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( Continued from page 1.) regular proceedings of the evening were introduced by a charming song by the celebrated Morgan family of Topeka; after which Mrs. Otis delivered her ad dress of greeting. The following most excellent program waa then carried out: 1 Paper by Dr. Ellen Lawson Dabbs of Texas. Subject: What are the Factsr 2. Solo by Mr. Morgan. 3. A paper by Mrs. Annie L. Digfts was read by Mrs. A. wardall. Subiect: "The United States Congress vs. National Law." 4. Whistling solo by Miss Morgan. 5. Paper by Mrs. llelen S. Johnson of Penn sylvania. Subject: "Fraternal Organizations of the hast." 6,Song y the Morgan family. Southwlck 7. Greeting from Colorado by Mrs. M.A. 8 A Doem bv Emma Ghent Curtis of Colo rado, was read by Alonzo Wardall. Subject: "Amazin Results." 9. Solo by Miss Carrie Morgan. 10 Paper bv Mrs. M. E. Lease. Subject: Legal Disabilities of Women." 11. Song by the Morgan family. All of the papers were of exceptional excellence. Whether the crowded col omns of the Advocate will permit a publication of any parts of them will be a matter to be determined hereafter. Certainly all who were present enjoyed an entertainment of much interest and we know that our readers would enjoy the papers if we could find space for them. The music was especially meritorious as it always is when rendered by the Morgan family. Every piece was fol lowed by an encore, and was loudly ap plauded. Altogether it may be said that the ladies performed their part in the proceedings of the supreme council of 1894 in the city of Topeka with much credit. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8. The proceedings of this day were of a routine character altogether. There port of the executive committee was sub mitted and acted upon, and some amendments were made to the constitu tion which will be made public at a later day. One of the events of public inter est was the adoption of the following preamble and resolution presented by Marion Butter, of North Carolina: Whsbsas, Hod. J. Sterling Morton, sec retary of agriculture of the United States, in a recent address at Chicago during the World's Fair, set out the following as his idea of the necessities of American farm ers, viz: "The farmers of America need individual ization and development by personal study and investigation. They do not need to pool their thinking faculties and their ener gies in vast associations, which are too often tamed to political rather than to agricul tural and domestio purposes. Leas legisla tion and more learning, less gregariousness and more individuality, less dependence upon associations with the Alliances and Oranges, and more self reliant independ enoe, based upon acquired facts, is a fair statement of the necessities of the Ameri can farmer. His present condition, and his future, is assuredly an enviable one, com pared with that of all the other pursuits of the people." And . Whirias, We believe that it is following such advioe that has caused agriculture to be in the condition that it is to day; there fore, be it Resolved, That it is the sense of the Na tional Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union that Mr. Morton misunderstands the necessities of the American farmers, or else all other professions, and classes of people are entirely wrong when thty organize and pool tb9ir intellects and co operate for mu tual protection. . If individualization would be n element of strength to as, why is it that other classes have not learned it, and that Mr. Morton and others of his class do not practice it. Therefore, we deolare that the doctrine advanced by Mr. Morton is a false principle and dangerous to the welfare of the Ameri can farmer and therefore to the general wel fare of the oountry. National Lecturer Ben Terrell, of Texas, and Delegate J.L. Gilbert, cf California, epoke to a large and appreci ative audience in the evening. POINTED ADDRESS. Before adjournment the committee on good of the order introduced the follow ing address, which waa unanimously adopted: To the Members of the X. F. A. and I. U., and to All Whom it May Concern: Since the inception of this grand organ ization there have been those who thought that when some political party championed our political demands, that then the mission of the organi z ition was ended. This beli ef is based on the belief that a political party will take care of the interests of the farmer. This is a fatal mistake. Brides, it is proven by the acta of every other class of citizens (txoept politician) that they do not rely on parties alone, but organize for influence on any and all parties. Every wealth produoer of America should ever keep the following truths before him: First That sooner or later all political parties are controlled by politicians. Second That politicians never serve any cause or olass ef citizens from a sense of jistioe, but always through policy, fear or gain. Therefore, the olass of citizens repre sented by the Farmers' Alliance and Indus trial Union can never hope for or secure relief or justice from any political party, not even from one that claims to champion and indorse its every principle and demand, unless they maintain an organization that will ever stand as an effective support to the man and the party that dares to do right and a constant menace to those who dare trifle with the rights and liberties of the people. Hence the supreme oounoil solemnly warns those who are true to the principles of the Alliance that they would make a most fatal mistake if they give up the organization which is the only power that can force these reforms through any politioal party, and if indeed we were liv ing under a perfectly just government to day, the organization would still be abso lutely neoessary a as great moral force to keep it so. Bat our supreme oounoil calls upon you to ever remember that the organization has a great mission to perform outside of poli tioal reforms. If the wealth producers of America are to keep paoe with the march of civilization they must do it through social and intellect ual oontaot. We have not only grown in mind and heart by such association and oontaot, but we pool our intellects for the mutual advancement of our best interests. We deeire politioal reform to enable us to carry out the mission. Therefore, in oonolusion, the supreme council appeals to everyone who believes in the principles of the Alliance to stand by and extend the organization not only to se cure the benefits to come from organization but also to make certain that some politioal party eh all enact their demands into law. " The council closed its session on Fri day evening. The office of national lecturer was abolished, and the country was divided into live lecture diotriota with a lecturer for each to be appointed by the