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"THOUCHTS THAT BREATHE AND WORDS THAT BURN." Clipping. Culling and Comment from the Newspaper Everywhere The People Are Beginning to Bee that the GoTernmcnt Hut Own Ballroad It Ifl wonderful how rapidly the peo ple are being; educated along the lines of railroad ownership. Mr. Cable, ex congressman and member of the demo cratic committee from Illinois, recently came out and declared that It was the proper thing. The Times-Herald, the leading demo cratic paper In the west, commenting on this thought that he was "many years ahead of his party," and adds "In time government ownership ot these and other natural monopolies will doubtless come. The whole, trend of modern social progress Is In that direction." One of the principal features of the currency auestlon which the new silver proposes to leave out, and an Important one, Is how the increase of currency which they propose, Is to get Into the hands of the people. The Omaha plat form provides that, It shall be loaned to them at a tax not to exceed 2 per cent, and to be paid on In the way of public lnprovements. It seems that this part of the plan was to be dropped by the single plankers. Many are dis posed to think this a new Idea and Impractical, but this opinion has its foundation in ignorance. In 1836 the government had a surplus of $37,000, 000 In the treasury. This was distribut ed among the states and loaned to the people at interest at the rate of 7 per cent per annum. Not a dollar of it was lost. Looking over a county pa per the other day, we saw this Item: "Court approved loan $1365 County School fund to Thos. Dodson." This was In Missouri. This state, as do a number of others, loans all of Its mon ey to the people and rarely ever loses dollar. The Massachusetts colony loaned money to its citizens and they reDald every dollar of it. The Domln- Ion of Canada helped the Mennonltes in settling as a colony with a govern ment loan. Every dollar of it was paid back. The government is constantly lnnntnsr monev to national bankers. It not infrequently loans to expositions of various kind's. A loan on real es tate is safe. It would require no more officers than we now have. Each state and county could become responsible for the money thus loaned and the .government not lose a dollar. It would help all the people by reducing the rate of Interest and making money plentler. It would hurt no Interest but that of the money .loaner. There can be no serious objection to this plan, and It Is one that should be retained in the tpeoples party platform. If Mr: Cleveland had taken a contract to create discord In his party he could do it no better than he is. A recent dispatch from Washington reviews his conduct in the following language: The president is doing his part toward the division of nis party. He continues his policy of putting none out cuckoos on guard. There is no such word as conciliation in his lexicon that is to say, conciliation toward ele ments in his party which differ from him. The president can be concilia tory enough toward republicans, but he has no use for democrats who dls agree with him. Mr. Cleveland's sec ond term is unlike bis first in many respects. In no other feature is the difference so marked aB In the matter of patronage. To repeal the Sherman act the president dispensed appoint ments where they would help on his policy and withheld them where sena tors were too stubborn to accept his views. More recently this theory has been carried out In the provision for beaten senators and representatives to a degree unknown in previous adminis trations. Breckinridge, repudiated by his Arkansas constituency for his course on the silver legislation, was made minister to St. Petersburg. He got the best office the president had on his list at the time. Springer, as head of the committee on banking and currency, was most loyal to the admin istration policy, for which and for no other reason he was made a judge in the Indian Territory, when one of Springer's associates in the house was asked about his qualification for the place he said: "He won't have anything to do but set dates for hang ings and determine the num ber of years for penitentiary sentences. I reckon he will be able to fill the bill." From the first to the last ot the late session of congress Buck Kllgore kept the committee of coinage, weights and measures Without a quo rum. His reward at the hands of the president was the other judgship. Once a week Mr. Bland would call a meeting ot his committee. There were eighteen members, but one was the delegate from Utah, who had no vote. Eight members were for free coinage and eight were against free coinage under existing circumstances. The seven teenth member was Kllgore. "I don't know about Kllgore," Mr, Bland would say. "He tells me he Is tor sliver, but he isn't there when we need his vote." Sometimes Kllgore was sick. At oth er times he had business at the white house and didn't get back to the capltol in time to help report the bills which Mr. Bland was nursing so care fully. And so the entire winter went by with the coinage committee dead locked by Kllgore. Kllgore has received his reward. He has his coveted judgship. Others who rendered