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THE CHANUTE TIMES.
C. 9. NATION, Paitor ami Prop'r. rilAXUTB. KANSAS. KANNAS 1TKMS OF f NTKKKST. There is talk of erecting nn auditor ium at Atchison for the conyenienco of conventions. t Wanted Agents. Rest work. Good commissions. Kansas Steam Laundry, Wichita, Kansas. t ', The cold-hearted probate ' judge of Shawnee county refuses to 6ell mar riage licenses on credit The new public library at Anthony has received a gift of COO volumes from a generous New York man. Tom Osborne of Kansas was elected an alternate to a delegate to the Re publican League of Kansas. The prime joke in Kansas just now is to challenge anybody to name all the eight congressmen. There are not more than 200 people in tho whole atate who can do it. The prettiest flower in the west is the blossom of the Kansas sensitive plant The prairies are now covered with them. They are as pretty as any that grows in Japan. Fay Templetou, who used to play in Kansas opera houses along about 1870, has just received 8100,000 from a re cent husband's estate. She is still young and will probably marry again. Kansas people know very little the Nashville exposition and further than a glimpse of a news item or two care nothing about it. But when the Omaha exposition comes in all Kansas will go. The story that Jack the Peeper at Emporia was a woman in man's cloth ing has been proved false. Jack climb ed over a fence the other night when pursued and did not throw one leg over the top rail. J. T. Martin of Lenape is in the Leavenworth county jail to be cared for until he recovers his mental bal ance. Martin was a storekeeper at Le nape until he failed in business, and then he went to farming. His mind was shaken over the failure and he went crazy. His great fear is that his family will starve to death and he talks of this and nothing else. Reports from Barton county show that wheat in that section of Kansas is far beyond the average. The wheat is said to be better than it was in 1802, and will average from 30 to 35 bushels to the acre. One farmer, of Cheyenne hat 400 acres of wheat that will aver age 45 bushels to the acre. Besides the wheat, considerable corn, katlir corn, potatoes, etc., are giving encour aging prospects for a bountiful yield record break. And the Kansan, with these prospects, has a perfect right to boast of his independence. Reports from 47 Kansas counties show that the acreage of alfalfa, com pared with the acreage of 1890, has been increased this year 13,071 acres, or a total of 16.45 per cent According to reports received by the secretary of the state board of agriculture, the con dition of the alfalfa crop was never better, and exceptionally good results are anticipated unless some unforeseen calamity 6hould overtake the growing fields. Thirteen counties show a de crease of 1,042 acres, while 34 counties show an increase of 14,113 acres, mak ing the net increase in acres 13,071. The smallest decrease, three acres, is in Rush county. The largest, 381 acres, is in Mitchell county. The greatest inereasc, 1,141 acres, is in Sheridan county; the smallest increase, 13 acres, Is in Clay county. Irvin Land is, son of Harry Landis, leaves Annapolis soon for a cruise in China. He is an Ensign in the United navy States. R. Sterling of Augusta, has received a contract for furnishing about 55,000 worth of stone for the Hutchinson re formatory. The stone for cells at the reformatory will have to be sawed stone which necessitates his putting in a saw mill. While the stone does not have to be delivered until August he will begin getting out the stone at once. Little bits of newspaper soaked in sour milk until it becomes a pulp, fod to hens is said to increase their egg layiug capacity. Kansas should give it a thorough test. The hen may again help to increase tbe circulation of the Kansas newspaper. The pension board at Stockton is having more work to do than for some time. In the past three weeks they have examined twelve claimants for increase of pension. Of the last four examined two were from Osborne county and one from Phillips county. About five years ago Bert Garrison, son of S. F. C. Garrison, of El Dorado, left and went out to Seattle. Washing ton. After being there about a year he left his trunk with his brother at Seattle and took passage upon a steam er, having at that time something like 1100 on his person. Word bas just been received that a skeleton, identified by a fracture of the skull as being Garri son, bas just been found In a well at Seattle. Canton and McPheraon are now con nected by telephone. The skimming station has begun business at Cool ill go. The young ludy at Horton named Bello Aker ought to do something for it The t?nth annual session of the Lane County institute has opened at Dighton. Gold has again been discovered in Trego county. That shows how dull news is. The city of Kiowa litis ceased to bo a third-class postoillee and has become foui th-cluss. The county ofllcers of Saline county and their wives gave a party in the court house. Ewing Herbert concludes that an en gaged girl