president. Mrs. LL M. Johnson, of Corry, Pennsylvania, is lecturer of the first district and J. F. Willitta of the fourth. The others are not appointed at this writing. The officers elected for the ensuing year are as follows: Presi dent, Marion Butler, cf North Carolina; vice president, J. L Gilbert, of Califor nia; secretary treasurer, D.P.Duncan, of South Carolina. Executive commit tee Mann Page, of Virginia; I. E. Dean, of Pennsylvania; II. L. Loucks, of South Dakota, and II. C. Deming, of Pennsylvania. The session has been a very pleasant and profitable one, and the delegates and visitors return to their homes well pleased with their visit to the Sunflower state. ITa'ional Alliance Botes. There is one peculiarity about "Farmer" Daan, of Niw York. If he don't g8tach&Q9to m,iba. epeccU fee is just as well contented to gather a se lect audience about him and tell a story. He is a very polite story teller. To get a correct idea of what the dele gates think of Kansas it is beat to read tneir speeches. They did not conceal their admiration. Marion Butler, the new president, ia a newspaper man, a college graduate and a practical farmer. Hia accomplishments ought to fit him for almost anything. Mann Page is a epeoimen of the old Virginia farmer. He doesn't make a speech, he just talks, and he talks in such a practical manner that his audi ence stays with him. He swears by the Alliance and the loyalty of its members, and pledges the honor of the Old Domin ion to the cause of reform. The life insurance branch of the Alli ance, known as the Aid Degree, elected the following officers: National guardian, Alonzo Wardall, of Kansas; first assistant, L. C Long, of Minnesota; second assist ant, J. M. Perdue, of Texas; national ora tor, Helen M. Johnson, of Pennsylvania; national scribe, S. D. Cooler, of Kansas; board of directors, A. Wardall, of Kansas; Marion Butler, of North Carolina; I. E. Dean, of New York; Mann Page, of Vir ginia; U. L. Upson, of New York; Dam ming, of Pennsylvania; H. L. Loucks, of South Dakota, and Wright, of Nabraska. ABOUT KANSAS. V. H. Biddison, chaplain of the senate, has returned from Oklahoma and taken charge of the Marysville Advocate. The Topeka water works are in the hands of a receiver. The company has baen run on the railroad watered stock plan. The railroad commissioners have de cided a case which reduces the freight rate on lumber to Wichita from the Missouri river to I3 cents, from 17 cents, the old rata. E. Z. Ercsr, the well known labor ex change advocate, ssoms to be making a success of his new paper, Progressive Thought, publUhed at Olathe. The pa per is a good exponent of co-operative principles. Judge Hazen, of the Shawnee county district court, rendered a decision on Monday releasing an inmate of the state reform school on a writ of habeas cor pus. The decision, if held good, will re lease all the boys imprisoned there. Warden Chase's penitentiary report fir January shows a production of 17, 11G 833 pounds of coal, of which 6,233, 187 went to the state institutions. His December report shows that for the first time in its existence the institution more than paid its way, the receipts having been $10,16970 and the expenditures $9,10889. Fur January the receipts wer $1,381 83 and the expenditures $11, 616 CO. County officials who feel an inclina tion to give up a part of the tax levied on railroad property in their counties, in order to get a settlement, should look to Greenwood county and learn wisdom. In that county the county commission ers decided to collect the full amount of railroad tax due, and being opposed by the republican county attorney they em ployed another lawyer to attend to the business. This lawyer went before the United States authoritits in charge of the road and soon had the matter settled without making any concessions. National Eefbrm Press Association. All Kansas editors who desire to at tend the masting cf the National Re form Press association, at St. Louis, ca February 22, should at once forward ap plication for transportation from Kansas City to StLiuis and return, to W. 0. Morgan, St. James hotel, St. Louis. They should then arrange to meet the undersigned at the Blossom house, Kan sas City, February 21, where the ar rangements will be perfected to take the night train to Sr Lmia. Headquarters at St. Louis will be St. James hotel S. McLaixiit. Reform papers of Kansas phase copy. If Grown in Texas, It's Good. The Texas coast county vies with California in raising pears, grapes, and strawberries. The 1892 record of H. M. Stringfellow, Hitchcock, Texas, who raised nearly $6,000 worth of pears from thirteen acres, can be duplicated by you. O. T. Nicholson, O. P. A SiutaFe route, Topeka, Kas.j will be glad to farniih without charge an illustrated paraph! at telling about Texas. W. A. Harris & Son, the noted breed era of the best Cruiokshank Saort-horn cattle, will hold their usual annual sale on Wednesday, February 28, 1891, at the stock yards' sale pavilhoo, Kansas City, Mo. The offerings will consist of bulb and heifers, including the very excellent six-year old imported Craven Kaight (57121) 9G923, that was Dred by Amos Cruickthank, Sittyton, Scotland. The reader can obtain just the information sought by writing the Messrs. Harris, at Linwood, Kas., who will take pleasure in mailing a complete catalogue giving all pertaining to the breeding of the twenty eight offerings. Other points may be found in their advertisement elsewhere in this issue. Chicago is advertising several million of 1 per cent, gold bonds for sale sell ing her people into bondage. It don't mean anything else. The rich will own . the bonds and the others will do the work that pay the" interest. How queer that people cannot see through so trans parent a game of the rich. Poor deluded dudes. Workard suffer and vote like cattle at the beck of ward politicians for this system. Keep on playing a brace g me at which you and your forefathers for centuries never made a single win ning. -Coming Nation. Our readers should bear in mind that Avery's annual reduction horse salajrill take place on Friday, February 23, at Wakefield, Kansas. See his advertisement. THE MARKETS- W. S. Tough & Son. managers of the Kanaai City Stock Yard Horse and Mule department. report the market nulto active, and there was a (create r volume of business transacted than at any time during the past season. Prices were strong at quotations, but there does not seem to be much of an upward tendency. Buyers claim they must be conservative or they will have to stop buying. The demand was about equal for all grades. The prospects for the coming week are very fair. Mulos Market fairly active. Most of the trading was in H. to 15 hand mules. Stock must be good ages and fat to bring market val ues. 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