similar service to the admin titration have been taken care of. Ran dom stood out against the tree coinage sentiment of the North Carolina democ racy to. his undoing, and was qualified as minister to Mexico the day congress adjourned. Outhwalte, who was the northern member of the committee on rules and brought in the orders under which the administration financial measures were given prompt consider ation, has had a $5,000 a year place found for him. Gen. Cutchoon of Michigan, has resigned the position he held on the fortifications board re signed by request and Outhwalte has been appointed. This is one ot the smooth things of which the general public seldom hears. It Is worth, as stated, $5,000, and the labors are light Wilson of West Virginia is in the cabi net, In return for his loyalty to the presMent. There are others who sac rificed themselves, reversing their rec ords and repudiating the instructions of their constituents who will be taken care of. Has any one heard of a demo crat who dared to oppose Qrover Cleve land In his financial policy being ap pointed to high position? "Oh, that mine enemy had written a book." might be modernized so as to apply to the making ot speeches. A careful Investigation of speeches made by some of the prominent leaders in both political parties Is developing some very good, populist, literature. There is no better way ti defeat the enemy than to turn his 6wh guns upon him. Here Is a specimen of such talk as John O. Carlisle was Indulging in several years ago. It is an extract from a speech made In the forty-fifth con gress, and, in view of Mr. Carlisle's present position, makes some "mighty Interestln' readln':" "I know that the world's supply of precious metals is none to large, and I see no reason to apprehend that it will ever become so. Mankind will be fortunate, indeed, if the annual pro duction of gold and silver coin shall keep pace with the annual Increase of population, commerce and Industry. According to my view ot the subject, the conspiracy which . seems to have been formed here and in Europe to de stroy by legislation and otherwise, from three-sevenths to one-halt of the money in the world, Is the most gigan tic crime of this or any other age. The consummation of such a scheme would ultimately entail more misery upon the human race than all the wars, famine, and pestilence that ever occurred in the history of the wona. The absolute and instantaneous de struction of half the entire movable property of the world, Including houses, ships, railroads and all other appliances for carrying on commerce, while It would be felt more sensibly at the moment, would not produce any thing like the prolonged distress and disorganization of society that must Inevitably result from the perma nent annihilation of one-half ot the metallic money of the world." ' The leaders of the two old parties begin to see the handwriting on the wall. Col. Van Horn, of Missouri, ex- congressman and a prominent leader in the republican party, says: "I am coming to the opinion that a crlBis is approaching in the political affairs of this country that will be a revolution, bloodless, but thorough and radical. It may involve party Hne3, and the formation of the people along entirely different politics and Ideas. "Three or four banking houses can not much longer own the industries of the world, nor levy tribute on mankind That Is the situation today, ' and its burdens are becoming more and more acute. People inveigh against banks, but banks as a rule are victims of this monstrous power as any other interest, The business of legitimate banking is as much depressed today from this canse as that of merchandise and farm ing. It has got so now, to use a com- mon phrase, that banks are unable to help business only when help is not needed, and whenever help 1b required they have all they can do to protect themselves. Why? Because these syndi cates ot gold owners have all credit in their power and can ruin and do ruin any interest that is not subservient to their system. And it is these foreign brokers who are looting our treasury of gold on purpose to force upon the United States their acceptance of their rule in money. This power can only be broken by the people at the ballot box. As long as they can keep the finance In the mill of partisan policy so long will this power of the people be thwarted. The political platform ot 1892 read all alike on silver yet silver was destroyed. The same action in 1896 will produce the same result" Senator Beck of Kentucky In his life time was one of the few incorruptible statesmen that not only saw but pro tested against the tendency towards I plutocratic government rounded on wealth concentrated into the hands ot a few by tne aia oi class legislation. He said : "I know that the bond holders and monopolists are seeking to destroy all the Industries ot this people in their greed to enhance the value of their gold. How far they have succeeded In their secret and devilish purposes let the poverty, wretchedness and ruin which have resulted answer. We are curious to know what, facta and proc ess of reasoning the sound money clubs will furnish to prove that the act of 1873 was not a fraud, a sneaking, cowardly vllllanous