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MEADE COUNTY NEWS, MEADE. KANSAS.
WAR DEVELOPS WEIRD SCHEMES AN ANGEL OF MERCY VlCTORllOVLOVED n the moifirr War Has Brought Popularity to Italy's King. . . HE FEEDS Any mother who worries because ber boy In the United States army Is not getting good food to eat, and plenty of It, Is nourishing a delusion. While bis rations may not suit bis fastidious taste as well as the pies that mother used to make, It is better suited to preserve his health and physical welfare. The life of the army has taught him to depend on the essen tials, and he is content if his food Is wholesome, well cooked, properly di versified, on time, and In plenty. The subsistence bureau of the quarter master's department, under the super vision of Col. William K. Groves, at tends to all these requirements. Not one single soldier has mlsse'd one slDgle meul because Q. M. C the quartermaster department of the United States army didn't have the food ready for him. And the supply has been so carefully selected, the purchasing so nicely adjusted, the transportation so accurately arranged for, that the loss through deterioration or spoiled goods has been only one-half a cent per month per man. As to the quality of the army food furnished by the commissary depart ment, criticism Is lacking. There has been some bud meat furnished the army that had to be condemned,' but this did not come through the quarter master's stores. It was purchased by the mess sergeants from outside ' sources. SHE HELPED BUILD SHIPS V - ; woman among 7,050 men In the plant she worked as a helper in various departments, performing her tasks with an aptitude that won the admiration of her bosses. She is convinced that if labor In this country becomes so scarce that women are called upon to fill the gaps in the shipyards they will not find the work too hard for them. Mrs. Harrison belongs to one of the oldest and best-known families in Baltimore. She is a dnughter of Bernard N. Baker, founder of the Atlantic Transport company, which was taken over by the international merchant marine. ' TELLS OF SURGERY'S TRIUMPH Surgery's greatest triumph during this war has come through a repudia tion of medical decoctions. It has come through the elimination of disin fectant processes in treating septic wounds, and the substitution therefor of the knife. It was not In those words that Col. Herbert A. Bruce, consulting surgeon of the British armies in France, whose professional territory at the front em braces 36,000 beds, expressed it when he was asked what he regarded as the greatest achievement of surgical sci ence since the war began. In peace times he is professor of clinical sur gery at the University of Toronto. "Practically all wounds are in fected," Colonel Bruce said. "We have passed through various stages in the treatment of such wounds, and I think I may say that now, In our serv ice and in the French and in yours, a new technic has developed. This method consists of the thorough mechanical cleansing of the wound, the ex cision of all Infected and damaged tissues, and the primary closure of the wounds In cases operated upon soon after the injury Is inflicted. When conditions do not permit of primary closure in the casualty clearing stations, then either the delayed primary closure or a secondary ctosure takes pla-i t the base hospital.'' i OUR CONGRESSMAN-AVIATOR wi,-. X jf 1 ' American consul at Flume, his mother's birthplace. His thorough knowledge of English, Italian and German, besides various Slav and Croatian dialects, enabled him successfully to perform his duties. Before his election to congress in 1916 he was deputy attorney general of New York state. As soon as the United States entered the war La Guar ill offered his services as an aviator. OUR ARMIES "Many a woman who stands all day over a washtub and an ironing board, cooks three meals and looks after a brood of small children has a far harder Job than most men in the shipyards." This is the conclusion of Mrs. Mar guerite E. Harrison, widow of Thomas B. Harrison of Baltimore, based on a week's experiences In overalls as a shipbuilder for the Bethlehem Ship building corporation at Sparrows Point, Md. Believing that the time may come when the wives and mothers and sis ters of the men who must fight will be needed for shipyard work In the United States, Mrs. Harrison applied for and got her Job, determined to find out Just what a woman shipbuilder would be called upon to do and wheth er she could do it She was the first woman shipyard worker in this country, and as the only Fiovello La Guardla, the congressman-aviator of the United States, has done much to establish the ex cellent relations existing between this country and Italy. lie is an orator and patriot, an American by birth but an Italian of origin and heart, who has shown himself to be an excellent mouthpiece of the White House's di plomacy, a worthy and indefatigable herald of the government's democracy. He was born In New York thirty seven years ago. His father was a military bandmaster from Foggla, Italy, where La Guardla Is at present an officer at the aviation camp. His mother came from Flume, one of the Italian cities of Istria, at present unr der the Austrian yoke. When in his twentieth year he entered