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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE. KANSAS.
Want fo he nlhd Or This article tells what are tle requirements and describes the work some American women in f ield service have done in Europe m-ri rTiinini i i i iirirrj ir n niiiniimiiiinjiiiiimy v ynK , "i i )t 1 1 u mm ymmvmm ,.n s r , x-.pg- ' ten tfc&3k&' JM .H 1 ltI i i rVu? 1 Vac By JANE A. DELANO Chairman National Committee Red Cross Nursing Service. TJjHB work of the Red Cross uiviuuu mutiny mm iwu classes first, peace ac tivity In cases of pesti lence, famine, fire and flood, and, second, in time I -J K Vi Will, ICIlt'l UI1U tUIC 1U1 lpJ the sick and wounded and cr relief to denendent fami lies of soldiers carries an appeal at this time to the American woman exer cised perhaps by other organized war effort, either governmental or private. To those who may have felt the pull of this appeal or who may be In con templation of essaying the difficult role of the Red Cross nurse the ques tion "What does a woman need to know to be eligible as a Red Cross nurse?" must often have occurred. A glance at some of the most im portant prerequisites to service as a Red Cross nurse will prove at once that more than 00 per cent of those who aspire to go to the front as Red Cross nurses must be eliminated at the start through lack of experience necessary to fit them for the work. The Red Cross nurse must have been graduated from a nurses' school, giving at least two years' general hospital training in an Institution caring for both sexes and maintaining a dully average of at least CO patients. Soma of the Qualifications. She must be not only of votlnir ace. tut must have added four additional years of discretion arid arrived at the mature age of twenty-five, yet she must not have passed her fortieth birthday. If her state law so requires she must have been registered as a nurse under the law. If your potential nurse has satisfied all of the requirements already numed she must be In addition a member of an organization aflllluted with the American Nurses' association and ob tain the indorsement of its executive committee or two of Its officers. She must huve the indorsement of the su perintendent of the nurses' school where her diploma was acquired, the further approval of the local commit tee on Red Cross nursing service, and, finally, must pass the exacting physical examination required by the Red Cross before assignment to active Cuty. A woman needs to know many things and have wide experience to be eligible as a Red Cross nurse. v The work which must be done In the case of the "wounded In hospitals , not only de mands skill and training In the tech nique of nursing, but also n constitu tion accustomed to bear the strain of physical effort and a nervous system which will withstand shocks of what ever Intensity. The stipulations made by the Red Cross, to be satisfied by Its nursing candidates, cun be said to The Man Who Ilerbert C. Hoover, being nineteen lyears of age, depending on his re sources, quiet, self-confident and spor lng of speech, presented himself In (1891 In the new Stanford university !as the first student to be registered, 'the first occupant of Iincina hall, and ias the nucleus of the department of Igeology and mining. As nearly every body else among the 405 students wns ia freshman likewise, luck of experi ence was no bar to anything. So, as a Ifreshman, he organized the finances of ithe student body on a sound system 'which remains to this day when the jstudent group spends many thousand idollars a year in its varied activities. Duly graduated in 1895 as a mining lenglneer. Hoover accepted the first po sition offered, a place on the staff of ,a mining corporation in Nevada doun ity, California. The pay was $2 per i day, the assignment to push ore-laden (cars from the mouth of the mine to the reducing works. The cars all reached their destination, and a more (specialized Job followed. Next he ap peared In the most desolate spot la the I civilized world, Broken Hill, In the (desert of New South Wales. In this desolate, forsaken wallow of sand, zinc and gold. Hoover and his team-mate, D. P. Mitchell, of '90, spent a red-hot summer night discussing the chances of a return to the world. Should they go on aa wage-working mining experts In the countries God forgot, or should they throw it all (up and go back to some honest trade tin California? This Is the tradition. 