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THE PEM3YLVAHIA BIOTS.
Did the esteemed Dr. MoLtllin, philo sophical anarchist of the Advocati, notice the fine illustration of "philosophical an archy', in the Pittsburg riots last Saturday? Capital, January SO. We have noticed the dispatches in the daily papers relating to the acts of violence above referred to, and the editorial comments thereon. We have also noticed that these demon strations are everywhere referred to as outbursts of a spirit of anarchy. We have also noticed another thing. We have noticed that these same daily papers, so load in their denun ciations of the "anarchistic" demon strations of laboring men, are as si lent as the tomb concerning the avarice and greed and systematic plunder which have driven these men to desperation, and thereby provoked the violent acts which are so severely condemned. Has the "esteemed" Capital noticed this silence! Are these rioting miners in revolt simply to promote a philosophical idea? Are they seeking simply dis order? Does anyone believe that if they were employed at fair wages, if they and their families were fairly well fed, they would be engaged m these acts of violence? Is it a spirit of anarchy, or is it subjection to abuses that have become intolerable, that has caused this riot? Are these men demanding the overthrow of civil government or are they simply demanding justice for themselves and families? There is a good deal of rot about this cry of anarchy in connection with recent labor demon strations and bread riota Has the esteemed Capital noticed this? And since we are upon this sub ject again it may be well to settle the question once for all what is philo sophical anarchy i Lexicographers define it as the absense of govern ment; and republican and demo cratic editors define an anarchist as one who by dynamite and by vio lence would overthrow all govern ment and establish a condition of universal disorder. Nothmg could be farther from the truth as we shall now show by quotations from some of the most noted of American an archists. Michael Schwab, one of the) noted Haymarket anarchists, said: Is it not strange that when anarohy was tried nobody ever told what anarohy was? Even when I was on the witness stand, and asked the state's attorney for a definition of anarohy, he declined to give it. But in their speeohes be and bis associates spoke very frequently about anarohy, and it ap peared that they understood it to be some thing horrible arson, rapine, murder. Anarohy is Greek, and means, ver batim, without rulership, not being ruled. Aooording to our vocabulary, anarohy is a state of society in which the only govern ment is reason. A state of society is which ALL HUMAS BXI5GS DO BIOHT FOB TBI SIMPLI BBASOH THAT IT IS BIGHT, AXD HATS WBOKO bbcausi rr is WBoao. In such a society, no laws, no compulsion will be necessary. Is there anything here about dyna mite and disorder? Anything like murder and arson? Oscar.Neebe, an other of the Haymarket anarchists, said: We want to educate the masses and iu? THDC BACK FBOM DISTBOTI50 LIT! ASD fbofxbtt, but we are not able to hold the masses when starvation brings them out of their boles like rate. I bare walked along the streets of this oitj (Chicago) and I have seen the rats come out of their holes by the hundreds in the basements, where they pay 5 and 10 cents for lodgings. I have seen the miserable wretches lying there in the day and begging for a piece of bread; and in the night they lie there in an air that no body hardly can live in. I have been there at 10 and 12 and 2 o'clock at night, and when these rats are let out of their holes I would not like to be near them. The classes here spoken of consti tute the dangerous elements that threaten the safety of society, and society is responsible for their exist ence. The condition of society that the anarchist would establish would do away with all this, would equal ize social conditions, remove incentive to crime, and establish an era of universal peace and brotherhood. Adolph Fischer, another of the an archists, says: The term "anarohism" is of Greek origin and means "without government," or, in other words, "without opposition," I only wish that every workingman would under stand the proper meaning of this word. It is an absolute falsehood if the capitalists and their hired editors say that anarohism is identical with disorder and crime. Do you discover any dynamite or violence here? Mr. Fischer con tinues: The anarchist's have proven that the ex isting form of society is based upon the ex ploitation of one olaaa by another; in plain words, upon legalized robbery. They say that a few persons have no right whatever to monopolize the resouroes of nature; and they urge the victims, the toilers, to take possession of the means of production, which belong to the people in common, and thus secure the full benefit of their toil. AnABOHISTS DO HOT WANT TO DIFBIYI TH1 CAPITALISTS 07 THXIB XXISTX3CX. but the protest against the capitalists depriving the toilers of thixb right to a deoent existence. Has the "esteemed" Capital ever noticed these remarks? This does not sound very much like the an archy the daily papers talk about; and yet these are the horrible men who were convicted of anarchy in a Chicago court, and for holding such outrageous doctrines some of them were hung. The others are indebted to executive clemency for their lib erty, and the same daily papers that have misrepresented and lied about these men until they have made a majority of the people believe them to be human monstrocities, are now unable to find words bitter enough with which to condemn Governor Altgeld for his fearless act in the in terest of justice. The anarchist of the newspapers is one who would resort to dynamite, to arson, to murder, to the violence of bloody revolution for the overthrow of civil government and the establish ment of a condition of universal dis order. Tt ink for a moment of the ab surdity of a desire of sane men to establish a condition of universal disorder! The real anarchist, per mitting him to define his own views instead of accepting the false and malicious definitions of a hireling press, is one who seeks to establish such conditions of equal and exact justice among men, and of such exact