the diplomatic career and was sent to Budapest as a member of the United States consulate. In 1904 Sec retary of State John Hay named him One Inventor Would Snatch En emy Rifles by Means of . Magnets. FLEA SHELL IS OFFERED Then There Is the Scissors Plane, the Tally-Ho Cannon, and the Moon Veil Aeronautics Favored by Inventors. London. Pushing the war on Is the latest popular hobby. It's a great amusement. Perhaps you have a tame balloon to snatch the rifles from the enemy's hands by means of suspended magnets; or, maybe, a few spare snakes to hurl Into the trenches by pneumatic propulsion : or, perhaps, a shell with a man Inside It to steer It ot the targpt. If so, pack In brown paper and dispatch to Inventions De partment, British Ministry of Muni tions. Some months later you will receive a polite notification Informing you that your Invention" is receiving their collective and "earnest atten tion." Meanwhile your competitors have supplied suggestions for: A shell to contain fleas or other ver min Inoculated with disease. The spraying of cement over soldiers so as to petrify them. The throwing of live wire cables carrying a high voltage among advanc ing bodies of Infantry by means of rockets. Germany should be attacked In one case by making a "tube" all the way, and In another by employing trained cormorants to fly to Essen and pick out the mortar from Krupp's chimneys. One Inventor proposes a machine of the nature of a lawn mower as large as a tank to make mincemeat of them. .The 8cIssors Plane a New Idea. The clouds are to be frozen artifi cially and guns mounted on them; heavy guns are to be suspended from captive balloons; the moon Is to be covered with a big black balloon; air planes are to be armed with scissors or scythes, like Bondlcea's chariot, or to trail bombs behind them on a long cord; heat rays are to be project ed for the purpose of setting Zeppelins on fire ; electric waves to paralyze th i magnetos. One of the most popular suggestions of all is to attach a searchlight to an antiaircraft gun, get the light on the object and shoot along the beam ; but, unfortunately, the path of a shell Is quite different from that of the ray of light. Most elaborate "decoy" schemes are sometimes worked out for the confusion of the enemy, compris ing In at least one case sham factories with chimneys and hooters complete. Not unnaturally aeronautics .have been favored by the Inventors. Many seem to have thought that the lifting power of hydrogen Is unlimited, for they have suggested armor-plated bal loons, the transport of artillery by airplane and of troops by balloon. Shells and projectiles have received not a little attention. Proposals Include a shell containing gravel to lay a path way over mud ; another containing irri tant powder or sticky substance to hamper machine guns, and another for holding many thousand feet of wire, weights and a clock motor. Many Inventors of a device requir ing a knowledge , of ballistics be tray no knowledge that such a sci ence exists. By one scheme two guns are to be fired simultaneously, the shot being connected by a chain to which bombs and Incendiary de vices, etc., are to be attached. It Is clear that variations In powder or differences In wear would make It Im possible to predict which direction the device would take. Then There Is the Relay Shell. Another favorite subject, mechan ically unsound, Is the "relay shell," a shell acting as a small gun discharged In n.Id-nlr find expelling a small In ner shell, the object being to obtain an Increased range. The fact Is that a shell In flight does not point direct ly along Its trajectory, but mokes an uncertain angle with It, so that ac curacy of aim would be Impossible. In the group of Inventions coming SWIFT MOSQUITO TANKS OF THE FRENCH r On this train, being rushed to the mosquito tanks built by the French that offensive in tie AIsne-Marne region. under the head of motive power the majority are of the "overbalancing wheel" .type, which dates from the thirteenth century. Power Is to be ob tained from other schemes of people walking about floors and up and down stairs; passenger lifts ore to be used as power hammers, and power Is to be generated from the flow of rain water from the rooms of houses. Suggestions are also frequently re ceived in connection with colored searchlights. The most remnrknbln proposition of all In connection with searcmights is perhaps that of a "black beam," whatever that may mean, for obscuring the moon. Many Inventors are absolutely Im pervious to argument or explanation and nre always dissatisfied with the treatment they receive. In this re spect they contrast unfavorably with a foreigner who submitted an engine which would not work, nnd concluded the correspondence with than! i and the admission that he was "completely cured" of the Idea. Postcard 12 Years In Mall. Poughkeepsle, N. Y. Marked "re turned for correct address," a postcard mailed In this city by Miss Bertha Newman of Marlborough to Miss Ethel Hanson in Brudford, Pa., 12 years ago, has been returned. The card, bearing a picture of Vassar college, Is as clean and unruffled as on the day It was mailed. IN HUN PRISON THREE YEARS Doctor Beland, Once Canada's Postmaster General, Cannot See Dying Wife. EXCHANGED AFTER DELAY 8ays Kaiser Envies