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LABOR IN THE SOUTH.
American Steam Laundry. A CORRESPONDENT TELLS OP THE PRINCELY WAGES. flUTTOn & OSWALD, Proprietors. Fnrtn Laborers Getting Bis Dollars a Mouth Facts Begardlng Beporta of "a Revival of Prosperity" SUrrntlon Una to Compete with Chenp Living. Telephone 107, West Sherman Street. r HUTCHISON, T. J. Wolfersberger, AUCTIONEER (Successor to I. Wolfersberger) Make a speai<y of country sale Speaks bjth German and English Prices to suit the times. Peildenoo, No, 750 Avenue E. Cull at Gazette flee or Vincents store. . The Oldest Wholesale Whisky Home in Kansas City. Standard Liquor Company, OLIVER & BRYAN, Established by R. S. Patterson 1881 614 Broadway. Kansas City, - Ma Kentucky Bourdon. $1.68, (3.00, III), II. UO. fi,i0 per Kftllon. PenD. orMd, Byo, $2.00, MOO, 11,00, & per gallon. Brandies, Wines, Gin. Kumnol, &!co!,Rni Terms: Cash with order. No extra charge, r. O. U., KannMClty, Mo. Send for Catalog ne sod frloe UeL SOLID THROUGJi TRJIlJaS raon KiHSiS OH ana" ST. JOSEF! TO ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, GVM PEORIA, ST. PAUL AS3 MINNEAPOLIS, Witt Dining Cr, Vesllbaled Drawing Beta deeping Can, Becllnlng Chair Cars (Sett tn4 ONLY ONE CHANGE OT OAM TO Tlie -A.tlan.tio Ooaot THE BUT UNI fit New York,' Boston, ALTIMOni, WASHINGTON, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Niaoara Falls, Pittmum, AND KASTBBV POUiTi. e'er fan Infermatloa, Address BIO.ORK, - -' A all A V ie Ha Be for the Times. Prvreaaand Poverty. An motrh-y tit the eaust ef induatrlal depreaeions and la eraeao ef want wrih lacreaM of wealth 1 The Rank, ay. One ef the moat mrpertent contributions yat male to economic literature. It i full of vital thouf ht. is written with earneatneu and power, and le e work kard te lav down when ewe Uta.Ptpulr 4a. ante Mmkif. Pragma and Poverty" b net merely the moat erfgutaL the mot Uniting and Important eontribu Jen which political economy tin yt received tree America, tut it u not too inucn to lay tnai in ueoe reiBtcte It ho had 10 equal elnre the publication cat " The Wealth ef NaHoni," by Adam Smith, act. tary.fe.or, atleaat, ainre Mallhua formulated hi. Qieory ef population and Ricardo hit theory of rank A eeers efffreeiive, not to y audacioue, took waa never erruten. raw rare turn. Spolal Problema. 'roblema. The H. Y.Sim eryei 1 who read only tor dlverilon we auv -Tetiu My im mere u not a ry ra, in uue neon, par M Bare paragraph but will compel attendee)." Pfejteotlon or Free TradT An anareuutloi of the urlff stieitlon with eepeaU Ra mu4 to the Intaiaau ef Laboa. Mr. Oeorie kee written ee an economist ojelsre. fbrwari yea, mere than that, ae e patriot and a Coetatlan. We Manny eommend hit took to al wnewtah to Me en biteUlgent dlKuatlenof e live sad popular fMetl MUej-UvO Cturii Pnu, New York. A Parplfxed Philosopher, lemg eaenamloatUn nf Mr. llrrbett openrer'a vsrkwi Meranoat 0 trie Land duration, with aonatbeV cental reference In hie tynthetlc philosophy. geeer mailt d ee, re-eta' fa peter fr Co eon ee, etea, $i.o. Htlf ulf or A ft moncm, Jt.oeeeci. "7rorti miTrnnttf" mni"Sm iUl VrellW an aJepuurd ia tmuOmj ttU mt Thej Condition of Labor. A rooty to the eneydleel 0 Pope Lao XIII. CeeriaWea the out of iheoncycllcaL Not enty the moat ludd, compact and aatbfacterv enpoMlileo of the single tan dectrlne that h paired, but the keaneat ctitlaueen tlio oaveral theoa rle. W euntoniporenoeut wlliiei, Ceipel kU OM jf etnfr, Peter, I emfi. Tb Land Quentlon. What It loretvei eneTrlew Alenelt Can no Sallied. One rteee from a reedln( of thia work with a oaa. vVtlen of the Juetlee of the theory advocated, lad admiration foe the clearaaM wltk wkieh k al te4.-V. r. Timu. N b em)of lofls keeatlfUl In competition ani feefewiarin thoufht. Victor Nuo never pmaif enythlaf (ruder. Siernuxtt Set. t'pfr, 10 mil. Property In Land. A Piiupiimak. En IheaiOuke ol Argyll and Hmry Ceorek r, eo cMtx Content, 1 L "The Prophet ef Trvt" By the Duke of AreylL Preae the Nmnt Clmy for April, 1M4. IL "The Reduction to Iniquity." By Henry Georie, Preen die Hianmth Cnturf far July, 1M4. An of ebove twoke ar ky Henry George, wtoee work, hare hid e Ur(er clrrulatwn than airy other hook ever printed In b'nillah, latent the Bible, en well ee ednj tranalated Into oimott ell eth lea. fuape. Hit theuriee now hive mllllone of eameee, ecave advocatei, and you ahould know whet they era In order to luu.t.fLlly amwer or urge them. The fact that New eeUnd, which baa partially edoMad the elnfle ?. b preiperout, end no nun wUjjog te work are Idle there, while eUewhtro eel over the world buaUMae la paralyecd and man irajon. to work ere u fTering from enforced Idleneee, hee eV treeted enlveriel attention te three booke, and we have errenged to mail them poet paid on receipt ef doe. endeeeh with order and addreet thai paper. The Story of- My Dlotatorahlt wnejenbeewlelpoeteeld on receipt of )o centa. The rTaOMi nr Laeer Itmrmtl cave of Hi " me onn economic ret one wni-ii I'ereer wei en Netlooaliam." 