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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, j MEADE,' KANSAS.
REVIEW OF WORK DONE BY RECENT "WAR CONGRESS" MANY IMPORTANT MEASURES EN ACTED INTO LAW AT THE SES 6ION JUST CLOSED. TAX LEGISLATION IS FEATURE Administration Dominant Throughout the Six Months During Vhlch the Legislators Were In Session Only One Measure Defeated. Washington. "The most remarkable aesslon In the parliamentary history of the world," was the way Demo cratic and Republican leaders charac terized the first war session of the Sixty-fifth congress, which came to a close at three o'clock In the afternoon of October 0, exactly nix months after the declaration of war against Ger many. The record of legislation enacted and money appropriated has no paral lel anywhere in the annals of all time. , Beginning with the declaration of war against Germany in April, con gress has passed bill after bill of the most revolutionary character, includ ing such measures as the draft bill and the food control bill. Appropria tions and contract authorizations for the present fiscal year, totalling $21, 890,000,000, including $7,000,000,000 in ' loans to the allies, were voted with out a single dissenting voice, a record equalled nowhere, not even In the kaiser-dominated German reichstag. How Money Is Expended. The following table shows how the money Is to be spent: Army $3,911,000,000 Navy 1,875,000.000 Merchant (hipping- nest 1.8X9.000,000 Loans to the allies 7,000,000,000 Defense fund for President 100,000,000 Pood and fuel control 173,000,000 Soldiers' and sailors' insurance 178,000,001) Interest on bonds and certifi cates ' 400,000,000 rwil establishment of covern- ment 958,000,000 All other expenses i... 102.000,000 As a part of the scheme of meeting these enormous expenditures congress passed the $2,535,000,000 war revenue bill, the largest taxation bill In Amer ican -history; ' levying directly or In directly upon every man, women and :hlid in the United States. Something ' more than a -billion dollars of this amount will -be tuken from war profits. All incomes more than "St ,000 for sin gle men and more than $2,000 for, mar ried men are made subject to taxation. Where New' Taxes Fall. Here are some things upon, which the. average citizen will pay taxes uu- der the new war tax bill : Approximately 2 per cent Increase on incomes of $5,000 or less. Letter postage, except local letters, Increased to 3 cents and postcards to 3 cents, beginning November 3. Ono cent for each 10 cents puid for , admissions to a'musements. Five-cent shows and 10-cent outdoor amusement parks exempted. Ten per cent on all club dues of $12 a year or more. One cent for each 25 cents paid for parcel post. One cent on each 25 cents express package charge. Three per cent of all freight charges. Eight per cent of passenger fares by rail or water, except trips of less than 30 miles. Ten per cent of charges for seats, berth and staterooms on parlor cars or vessels. Five cents on each telegraph, tele- phone or radio message costing 15 cents or more. Three per cent on Jewelry. Eight cents on each $100 of life In surunco. The tux on whisky Is lit- c-asd from $1.10 n gallon to $:!.2. The tnx on heor Is Increased from $1 a barrel to S2.75. Increased tax .on cigars, cigarettes and manufactured tobacco and snulT. Little Dissension During Sssslon. Despite pacifist activities, the ses- Ion was marked with comparative!; little dissension, the fighting centering about questions mainly affecting pol Icy. The most stubborn contests wer staged over the revenue bill, the draft bill and the fond control bill. In ev ery case, except censorship of the newspapers and speech. Hie admlnls- tration has recvived evcrylhiir,' it nskef of congress for the conduct of the war. . Congress was in session 1SS days. During that time more limn 10.00C army, navy and marine corps nomina tions sent to Uie senate were con firmed, among them the advancement of Major General Pershing, comman der In chief of the nrnMes in France, and Major General Bliss, thief of staff, to th rank of full general, held only four times previously In American his tory. The only important appointment held up was that of Col. Carl Releh- ninnn. to be n brigadier general. Ac tion was blocked until the December FIKD CAPITAL IS CROWDED Visitors of Wealth and Standing Un able to Secure Accommodations at Hotels. , Washington. Adjournment of the war ".ongrpss did not let Washington resume the even tenor of Its old-fashioned, easygoing way. The oldest in habitant awoke to a realization that It wns not congress that has brought 70,000 additional Inhabitants here, but that the war god is responsible for session Because it was charged he ut tered pro-German sentiments. Aa unprecedented feature of the session was the reception of the spe cial missions sent to the United Stotes by the allied governments, and the special representatives of Great Brit