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' MEADE COUNTY NEWS. MEADE. KANSAS.
EVENTS OF WORLD WAR DURING 1917 United States Joins Ranks of the Foes of Germany. SENDS BIG ARMY TO FRANCE Russia Ousts Czar, Becomes Republlo and Fall Into Hands of Teuton Led Radical Allies Smash Hlndenburg Line, and Auttro-Germans In vade Italy. Compiled by E. W. PICKARD. January. Jan. 1. Germans defeated Russians In Wallaohla, British transport Ivernla sunk In Medi terranean; 150 lost. Jan. . Bralla, Koumanla, captured bj Teutons. Jan. . Premier Trepoff of Russia re signed and was succeded by Prince Gollt sine. British warship Cornwallla sunk by tor. pedo. Jan. 14. Japanese battleship Tsukuba destroyed by explosion; 163 killed. Jan. 17. German raider In South Atlan tic said to have sunk 16 or more ships. Entente allies sent another note to U. 8. explaining why peace Is not possible yet. Jan. 18. Oermans evacuated Bralla, Roumanla. Jan. 19. Munitions factory near London blown up; many lives lost. Jan. 22. President Wilson, addressing senate, gave world outline of terms on which he believed lasting peace could be concluded. Germans defeated In two attacks at Verdun. Jan. 23. Destroyers fought two engage ments In North sea, the Germans losing several vessels and the English one. Jan. 24. Germans made gains In fierce attacks west of Riga. Jan. 26. Germans took mile of French trenches on Hill 304, Verdun region. British auxiliary cruiser Laurentlo sunk by mine; 350 lives lost. French transport Admiral Magon tor pedoed; 141 lost. Jan. 27. Allies attacked Teutons on all fronts, gaining much ground. Jan. 29. Greek government saluted flags of entente powers. British cruiser Amethyst fought Ger man commerce raider and submarine north of Pernambuco. Jan. 81. Germany announced submarine blockade of all enemy countries, outlined forbidden sones and revoked pledges on submarine warfare February. Feb. 1. Nine vessels sunk by Germans In "blockade tone;" eight lives lost. Feb. 2. Nine more neutral vessels sunk by German submarines, with loss of life. Feb. 8. United States broke off diplo matic relations with Germany; President "Wilson dismissed Ambassador von Bern storff and recalled Ambassador Gerard. British captured 600 yards of German trenches north of the Ancre. Feb. 4. Germany agreed to release Americana taken by commerce raider. German gunboat Interned at Honolulu burned by crew; many German vessels In American ports damaged. Feb. 6. German submarine shelled and sank BrltlBh provisional naval collier Kavestone and killed four men, Including Richard Wallace, American. President Wilson Issued proclamation forbidding American shipowners to trans fer their ships to foreign registry. British reported big gains on west front and near Kut-el-Amara. Belgian relief steamer Lars Krnse sunk by German submarine; all but one of crew lost. Feb. 8. Thirteen vessels sunk by German submarines, with heavy Ions of life. Feb. 7. Anchor liner California and oth er vessels sunk by German submarine; 41 lost on California. Senate indorsed President Wilson's ac tion toward Germany. Feb. 8. British steamer Tttrlno and nine other vessels sunk bv Germane. British torpedo destroyer sunk by mine; many lives lost. Feb. 10. Ambassador Gerard left Ger many. Germany, through Swiss minister, In formally proposed parley with U. S. Feb. 12. President Wilson refused parley sought hy Germany. American schooner Lyman M. Law de stroyed by Austrian submarine. Feb. 13. Germany announced period of grace for all vessels In "barred rones" had expired! White Star liner Afrlc sunk by subma rine. . Feb. IB. Germans opened new offen sive in Champagne. Feb. 16. Great Britain announoed clos ing of Germany's North sea coast to ship ping by mine field. Feb. 17. British smashed German lines on both sides of Ancre river. TJ. S. sent peremptory demand to Ger many for release of Tarrowdnle prisoners. Germnn submarine sank Italian trans port: 998 lives lost Feb. 22. Germany freed the Tarrowdale prisoners. Feb. 24. Holland aroused by sinking of 7 Hutch steamers by German submarines. Germans In Bomme region retreated on wide front, abandoning five towns. Feb. 26. German submarine sunk Cunar der J-aconla oft Irish coast; 12 lost. Includ ing THrs. A. H. Hoy and dnuehter of Chi cago, and one Amerlcnn memher of crew. British and Gorman destroyers fought in English Channel. Feb. 26. President Wilson asked con gress to grant him powers to protect American shipping. British took Kut-el-Amara from Turks. German destroyers bombarded Rrond stalrs and Margate, killing woman and child. Feb. 27. President Wilson declared La conla case was an "overt act." Feb. 28. U. S. government revealed German plot to Join with Mexico and Japan In making war on United States. British occupied Gommecourt and other villages In Ancre region. French destroyer Casslnl torpedoed; 106 lost. March. March 1. House passed bill empowering president to arm American merchant ves sels. March 2. Germany announced all ves sels would be sunk hereafter without warning. March 8. Russia reported capture of Hamadan, Persia, from Turks. March 4. Austrian attack east of Gorltz repulsed with great losses. March 8. Austria Informed XI. 