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BIEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
Jkaipes and its HoteTDeflle IMPORTANCE OF BY-PRODUCTS TO FARMER Late Summer Suit of Jersey j V, ' I v. CAH lr I ' f i AVERAGE FLOCK FOUND ON GENERAL FARM. (By P. K. EDWARDS.) ' If a premium were offered for the most rapid gains from the most sim ple methods I should be Inclined to .give It to a near-city farmer, who, through sheer farsightedness and well spent energy, built up a path to suc cess for himself which many less sharp witted would do well to follow. Ev eryone In the neighborhood was kept guessing why he always seemed to have more than his share in the way of a bank account, for he kept no fancy breeds of cattle or poultry, nor did he seem to work overtime, but his success was unmistakable, and one day he smilingly confided to the writer that It could7 be summed up In one word, "by-products." Instead of using all his skim milk for the piggery he made pot cheese out of It, did It up in fancy boxes and got a good price for all he could sell. This made a very profitable outlet for large quantities of the by-product. His Jer sey herd, though not a fancy one, was carefully looked after, regularly and plentifully fed, and from this he made, ' Instead of the usual salted butter, fancy fresh or "French" butter, as it Is called, for which he got 60 cents a pound from the nearby summer col ony. The by-product from this but termilk he' also sold retail, had it FROST-PROOF CORN SAID TO BE POSSIBLE Fecent Experiments by Govern ment Indicate Possibility of Breeding Such Variety. By C. P. HARTLEY, in Charge of Corn Investigations, United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) In this age of wonderful achieve ments, a frost-proof corn Is among the possibilities of attainment. When a corn' is bred that will withstand spring and fall frosts and grow at low temperatures, like rye, the reign and territory of king corn will be extended , and his powers increused. x Recent work of the office of corn in vestigations, bureau of plant industry, United States department of agricul ture, indicates the possibility of pro ducing varieties of frost-proof corn and varieties that will continue growth at low temperature. Some kinds of .corn have been found to withstand freezing both in the spring and in the fall, and afterwards, continue to grow. Still more encouraging Is the fact that some individual plants of these hardy va rieties are more enduring than other plants of the same variety. At the first signs of spring, with patches of snow still on the ground, seed of these varieties has been plant ed and has shown 'ability to-' with stand frozen ground and spring frosts and ultimately to yield well. I'lnnted In February, 1917, plants which were several inches high withstood a freeze on March 5 which froze the ground to a depth of two inches. Of still more Importance than the possibility of producing frost-proof corn is the possibility of producing va rieties of corn that will continue to thrive and produce grain at lower tem peratures than existing varieties. There is much territory with long frost-free periods, where, during nights or for several weeks during the grow , ing season, temperatures remain too low for ordinary varieties of corn to grow. AVOID DIRTY DAIRY UTENSILS IN SUMMER Point of Chief Importance in Warm Weather Is Thorough Drying After Cleaning. Most of the bacteria which get Into milk come from the dirty cow and from the utensils, such as cans, palls, strainers, coolers, and separators, which have not been properly cleaned. In winter the cows are likely to be come dirty from confinement in the barn, but In summer they are easily kept clean so that they are then of little relative importance in contami nating milk. On the other hand, a far greater number of bacteria get into milk from dirty utensils In sum mer than from a dirty cow In winter. A bacterial count recently made from some of the rinsing water left In an eight-gallon can, which had beeu washed twelve hours before, showed the can to contain more than three bil lion bacteria. Eight gallons of milk placed in this can would have received contamination of nearly 100,000 bac- recommended by physicians for their patients and by selling it in glass bot tles got ten cents a quart for it. This, It may be noted, is more than some less farsighted farmers got for their fresh milk. Care for Poultry Flock. In his poultry houses he was care ful to mix land plaster with the drop pings, which dries the manure, and, after being shoveled over, was put in barrels till needed, and he "argued that he collected about $30 annually from the droppings of each 100 birds. His poultry were always dry picked that he might get the best price for the feathers, which he sold regularly, not understanding, as he told the writer, how many of his neighbors could neg lect so valuable a money-maker. There