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GREATER NEW YORK.
AN ERA IN THE HISTORY OF THE METROPOLIS. Completion of the New York Central'! Four-Track Draw-Bridge Over the Har lem nirer, and of the 3,000,000 Steel Viaduct From 110th to 140th Htreet. New York, Feb. 6, 1897. One of the most remarkable feats of engineering on record is nearlng completion, and, beginning Thursday Feb. 11, the pas senger entering New York from the north will ride over one of the grand est examples of steel railway construc tion yet accomplished in this age of marvelous results In that direction. . Going south at 149th street, the tracks of the New York Central begin to rise gradually, and at 135th' street they cross the Harlem river on the new four-track steel draw-bridge, at an ele vation of 24 feet above high tide. This massive structure is remarka ble In being the first four-track draw bridge ever constructed,- and is the largest bridge of the kind in the world. It is 400 feet long and weighs -2,500 tons. The draw-bridge is 58 feet 6 Inches wide, from center to center of From 138th street south the four new tracks run over thex steel viaduct to 110th street, and 'thence by the stone viaduct to 106th street, where they strike the level of the present- four track line. The work of building this massive structure, which is here illustrated, be gan Sept.,1, 1893, and has continued without cessation until now, and will cost when completed considerably more than $3,000,000. The completion of the new work will permit the opening of all cross streets under the railway and so admit a perfectly free passage for street traffic. One hundred and thirty-eighth street, which has become a great thoroughfare, will be entirely free, as the trains which heretofore crossed It at grade will pass over it at an elevation that will allow street cars and all traffic perfect freedom. At 125th street, the tracks will cross the street fourteen feet above the level of the street, and at this point a magnificent passenger sta tion is to be built, extending from 125th to 126th street, under the four-track viaduct. This improvement will be. of im mense value to the entire state in fact, to the whole country as the bridge, being so high above the water, will never have to be opened, exeept when large steamers or vessels with masts and out of the city, the important through trains as well as the principal suburban trains arriving and depart ing during those hours. This will avoid delays, whloh have ' been, at times, very annoying, and permit of much faster service than could have he.cn mnintnlrmri under the old ar rangements; and, as speed Is one oAh principal factors in travel in this age, this feature will prove an important one. Quite a number of the great improve menta which have recently been mad in the northern part of the city can be seen from the trains as they pass over the new viaduct Among them are Grant's tomb, St. Luke's hospital and the buildings of Barnard college and Columbia college on Morningsldc Heights, and very soon the grand structure of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine will be observed., Further north, and on the west side of the Harlem river, the now famous speed way Is under construction and ap proaching completion; the magnificent High bridge, Washington bridge, Mc Comb's dam bridge and the viaduct leading to It, from the north, are works of art as well as of great utility, un der which the trains pass, and on the right may be seen the buildings of the University of the city of New York, Webb's Sailor's Home, and hundreds End View of the New York Central's new four-track steel draw-bridge over the Harlem River at 135th Street, Greater New York. The largest stra-iture of its kind in the world. Side view of the new four-track steel draw-bridge over the Harlem River. outside trusses, and is carried on three , very heavy trusses. Between the cen tral and each of the two side trusses Is a clear space of 26 feet, which per mits the passage of two sets of double tracks. The floor is corrugated and the rails are bolted to it on steel tie-plates. The trusses of the draw-bridge span are 64 feet, high in the center and 25 feet high at each end. At the highest part of these trusses is situated the engine-house, Which contains two oscillating double-cylinder engines, which turn the draw, and can be worked