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The advocate. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, March 28, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. VI, NO. 13.
$1.00 A TEAK.
Where Sweet Charity Discriminates Ed'
tween Two Olasses of Poor, tha
Worthy and Unworthy.
Washington Correspondence.
Aren't you tired of politics. I am.
Lot ua talk society and fashion for a
change. Not any country town, Ameri
can backwoods style either, but way
high up English style, such as we have
here at Washington, don't you know.
Why am I so frivolous ss to seek to
tarn away your thoughts from immortal
themes in this solemn Lenten season?
I suppose itsbecauee solemnity and Lent
failed to connect at the capital this year.
How could we be pioua with all this
regiment of sinful lobbyists badgering
congress in the interest of tha sugar
trust, the whiskey trust, the coal com
bine and all the wicked rest of it right
before our face and eyes? How could
our congressmen keep track of holy days
with all those "sugar stocks" and the
other market upa and downs to be looked
after? No, sir, it was out of the ques
tion. Don't expect too much of human
nature. There are only just so many
hours in the day, so don't crowd con
gressmen too hard; there was only just
bare time for speculation and society
this season. Seek not to uncover the
secrets of their over-busy lives. Let
their transactions remain' for the most
part in executive session. It might be
that some of them sank so far in sin as
to eat meat instead of fan. But society
has kept up. The stately receptions,
the sumptuous etate dinners and the
elegant parties, retired when Lent ar
rived; they gave way to smaller parties,
and more cf them, to theatre box parties
and to every other conceivable species of
gayety. The most popular paBtirae of the
season was the "oharity" entertainment.
In the name and grace of sweet charity
society's grand dames became patron
esses of musicales, readings and other
divertisements, the proceeds of which
went to the poor whom we have had
more abundantly with us than ever be
fore. Society has danced, sang and
laughed much this hard, sad winter in
bohalf of the poor. Society, as well as
other people, and the newspapers, has ;
drawn the line of favor and sympathy j
between the "worthy poor" and the "un
worthy poor." The worthy poor has
seen better days, had never asked alms
before, had been driven to it this year on
account of threatened interference with
the tariff, which brought on hard times.
The worthy poor shrank from tilling of
empty stomachs and no coal. Some of
them were so beatifically worthy as to
die of starvation without even hinting
to their neighbors that they were tus
sling with death. Society used $50 lace
handerchiefs to wipe away a tear for
such super mundane worth.
But for those other creatures the "un
worthy poor," society had only abhor
rence and utter condemnation. The
unworthy poor went out upon the street
and told of their collapsed stomachs,
told of little children crying for some of
the bread which might have been made
of the wheat which the farmers fed to
their hogs, told of their human needs in
a brazen, shameless fashion. The un
worthy poor are shabby, disreputable,
dirty looking people; they do not use
Sear's toilet soap. They have been
known to lie, yes, actually lie, incredible
as this may seem to Senators Brice. Gor
man and one or two others.
Several times this winter these un
worthy poor have violated the' rules of
the "associated charities" and obtained
bread and old clothes at more than one
disbursing agency. Theyre repeaters,
these shameless fellows are, to take two
loaves of bread instead of one. Sooiety
is humiliated that these unworthy poor
belong to the human race. There is but
one consolation therefor; the last vestige
of humanity is rapidly disappearing from
multitudes of them; they are becoming
fiends with a nightmare of dynamite.
Arrived at that last stage in their jour
ney from innocent babyhood, whence
every mother's son of them started, so-
ciety owes it to itself to destroy the
bomb-throwing monsters. Call out the
military. Speculators in stock must be
protected and society must "patronize"
dolls fairs and private theatricals to give
alms to the worthy poor.
Speaking of our facilities for disposing
of the unworthy poor after the fitful
fever of life has reached the bomb
throwing stage, reminds me that to-day
our big thirteen-inch naval gun, the
largest ever fired in America, is to be
tested at Indian Head. Our elegant
"Dolphin," which was ao recently
snubbed by President Cleveland, will
steam down the Potomac, bearing 150
congressmen, ever so many diplomats
and distinguished gentlemen to see the
firing and hear the big noise. About
16,000 worth of powder and other fixings
will be used up to-day to show off our
big gun. The secretary of the navy will
be present and the whole a flair will be
made as impressively patriotio as possi
ble in order to impress congressmen with
the immense practical value of the navy.
Scores of congressmen will return from
Indian Head just bursting with patriot
ism, and full of loud boasting over our
ability to lick any Britisher who sails
the ocean blue.
