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MADE PRESIDENT Many Thousands Witness His In duction Into Office. CEREMONIES ARE IMPRESSIVE New Executive of Nation Takes Oath on East Portico of Capitol After Marshall Becomes Vice President. By EDWARD B. CLARK. Washington, March 4. Woodrow Wilson of New Jersey is president of the United States and Thoma3 Riley Marshall of Indiana Is vice-president. The instant that the oath-taking cere monies at noon today In front of the capital were completed, the Democrat ic party of this country "came Into Us own" again after an absence of six teen years from the precincts of ex ecutive power. A throng of many thousands of people wltnesged the newly elected president's Induction into office. Nine tenths of the members of the crowd were enthusiastically Joyful, the other V" -I A V1 J, President Woodrow Wilson. j tenth cheered with them, as becoming good American citizens watching a governmental change ordered in ac cordance with the law and the Con stitution The I3iblo which during each suc cessive four years is kept as one of theMreasures of the Supremo court, was the immediate instrument of the oath taking of Woodrow Wilson. Ed ward Douglass W)ite, chief justice of the United Statefj held the Book for Mr. Wilson to rest his hands upon while he made solemn covenant to rupport the Constitution and the laws of the United States, and to fulfill the duties of his office as well and as faithfully as it lay within his power to do. Thomas Riley Marshall swore feal ty to the Constitution and to the ' people In the senate chamber, where for four years it will be his duty to preside over the deliberations of the members of the upper house of con gress. Ceremonies Simple and Impressive. Both of the ceremonies proper were conducted in a severely simple but most imDressive manner. The sur- Toundings of the scene of the presi dent's induction into office, however, were not so simple, for it was an out-of-door event and the great gathering of military, naval and uniformed civil organizations gave much more than a touch of splendor to the scene. In the senate chamber, where the the oath was taken by the man now vice-president of the United States, there were gathered about 2,000 Deonle, all that the upper house will contain without the risk of danger because of the rush and press of the multitudes. It is probable that no iwhere el3e in the United States at any time are there gathered an equal number of men and women whose nntriPH are so -widely known. The gathering in the senate chamber and later on the east portico or tne capi nl wna composed largely of those Drominent for their services in Amer ica, and in part of foreigners who liave secured places for their names Jn the current history of tho world's doings. Arranged by Congress.' The arrangements of the ceremonies for the inauguration of Woodrow il son and Thomas Riley Marshall were made by. the Joint committee on ar rangements of congress. The senate section of this committee was ruled by a majority of Republicans, but there is Democratic testimony to the fact that the Republican senators were willing to outdo their Democratic brethren in the work of making or derly and impressive the inaugural ceremonies In honor of two chieftains nf the onnosition. President Taft and President-elect Wilson rode together from the White House to the capital, accompanied by two members of the congressional committee of arrangements. The vice-president-elect also rode from the White House to the capital and in the carriage with him were the senate's resident pro tempore, Senator Macon if Georgia, and three members of the congressional committee of arrange i 2fc 7 i -wr II j J i - A X lite ments. The admission to the senate cham ber to witness the oath-taking of the vice-president was by ticket, and it is needless to say every seat was occupied. On the floor of the cham ber were many former members of the senate who, because of the fact that they once held membership in that body, were given the privileges of the floor. After the hall was filled and all the minor officials of govern ment and those privileged to witness the ceremonies were seated, William H. Taft and Woodrow Wilson, preced ed by the sergeant-at-arms and the committee of arrangements, entered the senate chamber. They were fol lowed immediately by Vice-Presidentelect Thomas R. Marshall, leaning upon the arm of the president pro tempore of the senate. The president and the president elect sat in the first row of seats di rectly in front and almost under tho desk of the presiding officer. In tho same row, but to their left, were the vice-president-elect and two former vice-presidents of the United States, Levi P. Morton of New York and Ad lal A. Stevenson of. Illinois. When the distinguished company en tered the chamber the senate was still under its old organization. The