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Hutchinson gazette. [volume] (Hutchinson, Kan.) 1895-1902, January 17, 1895, Image 5

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85030687/1895-01-17/ed-1/seq-5/

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HUTCHISON, KANSAS.
POINTER NO. n3
Your dollars will -do the ser
vice of two, herethese
January days.
Silk and Wool Dress Goods, 35c yd.
Striped and Plaid Dress Goods Sic.
48-lnch All Wool Serges, 47ic yd.
46-inch All Wool Cashmeres, 35c yd.
28-inch-Unbleached Muslin 8fc yd.
i SO-inch Turkey Bed Table Damask,
12cyd.
American Gingham Sniffings, 4o yd.
Outing Flannels, 5c yd.
Extra Heavy Shirtings, Sic yd.
31-lfl.ch French Zephyr Ginghams,
15cyd.
Turkey Red Figured Dommet Flan
nels 8ic yd.
Ladies' Crtain Maco Vests, 21c.
Misses' and Boys' Knickerbocker
Hose, 10c pair.
Misses' and Boys' All Wool Scarlet
Underwear, sizes 24 to 34, choice 85c
garment.
Misses' and Boys' Ileavy Woolen Bi
cycle Hose, 20c pair.
Children's Black Cotton Hose, all
sizes, 5c pair.
Children's Wool Hose, 4 and 5, 7c
pair.
Men's Linen Collars, 10c each.
Children's grey Vests and Pants, 7c
and up.
Men's Striped Eandom Underwear,
25c garment
Men's Teck and Four-in-Hand Ties,
tit each.
Men's Ileavy Grey Wool Socks, 15c.
Simpson's Fast C6lored Pongees, 6c
yd.
American Indigo Blue Calicoes, 5c
yd.
Giey Mixed Sanitary Flannels 8c,
Casemont Jeans, 15c yd.
(Double Fold) Dommet Bordered I
Skirtings, Sic yd.
Heavy Blue and Brown XXX Denim
10c yd.
4x4 CLenilo Table covers, 50c.
Bath Room Rugs, 25c.
Lace Curtains, 3 yards long li yard
wide, 73c pair.
Potter's Best Oil Cloth, 15c yd.
Yard Wide Bleached Mualirj, 5c yd.
Ladies Muslin GownB, tucked yoke
and inserting, 75c each.
CG-inch Cream Table Linen, 2oc yd.
16-inch All Linen Crash 5c.
Turkish Towels 5c each.
Ladies' and Misses' Chenile Fascin
ators, 25c each.
Ladies' Gossamers, 35c each.
nome Made French Sateen Comfort,
$1.95 each.
' Factory Made Comforts, $1 each. ,
All Wool Scarlet Blakets, 51.75 pair.
Heavy Strapped Horse Blankets, 98c.
Heavy Grey Blankets $2.25 pair.
Large Kid Baby Dolls, 60c. .
Imported Sazony 6c.
Domestic Saxony, 4c.
German Knitting Yarn, 15c.
Imported German Yarn, 21c.
Zephyr Yarns, all colors, 6c lay.
Extra Ileavy Unbleached Cotton
Fannel, 8c yard.
Signed)
LEADER
TBE
Dry Goods Co.
J. D. WIENER, J. A. MILNE
Managers.
mm
GENU
SALE
PRICES.
HIS MESSAGE.
The New Governor of Kansas Gives
His Views on State Matters.
PERMANENT SCHOOL FUND.
Foreign Markets Constitutional Conven
tion Judicial District Taxation Iu-
surance Irrigation Text-Hooka
" State Institutions Etc., Etc.
Topeka, Kan., Jan. 15. Gov. Morrill
sent his message to the Kansas legisla
ture to-day, which is as follows:
To the Senate and House ot Representatives ot
the State ot Kansas:
I think It may not be deemed Inappropriate
to say to you that while. I appreciate the high
honor conferred upon me by the people of
Kansas In selecting mo as the chief executive
of the state for the coming two years, I am not
unmindful ot the grave responsibilities that
will devolve upon me, and I should
hardly have courage to undertake them
did I not feel that In every honest
effort I may make to give to the people
ot the state good government I shall have your
hearty and undivided support. A third of a
J century has passed since Kansas was admitted
I Into the union, and you meet In this session
under conditions strikingly In contrast witn
those that presented themselves to the first
state legislature of. Kansas. There has been a
wonderful inorease in wealth and population, a
whallv changed condition of things, demand-
' Ing an entirely different consideration of
' affairs! You will pardon ma It I remind you
that' weighty responsibilities rest on you, and
, upon your action will largely depend the suc
cess of the present administration.
