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PEOPLE WHO WORK.
STATISTICS ABOUT AMERI CAN WAGE EARNERS. Numben and Wage of Male and Fe male Employe Compared Proportion of Wonieu Who Work la Increasing, While Proportion of Meal Decreasing. Washington, Feb. 13.- The eleventh annual report of the' bureau of labor, just transmitted to Congress by Com missioner Wright, was prepared, in " obedience to a joint resolution of Con gress directing an investigation rela tive to the employment of men, women and children, and is confined strictly to a comparison of the extent of em' ployment and wages of 1895-06, or "present period" with the conditions in what is termed "former period ante-dating the present period by at least ten years. The agents of the department se cured information from 1,007 estab lishments of various kinds, located in thirty different states and employing 148,3(57 persons a number large enough to insure that the data col lected were thoroughly representative. The ' complete data sought for, how ever, were obtained from 931 establish ' raents employing 04,500 persons in the former and 108,048 in the present pe riod. Of this number in the first pe riod 20,749 were males of 18 years of age or over, as against 43,195 in the second, 4,175 males under 18 years of age, as against 7,540 in the second, 87,I13 females, 18 years of age or over and 0,743 females under 18 years of age, as against 45,183 and 12,751, re spectively, in the present period The male employes 13 years of age or over increased in the present period over the. former period 03.1 per cent, while female employes of the same age : period increased 00.3 per cent. Male employes under 18 years of age in creased 80.0 per cent, while female employes under 18 years of age in creased 89.1 per cent. The proportion of iemales 10 years of age and over employed in all occu pations in the United States rose in its relation to the whole number employed from 14.08 per cent in 1870 to 17.22 per cent in 1890, while males decreased in proportion from 85.32 per cent in 1870 to 83.78 per cent in 1890. For the pres ent period, out -of an aggregate of 79,987 women, 70,921, or S8.7 percent were single, 0,755, or 8.5 per cent mar ried, 2,411 or 2.5 per cent divorced and 244, or 3-10 of 1 per cent unknown. Of the 3,914,571 females 10 years of age or over engaged in gainful pur suits in the United States in 1890, C9.84 per cent were single or their conjugal condition unknown, 13.10 per cent married, 10.10 per 'cent wid owed and 90 per cent divorced.' Of 783 instances in which men and women work at the same occupation and per form their work with the same degree of efficiency, men receive greater pay in 595 or 70.1 per cent of the instances, and women receiving greater pay in 129 or 10.9 per cent while in 58 in stances or 7.4 per cent the men receive 50.1 per cent greater pay than the women in the 595 instances in which they are given greater pay, while the women receive but 10.3 per cent great er pay in the 129 instances in which they are paid higher wages. Out of the 228 instances in which men and children (persons under 18 years of age) work at the same occu pation with a like degree of efficiency, men receive greater pay in 182, or 79.8 per cent of the instances, and children receive greater pay in 24 or 10.5 per cent, while in 23 instances or 9.7 per cent they receive the same pay for the same work performed with the same degree of eiliciency. The men receive 57.7 per cent greater pay than the children in the 182 instances in which they are paid more, while the children receive but 8.0 per cent greater pay in the 24 instances in which they are paid the higher wages. The main reason for the employment of women and girls is that they are better adapted for the work at which they are employed. Other reasons given are that they are more reliable, more easily controlled, cheaper, more temperate, more easily procurable, neater, more rapid, more industrious, icss liable to strike and learn more rapidly. NO REHEARING. The Supreme Court Refuse to Consider Duestrow's Cane Respite Asked For. Jeffkhhon Citv, Mo., Feb. 13. The supreme court en banc refused to grant the order asked in the Duestrow case to compel division No. 2 to trans fer the application for a hearing to the court en banc. Duestrow's attorneys then made ap plication to Uovernor Stephens for a respite for thirty days. I. 1. Rockefeller's Offer. New York,. Feb. 13. At a meeting of liaptists last night at the residence of J. D. Rockefeller, the Standard Oil magnate promised to contribute 8250, 00'J toward paying off the total in debtedness of 8480,000 resting upon the Itaptist Foreign and Home Missionary societies, provided other