ain, France, Belgium, Italy, Russia and ,1a i ma addressed both houses. Invi tations of the British and French gov ernments to have the United States send a ' congressional mission across the Atlantic to see war conditions and co-operate with the interparliamentary congress were rejected. Important Measures Passed. , Following Is a list of the most Im portant measures passed by congress: Resolution declaring a state of war exists between the imperial German government and the government and the people of the United States ami making provision to prosecute the same. On April 2 the resolution for war against Germany was Introduced In the house and on April 6, or four duys after the assembling of congress, the prcsidcut attuched his signature to the measure. No delay was involved In the passage of this resolution, perhaps the most important ever offered either In this or any other congress. General deficiency appropriation act. appropriating $103,841,400.52, of which $100,000,000 was for the national se curity and defense and for ench and every purpose connected with the war. Act authorizing an Issue of bonds to meet expenditures for the national se curity and defense and for the pur- post of assisting In the prosecution of the war and to extend credit to for eign governments and for other pur poses. This act appropriated $3,007,- 003,045.40 for establishing credits in the United States for foreign govern ments by purchase of bonds of our al lies and expenses incident to prepara tion and issue of bonds and certifi cates; authorizes the issue of bonds amounting to $5,003,945,400, of which $3,000,000,000 Is for meeting the loans authorized to for.elgn governments, $2,000,000,000 to meet domestic ex penditures, and $03,945,400 to redeem the three per cent loan and also au thorizes $2,000,000,000 of one year cer tificates of an indebtedness tempo rarily to provide revenue. Huge Military Expansion. Act authorizing one additional mid shipman for each senator, representa tive and delegate in congress. Act appropriating $273,040,332.50 for the support of the army for the fiscal year 1918. , Act authorizing the president to in crease temporarily the military estab lishment of the United States. This net authorized a selective draft of 1,00,000,000 men and contains other Im portant legislative features pertain ing to the army. Resolution authorizing the president to take over for the United States any vessel owned In whole or in part by anv corporation, citizen or subject of nnv nation with which the United States may be at war. Act to increase temporarily the com missioned arid waYront and enlisted strength of the navy and Marine corps from 87,000 to 150,000 men, In the first instance, and from 17,400 to 30, 000, in the second. Act ' appropriating $1,344,890.18 for the support of the military academy for the fiscal year 1018 and for other purposes. Largest Single Grant In History. Act to amend an act entitled "An Act to, Regulate Commerce," as amend ed, In respect of car service, uud for other purposes. Act amending the war risk insur ance net nnd appropriating $45,150,000 to Insure vessels and their cargoes and expenses connected therewith. Act appropriating $147,303,028.77 for th" sundry civil expenses of the gov ernment for the fiscal year 1018. Act authorizing the Issue to states and territories and the District of Co- iliMMM'MMMmtH :: r.:osT mpottmt ;; MEASURES PASSED . Here are the most Important ! mcarurec passed by congress at the rpecial war session: Declaration of war against Germany on April 6. War bond issues aggregating I ; $15,538,000,000. War appropriations and con ' ', tract authorizations totalling " $14,390,000,000. ' ', War loans aggregating $7,- ; ; 000,000,000 to the allies. ', ', The selective draft bill, mak- ' ing 10,000,000 men liable to mill- tary service. 1 1 The espionage bill, including the embargo provision. ;; The $2,235,000,000 war reve- nue bill. The food control bill. The trading with the enemy :: act. The soldiers' and sailors' In ' ' surance bill. 4HIM)MMMMMMMM what some call commercialization ot the national capital. The census esti mators place the population at this time at 400.0(H). v Congress quit and yet the housing situation Is overwhelming. Wasliingto niiins. The commercial side ot the na tional capital's life, as reflected In the hotel prices nnd the cost of food, puts Chicago In the "piker" class, if you take the word of Chicagoans who have been up against It. The lonely wayfarer who drifts In here without the aid of an advance lurabla of rifles and other property lor the equipment of organization of home guards. Act appropriating $3,281,094,541.60 for the military and naval establish ments on account of the war expenses. Up to time this wns the largest ap propriation act known to this or any other country. Among other things It appropriated $405,000,000 for an emer gency shipping fund with which to be gin construction of the greater