0a,t Newly Furnished. Bates Mod rate. Adams House, Unropean Hotai. J. A. ROUSE, Proprietor 1631 Union Avenue, opposite India, m trance Union depot, Kansas City. Cut rat ticket office la conneo en. KANSAS. ARE BIRDS GUIDED BY STARS? Aa Attempt to Solva the Orent Mystery of Bird Migration. In an article on "Birds of Passage" the Chautauquan says if one desires an explanation, for the great mystery of bird migration, there being nothing else that will answer, he will have to accept the theory of hereditary knowl edge, a knowledge of the unfailing stars. The Great Bear and Orion ap peared at the same time in our region. even when the divisions of land and water were very different than they are today. That the stars are the guides of birds agrees with the fact that they fly at reniar':able heights, often above the clouds, and that wanderers lose their way when they stray into clouds and mists.- On starlight nights strag gling birds are seldom noticed. When the sky Is overcast, when the night is dark, but especially when a fine rain is falling, multitudes of traveling birds are heard. They will call often, doubt less for the purpose of keeping near each other; and oft-n great numbers of them bound against the windows of lighthouses. Thus Gatke has observed that on Oct. 28, 1882. from 10 o'clock at night till the next morning golden crested wrens bumped like snowflakes against the lighthouse of Heligoland, and that on the following day golden crested wrens sat on every square foot Of Heligoland. Toward the end of the summer, along into the fall, It was not a rare occurrence on dark nights to see, through the light of street lamps, birds flying over inland cities. The ex perienced observer recognizes by its call the curlew and the strand-snipe, sea swallow and seagull, occasionally hears even the flap of their wings. But no bird Is visible In the darkness. On dark nights no atari appear; then it is that the straying bird loses his way. The stars are the most plausible guides to birds in their migrations. But only the future can tell us whether they really serve In that capacity. SUBSCRIBE FOh KEYS TRAIN THE "KNICKERBOCKER SPECIAL" DAILY BETWEEN St. Louis, Cincinnati, New fork and Boston. "Through the Beautiful Mohawk Valle) and down the Hudson." Lv 8t. Louis, Ar Indianapolis Ar Cincinnati Ar Cleveland ArBuilalo ArlNew York Ar Boston 12 00 Noon 6 50 p m 10 45 p m -2 20 a in 6 60 a m 6 30 p m 9 03 p B fiaperb Equipment. Wagner Bleopin. oars and Dining uari. INAUGURATED SEPTEMBER 30 VIA BIS FOUR. ROUTE. Lake Shore and New York Central Ksilroaiis, B. O. McCORMICK, Pass. Traffic Mgr. D. B. MARTIN, Gen. Pass. 4 Ticket AgL CUICJRNATI. $5.00 TO CALIFORNIA! Ia ear Bleeping Car Rate on the fhllllppn Bock Island TourUt Excursions, from Kansas City and kindred distant eltiee on the route of this car, to Ban Francisco tm& Los Angeles. The ears have npbolsUred spring teats, are Poilmaa build, and ap pointment! psriect, Tea have a special manager on the eni all the way, and excursions ran once week, having Kansas City every Friday. Bave aaoa.y by taking this popular mode f travel. AAdrwi for full particulars. A. H. MOFFET, J. S.-W. F. A Kansas City, Ma i SUUUM, 8. P. L, tt!cK m AM . ... I H. .1! LI. , L.I-.J IT WILL NOT WORK. BANKERS' PLAUSIBLE AN D SE DUCTIVE ARGUMENT WEAK. Bow the Government Should Be Believed of the Borden of Borrowing Gold to Support a Financial By atom That Benefit, the Bnnkers Only. The organization of national bankers Is already at work upon Its financial scheme, which It hopes to inflict upon an over-burdened, suffering people by undue Influence with the incoming con gress. Their plausible and deductive argu ment runs in this way: The govern ment is called upon to maintain a re serve of 1100,000,000 in gold, because the government has issued legal ten ders to the extent of $346,000,000, which are redeemable In gold, and when re deemed are again put out. The prac tical working of such a system forces the government to Issue bonds to main tain the gold reserve; therefore, the $346,000,000 legal tenders, or greebacks, should be retired by Issuing bonds for them. The government would then no longer be required to keep gold on hand for redemption purposes; the confidence in