I am not aware that there Is any demand
1 from the people for a radical change In the
laws, but they do ask for relief from excessive
' taxation; that the expenses of the state shall
be reduced to the lowest possible point con
- 3lstent with a wke and economical adminis
tration of the state government. Owing to the
financial panic, through which the country has
: passed during the last years, in soma respects
I the severest that has ever been known, and
, the partial failure of crops for the same period,
and a decreased demand for labor, which ren
ders our burdens far more oppressive than
they would be In years of prosperity. It
should be a source of hearty congratulation to
all that Kansas has passed through the terri
ble crisis with so few failures, and so Utile to
dlscourago citizens.
Foreign markets. .
And in this connection I desire to call your
attention to one branch of the trade of this
country that especially Interests our people,
and that Is the lnoreased demand for our iarm
products from a foreign market For several
years a steady and determined effort was made
to open up the markets of the old country to
some of the products In which Kansas excels,
especially Indian corn, beet and pork. Under
a better light, secured by wise legislation,
prejudice and cupidity were gradually yielding,
and our exports of these products were becom
ing an Important factor or great value to our
people, and gave a promise ot an Increased de
mand for the articles in producing wnicn Kan
sas can lead the world. But the present con
gress has. In my Judgment, by Ill-advised and
orude legislation, assumed to dictate to foreign
nations their Internal policy of protection to
their home industries by discriminating duties
on sugar Imported from countries having export
duties on that article. This has led to active
retaliation on the part ot those countries, and
all the nations of central Europe have become
commercially estranged from our country, and
are taking actlve.and what prove to be effec
tive, measures to prevent the Importation ot
our meats. Justifying themselves by a revival
of the exploded and senseless claim that our
meat animals are diseased. The repeal of tho
reciprocity provisions of our tariff laws has
caused Spain and other countries to make a
most uniust discrimination against the Impor
tation of.our farm produots. To relieve us of
this embarrassment by the removal of this em
kiM, ant mHH as s ! vfceee
we can Increase to Its utmost limit the expor
tntlonof those articles which are our main
support. Is a matter, of universal concern to the
neoDle of Kansas. I would therefore urge the
the passage of a concurrent resolution by your
honorable bodies. Instructing our senators and
requesting our representatives In congress, to
Introduce and work for the passage of the most
effective remedial legislation In this rctrard.
The governor then gives several rea
sons for a constitutional convention,
saving thut the judicial system should
be reorganized, tho lotting of convict
labor prohibited, the powers of corpor
ations defined and the care ol the
school fund chano-cd. lie then says
that there is a demand for nn appellate
court, the supreme court being so far
behind that if a case was tiled now it
would be six years beforo it could be
heard. Ilo then goes on to say:
Thcrcought to be a complcto redisricting
of tlio st:ito for Judicial purposes, and a reduc
tion of at least twelvo districts In number.
This would savo to the stato In salaries of
imL'cs alone -JM.iKIO per year. I am not unmind
ful of tho difficulties in the way of a redistriet-
ng of the state, but I have commence to be
lieve that this legislature has the good Judg
ment, courago and ability to carry out a reform
which commends itself to the intelligence of
Bvery voter In the state.
I'crmnuent School Fund.
Tho Investment of tho permanent school
fund of tho stato is a matter of gravo public
concern, and it should be guarded very care
fully. There aro ubout fiS.OuO.uoo in this fund.
Several hundred tnousana uonars or tins
monov are reinvested every year. Too much
care cannot be taken in the quality of the se
curities purchased. The safety of the fund Is
of tho highest Importance, anu snoum oe pro
tected more sacredly than even tho funds In
tho state treasury.