8. It In dorsed German submarine warfare pro gram. German-Hindoo plot to Invade India through China revealed by arrests in New York. March 9. President Wilson ordered the arming of U. 8. merchnnt vessels. March 11. Bagdad captured by British. March 12. Revolution begun in Petro grad. Germans abandoned main defensive sys tem east of Bapaume. American steamer Algonquin torpedoed wlttout warning. March 13. China severed diplomatic re lations with Germany. Russian Imperial cabinet deposed by dur.ia. March 14. Germans In great -retreat along Somme front. March 16. Czar Nicholas abdicated Rus sian throne for himself and his son. Russians captured Hamadan, Asiatic Turkey. March 17. British took Bapaume and French took Roye. Zepp-ellns raided London; one shot down near Complegne, France. Brlaiid cabinet In France resigned. March 18. American freighters Vlgllan cla, City of Memphis and Illinois, sunk by German suhmprlne; 22 perished. British and French advanced 10 miles on 70-mlH front and took Peronne, Chaulnes and Jioye. Mrrh 19. Germans made .new fierce drive at Verdun, but were repulsed with enormous losses. Rlbot formed new French cabinet. March 20. French battleship sunk by German submarine in Mediterranean. March 21. British took forty more towns in f rance. American steamer Healdton sunk with out warning by German submarine; 21 of crew Killed. March 24. Russians took Kerlnd, Per sia. March 26. French occupied Folembray and La Feuuiee, south or coucy forest. British captured Lagnicourt. March 28. New Russian government In stalled. . March 80. British captured villages of Kuyaicourt, Horei-ie-urand ana tins, ana gained ground near Heudlcourt, April. April 1. British captured Savy, Ven del lea. Eoehy and Pelzlere. French reached outskirts of Vauxaillon and Laffaux. Armed American shin Alton sunk hv German submarine off French coast; 19 ui uivw Bt&vea. April 2, President Wilson, addressing special session of congress, asked formal resolution mat state of war was In exis tence between the United 8tnte anil u.r. many, and called for co-operation with entente allies to defeat German autocracy. April I. United States and entente of- -W.I. cunierence lor lull co- "?u war against uermany; Sena tor La Follette blocked senate action on " " icuiuiiun lur one aay. April 4. Senate passed resolution declar ing state of war between U. B. and Uer many. by a vota nfH In I Germane forced crossing of Stokhod river In Volhynla, April (.House passed war resolution by vote of 873 to 60: President Wilson signed It and Issued a proclamation to world and ordered navy mobilised at once. All German vessels in American iu oimu ana many supposed Ger man Plotters were arreate1 iApr'L 'German cruiser Cormoran. Interned at Guam, blown k ,. Cuba and Panama declared state of war wii ixvmiuny. U. S. government took over every wire less plant In the country. April 8. Austria broke off diplomatic relations with U. S. April 9. British advanced two to three ...,.: uii iwuvD mue ironc near Arras, smashing German line and taking Vlmy ridge and manv towna American steamer Seward sunk In Medl- Jv " """nan suomarine. General munitions board for American " ujr cum navy creaiea. April 10. Brazil severed relations with Gerjiany; Argentina declared It supported the position of the United States; Chill decMed to remain neutral BrltlBh made further big gains east of April 11. CoBta Rica declared It sup- BprlBd the position of the United States; 'ruguay proclaimed its neutrality. U. 8. senate passed army bill appro priating 1281,136,496. v April 12. British naval men met In first allied council with U. S. officials in Washington. War department called for volunteers for duration of war. Bulgaria severed relations with U. S. April 13. Bolivia severed relations with Germany. British and French made further big ad vances on west front. April 14. HouBe passed $7,000,000,000 war revenue authorization bill without dissent ing vote. April 16. Brtlsh patrols entered suburbs of Lens. Germans routed at Lagnicourt with ter rible losses. President Wilson Issued address to na tion calling for full, united service. British trannnnrt Arrnritnn tnmaAnoA 279 lost. British transport Cameronla sunk; 140 iosi. April 18. President Wilson tasiutri time. lamatlon warning agalnts the commission of treasonable acts. Congress appropriated 8100.000.000 for emergency war iuna. l-Tench opened great offensive on 25 mlle front between Solssons and Reims. taking 10,000 prisoners. v rencn liner tsontay torpedoed ; 46 lives lost. April 17. Senate unanimously passed 87 000,000,000 bond Issue bill. Germans sank two British hospital ships loaded with wounded British and Ger mans. April 1R. French hit Germans hard be tween Reims and Auberlve and repelled great counter-attacks. April 19. American liner Mongolia sank German submarine In Irish sea. French took strong positions near Craonne. Nicaragua Indorsed course of United States. April 20. Russian council of workmen's and soldiers' delegates declared against separate peace. Two German destroyers sunk off Dover. April 21. British war commission arrived In United States. Turkey severed relations with United States. German destroyers shelled