business circles would be restored and the cause of business depression would be removed, says the Brockton, Mass., Diamond. This is the argument from the side of the banks. Incidentally, the banks are to be authorized to Issue their notes, based on these new bonds, and these bank notes are to take the place of the greenbacks, but the bankers do not say so much about this. ; That the government should be re lieved of the burden of borrowing gold to support a financial system that bene fits only the bankers is a very merito rious proposition; but the method by jwhich it is to De accompusned, as sug gested by this bankers' association, Is Vicious In every sense of the word and will be opposed by populist congress men and others, who will endeavor to protect the Interests of the people. The congressmen who oppose this scheme of the banks will be denounced as obstructionists; and upon them the bankers and their cuckoos will en deavor to place the responsibility of retaining the present system and forc ing another bond issue. To expose the insincerity of this banking clique, and to place the ques tion in such form that the people can understand the principles involved, calls for constructive statesmanship on the part of our congressmen who repre sent the people. They should agree with the bankers that It is worse than useless for the government to be forced to keep $100,000,000 In gold of the peo ple's money locked up and drawing in terest out of the earnings of the wealth producers, and ahould point out a very simple, feasible, practical plan that would place the responsibility for such a condition Just where it belongs. That one simple, feasible, practical plan Is an amendment to the National Banking act, providing that the reserve dollars held by the national banks as the basis of their "wind" dollars, shall be constituted of these legal tender greenbacks. The last statement of the comptroller of the currency shows that the national banks have Issued about two thousand million dollars of bankers' wind called credit and the reserve fund upon which this volume Is based is about THE WAY IT WORKS. four hundred million dollars of money. Sixteen hundred millions of their wind la utilized by the wealth producers as an exchange medium, because there isn't money enough issued by the gov ernment for that purpose. As an offset to the bankers' proposi tion that the government legal tenders should be retired, our populist con gressmen should suggest that this re serve of the national banks should be made up of greenbacks. That will not only retire the greenbacks, but it will make them more valuable to the banks than gold, and will send the gold now held by the banks into circulation, be cause for each dollar in greenbacks held by a bank it could loan three dol larsin some banks four dollars of bankers' wind; and the loan of Its wind would be restricted to the amount of greenbacks in Issue, or the amount it could corral. No greenbacks could be spared to seek redemption in gold, be cause It would be the symbol of four wind' dollars, each doing duty in the business of exchanging labor's products ana each confidence wind dollar absorb ing interest out of the wealth produc tion. We need not enumerate the many fa vors enjoyed by the banks all of them Bpeclal privileges created by law. The scheme they now propose Is merely an other law In their Interest. What we propose is a law in the Interest of the people's rights. We hope that congressmen who are true to the people will not be content with mere opposition to what the bank ers propose. Meet them with a counter proposition that will give additional value to the greenback by giving it a special privilege under the law and de priving gold of that privilege. The re sult would be an Instructive object les son to those that cannot now under stand that money Is created by law, and the bankers would soon be asking for more greenbacks. Progressive Farmer. A Wnrnlng to the United Btatee. Recently the United States consul at Cairo made a report to the State Department showing the deplorable condition of the Egyptian government From that report, the Topeka Capital selects the following facts: Egypt's bonded debt reaches the enor mous total of 509 million dollars. The population being only seven millions, this Is a debt of about $72 per capita, or the equivalent of a national debt In the United States of five billion dollars. At present the productive area of Egypt Is only five and one-quarter million acres. From the product of this land must be gathered a revenue of eighteen million dollars a year to pay the Inter est on the public debt, which