together or separately,' so that if one should break down at any time the other can do the work. have to pass through; all tugs, canal boats, barges, etc., will have ample room to go unde rthe bridge while it is closed. The Harlem river, having been de clared by congress a ship canal,' the secretary of war has issued orders that all tugs and barges shall joint their smoke-stacks and flag-poles, to enable them to pass under the bridge while it is closed. He 'has also ordered that the bridge, shall not be opened between the hours of seven and ten o'clock in the morning, and four and seven in the afternoon; except for police, fire or government vessels, the hours named covering the great business traffic in of other new buildings of less impor tance. North of the Harlem river, on the Harlem division, is Bronx park, which is to contain the great botanical gardens and zoological gardens of Greater New York, and within a few years this portion of the city will of fer attractions which will be unsur passed in their character by any city in the world. Greater New York, which is 19 miles wide by 35 miles long, certainly offers the tourist and seeker after knowledge or pleasure more Inducements than any other American city, and few cities in Europe can equal it ADIRONDACK. THESE BE SONS OF ANAK. And Borne of Them Were Born Uefore Columbui Discovered America. The great register of Alameda coun ty, which is considered the true and official index to the age and height of the male residents of this city, contains some remarkable information concerning well-known citizens, says the San Francisco Examiner. County Clerk Frank C. Jordan prepared the iwork, and he has been highly compli mented for the excellent production that gives full information about the electors. Since the register has been on the market circus freak managers and dime museum runners have been look ing lovingly in this direction in the hope of securing profitable sideshow attractions. They have read the great register. It is shown by that document that prominent citizens attain a great height and live for centuries. The oldest man in Alameda county, accord ing to the register, is William Allen, a carpenter Hvihg in the Second Ward, who has 'attained the age of 776 years, John W. Alexander, a traveling man, is 405 years old and 11 feet high. Then there is George H. Allen, who used to be deputy recorder. He is apparently a young man, but in this register he is 326 years old and only 2 feet high. John O. Cadman, the San Francisco insurance man and great gunshot, would never be recognized by his friends from his official description, for lie is registered 355 years and 9V4 feet in height. There are scores of others who ara a the official liat- Wants to Find Her Brother. While unpacking a sample order of chinaware Germany the other day, Frank C. Young, a Second street importer, discovered a blue envelope tucked away in a vase. On opening it a letter written in German was dis closed. Being an expert German schol ar, Mr. Young translated the missive, which read as follows: "To whom it may concern: My brother, William Bletzner, left Carlsbad, Germany, two years ago, for America, where he in tended to engage in the china busi ness. After , a short time his cdrre spondence abruptly ended and after that all our letters were returned un claimed. I am a packer in a china house and have been placing these notes in every order to America in hopes that they might be seen by my brother or some one that knows him. Trusting that the person who ' finds this will convey any Information which would aid me, I remain, very truly, Cora Bletzner, Carlsbad, Germany." Philadelphia Record. SOUTHWEST BREEZES. Sarcasm is a rhetorical flower con cealing a bee. It disgusts us to see others doing the foolish things we do. Every man who has g reat faith has great power for good. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest No man was ever converted while nursing an aching tooth. A VANISHED CIVILIZATION. Work Done by the Jesuits In . South America. The pioneers of civilization in South America were the Jesuits, says Llppln cott's. Although their Influence Id many respects may not always have been what was most conducive to the prosperity of the new settlement, yet their mode of treating the natives was more humane and their plan for the development and progress of the coun try more advanced than any other at tempts, of that period. They sought to establish a permanent home for their sect with a wealth and splendor that would equal that of the old world and their work was characterized bv tjiti- dence, industry and wisdom. Other settlers came only as fortune-huntinr adventurers to enslave the natives, pil lage the country and then return to their own land with ill-gotten gains. Monuments of the Jesuits still remain in churches, aqueducts, cities in min and the history of 100 prosperous mis sions; from the Amazon .to Brazil's southern borders we sea their at The aqueducts of Rio de Janeiro, the hundred churches of. Bahia, the stone water dams on the rivers of Govux. the crumbling ruins of almost every state of Brazil tell of the Jesuit occu pation. Other settlers of that left almost nothing behind them; their mission was to destroy, tear down and drive out the only element nf country had, that they might establish the rejga of terror, slavery and rapine that cursed the country so long. A "poison guard" may be had in tho drug stores. It consists of a little wooden ball with a chain attached. It Is to bo fastened to the neck of the bottle and serves to call attention to the fact that the contents are danger ous, or only to be used enternally. It is not true according to a cable dispatch, but Queen Victoria has be come a total abstainer. At her two o'clock dinner she takes a glass of weak Scotch whisky, and in the evening sips a little wine. When Mr. Dingley was graduated from Dartmouth college the suit he wore on the auspicious occasion was a black broadcloth suit and the trousers were almost more than skin tight It came from the fashionable tailor's shop in the little town of Hanover and the fashionable tailor was Levi Morton, since yico ' president ' of the United States. - - Tho Scottish people were the Scotl, the prehistoric invaders cf Ireland. They ore supposed to have been either Germans or Slanonians. Ireland was called Seotin from the fourth to the tenth century. In the reign of Henry II.,-1154, it began to be called Ireland. The Scot! also settled Scotland and there retained their original designa tion. ' Twins In Size, Shape and ActW.ty, Tills Is what those Important II tie org ins, the kidneys are wnon hcnl'hy. In (Unorder they may d.Q'or In all three particulars. Disease usually dustroys theci successfully, not simultaneously, and one may be etive, wnilo tho other Is simi pnralyzed. Giro to both a healthful impulse, without exciting them, with Hostettor's Stomach Hitters, which tor. stiills such dreadful maladies as ttrlitbt's diBcnne and diabetes. Use the Bit tors, a I i-o, for malarial, bilious, rheumatic., nerv ous, bowel aud kkluey trouble. , Sig. Marconi, whose use of the eleo trc-static system in telegraphy has created extraordinary interest in Eng land, is some years under 30. He is the pupil and protege of a prominent Italian electrician, and took his inven tion to England to sell it there as in the best market. The town of Uuingamp, France, which has about 10,000 inhabitants, has not a trace of the cotton cloth man ufactory which gave its name to the fabric once the staple product. Mrs. Wlnslow's (toothing Syrup , For children toetlilnfr.floftenii the (rums.reduces Inflam atiuu, allays pain, cures wind colic 25 cents a bolUe, If the day is cold and the animal is heated, put on two dlankcts, no matter if he does not stand long. It may be long enough to ruin him. The total production of distilled spir its in 18U0 in the United States was 1)2,- l.r1,G."i0 gallons, of which Illinois fur nished nearly one-third. Pope was distinguished by a velvet cap, wig and sword, while Buffon al ways wore his hair in curl papers while sitting at his desk. Far seeing horseme a are breeding all their well-bred mares. Prices are like ly to go up, for the supply in sight is short. Coea Cough Hulaam la the oldest and hest. It will break np a cold qnlckei man anyuung- eisc jt is always reliable. Try 1U The average annual hop crop of Washington is 50,000 bales. The aver- ape wheat product is 15,000,000 bush els A few e.tia two and three-year-old steers sold at $35 per head recently in Bee county, Texas. The Columbia, Tenn., Democrat an nounces the sale of 850 mules at an av erage of $06.06. P'T8 stopped Ireland permanently cured. Noflfs i uoy nan oi I iv. ivune'M ivreat nerve Mirr. i- ree trial home anu treatise. fcoud to Du. Klikk. 