has a right to eat ice cream with another man. An evangelist is preaching at Osa watoinio that the world will come to an end next month. There is plenty of water in the Ar kansas in Western Kansas aud tho ir rigating ditches are running. A poor man in Western Kansas went to church in a suit made of flour sacks and was accused of being sacrcligious. Six freezers of ice cream were open ed at Dodge City when the news came that Mike Sutton was appointed inter national revenue collector. The state normal school will hero after confer the degree of bachelor of pedagogy. The degree of old maids of pedagogy will not be given. The "Sucker Mining Company" has been organized at Pittsburg. The name sucker is usually not applied to a company when it is first organized. The Santa Fe has its steam pile dri ver at work at Great Bend putting down the piles to build the trestle work across the irrigation canal where it crosses the roadway. The ladies of Liberal will give a museum show for the benetit of the base ball club, which is better than giving the proceeds to the heathen who don't know a base hit from a foul- The Kansas Grain company's eleva tor at Hutchinson, which was partially destroyed by fire recently, will be re built immediately. The work will be pushed so as to haye the elevator ready for this season's crop. Two car loads of mules have been shipped from Strong City to Arizona to be used in building the Santa Fe dams in that territory. They have also commenced sending men there to work. County Clerk Neihaus has completed the footing up of the returns of the assessors for Leavenworth county. The total population of the county is 35,508, a gain of about 1,000 over last year. Half of the gain was in the city. The city assessor of Kansas City, Kansas, bus filed his report with the county clerk showing the census of 1897. According to the assessor's fig ures, the city has a population of 41, 152. This shows a slight increase dur ing the past year. The census of 1896 gave the city only 40,870, showing a gain of 282. The assessors' returns of Lyons county are in. The county has lost in population 127. The only townships reporting a loss are: Agnes City 210, lyy 91, Center 80, Emporia City loses 413. The total population is 24,124. The value of farm lands has increused 8012,303 in the past six years. There are 22,500 more acres of corn than in 1890 and 5,100 more acres of alfalfa, 8,200 more swine are eating Lyon coun ty corn and alfalfa and the value of animals slaughtered and sold during the past year is 8380,427 greater than in 1890. Lyon county farmers are not planting as much wheat 'and oats as they did. Sheep show the only de crease in stock. Two dollars a day and board will be about the wages of harvest hands in Western Kansas this season. Near Meade, Miss Laura Keach and Mrs. Mort Wilson and four children were driving down a sleep hill in a wa gon. One horse kicked at a fly, got his leg over the tongue, which broke and down went the wagon. The bro ken tongue stuck in the grouud, com pletely up-turning the wagon bed and imprisoning all of them under it like chickens under a tub. The horses broke loose. No one was hurt The Leavenworth Home difficulty is a good deal more exciting and war like than the Greek-Turkish scrap. Probably the first shipment of wool ever made from Meriden was the con signment of 1,400 pounds from W. C Fowler to the E. C. Taylor Commission company of St Louis. Mr. Fowler sheared 225 head which averaged be tween 6 and 7 pounds; he expects to get about 12 cents for his wool, but his principal profit will be in the lambs that he thinks will bring about $4 per head. A vigilance committee has been or ganized by the farmers west of Cald well. This organization is composed of honest, determined men who will rid that country of the gang of thieves that have been making periodical raids there for the past year. Some person or persons are violating the law and doing a most cruel and wicked thing by killing fish in Caney with dynamite. They have about de stroyed all the fish and ruined the fishing all along the Caney within a mile cr two of Sedan. Tho Emporia chorus has won 81,550 in cash prizes and thousands more in honors. Tho chiggevs are holding their an nual state convention at Ottawa und Winflold. Most of tho heavv wheat fieldii ol Reno county will be vt.tel tho latter part of this month. A few fields of late sowing will probably bo u few days later. Tho water was sent through tho Amazon ditch almost to the Scott county line. . The ditch is still full of water and farmers are making uso of the opportunity for watering their crops. There are 43,433 old soldier pension ers in Kunsas and they were paid 8(1,321,398.32 last year. There are 609 old soldiers in Butler county. Proba bly 025 to 050 of them are on the pen sion rolls. Arkansas City has donated the old soldiers a handsome lot in Riverview cemetery. The lot has been selected and is in a good location. The old sol diers intend fixing up the lot and mak ing it a beautiful place for the burial of the veterans. In time a soldiers' monument will be erected