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THE CHANUTB TIMES.
C. 8. NATION, Faltor and Prop'r. rilANUTE. KANSAS. KANSAS ITEMS OF 1NTKRKST. It cost the city of Chanute just 8617. 60 to entertain the 6. A. IL At the bridal chamber scene in "The Ironmaster" which was put on i Atchison the other night several people breathed audibly. Topeka might catch that bar-keeper in that real open saloon and have him on exhibition in the Historical Rooms at the State House The city and council of Harden City has refused to pay any more rent fo the appellate court room there. The court will be removed. It is an out rage to ask a city to pay the expenses of a state court. Jacob Muck of Osage City, who has taken the Emporia canning factory, made a contract, just for a starter, with the H. T. Lee Mercantile Company of Salina to furnish them with twelve car loads of fruit and vegetables of Lyon county products canned in Em poria. Grand Master Workman J. N. Crider of the Kansas jurisdiction of the A. O U. W. announces that the membership has just reached the 30,000 mark. Cri der has appointed Representative Wei lep of Crawford county to go to Okla homa to arrange for the reunion of the Oklahoma and Kansas jurisdictions under the Kansas officers. The semi-annual state convention of the county superintendents will meet in Junction City May 12 and 13 at the First Baptist church. An open half fare rate has been secured on all roads. The Junction City schools will furnish the music. Superintendent George E. Kyner at Junction City will answer all all particulars regarding the meeting. i An epidemic of measles has broken out among the convicts in the United States penitentiary at Ft. Leavenworth and the working of many of the men has been suspended. Those with the measles have been quarantined and all new-comers are put in a sepatate cell house. The disease is proving very troublesome to many of the prisoners and the hospital is crowded. The grand council of the southwest ern division of the united commercial travelers will hold its annual meeting in Leavenworth on May 14 and 15. Arrangements are being made to en tertain 7.-0 visitors E. E. Brewster Of Leavenworth, grand counsellor, will preside, and Mayor .T. D. Edmond, of Leavenworth, who was formerly a traveling man and member of the or der, will hand over the keys of the city to the guests. Fabian Lagree, a well known mem ber of a French colony in the vicinity of Moundridge, McPherson county, has come into the possession within the last few weeks of the income of a large fortune. Lagree is now a man of al most 70 years of age. He is a French Canadian by birth but has been a mem ber of the Moundridge French colony for a number of years. The fortune which has recently come his posses sion is said to be 8100,000. It comes to him through his sister who years ago went to Montana, where she engaged in the cattle business. She has grown immensely wealthy and her recent gift to her brother is only one of the sever al he has received from her. Not long ago she visited him at Moundridge, it is said, and finding that he had a heav ily mortgaged farm, she paid the en tire indebtedness and gave him the farm unencumbered. Six new jam brakes for the driving wheels of locomotives have been receiv ed at the round house at Wellington. They will be put on the engines im mediately. The Santa Fe is fitting up all their engines with these excellent brakes. Assessor llerr has made his return on Abilene. The population is 3,331, a gain of 88 in the year. The taxable property is 330,090 as against 8307,808. The assessed value is8113,230 as against 8122,003. The largest decrease is on notes which decreased 811,000. The cattle business in eastern Colo rado and western Kansas has reached high water mark. There is more de mand for calves, stoekers and feeders, and they are selling at higher prices than at any time m the past ten years. The shipment of fat cattle to market is large. It is true that Kansas men will boast of disasters. Recently in Wichita two ;men from two towns which had suffer ed from tornadoes almost came to blows over which town had lost the most people. W. H. Brown of Wellington, an early timer, believes that it-was not Indians who killed the famous Pat Hennessey, but an organized band of horse-thieves. Fritz Schultz, an inmate of the Paw nee county poor house died, but not in time to escape a surgical operation for which the county commissioners had appropriated thirty dollars. An Emporia policeman is advertising for a club he lost while tonambulating. It is a fact start; it) g but true that no one ever 'starved to death in all the his tory of Western Kansas. This state is getting ungodly. In every big town in the state photograph ers do their heaviest business on Sun day. Thomas Ryan has appointed a young man named Raymond, who it is fcaid, can prove he lives in Kansas, his priv ate secretary. This is a wonderfully cool spring in Kansas. It has been so cold that even the tornadoes have been frost-bitten and so benumbed that they cannot whirl. The next great improvement which the Santa Fe will begin in Kansas will be the construction