crime." During Cleveland's first administra tion Senator Beck denounced the policy of the administration In a speech in the United States senate, that is hardly equalled by that of Joseph Sibley In the fifty-third congress. General Weaver is out west with the managers of the bimetallic party, try ing to put that party on Its feet We fear that the general's occupation as midwife at the birth of new parties has AMERICAN King Qrwep-How imlich goW will you atVance on this chattel? ' , -1 somewhat clouded his judgment as a practical politician. We are Inclined to think that relief must rather come through tenacity to principle and un compromising effort In a certain direc tion, than in the organization of a new party every two or three years. The growth of the party in Iowa has not been of that nature that would in dicate that General Weaver's policy was the best one to pursue. What we need 'is organization ; and downrighjt hard work on the lines laid down in the Omaha platform. If the general is going to go oft with the bimetallic party we ought to know it now. Bet ter dome back, iteneral to your first lOVe. t; . Senator Vest evidently thinks there are still enough righteous men in the democratic party to save it from de struction. In a recent letter to the New York World he says: "We of the west and south believe in a tariff for revenue only, and the free coinage of silver. We propose to frame a platform unequivocally declar ing our opinions, and to nominate for the presidency a candidate about whose loyalty to this platform there can be no suspicion. - k,--" "The letter of the president to his ad mlrers in Chicago simply reiterates his well-known views on the silver ques- tlon, and widens the breach between him and a majority of his party. The president Insults that majority by his lecture on sound money. His idea seems to be that gold alone is sound money, and that the value of every thing is measured In gold. He pro poses to destroy one-half of the primary money of the world and to sustain this outrage by the cry of unsound money. "I agree with Mr. Cleveland in his position on the appointment of com missioners to an international monetary congress. There was never any thing practical in the proposition, and never will be. We must act for ourselves and give the world to understand that we are true bimetallism, honestly in favor of both gold and sliver as pri mary money. This is the great issue in the coming campaign, and we intend to fight It out in the national convention and in every state In the union. The struggle will be in the northwest in stead of in the northeast, as heretofore, and we must align our forces with that certainty before us. The talk about nominating a south ern democrat for president in 1896 Is absurd. We must win or lose on free coinage, a revenue tariff and the In come tax, and it would be suicidal to invite war prejudices and sectional feeling unnecessarily." The Crime of the Age. Until the exception clause was in serted in the greenback law greenbacks were as good as gold everywhere in the world. Sherman said the reason the greenbacks were depreciated was to enable the government to sell bonds. While the greenbacks were a full legal tender they were such sound and good money that they remained on a par with gold, and still were so good that nobody wanted government bonds. Had they been continued a full legal tender there would have been no debt and no appreciation of gold, no pover ty, no labor troubles, no tramps, no assignments, no panic and nothing but unlversay peace and plenty, and every body happy and contented and the government out of debt That is the condition greenbacks would have cre ated and maintained in this country. They were depreciated in order to en able the government to sell bonds so Wall street could gamble In money. What a crime this depreciation of the roan hacks was. Southern Mercury, RFPRFSFJsiTATIVES OF THE NOTES AND COMMENTS. Carnegie and Frlck have ' advanced the wages of employes, but at the same time advanced rents. When Rockefel ler endows a college or builds a church the price of coal oil Is advanced, but he Is counted a philanthropist The command of the plutocracy to poor people as pictured In cartoons In recent years, to "Get off the earth!" Is being complied with. A company ot New York capitalists has been formed to erect extensive JJPfUBjL $2 houses to He moored on East river iti rented to families. The same scheme Is in operation on the Thames, near Condon. Many families live on boats In the vicinity of St. Louis. It is true that the psalmist says, "The earth is the Lord's and the- fullness thereof," but David was not acquainted with the modern landlord. Forty cents a day is the average wages of more than 30,000 women in the city of New York, and this accounts for the fact that there are 70,000 prosti tutes in that city. Is it possible that these conditions -can exist under the eyes ot millions of Christian people and they will still go on voting to per petuate them ? - V ' : " r" - ' By a vote of 70 to 8 the New York legislature passed a bill submitting to the voters of New York city, Brooklyn: and Buffalo the question of municipal ownerships of street railways. In Eng land one-third of the