Newspaper Page Text
MEADE COUNTY NEWS, A1KAOK, KANSAS.
MElJilE HIGH-POWERED SEARCHLIGHTS FOR COAST DEFENSE SOLDIERS' SWORD ARM OF NATION If We Fail in Our Duty Boys in " France Cannot Achieve . Victory. lllf DICTATOR OF UKRAINIA When the Ukraine declared Its la dependence the rada, or governing body, declined to submit to the de mands of the German military authori ties. The latter therefore removed the rada by force and found a compli ant tool. Gen. Pavlo Skoropadskl was de clared dictator of the Ukraine, and proclamations were posted all over the walls of Kiev and other large cities in the Ukraine. General Skoropadskl Is a member of an ancient Ukrainian family. He commanded a Ukrainian army corps on the Russian front, and after the Russian revolution was a prominent' factor In Ukrainian politics. - He Is forty-flve years old. Skoropadskl was called "hetman," which means head man or chief. It Implies military dic tatorship. . Skoropadskl was a military dicta-' tor In every sense of the word, except that he took his orders from Germany. The whole overturning of the rada was staged by Germany. Skoropadskl had previously come to an agreement with General Elchorn, ana the latter's staff arranged the coup d'etat Within a week after assuming the hetmanstvo an attempt was made on Skoropadskl's life. He was wounded In the shoulder by a revolver bullet This incident made lilm more careful of his' personal safety. - Whenever he moved about Kiev he did so with a large escort of German cavalry. Three- fifths of his advisers were German military, financial and economic experts, Since assuming the dictatorship Skoropadskl has worked with the ardor of a fanatic to establish German domination firmly In the Ukraine and to recreate as nearly as possible the social and economic conditions as they were under Ozar Nicholas. PERSHING'S CHIEF ENGINEER MaJ. Gen. William C. Langfltt has been appointed chief engineer of the American expeditionary forces. General Langfltt served in Wash ington for several years. At one time he was in command of the engineer school and depot at Washington bar racks, and later had charge of the Dis trict water supply system and the im provement of the Potomac and Ann costla rivers. In 1012-1013 he made a special study of all available sources for In creasing the wnter supply of the. Dis trict and for utilizing the Great Falls of the Potomac for developing elec tric power for federal and municipal uses. His report on those subjects Is regarded as the standard authority to day. General Langfltt also was Identi fied with the early development of East Potomac park Into a great play ground and for the plans for the recla mation of the fiats of the' Auacostla river. He was born In Virginia In August, 1800, but was appointed to the army from Ohio. Early In the present war he organized a regiment of engineers and went to France In command of them In one of the early expeditions. That his services "over there" are appreciated Is shown by the fact that he has since risen to the grade of major general In the National army. GREAT PRODUCTION ENGINEER "If our Industrial machine were made to run at top speed and maxi mum capacity, according to the laws of production which have already been discovered, America could win the war, pay for It out of hand, live In com parative opulence while we were doing it and be immensely richer at the close than we ever were before." This amazing statement came from one of New York's greatest pro duction engineers, II. L. Gantt. For merly vice president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Mr. Gantt is a practical organizer and ad ministrator of the first rank, whose advice is sought dully by some of America's biggest industrial organiza tions. He is now president of a new organization known as "The New Ma chine," not a corporation with some thing to sell, but a group of engineers, manufacturers and bankers who have united In a plan to reconstruct Ameri ca's Industrial system so that our national efficiency will correspond with the traditional efficiency of the individual American worklngman. "On the whole," said Mr. Gantt, "only about 60 per cent of our industrial machines are actually operating during the time they are expected to operate ; and on the whole these machines, during the time they are being operated, are producing only about 60 per cent of what they are expected to produce." ...r..?ki RULER IN SIBERIA Lieutenant General Horveth. mm. eral manager of the Chinese Eastern. rauroau who is intensely anti-bolshevik, has proclaimed himself ruler of the temporary Siberian government and Intends to restore the political and commercial treaties of Russia with the entente allies. He also intends to repel the bolshevlkl, establish a non political army and restore all property He also has declared himself as in fa vor of religions freedom. The allies' ministers In Pekln at first asked Horvath to withdraw his proclamation on the ground mat he In tended to prevent the progress west ward of the Czecho-Slovaks. The gen eral assured the ministers that, far from offering obstacles, he wished to come to an understanding with the Czechs. The establishment of a new provi sional government for Siberia will the history of Russia and, It Is hoped, the forerunner of a great Russia. The seat of the new government la at Vladivostok, i nd it new flag consist f two white and two green stripes. "TJ" i u Tit A... ..V......'... . i l!Ht, IT 11! r . I ,..,. ,.--.1,. w. 1 rrrnrrTTi'i'rfpTxii These are a few of the high-powered searohllgnts thnt Uncle Sara has fluttered along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. With a marine at the head of each one of these senrchllchts. It will be Drnctlcollv Imnnssihie tnr nr vjino foreign to pass our shores at night undetected. The crews of these batteries are put through a strenuous course of training and know the minute an alarm Is sounded Just What to do. The commanding officer and two government officials mny be seen in the foreground. . AMERICAN TROOPS LANDING IN A FRENCH PORT ? V W.nrn N.wpwr Union-r" ' " ft-ft L 7; A transport landing -American troops In a French harbor. The flow of our soldiers across the Atlantic to Francs Is Increasing each month, according to Secretury of War Baker. - . YANKEES PARADING IN PARIS "JVUJIWsWpiJpMP . ? x Ml 1 FA, ki,i,iwi l:: j riM 'iii. ...in in f" Sil i i' -iin - I ...