of a 840,000 grain elegator at Win field. Work on this will bo begin at once and will be push ed to completion as rapidly as possi ble. Ritter Bros., of Chetopa have just broken ground for a new 50-barrel flooring mill with meal and feed at tachments. Work will be pushed and they are expecting to have it in opera tion by the time new wheat comes in again. Although the wet weather has inter fered with the work on the irrigation ditch at Great Bend to some extent, the first mile is completed with the ex ception of the riprap on the lower side. The working force has been increased to over eighty men. A man was up before the police judge of Topeka the other clay for stealing coal. The railroad detective said he caught the fellow in the coal car, but the man said that he was only sleeping there because his wife had locked hnn out and he had no money to go to a hotel. "Pretty hard bed, wasn't it?" asked the judge. "Oh, no, sir," he an swered, "It was soft coal." And the judge was so struck with the joke that he let him go. Manager Harry Love of the Missouri & Kansas Telephone Co. reports hay ing reached a distance of seven and a half miles north of Pittsburg with the extension of the long distance line; also that the soil so far has just been right for digging post holes and that the line has been constructed at the rate of one and a quarter miles per day However, he expects to encounter some hard ground before reaching Ft. Scott, which is thirty-eight miles from Pitts burg. At the Dickinson county poor farm recently arrived a charge who has for many years puzzled physicians and whose case Is to-day stranger than e'ver. Newton Reed was born about 37 years ago and for a long time has lived in South Dickinson with relatives who have cared for him. Their re moval made it best to bring him to the county farm where lie is well cured for by the superintendent. When between " and 0 years old Reed had inflamma tory rheumatism, which stopped the growth of his body. So it is to-day as then, the body of a child with tiny limbs, drawn and mishapen by disease. The head, however, is that of a normal man. full-sized, with beard growing as usual. Mr. Reed wears only a mous tache, however. There is a good shaped forhead and the eyes show an observant and intellectual brain be hind. He reads the papers, talks well and takes a lively interest in life. Yet he cannot sit up, but lies always in the little bed, helpless and hopeless of ever being better. It is a sad fate yet many people with all the advantages of a sound body are less contented than this unfortunate who abides in resignation his dsetiny. The physi cians say there is no hope for improve ment, yet he may live to old age. About ten years ago his story crept into the papers, but some of the local papers branded it as a fake. It was, however, strictly true, yet so strange that few could believe it. When Mrs, Cleveland of Pratt shot her husband last week at Pratt he was so anxious that no one should know it that after falling to the ground he arose and walked home with her, fiye blocks. The Coffer county normal institute will be held in Burlington commenc ing May 31 and closing July 3. Prof. S. W. Black, principal of the Fittsburg schools, will be conductor. Ex-County Superintendent George Scheneck and Prof. J. M. Tieratt, of Coffey county will assist. The Populist central committee of Dickinson county has appointed a com mittee to draft resolutions condemning Senator Hannah for his vote against the maximum freight rate law. The farmers of Kansas have ret out in the past few years 147,340 feres of forest. Among them are 11,500 acres of black walnut, 12,486 acres maple, 2,637 acres of honey locust, and 55,553 acres of cottonwood. The cottonwood grows the quickest and makes fuel for the farmer sooner than any of the others, hence his preference for it A Kansas preacher in marrying a couple ended by saying: "My children. May your pathway be strewn with roses, but dern me, if it don't rain be fore to-morrow, your pathway woMt have even cactus flowers." Four members of the Topeka fire de partment have been fired for firing their brains with fire-water. 2The Uolton church which givea dances to raise money ia out of debt. Ratt'esnakes are numerous at Cool id ge this spring, but the antidote keeps up with the demand. All bills passed by the last legisla ture become effective May 8. A big saloon with hard-wood bar and French plate mirrors has started up in Topeka and tho town is at last getting its mixed drink privileges. The assessor of Abilene, who is a man who is set crazy with music, discovered to his surprise that there are only seventy-seven pianos in the town. Some man has started out to prove that western Kansas is located on a thin crust and is liable to sink down some night with an awful crash. In Meade county once a big hunk o: earts fell in right where the trail pass ed. This hole filled up with salt watei and is 175 feet wide and quite deep. Mrs. John Alcone of Ionia, who cm her throat from ear to ear with a razoi while in a fit of insanity, has almos' recovered from the wound. She hat been insane before having