Calais, kill ing civilians. April 22. British resumed grand offen sive on west front. April 23. British airmen destroyed 40 German airplanes. April 24. French war commission ar rived In United States. British made further advances In Arras sector In face of desperate opposition by Germnns. April 25. German destroyers bombarded Dunkirk but were driven off. April 26. German destroyers shelled Ramsgate. American tanker Vacuum sunk by sub marine; naval lieutenant and 9 gunners lost. April 27. British occupied Arleaux and half of Oppy. April 28. Congress passed army bills with selective conscription features. Guatemala severed relations with Ger many. April 29. General Petaln made chief of French staff. April 80. Senate authorized president to use Interned German and Austrian boats at once. Scries of air attacks made on Zeebrugge. American armed steamer Rockingham sunk by submarine; 16 missing. Greek steamship Parthenon sunk by German submarine: loss $4,000,000. May. May 2. Dr. Lauro Mueller. Brazilian foreign minister and pro-German, re signed. May 8. Chilean minister to Germany demanded his passports.' i British began new offensive west of Qucant and took Fresnoy. U. 8. and Canada agreed to regulate price of wheat. May 4. French captured Craonne. House passed espionage bin with modi fled press censorship clause. British transport Transylvania torpe doed; 413 lives lost. May 6. French mnde big adance on four mile front southwest of Laon. May 6. Bolivia severed relations with Germany. Mass meeting at Solonlkl proclaimed deposition of king of Greece and his dy nasty. May 7. Coalition government of provi sional government and soldiers' and work men's delegates formed in Russia. May 8 Germans recaptured Fresnoy from British. Allies began offensive on Macedonian front. May 9. British regained part of ground lost at Fresnoy. May 10. Army bill conferees fixed age for conscripts at 21 to 30. May 11. Italy reported destruction of 13 German submarines In one week. Chicago board of trade stopped trading In May wheat. ( May 12. British again hit the Hlnden burg line, establishing themselves near Bullecourt. May 13. British took most of Bullecourt and part of Itoeux. May 14. Senate passed espionage bills without prohibition and press censorship clauses. President ordered army brought to full wnr strength of 293.000. Officers' training camps opened. Italians attacked along the whole Tsonzo front, gaining ground north of Gorltz. May 15. Chancelor Hollweg before the Reichstag refused to discuss Germany's ponce alms. Trading In wheat futures stopped In six middle west exchanges. Italians made big gnlns on Jullnn front, taking Monte Cucco nnd Monte VortW. May 16. British repulsed terrific attacks near Gavrelln ard around Bullecourt, Ger mnns suffering heavy losses. British admiralty announced arrival of squadron of American destroyers In Eng lish waters. Russian cabinet reconstructed, Mllukoff retiring. May 17. Senate passed army draft bill. British completed capture of Bullecourt. Italians captured Duino, 12 miles north of Trieste. , May 18. President Wilson ordered one division, commanded by General Pershing, sent to France at once. He also signed the army draft bill and set June 6 for registration day. Honduras severed relations with Ger many. May 19. President Wilson selected H. C. Hoover as head of a food control board. Nicaragua severed relations with Ger many. Senate passed the $3,342,000,000 war bud get. May 20. British renewed attacks near Bullecourt, winning a mile front. Austrlans began counter offensive in the Trentlno. May 21. Two Chicago nurses on way to France killed at sea by fragments of shell during gun practice. May 22. State department protested to Germany against the detention of Ameri can citizens. May 23. House passed war tax bill car rying $1,870,000,000. Secretary Lansing refused passports for American delegates to Stockholm social ist peace conference. American ship carrying supplies to Switzerland sunk by torpedo. Premier Tlsza and entire Hungarian cabinet resigned. Premier Tuan Chi Jul of China dis missed. May 24. Italians broke through Austrian front from Castagnavlzza to Gulf of Trieste, taking 9.000 prisoners. German airships raided eastern counties of England. May 25. First' American field service corps went to front in France. Germans made air raid on southeastern England, killing 76 and injuring 1744. May 27. Italians again broke through Austrian lines. Chlng-Hsl made premier of China. May 28. Plots to defeat the conscription law thwarted by arrests In several states. Italians captured San Giovanni and Aus trlans ordered non-combatants to leave Trieste. Food survey bill passed by house of rep resentatives. May 29. War department Issued call for 100,000 volunteers for regular army. London reported sinking of hospital ship and armed crulBer by submarines. Brazil chamber of deputies authorized revocation of neutrality decree. May 81. President Wilson sent note to Russia telling America's war alms. Brazil senate authorized alliance with other states "to defend the American re publics." June. June 1. Russian soldiers assumed con trol" of fortress of Kronstadt. Three Chinese provinces declared their