oath of office was immediately admin istered to Vice-President-elect Mar shall, who thereupon became Vice President Marshall. The prayer of the day was given by the chaplain of the senate, Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, pas tor of All Souls' Unitarian church, of which President Taft has been a mem ber. After tho prayer the vice-president administered the oath of office to all the newly chosen senators, and therewith the senate of the United State3 passed for the first time in years into the control of the Demo cratic party. Procession to East Portico. Immediately after the senate cere monies a procession wa3 formed to march to the platform of the east por tico of the capitol, where Woodrow Wilson was to take the oath. The pro cession included tho president and the president-elect, members of the Su preme court, both houses of congress, all of the foreign ambassadors, all of the heads of the executive depart ments, many governors of states and territories, Admiral Dewey of the navy and several high officers of the sea service, the chief of staff of tho army and many distinguished persona from civil life. They were followed by the members of the press and by thoso persons who had succeeded in secur ing Keats in the senate galleries to witness the day's proceedings. When President Taft and the president-elect emerged from the capitol on to the portico they saw in front of them, reaching far back into the nnrlr to the east, nu immense con course of citizens. In the narrow line between the onlookers and the pint form on which Mr. Wilson was to take the oath, were drawn up the cadets of the two greatest government schools, West Point and Annapolis, and flanking them were bodies of reg ulars and of national guardsmen. The whole scene was charged with color and with life. On reaching the platform the presi dent and president-elect took the seats reserved for them, seats which were flanked by many rows of benches rising tier on tier for the accommoda tion of tho friends and families ol the officers of the government and of the press. Mr. Wilson Takes the Oath. The instant that Mr. Taft and Mr. Wilson came within sight of the crowd there was a great outburst of ap plause, and the military bands struck quickly into "The Star Spangled Ban ner." Only a few bars of the music were played and then soldiers and ci vilians became silent to witness re spectfully the oath taking and to listen to the address which followed. The chief justice of the Supreme court delivered the oath to the president-elect, who, uttering the words, it Chief Justice White. "I will," became president of the United States. As soon as this cere mony was completed Woodfow Wilson delivered his inaugural address, his first speech to his fellow countrymen in the capacity of their chief execu tive. At the conclusion of the speech the bands played once more, and William Howard Taft, now ex-president of the United States, entered a carriage with the new president and, reversing the order of an hour before, sat on the left hand side of the carriage, while Mr. Wilson took "the seat of honor" on the right The crowds cheered aB they drove away to the White House, which Woodrow Wilson entered as the occupant and which William H. Taft immediately left aa one whose lease if . Uy la CWv'4l I t v v : - . had expired. WILSON liRED OT HUE PARADE New President Reviews Immense Inaugural Procession. AVENUE A GLORIOUS SIGHT General Wood, Grand Marshal Vet erans, National Guard and Civil ians In Line Indians Add Touch of Picturesque. By EDWARD B. CLARK. Washington, March 4. Woodrow Wilson, as ex-Dresident of Princeton, rode down Pennsylvania-avenue to day, and later rode, up the same ave nue as president of the United States, and as the highest officer of govern ment a few minutes thereafter re viewed the multitudes of soldiers and civilians which, with playing band3 and flying flags, marched by to give him proper official and personal honor. Fpr several nights Pennsylvania ave nue has been a glory of light. Today it was a glory of color, movement and music, here are 300.000 inhabitants of the city of Washington. Jts tem porary population Is nearer the hair million mark. The absentees from the flanking lines of the parade were most ly the policemen, who were given or ders to protect the temporarily vacat ed residences of the capital. Woodrow Wilson asked that "Jeffer sonian simplicity" be observed in all things which had to do with his in auguration. The command for Jeffer sonian simplicity seems to be suscep tible to elastic construction. There was nothing savoring of courts or roy alty, but there was evidence in plenty that tho American people love uni forms and all kinds of display which can find a place' within the limits of democratic definition. It was a good parade and a great occasion generally. Throngs Vociferous With Joy. The Inhibition