street railway mileage is owned by cities, and It Is said the service is so much better and cheaper that it is merely a question of a short time when corporate or pri vate ownership will be driven out The. banks continue to "bust" all around the country from a half dozen to a dozen a week, and down goes the money of the depositors in the mael strom of bankruptcy and ruin. Why not have government savings banks? Can you tell, readers? Not a man, woman or child would ever lose a cent put into a government bank. Then why not have them? Got to be awful particular nowadays to keep the courts from getting after you. A Los Angeles, Cal., preacher prayed that the Lord might vouchsafe saving grace to the city librarian, cleanse her from sin and make her a woman worthy of her office, which made her mad and she sued him for slander. The preacher pleaded that a prayer was a privileged communica tion to the Almighty, but the judge ruled against him. It Is a startling fact that less than one-seventh of the population of this country according to census reports, rest secure in the knowledge that their homes belong to them. This In free America! Is it possible that the Amer ican people will slumber on nntll all of liberty Is lost or until the sudden awakening of the unthinking masses shall precipitate a revolution. There Is one thing that can be said to President Cleveland's credit that cannot be said of his party. We always know Just where to find him. There j is nothing wishy-washy about his de clarations. It was the wildest stretch of the imagination when anybody ever" dreamed that he was the least bit friendly to sliver. He was made popu lar by Wall street at so much a line In the newspapers, but that was not his fault Grover Cleveland la Just what he ROTHSCHILDS is, and his actions on the silver ques tion are in entire accord with his let ters and messages during his first ad ministration. If be has blocked silver legislation, It Is the fault ot the party that nominated him twice after he de clared his position on that question, and not his. t t i'' ' The total capital stock of both the national and private banks In the Unit ed States Is $1,067,597,237, and the total loans $4,140,761,159, according to the report ot the comptroller ot the cur rency. In oje .word! the bajks have loSnea out more than four times the amount of thlr capital. Jhij s money deposited in the banks by the people who have but little or no security tor It The profits of the banks consist in Interest on loans and discounts, Then three-fourths of their profits consist in interest on money which they owe. That is the banker lives and thrives on the Interest of what he owes A great banking system, this! If the people would adopt the policy of the bankers and demand gold for all their transactions it would bankrupt the country within thirty days. Or, if they would even refuse to take bank notes it would give the banks and, business men & dose of their own medi cine that would soon make them sick of the gold fallacy. In fact It the peo pie would act as selfishly as the bank en do in these matters the government Would be forced Into a sensible flnan elal policy over which the banks would have no control. The Standard Oil company advanced the price of oil 17 cents on the barrel In two days recently, and $2 a barrel Is predicted soon. In freezing out small producers as a means of getting rid of competition, and skinning the people, the Standard Oil company is becoming the greatest robber concern in this country. In advancing oil Rockefeller Is probably getting ready to endow an other college or build a church. Do not be surprised that you meet with opposition in this reform move ment and that men are slow to accept the truth. No reform has ever been effected without opposition in fact no innovation In science, in the field of invention, religious or political reforms have ever been readily accepted by the world. Every reformer, every inven tor or great discoverer has encountered skepticism, opposition and many of them persecutions. Six thousand men in Brooklyn were Interested in the strike in that city sev eral months ago. The Incidents attend ing that strike and its result ought to add 6,000 voters to the reform ranks in opposition to the two old parties, the policies of which make strikes of that kind necessary. But how many of these 6,000 laboring men will use the ballot as a means of correcting the wrongs heaped upon them? Politics makes strange bedfellows." Emperor William gave Prince Bismarck to understand be was a back number, when the young war lord succeeded to power In Germany. When he found socialism sapping power from under him, he was compelled to eat humble pie as lately demonstrated In the Bis marck birthday feats, and now, to counteract the aggressive policy of the socialists the Bismarck policy has been resumed and the ex-chancellor Is prac tically premier again. The People's party of Germany Is making trouble for the young emperor. ruled by mALTEY, ALTCELD'S ARRANGEMENT OP SUPREME COURT JUDGES. Divinity of Riches Recognized mum a Con Breathed Against XnterscU J Uu Income-Tax Decision Memento un riled by the Attornejr-QaauwaL A Springfield, 111., special says; Got.' Altgeld gave out an interview