Hlndenburg Pop ularity and Tries to Appropriate His Victories Saw Cap ture of Antwerp. An Atlantic Port. After being kept In a German prison for three years Dr. Henri Severln Beland; postmaster gen eral of Canada under Premier Wilfrid Laurier, and who lives at Beauce, In the province of Quebec, arrived here, accompanied by his daughter, Miss Jennnette, who was held In Belgium by the Germans while her father was In Germany. Added to the sufferings of his Imprisonment was the death of his wife In Belgium after he had been locked up for 18 months. . His jailers refused to allow him to go from Berlin to see her when she was dying. The news of his wife's death was withheld from him for 11 days, and he was only given the date after he had begged to be allowed to go to her funeral, to show that It was too late. Doctor Beland was only postmaster general for two months In 1911 when the Laurier administration was de feated over the reciprocity question. It was because he had held this politi cal appointment that the Huns would not permit him to leave Germany two years ago when arrangements were made between that country, and Great Britain for the exchange of civilian prisoners more than forty-five years old. During the three years he lost 20 pounds In weight, and his luxuriant black hair became thin and turned gray. The only occupations he hod were to attend the prisoners and the officials of the prison when they were HI and to learn to speak, read, and write Gerrann fluently. He was finally released In exchange for the brother of Prince von Bulow, who was the head of the Krupp Gun company in London before the war. The doctor wus In northern France In August, 1914, nnd his wife was stop ping ut their estate In Cappellen, near Antwerp. He promptly offered Ills services as surgeon to the Selglan I i T tmmm front, are some of the swift, light have proved so efficient in the allied m-Mm I m I This British official photograph de picts most strikingly the part that the Red Cross nurse Is taking In the great conflict that Is now raging. She braves the shot nnd shell of the German guns and sees only one thing, thnt of caring for the wounded. This photo taken on the British western front In France shows one of these "Angels of Mercy" treating a British officer who has been wounded in a car accident Note the gas mask that the wounded man car ries before him In readiness for any gas attacks. army and was with them In the fight ing at Liege. From that city he went to Antwerp and was there when the British expedition sent out by Winston Churchill arrived in October of thnt year. He saw the city captured by the Huns in October. Doctor Beland continued to live with his wife at Cap pellen until she converted the bouse Into a Red Cross hospital and trained herself as a nurse. The doctor talked slowly and stop ped occasionally to think of his words. - He explained that, like the majority of the prisoners he had met, he was suffering from loss of memory caused by his long imprisonment, which had Interfered with the recep tlveness of the organs In the brain. "Up to May 12, 1013," the doctor said, "I practiced medicine among the poor In Antwerp and my wife carried on the Red Cross hospital at Cappel len. Then the German commandant sent an officer to tell me that I was to be Interned. When I pointed out that physicians practicing as civilians were Immune from Internment the Hun officer replied that I was riot receiving fees from my patients. I was arrest ed and taken to the Grand hotel, which was used as a military headquarters and residence of the staff officers In Antwerp. After three days I was sent to Berlin and locked up In the Stadt vogel prison. "The prison fare was rough, con sisting chiefly of black bread, greasy soup and potatoes. This did -not trou ble me as I received parcels of food and supplies weekly from London. The treatment was about as good as It gen erally Is In places of that kind. "When, after two years' confinement, I was allowed to walk In the park op posite Garden strasse In Berlin, I was not allowed to speak to any person. One afternoon I took my escort to luncheon at the Hotel Bristol on the Unter den Linden, which has not changed Its name. The Piccadilly res taurant, I noticed, had been converted Into the Vaterland. Another time I saw a crowd running and, looking In their direction, I saw an automobile go by containing Hlndenburg and his staff officer. He Is the Idol of the German people and' more popu lar than the kaiser. Ludendorff Is regarded as a strong man all over Germany, but never takes the trouble to make himself popular. He does not care what the people think about hlra so long as they do as they are told. "The kaiser envies Illndenmirg's popularity, and whenever the Huns gain a victory he hurries to the side of the marshal and Issues bulle tins and sends telegrams to the kat serin, so that the people believe it Is the kaiser who has gained a victory. All this time my daughter Jennnette was In Belgium living with the family of my late wife at Cappelen, and three times I tried to reach her, first through the United States minister at Brussels and after America entered the war through the Spanish minister. It was no use. She was not molested, however, but was allowed to Join me In Holland after I was free." Toothpick Conservation ) Cleveland, O. The latest conserva tion move on the part of Cleveland restaurants has just been Inaugurated by some of the "eat shops" In refus ing longer to serve toothpicks with meals. What connection toothpicks have with saving for the big fight over there Is not readily discernible to pa trons. Boy, Page Mr. Hoover. Martins Ferry, O. Here's a case for Hoover. Following a wedding here 240 spring chickens were consumed by th guests. Hit Democratic Ways, and Courage III . the Face of Danger, Have Greatly Endeared Him to Both Sol diers and Citizens. 