LABOR IN THE SOUTH.
American Steam Laundry.
A CORRESPONDENT TELLS OP
THE PRINCELY WAGES.
flUTTOn & OSWALD, Proprietors.
Fnrtn Laborers Getting Bis Dollars a
Mouth Facts Begardlng Beporta of
"a Revival of Prosperity" SUrrntlon
Una to Compete with Chenp Living.
Telephone 107, West Sherman Street.
T. J. Wolfersberger,
(Successor to I. Wolfersberger)
Make a speai<y of country sale
Speaks bjth German and English
Prices to suit the times. Peildenoo,
No, 750 Avenue E. Cull at Gazette
flee or Vincents store. .
The Oldest Wholesale Whisky Home
in Kansas City.
Standard Liquor Company,
OLIVER & BRYAN,
Established by R. S. Patterson 1881
Kansas City, - Ma
Kentucky Bourdon. $1.68, (3.00, III), II.
UO. fi,i0 per Kftllon.
PenD. orMd, Byo, $2.00, MOO, 11,00, &
Brandies, Wines, Gin. Kumnol, &!co!,Rni
Terms: Cash with order. No extra charge,
r. O. U., KannMClty, Mo. Send for Catalog
ne sod frloe UeL
KiHSiS OH ana" ST. JOSEF!
ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO, GVM
PEORIA, ST. PAUL AS3
Witt Dining Cr, Vesllbaled Drawing Beta
deeping Can, Becllnlng Chair Cars (Sett tn4
ONLY ONE CHANGE OT OAM
Tlie -A.tlan.tio Ooaot
THE BUT UNI fit
New York,' Boston,
Niaoara Falls, Pittmum,
AND KASTBBV POUiTi.
e'er fan Infermatloa, Address
- -' A all A V ie Ha
Be for the Times.
Prvreaaand Poverty. An motrh-y
tit the eaust ef induatrlal depreaeions and la
eraeao ef want wrih lacreaM of wealth 1 The Rank,
One ef the moat mrpertent contributions yat male
to economic literature. It i full of vital thouf ht.
is written with earneatneu and power, and le e work
kard te lav down when ewe Uta.Ptpulr 4a.
Pragma and Poverty" b net merely the moat
erfgutaL the mot Uniting and Important eontribu
Jen which political economy tin yt received tree
America, tut it u not too inucn to lay tnai in ueoe
reiBtcte It ho had 10 equal elnre the publication cat
" The Wealth ef NaHoni," by Adam Smith, act.
tary.fe.or, atleaat, ainre Mallhua formulated hi.
Qieory ef population and Ricardo hit theory of rank
A eeers efffreeiive, not to y audacioue, took waa
never erruten. raw rare turn.
'roblema. The H. Y.Sim eryei
1 who read only tor dlverilon we auv
My im mere u not a ry ra, in uue neon, par
M Bare paragraph but will compel attendee)."
Pfejteotlon or Free TradT An
anareuutloi of the urlff stieitlon with eepeaU Ra
mu4 to the Intaiaau ef Laboa.
Mr. Oeorie kee written ee an economist ojelsre.
fbrwari yea, mere than that, ae e patriot and a
Coetatlan. We Manny eommend hit took to al
wnewtah to Me en biteUlgent dlKuatlenof e live sad
Cturii Pnu, New York.
A Parplfxed Philosopher, lemg
eaenamloatUn nf Mr. llrrbett openrer'a vsrkwi
Meranoat 0 trie Land duration, with aonatbeV
cental reference In hie tynthetlc philosophy.
geeer mailt d ee, re-eta' fa peter fr Co eon
ee, etea, $i.o. Htlf ulf or A ft moncm,
Jt.oeeeci. "7rorti miTrnnttf" mni"Sm
iUl VrellW an aJepuurd ia tmuOmj ttU mt
Thej Condition of Labor. A rooty
to the eneydleel 0 Pope Lao XIII. CeeriaWea
the out of iheoncycllcaL
Not enty the moat ludd, compact and aatbfacterv
enpoMlileo of the single tan dectrlne that h
paired, but the keaneat ctitlaueen tlio oaveral theoa
rle. W euntoniporenoeut wlliiei, Ceipel kU
OM jf etnfr, Peter, I emfi.
Tb Land Quentlon. What It loretvei
eneTrlew Alenelt Can no Sallied.
One rteee from a reedln( of thia work with a oaa.
vVtlen of the Juetlee of the theory advocated, lad
admiration foe the clearaaM wltk wkieh k al
te4.-V. r. Timu.