been in tht Topeka asylum. For several years it has been nppar ent that it was but a question of time until the exorbitant prices demanded by the manufacturers of bicycles would hove to take a tumble. That this theory has now become a condii tion is apparent to those who have investigated the strictly high grade wheel just placed on the market by the Ilarrah & Stewart Mfg. Co., ol Des Moines, Ia. A new danger is threatened in the corn crop in Lj'ons county in the form of a black small insect in every way resembling the flea. Hundreds of acres of corn have already been ruined and are now being replunted. The matter has been referred to Secretary Coburu who can give no information regarding the insect and has referred the matter to E. A. Popenoe, entomologist at the state agricultural college. The Santa Fe has out a new order. It is in effect that no stock will be per mitted to run at large upon the com pany's right of way. People have been in the habit of lariating their cows and horses alongside the railroad track tc graze. The new order will be enforced from now on. All stock found graz ing on the company's right of way will be taken to the city pound'. This or der applies to all tewns alougthe line of the Santa Fe. The Santa Fe has filed in the au preme court, upon an appeal from the district court of Cowley county, the case in which Albert Cunningham se cured a judgment for 80,250 for person al damages. Cunningham was a news agent on the Santa Fe's southern Kan sas division and sustained severe in. juries ia a collision caused by a freight train running into the passenger train upon which he was employed. Cun ningham sued for 815,000 and secured a judgment for not quite half of that amount It was the unanimous sentiment of the convention of representatives from Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas, which met at Austin recently, in the intepest of lower freight rates to the gulf,' to have lower rates or build a road from Kansas to the southern seaboard. From this time his should be the senti ment and purpose of the people of the two states and the territory of Okla homa. This is a great factor in the agricultural and live stock interests of the northwest. The problem will be solved in the evolution of commerce; it had just as well come now as later. It is the great boon which the people, who inhabit the vast country lying to the north and west to the gulf, have been battling for through the. years, and the time is at hand when the prospect is bright for its consumation. We must have cheaper rates to the sea board or go into agricultural decay. A young lady from Manhattan nam ed Holler is visiting Ellsworth. The Ellsworth girls don't holler. About the only way we know of tc rid pasture land of garlic is to plow it up and grow cultivated crops on the ground for five or six years, keeping them perfectly clean during the whole time. Even then, if the fence rows are left for growing garlic seefllk and the manure from the rest of the farm is used on the cultivated crops, the pest will be 6ure to re-appear in the new pasture. The Newton Mill & Elevator Com pany will at once proceed to enlarge their property to a 4-story building, giving it a capacity of 400 barrels ol flour per day, giving 10 more men em ployment and envolye an expenditure of 810,000. The general revenue fund of the city of Atchison is bare and city ofticerj have not received their April salaries. Mayor Donald will not sign their war rants until there is sufficient cash in the general revenue fund with which to pay them. The statute book will be published May 8th and all laws which were or dered to take effect on publication in the statute books will then be in effect The Rock Island will ballast iU track between Caldwell and Welling ton with burned gumbo. The gumbo Is prepared by burning with slack coal in immense pits and makes and excel lent road-bed. The construction of a thing is what counts. Walking is not a crime. But a Pratt woman shot her husband for walking with another woman. rALMAGE'S SERMON, 'THE BREAD QUESTION" LAST SUNDAY'S SUBJECT. Prom the Text "And the Harem Ilrought nim Ilread and Fiend In the Morning, anil Bread and Klein In the Evening" 1. Kings 17:0. HE ornithology of the Bible Is a very interesting study. The stork which knoweth her ap pointed time. The common sparrows teaching the les son of God's prov idence. The os triches of the des ert, by careless illustrating the reck- Incubation, loconopo nt nnrAnta who do not take tnough pains with their children. The eagle symbolizes riches which take wings and fly away. The pelican em blemlzlng solitude. The bat, a flake of the darkness. The night hawk, tho osslfrage, the cuccoo, the lapwing, the osprey, by the command of God In Leviticus, flung out of the world's bill of fare. I woul-: liked to have been with Au dubon as he went through the woods, with gun and pencil, bringing down and sketching the fowls of heaven, his unfolded portfolio thrilling all Chris tendom. What wonderful creatures of God the birds are! Some of them, this morning, like the songs of heaven let loose, bursting through the gates of