-.. ,.-.-..,,.., v.-.-, B 7k NADJA BECOMES AMERICAN if ,W 1-4 ITS v 'V-5 American soldiers are constantly being honored by the French populace. Here they are shown parading through the Champs Elysees, Paris. Charming damsels 'are handing them roses. SOME SHELLS THAT FRITZ WILL RECEIVE fll .- aat aalfcis jtttfx )wtwwivi SUkttm 1 a 9 Wateni Nwspnpr Unkm f Here Is some food for Hun reflection, stacked In neat piles at one of England's . largest munition factories, which Is turning -out thousands and thousands of tho deadly missiles dally for Roche consumption. Nadja Frolkova, sister of . Mi Rotchkarova, commander of the Rus Hitin battalion of death, hus adopte Washington as her home and decJnre "I American; Russian, no." That about all the English she hus acquirer She Is living In a girls' camp on h. Potomac near Washington, where the occupants receive military training. She Is sixteen years old, too young to have been a member, of the "battalion of death," but now she Is training to be an American soldier. ' Dream Was Valuable. Warned by a dream a New Tors dentist Increased his lire insurance th) other day. The man dreamed that th building In which he had his officer had been burned down, and that bit office and apparatus had been d stroyed. Early next morning he called his Insurance agent and raised his policy from, $500 to $1,000. His office was damaged slightly by lire few nlghu later- LOAN MONEY TO UNCLE SAM Buying Liberty Bonds an Investment In Lives of Americans "Over There" and an Insurance for Safety of Our Country. By CORRA HARRIS, (Author of "A Circuit Rider's Wife," "Eve's Second Husband," Etc.) During the Thrift Stamp campaign In July, 1918, a prominent citizen was sent Into a backwoods farming com munity to. arouse the. people, and If possible sell Thrift Stamps. - He was not expected to have much success with the sale of stamps because the people were very poor and Illiterate. The effort was to be chiefly educa tional. . , The speaker found a dingy company of farmers and their wives waiting; for him In an old field schoolhouse. - He began his address with argu ments for the support of . the govern ment reduced .to the simplest forms. No one seemed to listen. The men stared straight ahead as If they had something else on their' minds.- The women fanned themselves and looked out of the windows. He changed his manner of speech to an Impassioned appenl ; no one was moved.. He paused perspiring before making a last despairing effort. But before he could go on a tall, gaunt farmer stood up la the back of the house and waved his hand beseechingly: "Mister," he said, "If yon are done- talking, "give us a chance at then Thrift Stamps so we kin sign up and: get back to the field." He gave them the "chance." . They bought nineteen hundred and fifty dollurs' worth of stumps, although- mere was not a man among them who owned property to the amount of two thousand dollars. "We own this land," the farmer sold, addressing the prominent citizen grim ly as he passed up the last pledge card, "we own all this country. The govern ment at Washington belongs to us; we made It and It is ours. The army in France is ours, too; they are our sons. We sent sixty-two boys there from thlb district, and I reckon we know it is our duty to work for them and take care of them while they are busy whipping them Germans." This Is the best, most serviceable and intelligent definition of patriotism ' I have heard since this war began. Victory at Any Cost This Is the most expensive war ever ' Known, siiu oeyona our imagination to conceive of. The enormous destruc tion wrought by the submarines, the terrific sums spent for war materials, the loans to our allies, none of these things account for the incredible ex pense. The real explanation Is that civilization demands that it shall cost everything. Never before has any na tion spent so much to Insure the health of Its soldiers, never before have such provisions been made to safeguard a great army morally. More Is being spent to equip hospitals, provide am bulances, nnrses and doctors to cure for the wounded than whole campaigns cost In former wars Never In the his tory of man has such provision been made to Insure widows and orphans and soldiers from the after effects of wounds and poverty. Formerly when- a man entered the army to fight for his country, his country took his life, and that was the end of It if he was killed. Now the government pays, and pays enormously, for every man who lives or dies in this struggle. . All this Is so ' because as a nation we have developed a sense of justice and honor that re gards any and every expense as sec ondary to the one tremendous obliga tion to Its citizens. Our allies were compelled to fight Germany to preserve their very exis tence, but we chose to fight her when we might have made a shameful treaty with her that would have Insured a shameful peace, because we are not a craven grasping nation, but a natlont built upon Ideals, and It costs more to preserve an tueai inuu it ever costs iv preserve peace, because you cannot buy them you must achieve them. Nothing stands between the world " and this catastrophe but the American people, their honor, their energy, their fidelity and their wealth. Our troops In France are only the sword arm of ; the nation. We, the people at home,, are the body and life of that army. If we fall at all, they must full en tirely. ' We are about to make another loan, of six billion dollars for war expenses. It Is not a gift, but an Investment we make In the lives of American soldiers-' and an Insurance we take out for the safety of our country. To Put Out" Fire. If a lamp Is accidentally upset and the burning oil spreads, do not dash water on It, but throw upon It flour. meal, sand, salt or ashes. The Real Trouble. They talk about people's "biting off more than,they can chew" but the trouble often Is, that they do not chew fast enough. Words are daughters of earth, but Ideas are sons of heaven. Samuel Johnson.