equality of opportunity in life as to render a government of restraint and of force unnecessary. This is the difference. Did the "esteemed" Capital ever notice it? Now a word further. It has been the custom of the Capital and of other papers of ito kind to clasa all Populists aa anarchists. It will be seen from the foregoing that this is as wide of the mark as their descrip tion of anarchy itself. Populists are demanding more government instead of less. They want it of a different variety, it is true, from that which we now have; but they are demand ing that the government shall assume control of much that is now managed by private enterprise. This is the widest possible departure from an archy. Populists would change te form of government from one of mere brute force and spoliation to one of justice and fraternity. Confucious, the great Chinese philosopher, wrote, more than 2,000 years ago: If the people be led by laws, and uniform ity eoughi to be given them by punish ments, they will try to avoid thi pchish. bust but have no sense of shame. If they be led by vibtot, and uniformity sought to be given them by the rules of propriety, they will have the sense of shame, and more- over will beoome good. This was true in the remote age in which it was written, and it is just as true to-day. That government which would eliminate crime must first eliminate poverty and hunger and want by the establishment of equal and universal justice, and of equal opportunities in life. A KIND OP PATEBMLISM THAT BEPUBLIOAJTS DO NOT OBJEOT TO. Our republican friends are always shocked at everything paternalistic in government; ana sun we never hear them object to our custom house system. The government expands immense sums of money for the erec tion of custom houses, and these are used for the storage of imported goods belonging to private individa als for indefinite periods. During the time that these goods are stored, the government also trusts the mer chant to whom they belong for the duty; and there are duties enough now due upon goods thus stored in United States custom houses to more than supply the pressing needs of the treasury 'for which the secretary proposes to issue interest-bearing bonds. The government is. there fore, not only supplying storage to private citizens for personal prop erty, but it is loaning, without inter est, to these same citizens the amount of duty which is due and ought to be paid. This is done, too, at a time when the secretary of the treasury says we must borrow money to save the government from bankruptcy. Why is it that some kinds of pater nalism are so much more objection able than others? Tired, Veali, Nervous I was In a discouraging condition, my health and strength almost gone. I had tilt tired feeling frequency, and had rheumatism so severely that I had to walk with a cane. I felt tired of life and was a burden to others. Ner vous spells and dizziness added to my sutf e r 1 n g i and greatly reduced my strength. I began to take Hood's Sarsaparllla and soon was so much bet ter Chat I kept on until X felt like a different person. I owe my present good health to Hood's sPQures Sarsaparllla and cordially recommend It as a good all-round medicine." Mas. Maby G Cut Herman, La Fontaine, Kansas. N. B. Be sure to get Hood's 8arsaparllla Hood's Pills cure all Liver Ills, Billon ness, Jaundice. Indigestion, Sick Headache. better qualified for the preparation of a hand book of this kind than Mr. Dunning. The facts it will contain may be relied upon without question, and it shonld receive the widest pos sible patronage, The price ia so small that everybody can afford to have it. A HEW CAMPAIGN B0QX OP BEPEB- EBOE. Mr. Dunning, of the National Watchman, announces in the issue of January 26 that he is preparing a new campaign book of reference which he expects will be issued from the press sometime during the month of April. It will be a book of 128 pages, and will be sold for the very low price of 15 cent?, or 10 cents in clubs of five or more. Advance or ders may be sent to the National Watchman, Washington, D. O. Some Good Books. The Advocate has a few good books and pamphlets to recommend to ita readers, and will undertake to supply them on aa low terms as possible. 'bondholders and breadwinners" By S. S. King, ia one of the powers which are bringing the people to realize the fact that under the present system the western people are simply working for the east; that a very small portion of the country what is called the money centers dictates terms upon which most of the people mast live, and reaps the reward of their toil. The book sail for 25 cents, but until further notice will be given free with a yearly subscription to the Advocate at 81. "ten men op money island," Well known among the "old guard," Is by Colonol S. P. Norton, of Chioaaro, one of the strongest writers of the age. This is just the thing to place among those who have never learned anything on the money question except by tradition. It will oven their evaa Price, 10 cents. With the Advooatx one year for $1. "the oreat quadrangular debate," Gives the speeches in the debate in which General Weaver so ably repre sented the People's party in a political argument with Stewart L. Woodford, republican, Heury Watterson, democrat, and John P. St. John, prohibition. It was one of the most successful argu ments of Weaver's career. The book ia a great educator. Pi ice, 25 cents. Free to yearly subscribers at $1. "Watson's Campaign Book" (new edi tion) is a collection of facts regarding current politics with which anyone can make a knock down argument in favor of the People's party. Having been a member of the laet congress enabled the author to mors effectually expose the corrupt practices of the old party poli ticians. In this new edition, which con tains 425 pages, the political record ia brought down to 1803, and it has proyen to be one of the hardest strikers of the day. It would make many a convert in Kansas, if properly circulated. Price, 50 cents, or the book and the Advocate a year for $1-25. If you want to know all about the legislative trouble in Topeka last winter, and who was to blame for it, and how war was averted, get a copy of "The Legislative Conspiracy." Price, 15 cents, or the book aod the Advocate a year for!.