N b em)of lofls keeatlfUl In competition ani
feefewiarin thoufht. Victor Nuo never pmaif
enythlaf (ruder. Siernuxtt Set.
t'pfr, 10 mil.
Property In Land. A Piiupiimak.
En IheaiOuke ol Argyll and Hmry Ceorek
r, eo cMtx Content, 1 L "The Prophet ef
Trvt" By the Duke of AreylL Preae
the Nmnt Clmy for April, 1M4. IL "The
Reduction to Iniquity." By Henry Georie, Preen
die Hianmth Cnturf far July, 1M4.
An of ebove twoke ar ky Henry George, wtoee
work, hare hid e Ur(er clrrulatwn than airy other
hook ever printed In b'nillah, latent the Bible, en
well ee ednj tranalated Into oimott ell eth lea.
fuape. Hit theuriee now hive mllllone of eameee,
ecave advocatei, and you ahould know whet they
era In order to luu.t.fLlly amwer or urge them.
The fact that New eeUnd, which baa partially
edoMad the elnfle ?. b preiperout, end no nun
wUjjog te work are Idle there, while eUewhtro eel
over the world buaUMae la paralyecd and man irajon.
to work ere u fTering from enforced Idleneee, hee eV
treeted enlveriel attention te three booke, and we
have errenged to mail them poet paid on receipt ef
doe. endeeeh with order and addreet thai paper.
The Story of- My Dlotatorahlt
wnejenbeewlelpoeteeld on receipt of )o centa.
The rTaOMi nr Laeer Itmrmtl cave of Hi "
me onn economic ret one wni-ii
I'ereer wei en Netlooaliam."
0a,t Newly Furnished. Bates Mod
rate. Adams House,
J. A. ROUSE, Proprietor
1631 Union Avenue, opposite India,
m trance Union depot, Kansas City.
Cut rat ticket office la conneo en.
ARE BIRDS GUIDED BY STARS?
Aa Attempt to Solva the Orent Mystery
of Bird Migration.
In an article on "Birds of Passage"
the Chautauquan says if one desires
an explanation, for the great mystery
of bird migration, there being nothing
else that will answer, he will have to
accept the theory of hereditary knowl
edge, a knowledge of the unfailing
stars. The Great Bear and Orion ap
peared at the same time in our region.
even when the divisions of land and
water were very different than they are
today. That the stars are the guides
of birds agrees with the fact that they
fly at reniar':able heights, often above
the clouds, and that wanderers lose
their way when they stray into clouds
and mists.- On starlight nights strag
gling birds are seldom noticed. When
the sky Is overcast, when the night is
dark, but especially when a fine rain is
falling, multitudes of traveling birds
are heard. They will call often, doubt
less for the purpose of keeping near
each other; and oft-n great numbers of
them bound against the windows of
lighthouses. Thus Gatke has observed
that on Oct. 28, 1882. from 10 o'clock at
night till the next morning golden
crested wrens bumped like snowflakes
against the lighthouse of Heligoland,
and that on the following day golden
crested wrens sat on every square foot
Of Heligoland. Toward the end of the
summer, along into the fall, It was not
a rare occurrence on dark nights to
see, through the light of street lamps,
birds flying over inland cities. The ex
perienced observer recognizes by its call
the curlew and the strand-snipe, sea
swallow and seagull, occasionally hears
even the flap of their wings. But no
bird Is visible In the darkness. On dark
nights no atari appear; then it is that
the straying bird loses his way. The
stars are the most plausible guides to
birds in their migrations. But only the
future can tell us whether they really
serve In that capacity.
St. Louis, Cincinnati, New fork
"Through the Beautiful Mohawk Valle)
and down the Hudson."
Lv 8t. Louis,
12 00 Noon
6 50 p m
10 45 p m -2
20 a in
6 60 a m
6 30 p m
9 03 p B
fiaperb Equipment. Wagner Bleopin.
oars and Dining uari.
SEPTEMBER 30 VIA
BIS FOUR. ROUTE.
Lake Shore and New York Central
B. O. McCORMICK, Pass. Traffic Mgr.
D. B. MARTIN, Gen. Pass. 4 Ticket AgL
Ia ear Bleeping Car Rate on the fhllllppn
Bock Island TourUt Excursions, from
Kansas City and kindred distant eltiee on
the route of this car, to Ban Francisco tm&
Los Angeles. The ears have npbolsUred
spring teats, are Poilmaa build, and ap
Tea have a special manager on the eni
all the way, and excursions ran once
week, having Kansas City every Friday.
