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Thought Always of Country's Welfaro In a loiter to Colonol Hamilton, delrgnlo In Congress from tho iiUto of Now York, Washington mild: "My wish to see the union of theso stales established uiioii liberal nnd perma nent principles, and Inclination to contiil)tito my mlto In pointing out the defects of tho present cmiHtltullon, are oquully great, All my private letter linvo teemed with theso scntlmonts. nnd, whenever this topla has been tho subject of uonvorsutlon, I lmvo entlcov orod to dlffUHO and enforce thorn; but how far nny further cssny by me might bo productive of tho wlHhod-for end, or oppoiir to urrognto mora than bolongs to me, depends no much upon popular opinion and the temper and dlsposl tlons of tho peoplo that It 1b not easy to dccldo. I oliull bo obliged to you howovor, for tho thoughts which you bave promised mo on this aubjoct, and M soon as you enn mnko It convenient. No man In tho United States Is or can be mora dimply Impressed with tho nocoflfllty of a reform In our present confederation than myself. No man, perhaps, lias felt tho bad effects of It more Bennlbly; for to the defects there' of, nnd want of power In Congress may Justly bo ascribed the prolong tlon of tho war, and consequently the expenses occasioned by It, More than half the pcrploxltlcs I have expert encod In tho course of my commnnd and almost the whole of tho difficulties and dlBtrcHu of tho army, have had thulr origin here. Rut still, tho proju dices of somo, the doslgns of others, and tho mere machinery of tho raa Jorlty malto address nnd management nocessnry to k'vo weight to opinions which are to combat tho doctrines of those different classes of mon In tho field of politics." To Lafnyotto he wroto: "We are now an Independent puoplo, and have yot to learn political tactics. We are placed among tho nations of the earth and havo a character to ostubllsu; but how wo shall acquit ourselves tlmo viust discover. The probability Is (at Vsast I fear It) that local or stato poll tics will Inlcrfnro too much with tho more liberal nnd extensive plun of government which wludoni and fore- flight, freed from the mist of prejudice, would dictate, and that wo shall bo guilty of many blunders In treading this boundless theatre beforo wo shall bave arrived at any perfection In this art; In a word, that the experience which Is purchased nt tho prlco of illf- Acuities and distress will alono con vlnco us thnt tho honor, power and truo Interest of this country must bo measured by a continental scale, and that every departure therefrom weak ens the Union, and may ultimately break tho band which holds us togolv cr. To avert these evils, to form new constitution that will glvo con slstcncy, stability and dignity to tho Union nnd sufficient powers to the grcnt council of tho nation for general purposes Is a duty Incumbent upon every mnn who wishes well to his country, and will meet with my aid far as It can bo rendered In the private walks of llfo." 2$ SE 3fi I& Gratitude of Congress Shown When Washington returned to New. burg, nt the close of tho revolution ho found a letter from the president of , Congress, asking his attendance on thnt assembly, then In session at Princeton. Tho object of this request was to consult him on tho arrange ments for penco, and other public con cerns. Wbllo ho was making propaiu tlons to lonvo camp Congress conferred on him now honors. It wns voted unanimously that nn equestrian Ftatuo of General Washington should he erected nt tho placo where tho resi dence of Congress should bo estab lished, nnd that It should bo executed by the bet artist In Europe, under tho superintendence of tho mlnlsto!' of tho Unltod States nt tho Court of Ver sailles. 3$ 2& j 5$ Incident Typica.1 of Washington's Lifo A story lllustratlvo of tho firm nnd determined character of Washington Is told In tho following description of af' fairs during the frontier warfare: "The labors and dangers of the Held wore not tho only troubles with which Col. Washington at this time had to contend. By an lll-tlmcd parsimony, the pay of the officers was reduced so low as to creato murmurs and discon tent throughout the camp, Complaints grew loud and vehement, accompanied with threats to resign and lcavo the army to Its fate. Under this pressure tho character of Washington shone with the same purity and lustre that often distinguished it afterwards on similar trying occasions. In his letters to the governor ho assumed a firm and manly tone, demanded for himself and his associates an allowance equal to that received by tho king's troops, and deprecated tho Idea of being placed upon a footing, which should imply an Inferiority In rank, or in tho valuo of tholr services. "While ho took this high stand In defending