During the boom period, In Kansas, wane
values were Inflated, large amounts of bonds of
various kinds were purohased. I would recom
mend that a legislative committee he appoint
ed to thoroughly Investigate the securities on
hand, with Instructions to report tne actual
cash value of each, and to recommend such
steps as may be deemed advisable to Ox the
responsibility of illegal investments, to coiiec
doubttul securities, and to suggest any neces
sary legislation to guard investments in the
future. And l wouia suggest mat mis com
mittee be appointed early in the sesslpn, so
that It may report and recommend any amend
ments to the law thut may be necessary for the
protection ot the fund.
Intemperance.
Tho blighting influence of intemperance is
still seen In our state. There is scarcely a com
munity that does not suffer from this cause,
and happy Is the family that is not direotly af
fected by It. Its approach is so Insidious that
Its danger Is scarcely realized until it is too
late to stay its evil effects. How to cure, or
even lessen tne ovu, w cuuimanucu .as
earnest thought of every lover 01 nis race,
be he stotesman or moralist. Its demoralizing
effects are universally conceded, and can hard
ly be exaggerated. Much of the poverty and
crime, the suffering and the sorrowing existing
to-day can be clearly traced to Its evil Influ
ence. Whatever tends to refine and elevate a
people to give them purer and nobler asplra-
tlons-wlll surely teno. to lessen inn byiu
great work of removing Intemperance from our
land must be done through the churches,
schools and othor elevating helps. Law Is
only a help an assistant and never should be
placed before moral influences. It In fact can
only be enacted when moral forees have ore
ated a healthy publio sentiment against Intem
perance. It Is valuable as an aid to help cre
ate and maintain a healthful public sentiment,
but ought never to be substituted for it The
great work of advancing the cause of temper
ance can only be done by thorough organisa
tion and active effort along the lines of sduca
tloa and moral suasion, aided by taws fully
abreast of the publlo sentiment.
Ia 1880 an amendment to the constitution was
adopted, prohibiting the manufacture and sale
lit Intoxicating. Ui'iors, x:epl for medical .
r-!entl8i ana mechanical purpose -In ISSl,
1S85 and lfeOT, laws were passed providing for
the enforcement of this provision ot the consti
tution. Three legislatures have since been
elected, and no attempt has been made to re
peal or essentially modify these laws. It Is,
iliorefore, fulr to assume that the rBflfrdesIro
...I-., II .U.. Mn '
I this subject. The only fair Interpretation to I
be placed upon their action is, thut the open i
saloon shall not return to our state, and taut
they believe that tho effect of the prohibitory
law has been to lessen t'ae evils ot Intemper
ance. AsBOMmont and Taatloot
There is nn almost universal expression ot
dissatisfaction with our present modo ot as
sessing property for taxation. That It Is un
equal and consequently unjust, no one familiar
with It would for a moment deny. It is prob
ably one ot the most difficult matters to
provide for in our laws. Our theory of
taxation is that property shall pay the tax,
and the only safe rule to follow Is to
assess all property at Its actual cash vulue
without regard to Its character or the use to
which it is applied. To a certain extent, how
ever, the revenue derived from property ought
to be taken as a basis upon which to compute
its value. It every piece of property in the
state were assessed at its actual cash value
there would be absolute equality in the pay
ment of taxes. But the same would be true if
all the property In the state were assessed
at 10, SO or 80 per cent, ot its real
value. The inequality arises, not from
the fact that the property of the state
la assessed too low, but because it Is
assessed unequally. When one piece of prop
erty Is assessed at 10 per cent, of what It is
really worth and another piece la assessed at
It full value, and othor property is not as
sessed at all, great injustice la dona to some ot
the taxpayers; and yet that oondltlon 01 mings
actually exists in our state to-day. Million
of dollars' worth of property escapes taxation
entirely as a result of Ignorance, lnemclenoy or
willful dishonesty on the part of assessors,
Other property Is assessed at from 10 percent,
to 100 per cent, of Its actual value, according to
the Judgment or whim of the assessor.