on the lot, Pittsburg is to have a free delivery mail system. It will be put in opera tion August 1. At the beginning there will be but five carriers, one of whom will be mounted. Tho postofllce de partment has had the plan under ad visement for some time, but not until now were the details officially known. The state irrigation plunt at Santo Fe was sold last week. The plant will bo removed to Garden City and put in operation at the Windsor Hotel for the purpose of supplying that institution with water, including the operation of the elevator. A largo tank will bo placed on the roof for storing the wa ter. A new elevator 30x70 feet will be erected at ooce at Russell It will have a storage capacity of 20,000 bush els, and a capacity to handle from 8,000 to 10,000 bushels daily. It will be equipped with a 15-horsepower gaFj oline engine aud latest improved ma chinery for cleaning and handling the grain. The constitution and by-laws of the Civic Fedei ation, a sort of taxpayers' league recently organized at Leaven worth, have just printed a neat pam phlet form, copies of which have been have been distributed. The chief ob ject of the Civic Federation is to dis cover and correct abuses in municipal affairs and thereby work for the wel fare of the taxpayer. The city council of Paola lias ordered the city treasurer to cease paying in terest on $15,000 of bonds issued some years ago to bore for gas. The bonds were fairly voted, the city received tho money for the bonds. A portion of it was spent in an attempt to find gas, and some of it for a free library and a park fountain. Interest was paid for several years. Paola is not in the short grass region, but in one of the wealth iest counties in Eastern Kansas. Joel Harmell, aged 85 years, a farm er who lives two miles south of the Douglas county poor farm, was drag ged to death on the 14th by a team of mules with which he was cultivating a potato patch. He was at work in the field when the team became frighten ed o nd ran away. He became tangled in the lines, his feet catching in them, and was dragged for quite a while be fore the team wos stopped. His injur ies were horrible. He was dragged through a barb wire fence twico and the flesh torn from one of his legs clear to the bone. One arm was broken In two places, his nose was broken and his skull was crushed, besides other minor injuries. The recent heavy rains insure the Jewell county corn crop. From seven to twelve inches of water fell. It is predicted that Jewell will produce over twelve million bushels of corn this season. The farmers of the Kaw river valley above Argentine have discovered a new potato pest which threatens tc destroy a large part of the crop. It is a small bug which digs into the hill and bores into the vine and up through it Every vine it enters is killed and the growth of the potato is stunted. Cy Leland hat. gone to New Mexico to rest up from politics by playing with his grand-child. The station receipts at Dodgo City up to date, amounts to more than $100,000, and it is the largest amount of business that has been transacted for any one month for ten years past About 650 cars of cattle have been un loaded at the station this month up to date. A number of Northern Arizona cattle are yet to arrive and swell the number of cattle shipments in the next few weeks. A new pension board for Eureka has been appointed consisting of Drs. Grove and Dillon of Eureka and Dr. Grimes of Severy. The old board had been in office under several administrations. Mary, the 13-year-old daughter of Frank M. Cook of Osage City, while out horseback riding June 12th, was thrown from her horce and killed When she lost her seat her foot caught in the stirrup of the saddle and she was dragged for 200 before becoming disengaged. She survived bat a tew minutes. FARM AND GARDEN. MATTERS OF INTEREST TO AGRICULTURISTS. Some Cp-to-date Hints About CnltlvB lion of the Soil and Yield Thereof Horticulture, Viticulture and Horl- cnlture. (Irowlnc Celery. S a celery grower of fifteen years ex perience I may be able to give my brother truckers a few practical hints that would give them a speedy nfeurn for money invested, says a writer in American Gardening. You mav sav. "Yes. but it re quires experience to raise good marketable celery, and this in volves time, labor and expense, Years ago, before tlse advent of the self-bleaching sorts, I will admit that this was in a measure true, but since the Introduction of the Golden Self Blanchlne White Plume, and Giant Pascal (and right here I would say, there are no better ssrts), it requires but little more experience to grow a good crop of celery than it does to pro duce one of cabbage or beet. First be gin properly by buying seed of some reliable seedman. Now select a plot of fine loamy soli; If black, all the better. Spade this to a depth of at least one foot, as early in the spring as the ground can be worked, then with a steel-toothed rake level oft smoothly, and lay out beds two feet wide, but do not raise them more than can be helped. If the ground is not very rich, now is the time to make it