friends of the societies should subscribe the remain ing 8230.000 by July 1. A Gift From Gamblers. Topeka. Kan., Feb. 13. Topeka's new chief of police, Henry Steele, has been presented with a handsome star by the leaders of the Topeka gambling fraternity. It is made of gold, has a large ruby in the center and the letter ing is of black enamel. Upon the re verse side are engraved the names of the givers. Arkansas Town Wiped Out by Fire. Little Rock, Ark., Feb. 13. The town of Malvern, which was almost wiped out by fire last July, was visited by a conflagration to-day which de stroyed the rebuilt portion. The loss will aggregate $100, 0Q0. Tripoli's Synagogue Despoiled. Tripoli, Feb. 13. The Turkish offi cials having withdrawn the guard from tho Jewish quarter here, a mob of Mussulmans invaded it. pillaged the synagogue aud destroyed the scrolls of the law. TRADETHE COUNTRY OVER Dun Comments on Disruption of the Steel Rail Tool. Nkw York, Feb. 13. R. 0. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade says: "No other event of the week ap proaches In Importance the disruption of the steel rail pool. In two days after it, a greater tonnage of rails was probably purchased than the en tire production last year, ' reported as 800,000 tons, and instead of $28 in Docember and 825 in January, 817 is now the price at which works East and West ore seeking orders, the Car negie company even selling at 817, Phinncrn Hlivrrv. These sales will employ many thousand hands, with an important decrease in the cost oi tracic laying or renewals to railroads. Alsn imnnrtant. la the struo-e-le be tween the two great companies pro ducing Mesaba iron ore, one allied with the Illinois Steel and the other with the Carnegie company, which is expected to bring about lower prices for ore, and to push many mines to their utmost capacity. . But in the war of rival interests wages are already reduced by some large concerns'. Would Order the Lands Opened. Washington, Feb. 13. An impor tant amendment has been made to the Indian appropriation bill by the Sen ate, which provides for a different course than heretofore adopted for opening lands to settlement. The amendment is as follows: "That al 1 that part of the Uncom pahgre Indian reservations in the state of .Utah, except such lands as have been heretofore allotted or selected for allotment to said Indians, is hereby declared open to public entry under the land laws of the United States; provided, that no one person shall be allowed to make more than four claims on lands csntaining Oilsonite." Married In Tights. Detroit, Mich., Feb. 13. Arthur T. Gorman of Baltimore, who is said to be a nephew of United States Senator Gorman, was married last night to Miss Annie Waltman of the Wood Sis ters' Burlesque Vaudeville company. The marriage was performed on the stage of the Capitol Square theater and the bride appeared in her costume of tights worn by her during the regu lar performance. The novelty of the wedding and of the bride's unusual ap parel provoked much applause from the large audience. Justice Teagan performed the ceremony. Negro Robs a National Rank. Saltshurg, Fa., Feb. 13. About noon Cashier J. A. Klingensmith of the First National bank was held up by a colored man and ' forced to hand over $100. The man entered the bank when no. one but Mr. Klingensmith was present and asked for some change. When the cashier looked up the black man held a revolver to his head and ordered him to hand over the cash. Mr. Klingensmith handed out a package containing. 5100, and as soon as the robber left the bank the cashier gave the alarm and a crowd was soon in pursuit. After a hot chase of a mile or two, the man was captured and the money recovered. They Will lluild a Railway. Columbia, Mo., Feb. 13. The organ ization of the Boone Coal company, to operate extensive mines in rich coal fields in this vicinity, has been com pleted. An effort will be put forth to extend the Wabash branch railroad south to the Missouri river and north to l'erry, in Ralls county, in order to connect at that point with the Mis souri, Kansas and Texas. The cap italists have offered to contribute a large sura to sicure the road. Monuments for Noted Mlssourians. Jefferson Citv, Mo., Feb. 13. The Senate committee on appropriations decided to recommend the passage of bills providing for monuments to Thomas II. Benton at St. Louis and to Daniel Boone at St. Charles, where he died. The bills originally provided for 810,000 for each monument, but the committee cut the amount to 81, 500. A monument to (Jovernor Marina duke will also bo favoied. Cattle Thieves Killed. San Antonio, Tex., Feb. 13. A des perate battle between Sheriff Jones and posso and a