There would be less danger of this inequality
if an honest attempt were made by all assess
ors to place the true value on all property; but
before -that-could-be safely done the laws In
regard to limitations on levies should be
changed. To make the assessment four or five
times what It Is at present, allowing the limit
ation on the levy to remain where It Is, might
prove practioal confiscation of property in some
school districts, or counties oven. After a pa
tient and careful examination of the law, I am
unable to see where It fs,lls to provide for an
honest, Impartial assessment. The fault seems
to be rather In the administration of the law
than In the law itself. If tho proper
officers complied strictly With every pro
vision of the laws relating to assess
ment and taxation there would be little
cause for complaint. More severe penalties
might be attached for violations of the law, out
that remedy would hardly accomplish the de
sired results, for when an assessor makes his
return,wlth property assessed Tat from 10 to to
per cent, of Its real value, and swears that he
has to the best of his judgment given the true
ralue. he knows, and everybody else knows,
that he commits willful perjury, But bow can
you prove that he has not used his best Judg
ment In deoldlng values?
What, then, is the remedy? In the first
place, it is Impossible to get an equal, just val
uation of property under, our present system.
When vou divide up this assessment of prop
erty among a large number of men, you Increase
In the same proportion the difficulties of get
ting a uniform valuation. It would be a great
step In the right direction If there were but one
assessor in each county, and he should be ap
pointed for a term of four years by the Judge of
the district court in which that county Is lo
cated, the appointment to be approved by the
county commissioners, who should also decide
the number ot deputies that he should have.
and should also approve his 'selections.
CoUectlon Laws.
The legislature of 1893 enacted a law to regu
late the sale and redemption of real estate un
der execution, etc. It was doubtless the pur
pose and desire of the f ramerS of this act to
furnish relief to those who had mortgaged their
homes and were unfortunately unable to meet
their obligations; but the law seems to have
had directlV the opposite effect turn what was
tattaaaO. Basterlai , ttet s H
which taa law Is based Is a pernicious one,
desire to sail your attention to Its practical
workings.
The past two years have witnessed a rnpld
withdrawal of capital from the state, and the
amount would have been much larger if itcould
have been collected. It Is estimated that
115,000,000 have been withdrawn tho past two
years by partlos In tho cast, who had loans se
cured by real estate, and who have lost confi
dence In Kansas Investments; while nearly all
the large Insurance companies ana savings
banUs which have been accustomed to malo
loans hero, rWUvely reruso to tako any now
mortgages until the laws are changed.
I take it for granted that there will be no dlf
ferencc ot opinion as to the advisability of sc
curing Investments ot foreign capital. Tho
wonderful development of our grand young
statu unnarullod in tho history of the world
has b,en duo, to a very great extent, to tho free
Investment of capital from the custom part of
the country. This has been In the main Ian
ly benetlcial to both sections. The lender lias
received a fair ntfo of interest, and the bor
rower has in most oases mado money by ills in
vestment, while thousands of others havo been
srrent'y bentllted by the rap'd dcvclopnont of
the stato and tho consequent Increased value
of all property. Without thee investments
thero wuuld bo few miles of railroad in opera
tion in our state to-day.
It is hardly necessary to discuss here the
question of whet her the mortgage indebtedness
of the stato has been a benellt or an injury. It ex
ists, and the great mass of our peoplo desire to
honestly pay their debts at the earliest possi
ble moment. It is a gratifying fact that can
properly bo mentioned in this connection, that
the census returns show thre-fourths of the
mortgage Indebtedness represents cither the
purchase money of the farms or permanent im
provements thereon. And the further fact
might be mentioned that the Increased
value of the real estate In the state from
1880 to 1890, the period when most of the
debt was oreatod, was largely In excess of the
total of all mortgages, ana nearly sumciont to
pay the entire Indebtedness and all of the In
terest thereon for the ten years. And this In
creased value was largely the result of the en
terprise and energy that prompted men to
buy farms and to place mortgages on the farms
they already owned, that they might Increase
their acres or make better improvements
thereon. The present condition, with con
fidence entirely gone on the part of investors,
Is an unfortunate one for the borrowers. While
the return of favorablo agricultural conditions
and good crops will be an important element In
restoring confidence, still It Is not the principal
one, and the strongest proof of this statement
Is found In the fact that money on real estate
loans can be obtained more easily, and at less
rates of Interest, In Missouri and Nebraska
than It can In Kansas. .