Independence because of pro-German pol icy of the government at Peking. Juno 2. Senate passed first of admin istration's food bills. Fourteen German and Hindoo plotters Indicted, by federal grand jury at Chicago. U. 8. railroad commission to Russia ar rived at Vladivostok. June 8. American commission to Rus sia, headed by Root, reached Russian port. i rench repulsed five great attacks south of Laon. June 4. Brusslloff made commander In chief of Russian armies. June 6. More than ten million young Americans registered for the National army.' British squadron bombarded Ostend and sank German destroyer. Germnn aviators raided naval base 111 the Medway near London, but were driven off. losing eight machines. British made big advance on north bank of the Scarpe. American liner sank German submarine after long fight. June 7. British began great offensive In Belgium, blowing up Meslnes ridge and advancing 6 miles on a-nine front, straightening out big salient. Naval collier Jupiter laden with sup plies for Pershing's army and escorted by American warships arrived at France. Kronstadt rebels submitted to Russian provisional government. June 8. General Pershing and staff ar rived In England. Germany broke off relations with Haiti. June 10. General Pershlng'B staff ar rived In France. Heavy fighting renewed In the Trentlno, Italians making gains. June 12. King Constantino of Greece, forced by the allies, abdicated In favor of Prince Alexander, his second son. British advanced on twe mile front be vond MeBslnes. taking Gnsoard. American steamship Petrollte reported sunk by suomarine. June 13. Germans made air raid on Lon don, killing 97 and wounding 437. Army and navy deficiency appropriation hill carrying $3,000,000,000 passed by COn eTeSS. Prince Alexander took oath as king of Greece. June 14. British made big advance east and south of Messlnes. June 16. Liberty loan heavily over-sub scribed when books closed. Count Ksterhazy formed coalition cabi net for Hungary. President Wilson signed $3,000,000,000 war budget and espionage bills. .Tune IS Russian council of workmen and soldiers declared Itself against sepa rate peace and expelled Robert Grimm. Swiss socialist, for bearing German offer of peace. American oil steamer John D. Archbold sunk by submarine; 6 lost. June 17. Russian duma ordered Imme diate offensive bv Russian armies. Two Zennellns raided coast of Kent, one being destroyed. June 20. President Wilson issued can for 70,000 volunteers for regular army. June 22. French repulsed violent attacks of Germnns on the Chemln des Dames. June 23. House passed food control Dill with "hnne dry" amendment. June 25. President Wilson appointed an exports council composed of the secre taries of state, agriculture and commerce and the fond administrator. Greek cabinet Headed oy zaimis re signed. French made decided gains near llurte- blse. June 26. American coal barons agreed to fixing of prices. President appointed medical and food commission to go to Russia. First contingent of Pershing's army landed In France. June 27. Second contingent of Pershing's armv landed In France. Congress of workmen's and soldiers' delegates of all Russia adopted resolution reflecting any move for separate peace. New Greek cabinet headed by Venlzclos took onth of office. French cruiser KleDer sunK ny mine; 38 lost. June 28. Brazil revoked Its decree of neutrality In war between entente allies and Germany. June 29. Greece broke off diplomatic re lations with Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and Turkey. June 30. Russians openea onensive on wide front In Oallelii. French and Germans Iteming pitteriy on Dead Man hill. July. Julv L Rusrlaus captured Konluchy. Gallcla. and Turkish strongholds In the Caucasus. July 3. French repulsed great uerman attack near Cerny. Transports with Pershing's norses ana ammunition reached France. Julv 4 Germnn aviators raided Har wich, killing 11; two airplanes destroyed. July 5. Violent battle between Kussians and Germnns near Brzezany. Julv 6. Sinking of American steamship Orleans by submarine announced. Julv 7. Russians successfully attacked In Plnsk sector. Germans mnde air raid on London. Kill ing 37 nnd losing a number of planes. Senate adopted food bill clauses prohl biting use of foods for distillates and di recting tt)e commandeering of all whisky now In bond. Julv 8. President Wilson proclaimed an embargo on shipments of food, fuel, steel nnd munitions, to cut otT supplies from neutral countries to Germany excent dairy products for non-combatants In exchange ror coai. Russians took three villages and 7.000 prisoners west of St.inlslau. juiy . iew AUHiimn cauinei resigned. President Wilson called entire National Guard and Its reserve Into the federal service bv Ainrust 6. Amerlcnn stenmcr Kansan destroyed by submarine. British battleship Vnngunrd destroyed bv Interior exnl-'s'nn: Sfl lost. July in. R'issl.i"-. hrn'-e Teuton line east of I Pifh"r b"1 took Hslics. Germans smashed British line on Nleu nnrt front in Belgium. July II. President Wilson called on American business Interests to aid nation by foregoing unusual profits in selling to the nntlon and the Dubllc. Russians captured Kalusz, headquarters or reuion army in uaucia. July 12. Russian advance checked west of Bohorodozany. July 14. Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg resigned and Dr. G. E. Mlchaells succeed ed him. House passed JC40.000.000 aviation bill. July 15. French took Important hill po sitions irom uermans west oi fteims. July 16. Russians took Lodziany from Austrlans, but evacuated Kalusz. July 17. French took German trenches near Malancourt. Three members of Russian cabinet re signed; riots In Petrograd suppressed. Shake-up In British cabinet. July 19. Great German attack between Craonne and Hurteblse partly successful. Chancellor Mlchaells declared himself for the submarine warfare. Finland diet adopted Independence bill. In Vllgna region Germans drove back Russians because some Russian regiments held meetings to decide whether to obey orders. July 20. Draft for American National army held. Premier Lyoff of Russia resigned and was succeeded by Kerensky. Germany called 2.O00.O0C of her youngest men to the colors. July 21. Senate passed food Control and aviation bills. Russian troops In disorderly retreat, burning villages. July 22. German aviators raided Eng land, killing 11 in coast towns, but being driven away from London. Slam declared state ef war with Ger many and Austria-Hungary. Russians burned and evacuated Tarno pol. July 23. Government of national safety created in Russia and Kerensky given ab solute powers. Germans lost heavily in attacks along the Chemln des Dames. July 24. Goethals, Denman and White out of shipping board; Read Admiral Capps, E. N. Hurley and Balnbrldge Colby appointed to succeed them. Secretary McAdoo asked congress for $5,000,000,000 more for war. Russians evacuated Stantslau. , French defeated Germans on Craonne plateau. July 26. Mutinous division of Kornlloff's Russian army reported blown to pieces with Its own artillery. Russians and Roumanians in South Car pathians broke Teuton line. National Guard of 19 states and District of Columbia mobilized. July 26. Teutons took four more Gall clan towns from Russians. Germans repulsed In Champagne, but made slight gain on Aisne front. Allied conference in Paris declared war must be fought to the finish. July 27. Austro-Germans continued their advance In Tarnopol region. July 28. Germany yielded to Argentine demands concerning submarine warfare. Landing of more American troops In France announced. War Industries board, F. N. Scott chair man created. . July 29. Germany and Austria-Hungary officially put out peace talks. Russians retired beyond their border near Husiatyn. French repelled fierce attack, on Alone front. ' July 30. Germans penetrated Russian territory east f Zbrocz, but Russian re sistance kuffened. Henry Chapman Gilbert, Washington, first man accepted for National army. British cruiser Ariadne torpedoed; 33 killed. July 31. Anglo-French forces opened great offensive In Flanders on 20 mile front taking 11 villages and 6,000 prisoners. August. Aug. 1. British and French gained fur ther ground In Ypres sector, but Germans recaptured St. Julien and part of West hoek. ' Aug. 2. German counter-attacks In Flan ders repulsed. Kornlloff succeeded Brusslloff as com mnnder In chief of Russian armies. Aug. 3. Austrlans captured Czernowltz and Klmpolung. British re-took St. Julien, Flanders. Serious draft riots In central Oklahoma. Holland American liner Noordam dis abled by mine. Aug. 4. Shipping board commandeered about 675 ships under construction. Aug. 6. President Wilson drafted entire National Guard Into federal service. Germans made violent attack on British In Hollebeke. Canadian troops reached environs of Lens. Russian retreat halted near Czernowltz and Chotln. Aug. 6. Chancellor Mlchaells made many changes In Imperial and Prussian minls terles. Premier Kerensky completed a coalition caninet. Germans drove Russians back In re gion of Fokshanl. . American tank steamer Campana sunk by U-boat; captain and four gunners made prisoners. Aug. 7. French penetrated German lines In Champagne In three places. Aug. 8. Roumanian forces opened new offensive north of Fokshanl. Food control bill sent to President Wil son. Canadian conscription bill passed. Aug. 9. Teutons forced crossing of Su chitza river In Fokshanl region. Aug. 10. British drove Germans back two miles In Flanders and French ad vanced east and north of Blxschoote. Russians repulsed north of Fokshanl. Aug. 11. Arthur Henderson resigned as labor member of British war cabinet, be ing accused of double dealing concerning Stockholm conference. Herbert Hoover made American food ad ministrator. Aug. 12. German airplanes raided Eng land, killing 23. Russians forced back In Moldavia, de spite desperate resistance. Aug. 13. Germans took Panclu, Molda vian railway Junction, after hard battle. Japanese mission arrived in United States. Aug. 14. China declared war on Ger many and Austria-Hungary. Peace proposals by the pope made pub lic. Aug. 15. Canadian troops captured Hill 70, dominating Lens and the Loos salient, and entered Lens. Teutons stormed bridgehead at Baltare tu, Roumanla. and took Stroanl. Ex-Czar Nicholas and family sent from Esarskoe-Selo to Tobolsk, Siberia. U. 