so, by ap plying some good brand of superphos phate, say a peck to each rod of bed. This must be raked in to a depth of five or six Inches, then again care fully rake the beds lengthwise. This done, draw marks crosswise. These must be very shallow, and eight inches apart; seed may now be sown quite thickly and covered by sifting fine earth over It so as just to hide the 8eed3. Firm down, either with light roller or otherwise. As celery seed re quires a long time to germinate, the beds must be sprinkled once a day if the weather be dry. If this prelim inary work has been well done, in about three weeks you will have a fine bed of plants, which may be thin ned to about one inch apart in the row. All the attention now required will be to keep the beds free from weeds, and give water when dry until abefut the first of July, when the plants should be removed to the field. A re claimed swamp muck is undoubtedly the best and most natural ground on which to grow celery. It should be well drained and made very rich, and be well fitted. The rows should be made four feet apart, and It la well to sink the rows an inch or two. Holes for receiving the plants should be set Brmly and the soil, if dry, pressed with the feet; the plants must be watered until established. Nothing more need be done for six weeks ex cept to keep all well cultivated and free from weeds; by that time the plants will .have attained about one toot of growth, and banking must be gin. This branch of celery culture has until recently been a slow and ted ious operation. The push scraper is now used by all progressive growers; this is a simple tool and easily made by any one in a few minutes. Take a board six inches wide, fifteen inches long, three-fourths of an inch thick, bore a hole In the center and insert a handle (a rake handle is Just the thing) sloping back at a convenient angle; now brace it and you have a push scraper. It now requires two men with "push scrapers' one each Bide of row; the earth should be push ed gently against the plants, this makes a banking of about six inches, and gets no more dirt in the hearts than the old time handling, and is much more ex peditious; besides, the plants aro in better shape for banking properly, which can be done with hoe or spade, as the operator may see fit. The earth should be drawn nearly to the top of plants, and if the self-blanching sorts have been used, this will be all the banking required, and in about three weeks there will be a fine crop of celery. Giant Fir of Washington. A tree that rivals in height and age the monarchs of the redwood forests in California has lust been cut into sectlona out in the state of Washing ton, says a writer in St Paul's Pio neer Press. All the terms which have been invented to describe big tree3 could be applied to this mammoth without flattery or exaggeration. An idea of its size may be gained from the fact that if sawed into Inch strips the lumber made from the tre would nil fpn nf tho lareest sized freight cars, and the stripe of wood, if placed end to end, would reacn rrom me own wher the tree now is New Whatcom, Wash. across the waters of the Pacific Ocean to the land of LI Hunz Chane. The total height of the tree, as it stood before being felled. was 465 feet, or about one-eleventh of a mile. To the Doint where the first limb branched out was 220 feet At the base the circumference was found to be 33 feet 11 inches. Ttere was not throughout the tree the slightest indication of unsoundness. In all the forests of Washington there is not a tree, young or old, which would make finer lumber than this. There is a way to tell the age of every tree, Just as there is to learn now many years a horse has lived. With the tree the problem Is solved by studying the number of rinsrs that are clearly dis cernible when the saw has severed the great mass of wood into sections. This teit when annlied to the Washington tree, showed that it as at least 484 (fill w aBnii& years since the day when it became a sapling in the heart of the Cascade mountains. There are fierce storms In the Cascades every winter. The wind blows tremendously and the snow falls a good deal after the same fashion that It does In tho Rocky Mountains. 13ut tho big tree has gone all through this weather for almost live centuries, and if man had only let it alone It would have been none the worse for wear. The men who own the tree lu its present form have submitted to scientists the question regarding the changes which undoubtedly took place around it during tho centuries that have Intervened since it began to grow. Of course, it is impossible to examine In detail the forests of the Cascade Mountains, but so far as investigation has demonstrated the big tree was the oldest in the state of Washington. Scientists hold that the facts stated prove that there has been no material change in the earth's surface in the state of Washington and probably in the entire territory of the United States for at least 600 years. It has been held by some that the surface of the earth in the far western sections of our country differed