The proceedings in foreclosure should be
made as simple and Inexpensive as It Is possi
ble to make them, with a due regard to the
rights of the mortgagor. The Missouri form of
trust deed has proven.after many years ot trial,
very satisfactory. Something of that charac
ter, with a provision that the mortgagor should
have the privilege of redemption for twelve
months, by paying taxes. Insurance and Inter
est, would doubtless be satisfactory to the bor
rower and lender. I am confident that the best
imprests of all classes would be promoted by
the enactment of such laws as would tend to
restore confidence in our ability and willing
ness to promptly meet our obligations.
Insurance Laws and Insurance Department.
The laws relating to Insurance corporations
and the transaction of Insurance business in
this state ought to be carefully revised and
amended. The set creatlrg the Insurance de
partment, and most of the laws since passed
providing for the creation of Insurance com
panies In this state, and their government, con
win provisions which ought to be separated.
All provisions relating to the Incorporation ot
in.r.nr eamnsnlw o'jgni be In a distinct
act from the provlf ious ot laws relating to the
insurance department. The lnsuranoe depart
ment was created for the purpose of regulating
Insurance companies, both foreign and domes
tic, doing business In this state, and for pro
tecting the people from fraudulent or Irrespon
Ibis companies. '
Irrigation. .!
The subjeot of Irrigation Is one of vast inv
portance to the people ot this statu. I.i nourly
oae-hclf of the ::tu:e-tt scant supply- of-the-ralnfall
makes general farming uncortain and
precarious business, and renders compara
tively valueless, except for grazing purposes,
millions of acres ot tho choicest lands 1A tho
state. With an ample supply of water at the
proper seuson at least twenty millions of acres
of land now not worth on an nvonwo more than
two-nnd-a-halt dollars per acre, could be
given a value of twonty-llve dollars per acre,
aauing at lenst lour numirea minions otoonnrs i
TOISe wealtfiof tho stato and making that sec.
tlon the garden spot of the state. Numerous
theories for the prevention of drought have been
advocated and tested, but they have proven
failures, and the people are now turning to the
subject ot Irrigation. Thore are some diffi
culties that oonf ront thorn. The amount of the
water supply, and its availability for Irrigation
purposes, are the ohlof problems to be settled.
The western sottlers. In their struggles to de
velop that part of our state, deserve the hearty
support of every citizen. A more brave, honest
and Intelligent class of men never oast their
fortunes In a new country. An appropriation
of the publlo money to a limited degree, to be
expended under the direction of the state board
of agriculture, or the agllcultural college, may
be advisable. But we should carefully avoid
any extravagant expenditure of publlo money
in visionary experiments. The energy, in
dustry and pluck of the people are the
real basis of the development ot any
country, and upon that we must de
pend for the development of every part of oar
state. Wise and equitable laws controlling the
water supply of the streams that we have, may
be necessary, but the chief source of supply. In
my Judgment, must come from what Is known
as the "under-flow," and be utilized by pump
ing. And as every ma& who owns his farm
owns his water, and can own his plant, no leg
islation Is necessary to aid him In the develop
ment of his farm. Experimental stations, bow
ever, can be made valuable, and a thorough and
systematic survey ot that portion o the state
may develop some new means ot utilizing the
present water supply. I most earnestly com
mend to your careful consideration the subject
of reclaiming that beautiful seetlon of our state.
Uniformity of. Text-Books.
The question of state uniformity of text
books Is an Important one, and should receive
your serious attention. As It now Is, thero is
not even county uniformity. Indeed, in many
of our counties the text-books change with the
school-district lines. In some counties there
are from Svo to ten different kinds or text
books used In the publio schools. A family
moving from one district to another Is thereby'
needlessly put to great expense. The result is,
that In the aggregate the people of the state
expend many thousands of dollars for, which
they nover receive any adequate roturn, whion
would bo saved the people It w had a uniform
ity of text-books. This Is all the more Im
portant because this burden falls usually
upon those who are least able to bear
it. The farm tenant, who changos ms
residence "from year to year, or the laborer,
who, seeking employment, must move from one
city to another, is almost Invariably compelled
to buy a new set or books for nisonnaren.
This Is Imposing upon him. an unjust burden,
and compelling him to spend quite a large
amount of money uselessly, because the books
which be Is compelled to dispense with are Just
as valuable, and as useful for the instruction
of children, as the new ones which be is com.
polled to buy. There Is no valid urgument
against the system of state uniformity, and
there are many arguments for it, ana wnere it
has been tried it has proven very advantageous.