8. government's plan to control flour and wheat put In operation. Aug. 16 British and French made big gains In Flanders, taking Langemarck and other villages. Von Mackensen drove Russians across the Sereth river. Aug. IS. French made great airplane raids on German positions In Belgium and Qermnny. Italians began new offensive In the Ison zo region. Aug. 19. British line advanced 600 yards east of Langemarck, mainly with "tanks." Manv I. W. W. leaders arrested by U. S. federal agents. Italians made big advance from Plava to the sea. Aug. 20. French drove back Germans In Verdun sector on 11 mile front, taking Avocourt wood. Le Mort Homme summits, Corheaux wood and Champneuvllle. Aug. 21. British forced their way fur ther into the defenses of Ins. French, mnde further advances In Ver dun sector. President Wilson tentatively fixed prices of coal In United 8tates. Aug. 22. Germans opened offensive In Riga region. British took Important positions along Tprea-Menln road. Germans made air raids on English const, killing 11. Japanese mission received In Washing ton. Aug. 23. Dr. H. A. Garfield made fuel administrator of U. 8. Aue. 24. British pushed back on Tpres Menln rood. French took Hill 304, Verdun, by storm. Aug. 24. Italians captured Monte Snnto, northeast of Gnrizla. Aug. 25. Italians broke through Aus trian lines toward Gorlzla. Aug. 2(5. British took strong German positions east of Marglrourt. Aug. 27. President Wilson proclaimed embargo to all tlio world to give U. S. ab solute control of Its exports. Russian factional leaders pledged war to victory. Aug. 28. President Wilson rejected the popiVs pence proposals as Impossible while Germnn autocracy exists. Germany promised Argentina Indemnity for destruction of the Toro and allowed freedom of the seas to vessels under Ar gentine flag carrying food. Aug. 29. Austrlans fled from Monte San Gabrlele. Aug. 30. U. 8. wheat committee fixed basic price for 1917 crop at $2.20. Germans made air raid on port of Riga. Aug. 3L French made successful attack northwest of Hurteblse. September. Sept. 1. British destroyers destroyed four German armed trawlers off Jutland. Sept. 8. Russians abandoned Riga. German airplanes raided Chatham, Eng land, killing 108. Sept. 4.-Itallans captured Monte Ban Gabrlele. German submarine shelled Scarborough and airplanes bombed London. Sept. 6. American National army began movement to cantonments. Federal agents raided I, W. W. quar ters throughout country. Organized labor met In Minneapolis to form loyal organization. American merchantmen under convoy attacked by U-boats; two steamships and one submarine sunk. Sept. 6. House passed war credits bill authorizing $11,638,945,460 In bonds and cer tificates. Bept. 7. Atlantic transport lines Minne haha torpedoed; 60 dead German aviators bombed American hos pital camp, killing five. Sept. 8. Secretary Lansing exposed vio lations of neutrality by Swedish officials In Argentina and Stockholm, in transmitting German cablegrams advising sinking of Argentine vessels. French cabinet resigned 8ept. 9. Kornlloff, commander In chief of Russian armies. heartoH mllltnf-v .nun. ter revolution and was dismissed by Ker-J 8ept. 10. Senate passed war revenue bill totaling' $2,411,670,000. Paul Palnleve became French premier. Sept. 1L Austrlans failed in desperate attacks on Monte San Gabrlele. Sept. 12. Count Luxburg, German min ister to Argentina, given his passports; anti-German riots in Buenos Aires. Kerensky made commander in chief of Russian armies. Trading with the enemy bill passed, with amendment forbidding publication of war comment in German without English translation. Council of three given supreme author ity in Poland by Germany and Austria, Sept. 13. Kornlloff 's revolt collapsed Secretary Lansing exposed unneutral action of former Swedish charge In Mexico Russian army advanced toward Riga, Sept. 14. itallana drove Auatnans tiom Monte San Gabriels summit. Sept. 16. Senate passed bill for $11,538, 96MM) bond Issues. British naval aircraft destroyed one Ger man destroyer and some trawlers near Os tend. Sept. 16. Premier Kerensky proclaimed Russia a republic. bept. I?. cosia Rica broke off relations with Germany. Uermany apologized to Argentina for Luxburg's actions, but Argentina demand ed full formul explanation. Roumanians tooa Uerman positions near Varnitza. Sept. 18. Russia began reorganization of army, suppressing soldiers' committees. House passed Ji'.144,ooo,000 deficiency war supply bill. Sept. 19. Argentine senate voted for break with. Uermany. . Sept. 20. British began great ' offensive east of Ypres. President Wilson named board to adjust War labor troubles. Sept. 21. Secretary LanBing published message of Von Bernstorff to Berlin ask ing leave to spend $5u,U00 "to lnlluence con gress." Costa Rica severed diplomatic relations with Germany. Uermany and Austria replied favorably to pope's peace proposal. General Bliss succeeded General Scott as chief of staff, U. S. A. . Germans broke through Russian line at Jucubstadt. Sept. 22. Secretary Lansing revealed de tails of Bernstorft's plotting beiore U. S. entered the war. Fierce fighting continued In Flanders. British bombarded Ostend. Sept. 