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"All governments derive
their Just powers from the consent of the governed." ilTT "All men are created free and Equal." THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OP TIIE PK0PIX8 PARTY OP RENO COUNTY. HUTCHINSON, RENO COUNTY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1901. VOL. 12. NO. 2. urn WHEN PA BEQINS TO SNORE. My pa' got imwnln In hli noao Unit', fiimcnnd tlmre to atur, That all the ntil'.'libora wlsliua ho would lonoor give awuy Homo tort of liollerlu' ltalr Ilka bull tma In their thronW, Or, like a big bum born, except II never pluyi notnolii, Ma anys k' lueplti' on his beck; ha aiiya It la katarr, But you oan bet your bliomln lift) wliatuv.r It may ars It'a there fur doln' uIiIhb, and It doea It, too fur euro, At all till) neighborhood kin toll when pa brglna toanora! Ma say. It alm'd V ever knowed that he waa alch a frlcht, A -try In to akour tho llvln' nut and rlao the dead at night, Klie'd never rmro ooiuonted furtobelili loyln' wllo An' ahare hlianrrowa and hla Joya, an' load a 'eeplusa lift'. It'a bitrd on mf, Ibe aamo an her, fur when I nit ut-leop, An' drvainln, I'm a buntur bold, out In I he for est deep, I foi'l my hair a rlMn' up to bear a lion roar An' thru wuku up In Irlifht to heur It'a pu begun to anoret Maanyatlist aome day wl en wo git to heaven after awhile, Where every proapeok'a goln' to plcauo an' only niitn bo vile, If people thoro la Just tho aamo aa people hero bolow, Hhe can't lmitglne bow ahe'e goln' to bear the loud of woe I 8lie thinks that at the usual tlmo up there amongat the bleat The angi'le will be broken of their awoct eelot- ohul rest An' tumble round a while an' then git op an' walk tho floor An' wlah he'd never been redeemed when pa beglne to more! -Donvor Tout. MORE ABOUT THE UNDERFLOW. A few weeks ago this paper printed an editorial with the caption "Is Our Under flow in Danger?" At the time it seemed to atir up considerable comment pro and con and some of our friends came to the office to discuss the question adversely. However the interest has seemed to in crease since then and this morning to our tabic comes three exchanges repro ducing the article. The suggestions then made were mainly to provoke dis cussion and the theory that the under flow is sinking in consequence of the large amount of water held in reservoirs and used lor irrigation purposes in Col orado was advanced tentatively. From the number of exchanges that are repro ducing the article the theory must have gained some disciples. It has been urged against it that the water that is held in the great reservoirs in Colorado only benefits this country because it either saturates the ground and then works down this way in the underflow, or evap orates into the atmosphere and falls in rain, instead of running off down the river channels, With all due regard to these argu ments we believe they may be satisfac torily answered , No one questions that the reservoirs and the irrigation ditches will benefit the country surrounding them. Some of the water that escapes by evaporation may fall in the neighbor hood, but very little will ever get to us because the prevailing winds are from another direction, and it will be driven away rather than toward Kansas. As to the water that percolates down into the sail the argument might be all right pro viding there is enough such water always to saturate the soil to this distance, liut it is now coming to be the case that very little water runs away out of the country through the channels of the Arkansas river. The water mostly is used up in moistening the soil of Colorodo farmers. A given quantity can only saturate a given quantity of soil. Even though the available quantity of water is increased by reservoirs which hold the water that form erly escaped, if the water is spread over a much greater portion of soil near the source of supply than would correspond to the ratio of increase in the available water supply it is only a mathematical calculation that some country that has been watered will go dry. It is this that leads up to the question "Is Our Under flow in Danger," and the answer that there certainly must be a limit to the amount of water that is held in reser voirs and used for irrigation in Colorodo or the underflow as well as the streams will suffer. Of course if the water sup ply from the mountains is adequate to the greatly increased needs of Colorado and to those of Kansas also no trouble will be felt, liut this is the vital point. The great fear is that it is not. The water from the mountains in most parts of Colorado is even inadequate to supply all the water needed to irrigate the mountain valleys. The department of irrigation takes careful noie of the snow fall on the mountains and sends out ad vices and bulletins when it is especially necessary to husband the water. The idea that the water supply from the mountains is limitless is entirely un founded. As we suggested before it is this fact of danger to the underflow, no the simple drying up of the Arkansas river