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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
0 WAR CALLS FAMILY Prof. Arthur Nevin, His Wife and Two Sons Have En le. Service. ALL HAVE IMPORTANT WORK K. U. Instructor Will Teach Singing to Soldiers at Camp Grant, Rockford, III. War has called Into service every member of the family of Prof. Arthur Nevin of the University of Kansas. Professor Nevin left the Univer sity recently for Camp Grant, Rockford, 111., where the government has called him to take charge of mu sic among the soldiers of the national army encampment. Mrs. Nevin was called recently to take charge of the bacteriology department of the Red Cross hospital In Paris. Their two sons have been accepted as ambulance drivers at the front In France. The last two years Professor Nevin has been a significant builder in the musical life of Kansas. It is through him Kansas has become recognized as the leader In community singing. And it is through Professor Nevin that Kansas towns have come to recog nize the civic value of music. "I shall lead 40,000 young men," said Professor Nevin, "and I know my part will be important in their lives. When they are called to the front I hope and I believe I shall go with them. The English choral leaders and musicians go with the army and help cheer and divert the men when they are off duty." Asked what kind of songs he expect ed to use at Camp Grant, Professor Nevin said the national anthems, the sectional folk songs, and the popular inarching songs would, undoubtedly be the ones the men would want to spend the most time on. Professor Nevin has been granted leave of absence by the University during the duration of the war. Chan cellor Strong expects Professor Nevin to return to Kansas after the war. Two of Professor Nevln's operas, "Pora" and "The Daughter of the For est," will be produced by the Chicago Grand Opera Company this season. "Pora" was the first grand opera by an American produced In the Royal Opera House In Berlin, where it made Its initial performance, K. S, A. C. Men to Be Officers. The Kansas Slate Agricultural College has been notified by the War Department to select fifteen honor graduates to ' become second lieutenants in the army. After passing their physical ex amination the men will be sent to Fort Leavenworth for military training in addition to what they received while in school here. Bar Club Luncheons. The Hutch inson Federation of Women's Clubs adopted a resolution asking that all clubs and societies refrain from serv ing refreshments at their meetings during the war. The move is made to assist the cam) aign to conserve the food supply. New Town In Lead District On tario, three miles southwest of Baxter Springs, is the latest of the new towns that have sprung up In the mining field. Here, as practically in every other mining to-vn In this district, no land is sold for any price. Treats Sold'ers' Kin Free. Dr. S. T. Shelly, thirty-five years a practitioner at Mulvane, is too old to serve in the ranks, but he Is bound to do his bit to win the war. Doctor Shelly an nounced recently he would attend free the wife, children or any dependents of a United States soldier. Lumber Yards Sold. The Lindas Lumber Company of Lamed, K;is has bought the Kansas Lumber Com pany wilh headquarters at Hutchin son, and will retain main yards at Lamed. The yards transferred are at Hutchinson, Medora, Burrton, Bentley, Castleton, Langdon, Bel pre, Trouvaile, Felsburg, Gibson, Lewis and Kinsley. The Lindas Company already has fifteen yards in Kansas. Boy Accidentally Shot. Barnet Welch, the 15-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Welch of Kiowa, acci dentally fat.illy shot himself the other night. He and a companion were re turning from a hunt and as ho drew the shotgun from the bed of the bug gy it was discharged. Elephants Crushed Trainer. Dollie Castle, elephant trainer at the Wich ita Forum, was dangerously crushed when two elephants she was exhibit ing pressed her between them. An attendant's quick prod caused the ani mals to release the woman before she was fatally Injured. French Children for Lawrence. Three more French children have been adopted throuph the work of the Law rence committee for the fatherless children of France. This makes eighty two names Bent in by this committee. A letter from .the general secretary says nearly ten thousand names will be aeslgned to Kansas this year. Man Killed by Train. P. Phlnney of Olivet, 'ten miles east of Lebo, was killed by a Santa Fe passenger train the other night. The train, was back ing to the depot ALL STUDENTS MUST TRAIN K. U. Faculty Adopts Compulsory Phy- ' sical Education Plan Three Classes of Work. Compulsory physical education either in the form of intercollegiate sports, gymnasium work or military drill has been adopted by the univer sity faculty for the student body. The change will be put into effect at once, the gymnasium work starting as soon as possible and the military drill