of the inaugural ball nnd of the nlanned public reception at the capitol had no effect as a bar to the attendance at this ceremony of chanirine presidents. Masses were here to see, and other masses were here to march. Thcro was a greater demon stration while the procession was pass ing than there was four years ago. Victory had come to a party which had known nothing like victory for a good many years. The joy of posses- Escortina the President-Elect to White House at a Previous Inauguration sion found expression in steady and .. i t i abundantly noisy ucciuuu. President Taft and President-elect Wilson were escorted down the ave nue by the National Guard troop of cavalry of Essex county, New Jersey. The carriage in which rode Vice-President-elect Marshall and Presi dent pro tempore Bacon of the United States senate was surrounded by the members of the Black Horse troop of the Culver Military academy of Indi ana. This is the first time in the his tory of inaugural ceremonies that a guard of honor has escorted a vice president to the scene of his oath tak ing. Parade a Monster Affair. The military and the civil parade, a huge affair which stretched its length for mile3 along the Washington streets, formed on the avenues radiat ing from the capitol. After President elect Wilson had become President Wilson and Vice-President-elect Mar shall had become Vice-President Marshall, they went straightway from the capitol to the White House and thence shortly to the reviewing stand in the park at the mansion's front. The parade, w ith Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, United States army, as its grand marshal, started from the capi tol grounds to mflve along the avenue to the White House, where it was to pass in review. The trumpeter sound ed "forward march" at the Instant the signal was flashed from the White house that in fifteen minutes the new ly elected president and commander-in-chief of the armies and navies of the United States would" be ready to review "his troops." It was thought that the parade might lack some of the picturesque features which particularly appealed to the people on former occasions. There were Indians and rough riders here not only when Roosevelt was Inaugu rated, but when he went out of office and was succeeded by William H. Taft. The parade, however. In honor of Mr. Wilson seemed to be pictur esque enough in Its features to appeal to the multitudes. They certainly made noise enough over it Tn procession was la divisions, wlth General Wood as the grand marshal of the whole affair and hav ing a place at its head. The display, In the words Invariably used on like occasions, was "Impressive and bril liant." Regulars In First Division. Tho reeulars" of the country's two armed service naturally had the right of way. Maj. Gen. W. W. Wother spoon, United States army, was in command of the first division, in which marched the soldiers and sailors and marines from the posts and the navy yards within a day's ride of Washington. The West Point cadets and the midshipmen from the naval academy at Annapolis, competent be yond other corps in manual and in evolution, the future generals and ad mirals df the army, had place in the first division. All branches of the army service were represented in the body of regu lars engineers, artillery, cavalry, in fantry and signal corps. The sailors and marines from half a dozen battle ships rolled along smartly In the wake of their landsmen brethren. The National Guard division follow ed the division of regulars. It was commanded by Brig. Gen. Albert Xi. Mills, United States army, who wore the medal of honor given him for con spicuous personal gallantry at the bat tle of San Juan hill. General Mills is the chief of the militia division of the United States war department. The entire National Guard of New Jersey was in line, and Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, Maine and North Carolina were represented by bodies of civilian soldiers. Cadets from .many of the private and state military schools of the country had a place in the militia division. . Veterans and Civilians. The third division of the parade was composed of Grand Army of the Re public veterans, members of the Union Veteran league and of the Spanish war organizations.. Gen. James E. Stuart of Chicago, a veteran of both the Civil and the Spanish wars, was in command. Robert N. Harper, chief marshal of the civic forces, commanded the fourth division. Under his charge were po litical organizations from all parts of the rnuntrv. among them being lam many, represented by 2,000 of its braves, and -Democratic clus from Chicago, Boston, Philadelphia, Balti more and other cities. They put the American Indians into the civilian division. The fact that they were in war paint and feathers helped out in picturesqueness and did nothing to disturb the peace. -Mem hprs