materially from what It is even with so recent a pe riod from the scientific point of view, as five centuries ago. Hence the big tree completely disproves the cher ished theory. It la quite likely the wooded giant was a tiny sapling in the days when Columbus first discovered the West Indies. It has grown steadily and without opposition since that date. The tree was as straight as an arrow from its base to the first limb, 220 feet, and curiously enough, the trunk maintained an equally stern position to the topmost point Tbe Old and New Lliaci. A few years ago tho writer agreed with the popular opinion that the good old Lilac purple and white of the old homestead would be spoiled by any attempts to enlarge or double its flow ers or modify in any way its peculiar fragrance. But the lover of the good old varieties must decide in favor of the best new sorts after careful ex amination. The foilage is better, they blossom profusely when much younger, the trusses of bloom are larger, the petal3 are larger and thicker, the fra grance is more delicate, and the doub ling of the flowers of some of them give the rich expression and even the colors of the best Hyacinth. Of the single flowering sort3, well tested in Iowa, one of the best is Charles X. It is a strong grower, has good foliage, and its very large reddish purple trusses are delicately fragrant. Of the white single varieties Maria Legrayne is one of the best. It flowers when very young and its pure white trusses are large, well formed, and very fra grant Of the double varieties we highly prize the following: President Carnot, trusses very large, flowers per fectly double with a peculiar mixed ex pression of light blue, pink and white. Pyramldalis has very large compounr" clusters that divide into small trusses resembling the light blue hyacinth spike. Its fragrance Is peculiarly fine. Madame Jules Finger, blooms very young, trusses very large, quite com pact, flowers large, perfectly double. Leon Simon only differs from the above in the color of its flowers being darker in its purple and blue shades. Mons Maxlme Cornu is mentioned last but in bush, leaves, great trusses of double flowers, and rich fragrance it is one of the best. The only purpose of these notes is to draw attention to the re markable advances made in Improving this good old shrub. Prof. J. L. Budd. now Flanti Obtain Food. Bulletin 48, Utah experiment station: It may be interesting before we oass on the experiment proper to explain in a very general way how a plant obtains Its food. The substances which make up the ash of the plant, the water which it contains, and most of the ni trogen of the combustible portion are taken from the soil and the air through the roots; while all the carbon and some of the nitrogen are taken from the air by means of the leaves. When a plant burns, the carbon or charcoal It contains unites with the oxygen of the air to form an invisible gas, usual ly known as carbonic acid gas. Since the burning of charcoal in one form or another is always going on at the earth's surface, it follows that tho air we breathe, the atmosphere about us, must contain considerable quantities of carbonic acid gas. The green coloring matter of leaves, known to scientists as chlorophyll or leafgreen, has the re markable property, when under proper conditions of temperature and moist ure, and in the presence of light, of taking the carbonic acid gas from the air, and of breaking it up in the cell? of the leaf into charcoal and oxygen. The greater part of the oxygen thus set free is thrown back into the atmos phere, while the charcoal Is caused to unite with water and other substances found In the cells to form the various classes of bodies that make up the combustible portion of plants. Fighting Flies. A good plan for keeping the flies off the cow at milking time has been suggested. It is said to work to a charm, and certainly it costs little to try it. The method is to throw a piece of cloth over the cow's back at milking time. The cloth can be made out of old cotton sacks, and should be large enough to cover the body very thoroughly, falling down be hind over the tall, so that the mem ber can not be switched into the face of the milker. Ex. a Von has Annie Orchard. The Kan- a. nnnle kine. Judge Wellhouse. who has the largest apple orchard In the world, seeds his orchard to clover as soon as they begin bearing, and twice . rnlla the clover down with a heavy roller provided with knives slm ii. f to those of a stalk cutter. The clo ver reseeds Itself. Ex. Itulei of Auction gale of Horiw, Without invidious comparison the Chicago horse market is tho largest place in the world to buy horses, either at private sales or at public auctions. Every animal is sold under a guaran teed representation, and is tried by the purchaser before being accepted, and mii3t be In all respects according to the conditions of the sale. All kinds of vehicles and appliances are at hand to show horses according to their sev eral uses, either as drafters, drivers oi saddlers, and all sales are void if the animals fall to perform according