start ing upon the arrival of Maj. George W. Martin, United States army, re tired, who has been detailed as in structor in military science at the Uni versity of Kansas. The faculty adopted a set of resolu tions providing for the establishment of compulsory physical work. The pro visions of the resolution are first, that every student shall engage In such physical exercise as he may wish and the university medical authorities may recommend. Second, each student shall have an opportunity to engage in sports. Third, Intercollegiate and intra mural sports shall be maintained, but not at the sacrifice of health and vigor of entire student body. , Fourth, all officials of the univer sity will assist medical authorities In carrying out hygienic work. Fifth, military drill will be provided for each student as may be assigned to It by the department of physical education. Another Important resolution was Introduced and referred to a special committee. This resolution provided for the change in the university from the 2-semester and summer term sys tem in use now to a system of four quarter terms during the year. Such a system would be similar to that be ing used in larger Universities at the present time, it would enable more students to attend the university for a shorter time and make conditions easier for the man who is working his way through school. CONVICTS AID THE FARMERS Trusted Prisoners From State Peniten tiary Replace the Drafted Men In Leavenworth County. Trusted convicts from the state pen lntentiary at Lansing are taking the place of drafted men on Leavenworth county farms. For the last six weeks the experiment has been In progress, and It is proving so successful that farmers are asking for more prison ers. If the Idea is expanded tt may solve the farm labor question In this vicinity. Convicts selected for outside farm work are temporarily paroled. While employed they received the regular scale of wages, which at present is from $2.50 to $3 a day and board. The money is sent to their families. Not a 'single rase of misconduct among the paroled workers, has been reported. . - This newest idea In the use of prison labor is the result of a serious shortage of farm hands in that part of the state. A few weeks ago when farmers began filing silos they found It impossible to find enough men to do the work. In desperation, some of the largo landowners of Delaware township, in which the prison is lo cated, approached Warden J. K. Cod ding. They told him unless help could be had their crops would waste. Farmers at first paid their new em ployees $2.50 a day and board. At the end of the first week the pay was in creased to $3 In most cases because of the satisfactory services. Warden Codding personally interviewed every employer and found each one com pletely satisfied. The prisoners are eager to do the work and earn money for their wlvos a'ld children. The only re trleticns pliced on them Is n semi-monthly retain to the prison to -ia!:e a report and obtain new cloth Ins. Women Enrins Wipers refuse of a shortnre of h'ber the Fanin Fe Rai' road announce: that it v ou'd enploy negro women in lis roundhouse in Em poria, replacing negro men mid Mexi cans. The women will do ti e cleaning work and he trained as engine v- er They will recoive the same wages as the men. Woman Found Dead. Mrs. Blanche Newman, aged 43, was found dead a her home In Wichita with a bullet hole in her body.- A revolver lay ne:ir by. Mrs. Newman is said to ha' e been suffering from a mental ailment for the last few months. Youth a Suicide. R.' D. Lewis, Jr., 23 years old, committed suicide at Concordia by Bhooting himself with a shotgun. Financial worries arc be lieved to have been the cause. Baxter Springs to Pave Streets. The city council of Baxter Springs has adopted a resolution to pave Btrects covering nearly forty blocks In the business district. This will be the first paving ever done there. Sent 38 to Camp Funston. Pratt sent thirty-eight men, the third con tingent of the draft, to Camp Funston recently. Thousands of people gath ered at the depot. A large majority cf the men were married and left wives and babies at home. Barthelme Released. Dr. Dr. George Barthelme, who was arrested at Wichita suspected of being a Ger man spy and charged with having been within the military barred zone without a permit, has been released by Federal officers. RAPID GROWTH OF jMUM m Tj WELL-FATTENED, FINISHED CATTLE IN YARDS. The demand for small, high-quality cuts of meat nnd the increased cost of producing beef have combined to foster the rapid growth of the baby beef Industry. Baby beeves mny be described as well-fattened, finished animals, weighing from 000 to 1,200 pounds and marketed when between fourteen nnd twenty months old. It takes less food to produce a pound of flesh with them thnn with mature cat tle, they sell as high ns the best of other fat cnttle, ond markets for baby beeves have been very stable during the last ten yenrs. The young