Newspaper Page Text
Rxonin gcoTT IN tinnesseje. To the Editor of Thi Advocat. Please state to the brethren of the Farmers' Alliance end Industial Union of Kansas, that having received many earnest solicitations from our southern brethren to come sonth and participate In the present political conflict (for such it In in Tennessee), upon receipt of the following telegram I decided to respond at once. NAflHyiBM( iem., July 9, 1892. 8. M. Scott, Dunlap, Kan.: Come to Nashville by the Mth without laiL J. H. McDowiix. ,The above gentleman is state president of the Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union of Tennessee. Upon my arrival In Nashville on the 14th Inst I found dates and places named for me up to August 6. This was some what of a surprise; yet I had made par tial arrangements with the gentleman at Omaha to visit hia State for a few days. As our executive board had notified me some time before that they had deferred making dates for me through the busy season, I felt Justified in answering the call. Counties in Kansas desiring my services will please notify Brother John TV. Breldenthal, chairman of the execu tive board of the People's party, Enter prise, Kan., or address me at Dunlap, Kan., until September 15. I shall return to Kansas and be ready for the battle by the 1st ol September. In closing allow me to remark that I have had the pleasure to attend one po litical meeting in Tennessee, and I must confess my surprise and amazement at the wonderful enthusiasm manifested. We held the meeting In the bills of Smith county. There were at least 8,000 TJMDlfl wesent One-half .'of them could not be accommodated under the spread lair branches of the few chestriut trees that fringed the ridge at the place of meeting; yet the people In that vast audience remained in their places three Ion? hours, listening to the doctrine of the new dispensation; two hours and fifteen minutes being occupied by the lecturer from Kansas. At the close of the meeting I was sur rounded bv the old men of the community, eager to give their evidence and expres- tona of annroval. The first gentleman stated he was 81 years of age; his hair u frosted by the snows of as many winters. Trembling in his inflrmlly, he was eazer to state that he was one of the .not mai1m) fn tha Pftonle's cartv. He u v tt a vv w wr sr tatd that when he declared his allegi mp.a to the new cause that It had caused more commentl n the community than the nomination of Grover Cleveland or Ben Harrison. He said that he bad voted the Democratic ticket for sixty years, but had now bid it farewell, for the last con greea had completely betrayed their trust. I took the names of several gentlemen, their ages ranging from CO to 80, and upon Inquiry they were Invariably In vmnathv with our work. The nomination of Hon. W. A. Harris has done more to allay the prejudice and sectional feeling among these people than could possibly have been done on any line of education for years to come This has completely destroyed the ar gument that we are a political aid society to the Republican party. The honest yeomanry of the great state of Tennessee are coming by tne tnou ati da. The opposition Is tariff reform and force bill. Our graduated Income tax and aotlon at Ocala on the force bill com pletely disarms the most ardent support ' ers of the opposition. Let the grand work go on. The people of this state are thoroughly aroused. Tennessee will swing into line, and the heart of the nation shall throb with praise upon receiving the glad tidings of great joy that once again we are a united nation. And when the future historian records the events of this universal up rising, Kansas shall have the credit of touching the chord of public sentiment that moved the nation. "Vours for the cause, 8. M. Scott. Cokeville, Tenn., July 18, 1803. LESSONS FfiOX HOMESTEAD. To the Editor of Ta Advocatx. The conflict at Homestead is a contest between organized capital and organized labor. It arises from a disagreement In regard to the division of the joint product of capital and labor. Henry Thomas Buckle, In his "History of Civilization," says: "Wages Is the resi due that is left to laborers after rent, profits and interest have been paid." Organized capital accepts this defini tion. It not only claims for its share rent, profits and Interest, but It proposes to dictate rates of rent, profits and Interest, thus fixing the residue that is left to the laborers called wages. Organized labor has never attempted to dictate rates of rent, profits or Interest. It only claims the right to fix the rate of wages; surely it could not be expected to ask less. Justice demands that wages shall be so adjusted as to give labor a fair share of the joint accumulations of capital and labor. The fact that organized capital is securing larger profits, accumulating greater fortunes, and creating a larger number of millionaires than ever before in the history of man, while poverty and want prevail among the great tolling masses of the world, proves, beyond the admission of a doubt, that capital is get ting an undue proportion of the wealth, and that labor is not getting Its just dues. In recognition of these facts, It Is fitting that the sympathy and assistance ot an good citizens be extended to the striking workmen In their contest against the AvarlrA of tha canltalist But let US take a view of the contending forces and their weapons of warfare. Organized labor has been relying upon strikes, boy cotts and pressure, of public sentiment, while organized capital has carefully en trenched Itself behind legislative enact ments. In preparation for the great con with organized labor, It secured absolute control of the legislative, judi cial and executive departments of the governments, both state and national. In case of the Iron barons of Fennsyiva nla, they obtained, through the McKInley bill. 55 per cent, protection against for elgn competition, giving them absolute control of our markets. By this means they are able to dictate the rates of in tercet and profits on their Investments. When they wish to enforce a reduction of wages, they call to their aid an armed band of hired Hessians, under the com mand of Pinkerton, for the purpose of driving out the American workmen who belong to the union, and introducing a gang of non-union workmen, fresh from th dnnsAlv nonulated. oppressed and poverty-stricken districts of the king- cursed countries of Europe. Our work men fly to arms and repel the Pinkerton Invaders, the riot act is read and the state militia la called out, not for the purpose of restoring peace and arresting tne trea sonable organization of Pinkerton thugs, but for the purpose of Intimidating the union workmen, protecting capital and crowding down wages through the Intro duction of non-union men Imported from foreign lands