101 Arch St., Philadelphia. Fa In Africa and India 85,000 elephants were killed last year, yielding over 900 tons of ivorv. The get of Allerton won $0,000 last year and were placed in 42 races. W.T i,Lfi tab flaM. 7 J Love has a long way to go to reacli the heart of the modern up - to - date young man. When i looks for a vnc, be expects i rood deal. Prob ably he expects more than be de serves. He wants good looks, good sense, (rood nature, good health. They usually go together. An observinir man learns that a woman who is physically weak and nervous and in capable, is likely to be ill-natured too. The sweetest temper in ruined by continual sickness. A woman whose nerves are constantly racked and dragged by debilitating drains and inflammation, cannot be a genial com panion or happy wife ; and she is totally unfitted to be a motner. These troubles prevail almost universally among women largely because of careless ness and neglect. There is no real need of them. Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is positive specific for the weaknesses anc diseases of the feminine organism. i It cures them radically and completely. It heals, strengthens and purifies. It is the only scientific remedy devised for this spe cial purpose by an educated, skilled physi cian. It is the only medicine that makes motherhood easy and absolutely safe. Miss Lauretta McNees. of Reno (P. O. Box 713V Washoe Co., Ner., writes: " I hare discontinued taking the 'Prescription' and will not take any mere (at present). Last rasnth I hsd no fiain at all and worked every day without any nconvenience whatever. It was the first time I sever bad pain during that ptriod, I cannot say too muck for votir medicines, especially the 'Fsvcrite Prescription and 'Pleasant Fel lets.' I know of a laAj who took on bottle of your Favorite Prescription ' and she ears she was not sick like she was with her first baby. This was her second baby. She thinks it a grand medicine. So do L" Dr. Pierce has had a life-time of experi ence in this particular field. His 1000-page illustrated boek, "The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser" contains several chapters devoted to woman's special physiology- A paper-bound copy will be sent free on receipt of 31 one-cent stamps to pay the cost of mailing only. Address, World's Dis pensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. V. For cloth-bound copy send 31 stamps. j The Poles were first called such in the tenth century. Pale-land was set tled by a branc h of the Slavonic family and made a duchy in 550. 1 Its history, as a nation, ceased in 1705, with Stan islas II., the kingdom being' divided between Russia, Prussia and Austria. Marquis De Moncalm, the last male representative of the family of tho de fender of Quebec, died recently in France. lie transmitted his name and title by legal process of an -adopted on. A STRANGE FKEAK OF NATURE. We hope to sell 1,000,000 packages Golden Rind Watermelon, the most wonderful freak of nature smooth, shiny, yellow rind, crimson flesh, deli cious! It's sensational. Took 500 first prizes in 1896. You must have It to be in the swim., Melons go like wild fire at $1.00 apiece. We paid $300 for one melon! $100 prizes for earliest melon ripened In 189G in 41 days. Lots of money made in earliest vegetables. Salzer's seeds produce them. Thirty five earliest sorts, postpaid, $1.00. Bend This Notice and IS Cents for a Package of Golden Rind and won derful seed book, 146 big pages, to John A. Salzer.Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis. w.r. The extraction of tannic acid from the common Eaw palmetto found grow ing abnndantly in Florida, which con tains 11 or 13 per cent of it, in a recent ly established Southern Industry. Washington D. C. stseet cars may now be propelled at the rate of twelve miles an hour, the commissioners hav ing issued an order to that effect last week. How's This: 'We offer One Hundred Dollars reward for any case of catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, a We, tho undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honorable in all business transactions and llnanclally able to carry out any obligations made by their firm. West & Xruux, Wholesale DruKKlats, To ledo, O. Waldlng, Kinnan & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, 'loledo, O. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mu cous surfaces of the system. Testimo nials sent free. Prico 75c per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Hall's Family PI1H nre the best. Diderot once traveled from St. Pet ersburg to Paris in a morning grown and nightcap and in this guise prome naded the streets of the town on his route. Fiso's Cure for Consumption is the only cough medicine used in my houxe. I). C. Albright, Mifflinburg, Pa., Dec. 11, '05. The pike, says Bacon, is the only fish that has been known to live over 200 years. Cascarets stimulate liver, kidneys ai d bowels. Never sicken, weaken or gripe, 10c. Vienna policemen must be telegraph eri. Japan has one trolley line. A Boston Liographer of the younger Salvini soys: yKo dark corners lurked in his character, which may be summed up In a single word lovable. He was tho most, delightful and sympathetic of companions, the best of hosts, kind, courteous and considerate." Joseph Strode, of Strode's Mills', Mif flin county, Pa., has been postmaster at that place since 1845. His picture was on exhibitibn at the post office department's exhibit in the world's fair. NO-TO-BAC FOR FIFTY CENTS. Over 401,000 cureri. Why not let No-To-itao regulate or remove your desire for tobacco. Mives money, makes health and n.anliood. Cure g'uurantced, 60c and 1 1. 00, all druggists. Voltaire was fond of magnificent at tire and usually dressed in an absurd manner. Wren billions or costive, eat a Cfiscaret,' candy cathartic, cure guaranteed, 10c, 25c Arizona Indians are buying bicycles. "It will go away after awhile." That's what people say when advised to take something to Cure that cough. Have you ever noticed that the cough that goes away after awhile takes the cougher along ? And he doesn't come back Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Cures Coughs is. PATENTS, TRADE MARKS Examination and Advice as to Patentability of In vention. Bend for "Inventors' fluido, or How toUetft Patent." O'FARRELL & SON. Watihinpton, O. HOG CHOLERA CURF.S rd by U. S. Oov.'r, for Its prevention anil enn1; 10 Ins, witli formula, SI. 00; foi inula, fioc. Slumps taken Dr. Huzclton, 821 W. DouKlas Arc., Wichita, Kan. SWEET potatoes: " BBSS'" on l.ti.-ru- Kn .1 Sent out to bo sprollted on shares. No exnerk-neo T quired. Directions for Hni-mitlngfrce with order. Address T. .1. MKIXKKit, Columban, Kau. Wl WtWMCliredlalOteSODiiTS. Nl'jttll Cared. DR. J.L.6TEPHENS.UXlAS03,oaiO. piTCUTP 20years experience. Rend sketehtora l.llLnld. vii-e. (L lHane,l:iiK prm. ex;imAl'-r U.S. faLOUluei Deaas a Weaver, llcOill Uliltf.,tv tli.D.O. ud WHISKY ''" ""' rilKK. Dr. II. U. WOOI.I.KY, ATLANTA, GA. If nfflteted with sum eybs. usa Thompson's Eya Water. W. N. U.-WICHITA.-NO. 8.-I3&7. When answering- advertisements please mention this paper. I pke rust on poIl8hed metal ft!EU.RALG!A ! 2 Blights and Crimps the Nervous System. Like oil on rust Q-fc, jaCObS Oil , removes the blight and cures the pain. 1 ' REASONS FOR USING Walter Baker & Co.'s Breakfast Cocoa. Because it is absolutely pure. Because it is not made by the so-called Dutch Process In which chemicals are used. Because beans of the finest quality are used. Because it is made by a method which preserves unimpaired I me exquisite naiurai navor ana ocior ot ttie Deans. Because it is the most economical, costing less than orte cent a cup. Be sure thst you (ret the genuine article mode by WALTER dauck x w, &.iu., LOTcncBicr, mass. ESUDIIsnea I7HU. asVasAAAaaAAAAAa Extra- for Lying. " Mother Clara, I Mr. don't like .tha Huggard coming here bo Old Maid (to messenger) Give htn the . letter and if he aska you who Beiv It, Just say "a beautiful young lady.' Messenger I shall charge you 1 centa more for that young often. Clara (who likes Huggard, but wish es to give her mother a different opin ion) Yes; I'm always glad when tha time comes for him to go. Clara's Brother Yes, and I know) why, too! Cfara (sharply) And why, Mft. SmartyT Clara's Brother Because be alwayf kisses you good-by at the front door!- lAHDY CATJ1A0TIG CUntCOilSTIPATIOil mi V, , lain AB S ALL DRUGGISTS t IRSQT.TiTOT.Y GUIBIIITrTn eof emutlpsrloa. fsscarefs sr the Idesl Lsxs-X ADOUbUlLLI UUlnAflltLUtlr.seTerJSTiierrTipltesssj7stsrslrsuljr bml 111 lsd aoktst tn. 11. KTTRM50 REMEDY CO., Chleatro, Moatretl. Ob., or New lork.