1 The war has cast some kings down' from their thrones and held up others to the scorn of the world. But it has also made some honored and beloved, not by their own people only but by millions of the citizens of other coun tries. King Albert of Belgium is one: King Victor of Italy is another. Vic tor hns not the imposing presence and heroic bearing of Albert, but his soul has risen nobly to the occasion. The extreme democracy of Italy, says Mr. Herbert Vivian in "Italy at War," has always expressed Itself la the freest criticism of the monarchy. During the agitation of May, 1M5, when many persons feared that Italy might shrink from war, the name of King Victor Emmanuel III was fre quently taken in vain. The press pub lished Impudent caricatures and open ly accused him of being swayed by Austrian sympathizers. Poor little mnnt So small, and rather alone! He has a splendid wife, worthy dneghter of the old Hon of Montenegro, and he finds much homely happiness In his sturdy fam ily. But he has been the subject of many slights and much Indifference; ' Indeed, only In Italy is it known how near he was exiled in May, 1015. But the time for pity has gone by, and the king Is now by far the most popular man in the kingdom. He 1 almost a dwarf, with a colorless fac slightly bronzed by the elements, a crisp, manly voice, and a way of laugh ing with his. eyes. He stands erect, with his short legs wide apart His hair Is beginning to grow gray, and there are furrows on his forehead and beside his mouth, yet he bears him self like a young man, walking fast and never tiring, ne speaks little and simply, always to the point, look ing men straight In the eyes and awak ening strong feeling wherever he goes. ' He buzzes about the battle front la a little gray motor, without escorts, and with no precautions for his safety. He sleeps little and cares not where; he la quite happy in an Alpine hut or on straw. His fare is of the simplest a little cold meat, bread, cheese and chocolate and be Is always ready to share It with the nearest soldier. He says "Tu" to everyone In a fatherly way, and welcomes familiarity from the soldiers. They treat him as one of themselves, but none hove ever taken advantage of his good nature. He laughed heartily when an old sol dier called out to him; "Nay, majesty, what be doing here? This Is no place for thee. Get theo gone at oncel" ne Interests himself In all the men he meets. "Dear me," he says, "what a lot of post cards I Are they all for sweethearts? Give them to me and I will send them with my own letters. Such things should not be delayed." "Why do you Jook so glum? No news from your family? Cheer up! I'll send a wire for you to Inquire." The 'soldiers see him praying with glistening eyes over a dying comrade. "For your majesty," gasped a dying soldier as he stretched out his arms. "Not so, my son," was the grave re ply, "for Italy." Another Incident that happened on the battle front gives a picture of the king's courage, In the midst of shell fire a lieutenant who had fallen, mor tally wounded, called a soldier, gave him a few keepsakes to convey to his family and then ordered him to fly. But the soldier tried to carry the lieutenant to a place of safety. Some gunners called to him through the In fernal fire: "Save yourself! Sav yourself I" But still he remained; In the distance a motor horn could be heard, and the whisper went round that the king had left the field. The soldier still struggled with the offl- cer's body, but the lieutenant died In his arms, corpse, the ' Flinging himself on the young fellow exclaimed with tears ; ' "Even the king has gone away!" Then a hand touched his shoulder, ne shook himself, rose and stood at attention. "My dear boy," said the king, "the car has gone, but the king Is still with you." And there he renialned till the end of the day. Enemy Son of British Princess. Claremont, the fine old mansion and property ot Esher, in England, when the greatly lumented and once tre mendously popular Princess Charlotte, daughter of George IV, spent her mar ried life, hus been tnrned Into a girl school under the pressure of war. Th duchess of Albany owns It now, whosi son, the duke of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, Is married to a niece of the German emperor, and Is In the war against us There is a pretty strong feeling lo England against permitting him to la herlt the beautiful property at bit mother's death. The Horrora. of War. "This war is dreadful I" "Why, what's the matter now?" "One can never tell when the laun dry Is coming home." London Tie Bits. Another Yarn Exploded. "She says he Is only twenty-eight "Twenty-eight! Great Scott, slu has son who waa la the first draft" ,