Bave aaoa.y by taking this popular mode
AAdrwi for full particulars.
A. H. MOFFET,
J. S.-W. F. A Kansas City, Ma
i SUUUM, 8. P. L, tt!cK
I H. .1! LI. , L.I-.J
IT WILL NOT WORK.
BANKERS' PLAUSIBLE AN D SE
DUCTIVE ARGUMENT WEAK.
Bow the Government Should Be Believed
of the Borden of Borrowing Gold to
Support a Financial By atom That
Benefit, the Bnnkers Only.
The organization of national bankers
Is already at work upon Its financial
scheme, which It hopes to inflict upon
an over-burdened, suffering people by
undue Influence with the incoming con
Their plausible and deductive argu
ment runs in this way: The govern
ment is called upon to maintain a re
serve of 1100,000,000 in gold, because
the government has issued legal ten
ders to the extent of $346,000,000, which
are redeemable In gold, and when re
deemed are again put out. The prac
tical working of such a system forces
the government to Issue bonds to main
tain the gold reserve; therefore, the
$346,000,000 legal tenders, or greebacks,
should be retired by Issuing bonds for
them. The government would then no
longer be required to keep gold on hand
for redemption purposes; the confidence
in business circles would be restored
and the cause of business depression
would be removed, says the Brockton,
This is the argument from the side
of the banks. Incidentally, the banks
are to be authorized to Issue their notes,
based on these new bonds, and these
bank notes are to take the place of the
greenbacks, but the bankers do not
say so much about this.
; That the government should be re
lieved of the burden of borrowing gold
to support a financial system that bene
fits only the bankers is a very merito
rious proposition; but the method by
jwhich it is to De accompusned, as sug
gested by this bankers' association, Is
Vicious In every sense of the word and
will be opposed by populist congress
men and others, who will endeavor to
protect the Interests of the people.
The congressmen who oppose this
scheme of the banks will be denounced
as obstructionists; and upon them the
bankers and their cuckoos will en
deavor to place the responsibility of
retaining the present system and forc
ing another bond issue.
To expose the insincerity of this
banking clique, and to place the ques
tion in such form that the people can
understand the principles involved,
calls for constructive statesmanship on
the part of our congressmen who repre
sent the people. They should agree
with the bankers that It is worse than
useless for the government to be forced
to keep $100,000,000 In gold of the peo
ple's money locked up and drawing in
terest out of the earnings of the wealth
producers, and ahould point out a very
simple, feasible, practical plan that
would place the responsibility for such
a condition Just where it belongs.
That one simple, feasible, practical
plan Is an amendment to the National
Banking act, providing that the reserve
dollars held by the national banks as
the basis of their "wind" dollars, shall
be constituted of these legal tender
The last statement of the comptroller
of the currency shows that the national
banks have Issued about two thousand
million dollars of bankers' wind called
credit and the reserve fund upon
which this volume Is based is about
THE WAY IT WORKS.
four hundred million dollars of money.
Sixteen hundred millions of their wind
la utilized by the wealth producers as
an exchange medium, because there
isn't money enough issued by the gov
ernment for that purpose.
As an offset to the bankers' proposi
tion that the government legal tenders
should be retired, our populist con
gressmen should suggest that this re
serve of the national banks should be
made up of greenbacks. That will not
only retire the greenbacks, but it will
make them more valuable to the banks
than gold, and will send the gold now
held by the banks into circulation, be
cause for each dollar in greenbacks
held by a bank it could loan three dol
larsin some banks four dollars of
bankers' wind; and the loan of Its wind
would be restricted to the amount of
greenbacks in Issue, or the amount it
could corral. No greenbacks could be
spared to seek redemption in gold, be
cause It would be the symbol of four
wind' dollars, each doing duty in the
business of exchanging labor's products
ana each confidence wind dollar absorb
ing interest out of the wealth produc
tion. We need not enumerate the many fa
vors enjoyed by the banks all of them
Bpeclal privileges created by law. The
scheme they now propose Is merely an
other law In their Interest. What we
propose is a law in the Interest of the
We hope that congressmen who are
true to the people will not be content
with mere opposition to what the bank
ers propose. Meet them with a counter
proposition that will give additional
value to the greenback by giving it a
special privilege under the law and de
priving gold of that privilege. The re
sult would be an Instructive object les
son to those that cannot now under
stand that money Is created by law,
and the bankers would soon be asking
for more greenbacks. Progressive
A Wnrnlng to the United Btatee.
