a reaction la Norway against encouraging the investment i foreign capital In that country. HOW TO CUT SWEET (Prepared by the United States Depart-1 ment of Agriculture.) Cutting the first crop of the second season of sweet clover too close to the ground kills the stand on a large pro portion of the fields. To prevent the loss of stands, farmers should examine the fields carefully before mowing to determine the height at which the plants should be cut. At least one healthy bud or young branch should be left on each stub. In fact, the plnnts should be cut several Inches above the young shoots or buds, as the stubble muy die buck from one to three Inches If they are cut during damp or rulny weather. Proper Height to Cut. Because of the difference in the growth thnt Bweet clover makes on different types of soil, and because of the difference In thickness of stands in different fields, it Is impossible, the specialist says, to state definitely the proper height to cut the first crop the second season when a second crop is expected. When the field contains a good stand and when the plnnts have made no more tha'n a 80-lnch growth, a five to six-Inch stubble usually will be sufficient to insure a second crop. When fields contain very heavy stands 15 to 25 plants to the square foot It may be necessary to leave an eight inch stubble. When the plunts have been permitted to make n 30 to 40-lnch growth, a stubble ten to twelve inches high should be left. In semlnrld re gions where the plants do not mnke as rapid growth as In humid sections, they mny, as a rule, bo cut somewhat closer to the ground without Injury. Proper Time to Cut. The proper time to cut the first crop the second senson will vary In differ ent localities, depending upon the rainfall, the temperature and the fer tility of the soil. In no event should the plants be allowed to show flower buds or become .woody before mowing. On fertile, weU-Iuned soils in many sections a very rupid growth is made in the spring, antl often the plants will hot show flower buds until about five feet high. On such! sbfls It is ts&i'ntlul that the first crop be cut when the- plants -'n-re no -more' than .30 to .1J inhesdi!gh, If hay. is desired' which Is not stolnmy, and if. a. second grmy.th is HARVESTING A GOOD CROP OF SWEET CLOVER. to: be,,'expececl.: la. cutting the. flrstalfulfa. ;( r . ' ' ' 1 '- TRAP CHINCH BUGS BY PLOWING FURROW Insects Find It Easier to Crawl Along v Bottom' Than Climb Sides Alsp', Dig. rfoles. (From the United States. Department of ' l '' Agriculture.) ,' The time to strike at Chinch bugs is before they begin 'their migrations from fields of wheat, rye, or barley, about harvest time, Into the corn. Be on guard for thein. Their presence in these crops often is , hard to detect, because the damage they do In such fields is obscure or of no apparent im portance. It is important that the bugs be discovered before they begin to crawl toward the cornfields, ento mologists in the United States depart ment of agriculture say, for the corn then can be protected and the migrat ing Insects trapped In the following way: Blow a deep furrow along the edge of the field, running the land side of the plow toward the field to be pro tected. In dry weather the sides of the furrow can be made so smooth and so steep thut the bugs will find it easier to crawl along the bottom than to climb up the sides. Circular holes from 30 to 40 feet apart, made with a post-hole digger, may then be dug in the bottom of the trench. Into these holes the bugs will fall In large num bers, where they may be killed easily by sprinkling kerosene oil over them. A log dragged back and forth along the furrow is useful in keeping the bottom and sides In good copdltlon during dry weather. ' Spraying for chinch bugs has not proved successful, -except on a small scale and when conducted -by an ex pert, the difficulty being that the sub Btanctfe which kill the bugs are al most sure to kill the corn also. The thing to do Is to discover the bugs before they renc'h the corn and keep them out of It by the methods de scribed above. Additional information regarding the chinch bug Is contained in Farmers' Bulletin 657, which can be secured free trotg Ox department of agriculture. CLOVER CROP FOR HAY crop of the second season it Is a good plan to use extension shoe soles on the mower so that a high stubble mny be left. It Is not necessary to leave more than nn ordinary stubble when cutting the sweet clover hay crop in the fall of the year of seeding. A stubble four or five Inches high, however, will serve to hold drifting snow nnd undoubtedly will be of some help In protecting th plunts from winter Injury.' Cure Sweet Clover Hay. In some sections of the country It is difficult to cure sweet clover hny be cause the stand is ready to cut at a time of the year when weather condi tions are likely to be unfavorable for haymaking. Succulent plants like sweet clover cannot bo cured Into hny of good quality unless 'excellent weath er conditions prevail during, the hay ing period. One of the most success ful methods for handling sweet clover hay is to allow the plants to remnln in the swath until they are well wilted or Just before the leaves begin to curd. The hay should then be raked into windrows nnd cocked nt once. The cocks should be made as high and ns narrow as possible, as this will permit better ventilation. Iu curing, the cocks will shrink from one-third to one-half their orlglnul size. It moy take ten days to two weeks to cure sweet clo ver by this method, but when well cured nil the leaves will be Intact nnd the hay will have an excellent color and aroma. When sweet clover is cocked nt the proper time the leaves will cure flat und In such a manner thut the cocks will readily shed water during heavy rains. Stacking Sweet Clover. In stacking sweet clover, a cover should be provided either In the form of n 'roof, a canvas or long, green grass. A foundation of rails, posts or boards Is desirable, as this will permit the circulation of nlr under the stack. No Instances of spontaneous combus tion In sweet clover hay have been ,not;ed, says the" writer of the bulletin, 'but thts muy -be duo to the fact that comparatively little wcct cover hoy Is Rt(fijeci1ii barns. The 'sumo precautions In - this regard sbouhl