mer chant fleet the world has eve. non, Act to punish acts of Interference with foreign relations, the neutrality and the foreign commerce of the Unit ed States, to punish espionage and better enforce the criminal laws of the United States. Conservation Bills Passed. Act authorizing condemnation pro ceedings of lands for military pur poses. Act appropriating $010,000,000 to In crease temporarily the signal corps of the army and to purchase, manufac ture, maintain, repair und operate air ships. Act authorizing the United States to take possession of a site for use for permanent aviation stations of the ar my and navy for school purposes. Acts enlarging the membership of the interstate commerce commission and nmending the act to regulate com merce by authorizing priority ship ments by any common carrier, ect. Act appropriating $11,340,000 to pro vide further for the national security and defence by stimulating agricul ture and facilitating the distribution of agricultural products. Act appropriating $102,500,000 to provide further for the national secur ity and defence by encouraging the production, conserving the supply and controlling the distribution of ' food products nnd fuel. Act to authorize an additional issue of bonds to meet expenditures for the national security and defense and, for the purpose of authorizing in the prosecution of the war, to extend ad ditional credit to foreign governments, nnd for other purposes. This act makes an additional appropriation of $4,021, 377,890.02 to extend credit in the Unit ed States for foreign governments by purchase of bonds of our allies and ex penses Incident to preparation of an issue of bonds and certificates; au thorizes on additional Issue of $4,000, 000,000 of bonds to meet loans to for eign governments; authorizes on addi tional Issue of one year certificates of Indebtedness amounting to $2,000,000, 000 and an Issue of five year war sav ing certificates amounting to $2,000, 000,000. New Mark Again Set Act appropriating $5,350,000,010.93 to supply deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year 1918 and prior years on account of war expenses and for other purposes, and authorizes con tract obligations to be met by future congresses amounting to $2,401,458, 3!.",.50. Tliis is the largest appropria tion net passed by this or any other country. This act makes further, ap propriations of '$035,000,000 for the emergency shipping fund and raises the limit of cost to carry out the pur poses of the shipping act to $1,734, 000.000. Act to define, regulnte nnd punish trading with the enemy and for other purposes, nnd appropriates $450,000 to enforce the provisions thereof. Act to provide revenue to defray war expenses. This mensure provides ap proximately $2,500,000,000 of revenue with which to pay the expenses of the government. Act to provide a mllltnry nnd nnval family allowance, compensation and Insurance fund for the benefit of sol diers nnd sailors and their families, und makes nn appropriation therefor of $170,250,000. C. P. TAFT WEDS MISS CHASE Son of Former President Marries Daughter of Irving H. Chase of Waterbury, Conn. Wnterhury, Conn., Oct. 8 Miss Eleanor, the daughter of Irving II. Chase, wns married here to Sergt. MaJ. Chariest Phelps Taft II. U. S. A., son of William II. Tnft and Mrs. Taft of New Haven. The ceremony wns at Rose II111, the home of the Chase fam ily. Flags predominated In the decora Hons. Rev. Robert E. Brown, pastor ' the Second church, olflclated. The bride was given away by her father living II. Chase. 50,000 BELGIAN HOUSES GONE Germans' Record of Destruction Is Shown by New Gray Book Is sued by Government. Havre, Oct. 8. The Relglutn govern ment has Issued a gray bock to refute allegations against Relglum civilians contained In the German white book of May, 1915, In which it was said Belgian civilians savagely attacked German troops In the early days of the war nnd that the measures adopted by the Germans were necessary In the in terest of preservation of the German army. According to the gray book, be tween .40,000 and 50.000 houses were destroyed by the Germans. agent to secure a lodging place Is help less Indeed, though be lie a war con tract lobbyist or a union labor business agent. The hotel clerks ore like stone to such. They say: "Sorry." and walk away, and the applicant for a place to sleep has nobody to talk to. At the New Wlllanl after the ad journment of congress Saturday It wns said the hotel was not making any promises of rooms before Wednesday. The Raleigh and the Shorebam hotelf would not give even that mtch com fort FOOD PLEDGE WEEK CAMPAIGN COMING OCTOBER 21 TO 28 Every Family Must Do Utmost to Conserve Resources and Lend Money to Nation So We May Crush Enemy. LEARN LESSONS OF ECONOMY Washington. America's place in the industrial competition of natlons that will follow peace will be deter mined in large part by the response that the American people make to