23. Secretary Lansing disclosed German abuse of U. S. protection by con cealing in Bucharest legation explosives and disease germs after U. S. had tuken It over. Russians took German positions near Pskoff. Sept. 24. German airplanes raided Eng land, killing 20. War industries board and producers cut steel prices in half. Germans lost heavily In attacks near Verdun. Sept. 25. Germans made two more air raids on England. Argentine chamber of deputies voted to sever relutions with Germuny. U. S. senate passed $8,000,000,000 war de ficiency bill. Sent. 26. British took strong nositions frum Germans east and northeast of Ypres. Germany offered to evacuate Belgium under certain conditions. Peru presented ultimatum to Germany concerning sinking of bark Lorton. Strike of iron workers at San Francisco ended. Gen. Soukhomllnoff, former war minis ter of Russia, sentenced for life for high treason. Sept. 27. Democratic congress met In Pe trograd. Sept. 28. Many I. W. W. leaders Indicted for seditious conspiracy. Sept. 29. British captured Ramadie, Me sopotamia, and Its large garrison. German airplanes raided London. British airplanes bombed Zeebrugge. Rioters at Essen demanded peace and food. Sept. 30. Two more air raids made on London. Fuel Administrator Garfield set limits for retail prices of coal. Italians made big gains on Balnslzza plateau. Great mass meeting for peace held in Frankfort. ' Revolt in Russian Turkestan. October. Oct. 1. Heavy attacks of Germans re pulsed by French and British, and of Aus trlans by Italians. Four groups of German airplanes raid ed London and coast towns. Second Liberty loan campaign started. French airmen made reprisal raids on Frankfort Stuttgart, Treves and Cob lenz, and British bombed Zeebrugge locks. Oct. 2. British repulsed six desperate German attacks In Flanders. British cruiser Drake torpedoed; 19 killed. Oct. 3. President Wilson signed the war tax bill. Russian democratic congress voted against a coalition government. Oct. 4. British won great battle east of Ypres. Oct. 6. French repulsed violent attack on Hill 344. Oct. 6. Peru broke off relations with Germany. Congress completed Its war program and adjourned. Oct. 7. Uruguay severed relations with Germany. Oct. 8. Pershing and Bliss commissioned generals. Oct. 9. British and French made an other big advance In Flanders. Oct. 10. Secretary Lansing revealed Bernstorft's part In German sabotage plots In America in 1916. President Wilson directed the food ad ministration to license after Nov. 1 manu facture, storage. Importation and distri bution of about 20 prime commodities. Oct. 12. British gained half mile on six mile front In Flanders. Germans captured part of Island of Oesel In Gulf of Blga. Oct. 13. Germans took Arensburg, capi tal of Oesel Island. Oct. 14. President Wilson created war board to stop trading with the enemy and took other steps to curb enemy activities In America. One Russian and two German torpedo boats sunk In battle near Oesel. Oct. 15. Destruction of French steamer Medle by sumbarine announced; 250 lives lost. Oct. 17. Two German raiders sank two British destroyers and 12 Scandinavian merhantmen they were convoying In tho North sea. Oct. 17. Germans In full possession of Is land of Oesel. American transport Antilles torpedoed; 67 lost. Oct. 18. Germans captured Moon Island from Russians. Oct. 19. Germans made air raid on Lon don, killing 34. Oct. 20. Four Zeppelins destroyed by the French. Oct. 22. French and British made thou sand yard advance on mile and a half front In Flanders. Oct. 23. French broke through Genuao lines north of tne Aisne, inflicting heavj losses ar.l taking 8,000 prisoners. American troops went Into first Ha trenches and fired first shot at Germaaa. Oct. 24. Austrlans and Germans hsgsil offensive along Isonzo front. Oct. 25. French made another big gala In Aisne sector. Austro-German attack drove Italians back to frontier on -the Julian line forc ing abandonment of Bainslzza plateau; 30.000 Italians captured. Oct. 26. British and French made big at tack east of Ypres. Brazil declared state of war with Ger many existed. Italian cabinet resigned. Oct. 27. Italians In general retreat, M 00S captured; Teutons advanced beyond Civt dale. French and Belgians captured Merck ens peninsula south of Dlxmude. Second Liberty loan over-subscribed. Oct. 28. French in Flanders took vil lage of Luyghem. Oct. 29. AuBtro-Germans took Corraons. Oct. 30. Austro-Germans took Udlne and broke through Carnlc Alps into Vene tia. British advanced 1,000 yards toward Rou ters. Vlttorlo Orlando formed new Italian cabinet. Count George von Hertllng made Ger man Imperial chancellor, Mlchaells havlnf resigned. Oct. 31. Berlin reported 120,000 Italians and more than 1,000 guns captured. Hoover closed Elgin butter board for pe riod of the war. American transport Finland struck by torpedo; eight men killed. November. Nov. 1. Italians re-formed behind the Tagllamento. British announced capture of Beershebs. Palestine. Nov. 2. Crown prince withdrew from th Chemln des Dames to the Alletts river. German uprising reported Id southern Brazil. One German cruiser and ten armedi trawlers sunk by British In the CattegaU