heaven. Consider their feathers, which are clothing and conveyance at the same time; the nine vertebrae of the neck, the three eyelids to each eye, the third eyelid an extra curtain for graduating the light of the sun. Some of these birds scavengers and some of them orchestra. Thank God for quail's whistle, and lark's carol, and the twitter of the wren, called by the ancients the king of birds, because when the fowls of heaven went Into a contest as to who should fly the high est, and the eagle swung nearest the sun, a wren on the back of the eagle, after the eagle was exhausted, sprang up much higher, and so was called by the ancients the king of birds. Con sider those of them that have golden crowns and crests, showing them to be feathered imperials. And listen to the humming bird's serenade In the car of the honeysuckle. Look at the belted kingfisher, striking like a dart from the sky to water. Listen to the voice of the owl, giving the key-note to all croakers. And behold the condor among the Andes, battling with tho reindeer. I do not know whether an aquarium or aviary Is the best altar from which to worship God. There Is an Incident In my text that baffles all the ornithological wonders of the world. The grain crop had been cut off. Famine was in the land. In a cave by the brook of Cherlth sat a minister of God, Elijah, waiting for something to eat. Why did he not go to the neighbors? There were no neighbors; it was a wilderness. Why did he not pick some of the berries? There were none. If there had been they would have been dried up. Seated one morning at the mouth of his cave, the prophet sees a flock of birds ap proaching. Oh, If they were only part ridges, or if he only had an arrow with which to bring them down! But as they come nearer, he finds that they are not comestible, but unclean, and the eating of them would be spiritual death. The strength of their beak, the length of their wings, the blackness of their color, their loud, harsh "cruck! cruck!" prove them to be ravens. They whirr around about the proph et's head, and then they come on flut tering wing and pause on the level of his Hps, and one of the ravens brings bread, and another raven brings meat, and after they have discharged their tiny cargo they wheel past, and others come, until after awhile the prophet has enough, and these black servants of the wilderness table are gone. For six months, and some say a whole year, morning and evening, a break fast and a supper bell sounded as these ravens rang out on the air their "cruck! cruck!" Guess where they got the food from. The old rabbins say they got it from the kitchen of King Ahab. Others say that the ravens got their food from pious Obadlah, who was In the habit of feeding the perse cuted. Some say that the ra-rcn3 brought their food to their young In the trees, and that Elijah had only to climb up and get it. Some say that the whole story is improbable; for these were carnivorous birds, and the food they carried was the torn flesh of living beasts, and therefore cere monially unclean; or It was carrion, and would not have been fit for the prophet. Some say they were not ra vens at all, but that the word trans lated "ravens" in my text ought to have been translated "Arabs;" so it would have read: "The Arabs brought bread and flesh In the morning, and bread and flesh In the evening." Any thing but admit the Bible to be true. Hew away at this miracle until all the miracle is gone. Go on with the Jepletlng process, but know, my brother, that you are robbing only jne man and that Is yourself of one jf the most comforting, beautiful, pa thetic and triumphant lessons in all ihe ages. I can tell you who these purveyors were they were ravens. I n tell you who freighted them with provisions God. I can tell you who aunched them God. I can tell you ivho taught them which way to fly Sod. I can tell you who told them it what cave to swoop God. I can tell rou who Introduced raven to prophet ind prophet to raven God. There la ne passage I will whisper In your ar, for I would not want to utter It iloud, lest some one should drop down inder its power "If any man shall :ake away from the words of the prophecy of this book, God shall take if away his part out of the book of Ufa and out of the Holy City." While, then, we watch the ravens feeding Elijah, let the swift dove of God's spirit sweep down the sky with divine food, and on outspread wing pause at the lip of every soul hunger ing for comfort. On the banks of what rivers have been the great battles of the world? While you are looking over the map of the world to answer that, I will tell wtu that the great conflict to-dny Is on the Potomac, on the Hudson, on the Mississippi, on the Thames, on the Savannah, on the Rhine, on the Nile, on the Ganges, on the Hoang-Ho. It Is a battle that has been going on for six thousand years. The troops en gaged in It are sixteen hundred mil lions, and those who have fallen by the way are vaster In number than those who march. It Is a battle for bread. Sentimentalists sit In a cushioned chair, in their pictured study, with their slippered feet on a damask otto man, and