heifers sell as well ns the steers, nnd the re turns from the money Invested In the production of such cattle come quick er. On the other hnnd, It takes more experience to succeed with baby beeves than with mature cnttle, a bet ted grade of stock Is required, and farm roughnge cannot be substituted for grain to the same extent. First Beef Necessity. In a new publication of the United Stntes department of agriculture de voted to this subject (Farmers Bul letin No. 811) It Is pointed out that the first necessity for the production- of baby beef Is a herd that hns at least n fair amount of beef Wood. The cows' need not bo' purebreds, but they should huve at least two or three crosses of such blood In them A pre ponderance of dairy blood will not give profitable results. The cows should, however, produce enough milk to keep the calves well nnd growing without much additional feed. A good bull will do much to' offset defects In the cow herd. A good beef form nnd n strong tendency toward earllness of mnturlty are essentials; the owner's success, In fact, depends to a grent extent upon the bull's abil ity to transmit, the latter characteristic to his offspring. Money spent In ac quiring a bull that will do this Is like ly to prove a good Investment, for the HOGGING DOWN CORN IS MOST PROFITABLE When Properly Managed Hogs Gain as Rapidly and Eco nomically as on Feed. Practical feeders nnd experiment Fti'tlnns li:ive shown that hogs, when properly nisinnged, will pnln ns rapidly fiul ns economically vlicn nllo'-oil to harvest the corn crop ns when the crop Is harvested nnd fed In the usim! man ner. As n matter of fact, even more P"rk may be produced from iin acr" v hen the hoes do their own hnrvesIiiiT. Tills s!:: foment is proved by tests cen (''.:cted by various experiment stations. Henry and Morrison, In "Feeds nnd Feeding" show that 03 pigs which were nllnwed to harvest their own corn, gained 1.-1 pounds dally during D.I days, nnd rcq'n.Td -IRS pounds of conccn t'Tiles for 100 pounds gain. Another I t of f!1 plrrs which v ere fed ear corn In n y.'M'd. ga'ii"d 1.1 pounds during C7 ':- rind required !"'( pounds of con centrates for 100 pounds' gain. L. A. Weaver of the 1'nlvcrslty of VssmiH college of agriculture points eet tlit't summer pasture, combined with lioTr;in!: dew, coin In the fall Is n profitable method of fattening hogs, since less high-priced grain Is neces sary when pork Is produced In this manner. The Missouri station hns shown that 20 to 40 per cent less grnln Is required to produce a given amount of pork wen good pasture crops are supplied throughout the grazing sea son. To effect such a saving, however. It Ii necessary to limit the amount of grnln which Is fed to hogs on pasture si. that at the end of the grazing sen son they will not be fat, but will be grown and In excellent condition to hog down the corn necessary to finish them for narket. This sys-.em of hog management not only reduces the amount of grain re quired to finish the hog for market, but saves labor, removes less fertility from the farm, keeps the swine herd more healthy, and offers other advantages for cheapening the cost of production. The number of acres of corn neces- BABY - BEEF INDUSTRY whole baby-beef Industry depends upon the speed In finishing the animals for market. Getting Stock to Market. A herd at least large enough to pro duce a carload of calves a year Is rec ommended In the bulletin already men tioned. Shipping In carload lots Is usually the only economical way ol getting stock to market, from 29 to 27 baby beeves constituting a carload Some allowance must, of course, be made for loss and for calves that are not suited for treatment as baby beef. Since a well-matured bull can eas ily take care of 50 or 60 cows, the bull charge per cnlf also will be greater when the breeding herd Is small. On the other hand, great care must be taken not to crowd the pasture. Good bluegrass or clover should carry from 50 to 100 cows on a hundred ncres; other pastures from 50 to as low ns 5. The amount of available roughage Is another Important factor In deter mining the size of the breeding herd. Roughage should form the basal por tion of the ration for the cows. It cannot be bought with profit nt the prevailing prices, nnd no more cows should be kept, therefore, than the farmer can feed with home-grown roughage. Calves for Market. The feeding of the calves Intended for market depends on a number of factors, such as the season of the year In which they are born, whether or not any other use Is mode of the mother's milk before weaning, nnd the age nt which It Is planned to sell the beeves. Suggostlve rations in which these points are considered nre given in the bulletin already mention ed. These are made up of corn, cot tonseed meal, corn silage, clover hay, nnd oat straw. If barley, milo, knfir, or similar grains are substituted for corn, somewhat larger quantities should be used. snry to finish a given number of hogs will vary with the