is also a large hotel near the young farmer's plant, and he made a point of taking immense bunches of wild flowers, which were abundant on some uncultivated land he owned, to the hotel manager three times a week, who gradually came to count on him for his hall decorations. All of these small items yielded good returns and became a substantial source of income, but are, strangely enough, usually overlooked by the "easy going," who count it "too much trouble" and "not worth while." terla for each cubic centimeter. This can had been thoroughly rinsed and left covered in a room where the tem perature was about 70 degrees Fahren heit. An experiment made during the winter when the temperature was be low 50 degrees showed fewer than 3,000,000 bacteria in a can similarly treated, which would mean a contami nation of fewer than 100 for each cubic centimeter of milk. A can which was rinsed, subsequent ly heated with steam and then turned right side up with the cover off until dry, contained approximately 200,000 bacterlu or a contamination of about seven for each cubic centimeter. Experiments of this sort which have been carried on at the University of Missouri college of agriculture Indicate that the point of chief importance In the. care of dairy utensils, especially In warm weather, is thorough drying after cleaning. Cleaning will remove a large per cent of the bacteria and much of the food for their growth. Application of steam for thirty sec onds kills very few, but It will supply heat to dry the utensils which prevents bacterial growth so that there will be practically no more present twelve hours later than five minutes after washing the utensils. Much emphasis has been laid upon thorough cleaning of utensils, and rightly so, but the process of drying Is equally as Important In warm weath er. Drying should not be done with a cloth,, but by heating the utensils In hot water, steam or oven sufficient ly to evaporate moisture. General recommendations for the care of utensils are: (1) Rinse In luke-warm water as soon after use as possible; (2) wash In hot water con taining washing powder which will re move grease; (3) rinse in clean hot water and place In live steam 15 sec onds, drain and place right side up until steam evaporates. On the farm where steam is not available sunning will give effective results. (4) Invert in a clean protected place when dry. FARMERS KEEPING IN TOUCH No Matter How Bright or Experienced He May Be There Is Always Something to Learn. It pays any farmer or dairyman or other man to read about his own busi ness, for the reason that no matter how bright or experienced a man may be he does not know it all, and can learn a great deal from men engaged in his own line of business, whose ex perience and conclusions are thus given to the public. The man who makes dairying his special business should by all means read dairy papers. The man who combines dairying with crop produc tion should take on agricultural paper with a dairy department. SHELLED Oit GROUND GRAINS Experiment With Pigs Show Animals Do as Well on One as Other Grind Corn for Cows. While feeding experiments which have been conducted by several sta tions show that pigs do just as well on shelled as ground corn, tests in the feeding of dairy cows show that the grain commonly used as feed for milk cows, If ground, result In an Increase In milk flow of close to 10 per cent, above that sustained If the trains are fed In the natural state- fl rW A p i Wife I '" I I 4 ii V I t2 ft 1.,,,, i i w s 1 1 " ill r4 r in r rv ' stmsM&sem V4 fry Tnt OCTAGONAL IT Is often to some fortunate acci dent that we owe the preser vation of an ancient town house, such as the slackening or arrest at some period of the town's prosper ity, or the acquisition of the building for the purposes of some society or in stitution more permanent in its nature than the family. It is largely owing to causes such as these that the French city of Bourges is still so rich In buildings of the medieval and Renaissance periods, says a writer in Country Life. Bourges proclaims by its name the antiquity of its Importance. It Is one of those tribal capitals so numerous in France, which still preserve the name of an otherwise forgotten peo ple, while the title It bore in the days of the Roman empire has long ugo passed out of use. The circumstance Is all the more remarkable in this case, thnt It was no indistinctive "Augusta," "Cnesuren" or "Colonia," but the Cel tic "Avarlch" Latinised "Avarlcum" that was superseded by the designa tion of the liiturlges, which likewise survives, still further corrupted, In the form "Berry." The province of that name, occupying as It does the very center of the realm of France, has been described as constituting n com pendium or epitome of the whole by tho varied nature of its conformation and produce. Once Leaders In Gaul. If the true heart of France has had its sent rutiier