say that this world is a great scene of avarice and greed. It does not seem so to me. If It were not for the absolute necessities of the cases, nine-tenths of the stores, facto ries, shops, banking houses of the land would be closed to-morrow. Who is that man delving in the Colorado hills? or toiling In a New England factory? or going through a roll of bills In the bank? or measuring a fabric on the counter? He Is a champion sent forth In behalf of somo home-circle that has to be cared for, In behalf of some church of God that has to be sup ported, In behalf of some asylum of mercy that has to be sustained. Who Is that woman bending over the sew ing machine, or carrying the bundle, or sweeping the room, or mending the garment, or sweltering at the wash tub? That Is Deborah, one of the Lord's heroines, battling against Amalekltlsh want, which comes down with iron chariot to crush her and hers. The great question with the vast majority of people to-day Is not "home rule," but whether there shall be any home to rule; not one of tariff, but whether there shall be anything to tax. The great question with the vast ma jority of people Is, "How shall I sup port my family? How shall I meet my notes? How shall I pay my rent? How shall I give food, clothing and education to those who are dependent upon me?" Oh, If God would help me to-day to assist you In the solution of that problem the happiest man in this house would be your preacher! I have gone out on a cold morning with ex pert sportsmen to hunt for pigeons; I have gone out on the meadows to hunt for quail; I have gone out on the marsh to hunt for reed birds; but to-day I am out for ravens. Notice, In the first place In the story of my text, that these winged caterers came to Elijah direct from God. "I have commanded the ravens that they feed thee," we find God saying In an adjoining passage. They did not come out of some other cave. They did not Just happen to alight there. God freighted them, God launched them, and God told them by what cave to swoop. That Is the same God that is going to supply you. He is your Father. You would have to make an elaborate calculation before you could tell me how many pounds of food and how many yards of clothing would be necessary for you and your family; but God knows without any calcula tion. You have a plate at His table, and you are going to be waited upon, unless you act like a naughty child, and kick, and scramble, and pound saucily the plate and try to upset things. God is infinite In resource. When the city of Rochelle was beseiged and the inhabitants were dying of the fam ine the tides washed up on the beach as never before and as never since, enough shellfish to feed the whole city. God is good. There Is no mistake about that History tells us that In 1555 in England there was a great drought. The crops failed; but In Es sex, on the rocks, in a place where they had neither sown nor cultured, a great crop of peas grew until they filled a hundred measures; and there were blossoming vines enough, promising as much more. But why go so far? I can give you a family incident. Some generations back there was a great drought in Con necticut, New England. The water disappeared from the hills, and the farmers living on the hills drove their cattle toward the valleys, and had them supplied at the wells and foun tains of the neighbors. But these after awhile began to fail, and the neighbors said to Mr. Birdseye, of whom I shall speak, "You must not send your flocks and herds down here any more; our wells are giving out." Mr. Birdseye, the old Christian man, gathered his family at the altar, and with his fam ily he gathered the slaves of the house hold for bondage was then In vogue In Connecticut and on their knees be fore God they cried for water; and the family story Is, that there was weep ing and great sobbing at that altar that the family might not perish for lack of water, and that the herds and flocks might not perish. The family rose from the altar. Mr. Birdseye, the old man, took his staff and walked out over the hills, and in a place where he had been scores of times, without noticing anything par ticular, he saw the ground was very dark, and he took bis staff and turned up the ground, and water started; and he beckoned to his servants, and they came and brought pails and buckets until all the family and all the flocks and the herds were cared for; and then they made troughs reaching from that place down to the house and barn, and the water flowed, and it Is a living fountain to-day. Now I call that old grandfather Elijah, and I call that brook that be gan to roll then, and is rolling still, the brook Cherlth; and the lesson to me, and to all who hear It, is, when you are In great stress of circum stances, pray and dig, dig and pray, and pray and dig. How does that pas sage go? "The mountains shall de part and the hills be removed, but my loving kindness shall not fail." If your merchandise, if your mechanism, If your husbandry fall, look out for ra vens. If you havo In your desponden cy put God on trial and condemned Him as guilty of cruelty, I move to day for a new