that makes the Kansas and Colo rado controversy serious. The Abbvvlll Convention. The prospect for holding a convention was poor indeed last Saturday forenoon when the rains descended and kept it up for several hours. It had showered all the night before and when it commenced again Saturdny morning it was with the appearance of continuing the business. However it was a good rain and was much appreciated, and before noon the clouds broke, the sun came out nnd by the time for the calling of the convention the weather was as nice as could be wished. Yet the roads were heavy and no doubt kept many away who had to come long distances, Before the convention was called to order the matters h;.d been vety well discussed and there was one solid deter mination that there should not be two tickets in the field and that there should be union of all forces for one candidate. The two conventions met in the two rooms upstairs in the new school house, and were separately organized. The populist convention was called to order by E. G. Nettlcton, secretary of the county central committee, and an organ ization was effected by electing Hon. William Mitchell chaiimanand Mr. Lay man of Arlington, secretary. After this the democrats were called to order by S. S. Graybill, secretary of the county central committee, and organized by elcoting W. A. Austin of Sylvia, chair man and W. P. Dai If y of Arlington sec retary. After some discussion the pop ulists passed a motion to instruct their secretary to inform the democratic or ganization that the populists desired if agreeable to them to go into joint con vention for the purpose of nominating a candidate for commissioner and the transaction of such other business 'as might properly come before it. The democrats at once agreed and the joint conyention elected William Mitchell chairman and J. A. Whitehurst of Sylvia, secretary. A committee on resolutions was then appointed and while they weie out Hon, Cluudc Duval who was present, was called upon for re marks. He spoke briefly, not indulging much in a discussion of politics but touched feelingly on the death of the president. Rev. Kaufman also spoke a few moments. The committee reported the following resolutions which were adopted. Resolved, that this convention reaf firm and declare our loyalty to the Kan sas City and Sioux Falls platforms; that we pledge the nominee of this conven tion to an honest and economical admin, istration of the business of the county which is chiefly in the hands of the board of county commissioers; that without dis cussion of any law in particular we de clare that all laws on the statute books should be enforced, and . Whereas, The highest officer in our republic, who by virtue of his election is, or was not president of any party but the president of all the people, has just fallen the victim of an assassin's bullet, Resolved, that this convention De nounce the act as cowardly and de plores the loss of the president as one to be felt by every good citizen in the land. W, A. Austin D. J. Dunham W. 1'. liAKi.KY Com. After the passage of these resolutions the convention proceeded to ballot for commissioner. The first ballot resulted J. T. Whetstone 28, H. S. Thompson iS( and Mr. Layman of Arlington i. Mr. Layman then withdrew and the next hal los was between Mr. Whetstone and Mr, Thompson. The ballot resulted Whet stone 25 and Thompson 3. Afler Mr. Thompson was declared nominated the two conventions reassembled and en dorsed his candidacy. However all this convention work is only binding morally Under the uew law it count3 for nothing legally, and independent nomination pe titions will be circulated and the ticket will be filed as an independent ticket. Mr Thompson, the nominee of the con vention is one of the largest farmers and best business men oit the west side of the county. He is a heavy tax payer and live stock dealer. Several years ago he was elected county commissioner in Har vey county in a strong republican dis trict. He has therefore had busines ex perience in this line which will be of great value to a commissioner. His home is at Sylvia which is on the rail road as every one knows and he can be easily reached by mail or wire if impor tant business comes up which requires his presence, as it often does with the boord of commissioners. His opponent, Mr. Bain lives almost in the further cor ner of the county at least ten miles from any railroad station and where he will be very difficult of access. This is a very important matter and is altogether in fa vor of Mr. Thompson. THE GRAIN FIGHT. It Waxee Warm and le Oottlnst Interesting- There is a case on the district couit docket which is of a great deal of inter est to the farmers and grain growers, not only through Reno county, but all over the State. Its innocent title is as follows: "In the matterof an investiga tion of a trust or unlawful combination organized and having its source in Reno county, Kansas," This case has a his tory and with a part of this history the readers of the Cazbttr are already familiar, The extortions of