be. taken with wjeet clover nay us wun reu ciover or IEPARED GRAIN IS : SUPERIOR FOR STOCK Horses, Especially; Relish Ground Feed and Grinding Increases Its Digestibility. The farmer who feeds grain finds thut grinding Is one of the practical ways to get the greatest feeding value. In man, his intelligence tells him to chew his food and the more he chews It the more benefit he derives from It, Animals have no such Intelligence, thus their food must be prepared for them. . This can be done by grinding nnd the grains are broken up so thut the digestive fluids are given a better chance to do their work. A saving of about 12 per cent can be made by grinding oats, barley, rye, wheat and peas. It pays always to grind the small grains and the benefits derived seem to be well established. Horses, especially, relish ground gruln and crushing the gruln for them Increases Its digestibility. When a horse becomes old and its teeth get bud, nothing will keep It in any bet ter condition than ground gruln. Cat tle fed on ground grains gain more In a shorter time than those fed op unground grains. Cuttle fed corn meul make large gains and the use of meul especially a few weeks before selling will prove very economical. Hogs will fatten quickly on ground corn, but the, oil in thb irienl when ground too long, becomes runcld, so we see the necessity of having the feed as fresh as possible. It is h waste of money to buy ground feed when the good, clean grains can be ground much cheaper nt home. ' A good feed grinder for grinding ear corn, shelled corn and all kinds of small grains soon pays, for itself in the quality .of the ground feed. Mill screenings, elevator waste, oat hulls and ground corncobs do not contain much nutritive value since the grind ing of the feed alone does not Im prove the quality. Feed that Is not fattening or feed that stock will not eat is of no value, but good, clean, ground grain pays end is recommend ed as a great betwfit to ttoclc MRS. KIESO SICK SEVEN MONTHS . Restored to Health by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. Aurora. 111. "For seven long monthi I iuffered from a female trouble, with severe pains in my back and sides until I became so weak I could hardly walk from chair to chair, and got so nervous I would jump at th slightest noise. I was entirely unfit to do my house work, I was giving up hope of ever be ing well, when my sister asked me to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound. I took six bottles and today I am a healthy woman able to do my own housework. I wish every suffering woman would try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and find out for themselves how good it is." Mrs. Carl A. Kieso, 696 North Ave., Aurora, 111. - The great number of unsolicited tes timonials on file at the Pinkham Lab oratory, many of which are from time to time published by permission, are Eroof of the value of Lydia E. rink am's Vegetable Compound, in the treatment of female ills. Every ailing woman in the United States is cordially invited to write to the Lydia E. Pinkbsm Medicine Co. (confidential), Lynn, Mass., for special advice. It is free, will bring you health) and may save your life. If HUNT'S CURB falls In' the treatment of ITCH, ECZEMA, RINGWORll.TETTER or other Itching skin dleeasea. Price (Oo at arufwi'ta, or direct from llillchtiatMiilclM Ci.Miraii.Til. , Aggravating the Fault "When 1 sny a thing I mean It 1" ex claimed the emphatic man. . "But sometimes," replied Miss Cay enneH,"that only makes It worse 1" THI3 13 THE AGE OF YOUTH. i . . Vnn will inrtlr Inn w.ra.VAIMV.f il MB darken your ugly, griitly, gray hairs bf uiog "La Creole" Hair Dressing. Adv. The Assyrians are said to have been the first to Introduce the heel for se curity nnd comfort Jn walking. . FRECKLES Vw U th Tim t- Get Bid f TbM Iglr Speti. There' no longitr the lllithtrit need ( feeling- ashamed of your freckiea, aa th reacrlptlon othlne - double atrencth 1 guaranteed to remove theae homely apota. Simply get an ounce of thlne doubl trength frm your drugglat, and apply a II. ,1 .f It nlht anil mnrnln and vnil hould aoon aee that even the woret freckle have brgun to disappear, while the lighter enea have vanlahed entirely. It I eeldora that more than one ounce la needed to com pletely clear the akin and gain a beautiful lear complexion. Be aure to aak for the double itrength thine, aa thla la Bold under guarantee of money back If It falla to remove freckle.- Adv. ,.1 Rejected cnrtrldgo shells have been bought up by a Jewelry firm and made Into llower vases. '' COVETED BY fLL bur pwsnt'ssed 'by few a beautiful head of hair. If yours Is streaked with gray, or is harsh and stilt, you can re store it to Its former beauty and lus-, ter by using "La Creole" llalr Dress log! Price 451.00. Adv. -; ..." , Hush Money. , , , . Miss Kleiinor"Munro, 'niece of former Postmaster Bryson, ' had ' an Interest ing expenlence while acting as a mem ber of the "flying, squadron" of the lied Cross, says the Indianapolis News. Miss Munro was one of a machine load of workers canvassing the rural routes west of the city; At one home ,i .1 .1 i r . . Ull iiie juuywuuu ruuu, mios t iuuuiv alighted and seeing several men in the carriage shed back of the house, pro ceeded in thnt direction, determlnel to make her appeal to the purse hold ing part of the family. Soen the other occupants of her mnchlne heard sounds Indicating some presumably hu morous situation, nnd soon Miss Munro emerged from the shed nnd showed to her companions a double handful of bills nnd smnll change.' "Six dollars;" Rhe exclaimed, laughingly, "and how do you suppose I got It? I ran Into a keg of beer nnd a poker game, and In order to get rid of me posthaste, they gave me everything on the board." A Little Game. "Come on," snld the first flea, as he hopped from the brown bear's left fore leg; "come over nnd Join me at a short gnme of golf." 1 "Golf," exclaimed the second flea, hastily taking a bite of hyena; "where In the realm of Tinrnum are we go ing to piny golfT' i "Why," said the first flea, "over on the lynx, of course." , Where to Stick. "Sticky weather," said the boy, who was thinking of fishing. "That's right," responded his dad. "Stick to business, son." 'If I was the drocer I'd sell V nothin but Post Toasties mi BBk.aMBaaaaaayaa BB