amounts to an average tax of $4.56 per acre. The consul's report does not dilate upon the most important fact connect ed with this sad story, which Is: Egypt depended on foreign capital to carry on her government and her pub lic enterprises. English capitalists were always on hand ready and willing to advance gold and take bonds bearing high interest The Egyptian statesmen were either too Ignorant or too dishonest to Issue their own money before it was too late. They were sound money statesmen. Now their people are reduced to such a state of degradation that the fiat of their gov ernment would be of little value. The Egyptians are slaves. The United States should take warnln." Topeka Advocate. BONDS AT BOTH ENDS. II ow Graver Bat Fattened the rocket Book of the Bondholder. During Grover Cleveland's first term as executive, there was a surplus of money in the treasury. How the gov ernment officers happened to let this money slip through their fingers is something that has never been fully ex plained, yet there was actually a sur plus so big that It was a burden. The question came before congress, and measures were urged to dispose of this money. Some suggested one scheme and some another, but our Roger Q. Mills finally presented a bill providing for the expenditure of this surplus in buying bonds of the govern ment not yet due. In order to induce the holders of these bonds to surrender them, a premium was paid on the bonds, and in fifteen months seventy-two mil lion dollars found lodgment in the pockets of the bondholders, in addition to the principal and interest due on the face of the bonds. Thus, the bond holders succeeded In getting In a bold robbery by the help of Senator Mills, to the tune of $72,000,000. This was the' Initiatory term of Cleveland. ' When Mr. Cleveland came In on his second term a deficiency in the treasury occurred very soon, and how to 'dispose of the deficiency was a matter of much moment Of course, it must be dis posed of in some way to the financial benefit of the bondholders and money thieves. So instead of buying bonds,' Grover went to selling bonds, and did the same as he did in buying bonds, that is, paid the bondholders a premi um. The bondholders must have a steal out of the bond deal no matter whether the bonds are "a com in' or a gwine." The money gang succeeded in fleecing the government out of from fifteen to thirty millions on the bond sale designed to procure money for the deficiency In the treasury. Thus Grover has fattened the pocket books of the bondholders at both ends of his executive service. When there was too much money, the bond holders were paid to take It out of the treasury, and when there was a shortage of money the bondholders were paid to put money into the treasury. It Is down hill both ways for the bondhold ers and up hill both ways for the peo ple. There Is not the least doubt but that some one received a bonus for this scheme of feeding the bondholders fore and aft As Grover has developed from a poor man to a millionaire in a few years on a moderate salary, It Is reasonable to conclude that some of the fat went his way. Senator Mills Is, of course, an honest man, but honest men rarely father a bill la congress designed to rob the people for the benefit of the bankers and bondholders. If Senator Mills did not receive a share of this cor ruption fund, it is not because he was not in position to do so. Southern Mercury. Hero Worship. We give too much importance to the high officials of the United States. They are just common people like the officers of your county. Their minds are about of the same calibre, and their morals might suffer in comparison. The United States government is a big town or county government Look on its officers as you do your town or county officers. Rub np against a presU dent cabinet officer, senator or con gressman and you will find that he is about the size of the leading men In your school district Missouri World. Atlanta, Oct. 10. When I reached this city and the grounds of the Cotton States and International Exposition, about three weeks ago, I found every thing in dire confusion. Two days be fore the opening there was only one building really ready, and that was the government's. Thousands of workmen, however, were rejoicing In hope that their present condition would continue and were free to talk of their wages, aa workmen generally are when they are doing a little better than common. And verily I was astonished at some of their statements. Thousands of negroes have flocked in from the farming regions and were getting $1 a day for common labor, where before the exposition