the grain trust became so unbearable that the farmers in the neighborhood of Haven organized a Farmers Co-operative Grain Dealers association for the purpose of handling their own grain. They after overcoming numerous obstacles placed in their way by the trust, succeeded in building an elevator nnd commenced buying grain, They raised the price of grain about three cents nearer to the Kansas City price and were apparently prospering, the trust being unable to buy any at all, when all at once the export dealers to whom they had been ship ping their grain informed thcrn that they would no more buy their grain. This they declared was because the other grain dealers forming the trust had determined to boycott them if they did. That is the trust said to them that If they should buy from the farmers elevator, they the trust would not sell to them. This boycott, or threatened boycott on the export dealers worked so well that the Farmer's elevator could find no market for its grain and had to shut down. But its officers were not Idle. They went before attorney F. F. Trigg with their evidence, having In mind a civil suit against the trust for damages He examined their evidence and In foimcd them that while they no doubt had ample grounds for damages, their best hold was in the form of a Criminal ense against the trust people for viola tion of the anti-trust laws. The matter was then taken before Carr Taylor as county attorney and he immediately ap plied to the district for an order for an investigation and asked to have Rub poenics issued for about two dozen peo ple, grain dealers, who can give evidence in the case. These people are many of them residents of other counties, the secretary of the grain trust being one of those subpoenaed. The hearing will be on the 20th of September, next Fri day. There are only three or four from Reno county on the list of witnesses. They are the Turon grain company, C. N. Woodcll of Nickcrson, W. H. Donnell of Haven, and C. G. Robbins of Mt. Hope, The county attorney declares that the evidence is apparently all that could be wished, that letters from the export dealers telling why they refused to buy and also letters from some of the local dealers practically the same point will be shown. He says some of the strong est of these letters are from William Astle, of Haven who has been one the worst enemies of the company from the start. The State Farmers Co-Opcrative Live stock and grain company is also inter ested in the case and is furnishing valu able evidence. It bids fair to become a large case and will be quite likely to go to t lie higher courts. The penalties provided for violation of the law under which suit is brought, is 100. fine and thirty days in jail as the minimun punish ment for each one convicted, and it may be as high as $1000, fine and six months in jail. The statute also provides a fine of $100. per day for every day the law is violated after conviction. Memorial Service. Nearly all the churches in this city held services on Sunday evening in memory of the dead president. At the Presbyterian church the regular servi ces were suspended and Hon. J. F. Greenlee and Mayor Martin made ap propriate addresses, after which the pas tor, Rev. Irwin also made a few remarks touching the subject. At the Methodist church there was a special song service and Rev. Hodson made an address or sermon fitting the occassion. At the Christian church Rev. Donaldson spoke iroin the text "How are the mighty fallen?" and paid many fine tributes to the dead president. The Baptist church was elegantly decorated and Dr. McLcod delivered a sermon prepared as a memorial address. Rev. Reitzell at the English Lutheran church also addressed his remarks with particular reference to the nations great disaster. At the Catholic church there were prayers for the nation and Rev. Pompency spoke upon the subject that was everywhere uppermoat in men's minds. Monday morning Mayor Martin called a meeting of those he could get together tq enrry out the wish expressed In the president's proclamation. An excutive committee and also committees on music, decoration, parade, and finance were appointed lo arrange for memor ial services at the auditorium today. Tursdny morning the mayor Issued the following proclamation: The President of the United Stutes has appointed Thursduv utxt, Septem ber 10th, the day on which Hie body of the dmd pitbldirt will Le laid In bis last eurthly resting plucp, aa u day ol mourning and pmytr throughout the United SiitU'B and hvs earnestly recom mended all ttitt people to assemble on tbatduy In (heir rerptctlve places of divine woir-hip, tlnie to tow down in subirilsaloii tu the will of Almighty God ni.il to pour out of full hearts their homage of love and reverence to the gieat, good president, whose death has uiiiitien the nation with bluer gili'f, And now, theiefore, I, F. L. Martin Major of the City of llutohlnsou, lit no county, Kansas, do reuomruend ull ol ttid people of tnU oily to close their places of business at twelve o'clock M 00 said day for the purpose of comply ing with aald proclamation, 1 also earnestly request that ull usBemble ut the audlorimn at 2 :.')