'The fact Is, they stayed by, and then MUCH IN LITTLE. ' Carrots and peas mixed make a (good dish. ' Fossil flsh, from which the much used Ichthyol oil may be obtained, has been discovered In Texas. This ma terial formerly came exclusively from Austria. ! Thn antoned. which Is a motor on which the operator stands as It glides ainnir thn street has been tried by the Washington post office and has been tfoaai Jo. do good service, be most appropriate to insure nursing material capuble of proving equal to wartime emergencies. Nurses' Aids May Be Needed. A limited number of nurses' aids may be used at the front who lack the wide professional training required of the nurse. Though the grenter volume of Red Cross work must be done at home, the experience of deepest human Interest will nlways be met In the paths trod by the Red Cross nurse in the actual cure of the wounded soldier. The professional Red Cross nurse who Is so fortunate as to reach the front will meet with experiences to which the supporting armies of women be hind the lines ore strangers. The last request of the dying soldier Is often Intrusted for fulfilment to the Red Cross nurse and his lust message to her hands for delivery. American Red Cross nurses huve served in car ing for wounded of all European armies since September, 1914, but with the sending of the Pershing expedition to the western battle front American boys will bleed, suffer and die and the American Red Cross nurse will share their sorrows. Service as a Red Cross nurse, while founded upon the principle of minis tering to others, Is not without its own Inherent hazards to those engaged, as witnessed by the recent Mongolia In cident, In which the lives of two Amer ican hero nurses were sacrificed for the Amerlcun cause. The function of the Red Cross nurse might be best expressed In the words .of Ian Mal colm, the representative r.n the British commission recently in Washington of the liritish Red Cross, who defined It to bo "to draw a great net of mercy through an ocean of unspeakable pain." Incidents are legion which show the patriotism, heroism and bravery of American nurses in the Red Cross Saved Belgium came a series of events which led Hoover to China and Mitchell as a general manager to Melbourne. lie was thirty-four years old by this time, we are told by David Starr Jor dan in Sunset Magazine. He had gone to the limit as a mining engineer. He could do nothing more with It as n pro fession except to pile up more .money. He had nil the money ho needed and he wanted to do something else. Tln-rc was Agricola, whom he would like to translate. There was a lot of ancient record stones from his mine on Mount Sinai. Hoover considered entering American politics. When the war began there were more than 200,000 Americans scattered over Europe. These met with all sorts of troubles and grievances, great and small. Some were rich and temporarily stranded, some permanently poor, some eking out petty Incomes or ali monies In the cheapest villages of Ilavarln, Saxony or France. The Hoov ers took charge of the commission for their relief. The operations of the committee at the Snvoy hotel, wholly American and wholly unpnld, showed the marvelous tact and skill with which American folks can handle a new situ ation. About 0,000 Americans were sent home, and several times that num ber gained temporary relief. The re lief of 6.000,000 of Belgians against democratic famine "working day and night" was a problem of infinite dimen sions, but Hoover tackled it as part of the day's work. If "Belgium saved Europe," as my good friend Sarolea says It did, then America saved Bel glum, and Hoover was her agent. Very few states of this country have reliable birth registration systems. The largest sugar refinery In the world Is located at Chalmette, on the Mississippi river, near New Orleans. A disappearing orchestra pit In stalled In some Western theaters ena bles the musicians to come or go In a body without any undue commotion. A front blcyqle wheel, equipped with a suitable handle and a cyclometer, Is now employed In a number of the na tional forests of the West In measuring trolls. service, and these attributes have mude the service what It Is today. It Is stated that as soon as Informa tlon reached Chicago of the loss of the two nurses on board the Mongolia and the serious Injury of a third a number of nurses In that city promptly volunteered to fill the places of those who had made the "major sacrifice" In the service of t:.elr country. Red Cross nurses In Serbia, In order that they might huve better facilities in caring for the wounded, elected to go to Belgrade, on the Austrian front, taking up a position In a hospital ex posed to shell fire of the tnemy. These nurses remained In this dangerous po sition through the capture of Belgrade by the Austrlans, followed by Its re capture' by the