band of cattle thieves took nlace in Kimball county, Texas, yesterday. The sheriff's tosse had been on the trial cf the thieves several days, and finally came, upon their camp in the hills. The thieves showed fight, and two oi them, J. t'. Johnson and Jim Crain, were killed, and Jack Underwood fatally wounded. None of the sheriff's posse was injured. Palne's Title May llo Valid. Guthrie, Okla., Feb. 13. The terri torial supreme court yesterday after noon handed down fifty-one opinions, involving many of the most important cases ever tried in the territory. The case in which the greatest amount is at stake was that of Veder B. Paine vs. City of Guthrie, involving the titie to one-fourth of the City of Guthrie, aggregating fullv 82,000,000 in value. The court granted a rehearing of the case. . . Old Time Minstrel Dead. ' Kansas Citv, Mo.. Feb. 13. The angel of death entered the city hos pital at It o'clock yesterday morning and stilled the heart of a minstrel whose voice thrilled the audiences of h.ilf a century ago with the rich, full melodies of the plantation. Charles Christie, whose name recalls the earli est recollections of burnt cork artists, closed his eyes in the last long sleep. For Garfield University Purchase. Topeka, Kan., Feb. 13. The special committee of the Senate, appointed to examine the buildings, grounds and equipments of Garfield university at Wichita, reported that the location and buildings were the best in the state for a state normal school and ad vised the state to make the purchase. Commissioner Wright Reappointed. Washington,' Feb. 13. Tho Presl ient to-day nominated Carroll D. Wright of Massachusetts to be com nissioner of labor (a reappointment) CONGRESSIONAL. POSTAL APPROPRIATION BILL PASSED. It Carries Over 80S, 000, OOO Senate Discusses the Anglo-American Arbi tration Treaty Summary of the Week's Congressional Proceedings. Feb, 12. The statue of Abraham Lincoln in the. old hall of . representatives was draped In the American flair and wreathed with flowers in honor of the 88th anniver sary of his blrlh, but the House did not sus pend business. On the contrary, it cele brated the anniversary by discussing the necessities of the postal service and passing the postofflce appropriation bill. The bill as passed carries 895,435,714. The Senate passed a resolution offered by Mr. Hill of New York requesting Secretary Olney to use every effort toward bettering the condition of Sylvester Scovell, the news paper correspondent Imprisoned In Cuba, and to insist on all treaty rights to which he is entitled. Mr. Morgan, Democrat, of Aa bania, offered a resolution for the abroga tion of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. The bill was passed authorizing the appointment of an additional judge of the United States court In the Indian territory Beyond this the proceedings of the brief open session, lasting less than an hour, were of a routine character. In executive session the arbi tration treaty was further debated. Feb. 11. The Senate spent the greater part of the day in executive session debat ing the Anglo-American arbitration treaty. The entire time was consumed by Senators Turple and Morgan, the former in advoeacy of and the latter in opposition to ratification. No action was taken on any amendment or on any part ot the treaty, and but llttlo ap preciable progress was made. The Senate passed the diplomatic and consular appro priation bill and fixed next Wednesday at 4 p. m. as the time for a final vote on the immigration conference report The House passed the fortifications ap propriation bill with but a single amend ment and made some headway with the nostofilce appropriation bill. But the major portion of the day was consumed In a politi cal debate on the financial question which was presented by an innocent provision In a bill providing for funding the debt of the territories. After considerable debate the gold clause was struck out Feb. 10. Senator Morgan, the champion of the Nicaragua canal bill, announced in the Senate his abandonment of that meas ure for the present session of Congress, and thereupon, it was displaced by the bank ruptcy bill. The senutor made this move alter a protracted contest, covering several weeks, which had disclosed the fact that ob structive opposition could not be overcome. He gave notice that he would renew his ad vocacy of the bill at an early day of the coming extra sosslon. The bankruptcy bill succeeded to the advantageous position of unfinished business," but the debate went over until to-morrow. The agricultural ap propriation bill was taken up late In the day and passed at f 3. 