kind of hogs and yield of the crop. It lias been estimat ed that 20 pigs weighing 125 pounds will harvest a yield of 40 to 70 bushels per acre In from 15 to 26 days respec tively; 40 pigs in 8 to 14 days, 60 pigs In 5 to 9 days and 80 pigs In 4 to 7 days. Most feeders prefer well-grown, thin cheats, which weigh from 125 to 150 pounds shotes that have been grown through the summer on forage ond not been previously fed a heavy grain ra tion. Such hogs will eat a large amount of feed nnd will gain rapidly. Heavier hogs such ns brood sows and fattening hogs almost finished nre apt to break down too much corn and pot clean it up so well as they go, thereby Increasing the waste. Some nitrogenous supplement must bo supplied to mnke the liojs gain rap Idly and economically. At le-ist part of this supplement mny lie supnlled In the form of roughnge such as alfalfa, clover pnsture or soy beans. If provi sion hns not boon made for clover, al falfa or rape pasture In n field adjoin ing corn, or If soy beai.s hnve not been planted In the corn or In an adjacent field, then It Is absolutely essential, with feeds nt the present prices, to supply sumo nitrogenous supplement, such as tankage, linseed oil meal or middlings. The particular supplement used would depend upon the relative prices of this class of feeding stuffs. Ordinarily tankage Is a cheap supple ment. , AVOID BULL NOSE INFECTION Some Hog Raisers Prevent Trouble by Pulling or Clipping Tusk, of Number of Pigs. Considerable loss nnd Injury often result when young pigs are feeding together. Their tusks are very sharp nnd while fighting over their feed they lacerate ench other about the mouth. This would not be so serious if It were not for the "bull nose" infec tion in the pens. Some hog raisers ovoid this trouble by pulling or clip ping the tusks of a number of the pigs, hut this does not always keep them free from Infection. "Bull'Dos' Is t fatal disease. TRICKS THAT KILL Germans Use . Barbarous Schemes to Harm Enemy. Baits Left In Evacuated Positions Prove Disastrous to Tommy, Who Would Investigate. 1 "The -game of baiting the other fel low which the German soldiers really taught the allied troops Is still in Vogue on the western, front at the present time,'! said a wounded Canadi an olllcer who was telling some friends about the tricks which men play on one another In trench warfare. " 'Pon't fool with the enemies' evac uated positions, especially the dugouts, until you have experimented with wine bottles, Jewelry, pictures and other trinkets at a respectable distance,' Is the first order given to advance par ties. When the Germnns drew back to the Rlndenburg line In France they plundered and carried off nil kinds of loot. Now the finest place for a crowd of Tommies or potlus to capture Is one of the dugouts recently Inhabited by German officers. "Perhaps Tommy spots a pile of Jew elry on an Innocent appearing tnble. Well, let Tommy rush to grab It and In a second the place Is blown to atoms and all hands have gone blighty''for hav ing grabbed the bnlt. This game of connecting fuses with gold chains, wine bottles and portraits hns been costing bombing squads a large toll In losses. The coveted goods are so fixed by the Germans that when Tommy and the gang have pounced upon them they touch off the detonator of an Infernal machine." The Canadian told how 12 men who had entered a dugout In the German trenches formerly occupied by some officers had their eyes on several oil paintings. The non-commissioned of ficer who was with them, having wit nessed the annihilation of men who had been caught by the bait In other cases, ordered the men out of the place and then fired a shot at one of the paintings. In response to the shot there followed an explosion which de molished the dugout. The allied troops are dally being taught to keep their hands off all likely souvenirs when they occupy, new po sitions. Even the business of search ing wounded prisoners Is. being con ducted In a gingerly mnnncr by Tom my. The game of tricking the other fellow has been a very serious matter on the western front, according to this olllcer, chiefly because the German sol dier does not Iiesitnte at the most utroclous and barbarous of schemes to work harm to the enemy. On certain occasions German soldiers have feigned to be wounded and while, men swept past them hnve been guilty of sniping. The Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel tower Is just twenty-eight years old, hovlng been erected for the Paris exposition of 1SS0. Although It was denounced as ugly, for the same reason ns a skeleton, because It Is un usual. Its rigid lines are really grace ful. It hns outlived fts popularity as a pleasure resort, although It offers a wonderful panorama of Paris, but it serves a for more Important Interna tional service as perhaps the most Im portant wireless station In Europe, for It Is in direct communication with Canada, 2,500 miles off. Its mass of 8,000 tons of Iron Is 084 feet