today denouncing the United States Supreme) court for the income tax decision. Ha saya: The court has held the law to be void in so far as it affects the large mil estate owners, such as the Astora, of Now York, and has also held it to be! void in so far as it affects the rich bondholders of the east But the re- . mainder Is sustained, the court holding! that the business and producing classes) must pay the Income- tax. It is all a question of constitutional construction, and as this depends on opinion or prep udlce, one is reminded of the distin guished Englishman who, in speaking of the court of chancery, said that tha proceedings were all a matter of conj science, and as the consciences ot the! different chancellors varied as much as the size of their feet bo did their decisions on any question. Now, thej constltulon ot the United States ha been construed In more different way than all the judges together had feet, but always In harmony with what was the controlling Influence or power ot the times. Before the war the slave powr-r and the south dominated the1 court Since the war concentrated! wealth and the east has dominated the! court, and the time will come when Juj ttco end the great Mississippi valley will dominate the court. I "This particular decision recognizes the divinity ot wealth by exempting ll from taxation, and it breathes a aursa against enterprise by making it bear all the burdens of government But It. Is In harmony with that passage oi) scripture which says that "for he thatl hath, to him shall be given; and be that hath not, from his shall be taken event that which he hath." And it Is in per-1 feet accord with the Republican and Mugwump theory of government nowj being applied in this country, and, aa this decision is in favor of New England and a few eastern cities, and against the rest of America, It is also in har mony with what will soon be recog nized as the sixteenth amendment to the constitution, which declares that a; gilded vestibule is no more Important than Ihe remainder ot the house, that the Interests of thj east are paramount to the Interests, of the rest of the coun try. It jjIro shows that at least two of Ihe eq-nrdfnate brancnes 0! our gov ernment receive their InBplratlonjtttha. same altar. 5 i jli-.:.JL JITX "You retperabor that the president opposed tne Income tax and would not sign the tariff bill, and Mr. Wilson, who represented him in congress, op- posed the income tax. Congress, how ever, knowing that almost, every clvlli lzod country hM an gc?me tax, and believing it to be the most Just form of taxation, and having no doubt abpu.t m constitutionality, passed the measure both Republicans amj pemocratj iSj porting It For a-tlnie there was bittefi ness in the camp of Mammon, but the) Supreme court has come to the rescue, and now the Standard Oil kings, tM Wall street people, as well as the rlczf mugwumps, are again happy. To bf sure, the great business and producing classes are not relieved; their burden, b made a little heavier, and the whin; has made a new welt on their backs, but What of It? In fact, what are thejl there for. if not to bear the burden and to be lashed? "BuUhislBlpn 8 radically defect ive In a 'humbtif of particulars. (1) II should contain a panegyrlfl 0(1 1!) my Jesty of the law and the exalted char. acteT of eternal Justice. (2) It shouj have contained a stinging rebuke M the growing discontent of the times, (3) It should contain a declaration ll favor of gold, for if the interest oq bonds Is divine and so sacred that noj a cent of It can be used to help beat the burdens of government the a thi court should see to It that this sacred, household god ot the east shall nevei suffer profanation by having the rlnl ot Its eyes made silvery. But it would, be unreasonable to expect the court t think of everything. Besides, it wll have other opportunities from time tq time to solidify our institutions and U teach patriotism by coming down with terrific force on some wretch whos9 vult gorlty and unpatriotic character will It proven by the fact that he is poor. The decision, however, suggosts 1 more Important question to the Amerl can people. You know that the judgei of the Supreme court when in session wear large black gowns, such as wort worn in tne middle ages, in othel countries and in other times this wa done to make little men seem great In this country it is done to impress ths; populace with the Infallibility of thj court Now, as these gowns are no I very thick, and as some people might be able to see through them, and M some of our business people may be un patriotic enough to question the Jikm tlce of having to pay a large inrom tax while the rich pay nothing, and a there is danger that some of thosa men may doubt the Infallibility of the cour would it not be well to have each Judgl wear two gowns for awhile, until thf storm blows over?" Silver is the disturbing element In; the two old parties the rock upon; which they will split In 1896, as there is an element in both parties that will not allow the single standard idea to hi crammed down them. The white met al has many friends in both parties who will not submit to the dictation oi the gold bugs, hence splits In both par ties are certain.