!) o'clock p. in. on fluid day for the purpose of divine wor ship and mournlnfi; that all organiza tions of every kind and natuie take part In the procession which will form on Main Street and tuuruh to the audi torium. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand on this lOfcti day of Sep tember, 11)01 ut the City of Ilutcblneou lleuo cottuty, Kansas. F. L. Mahtin, Mayor. Tn a recent letter to the Missouri jubilee committee Murk Twain coni- .. , . . incuts on Hie gen Hark Tnnln'a , . ,...... eiul topsy-luncy-View of Lire UpsH of ,ifu M thc following words: "lnvltiitionH which a brink young fellow should get., und which would trunsport him with joy, are delayed and Impeded and ob structed until they are 50 years' over due when they reach him. It has hap pened ugaln In this cuhc. When I was a boy In Missouri 1 was always on the lookout for Invitations, but. they always miscarried and went wander ing through the aisles of time, and now they are arriving when I am old and rheumatic, and can't travel, and must lose my chance. 1 have lost a world of delight through this matter of delaying- luvltutloiiB. Fifty years ago I would have gone eagerly across the world to help celebrate anything that might turn. It would have made no difference to me what it was so that I was there and allowed n ehnnce to make a noise. The whole science of things Is turned wrong end to. Life should begin with uge nnd Its privileges nnd ucciiiiiuliitions, und end wiih youth and lis capacity lo splen didly enjoy such advantages. As things are now, when In youth a dol lar would bring you a hundred picas-un-s, you can't get It; when you tire old you get It, and there's nothing worth buying with It then. It's nn epitome of life. The first half of it consists of the capacity to enjoy wllhout, the chance, the last half eon tilsls of the. chance without the ca pacity." Juvenile courts and I he system of probation for young offenders have proved so successful dn cast cruellies, especially in lloston, that much good wasi'xpeeted from (he Inl rodiietion of the plan In Chicago. The results ore disappointing, says a report from that city. The fundamental Idea of the system Is that for a first, offense a young lawbreaker shall he placed on probation, during the term of which he is to be under (he care of suitable persons. In Chicago at least S5 proba tion officers me needed. The elly ap pointed only Ave, each of whom has charge of about .'100 boys, nnd the whole 1.100 nre herded together In a reformatory school which docs not re form but corrupts, It Is i pH.v tlwit American cities are so slow lo lenrn thiil anything which prevents nn In erense In the number ofcrinilnals Is a saving In dollars and eenU, to say nothing of the mural gain. An uiiriehl judire, learned in I lie In w. Is respected, whether he Is in gown or fh'ivl sleeves, wlit'ther he gro.ws whis kers or a in ii s I nolle or has a stnoolh- shaven fnce; whether he wears a wig or govs uuiu-neaueu. Npiirlir 2.000 farmiirs within 30 miles ot Chlcairo have, hud thoif bouses equipped with telephones, BfptenilHii 10, 1001. , i : ; 1 We Most Cordially Invite You tb Attend our Fall M Mi 11 ikJ 1 li 11 Ll I 1 11 x ill 11 , ' aaM u. mm Wednesday, Sept. 25th AND hursday, Sept. 26th. IT WILL UE gorgeous display of the most beau tiful Imported IihIh. also of the most exquisite domestic headwesr that It Is possible to create. We've done well by ytm lr the past: we are going to do bettor this time. Our prices are going to be letuptlngly lour, not only on the walking and tailor made bats but on the trimmed work us well. We want j oti to come, If not to buy to look, you can get posted on correct slj les und you will appreciate our efforts to please, P. MARTIN DRY GOODS CO. ONLY ONE PRICE CASH HOUSE IN Hutchinson, - - Kaus. jj Freight paid on all 5 . 00 mail orders within 1 00 M iles. Catalog fro o. 5 1 1 1 1 1 HI 1 1 M I It 1 1 1 1 1 III 8 1 "NEW ERA" PAINT Um Eru" - U v I. tbut II t H I 1 1 1 It I M'K4M'H- a cC" Uifc-V i. ACME CEMENT, PLASTER, PAINTS, OILS, VARNLS1IES, CARETS CEMTNT, ROOFING, BRICK, STONE, THE WHITE The Great Itock Island Iloute Is pltto lncr interchangeable mileage books on soataleall oupon offices west of Mis souri Hiver. These books are good on a-w n V St. ...hmivin. I V 1 I v V mwj r urn Muuvj I mm 1 II 1 1 1 It 1 1 1 1 1 1 H 1 1 1 1 1 II 1 1 1 AN EASY MATTER, f You'll find It I'ncy enoiiKh lo use "New t Mixed l'aicts. They goon so even- I ly nnd stay so permanently, You can't I fall to see an Improvement Ujo minute It f goes on. May be you have suuiethlng I uoeds painting. W.G.HAINES, t Opposite l'oftofllce. H I H H I H I! 1 1 H II I I H M iirwuikTin "-""wiHivym ml I - YOUR DOLLAR la rtrci to lie over worked at our aloro. WHYl BECAUSE IT DOES TKK WOIK O F TWO. See ub about it. LUMBER CO. 87 different rullroixla und will bo a great advantage to commercial men and travellers. The net rate is 2,3 per mile in Kansas. Mitisourl, Ncbvnait, Oklahoma and Indian Territory.