the coming food pledge week campaign. This- Is the belief of the United States food administration and is one of the thoughts tnat Is spurring on Its forces In their preparations by enrolling the families of the nation in the cause of food conservation during the week of October 21. ' "When the war is over." the food administrator declared recently, "Eu rope will find herself with a retiuceu standard of living, .with a people erentlv dlsclnllned in oil directions, and in a position to compete In the world's markets in a way that tney never have been able before. We shall also face a world with a reduced con suming power, und unless we can se cure such discipline In our own peo ple, we will be in no position to meet that condition when peace comes. The idea that the purpose or rooa saving Is not alone the present one of feedlnar our army and the allies, Is further developed by the belief or tne food administration that wars are paid for out of the suvlngs of the people. It Is Dointed out that the decision la un to the American people right now. whether they are to help pay for the present conflict out of the savings oi todnv or after the war by mortgaging the future of the people. A saving of six cents a day per person will amount to two billion dollars a year. If the United States were an auto cratic country there would be no pop ular anneal for the conservation of food. There would be an autocratic food control. The mailed fist would rule In the kitchen. Imperial food de crees would be enforced at the point of the bayonet. But ours Is not an autocratic country. Food control is in the hands of the people themselves, and It is to the people that the food administration has appealed in the food pledge card campaign. Herbert Hoover has termed this op peal nn "unprecedented adventure In democracy" an adventure , that will determine whether or not a demo cratic form of government is, after nil, fitted to engage in a death grapple with autocracy. The food pledge week campaign re solves itself into an effort to secure as a result of voluntary agreement nledzes lnsurlne the general support of a well-defined progrnm of food con servation. The food pledge week cam paign represents nn effort to Induce as many American homes as possible to unite In n common policy. Our wheat reserves cun be conserved If everybody helps.' Our meet reserves can be conserved If the whole public co-opemtcs. The American people are asked to Join together in n common conserva tion policy. As evidence that they are supporting this policy they are asked to hang -a card denoting membership In the United States food administra tion In their window. In order that the conservation policy may be un derstood, the reasons for It made plain, and the manner of observing It ren dered certain, instruction cards "The Wnr Creed of the Kitchen," are to be hung In the home. And that Is what the national food pledge week campaign Is all obont Whole Family Under Fire. A land owner of Verger.e, according to a Paris correspondent, has received the following letter from his son, a staff captain: "I heard a strange story today, that o womnn and a boy of sixteen had been found among the men of the battalion of unmounted chntis- senrs. An Investigation was made, nnd tliov were found to he the wife and son of n chnussenr who had de termined not to be separated from him. Roth went into the trenches with other pollus, and the most striking tt.inv nlmiit It is that they had been with the battalion for five months be fore the authorities found out. Of course everybody In the battnllon knew, but as you see, the Recret was well kept. "As nn old chausseur yonrself, you will he proud to learn that n father, mother nnd son have been tinder fire together in your old battalion. When Success Is Sweetest Sucrpss Is sweet; the sweeter If long delayed nnd attained through manifold struggles nnd defeats, Al cott. Hay Fever Pollens. The development of hay fever In any locality depends upon the atmospheric hay fever pollens Increasing to a point which overcomes the resistance of the l.inlent." savs Doctor Schcppcgrell. "It was ascertained that most of the spring nnd summer cases of hay fever are caused by the pollen of the grasses. nlthoiiL'h the nollen of other plants nuch os the yellow dock, amaranth. goose foot, etc moy couse the ottacic tir help to maintain it when set up by the grass poliwia. Original Styles in k nTF prrrn s , "Brilliant" Is the word that best fits the new styles in tailored suits, how ever sedate the colors may be, in which these suits are developed. Resides the glove shades beige, brown, tnn, cas tor, taupe there are rich tones of wine, Russian green, beet root, and amethyst, nil at their best in the soft surfaces of fashionable weaves in wool. It seems thnt costumers cannot think of them without ut the sume time thinking of furs; for fur is every where on tailored suits and put on in the most original ways. Everything