the Just claims of the offi cers, he endeavored to calm their feel ings nnd reconcile them to their con dition by appeals to tholr honor and the obligations of duty, 'I have com municated your sentlmontg to the oth er officers,' said ho to the governor, 'nnd, as far as I could put on tho hypo crite, sot forth the advantages that may nccruo, and advised them to ac cept tho tonus, as a refusal might re flect dishonor upon their character, leaving It to the world to usslgn what reason It pleasos for their quitting tho service,' And again, 'I considered the pernicious consequence that would at tend a disunion and was therefore too much attached to my country's Inter ests to suffer it to ripen.' In this way he concealed his uneasiness, and tran qulllzod tho minds of his officers, al though ho felt the wrongs they suf forod, and approved the spirit thnt would not tamely submit to them, "As to himself, it wns not so much tho smallness of the pay, that gave him concern, as the Indignity and in Juutlco of having his services estimated nt a lower, rate, than In the British establishment, when In reality no ser vice could bo more severe and hazard ous, or less promising of glory, than tho ono In which ho was engaged, 'Now If we could bo fortunato enough,' said ho, 'to drlvo tho French from the Ohio, as far as your honor would pleaso to hnvo them sent, in any short tlmo, our pay will not bo sufficient to discharge our first expenses, I would not have you Imaglno from this, thnt I have aid all these things to have our pay 4 ' n,.1 ' Am. ' " JHTW Increased, but to Justify myself, and to show you thut our complaints are not frivolous, but founded on strict renson, For my own part, it Is a mat ter nlmost Indifferent, whether I serve for full pay, or as a generous volun teor. Indeed, did my circumstances correspond with my Inclinations, I should nut hesitate a moment to pre fer tho latter; for tho motives that havo lod mo hero are pure and noble. I had no view of acquisition, but that of honor, by serving my king and country.' In this declaration, uttered In tho sincerity of his heart, wo per celvo tho principles, the eminent vir tues, thnt dictated every act of bit public llfo." ' 2& & & Washington Chosen Commander-in-Chief At tho outbreak of tho war of tho revolution, It should be said, to the credit of the New England delegates, that they wore among the foremost to proposo, nnd tho most zealous to pro mote, tho appointment of Col. Wash' lngton to tho clilof commnnd. As the contest had b"gun in Massachusetts, tho Inhabitants of which had been the chief sufierers. and as tho existing army was mostly raised there, it could not havo been thought an cxtrnvagnnt assumption had thut colony aspired to tho honor of furnishing a commander ln-chlef. But, happily for America, the patriots ot that day rose far above the sordid alms of selfishness and par ty rivalships. While tho discussions wero going on in Congress respecting military prep arations, Mr. John AdainB, ono of the dolegatos from Massachusetts, moved that tho army, then besieging tho Brit ish troops in Boston, should be adopt ed by CongresB as a Continental army; and, in the course ot his observations enforcing this motion, he mild It was his intention to propose for tho office of commander-in-chief a gentleman from Virginia, who was at that time a member of their own body. Ills re marks woro so p'olntod that all present perceived them to apply to Col. Wash ington, who, upon hearing this refer ence to himself, retired from his sent and withdraw. When the day for the appointment nrrlved, the nomination was made by Mr. Thomas Johnson of Maryland. The choice was by ballot, and, on Inspecting the votes, It was found that Col. Washington was unan imously elected. As soon as the re sult wns ascertained, the House ad journed. On tho convening of Con gress the next morning tho president conimunlcntod to him officially the no tice of his appointment, and he rose In his plnco and signified his accept ance in n brief and appropriate reply. Title of Monarch Sternly Put Aside Whnn the revolution ended and peace was dcclured, the discontents of the oftlcors nnd soldiers, respecting the ar rearages of their pay, Increased, and, thore being now a prospect that the army would ultimately ba disbanded without an adequate provision by Con gross for meeting the claims of the troops, these discontents manifested themselves In audible murmur and complaints, which foreboded sorloun consoquonces. Hut a spirit still more to be dreaded was secretly at work In reflecting on the limited powers of Congress, nnd on the backwardness of the states to comply with tho most ossentlal requisition, even la support of tholr own Interests, many of the oflleers woro led to look for tho cause In the form of government, and