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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE, KANSAS.
UP I. IV. IV. Federal and the State Officials Arrest Many Agitators in Kansas Oil Fields. KEACQUARTERS TENT RAIDED Much Literature of Anti-War Propa ganda Seized at Augusta Sev eral Leaders Were Captured. Untyed States government agents, with the co-operation of Kansas state end local officials, began recently the greatest roundup of I. W. W. agitators in the history of the Middle West. It is probable that 3,000 arreBts, per haps more, will be made in the Kan Fas oil fields unless a general exodus of the disturbers should begin. Gov ernment, state and local. officials are determined to rid the state of them. The largest raid reported was at Augusta, where twenty-two were ar rested. A tent, headquarters of the organization, was raided, and much literature of anti-war propaganda was seized. Several leaders are In 'the number being held. Many other arrests were made by local and state officials' in the Augusta and Eldorado oil district, which has been the hotbed of the agitation. Dis turbers in other parts of the state, where' they have not congregated in such large numbers, will be rounded up also. Reports to federal officials Indicate everywhere citizens are co operating In the big drive, but no of ficial reports of arrest have been re ceived except from Augusta. Every man arrested will be made to show he did not evade draft registra tion. Five secret service men from Kansas City are assisting, and more raids of smaller I. W. W. headquarters in the oil districts are expected. State and local officials are arresting the agitators on vagrancy charges. Those who can show that they are not I. W. W. will be released. Those who cannot show they have any busi ness in the oil fields will be handled by the local officials or the state. Those who are found to .be dangerous citizens will be prosecuted by the gov ernment. To Unite Trade Section. Believing the Chamber of Commerce idea would work to the advantage of a large ter ritory as well as to a city, the ex tension committee of the young men's division of the Chamb'er of Commerce of KanBBB City is fostering an Inter Community League composed of com mercial representatives of the princi pal cities of Missouri, Kansas and Ok lahoma. The first convention of the proposed body will be in Kansas City, December 5th, at which time by-laws end plans for the final organization will be worked out. Representatives are expected to attend from 128 coun ties In the three states. . For Soldiers' Smokes. A fund of $1,000 to buy Christmas smokes for soldiers in France has, beeniralsed by the men who work on the roads and In the drainage district at Camp Fun ston. Died Before Cake Arrived. A few moments after a soldier boy's mother had mailed him a cake and Christmas presents at McCracken, recently, a telegram was received by the mother " that her son, Fay Burch, had been killed in the" trenches while fighting with the Canadian forces. The boy's last letter to his mother said:. Bake me a cake and send me Borne tobacco. I want something from home." Young Burch had been with the Canadians a year. Jumped Into Well. Mrs. Leam Bis by, 31 years old, committed suicide at her home near Wells, ten miles east of Minneapolis, the other night by jumping into a 45-foot well. . Palling Rock Kills Miner. Mariano Arcuri, an Italian miner, 25 years old, was killed in a fall of rock in mine No. 19 of the Wear Coal Company, near Pittsburg. His neck was broken. He was married and lived in Rlngo. Bar Soldiers From Trolleys. An army order has been issued for bidding the members of the Eighty ninth Division of the national army stationed at Camp Funston from rid ing interurban cars between Manhat tan and Junction.Clty. This order was made by the medical staff as a precau tion against the spread among the sol diers of spinal meningitis. Federal Aid for Road. J. A. Won ders, engineer for the Department of Agriculture in Missouri and Nebraska, and State Engineer Gerhart were in Barton County making trips over the Santa Fe Trail and taking notes for -federal aid. X Rob Holcomb State Bank. The Hol comb State Bank was held up by three men who came and left in a motor car the other morning. The sheriff and posse were in hot pursuit. The cash ier, John Shener, was locked in the vault. M Hoga In Motor Cars.--J. B. Cramer, a Wellsville stock buyer, sent three motor truck loads, of hogs to the Kan sas City market recently, fifty miles away. This is the first lot of hogs to be marketed from this territory in this manner. Car shortage is the cause. HERE'S NEW TEST FOR ARMY Aviation Students at K. U. Are Now Given Psychological Testa Dur ing Their Training. . Fourteen students of aviation at the University of Kansas are to be given the army aviation psychoicgical tests as part of their university training to help qualify them as aviators. The tests will be made by Dr. F. C. Dock eray, acting head of the university de partment of psychology since Dr. W. S. Hunter was commissioned a first lieutenant , (of psychology) several weeks ago and began testing soldiers psychologically at the army canton ment at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Va. Doctor