Chlckaraaura.
Under the act of congress of August 10, 1890, a
park has been established at the battlefield of
Chlckamauga, and the government has. pur
chased, or proceedings are pending for the pur
chase, of over 8,000 acres of the battlefield, em.
braolng most of the heavy fighting ground. A
commission was appointed by the president to
take charge of this work, and nearly all of the
states whose troops were engaged In that bat
tle have already appointed commissions to aot
in conjunction with the United States commis
sioners In locating the positions or tne diner
cnt regiments and batteries; and most of the
states have provided for the erection or suit
able monuments to mark the position occupied
by Wlfiir respective troops on the field,
mt$ smssmsmMs MM w
seated by Gen. Robert B. Mitchell, command.
ing a division of cavalry; Cdl. John A Martin,
commanding a brigade, and Lleut.-Col. J. L.
Abernathy, commanding the Eighth regiment
of Kansas volunteers.
Eighteen states have already appointed com
missions to assist the national commission in
the work of locating positions. The Eighth
Kansas regiment should have one monument
near tho Vinlard place, where It fought on Sut
urday, the 19th, one at Orchard Knob, nnd one
on Missionary Kidgo.
I would most earnestly recommend that tho
sum of JS.ft.'O bo appropriated for tho erection
of these threo monuments, und that tho fur
ther sum of tlOO be appropriated to pay the ex
nensns of three commissioners, to bo npp ilnted
by tho governor, from tho survivors of that
bi'ttlo, to select the proper monuments and to
decide where they shall bo pluced.
lu tlio matter of public printing; the
"overrun- recommends thut a thorough
revision of the whole subject bo made
by tho legislature, as tho state pays
too much for its printiiiL', and a lot of
matter is printed which is of no impor
tance. Tho abuses that have frown
tin in the system of foes and salaries is
called attention to, also that of em'
ploying enrolling clerks.
Mtnto Hoards.
Several propositions have been discussed
lookin? to a change of the powers and duties of
tho stato boards, but I doubt tho wisdom of
n.iiiiitirr nnv radical changes in this respect,
Some amendments mlnht bemad which would
increase tho efficiency of these boards, ana it
would he well for you to consider the propriety
of abolishing ontlrely some of them. It would
seem that oither the board of publlo works or
ihA nmce of state architect migut do
rtisnnnsod with. The office of silk com.
misslnner can be abolished without
any
rtotr ment to tho state, ine sioie
board of health might be made loss expensive
without materially diminishing Its efficiency.
The office of state veterinarian might be abol
uhori and the office placed under the control
of the professor of veterinary at the agricul
tural college, in tnese times oi oepressiou i
is your duty to cut off all expenditures not
hsolutelv necessary. There has never seemed
to me any reason why members Of the state
hoards should be paid mileage It would be far
mn reasonable and sensible to pay them
their necessary traveling expenses actually
,m their ncr diem ror au time necessar
ily employed, and I know no good reason why
the per aiem snouiu iw uiuixttoM. w
urer of the board of charltUs baudles a large
amount of money, and gives only a small bond
as member of the board. The business-like
way to do would bo to abolish all thes minor
treasurers and require all moneys to be paid
by the state treasurer. Bat If tbb not done,
he ought to be required to give a bond suffi
ciently large to cover any moneys belonging to
the state that may come into nis nanus.
There seems to be no system of chocks or
counterchecks on any of these boards. The
board of charities expend about WiO.OOO per
year. They make their own contracts, audit
their own accounts and manage mutters after
their own will. There is no provision even for
the Investigation of their accounts, except
when the legislature is seized with a sposm of
virtue, and examinations of this kind are but
of littlo value. Tho most critical examinations
ought to be made ol the accounts of every
state institution, at least once a quar
ter, by an expert accountant, who should
visit the Institutions at Irregular sea
sons without the slightest notice to the
officers He could render valuable assist
ance by suggesting Improved modes of
keeping accounts. The governor, as the chief
executive of the state. Is virtually responsible
for the proper management of the state Insti
tutions. TO enaoie nun w oe uruuu. ,u
touch with their management, I would suggest
that he be authorized to employ sn additional
clsrk. who should be an expert acentant.
and whose dnty it should be to emin. quar
terly, or ott It directed f fj""
the eccour all be te tasUwtlons and
state board. He Hwuld else be subject to the
orS-rt. si sjcwnor at all times, with
lholty to examlno the ftfcbtfnls of county
treasurers far enough ut least to protect tho
state In the matter of state tax nnd school
hed fun 'i'he-simplo tact that there
difference of almost 100,OW iff icse accouuts
emphasizes tho Importance or this last sug
gestion. ' '
Insane and Insane Asjlmn.