trial. If the biography of your life Is ever written, I will tell you what the first chapter, and the middle chapter, and the last chapter will be about, if it Is written ac curately. The first chapter about mercy, the middle chapter about mer cy, the last chapter about mercy. Tho mercy that hovered over your cradle. The mercy that will hover over your grave. The mercy that will cover all between. Again, this story of the text im presses me that relief came to this prophet with the most unexpected and with seemingly Impossible conveyance. If It had been a robin-redbreast, or a musical lark, or a meek turtledove, or a sublime albatross that bad brought the food to Elijah, it .would not have been so surprising. But, no. It was a bird so fierce and lnausplcate that we have fashioned one of our most forceful and repulsive words out of It ravenous. That bird has a passion for picking out the eyes of men and of animals. It loves to maul the sick and the dying. It swallows with vul turous guzzle everything it can put its beak on; and yet all the food Elijah gets for six months or a year Is from ravens. So your supply is going to come from an unexpected source. You think some great-hearted, gen erous man will come along and give you his name on the back of your note, or he will go security for you In some great enterprise. No, he will not. God will open the heart of some Shy lock toward you. Your relief will come from the most unexpected quarter. The providence which seemed ominous will be to you more than that which seemed auspicious. It will not be a chaffinch with breast and wing dashed with white and brown and chestnut; It will be a black raven. Here is where we all make our mis take, and that is In regard to the col or of God's providence. A white prov idence comes to us, and we say, "Oh, it is mercy!" Then a black providence comes toward us, and we say, "Oh, that is disaster!" The white providence comes to you, and you nave great business success, and you have a hun dred thousand dollars, and you get proud, and you get Independent of God, and you begin to feel that the prayer, "Give me this day my dally bread," Is Inappropriate for you, fcr you have made provision for a hundred years. Then a black providence comes, and It sweeps everything away, and then you begin to pray, and you be gin to feel your dependence, and be gin to be humble before God, and you cry out for treasures in heaven. The black providence brought you salva tion. The white providence brought you ruin. That which seemed to be harsh and fierce and dissonant was your greatest mercy. It was a raven. There was a child born In your house. All your friends congratulated you. The other children of the family stood amazed looking at the new-comer, and asked a great many questions, gen ealogical and chronological. You said and you said truthfully that a white angel flew through the room and left the little one there. That little one stood with its two feet In the very sanctuary of your affection, and with Its two hands It took hold of the altar of your soul. But one day there came one of the three scourges of chil dren scarlet fever, or croup, or diph theria and all that bright scene van ished. The chattering, tho 6trange questions, the pulling at the dresses as you crossed the'floor all ceased. Mrs. Jane Plthey, of Chicago, a well known Christian woman, was left by her husband a widow with one half dollar and a cottage. She was palsied, and had a mother ninety years of age to support. The widowed soul every day asked God for all that was needed in the household, and the servant even war astonished at the precision with which God answered the prayers of that woman, item by Item, Item by Item. One day, rising from the fam ily altar, the servant said, "You have not asked for coal, and the coal Is out." Then they stood and prayed for tho coal. One hour after that the servant threw open the door and said, "The coal has come." A generous man, whose name I could give you, had sent as never before and never since a supply of coal. You cannot understand It I do. Ravens! Ravens! Japanese In Hawaii. The little republic uf Hawaii is em harassed by an extraordinary influx Oi Japanese immigrants, stimulated by immigration societies working with the encouragement if not actually as agents of the government of Japan. The Ja panese in the islands already are more numerous than the people of any other nationality, except the native Hawail ans. Various forms of restriction im posed by the Hawaiian government were evaded by the immigrants, until at last the government forbade the land ing of a ship load of Japanese, and or dered them sent back. Japan claims the privileges of free immigration un der an old treaty, and appears to be using them to carry out a plan of vir tual colonization. A Gentle Hint. "Nice dog! Have you taught hlra any tricks since I was here last?" "Oh, yes. He will fetch your hat If you whistle," said she sweetly. Dub lin World. A Good Word for Johnny. Mamma Sh, Johnny! You must not Interrupt papa in the middle of a sen tence. Papa He doesn't. He never lets me get as far as that New York Tribune.