Recently the United States consul
at Cairo made a report to the State
Department showing the deplorable
condition of the Egyptian government
From that report, the Topeka Capital
selects the following facts:
Egypt's bonded debt reaches the enor
mous total of 509 million dollars. The
population being only seven millions,
this Is a debt of about $72 per capita,
or the equivalent of a national debt In
the United States of five billion dollars.
At present the productive area of Egypt
Is only five and one-quarter million
acres. From the product of this land
must be gathered a revenue of eighteen
million dollars a year to pay the Inter
est on the public debt, which amounts
to an average tax of $4.56 per acre.
The consul's report does not dilate
upon the most important fact connect
ed with this sad story, which Is:
Egypt depended on foreign capital to
carry on her government and her pub
English capitalists were always on
hand ready and willing to advance gold
and take bonds bearing high interest
The Egyptian statesmen were either too
Ignorant or too dishonest to Issue their
own money before it was too late. They
were sound money statesmen. Now
their people are reduced to such a state
of degradation that the fiat of their gov
ernment would be of little value. The
Egyptians are slaves. The United
States should take warnln." Topeka
BONDS AT BOTH ENDS.
II ow Graver Bat Fattened the rocket
Book of the Bondholder.
During Grover Cleveland's first term
as executive, there was a surplus of
money in the treasury. How the gov
ernment officers happened to let this
money slip through their fingers is
something that has never been fully ex
plained, yet there was actually a sur
plus so big that It was a burden.
The question came before congress,
and measures were urged to dispose of
this money. Some suggested one
scheme and some another, but our
Roger Q. Mills finally presented a bill
providing for the expenditure of this
surplus in buying bonds of the govern
ment not yet due. In order to induce
the holders of these bonds to surrender
them, a premium was paid on the bonds,
and in fifteen months seventy-two mil
lion dollars found lodgment in the
pockets of the bondholders, in addition
to the principal and interest due on the
face of the bonds. Thus, the bond
holders succeeded In getting In a bold
robbery by the help of Senator Mills, to
the tune of $72,000,000. This was the'
Initiatory term of Cleveland. '
When Mr. Cleveland came In on his
second term a deficiency in the treasury
occurred very soon, and how to 'dispose
of the deficiency was a matter of much
moment Of course, it must be dis
posed of in some way to the financial
benefit of the bondholders and money
thieves. So instead of buying bonds,'
Grover went to selling bonds, and did
the same as he did in buying bonds,
that is, paid the bondholders a premi
um. The bondholders must have a
steal out of the bond deal no matter
whether the bonds are "a com in' or a
gwine." The money gang succeeded
in fleecing the government out of from
fifteen to thirty millions on the bond
sale designed to procure money for the
deficiency In the treasury.
Thus Grover has fattened the pocket
books of the bondholders at both ends
of his executive service. When there
was too much money, the bond holders
were paid to take It out of the treasury,
and when there was a shortage of
money the bondholders were paid to
put money into the treasury. It Is
down hill both ways for the bondhold
ers and up hill both ways for the peo
There Is not the least doubt but that
some one received a bonus for this
scheme of feeding the bondholders fore
and aft As Grover has developed
from a poor man to a millionaire in a
few years on a moderate salary, It Is
reasonable to conclude that some of the
fat went his way. Senator Mills Is, of
course, an honest man, but honest men
rarely father a bill la congress designed
to rob the people for the benefit of the
bankers and bondholders. If Senator
Mills did not receive a share of this cor
ruption fund, it is not because he was
not in position to do so. Southern
We give too much importance to the
high officials of the United States.
They are just common people like the
officers of your county. Their minds
are about of the same calibre, and
their morals might suffer in comparison.
The United States government is a big
town or county government Look on
its officers as you do your town or
county officers. Rub np against a presU
dent cabinet officer, senator or con
gressman and you will find that he is
about the size of the leading men In
your school district Missouri World.