The" dictates of humauity demount thnt the)
tenderers care Bliould be given to our ilnfortu
nato fcllow-oiiilzens who have boon bereft of
their reason, No reasonable expo.ise should
be spared to provide for their comfort or Uj
mrnisn tun nosvniemciiiunmi'mnup
At present tho two asylums ut Topeka andT
Osawatomte sesm Inadequate to pro
Ido suitubly tor all of this unfor
tunate class. The dctaohed nuiiuing
at Osawatomle fisr female patients, author
ized by the last legislature", 1h now nearly
completed, and when proper provisions snau
have been made for furnishing and rioting it
for ocoupanoy, it will furnish accommodations
for about three hundred females, This will re
Hove for the time being the pressure upon the
two Institutions; but additional room will
soon be required. To provide tor this need,
the asylum at Topeka should be completed by
the erection of a ward building for women, and
center or administration building. When
the Institution was opeued in 1879, with a ca
pacity of 125 patients, temporary accommoda
tions for officers were provided In one end of
one of the ward buildings, wsd they have ever
since been occupied tor thut purpose. This
greatly lessens the oomfort ot the patients, and
this temporary arrangementshould be abolish
ed at the earliest possible moment
The present laws for the commitment oi tne
Insane to the asylum seem to he relics of bar
barism. There Is something absolutely repul
sive to me In the sight of a sheriff taking a
young lady from her home as h would take a
person accused of a orlme, ana Dringing
her before the court, where a gaping
crowd of ourlous people have gathered to see
her tried bv a Jury like a thief. I cannot
see where there could be any danger of a per
son being unlawfully deprived of his liberty it
the probate Judge were authorized to appoint a
commission of two or three reputable physi
cians to go quietly to the home of the unfor
tunate, and make the necessary examination.
And when any person Is adjudged insane, U
would seem much more appropriate to employ
some friend In whom the Insane person had
confidence, to take him quietly to the asylum.
And In case the patient Is a female; a lady at
tendant ought In every case to accompany her.
Keformatory.
The legislature In 188i appropriated 160,000
to purchase a site and to commence the erec
tion of buildings tor a reformatory, for the
confinement ot a class of young: criminals
whom It would ue possible to reform and turn
to lives of usefulness. It Is a startling fact
that the number of criminals In the country at
lame Is steadily and surely Increasing. There
seems to be a large class of vagrunt, shiftless
tramps, from whloh the supply con
stantly recruited. The effeot of confinement
in the state prisons seems to make confirmed
criminals out of thoso who In some measure
might be called Incidental oouvicts. Primarily,
the object of ull punishment for crime Is the
protection of society, but It Is oftentimes a
better and a oheaper safeguard to society to
make good law-abiding citizen out of the
young man who has fallen into evil ways, than
It would be by repeated convictions vo seup
him In the penitentiary. Other states have
adopted a system of reformatories with
marked success, and I suggest to you aoareiui
Investigation of their systems and the Msulta
that have followed, with a view of carrying out
the original plan tor a similar system in this
state.
In nursuance of the act of the legislature ot
1885, a commission was appointed, and a site
for a reformatory was soleoted at Hutchinson,
the citizens of that county donating 040 acres
of valuable land for that purpose. Two nun
dred thousand dollars have since been appro-
nrlated bv the legislature, and nearly the en
tire amount has been expended In the erection
of buildings, some of whloh are completed
while others are in an unfinished condi
tion. It Is claimed that a small appro
priation for the purpose of putting in
heating apparatus and completing the
cells would render It fit for occupancy,
and that the labor of the prisoners could men
be utilized In completing the work, giving tnem
smsnrr ' iiiiifaslsl i gls and Uu
avnlnln bringing them Into competition with
other industries ot the state. This Is a matter
imt. domands vour nrompt and careful consid
eration, and some stops should be taken look
ing to tho early opening of tne rorormatory, in
order that youthful prisoners mignt
moved from the society and Influence of hard
Aned criminals.
