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The advocate and Topeka tribune. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1894, August 10, 1892, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85031982/1892-08-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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vot. ni NO. 51.
$1.00 A TEAS, f
Special correspondence.
Emporia, Kan., August 5. The rally here
yesterday was in every way one of the most
suocessful meetings yet held this year in the
state by the People's party. On account of
the extremely warm weather, and the time
usually taken in forming a procession made
up of divisions from several points of the
oompass, it was thought best for the comfort
of both man and beast that the old-time
parade should not be made, and the concen
tration be made at the grove.
By 8 o'clock vehicles of varied desorip
tions began pouring in, and by 10 o'clock
about 2,500 persons had passed the main
entrance to the grounds, and by 1 o'clock
the orowd had swelled to over 3,600.
Promptly at 9:30 the People's Party Cor
net Band, of Emporia, made np of twenty
oolored musicians, appeared on the grounds
and executed several patriotic airs suited to
the occasion, after which the master of cere
monies, Mr. Waters, of Lyon county, intro
duced the Hon. A. F. Allen, of Douglas
county, who discussed for an hour the causes
of the conditions that now confront the
American people. He was followed by Dr.
Wharton, of Greenwood county, who is the
People's party candidate for oongress in the
Fourth district. Mr. Wharton made a very
excellent and able address, thoroughly con
vincing his hearers that he had within him
that knowledge and ability requisite and
necessary to represent the cause of the great
common people in the halls of congress.
Among other things he said:
"The way of the reformer has always been
hard," and quoted examples from the
Soripture and ancient history, and began
his argument by saying: "All reform move
ments have been born in the poor and mid
dle classes. It is the higher classes that
demand the maintenance of the present
basis and condition of affairs." In a brief
way he covered the formation of a pioneer
government, and constitution of this ooun
tiy. He passed over the history of the
death of Federalism, the slavery conflict,
etc., followed by the "moulding of a Shy
look, burdens of taxation, etc"
"The People's party is here to return to
the policy established by Jefferson to scat
ter the power among the people, from the
hands of the few. The silver dollar should
be restored to the place provided for it by
the early fathers. Its influence would de
preciate gold and 'appreciate' the prioe of
farms and labor, by materially increasing
the circulation, but would restore the com
mercial yard-stioks by whioh we measure
values. Some of the politicians tell yon
that the tariff is not a tax, but it gathers the
half -billion dollars and gets there just the
same each year. We desire to take the bur
den of taxation from the poor and place it
upon the broad shoulders of wealth. We
are not fighting bankers, Republicans and
' millionaires individually, but it is the busi
ness in whioh they are engaged. Let us
make this a decent campaign, and not have
any abuse for our Republican or Democratic
neighbors. A system of protection that
does not protect; a system whioh builds np
the mills of the east and impoverishes the
agricultural sections of the west and south,
is iniquitous. We want a radical reduction
of the present tariff, and a system of direct
jkifl'CjpL. (Allege
lilll yliiilftij
taxation and a graduated income tax." Dr.
Wharton proceeded to announce remedies
for the conditions mentioned. He spoke in
favor of the government ownership of rail
roads. "Would it not be better for the
managers of railroads to be responsible to
the people, instead of responsible to a cor
poration? Under government control, the
people could seoure a correct rate, and pro
tect the laborers in their wages."
At the close of Mr. Wharton's address Mr.
Waters introduced S. S. King, of Wyandotte
county, candidate of the People's party for
congressional honors in the Second district.
His speech was replete with gleanings and
comparisons, showing the baneful effects of
olass and special legislation that had been
placed on the statute books favoring the
rapid concentration of the country's wealth
in the hands of the few, "who neither toil
nor spin," and whose couree, unless cheoked,
would enslave the common people, and
bring wreck and ruin to the institutions of
our forefathers. He urged that the wage-
workers and soil-tillers of the south and
west should unite, and by keeping in the
middle of the road, fight the common enemy
to a suocessful issue, fully realizing that the
same laws that now make millionaires make
the beggars and paupers of the earth. "We
are called calamity howlers. Let up adopt
that name and howl until we are freed from
oppression. The financial legislation; the
railroad legislation; the bank and bond
legislation, are the causes, of our oppression."
After a bounteous spread a la picnic, Mr.
Waters introduced Hon. L. D. Lewelling, of
Sedgwick county, candidate for governor
on the People's ticket, by saying that Mr.
Lewelling was "the only capitalist on the
Peopel's state ticket." Mr. Lewelling re
plied "that if he could get all his earthly
possessions gathered together he might be
able to buy only an average sized farm in
Lyon county;" in fact, he fully realized
that we must intelligently act, and "stand
up for Kansas by turning the rascals out,"
thereby saving to ourselves collectively the
right of humanity and the property results
of our years of hard labor." His address
was an arraignment of the bad legislation
forced upon the people through their neg
lect and confidence in the partisan political
affiliations of the past thirty years.
He was followed by Col. W. A. Harris, of
Leavenworth county, candidate for con-gressman-at-large,
who delivered a brief
speech, and announced that he with others
would speak at Whitley's opera house during
the evening, mentioning that Hoi. Mr.
Wheat, of Iowa, was present, who would
make the dosing address for the afteAoon.
Mr. Wheat on his appearance on the'plat
form was right royally greeted, an- for
nearly two hours poured hot shot into the
fallacies and morbid pretensions of tin op
position. His ideas were plainly stated,
giving no possible excuse for misunder
standing his meaning or impugning his
motives. It was the logical, witty and
home-spun speech of the day, and taught
every reader "that he who runs may read."
Twilight was ushered in by a torch-light
procession of more than a half-mile in
length, headed by the People's party band,
and during the line of march was finely set
off by a fine display qf fireworks. The
march ended, and then the rush was made
for the opera house, whose capacity was not
equal to the emergency, resulting in an
overflow that were disappointed in not
gaining admission to hear the speeches of
Messrs. Harris, King, Lewelling and Wheat..
The principal address of the evening was
that of Mr. Harris, whose history and logi
cal argument pertaining to the three great
questions land, transportation, and money
were in all probability never before so
ably disoused within the walls of the old
Take it all in all, the day and evening
meetings were typical of those of two years
ago, enriohed by the experience of addi
tional study and a more serious and sober
conviction that the candidates who confront
us, the wrongs of whioh the great mass of
common people complain, must be deter
mined by a conservative and intelligent use
of the ballot. ' B.
L. D. Lewelling la a "wholesale butter
merchant," according to the Wichita
directory. The directory which ratee him
as a capitalist was printed before he en-.
tored business, and at a time when the
boom made every man a capitalist

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