for that purpose. Thus the Iron barons use the taxing power of the government to oppress the consumers of their products, and the military power to oppress the laboring men; Increasing their profits by raising prices above the point established in the free markets of the world, and crowding wages below the scale agreed upon by the organized workmen of our country. Our workmen are called upon to. choose between starvation wages and a felon's celL Capital has been Incorporated. Our statutes are loaded with special legisla tion In Its Interest Capitalists are now waging a war of extermination against labor organizations with a view of reduc ing the Individual workers to a state ol abject servitude. Is there no escape? Ah, yes; happily the workmen of our country are armed with the ballot By reason of numbers we can wrest from the grip of capital every department of our government We can select, from our own ranks, legislators pledged to tne re Deal of all the class legislation in the m terest of capital, and enact, Instead, laws that will give to every citizen, rich or poor, eaual opportunities, and grant spec ial privileges to nons. We can select, from our own ranks, executive officials who will disarm and disband the army of Pinkerton thugs and protect labor in all its rightful demands. Let us have one grand, universal strike on the 8th of next November. Let every workman In the United States lay down his ordinary Implements of toil upon that day, pro ceed in a quiet and orderly manner to his usual place of voting, and deposit a People's party tioket In the ballot-box, and see that the vote is honestly counted. We will then no longer be cringing sup pliants at the throne of power, but we will actually occupy the throne we in herited from our revolutionary forefath ers, and dispense even-handed justice to our present oppressors. J. It DETWILEB, President Fourth Congressional District Alliance. REPUBLICAN LOYALTY. From the Clay Center Dispatch. Those Republicans whose hearts are bleeding so copiously over the nomlna tion of Col. Harris, and Gen. Field, be cause they were soldiers In the Confed erate army, will do well to explain the record of their own party on that point Why did not these truly loyal gentle men denounce the Republican party when John S. Mosby,the notorious guer rilla, was appointed consul general to China by a Republican president on recommendation of John Sherman and James A. Garfield? Mosby was known as the butcherer of Union soldiers, but he has been kept In a good, fat position by the Republican party most of the time since the war. Why do not these patriots tear their hair over the fact that Gen. Longstreet one of the hardest fighters In the rebel army, has been kept in office nearly all the time since the close of the war, by the grace of the Republican party? He was first appointed by President Grant. When President Hayes appointed Uen. Ackerman, an ex-Confederate, to the po sition of attorney general why did not these Republicans, who have yet to learn that the war Is over, beloh forth in thun der tones against turning the government over to the southern brigadiers? Gen. Withers, who served through tne war In the Confederate army, was given a first class clerkship in the national treasury by John 8herman. Col. Hathaway, who advocated in his paper In 18G1, the building of bridges with the bodies of Union men, was ap pointed Inspector of customs by a Re publican administration. Inspector Phelps, an original Union man, a presid ing elder of the M. E. church, who, being too old for the army, cared for the faml lies of Union refugees, was turned out In order that ex-Confederate Hathaway might have the position. Stephen P. Bailey, a major or guerril las under Mosby, was appointed Inspector of tobacco at Pittsburg, Va., by Jonn Sherman, at a salary of $4,500 a year. Robert P. Bailey, son of the major, also a guerrilla, was made Inspector of tobac co In the Second Virginia district, at a salary of about 13,000. Ex-GuerrlIJa H. Clay Bailey, anotner son of the major, was made deputy In ternal revenue collector for the bixtn Virginia district Simpson P. Bailey, another son ana another Mosby guerrilla, was appointed sub-consul of Palemro, Sicily, at a hand some salary. J. W. Chapman, another Mosby guer rilla, was mall agent and afterwards special agent of the tretsury under Jonn Sherman. J. H. Rives, captain of artillery in the rebel army, was made collector of inter nal revenue for the Fifth Virginia dis trict by the Republican party. Theodore Nilligar, who served througn the war In the New York Burgess rifle corps, was discharged as Inspector of cus toms at Fortress Monroe.Va .by the union soldier-loving Republican paity, to make a place for Edward W.Massey, ex-Mosby guerrilla. The wife, daughter, son and son-in-law of Yerger, the rebel who assassinated CoL Crane, of Dayton, O., of the United States army, at Jackson, Miss., In 1866, were given positions in the departments at Washinton by the great rewarder of loyalty, the Republican party. Why did not the men whose souls are now overflowing with patriotism, raise their calamitous howl when these appointments were made? Why were they so meek and silent when President Har rison, a few days ago, appointed Gen. George D. Johnson, an ex-Confederate officer, to a position as member of the civil service commission? Gen. John H. Rice, of Fort Scott Kan., an ex-Confederate, and hia sons, have been" living oft the public crib In this state (for the past twenty years. They have been elected to office on the Rapub- lican ticket and appointed to fat positions by Republican administrations, and yet there has not been a word of protest from these guardians of loyalty. Why Is it? The answer is plain enough. These ex-rebels are Republicans now, and It matters not how many Union soldiers they shot nor how many crimes they committed, their sins are all forgiven and their crimes wiped out the moment they signify a willingness to help per petuate Republican Infamy, inese howlers against Col. Harris and Gen. Field are neither honest nor consistent They would support Jeff Davis If he were alive and placed at the head or tne Republican ticket if he would swear allegiance to that pary. They are the men whom Mrs. Lease so tersely de scribed when Bhe said they were 'invin cible In peace and Invisible In war." Campbell Unlyeralty Dm Sorentoen D vartment. Including Preparatory School, Business College, College of Liberal Arts ana Sciences. College of Music and Art, Nor mal College, Schools of Pen Art, Elocu tion and Oratory, Shorthand and xype writing, Telegraphy, etc Independent non-sectarian. Tuition low. uooa noara tL50 to $2. If interested, It will pay you well to send for a catalogue. State what you wish to study. Car fare over f 4.50 refunded. Address, E. J. Hoesbhsl, President, nolton, Kan.