Atlanta, Oct. 10. When I reached
this city and the grounds of the Cotton
States and International Exposition,
about three weeks ago, I found every
thing in dire confusion. Two days be
fore the opening there was only one
building really ready, and that was the
government's. Thousands of workmen,
however, were rejoicing In hope that
their present condition would continue
and were free to talk of their wages, aa
workmen generally are when they are
doing a little better than common. And
verily I was astonished at some of their
statements. Thousands of negroes have
flocked in from the farming regions and
were getting $1 a day for common labor,
where before the exposition boom the
rate was but 90 cents. One year ago
painters and carpenters in Atlanta got
but $1.50 per day. Now they get $2.50
and call it princely pay. Country ne
groes tell me that on the farms they get
$10 a month and rations, but that is
only in this middle section, while south
ward and eastward wages are lower.
Orthodox party papers over in Tom
Watson's district have been making a
great to do over the Improvement and
revival of prosperity, and surely there
is an improvement if Editor (late Sena
tor) Pat Walsh tella the truth, for he
says that not long ago able bodied ne
groes could be hired In the vicinity of
Augusta for $6 a month, while the latest
comers from there tell me they can now
get $8. Of course these wages go with
rations that is, enough cornmeal, pork,
coffee, peas, rice and black molasses to
keep a laborer In working order. And
even In this state I hear the familiar
statement that one great cause of hard
times is the extravagance of laborers.
Last year the rate for picking cotton
was forced down to 30 cents per 100
pounds. This year there was an at
tempt at a combine to force It up to 60
cents, the rate which prevailed in the
"good old times," but I am told to-day
that there Is a compromise by which
the pickers are to get 45 cents on "first"
and "scant" and 40 cents on the late or
full boll. It takes a lively darky to
pick 200 pounds a day, but women occa
sionally do better, and one was pointed
out to me who could turn In 240 pounds
a day for a week. In view of such and
many similar facts I was not surprised
at seeing a very large chain gang with
out a white man in it, and when a resi
dent friend called my attention trj th
model Jail in the exposition grounds I
was moved to ask:
"Will you explain your model convict
"Not this year," he replied, with a
dry smile, and we changed the venue.
Street car men have also had their
wages raised and now get 12 cents an
hour, a part of the contract being that
they must "maintain a neat and re
spectable appearance." That's a blamed
sight more than I could do during tha
long drought, when a cloud of red dust
hung perpetually over the grounds. Ed
itor Martin of The Dixie Magazine tells
me that cotton mill operatives average
80 cents a day, and others put their
vfages at "from $12 to $18 per month,'
which does not seem to consist I sup
pose the latter are only the poorest class
of workers. In the section where they
live board Is phenomenally cheap and I
suppose correspondingly plain. I had
to laugh at one good old lady who told
me she "rallly hadn't the heart to
charge the poor girls more'n eight dol
laha a month, though rallly It's wuta
more In these hard times." In the
nicer sections board is much higher,
and rents are simply awful.
Gas and water rates are said to be
higher than In New York or Chicago,
while bouse service of some kinds is dog
cheap. Even among men there Is a
great diversity, and much more bo
since the exposition company dis
charged so many common laborers,
who are bidding against each other.
The firm I am best acquainted with just
now gets the services of a preacher ot
the gospel for $3 per week, and he Is
there from 7 a. m. to 5 p. m though his
duties as messenger do not employ him
all the time. He Is 25 years old, a well
educated mulatto and a licensed minis
ter, but Is on the pay roll as a "boy."
Draymen and hackmen get $6 per week.
All these facts and many more ot the
same sort I gathered In my first ten
days here, for really there was not much
to see yet In the exposition, and If It
had not been for the thousands of vet
erans who came down from the Chlcka
mauga dedication and the ten govern
ors, including two candidates for the
presidency, and the generals hers on
blue and gray day we certainly should
have suffered "ongwee." I was particu
larly struck with the fact that the
speakers laid great stress on the rising
tide of prosperity and the advantages
to farmer and laborer. And all those
fellows profess to believe In a God and
expect to be justified in his sight! J.
H. Browning, in Chicago Express.
AU la One Parcel.
There Is certainly no doubt that a
mother ot social ambitions does a com
prehensive thing when she secures for
a son-in-law, by a single ceremony,
Charles Richard John Spencer Church
ill, Duke of Marlborough, Marquis of
Biandtord, Earl of Sunderland, Earl ot
Marlborough, Brown Spencer of Worm-
leighton and Brown Churchill ot Sand
ridge, all In England, Prince of the
Holy Roman Empire, Prince of Mlndel
heln In Swabla, and Lieutenant In the
Oxfordshire Hussars. Life.
Chorus of free "silver-inslde-the-
party" Democrats: "I'd rather be
Democrat than he right!"
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