to distrust the stability of republican In stltuttons. Bo far wore they carriod by their fours and speculations that they meditated the establishment ot new and more energetic system, colonol in tho army, of a highly re spectable character and somewhat ad vHncoa in mo, wus made the orgnn for communicating their sentimonts to the commander-in-chief. In a lettor elnboratoly and skilfully written, after describing the gloomy state of affairs, the financial difficulties, and the In numerable ombarrassments In which tho country had boon Involved during the war, on account of Its defective political organization, the wrltor adds "This must havo shown to all, and to military man In particular, the weakness of republics, and the oxer tlons the army have been able to make by being under a proper head. Thoro fore I little doubt that, when the ben eflts of a mixed government are point ed out and duly considered such will bo readily adopted. In this case it will, I believe, bo uncontrovortod, that the samo abilities, which have lod us through difficulties, apparently lnsur mouutablo by human power, to victory and glory, thoBe qualities that have meritod and obtained tho universal eg loom and vonoration of an army, would be most llkoly to conduct and direct us In tho smoother paths of poace, Some pooplo have so connectod tbo Ideas of tyranny and monarchy as to find It very difficult to separate them It may therctoro be requisite to give the head of such a constitution as I propose somo title apparently mora moderate; but, if all othor things woro once adjusted, I bollove strong argu motita might be produced for admitting the title of King, which I conceive would be attonded with some matorlul advantages." ' To this communication, as unexpect ed as it was extraordinary In Its con tents, Washington replied as follows "Newburg, 22 May, 1782, "Sir With a mixture of great sur prlso and astonishment I have read with attention the sentiments you have submitted to my perusal. Bo assured sir, no occurrence In the course ot tbo war has given me more painful sensa tlons than your Information of there bolng suoh Ideas existing In the army, as you havo expressed, and I must view with abhorrence and reprehend with severity. For the present, the com munication or tuetn win rest In my own bosom, unless some further agl tatlon of tho matter shall make a die closure necessary. "I am much at a loss to conceive what part ot my conduct could havo given encouragement to an address. which to me seems big with the great est mischiefs that can befall my coun try. If I am not deceived In the knowl edge of mysolf, you could not bave found a porson to whom your schomcs aro more disagreeable At tho same time, in Justlco to my own feelings, I must add that no man possesses more sincere wish to see ample Justlco done to tho army than I do, and as for as my powers and Influence, In a constitutional way extend, they shall bo employed to the utmost of my abll ltlcs to effect It should there be nny occasion. Let mo conjure you, then If you havo nny regard for your coun try, concern for yourself or posterity. or respect for me, to banish these thoughts from your mind, and nover communicate, ns from yourself or any one olso, a sentiment of the like na ture I am, sir, etc. "George Washington." Such wns tho langunge of Washing' ton, when, at tbo head of his army and at tho height of his power and popu larity, it was proposod to hlra to bo come a king. After this Indignant re ply nnd stern rebuke, It Is not prob- ablo thut any further advances were mndo to him on tho subject. 3fe it "I Die Hard, but I Am Not Afraid" After Washington's retirement from the Presidency, his hoalth was remark ably good; and, although age bad not come without Its infirmities, yet he was ablo to endure fatigua and make exertions of the body and mind with scarcely Icbb case and activity than he had done in the prime of his strength. On the 12th of December, 1799, ho spent several hours on horseback, rid ing to his farms, nnd giving direc tions to his managers. He roturned late in tho afternoon, wot and chilled with tho rnin and sleet, to which ho had boen exposed whllo riding homo. Tho water hnd penetrated to his neck, nnd Hiiow was lodged In the locks of his hair. A heavy fall of snow the next day prevented his going abroad, oxcept for a short tlmo near his house. A soro throat and hoarseness convinced him that ho hnd taken cold, but he seemed to apprehend no dan ger from it. Ho paused the evening with tho family, read the newspapers, and conversed cheerfully till his usual hour for going rest In the night ho had nn ague, and be foro dawn of tho day tho next morn ing, which wns Saturday, tho 14th, tho soreness In his throat had become ho severe that' ho breathed nnd spoke with difficulty, At