high, or, If Its lightning protection be added, Just over 1,000 feet, which Is five times the height of the monument on Fish Street hill. In England William Hol land's enterprise In imitation of It, the Blackpool tower, still flourishes, but Sir Edward Watklns scheme, the Wembly tower, had the fate of the Tower of Babel, nnd the uncompleted fragment, which' was for years a land mark on the G. C. It., has long been swept away. London Globe. Plans Historical Park. Pennsylvania plnns a park to com memorate the site at Toylorsvllle where Washington nnd his Conti nentals embarked on their trip across the Delaware to capture the Hessians at Trenton, writes a correspondent, and Governor Brumbaugh recently signed a hill appropriating $25,000 for the purchase of the land nt the place of embnrkotlon. The Pennsylvania Historical society ond the Daughters of the Revolution of Pennsylvania four yenrs ago each pledged a sura equal to that the state might give for such a park, and the payment of these pledges will give a fund of $75,000 for the establishment of the park. Actual construction, how ever, will not begin until after the war. The place on the other side of the river where the Continentals landed was utilized several years ago by the state of New Jersey for a park similar to the one planned by Pennsylvania. Judge Goes Solomon One Better. In Asheville, N. C, ft judge decided that a hostler charged with drunken ness was not to blame, because he had been sold horse liniment by n druggist, who knew, whnt he really wanted it for, so he fined the druggist but, on second thought, he also held the hostler for cruelty t animals in de priving horses of medicine. Uncle Hy Explains. "Why," asked the summer boarder, "are they so often refe: Ted to as 'smil ing fields of corn'?" "Becnuse," replied Uncle Hyperbole Medders, "the fool questions some cltr folks nsk when they iee cornfields malie 'em smile, from ear to ear." The Lamb. BROKEN DOWN IN HEALTH Woman Tell How $5 Worth of Pinkham's Compound . Made Her Well Lima, Ohio. "I was all broken down In health from a displacement. One of my lady friends came to ee me and she ad vised me to com mence taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg etable Compound and to use Lydia E. Pinkham's Sanative Wash. Ibegantak ing yonr remedief and took $5.00 worth and in two months was a well woman iter three doctors said I never would Stand up straight again. I was a mid wife for seven years and I recommended the Vegetable Compound to every wo man to take before birth and after wards, and they all -ot along to nicely that it surely is a godsend to suffering women. If women wish to write to me I will be delighted to answer them." Mrs. Jennib Moyeb, 342 UNorth St, Lima, Ohio. Women who suffer from displace ments, weakness, irregularities, ner vousness, backache, or bearing-down pains, need the tonic properties of the roots and herbs contained in Lydia & Pinkham's Vegetable Comr rfrid. Her Face Beams with the "Wash day mt7,n instead of the Wash Day Grouch, in sheer joy and de light at the dazzling, snowy white purity of her white goods. Red Cross Ball Clue will chase "wash-day-blues" Succeed where others fail, and bring the smile of triumph to every housewife who really cart$ for pure, white, fresh olothes. 5 CENTS. AT ALL GROCERS.' Every Woman Wants mm FOR PERSONAL HYGIENE Dissolved in water for douches stops f-pelvic catarrh, ulceration and inflam mation. Recommended by Lydia b. Pinkham Med. Co. for ten years. A healing wonder for natal catarrh, sore throat and sore eyes. Economical. Hu extraofdiMiy deuiu and fanniddal power. Sample FrM. 50c all dnita itii, or postpaid br L mail. The Pwtoo ToiM Company. Borton. Mm. An Alteration. "China and Brazil sever diplomatic relations with Germany, while Holland and Denmark and Spuln accept Ger many's sea murders with a polite pro test. Holland Is nearer than China to the Hun, and circumstances alter cases. The speaker was Richard LeGall lenne. He resumed : "Circumstances alter cases often for the worst. A bride once said to me: " 'Marriage makes such a big differ ence, doesn't it? I notice that when I sit on George's lap now, his foot goes to sleep ever so much quick er than It used to.' " The Alibi. A college president known for his Jrollery was describing the Home Guard of Connecticut an admirable force whose service will be confined to) the state except In case of Invasion. Christian Register. Not a Lame'One. "They've got all sorts of modern Improvements down to the place where Jim works. One's an excavator that peopft stand on and don't have to walk upstairs." "Why, down at our Tom's place they've got a rheumatic tube." When a man Is really In love he thinks there Is but one woman In the world. A shrewd man may be both wise and honest, but the chances are that he Is neither. Many n man who claims to be truth ful spends n lot of time echoing the lies of other men. Givo the Wheat to tho soldiers, but giverHS POSTTOASTIES (HADE OF C0RN) IfttJUL-