205,600. It led to a lively debate, In which Secretary Morton was sharply criticised by Senators Vest, Chandler, Tillman and others. The House passed the Senate bill relating to the carrying of obscene matter by ex press companies and It has gone to the pres ident for signature. A fine of not to exceed J5.000 or imprisonment not to exceed five years, or both, is the penalty for violation. Feb. 9. The most important develop ments concerning the consideration of the arbltra.lon treaty were the offering of an amendment by Senator Morgan of Alabama, providing for the abrogation of the Clay-ton-Hulwcr treaty, and the speech by the same Senator In favor of this proposition. Senator Morgan declared the considerations which called forth the Clayton-Uulwer treaty had long passed away. It was no longer binding on either nation nor was it of any use or value to this nation, though It might be ot importance to ureal uruain in case the Nicaragua canal was constructed. Another Important amendment was offered by Senator Bacon of Georgia. It provides for 'a modification of article 8 so as to re lieve the Southern states from any obliga tion that might arise under the bonds Is sued In the reconstruction days. Mr. Bacon sought an opportunity to address the Senate on the amendment, but was prevented by the fact that Senator Morgan held the floor all day. The House agreed to the llnai conterence report on the immigration bill by an over whelming majority, (217 to 33), and passed two more pension bills over the President's veto. The beneficiaries of the pension bills passed over the veto were both of the class known as "remarried widows." Mr. Cleve land has disapproved a number of these bills, but he has also allowed several to be come laws without his signature. Feb. 8. The Anglo-American arbitration treaty was under consideration by the Sen ate from 1 o'clock until 5: 30. The entire proceeding was behind closed doors. The first half of the session was spen. In debat ing a motion IntroJuced by Senator Hill to consider the treaty In open session, and the most animated part of the proceedings was based upon this matter. The debate was characterized by several sharp passages at arms between the author of the motion and Senators Morgan. Lodge and Sherman, the three last named contending strenuously for the observance of the Senatorial custom of secrecy In dealing with the treaty. It was stated it was the wish of the adminis tration that the public should be excluded from the debates. The only vote of the day was secured on the Hill mptlou, which was defeated, the count showing only 9 for it aud 49 against The negative vote was .cast by two gold Demo crats, Hill and ' Lindsay; two silver Democrats, Roach and Tillman; two inde pendent silver Republicans, Teller and Pet tigrew; two Populists, Peffer and Stewart, and one straight Republican, Brown. At ad journment the debate was still on. The House devoted the whole day to Dis trict of Columbia business and eight bills of more or less local Importance were passed. Feb. 6. The session of the Senate accom plished little save the passage of bills to which no objection was made. In the first part of the day Mr. Thurston of Nebraska continued his speech on the Pacific rail roads. At 2 o'clock the Nicaragua bill came or but gave way to the calendar. There was some discussion of the Cuba resolutions reported by the committee on f elgn relO tlons when reached, but they went over without action. At 3 p. m. eulogies were de livered on the late Representative Cogswell of Massachusetts. The House passed the District of Columbia appropriation bill, and after some routine at 2:45 adlourned. Will Form a 'Whisky Trust. Louisville, Ky., Feb. 13. A secret meeting of distillers from all over the state was held in this city late last night for the purpose of forming a whisky trust of all Kentucky distill ers. Their object is to control the out put and the price of Kentucky whisky. ' Wealthy St. Loul Man Suicides. St. Louis, M, Feb. 13. Richard L. Sharpe, president of the Keystone lumber mills, and a prominent Mason, committed, snicide by shooting here to-day. For two years Mr. Sharpe had suffered from a malady which he be lieved to be incurable. Millions on India Belief Work. Calcutta, Feb. 13. It is officially stated that 2,750,000 persons an) now employed on the famine relief work, in the different districts where the scarc ity prevails. THE ELECTORAL VOTE. McKinley and Hobart Are Formally Da. elared Elected. Washington, Feb. 11. The first public exercises in connection with the incoming administration occurred at the capitol yesterday when two houses of congress in joint session counted the electoral vote of the various states and heard Vice President Stevenson for mally announce the election of Will iam