his request ho was bled by ono of his overseers, and In tho meantime a messenger wont for Dr, Crulk, who lived nine miles off, at Alexundrlu. As no relief was obtained by blooding nnd the symptoms woro such as to alarm the family, another messenger was dispatched fur Dr. Brown, who resided nearer Mount Vor non, Theso physicians arrived In tho morning, nnd Dr. Dick In tho course of tho day, All tho remedies which tholr united counsel could dovluo wero Uticd without effect, His suffering was acute and unabat ed during tho day, but he bore it with perfect composure and rcslgna tlon, Towards evening he said to Dr, Cralk: "I dlo hard, but r am not afraid to dlo. I bollovod from my first nt tack that I should not survive it. My breath cannot last long," From that time ho said little, except to thank tho physicians for their kindness, and request that they give themselves no more troublo, but let him dla quietly, Nothing further was douo, and ho sank gradually till between ten and eleven o'clock at night, when he expired, In the sixty-eighth year of his age ,and In tho full possession of his mental faculties; exhibiting In this short and painful Illness, and In his death, tho samo trample of patience, fortitude and submission to the Divine will, which he had shown In all tho acts of his life. On Wodnesday, the 18th of De comber, his remains wore deposited In tho family tomb at Mount Vernon, Congress was at this tlmo In session at Philadelphia; nnd, when tho news of the melancholy event arrived at the seat of government, both houses luv mediately adjourned for the romnlnder of tho day. Tho next morning, ns soon as tho House of lleprosonlutlvos had convened, Mr. Murshall, afterwards chief Justice, rose In his plnco and ad dressed tho speaker In an eloquent and pathetlo speech, briefly recounting tho public acta of Washington. "Let us, thon," said he at the conclusion, "pay tho last trlbuto ot respect nnd affection to our dopartcd friend. Let tho Grand Council of tho nation display tlioso sentiments which the nation feels, Ho then offered threo resolutions, pro vlously propnred by General Henry Lee, which wore accepted, By these It was proposed, that tho House should In a body wait on tho President to ex press their condolenco; that the speak or's chair should bo shrouded In black and the members and officers of tho House be dressed In black, during tho session; and that a committco, In con Junction with a committco from tbo Senate, should be appointed "to con sldor on tho most suitable manner of paying honor to tho memory of tho man, first In war, first In peace, nnd first In tho hearts ot his fellow cltl zens." The Senate testified their respect and sorrow by similar proceedings. Joint committee of the two houses was appointed, who reported resolutions recommondlng that a marble monu ment should be erected to commemo rate the great events In tho military and political life of Washington; that an oration, suited to tho occasion should be pronounced In the presence of' both bouses of Congress; that tho peoplo of the United States should wear WASrffiiGTari at 13. crape on the left arm thirty days as a badge of mourning; nnd thnt the President, In the name of Congress, should be requested to write a letter of condolence to Mrs. Washington. These resolutions were unanimously adopted. Book Once Owned by Washington Secretary Hay has a copy of Oliver Goldsmith's "Life of ShakeHpeare," an early nnd rare edition, but It has a greater valuo than Its literary rarity, in having come from tho library of George Washington. Washington's personal bookplato, the familiar arms of his family, on which tho American flag was modeled, adorns the Inside of the cover, and the slgnaturo of tho first President appears on the title page, as clearly as If it bad been written yes terday, instead of more than a hun dred years age LEVY UNJUST TAXES. OUrt ACTS IN THE PHILIPPINES ON A PAD WITH ENQLAND'S. I'llnl I'rlni'lpta of "Twintlim M'ltlimil ItnprcaunUiliiii" It liivnlvail ThU llitma liijiutlitu Druvo III AinuritKu ColUllIlK III IlUVIllt. Tim Outlook of Dec. 7 seems to find tiiiiKo for conuratulatlim in the fact that tho Philippine (mil bill provides that tho money collected on goods liu Ijorlcd from tho Philippines to tho I'nlted Slates "uhnll hu held ns a scp uratu fund nnd paid Into tho treasury of (lie Philippine IslaudH to hu used and expended for tho government and benefit of said Islands," Tho editor of the Outlook reminds his readers thnt his paper Inilaleil upon this provision In a previous Issue, and ho rejoices that the demand was compiled with, Di-fore our esteemed contemporary Jubilates too much over this provision It would ha well for him to read the protest against Knglltdi rule written by John Jay and approved by the colonial