Hunt and Prof. D. G. Paterson were called from the University a few weeks ago to work With fifty leading American psychologists in army and navy cantonments in applying psycho logical tests to men and officers want ed for particularly exacting forms of service.' ' "The psychological tests that have been worked out for the army and navy," said Doctor Dockeray, "are similar in a way to some of the teMs that have been adopted by great cor porations in selecting men for certain work. Tbb Ford Motor Company, the Curtis Publishing Company and per haps a dozen of the biggest life insur ance companies and other national commercial . and industrial concerns are using psychology in selecting men for responsible positions. In the last ten years applied psychology has made such advances that today in America psychologists are applying tests calcu lated to determine the types of sol diers that would succumb to shell shock if they were put in the trenches in France. 'Professor Paterson of the Univer sity of Kansas volunteered his ser vices last summer In the preliminary experiments in psychological tests for soldiers and with two other psycholo gists examined 940 recruits. These tests are to a degree still experimen tal but should they work out success fully the army and navy as well as the great1 commercial and industrial con cerns will require scores of trained psychologists." TO END WASTE AT FUNSTON Water Return System Planned for Big Heating Plant at a Cost of $150,000. M. E. Miller, supervising engineer of the beating system at Funston, has been called to Washington by Gen. I. W. Llttell, who is in charge of canton ment construction, regarding the in stallation of a return system for water In the heating plant there. Mr. Miller is a Kansas City heating expert. When the contract for the million dollar steam heating system at Fun ston was left last August, it was de cided to release all the water from the heating pipes and radiators through a series of four traps in each building. This meant that every bit of hot water generated by the boilers was lost after making one trip through the pipes. Recommendations were made at the time for a return system, but were not acted upon. The Immense loss of coal, water, and the rough wear and tear on fiie boilers prompted Mr. Miller and MaJ. Fred J. Herman, constructing quartermaster, to Insist upon a return Bysteni, and as a result Mr. Miller has been called to Washington to go over the plans and specifications for a re turn system, which will cost approxi mately $150,000. The boilers use approximately four hundred thousand gallons of water a day when running at capacity, and by linking up the seventeen heating sys tems and using the water over and over again, It is estimated that 370,000 gallons a day will be saved. Any mail clerk in the postofflce at Camp Funston will tell you that the soldier boys get more letters each day than six' times the same number of or dinary individuals. Negress Diet at Age of 117. Marian Hoopson, a negro, who claimed to be the oldest woman In Kansas, died of dropsy at her home In Lawrence. She claimed to be 117 years old. Hutchinson Boy Honored. Although he donned the uniform of a sea sol dier only June 13 last, Lester B. Mc Quillen, Hutchinson boy serving In the United States marine corps, has al ready qualified as marksman, winning the coveted medal and an inccrease of pay. -fc Meningitis at Abilene. Paul Jeff coat, 19 years old, of Abilene, was at tacked with spinal meningitis, prob ably contracted on a visit to Camp Funston. A surgeon from the camp pronounced It severe, but he may re cover. The case is the first there and Is strictly quarantined. Messenger Gin Too Young. Helen Hays, Atchison's first and. only mes senger girl, was compelled to quit work recently by a state labor inspec tor because she Is under. IS years old. She Is 13 and bad a permit from her mother to work. Found Body of Minister. The body of the Rev. Walter M. Eastman of Lawrence, minister in charge of St. Stephen's Episcopal church of Wich ita, was found by a hunter near there with a bullet hole Just below the heart. Mr. Eastman was a graduate of the University of Kansas. -k Fire Ruins Four Buildings. A fire, starting In a furnishing goods store at Lane, from an exploding lamp, result ed in the complete loss of the store, the Masonic and Odd Fellows' Temple and the Citizens' Bank, adjoining it. BROOD HARES NEED MOST DESIRABLE TYPE OF (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Slow, light work nearly every day Is good for the brood mnre. It will make . her healthier and the foal stronger at birth. If it is not possible to work her she should be turned In nn open pasture in the summer where she can get exercise, fresh air and nutritious feed. The maintenance of her own body and the development of the foal require a good, wholesome ra tion which should contain a - little more protein and ash than that de manded by a working gelding. If the mare ia Idle In winter, most of the feed may be roughage, but a heavier ration -must be fed when work ra done. The quantity of feed is de termined by the size and condition of the animal, wEether thin or fat, sick or well, by the appetite, by the amount of work done, by individuality, condi