United States and Japan made compact on open door in China and co-operation us the var. Nov. 3. Germans raided salient held br Americans, killing three, wounding 6 and tklng 12 prisoners. Nov. -6. American patroi boat Alcedo sunk by torpedo; 21 lost. British captured Tekrlt, Mesopotamia, after hard battle. Nov. 6. Italians retreated from Tagtia mento line. British captured Passchendaele and ad vanced 800 yards beyond. Nov. 7. Italians fell back to Llvensa, river. Germans following. Russian rebels seized vital points la Pe trograd. American commission to Paris confer ence, headed by Col. House, reached Eng- tana. British In Palestine captured Gaza. Nov. 8. Russian maximalists under Lenlne Beized government and planned for Immediate peace; Kerensky fled from Pe trograd. Austro-Germans crossed Liven za river In places. Nov. 9. Britain, France and Italy cre ated Interallied war committee; Gen. Dlaa made first commander of Italian armies. Nov. 10. Russian rebel government made, Lenlne premier. Germans reached Plave river In Italy. Nov. 11. Italians repulsed Teutons near Aslago. Loyal troops attacked maximalists la Petrograd. Nov. 12. Heavy fighting In Moscow, fol lowed by compromise. Italians held Teutons on Plave river. Nov. 13. Kerensky and the Cossack badly defeated. French cabinet resigned. Nov. 14. Heavy fighting all along the. Plave In Italy. Nov. 16. Georges Clemenceau became premier of France. Italians Inundated big section about th lower Plave to save Venice. Socialist seized the government of Fin land. Nov. 16. U. S. cabinet decided to de-' mnnd a supreme war council. Nov. 17 Bolshevikl won In Moscow. British light sea forces routed German squadron off Helgoland. British occupied Jaffa, Palestine. Teutons who crossed Plave at Zenaon annihilated. Nov. 18. Bolshevikl generally victorious In Russia; Civil war halted by lack of food. Kaiser refused to treat for peace with, new government of Russia. Berlin police killed socialist rlotera. Nov. 19. Teutons- concentrating big (run fire on north of Italian line. President Wilson Issued proclamatioa putting severe restrictions on enemy aliens In United States. Daniel Wlllard made head of U. 8. war Industries board. American destroyer Chauncey sunk in collision; 21 lost. Nov. 20. Two American soldiers killed and five wounded In artillery combat British opened new offensive between St. Quentin and the Scarpe. Gorman attacks on Italian line ceased. Nov. 21. British smashed through th Hlndenburg line toward Cambral, taking; many towns and thousands of prisoners. French successfully attacked German salient south of Juvincourt. Nov. 22. Furious fighting near CambraL Italians meeting great massed attack between Plave and Brenta rivers. Bolshevikl government In Russia pro posed general armistice. Nov. 23. The Ukraine declare mm. tlon from Russia. Nov. 24.-The British took Bourlon wood, near Cambral. The Caucasus declared' Its Independence. Nov. 25 British and French anaiest reached Italian front. Nov. 27. Superior war council of II formed for United States. British took part of Fontaine nr Caar brai. , Italians repulsed fierce Teuton attacks. Nov. 28. Coalition ministry formed in Russia. Germany assented to bolshevikl plan tar armistice. U. S. government assumed control owtr all Imports. Three Scandinavian kings agreed Da mnintain neutrality. Nov. 29. Interallied war confers opened In Paris. Austria agreed to Russia armistice ptaa. Nov. 30. Government announced safat arrival In France of large numbers of Na tional Guard troops. Germans pierced British lines south Cambral. December. Dec. 1. British regained most of grorol lost near Cambral. and nine German at tacks were repulsed with great losses. Dec. 2. British withdrew from Mas nieres on Cambral front. Dec. 3. 'British repulsed furious attacks near Cambral. United States congress met for seoessf war session. England reported East Africa comptot ly cleared of Germans. Russian deputation began armistice nes otlatlons with Germans. Armistice an nounced on many sections of Russian front. Dec. 4. President Wilson, in his annaea message declared peace would not made with present rulers of Germany, that America would fight to last gun, ant asked declaration of war against Austria Hungary. Establishment of Tartar republic In Crimea announced. British steamer Apapa torpedoed; passengers and the crew lost. Dec. 6. Germans rejected Russians' thant demands In armlRtlce negotiations. Italians lost some positions on Asiaefc plateau. British aviators raided Swelbrucken as Sanrbrucken. British withdrew from Bourlon wendl salient near Cambral. Dec. 6. Italians driven back on AsiaiP plateau. Armistice for ten days declared on Rus sian front. German air raiders killed seven In Eng land. U. S. destroyer Jacob Jones torpedo: 66 men lost. Dec. 7. United Btntes congress declare war on Austria-Hungary. Roumanla accepted armistice with tt enemy. Dec. 8. Great Itallun air fleet made scc cessful attack on Austro-Germans. Ecuador severed diplomatic relatione with Germany. Dec. 9. Kalrdlnes and Kornlloff leadrs revolt of Cossacks against Lenlne govern-' ment of Russia. Pec. 10. British captured Jerusalem. Japanese troops landed la Vladivostok