In the He de France and I'urls than In Berry and Bourges, there have been times when the latter, too, have formed a determining factor In the national destinies. When the Jurisdiction of Rome hardly extended beyond her walls, the 'Biturlges held the hegemony of Gaul, and in Caesur's day their power proved one of the hardest nuts he had to crack before ills conquest could be completed, while the wealth they had amassed through their position on the direct route from Italy to the ocean was an object of de sire. The town, situated on rising ground surrounded at all points but one by a belt of swamp, was strongly defended by walls and towers' of tim ber and stone, on whose Imposing and not unpleaslng mien Caesar comments. In the later middle ages Bourges blossomed again into a rich crop of ar tistic production, Including the noble Cathedral of St. Etienne and also the great I'ulace of John, duke of Berry, the luxurious and art-loving uncle of the mad King Charles VI. which, with his neighboring castle of Mehun-sur-Yevre, were reckoned the wonders of the age, but have both disappeared 1th the exception of unimportant fragments. Later still followed the Interesting group of domestic and mu nicipal architecture. It Is probably no accident that It should have come Into being In that same fifteenth century which saw Bourges for a brief space once more at the center of the nation's affairs. During the paralysis of the capital and of the kingdom at large through In ternal discord and foreign Invasion, STALE BEER AS FLY TRAP Used With Great 8uccets In Chicago to Catch Carriers of Deadly Diseases. Chicago. Would you trap the buz zing fly, would you soak him in the eye, would you gladly see him die use stale beer. A local wholesale provision house, in a little pamphlet called "Trap the Fly," urges all their employees to in stall traps, and advises the juice of fflAlfcltWER. the remnants of national force gath ered themselves together into the ceiv tral province before the final effort to recover the lost ground. The unity of the kingdom once more assured and the royal authority ex tended the court abandoned Bourges forever for the pleasant banks of the Loire and the more stirring life of Parts, and the old provincial city not situated on a main artery of traffic ei ther then or after the advent of rail ways sank back Into a secondary plane. It lived on, not wholly un eventfully; for during the wars of re ligion it suffered many things havoc wrought on the cathedral by Mont gomery's Huguenots, and bloodthirsty St. Bartholomew reprisals; yet In the main a quiet, unexciting existence. How Hotel de Ville Was Built It is soniowlint remarkable that up to the period to which our subject be longs so Important a city as Bourges, and one so given to building, should have remained without a hotel de Ville. But such is the fact, and the city fathers were content to hold their meetings in a church chapel known na "In Comtale" from its foundation by one of the . counts of Berry. This church was damaged and its chapel de stroyed in 1487 by one of thoso de vastating fires so common In medieval towns, whose timber houses, crowded In narrow nnd tortuous streets, offered such ready food for the flames. Th whole northern quarter of the city, which was then reduced to ashes, was promptly rebuilt, and the municipal authorities seized upon this opportu nity to house themselves worthily. The original building of the hotel de ville standing at the hack of the court and still substantially Intact was then erected. In the sixteenth century Im portant additions were made.' Tho building is reetangulur, contain ing one long nnd one square room on each of Its two floors, and an octagonal stair tower projecting Into the court to connect them. The last forms the principal feature in the elevation, and on It were lavished the richest decora tlve efforts. This tower was originally surmounted by an open story, or "bel videre," to which the now useless tur ret stairs led, and which provided a point of observation over the town, useful for the detection of incipient fires. This wus removed during a res toration and replaced by the present cornice and conical roof. The great hail within has a richly molded timber celling and is adorned by a noble stone chlmneyplcce. On Its mantel a frieze of quatrefoil lozenges is decorated in every panel with a belled sheep (Brebls clarlnee) repeat ed from the arms which the city took from its cloth industry and which were once carved on the central shield sup ported by a shepherd and sherpherdesa It was not till the middle of the seven teenth century that Bourges was granted by royal patent the privilege of bearing three fleurs de ly In cttlef like several other dtles Abbeville, for Instance. the hops, when flat and warm, as one, of the best baits for the critters. Then, too, If you don't want to waste1 the beer you enn use sugar and vine gar which doesn't