tion of the droppings, and whether the animal is easy or hard to keep. The following suggestions for feeding mares In foal are from Farmers' Bul letin 803, "Horse-Breeding Sugges tions for Farmers," recently issued by the United States department of- agri culture. Grains. Oats is the best grain for the horse ; It Is a light, palatable, and balanced feed. Corn Is a good grain, but is used to better advantage if It forms only from one-third to one-half of the grain .ration of the brood mnre. If wheat is fed, it must be given ground and in small quantities. Barley is a good horse feed; it is more bulky thnn wheat and nearer like oats than cornln composition. Barley is often cooked and fed once or twice a week In the evening for its medicinal qual ities. Bran is an almost essential horse feed. It is a regulator and a preventive of overfeeding. It is bulky. and palatable nnd lightens tne ration. Soy beans and cowpeas are relished by horses and when ' accessible will serve as a useful addition to the groin feed for mnres In foal. They are rela tively rich In protein, and consequent feed Importance FOR WINTER DAIRY Economy inFeeding Cows as In dividuals and Not as Herd Expert Tells of Errors. Quantity of feed ranks next to the kind of feed In dnlry rations. Econo mical feeding demands that cows be fed as individuals, and not ns a herd. Too frequently each cow In a herd Is fed the same amount of grain, regard less of how much milk she is produc ing. By this practice some cows will be underfed, while others will be over fed. It should be understood thnt nn ani mal always uses a certain amount of the food It receives to maintain the body. This Is the first use to which the food Is put, and Is called the ra tion of maintenance. This amount Is required by the nnlmnl whether or not she Is producing milk. All feed above this amount Is used for milk production, or Is stored on the body of the nnlmnl as fat. In the case of the young animal part of this excess Is used for growth. Of the two mistakes mnde In feed-. lng, perhaps underfeeding Is most common, according to C. II. Eckles of the Missouri College of Agriculture. It is a serious mistake to feed a cow on ly enough to keep up her body. - She must receive feed to keep her milk production up to capacity. If a cow loses weight while in milk, she Is not receiving sufficient food. A good cow If not fed enough, will produce milk for a time at the expense of her body ; thnt 1, she will take the surplus flesh from her body, and convert it Into milk and thereby will lose live weight On the other hand, when a cow Is overfed she will begin to fatten In a hort time. This condition may be orrected by giving her only the amount she needs for maintenance nnd for milk production. Such feed ing will maintain practically a uniform weight - Roughness is the first important consideration in feeding cows. A cow EXERCISE IN WINTER BROOD MARE AND FOAL. ly combine exceedingly well with corn. Roughage. Timothy hay is a popular roughage for horses. Brome grass makes good hay which Is equal to timothy hay In feeding value. Orchard grass, if cut In early bloom, Is equal to the best of the hay grnsses, and carries consid erably more crude protein than tim othy. Meadow fescue Is not so valu able ns timothy for horses. Sudan' grass hay is a safe feed for mares, and numerous native prairie grasses fur nish hay that is equal' to timothy. Clover hay Is likely to be dusty, but It has great fattening qualities. Millet Is not a safe feed for mares in foal. Corn fodder frequently is used to feed idle horses in the winter, but there' Is not enough nutrition In it alone for mares In foal. The same thing is true In a greater degree of straw. If either Is fed, good quality hay also should be fed. Unthreshed cowpeas or soy bean hay Is also a valuable; roughage which Is relished by horses. Even the threshed hay contains considerable nutrition. It should not be fed to brood mares if it contains any mold. Alfalfa hay makes an excellent feed for nitres If It Is fed once a day and timothy or corn fodder given at the other feeding. Occasionally alfaif a hay Is not properly cured, causing It to mold badly, In which case it should not be fed to the horses. Farmers have reported occasionally that alfalfa causes the kidneys to act too freely, but It Is likely that this trouble will not be noticed If the alfalfa does not make up over one-half of the rough age. Succulence. Succulent feeds are those which are Juicy, and are easily assimilated. Such feeds have a cooling, laxative effect on the digestive system and stimulate ap petite. The' most common succulent feeds on farms are grass, carrots, rut abagas, sugar beets and sllnge. Grass, although of a succulent nature, is gen erally used as the entire ration through the summer if the mares are idle. is not contented unless her stomach' Is full. She should always have -all the roughness that she will clean up and then the amount of grain she receives should be regulated by the amount of milk produced. A dry cow In good condition should'be fed roughness on ly, and does not need any grain. In feeding grain to milk producing cows, the following rule may be used, and Is found to work fairly well: Feed one pound of grain fbr each three