McKinley as President and Gar rett A. llobart as Vice President. Vice President Stevenson, who by law presided over the joint session, took his place by the side of Speaker Reed and then the tellers, Messrs. Lodge of Massachusetts and Blackburn of Kentucky on behalf of the Senate, and Grosvenor of Ohio and Richardson of Tennessee on behalf of the House, ascended to the clerk's desk immedi ately below the Speaker's table and prepared to count the vote. At 1:40 o'clock the Vice President stated that the count had closed and directed the tellers to announce the re- ! suit There was a computation by the tellers. Then Mr. Lodge announced: "The state of the vote for President and Vice President of the United States, as found by the tollers is: Whole num ber of electors, 447; of which a major ity Is 224. William McKinley of Ohio" has received 271 for President and William J. Bryan of Nebraska has re ceived 178 votes. The state of the vote for Vice President is: Garrett A. llo bart has received 271 electoral votes, Arthur Sewell 149 and Thomas E. Watson 27 votes." Mr. Lodge handed the result to the Vice President and Mr. Stevenson arose and repeated the detailed vote, adding the constitutional announce ment that William McKinley and Gar rett A. llobart were elected President and Vice President respectfully for the term beginning March 4. This closed the proceedings, which lasted just fifty minutes and had been devoid of incident or applause. The Senators marched back to their chamber and the House adjourned A CLASH EXPECTED. Only Intervention by the Powers Can Prevent It. Athens, Feb. 13, The warlike ex citement here increased with the de parture of troops for the frontier and the equipping of additional war ves sels for service in Cretan waters. No body seems to doubt that a clash at arms will occur between Greece and Turkey unless the powers intervene; but it is believed here that Greece will bo given a free hand in Crete, and that if she succeeds in annexing that island her right to do so will not be questioned by the rest of Europe, The porte is understood to'have ap pealed to the powers to restrain Greece in this emergency, but nothing further is known of the policy Turkey is adopting, although it is reported that a large force of Turkish troops is assembling at Salonika for embarka ation to Crete, that there is great activity in military circles on the Turk ish frontier, and that a portion of the Turkish ileet is being prepared for active service. ONLY HIS HEAD FOUND. A Wealthy Indian Territory Stock Raiser Murdered. Independence, Kan., Feb. 13. Last night a wagon and team were found in a secluded place in the woods, not far from the road, at the crossing of the Verdigris river, about three miles east of Newata, L T., fifty miles south of here. to-day it was identified as that of Mr. Joel Mack, a wealthy stock raiser, who owns a large tract of land near Bartlesville, but whose family live in this city. His coat and hat were found near the wagon, and indications were that a struggle had taken place. Excitement ran high and upon further search it was found where his clothes had been burned, and later his head, detached from his body was discovered in some underbrush on the river's bank. His body cannot be found and it is prob able that ho was murdered and his body thrown into the river. Peddler Proves to He a Hurglar. Lawuence, Kan., Feb. 13. Sheriff Gowans of Emporia came here yester day to get Tom Berry, alias Frank Wilson, who was arrested here a few days ago for peddling without a city license. Berry had in his possession a lot of articles which aroused the sus picion of t le police, who held him. He was wanted for burglarizing a book store at Emporia. Tramp Commits a Brutal Mnrder. Font Smith, Ark., Feb. 12. A brutal murder was committed seven miles below Mansfield, in Scott county. The victim was a 10-year-old daughter of a farmer named Phillips. A tramp as saulted and afterward shot her to death and fled. If captured, he will be lynched. A Mia.000 Suit Against the Wabash. Mexico, Mo., Feb. 12. Lena Nei meyer has brought suit in the Mont gomery county court for ' ' 310,000 against the Wabash Railroad company. She claims this for damages caused by being put off a passenger train. She was ejected because she refused to pay her fare, being in the habit of riding free. She is only 9 years of age. Against Constitutional Convention. Jefferson Citv, Ma, Feb. 12. The House committee on Judiciary reported unfavorably a bill which provides for a constitutional convention. It is the same bill that passed the Senate yes terday. - No Sunday Closing la Euglaod. - London, Feb. 13. By a vote of 200 to 149 the House' of Commons rejected the bill of