congress, Oct. 21, 1774, As this protest Is reproduced in the World's Uest Ora tions ns well ns In many other publi cations, tho editor of the Outlook will havo no difficulty In finding It. Ills at tention Is culled especially to the fol lowing words, which appeared In that protest: "These, nnd mnny other Impositions, were laid upon us, most unJiiHlly und unconstitutionally, tor tho express pur pose of raising a rovonuo, In order to sllenco complaint, It wus Indeed pro vided that this revenuo should bo ex pended In America for Its protection and defense, Theso exactions, how ever, can receive no Justification from a pretondod liecoHslty of protecting and defending us. They aro lavishly squandered on court favorites and min isterial dependents, generally avowed enemies to America, and employing themselves by partial representations to traduce nnd embroil tho colonies." Hero is an English precedent for the provision inserted by a Republican congress nnd gleefully Indorsed by a great religious periodical. It Is not strange that a colonial policy such as England enforced ugalmtt tho Ameri can colonics, should, when adopted here, bring with it all tbo hypocrisy nnd false pretense that characterized its administration against our fore fathers, but nevertheless it is humili ating thnt our nntlon should bo doing to-day exactly tho samo things ngalnnt which earnest and effective protest was mndo a century und n quarter ago. "To sllenco complaint" now, ns then, tho rovenucfl aro to bo turned over to tho colonies, but what of tho prlnclplo of taxation without representation? What of tho theory of government without the consent of tho governed? Tho revolutionary patriots wero not willing to surrender the right of Belf government merely becnuso the Eng lish turned over to them tho proceeds of unconstitutional taxation. There Is another parallel between Jay's protest and present conditions In tho Philippines. It was complained thnt tho revenues collected without au thority nnd then turned back to tho colonists "to silence complaint" wero "lavishly squandered on court favor ites nnd ministerial dependents." While we have no court favorites as yet, wo havo ministerial dependents, men np polnted by tho President, who huvo fixed for themselves larger salaries than are paid for tho samo kind of work In this country. Complaint wns mndo thnt the salaried oillclals appoint ed by England wero "avowed enemies to America" and employed themselves In "traducing and embroiling tho col onics." It any ono will read tho official reports that como from the Phlllpplng Islands ho wl.l ho convinced that the Filipinos are being governed by "avowed enemlos" of their principles, however they mny profess friendship for tho Filipinos themselves. Step by step tho doctrine of Imperial Ism Is advancing, und unless tho Amer lean peoplo nre prepared to adopt tho European Idea of government there must bo a protest that will rescue tho Republican party from its present ten dencics or drlvo it from power, The Commoner. WcntiTO IntolorHlice. Thinking men of to-day, confronted, for example, with tho problems of China, South Africa (the settlement problem, not tho war problem), aro de termined, says H. Brlmley Johnson in tho Atlantic, thut the claims of Impe rialism shall not involve a reckless de struction of patriotism, or a foolish process of remolding nations on Bir mingham patterns. Without precisely declaring that western civilization bus reached its climax, they are firmly con vinced that ns Itself an all-sufficient motive power its influence Is on the wane. In other words, it is now recog nized to bo valuable only as a means, and it behooves us to consider the end It may legitimately encourage. For the moment, however, the pressing ne cessity Is to check popular enthusiasm from mistaking it for an end; to con vince the body politic that the con sciences and Ideals of other people are at least as permanent and as valuablo as our own; that their ways aro not our ways, nor our ways theirs. Nations make poor lecturers, and tho arena of diplomacy Is an unsteady pulpit. Civ ilizations are not one, but many, and of to-day's survivals fow are barbar ous. The danger or lorgetung tnis truth la both theoretic and practical. The call to arms in Christ's name de nies the doctrine we are professing to inculcate; the habit of Interfering provokes Interference. Our grand children will hardly thank us for teach- Ing the Chinese to fight, and the zeal ous promotion of civilization appar ently implies tho dally commluslou ot barbarities, Whitt Art Ihe 'nrU7 Aro thu Philippines ri'vly tu drop Into ccir liunilii, a peaceful satrapy, be foro (he end of tbo year, ts Judio Tult Bays, it hav3 wn :ot to light for It with mi nrmy of .10,000 for a quartor ct n f .'i.lury, as General ( hnlTo i :iays' Are Iho Inlander friendly to United Stall sovereignty, an Judge TiH dt I'liircs, or aro they unnnlmoimly hostile and secretly supporting tho Insurrec tion, nit flener'll Hell reports, poisi'HH'jil by (he universal passion lor Independ ence which Dr, Riliurinan finds tliero? Scnnloi Hour proposes to Hnd out iho fuels by a thorough Inves'.lgatlo'i, iVn ator Lodpo protests that to lnvei,tlitafe would l.i n dUcourte.iy to his commit tco. Shall the (net remain biddm from Iho American people? lUrrhnun lliimorlat. Mr. llarrlnuin really outdid himself In his explanation to tho Interstatu commerce commission ot tho benefits nt tho Northern Pndflu combination. In reply to a suggestion that It would c nn.Mu tho company to tontroi rates ho laid that tho complaint had been mndo thnt rates woro too high nnd "we may bo able to stop tho illrrlnit nation In rates of ono shipper agalnjc another." Considering ths recent tes trmii.y before tho commission, tin Idea thnt roi'ipleto control by railroad offi cials would eliminate dlscrlmdiallon In rates : quite humorous. Hut Mr. liar rimnn bus u humorous vein, lio se I'lourly iirgued to the commission that competition could not cuuso unv per nu'ieiii reduction In rates, I nit nn PMnrtiiii-tit rnnlMinrm. There Is something so foollnh In the alleged government order that the In dlnna shnll cut their long hair and stop painting their faces that doubt as to tho authenticity of tho report should first bo expressed, An Indian hiu as much right to wear his, hair long as Iho Harvard man has to port his hair In tho middle. And an Indian lias as much right to paint his face ns a white woman has to paint lies. Petty ty ranny of this sort might easily send tho remaining Indian bands on tho warpath. The tiling to do Is to clvlllzo the Indian and then tho Indian will take raro of his dress without govern ment uuslstance. Drop inutility of Iliu Hllplnn. Wo suppose that tho general consen sus of opinion In this country Is now agreed that tho rosouio reports of Fili pino regard for us nnd desire to llvo In lovo with out authorities und our In stitutions In the Inlands lire without foundation. Tho reports of our mili tary commanders mo now believed In their long succession of agreements that tho Klllpllioti mni.t bo subdued, disarmed and ruled for years to coma by military force, Wo aro compelled to bellevo that tho natives who tako tho oath of allegiance and uro given salaries ns officials aro for the moat part In actlvo communication with tho natives who aro openly arrayed against us, Vlliy Nut hulnlillu Lorumiillrio? Wo do not ouiselves bullevo that our shipyards could not compete to advan tage with nil foreigners uuy more than we believe that our locomotive builders need n BUbsldy. Ships uro manufac turers of steel and wo have been Invad ing thn markets of tho great steel man ufacturing countries with our products for a number of years pa it. Tho world rings with tho groans of our unswenss ful rivals. It la not common senso to Infer thut nn Industry so powerful and triumphant in ono branch Is Imbecllo nnd dependcut I" another brunch. ' u Hope for tliu t'lllplnnK. Tho peoplo nro not quite ready to bellevo that tho Filipinos ore tho base, treacherous rebels they have sometime 'been represented to be, that tho Islands aro seething with rebellion nnd that reconcentrndo methods must ba in voked. If such wero the caso It would bo singular to find 813 teachers In tho Islands nt 4&0 different places and In 200 of theso places wholly unprotected by United Stales troops, The Filipino Is not hostllo to teachers and to loam-. Ing. Who will say that thero Is not hopo for him? I'ujr lilRli for Our Army. We are payiug $1,000,000 a week to run our army. Leaving pensions out ot tho account, It costs us $1,281) to maintain one soldier a year, which is over flvy times what It coBts to main tain a soldier In tho most expensively, equipped army of Europe. We pay high for our army, and if all the money wont for the comfort of the soldier no body would complain. It goos whore mnnnv generally Boes in thla nign-sai- arlod country, nor does it always ga where it will do the most good. What If tbo Objrot? J. J. Hill with a sober face told tho commission that competition between railroads raised the rates and that mo nopoly was what reducod them. If thi3 simple proposition is correct why in tho world are tho railroad managers trying to get tho law so amended that they enn pool lnstoad of competing? Is it because they want to reduce thoir incomes? Frlnclpult Aro Itcnponilble. The proposition to amend tho Inter state commcrco legislation so ns to hold principals Instead of agents needs the support of no argument. Tho un derlying purpose of the law Is to reg ulate the railroads and the protended attempt at doing so is a farce.