to the recommend. A horse sold sound must be so ic every particular, free from vices ane able to pass a perfect veterinary exam lnation. A horse sold serviceably sound mus virtually be a sound horse for all useful purposes of his class. He must be per fect in eyes, wind, not lame, not a crlbber, and be able to do as much work as a perfectly sound horse. He can be serviceably sound and be a little round ing on the curb joint, but not curbed or branded. He cannot be scarred from fistula, or have a hip down, but may be slightly cut out at the knee, or puffed a little about the ankles. He cannot have scars or blemishes that constitute deformities, or blemishes and scars that deteriorate his value more than a trifle or that in any way impair his usefulness for work. Car bruises must be of a temporary nature. A horse sold to wind and work must be sound in wind, a good worker, not a rlbber or weaver and everything elsa goes with him. A horse sold for a worker only must be a good worker, and all imperfections go with him. A horse negotiated at the halter is sold just as he stands, all imperfec tions, blemishes and unsoundness go with him. He is sold without recom mend, the title only is guaranteed. Whether the animal is sold to work single or double, he must have all other qualities recommended by the auc tioneer at the time of his sale. Any horse proving different from the rec ommend on which he is sold can be rejected, but the purchaser must exam ine and try the animai on the day it is sold, or within the required time specified by the rules and regulations governing sales adopted by the Horse Commission Union at the Stock Yards. The prices quoted in the horso auc tion reports are for horses sold on the block to the highest bidder. The sales made at retail are not published un less they are for extra choice animals that sold considerably above the regu lar auction quotations, says Drovers' Journal. Domestic and foreign buy ers carefully Inspect all the arrivals as soon as reportad, and as many animals as possible that will fill their orders are purchased privately, dealers pre ferring this method, as It gives them more time to examine and try their purchases than can be accorded wheie uorses are soia unaer me nammer at the speed of sixty to eighty offerings per hour. Horses sold at private retail generally command better prices than horses negotiated in the auction, al though there are many exceptions to this rule, the spirit of the bidder cre ating competition, and buyers, relying on each other's Judgment, bid the offe--ing up to a price above his retail value. There is no uniformity among shippers as to methods in disposing of their con signments, one shipper selling all the horses he can privately out of his load, and another shipper reserving all his horses for the auction, with the expec tation that the better offerings will help sell the plain and medium kind. Buyers, however, prefer purchasing at retail and for the superior advantage It gives them to find out the quality vt their purchases they are willing to pay a higher price privately than they would bid in the auction. The excep tion to this rule is in those instances where a prospective buyer has thor oughly Inspected and tried a hor.;e be fore he is put up under the hammer. A Berry Picking Army. A report from Sarcoxle, Mo., May 18, says the strawberry picking season has opened here with a great and picturesque gathering of people. The Sarcoxle Horticultural Association controlling a farm of 1,400 acres in strawberries, ad vertised for 10,000 pickers. Their clr-. culars were responded to by fully 20,4 000 people, who are now besiegiag tlTe hotels and lodging houses of Sarcoxle. The overflow has been so great that thousands were forced to sleep upon tne gruuuu auu c iijcu uieais m hastily improvised dugouts or shan ties constructed of branches and leaves. The line of campers extends for ten miles along the shores of the Spring river. Men representing almost every known avocation are here. Some of them have seen better days, but pov erty has forced them to leave cities and they have sought the field to keep soul and body together. New Orchards. Thousands of acres of peach orchards will come into bear ing in Southern Missouri this year. The Ozark Mountain region will soon be one vast orchard. The peaches and apples from that section are pronounced un excelled in flavor. Many Missouri peaches last year were packed in Cali fornia style boxes and sold In some markets with California peaches at bet ter prices. With Georgia, Michigan and Missouri producing such great quanti ties of peaches, nothing short of co operation on the part of the peach growers of these sections will prevent great disaster in glutting markets, Ex. Tt in a mistake for the beef breeW to think that he is benefitted by the small amount rt beef fat that is used In making spurious butter. His beet fat competes with himself In this way 4 It makes dairying unprofitable, and; drives the dairymen into raisin beeves. This Increases the competition In beef raising, and consequently forces down the pries