Mr. Wilson (Liberal), providing for the closing of public houses throughout Sunday. Public houses are allowed to be open for a time in the middle of Sunday and Sunday evening. President Hunting Affaln. Washington, Feb. 13. Presides Cleveland left the city last night on the light house tender Maple for a day's duck shooting at Widewater, Va, ON IOWA KAJL KATES. PASSENGER SERVICE AND RATES COMPARED. Reply of the State Railroad Commission, to Inquiries by Agriculturists Regard ing Average Receipt and Expenses. Des Moines, Iowa. Correspondence CMcRgo Times-Herald. W. W. Field of Odubolt, pi es Ideut of ttie Htate Atirleuliurul society, nnx lous to enlighten Us members on ihs uior.U of the railroad :ueauou, nought for inioiiuutlon from the state board of railroad commission ers on the following points: What Is the aver age rate of fore in Iowa? What lioei It cost the railroads to carry a uiussuiiisor a mile? How aro we (the agriculturists; to ascertain what rate would be lair on both sides? What is the opinion of the commissioners on the ques tion? In reply an ouou letter has boon writ ten by W. W. Alnaworth, secretary of the commiGslon, saying In part: "The questions But-'gested by you have recently been con sidered by the board of railroad and ware house commissioners of Illinois In responce to an inquiry made by the suuo grange of that stale. Iib ooucluBlon was that It 'would be unwise, unwarranted and unjust to the rail road Interests of the state to comply with this request.' The regular report says: Some of the great trunk lines in Illinois might be able to stand such a reduction, yet tlie smaller roads and thoso which do almost wholly a local business, and which are now and have been for the last two years struggling for existence, would be most seriously affected by It. Such action on our part, would simply Increase the heavy burdens under which they are struggling now. Decrease In Passenger Business. "It is a well-known fact to those who have taken the trouble to invebtigate the amount of passenger business done by the railroads to Illinois during the last two years that there has been a large decrease In the number ot passengers carried. This is duo, in our judg ment, not to tho amount charged for bucIi service, but to the general depression In all lines of business, tho- low prices of farm products and the unsettled financial condi tions which have had their effect on the pas senger as well as the freight business. This question was before us whon we revised the freight schedule in 1895 and the whole ques tion was thoroughly considered. Wo did not think then, and neither do we fuel now, that In justice to both the public and the railroads this reduction should be made at this Ime. K tho country was prosperous our conclu sions might be different The statistics in our office show that for the last three years, 18!)l, 18!to and 1891, the average amount charged by tho railroads per passenger per mile Is a frac tion above 2 cents, although the maximum allowed them was 3 cents. For the reasons above stated we do not feel that this reduc tion should be made by us at this time. We are also asked to recommend this re duction to tho legislature. In view of our conclusion we do not feel that It would b consistent for us to do so. Receipts and Cost Per Mile. "From the statistics given In the report of this commission for 1S95 It appears the aver age amount received by tho railroads doing business in Iowa for carrying one passenger one mile during the year was 2.27 cents. The returns from which these results are ob tained rt" not Include any passengers carried Iree. Tho larpe number of passengers who have traveled upon reductions of rates as per mitted by our statutes ministers ot the gos pel, organizations of our military, excursions on holidays, special rates to meetings of many organizations, state and county fairs are fac tors that reduce the average fare to the amount above stated. It Is obvious, there fore, that tho average must always be lower than the rate fixed by law. The character of the business renders It Impossible to make any rate that will be absolutely uniform. The Iowa report for 1895 shows on,ly ten roads which returned the average cost of carrying one passenger one mile. The average cost of the.',o companies was 2.14 cents. This result Is lss reliable than if It were founded upon returns made by all the roads, which would probably Increase It. In arriving at the cost of carrying one passenger one mile, as abovo given, nothing Is charged on account of the expenses of the railroads for interest, rent3, taxes and miscellaneous fixed charges, and. of course, nothing for dividends on stock. The passenger traffic should, of