conspires to moke this season's formal suit on unqualified suc cess, because the character of the new fabrics, their colors nnd fashionable trimmings are so well suited to one another. Designers appear to revel in them and have given us creuttons this Along Comes Are vou coins to clve n Hnllowe'eu party? There Is a lot of fun for ev erybody In celebrating this feust of nonsense; it Is nn Indulgence that takes little time nnd money. The troop of spooks, witches, black cats, pump kins nnd antems that make Hallow- e'en a nmdly Joyous festival for the youngsters has arrived on scheilii'e time and nil ready to set off the hour and table. Some of this year's tahle decorations ore shown In the picture above. TIh-v are made of Tepe paper, plain enrd board nnd tissue paper, with n Utile help from pen nnd Ink or water color tmlnts. Fine wire and paste and n very narrow ribbon Is needed for some of them and needle and thread lor othrs. The witch shown Is supported by wire with a round piece of flat, while cardboard at one end for the face. About this wire others nre twisted to form the arms nnd legs. The face Is drawn with pen and Ink und the hair made of white tissue paper cut Into a fine fringe. At this stage of her ca reer the uncanny lady may be fastened to a flat desk of cardboard by bending the wires which are to support her at the ends nnd sewing them to the board. She Is clothed In u dress and cape of black crepe paper nnd has n hat made of plain black paper. The broom Is made of wire, wound with narrow strips of yellow paper nnd a fringe of black paper. Ghosts nre made In about the same wnyof white crepe paper. A small yellow cardboard box to hold candy or nuts Is suspended from a sunflower of yellow tissue paper (with a cat's face pasted over the ecu ter) by narrow yellow ribbons. A disk of white cardboard forms the founda tion of this piece, with the ends of l be ribbon, the flower petals and cat's face pasted to It. All the small paper dishes for salted almonds or confections are tuade'of yellow crepe paper patted oyer ready made foundations. A dish of this kind may be transformed Into n basket by ndfilng n handle of wire. wound with paper. A little covered nrndy box Is shown with a small m-lmeted figure seated on the lid, holding" n spear In bis hand. Ho Is merely a "lolly pop" stick wtth ft dish of candy on one Tailored Suits fall that more than Justify the loyally of American women to the tailored suit. Just one of many benutiful new mod els is pictured here, but it will convince the fortunate woman of today that the best art of the costumes is ot her serv ice. It is of Russiun green broadcloth trimmed with French seal convertible collar and buttons nnd would be equally rich in amethyst, beet-root, taupe or wine. It Is on achievement to be proud of nnd a possession to re joice in, now that it Is fashionable to be busy and nearly all our duys are spent In street clothes. The skirt la quite plain nnd that term might also be used to describe the coat in which the tailor hits relied upou originality of design and beautiful adjustment to the figure for the distinction he Una given the finished garment. Hallowe'en end furnished with arms and legs of wire nnd dressed In yellow crepo paper. The candy Is covered with wax paper whereon his good natured face Is made with pen nnd Ink. For the Hallowe'en party there nre paper table cloths and napkins, that dress the table appropriately. The best of nil center pieces Is the old-fnshloncit JncU-o-liinleni made of a real pumpkin hollowed out nnd having eyes, nose and mouth cut throiign the rind. Hatp'na of rur. Hatpin have not been much In evi dence for several , years, hut 'furrier are showing a hatpin tliaf will serve as the only necessary ornament to the winter Suit, says (ho Dry Goods Econo mist. This pin has a sinull head In the center surrounded with n circle of fur three or four inches In diameter. ThlB limy be had In various furs or nimbi nations, to match the trimming of the suit. ' . Also In fur are the huge Pierrot but tons which will be used hi'er In the winter lo ornament the emits and suits. These buttons are two or three Im hei In dlatii' tor and may be had In differ ent furs. Fur drops are also being shown for winter wenr on couts and suits. Wide Striped Stockings. Perhaps the newest thing in Block ings Is the very wide stripe from I Inch to Vt Indies. These stripes run vertically nnd nre mude in many col ors combined with , white. Another new stocking shows a stripe formed by what we should ordinarily term a run" thnt Is to say, the stripe looka simply ns If the up and down threads of the stocking hud been pulled up and left only the threads crosswise. Goat Fur Is Liked. A new fur Is Mongolia, n long-haired and curly gout fur used by a few PnrU designers on full costumes. Unplucked beaver, with hair 2 Inches long, lying: flat on the fur, Is alt.0 used, nnd liaa the effect of a dark and twubuuI fu trimming. i