Many of tho states have a system of paroling
nrlaonnrs who havo served, mo minimum son-
tence provided by law for tho crime for which
they aro sentonceel, ana wno nave Dy moir
uniform cood conduct shown that they are
umi-thv of conlldcnce, aiul who have the prom
lso of steady employment. Your thoughtful
attention is invited to this mattor, with a view
to tho enactment of o law providing ror a sys
tem of this kind in this state.
Tim n-nvernor recommends a levy to
coinpleto tlio stnto house.
Mate University.
Tho superior Institutions of luarnlng r.re re
ceiving' nn attention that was never lirfuro
bestowed upon them In tho history of tho
country, und thero Is u spirit of emulation
anakciilng in most of tho states to place the
stuto universities upon a high plane. Out uni
versity has always been tlio prldo of Kansas
and It should b the purpose of ourslalo
.!i'm II. a creat university In the widest sense
of tho term, equal to any III the United Stales,
Tiie university has already accompnsneu
wonderful work. It has an able stud unthuwistli:
fiieiiitv and Its business matters havo been
iiiantiimd with signal ability. It Is the pride of
everv Kansan who appreciates its great worth
and it Is bad policy and worse economy t with
hold from it uny needed aid.
State Hoard of Agriculture,
Thrn is one interest in Kansas overshadow
ing all others, and that Is tho Interest of the
farmer. Whatever promotes that interest de
velops tho stuto. Ho Is n public benefactor
who can. by arousing a now zeal, or by develop
ing a better mode of farming, tncrcaso the pro
ductions of the soil; and one of the Instru
mentalities that have done much to, elevate
farming in Kansas Is the state board of sgrl
eultute. The great service rendered to the
tat bv Its board of agriculture has long
hn raroimlzed not only in Kansas and Amer
ica, but in foroJgn lands, In all of which Its
useful publications are sought and studied as
th. highest authority on matters pertaining to
,.n.lltlnn. nrosDerltv and progress. In
ti-t the hliih standard of It work and effl,
clency has become so well understood that
i,i .utM. dissatisfied with abortive at-
LAmnt to do a like work with political ma
chinery, are now asking to be shown the
mthi hv which Knnsos has been able to ac
complish such far-reaching results along these
lines at such a minimum oi cosi,
success of this department Is undoubtedly duo
to lis having been held eioor rrom party pun-
imaintained as a strictly Boa-partlsot
a servant ot all the people alike; and the
highest wisdom suggests Its being kept on this
htaln.
Fordoing the helpful work, which present
conditions are making demand for In greatly
w.ii volume, nroner and generous pro
visions should be made in the line of clerical.
nrintinff anrl rjostano funds.
A slight change is recommended it
the bankinir law anu coraraouious
rooms in the capitol are asked for the
State Historical society. ihe gov
ernor also thinks that the three organ
izd medical societies in the stato,
should be equally represented on tb.e
board of health. Additional room for
old soldiers in tho home is sked and
measures taken to j.i'ovido for tho
fatherless.
The governor thinks the raising of fish
should receive attention. He then
touches on the coal oil inspector, state
institutions, public highways, townr
ship officers, state oonas, western oor
ties, lotteries, gambling, bribefM)
election laws, commlaslo
tions, and conelndes 6Ya
Unbounded confidence Q
rH 2s k
fa GC .. s i
EMIT
& CO...
Groceries,
Coal and! Feed
493 and' 405 No. N't . Main.
Down town yards at .12 g herman last,
Smith & Miller's ola stand.'
All Kinds of Coal
Farmers'Trade Solicited.
Our weights guaranteed.
FARMERS
We will
pay you the
highest prices
for your produce
and sell you
Groceries
at prices that
will compete with
any house in
the city,
quality considered
Call and give us
a trial.
itScDermed Bros.
21JJ South Main.
'fmrttir otott.w tn.
to itwh f imam cni Jfjsrrw c) 9tnni.fw oiuzuihiHr,
110 ii auip-iu .(i .i.itioui .1iiA9 jo i nil ni uo
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