course, bear Its proportion of these expenses, which con stitute 1 art of the cost of doing the business. From statistics compiled by the Interstate commerce commission It appears that to chargo the passenger business of the rnil roads with Its proportionate share of the fixed charge, not Including anything, however, on account of dividends and crediting it with mall and express earnings, would give us as the actual cost 2.57 cents. Figures on Reduced Traffic. "Tho statement of tho Illinois commission that there has been a general reduction of passciij'cr business is undoubtedly confirmed by the statistics. For the whole United States the number of passengers carried one mile for each mile of railrond In 1S90 was 731: In IMC. it was 68,572. Though tho num ;r of passengers carried was less, the pathcnger car mileage was greater in 1S95 than In 1890, which, of course, increased tho cost per pas senger. In 1890 the total number of miles run by passenger trains in the United States was 285,575.804; In 1S95 It was 317,5Bo,(!15, In 1895 the revenues from passenger service In the United States decreased J3S.103.378 as compared with 1894. though the figures for 1895 Include 2,055.29 miles of road more than In 1894. The foregoing statements, which are based u:on the most accurate statistics ob tainable, at this time Indicate: 1. That at the present time the average fare charged in Iowa s less than the actual cost of transporting the pafsengcr. 2. That within the last three or four years passenger earnings have decreased without a corresponding decrease in tho cost of doing the business. Unless changes have been rocently made that have not come to tho notice of the commission tho following are the rates prevailing In the countries named: England-First class. 4.2 cents; second. 3.2 cents; third. 2 cents. Fjance-Flrst class. 4 cents! second, 3 cents; third, cents. 1 aly First class, 3.6 cents; second, 2.6 cents; thud, 1 8 cents. Holland-First class. 3.2 cents; second. 2.6 cents; third, 1.6 cents. Belg ium Flrst class, 2.4 cents; second, 1.8 centB; third, i - Vents. Except in England no baggage is ,. carried free. Density of Population a Factor. "Tho density of population also affects the volume of passenger traffic. Where the popu lation Is dense there will be more travel than n sparsely settled districts In Iowa i the population per squaro mile Is about . 38 in Ti E-land 54P Be gium, 514: Holland, 350, RaW 268; France, 187;. New York. 139: Ohio, 99 New England, 83; Illinois 75: Missouri 4V Wisconsin, 34; Nebraska, la: Kansas 19: South Dakota 5. "The population per ml le of rnllroad in Iowa Is about 247, in Illinois it Is about Silo" New York. 813; New England. 719; Mlssour 447: Wisconsin. SOfi; Nebraska. 209; Kansas 108; South Dakota. 129. The average raenger earnings per mile, as shown by the fasf renorts to this commission of the roads inerating in Iowa are ?990. The Kansas re port or 1895 shows S4 1, the Illinois report Jl 2 and as shown by the report of the in terstate' commerce commission, they are $4,422 In New England. 14,013 In New York and In Ohio l,9ul." ' Quicker in the Old Days. The Chicago Shade was In a con 'fidential mood and put his feet over ihe arms of his throne. "I 'am a man with a history. When i was on earth I spent my life and my fortune fighting four divorce cases," he 3aid tentatively to the bulky shade on his right. ' "And yet they say the world prog resses," mused the shade of Henry VIII., as he took a retrospective glance at the p&gca devoted to his term in the history books. Pittsburg News. Hermit of Hemlock Beach Dead. Ebenezer Chichester, better known as the "Hermit of Hemlock Beach," died last week at Amltyvllle, L. I. He had previously lived for forty years in a cave dug In a sand dune on Hemlock Beach. He was 85 years of age. Valuable Paint Fields. The largest mineral paint fields In the country have been discovered In Pine plains township, Allegan county, Mich. The pockets In some instances cover a half-acre and contain paints of various colors. IN LINCOLN'S MEMORY. Anniversary of Ills lllrth I Generally Observed. Chicago, Feb. 13. The Marquette club last night celebrated tho anni versary of the birth of Abraham Lin coln by a banquet at the Auditorium hotel. About 600 were present at the banquet, the majority of them being1 members of the club. The great ban quet hall of the hotel was decorated in a lavish manner with .garlands, cut flowers and the national colors. The banquet proper began early in the evening and it was three hours later before the intellectual portion of the programme was reached. Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 13. The Indiana commandery of t'vio Loyal Legion celebrated the eighty-eighth anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln last night with a banquet at the Commercial club, at which covers were laid for 175 members cf the Le gion in the state and guests. Ul-neral Lew Wallace presided. a Minnesota, Minn., Feb. 13 Lin coln's birthday was commemorated in this citv bv a banauot (riven at the West hotel by the Minnesota com maudery Order of the Loyal I egion. There were 300 guests present from all parts of the state. The addresses were delivered by General John C. Black of Chicago, commander of the Illinois commandery, on "Abraham Lincoln," and by Archbishop John Ireland. Washington, Feb. 13. The statue of Abraham Lincoln in the Hall of Rep resentatives was draped yesterday in the American flag and wreathed with flowers in honor of the 88th anni versary of his birth. ALICE PLATT IS FREE. i Verdict of Acquittal for the Suspected Poisoner of the Mussey Children. Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 13. Alice Piatt was acquitted this morning of the charge of poisoning little Eliza beth Mussey. As she left the court room with her father and sister she waved her blue veil excitedly and shouted to the great crowd that had gathered: "Did you ever get left?" The jury at first stood seven for ac quittal to five for conviction, but the five were gradually won over to ac quittal. Stricken on the Stage. New York, Feb.. 12. Armand Castle mary, while singing the role of Tris tano in Flotow's opera of "Martha" at the Metropolitan opera house last night, dropped dead in front of the footlights and almost in full view of one of the most brilliant audiences that has filled the theater this winter. So quiet was the matter kept, however, that few in the audience knew a tragedy had taken place before their very eyes. Burglars Steal Evidence. St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 13. Burglars entered the office of Secret Service Agent Murphy in the Federal building here and stole all of the counterfeit money in the possession of the depart ment. This robs the government of its chief evidence against counterfeit ers now in jail, and practically pre vents the effective prosecution of the cases. The police believe friends of the men now in jail' committed the burglary. Madame Modjeska Stricken. Los Angeles, Cal., Feb. 13. Mme. Modjeska is suffering from an attack of acute colitis, necessitating the can cellation of her present engagement at the Los Angeles theater. Her speedy convalesence is considered doubtful, and it may be necessavy to postpone her Northern engagements. Modjeska has jrst recovered from an attack of paralysis and returned to the stage only three weeks ago. Seven Months' Exports. Washington, Feb. 13. According to tables of the bureau of statistics the total exports of domestic products during the, seven months ending Jan uary ai last, amounted to -i3s,so,oua, against 5334,849.611 for the "correspond ing period in the preceeding year. Breadstuffs amounted to $121,93,245, cotton 8169,450,005, mineral oils $37, 223,217, and provisions 875,806,903. Where Is Fltz's Money? New York, Feb. 13. Warren Lewis, in an interview, says: "I have just taken down 82,500 which I had in Smith's hands for the last three months as a forfeit for Corbett in his match with Fitzsimmons. The Australian could not raise his $2,500, so there is no money up, and Al Smith handed me back my money. There is no money up on the match whatever." i Chnrch Exemptions Will Remain. Jefferson City, Mo., Feb. 13. The House ways and means committee re ported unfavorably on McPherson's resolution to amend the constitution by. doing away with tax exemptions on church property. It is the second A. P. A. proposition the house has killed. McCullagh Left a Snug Fortune. St. Louis, Mo. , Feb. 13. The inven tory of the estate of the late Joseph B. McCullagh, editor of the Globe-Democrat, was filed with the clerk of the probate court yesterday by Public Ad ministrator Richardson. The per sonal property is . returned at $876, 127.46. r Jodge Vandlvert Is Down. Topeka, Kan. , Feb. ' -The Senate and House passed the bill abolishing Judge Vandiverfs judicial district. Asks BIDsmsrtoia Capitol Contract. Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 13- Will iam Howard has sued the state for 8500,000 damages, alleging that alter ations by the architect in the state house, begun in 1879, the contract for which the plaintiff had assumed as bondsmen, had caused heavy losses. Hood's Flirting Bill Dead. ' Jefferson Citt. Ma. Feb. 1?. The house committee on judiciary reported unfavorably on Hija's bill to prevent trainmen from flirting with female passengers. This is the last of the bill, as Hood himself is tired of it.