evaporate as quick ly as the suds. Girl Runs Red Cross Benefit. Kansas City; Mo. Gall Harrlman, nine years old, drilled the children of her neighborhood In "The Sleeping Beauty" and presented it in her yard as a Red Cross benefit. The proceeds were $5.17. There Is no end to the ways In which Jersey cloth has been developed Into suits. All the way from those formal affairs elaborated with bands of many-colored embroideries in silk or wool yarns, to others as plain and unadorned as that shown In the pic ture, there are Jersey suits in every style. The late summer models are simple; sometimes entirely plain and sometimes banded with Jersey cloth In a color contrasting with that used In the suit. The material Is soft and lends Itself to graceful lines nnd It Is made In many colors; therefore line and color come in for much consideration in suits made of . jersey cloth. Sports styles are reflected in many of them, and the brighter colors are made up in Becomingness Decides Styles in Coiffures Kvery woman may be n law unto herself In tho matter of her coiffure. No particular style overshadows other styles or even crowds them In point of popularity. The time when one kind of halrdress eclipsed nil others seems to have gone by for all time; all fare alike now. The only discernible prefer ences are In the direction of simple ar rangements that look youthful, and even women of middle oge affect them. But it Is becomingness that decides the question of style In halrdresslng. Since wo may all be so Independent this Is a good time for experlment mg. Except for very youthful faces, experiment would better begin by wav ing the hair, because waved' hair Is prettier than straight hair. After this, It may be combed back and off the forehead, or parted or curled about the brow, and the ends may be colled high on the head, or at the nape of the neck, or anywhere between. In nearly all arrangements the ears are covered and the hair brought forward In front of them, where It rests on the cheek. For youthful faces the balr Is usu ally brought about the forehead, leav ing It uncovered, and this arrange- .uiu.i. n Narrower. rciuw"" w The change In fashion lines will in fluence a modification of various gar ments not directly concerned with the outer appareL For example, petticoats In their lat est are cut not more than two yards through the hem, and they are so con trived that there Is no excess fulness at the waist or the feet Ornamentation there must be be cause few women care for an abso lutely plain underskirt, but the trim ming is orranged In flat plaits or In scalloped bands which serve effects without giving any bouffant suggestion. the simplest models. A suit In rose color, sulphur, bright green, turquolsej or any other of the colors clussed as "sweater" shades could hflrdly be bet ter finished than with white silk col- lar and cuffs and white pearl buttonsj Worn with a white silk blouse and) white canvas shoes these bright suit strike a new note in summer apparel' they are gay enough, and not too gay for almost any wear. Beige, tan, gray and white Jersey; are chosen for more formal meetsj Those In white, ornamented Id) white soutache, and thosfi In light gray with braid or embroidery in self color, reach the pinnacle ol.' elegance. But all these colors are chosen for celi ored embroideries and for rich and se-i date ornamentation In black. ment will subtract years from older faces that can stnnd It. But a good many of them will sacrifice something of good looks by leaving the brow! wholly uncovered. For them, waved hair, parted and partially covering the forehead, and colled high on the head, usually gives tho best results. In the high coiffure the ears need not be cov ered. A lovely coiffure which Is not fa from the classic Greek, Is shown in the picture. Nothing was ever any better. Very short, full curls are pinned In the coll at the back, and a few curled locks cling to the forehead; held In place by a ribbon band or tiny wire pins, or other means known to the artist In coiffures. A very simple; " style is portrayed In the other picture with waved hulr parted and colled at the nape of the neck. A few short locks are curled and pinned back from the forehead and the ears are entirely; covered where the hair Is brought for ward onto the cheeks at each side. No Long Skirt for Street Wear. The small waists have never re turned once they were thoroughly ousted by the modern woman and ther Is small chance for them In the future) so most women think. The long skirt seems Inevitable, that Is, longer than It Is now. But the dressmakers and fashion makers announce It with the full understanding that these dresses are only for ceremonious occasions and not for service, like street wear and shopping and walking. Everybody! hopes they will never return to drasj the streets and when everybody Jolnej pretty firmly against a style It hga d bard time getting a foothold.