Serbians and later by a subsequent recapture by the Prusslun and Austrian armies, all the time di rectly In the line of fire. . That it Is Impossible to anticipate and provide ngalnst danger is demon strated from the fact that not a nurse among the number of more than 250 sent by tho Red Cross to foreign bat tlefields since September, 1914, has lost her life, while it remained for two nurses peacefully seated on the deck of a ship In mldoccnn to meet with a fatal accident which occurred during practice firing. Nurses working In Belgium occupied a spot situated In thn line of flight frequently traveled by Zeppelins In crossing the English channel. In some Instances windows In hospitals occu pied by these Red Cross nurses were broken by bombs cast by the aircraft, yet not a nurse suffered Injury. Experience of Two. Nurses. Red Cross nurses have been nsslgned to duly In nil European countries and not n single nurse died from accident since the opening-of the European war. The experience of Miss Helen Scott of Illinois and Miss Rachel Torrance of New York Is n drama of thrills. These two nurses were sent out on board the Red Cross ship in Scptem ber, 1911, to Russia, where they helped to organize a Red Cross hospital at Kleff. After about one year's, service In this city, at the urgent request Of the queen of Bulgaria, tlley were trans ferred to her country to aid the Bui ganan government in . estanilsiung a nursing service for the Bulgarian army, In this work n nurses' school was es tablished in Sofia, into which many native women graduated from the American college at Constantinople, were received for training. These two American nurses continued their work at Sofia until the hospital sen-ice there was taken over by the Germans. Dur ing this time they wore always under tho direct patronage of the Bulgarian queen. After the assumption of the work by the Germans, Miss Hay and Miss Torrance went to Phllippopolls and took over the relief work In that part of the country at the request of the Bulgarian queen. These nurses were recalled to the United States Im mediately after the declaration, on April 0, of the existence of a state of war by the congress of the United States and have already reported to Red Cross headquarters In Washing ton. In war expert services must be con served, and while It seems necessary to hold our enrolled Red Cross nurses for the technical hospital service, there is still ample opportunity for the serv ice of the patriotic women throughout America. To meet the needs of the present situation every woman must be willing to perform the duty for which she is best qualified, believing that every service rendered to once's country .is equally important. New York Herald. Her "Bit" Not Appreciated. Mrs. Flynt E. Biskett I want to Join the army. I think I'll enlist as a cook. F. E. B. Sh-h 1 'Hush, my dear. They're arresting people for making threats against the army. Judge. Cumulative biscovery. "They've discovered a mammoth In the Hindenburg trenches In France." "So I read, but they learned long before that they bad an elephant on their bands." 1 Members of the Hurvurd university regiment digging trenches for D. Ryan, copper magnate, who has uig rrencn ioa on me west ironi nDout to De nrea. 4 Uesign tor a proposed medal to be awarded American sol diers who distinguish themselves In France; according to the bill introduced la congress by Representative O'Shaunessy of Rhode Islund the medals would be made from two cannon presented to the United States br Lafayette. 7 BRTTIsiT TORPEDOED AND ON ThITrOCKS ''-mm& mmr j...iuiiw. -. - mmmmmmMttl'lj littiil 'li'j'j, iJJ.i hm This remarkable photograph shows rlne In the eastern Mediterranean. The vessel was run on the rocks in an sliding down the ropes hanging from the vessel. BISBEE 1 m 'Irai $ Citizens of Bl'sbee gnthering under arms to deport the members of the I. W. W. who were fomenting strikes In the Arizona copper mines. MONTENEGRIN KING j5i7ia?ft ,Jv 4- 1 .M.V--- ; 1 fill ' ! ' i m"Mmmmmmm&mtwAuinuiimtttmtmMtttmtirtirtuiiv-fa-ttiimm The king of Montenegro photographed during a recent visit to the British froat ia Belgium while aa aviator was showing htm bis airplane. been made director general of military jtzL' aw a British transport on the rocks after ARMING AGAINST THE AT BRITISH FRONT proctlce at Fresh Pond Mnsa oTnh, relief In the Red Cross. 8 One of the- beinc tomedoed hv n effort to beach her. The men can be seen I. W. W. I type of German prisoner Characteristic photograph of a Ger man prisoner taken by the British In s recent drive. He looks happy and re lieved, bat some of them are decidedly eollen. r , .--r ...... i ia