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THE ADVOCATE, A GOLD-BUG THEOEY. (1) Did not the purchase of silver bullion by the government under the Sherman lav with silver certificates do a good thing in creating a paper circulating medium in stead of a metal one? (2) Did not the Sherman law provide that said certificates oould be redeemed in either metal giber or gold at the discretion of the treasurer? (3) If on presentation for redemption by the holder the treasurer had lawfully a free choice to redeem in silver if he wished so to do, why did or doea the redemption of sil Ter certificates necessarily take gold to do it? A Subscbibxb. (1) Yes, to the extent that the currency was needed for business uses, and confi dence in its stability was not disturbed. Beyond that point every additional issue was a cause of trouble. (2) and (3) Tes, the certificates were redeemable in either metal, but it was also enjoined upon the secretary of the treasury to maintain the parity of the two metals, and to do that he deemed it neoessary to pay out either metal desired by the holder of the certificate. To hare refused gold and to hare forced the holder to take silver would have discredited silver. -New York Voioe. A correspondent sends us the above clipping and asks if the payment of silver in redemption of the treasury notes would not have had the oppo site effect from that stated by the Voice. Undoubtedly it would. The theory of the Voice is m perfect ac cord with the hypocritical gold-bug pretense, that in order to maintain the parity of the two metals, it is neo essary to discriminate against the one and in favor of the other. The fact is, there is no desire to maintain such parity; if there was it would be done by treating both metals alike. While this general discrimination in favor of one kind of money as against all others is continued and sanctioned by law, it is a good time for the people to begin to disabuse their minds of the fallacies that have been entertained and taught respect ing; money. It is a good time to ask what the object of this discrimina tion can be. Who profits by it? Is it any benefit to the farmer or the laboring man' Who does not know that this discrimination is solely in the interest of a few men who have a corner on gold? Why is gold money in this country to-day? The "sound money" theor ists say because of its intrinsic value. Many of them go so far as to say that money is a product of nature, and denominate gold God's money. In reality there is no such thing as intrinsic value in money and cannot be; but if the fact that gold possesses a commercial value outside of its use as money is any argument in favor of such use, the argument would apply with greater force to platinum and other metals which are of greater commercial value than gold. It must be clear to anyone who will think about it that money is not necessarily a particular substance, although it may be made of anything. The fact that gold is money to-day is because the law has made it so; and if the authority of law for its use as money were withdrawn the existing gold coin would cease to be money, and become a commodity the same as other metals. It must be apparent furthermore from these facts that the theory that one kind of money must be made redeemable in another kind of money is not only a humbug, but the reduction of this theory to rractice is a f raud upon the public AYheasver this practice prevails, as it has always done in this country, the money of redemption is cornered by speculators as a means of fleecing the people. This is one of the means by which the great concentration of wealth in few hands has been ac complished; and there is every rea son to believe that the men who have shaped our legislation in accordance with this gold-bug theory have been sharers in the profits of the specula tion. It is about time for the masses of the people to get their eyes open and begin to study the true philos ophy of money. DESPICABLE POLITICAL METHODS. In line with the political methods of the old parties is the course of the Leavenworth Times respecting the Kansas Mutual Life association. Ma jor E. N. Monill happens to be one of the directors of this company. Ma jor Morrill is also one of the multi tude of republican candidates for governor of Kansas. The Leaven worth Times is opposed to him, and not being able to give any substan tial reason for its opposition, it as sails the character and standing of the Kansas Mutual Life association, of which he is a director, with a view of defeating him in that way. This is not only cowardly; it is despicable. We care nothing for Major Morrill's candidacy. The nomination, if he gets it, will be an empty honor at best. The Kansas Mutual Life asso ciation, however, is a Kansas insti tution. It would not be permitted by the insurance commissioner to do business in the state if its assets were not satisfactory, unless the commis sioner should be enjoined from doing hio duty by a republican court. To assail the standing of this company, therefore, as the Times is doing, in juring its