boom the rate was but 90 cents. One year ago painters and carpenters in Atlanta got but $1.50 per day. Now they get $2.50 and call it princely pay. Country ne groes tell me that on the farms they get $10 a month and rations, but that is only in this middle section, while south ward and eastward wages are lower. Orthodox party papers over in Tom Watson's district have been making a great to do over the Improvement and revival of prosperity, and surely there is an improvement if Editor (late Sena tor) Pat Walsh tella the truth, for he says that not long ago able bodied ne groes could be hired In the vicinity of Augusta for $6 a month, while the latest comers from there tell me they can now get $8. Of course these wages go with rations that is, enough cornmeal, pork, coffee, peas, rice and black molasses to keep a laborer In working order. And even In this state I hear the familiar statement that one great cause of hard times is the extravagance of laborers. Last year the rate for picking cotton was forced down to 30 cents per 100 pounds. This year there was an at tempt at a combine to force It up to 60 cents, the rate which prevailed in the "good old times," but I am told to-day that there Is a compromise by which the pickers are to get 45 cents on "first" and "scant" and 40 cents on the late or full boll. It takes a lively darky to pick 200 pounds a day, but women occa sionally do better, and one was pointed out to me who could turn In 240 pounds a day for a week. In view of such and many similar facts I was not surprised at seeing a very large chain gang with out a white man in it, and when a resi dent friend called my attention trj th model Jail in the exposition grounds I was moved to ask: "Will you explain your model convict system?" "Not this year," he replied, with a dry smile, and we changed the venue. Street car men have also had their wages raised and now get 12 cents an hour, a part of the contract being that they must "maintain a neat and re spectable appearance." That's a blamed sight more than I could do during tha long drought, when a cloud of red dust hung perpetually over the grounds. Ed itor Martin of The Dixie Magazine tells me that cotton mill operatives average 80 cents a day, and others put their vfages at "from $12 to $18 per month,' which does not seem to consist I sup pose the latter are only the poorest class of workers. In the section where they live board Is phenomenally cheap and I suppose correspondingly plain. I had to laugh at one good old lady who told me she "rallly hadn't the heart to charge the poor girls more'n eight dol laha a month, though rallly It's wuta more In these hard times." In the nicer sections board is much higher, and rents are simply awful. Gas and water rates are said to be higher than In New York or Chicago, while bouse service of some kinds is dog cheap. Even among men there Is a great diversity, and much more bo since the exposition company dis charged so many common laborers, who are bidding against each other. The firm I am best acquainted with just now gets the services of a preacher ot the gospel for $3 per week, and he Is there from 7 a. m. to 5 p. m though his duties as messenger do not employ him all the time. He Is 25 years old, a well educated mulatto and a licensed minis ter, but Is on the pay roll as a "boy." Draymen and hackmen get $6 per week. All these facts and many more ot the same sort I gathered In my first ten days here, for really there was not much to see yet In the exposition, and If It had not been for the thousands of vet erans who came down from the Chlcka mauga dedication and the ten govern ors, including two candidates for the presidency, and the generals hers on blue and gray day we certainly should have suffered "ongwee." I was particu larly struck with the fact that the speakers laid great stress on the rising tide of prosperity and the advantages to farmer and laborer. And all those fellows profess to believe In a God and expect to be justified in his sight! J. H. Browning, in Chicago Express. AU la One Parcel. There Is certainly no doubt that a mother ot social ambitions does a com prehensive thing when she secures for a son-in-law, by a single ceremony, Charles Richard John Spencer Church ill, Duke of Marlborough, Marquis of Biandtord, Earl of Sunderland, Earl ot Marlborough, Brown Spencer of Worm- leighton and Brown Churchill ot Sand ridge, all In England, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Mlndel heln In Swabla, and Lieutenant In the Oxfordshire Hussars. Life. Chorus of free "silver-inslde-the- party" Democrats: "I'd rather be Democrat than he right!"