Down at the navy yard we are making
(Continued on page 6.)
Weather Calculated to Cool the Ardor of
the Commonweal Army.
Massillion, Ohio, March 26. The
severe cold weather and snow storm
froze the vim out of General Coxey's
army of the commonweal yesterday, and
when the time came for the army to
start to Washington a great many had
disappeared. About, 100 of them, how
ever, faced the storm and started out.
Among the arrivals on Saturday was
Douglaas A. MoCallom, who represents
Mrs. Lease, and asked permission to have
her address the army at Pittsburg, which
Coxey refused. Henry Vincent, editor
of the Chicago Express, also arrived.
Not to exoeed a dozen had overcoats
or gloves. They had slept Saturday
night on pallets of straw in the airy and
cheerless circus tent, and they were
greeted yesterday morning by the dis
agreeable discovery that no detailed ar
rangements had been made for feeding
them. Several hundred persons watched
their departure from Massillion. About
3,000 persons assembled at the tempo
rary camp at Reedurban and a host
greeted the crusaders at Canton. A
heavy snow storm set in before the de
tails of the camp had been completed
and the trampers are huddled around a
roaring camp fire. About two-thirds of
the men enlisted made the trip. Coxey
has buried his disappointment over the
non- appearance of the myriad he ex
pected, and is exultant over the handful
who reported for business.
senator Stewart's advice.
Washington, March 25. Senator
Stewart, of Nevada, has sent Mr. Coxey
the following message:
"United States Senate, March 21
Dear Sir: The preservation of life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness was
entrusted to the people under the con
stitution of the United States. A free
ballot was the means by which the
sovereign people could retain the rights
acquired by the patriots who gained the
independence and established the govern
ment of the United States. There was
a time when the ballot placed the con
trol of the government in Washington's,
Jefferson's, Jackson's and Lincoln's
hands. Such use of the ballot sent
terror and dismay to tyrants, despots
and plundering oligarchies throughout
the world.
"The enemies of justice and human
rights predicted that the success of the
ballot was temporary; that man was not
capable of self-government. The de
struction of ancient republics and the
repeated failures of the people to govern
themselves was cited in proof of their
contention that despotism, oppreeeion
and slavery were the fate of the human
race, 'mere have oeen no Washlnztons.
Jeffersons, J&cksons or Lincolns elected
president of the United States in tha
two decades. Asoall'esa derpot of alien
origin is monarch of ths commercial
world. His name is money. Hia-lnstru- f
ments of oppression are btniaESu--.
bonds. His eervanta are administrative
and legislative bodies. The army
you are collecting used the ballot
to put the army, the navy and the
treasury departments under the con
trol of banks and bond-holders and
place in the halls of congress repre
sentatives to do tha biddingof money
changers. "The idea of November are approach
ing. An opportunity for the people to
strike for liberty will again be presented.
The old parties, which have surrendered
the rights of the people to the rula of
of concentrated capital, will ask for a '
renewal of their lease of power at the
ballot box. Every movement of the
people to obtain relief outside the forms
of law will be denounced as anarchy.
The purse strings of the nation are held
by congress under the dictation of the
administration, and the president is
commander-in-chief of the army and
navy of the United States. The attempt
of a starving multitude to march to
Washington will furnish an excuse for
using the power of the governments of
states and of the United States to put
down anarchy and insurrection. The
vigor with whioh the laws will be
executed against starving people will be
argument in the next election for con
tinuing in power concentrated capital as
a necessity for the maintenance of law
and order.
"The sufferings of tha people are the
result of electing men to office who do
the bidding of the money powers, which
have destroyed more than one-half of
the metallic money of the world by legis
lation, and corn si ad the other half.
Twenty years of uninterrupted rule of
banks and bondholders has concentrated
ths wealth of the world in the hands of
the few, and enabled them to seize the
telegraph, the press and nearly every
other avenue through which the people
can obtain information of the cunninjr
devices by which the parasites absorb
what the masses produce. There is but
one battlefield where the forces of liberty
and equality can meet and overthrow
the enemy of human rights. There is
no law now on the statute books author
izing the president of the United States
to march an army against the people at
the ballot box. Every attempt to place
the ballot under control of federal au
thority has thus far been successfully
resisted. Let your army be reinforced
by the millions of ths unemployed and
by the wealth producers of the nation,
and be thoroughly mobilized for the
battle) in November, when a tlotcry for ' ;
(Conlin vtdon nogt 8.) !
i i ;

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