of the United Hunt C'lubd of 4i America rode in this division. Their pink coats and their high hats ap parently were not thought to jar "Jeffersonian simplicity" from its seat. Pink coats were worn on the hunting field in. Jefferson's day and in Jefferson's state. There were 1,000 Princeton students in the civic section of the parade Many of them wore orange and black sweaters and they were somewhat noisy though perfectly proper. StU' dents from seventeen other colleges and universities were among the marchers. Spectators Cheer Constantly. All along Pennsylvania avenue, from the capitol to a point four block be yond the White House, the spectators were massed in lines ten deep. The cheering was constant and Woodrow Wilson cannot complain that the cere monies attending his Induction into office were not accompanied by ap parently heartfelt acclaim of the peo ple over whom he is to rule for at least four years. Every window in every building on Pennsylvania avenue which is not oc cupied for office purposes was rented weeks ago for a good round sum of money. Every room overlooking the marching parade was taken by as many spectators as cound find a vant age point from which to peer through the window panes. The roofs of the buildings were covered with persons willing to stand for hours in a March day to see the wonders of tub inaugu ral parade, and many of them partic ularly glad of an opportunity to go home and to say that after many years waiting they had seen a Democratic president inaugurated. The parade passed tne reviewing stand of President Wllsonwho stood uncovered while the marchers saluted, When the last organization had marched by dusk was coming down The hundreds of thousands of electric lamps were lighted and Washington at night became along its main thor oughfare as bright as Washington at day. The loss of the attraction of the Inaugural ball was compensated for by the finest display of fireworks, It is said, this city baa ever known. www F.mvvww wmwtmmm f - S K 0 LISTENING TO AN TALES OF OTHER AUGURATIQNS Incidents That Marked the Day in Former Years. WASHINGTON'S OATH-TAKUG New York Scene of His Induction Story of Jefferson's Simplicity a Myth "People's Day" When Jackson Took Office. By E. W. PICKARD. Wnnrirnw Wilson is the twenty-sev- enth man to bo inaugurated president of the United States, but the twenty fifth to be inaugurated in Washington. George Washington took the oath of ofilco in New York and John Adams in Philadelphia. Moreover, the la ther of His Country was not inaugu rated on March 4. Arriving at Elizabetlitown Point, N. J., on April 23, he entered a barge rowed by 12 pilots clad in white, and passed through the Kill von Kull into New York harbor, which was full of ail manner of craft gaily decorated and loaded with cheering crowds. The RnnniHh man of war Galveston broke out the colors of all nations, and fired a salute of 13 guns, to which the American frigate North Carolina re sponded. Arrival at New York. As Washington stepped ashore at Mnrrnv's wharf the guns of the Bat tery roared out their salute and Gov. George Clinton and many members ot congress saluted the first president. He was taken to" the residence, of Samuel Osgood, and for an entire week there was revelry throughout tho eitv. Finally, on April 30, all was ready for the inauguration. Washington wa escorted to Federal hall, then the capitol, which stood on the site of the present sub-treasury at Wall and Broad streets. The streets had been filled since sunrise with waiting crowds, and the enthusiasm was in tense. In the senate chamber Wash ington was joined by Adams, Knox, Hamilton, von Steuben and a few oth ers, and all of them appeared on the balcony. Robert R. Livingston, chan eellnr of New York, administered the oath and cried "Long live George Washington, president of the United States," . whereupon there . broke out a mighty tumult of cheering, bell-rin& ing and the noise of cannon, lie turning to the senate chamber, Pres ident Washington read his inaugural address and the history of the United States under the constitu tion began. Myth Abou Jefferson. , If you are a good Democrat, no doubt you believe that Thomas Jeffer son rode unattended to the capitol on horseback, tied his horse to tho fence, and was inaugurated with less ceremony than would attend the tak ing of office by a keeper of a dog pound. Such Is- the old story, but it is pure myth and is first found in a book of travels In the United States written by John Davis, an Eng lishman. Davis asserted that he was an eye-witness of the simple ceremony which he described, but it has been proved that he was not In Wash ington at the time. The inauguration of Jefferson, which marked the defeat of the Federalist party of Hamilton, Washington, Adams and Jay, was the first to take place in Washington. The newly es tablished national capital, then bu.t