pounds or pints of milk produced. A Jersey cow producing very rich milk may need a little more grain than the amount given. VACCINATION URGED TO PREVENT CHOLERA Expert of Kansas College Out lines Practical Plan for Swine Breeder to Follow. Vaccinntlon Is cheap insurance ngnlnst hog cholera In view of the pres ent high prices of -pork, according to Dr. C. W. Ilobbs, field veterinarian and director of the serum laboratory of the Kansas State Agricultural college. The exact health condition of the hogs and pigs should be ascertained before trentment. The herd should be penned In a clean and disinfected In closure the day before they are treated. This allows the herd to become recon ciled to the new surroundings. One may then take temperatures and come to some definite conclusions as to the condition and health of the pigs. ' Swine that are penned and prepared for Immediate treatment will show ab normal temperature and thus render it Impossible for the veterinarian to give an accurate statement as to their ex act condition. The operator should be required to take the temperature of each indi vidual before administering the serum or virus, and if any of the animals show an abnormal temperature, they should be given only the serum and be Isolated for Investigation. - All those showing normal temperatures may be given the simultaneous treatment Heart of the Giver in the Christmas Gift THINK a little while before setting out about the line In which the tastes of your friend run. Tou will save yourself a vast deal of tramp ing through crowded shops. Sleeveless sweaters are all the go for girls. Lay In a supply of becoming W r '',v I wool and, -between knitting for the marines, make sister a beautiful slip on, with a tasseled belt The picture gives a good 'model. Aprons, "like the poor, are always with us," and many women like noth ing better. Attractive designs in chaf ing-dish aprons, with perky little pock ets, can be quickly and successfully made by even the girl who is not es pecially clever with her needle. If you are clever handling tools yon can make an elegant hand carved tab oret for cigars or a couch-side reading lamp as hubby's best Christmas gift. Use sweet gum wood and select a good design. Get a carpenter to put It to gether for you and give it a coat of stnin or shellac for finish. - Little handmade handkerchiefs of colored linen are a novelty and very simple to make.' ' Either a wide or a narrow hem is pretty, and it should be hemstitched. They should be twelve Inches square. In light pink, pale yel low or gray the linen comes In a fine qunlity at about 85 cents a ynrd. All sorts of cases are so convenient to keep tidy a top bureau drawer or to tuck In a week-end trunk. Raf- It V f 9 fia or the Chinese straw that comes around tea boxes makes good material to fashion them out of. The one pic tured has a ribbon bow strapped by three quaint 'ribbon roses. A boudoir cap with a frill or ruffle Is easy to make. It consists of a big cir cle and the ruffle section. Or a bigger circle can be used and shirred three or four Inches from the edge to form the frllL This circle should measure about twenty-five Inches across, end this measurement allows for a half-inch hem around the edge. .V J I hM. Solutions of The Christmas Gifi Problem IF Christmas giving were regulated by common sense and affection there would not be so many per sons in the shops these days sighing to themselves, ' "Ten more presents and only $51 now will I do it ?"- . Begin with the baby. Crochet In sin gle open stitch a circle of bright wor sted, cord, silk or coarse thread, just big enough to cover a rubber bouncing bull. Run a drawstring through the edges, tie the circle to "fit well over the ball and then attach a long, bright string. Or make him this adorable jacket nnd cap of white cashmere, thej)ther variations being creamy silk nnd white linen. On the folded back, front em broider tiny forget-me-nots to matchi those down the front of the Jacket Hemstitch the cap strings and scallop all other edges. For mother make several skirt hang ers. Purchase a five-cent skirt hanger, next a five-cent pan of gold water color paint. Carefully, gild the two wooden ends of the hanger. Then wrap the wire portion of the hanger with, narrow pale blue ribbon. This will cost five cents a yard, and two yards will be necessary and provide for bows. Grandma will like a knitting bag: crocheted in fine macrame cord, which . rjf rv .1 is lined with cherry-colored silk so her knitting needles won't poke through. The fringe is a big addition, as the cut proves. We have always known of hand era- br'oldered and initialed kerchiefs as gifts for all male members of our so cial circles. But the idea of providing? men with plenty of big, gay sport kerchiefs is new. You may buy by the yard fine linen in sports colors and hemstitch them yourself, or you may buy two-tone kerchiefs and then make red, blue, yellow and green monograms In the corners, just like those in th pictures. Men love to flaunt these gay mementos. ' ' Just copy his signature, transfer It to the corner of a handkerchief and. embroider with the "over-and-over? stitch. This makes an individual gift which will please any man. m !( 1 f I W O &t V Q'3 i ft 3 I v x