a few months old, contained only 3,000 inhabitants, many of them negroes; the houses were mostly huts and the streets muddy roads. The big event was tl-ua described In the Philadelphia Aurora of March 11; 1801: "At an early hour on Wednesday, March 4, the city of Washington pre sented a spectacle of uncommon ani mation occasioned by the addition to its usual population of a large body of citizens from the adjacent districts. A discharge from the company of Washington artillery ushered In the day, and about one o'clock the Alex andria company of riflemen with the company of artillery paraded in front of the President's lodgings. At 12 o'clock Thomas Jefferson, attended by :iir km . ...... K INAUGURAL ADDRESS. a number of his fellow citizens, among whom were many members of con gress, repaired to the capitol. His dress was, as usual, that of a plain citizen, without any distinctive badge of office. He entered the capitol un der a discharge from the artillery. As soon as he withdrew a discharge from the artillery w.as made. The remain der of the day was devoted to pur poses of festivity, and at night there was a pretty general illumination." Jackson Almost Mobbed. When Andrew Jackson was elected in the fall of 1828 the people of the west and the radical elements of the south scored a triumph and he was hailed as a "man of the people." This character was emphasized on the day of his inauguration the following March, for never before had such a huge motley throng gathered In Wash ington. Jackson's wife had died not . long before, and he asked that the ceremonies be mado very simple, but the masses were too hilarious to heed the request. The weather was pleas ant and the east front of the capitol was used for the first time for the In auguration. In front ot it surged 10,000 persons who were restrained only by a great iron chain. Jackson rodo to tho capitol on a white horse and went through the ceremonies with dignity, and started back to the White House. Then began his troubles, for the people broke loose with a ven geance. "The president was literally pursued by a motley concourse of people, rid ing, running, helter-skelter, striving who should first gain admittance into the executive mansion, where it was understood that refreshments would be distributed," wrote a contempo rary, Mrs. Samuel Harrison Smith. In their mad rush the crowds smashed furniture and dishes and seized the food as if they were starving. "The confusion became more and more al palling. At ona moment the presi dent, who had retreated until he was pressed against the wall of the apart ment, could only be secured against serious danger by a number of gen tlemen linking arms and forming themselves Into a barrier. It was then that tho windows were thrown open, and the living throng found an outlet. It was the people's day, the people's president, and the people would rule." Taken figuratively, that might not be so poor a description of the plight R of presidents in these later days. Exposure Killed Harrison. For 12 years tho Democrats con trolled the destinies of the country, and then the Whigs elected William Henry Harrison, who was Inaugurated March 4, 1841. By this time trans portation was made easier by the building of railways and the crowd that flocked to Washington was Im mense. It was much better behaved than that which "honored" Jackson, but it was hungry for offices. Cold, wintry blasts swept the streets of Washington that March day, and Harrison, already old and rather feeble, rode his white horse without cloak or overcoat, and with his hat off in salute to the cheering crowds. The line of march was unprecedent edly long, and so was the inaugural address, and then the president led the procession back to the White House. The fbsure was too much for him am'ithia one month he was dea'.. Lincoln's First Inauguration. Immensely dramatic was the first inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in 18G1. From the day of his election threats against his life were numer ous, and detectives discovered ' and foiled an organized plot to assassinate hira on his way to Washington. The big bodies of troops that had been employed at former inaugurations merely to add pomp to the occasion now. were used for the protection of the president As he rode to the capitol in a carriage he was preceded by a company of sappers and miners; a double file of cavalry rode on each side, and In the rear were infantry and riflemen. On house tops and in windows all along Pennsylvania ave nue were posted riflemen. The day had opened cloudy, chilly and dismal, but as the president step ped forward to take the oath from the aged Chief Justice Taney the sun burst through the clouds and shone full on the bowed head of the man who waa to sire up his life for the country he loved. Lincoln himself noticed this "sunburst" and drew from it a happy augury.