credit and its business for no other purpose than to defeat the nomination of a candidate for gover nor to which Mr. Anthony is opposed is simply contemptible. It affords another illustration of the fact that there is no principle in republican politics. A general scramble for office is all there is in it, and the methods resorted to in the scramble are simply contemptible. MINDS FORTIFIED AGAINST LIGHT. During the month of March Rev. C. M. Shelden, of this city, delivered a series of Sunday evening lectures at his church on the subject of Chris tian socialism. Much - interest was manifested in these discourses, and packed houses greeted the speaker on each occasion. We have heard no adverse criticism from any person who attended the meetings. A State Journal reporter interviewed several members of Mr. Shelden's church upon the subject of these lectures after their dose, and published their criticisms. Several who heard the lectures expressed themselves as fully in accord with the sentiments of the speaker. Others were not prepared to accept all of his conclusions, but in the main were well pleased. A few considered Mr. Shelden as a well meaning man, but somewhat vision ary and sensational They could not accept his theories at all. It is some what remarkable that these, though members of his church, absented themselves from these meetings. They were afraid to even hear what he had to say lest they might learn something. It is wonderful how men who pretend to be intelligent can for tify their minds against light. If all men were like them how the world would progress! If a new idea should get into their heads it would paralyze them. It is a significant fact that all the "wars" and insurrections occur in the states under Populist control. The Populists have suc ceeded in only one thing demonstrating their incapacity to govern EmporiaRepub. lioan. It is an equally significant fact that the insurrectionists are republicans and democrats who, when beaten at the polls, rebel against the consti tuted authorities of the state. Their policy is rule or ruin. WHAT KIND OF A DISTRICT MUST IT BE? There has been considerable spec ulation throughout the country con cerning the chances of Representa tive Breckenridge of the Ashland dis trict of Kentucky for re-election. The New York World recently sent a cor respondent into the district to ascer tain the sentiment of the people. The correspondent's first interview was with Charles J. Bronson, who has been proposed as the successor of Mr. Breckenridge. Here is what he says: I am not a candidate for oongrees, nor will I be, as long as Colonel Breckenridge is a candidate. 'My entering the canvass against Colonel Breckenridge would, I be lieve, injure his chances for eleotion. Were God Almighty to make a man especially designed to represent the Ashland district in congress, he could not produoe one bet ter fitted than is Colonel Breokenridge. If Col. Breckenridge is so especially designed and constructed for a fit representative of that district, he should by all means be returned; but in the name of heaven what kind of people have they down there? Are they all built that way? OUR EX-CONFEDERATE CONGRESSMAN. Oar Texas friends are mistaken when they speak of our congressman W. A. Harris as a one-armed ex confederate soldier." Sir. Harris not only has two arms, but he is a whole man in every sense of the word; and Kansas thinks none the less of him because long years ago he happened to live south of Mason and Dixon's line, and did as any other man would have done under like circumstances drifted with his people into the con federate army. There is no more loyal man in Kansas to-day than Col. Harris, nor one more respected by Kansas people. THE DUTCH HAVE CAPTURED HOLLAND AGAIN. Republican papers are again pro claiming, under flaming headlines, the great republican victories in rec ent municipal elections m Kansas. Republicans were victorious even in the city of Topeka. Wonderful, isn't it? Who would have dreamed of such a thing? It is the old story re peated ad nauseum. When were these municipalities anything else than republican? Great revolution isn't it? Rats! Thisqs are mighty dull about Topeka now. The Capital takes nearly a column to answer something from the Aovocats. LawTtnoe Journal. The Capital is beginning to recog nize that the failure of republican papaers to try to answer the Advocate is rightly construed by the people as a confession of inability to do so; and it is therefore doing the best it can. The Journal paragrapher recognizes the hopelessness of the task and never undertakes it. Thi Populists used to claim that "there isn't much difference between republicans and democrats." But after a year of dem ocratic legislation the people have found a big difference. Emporia Gazette. What is the difference? What democratic legislation has been en acted that did not depend upon re publican votes for its passage in both house and senate? Please enlighten us. If republicans really have the con tempt for the movement to march Washington that they pretend to have, why are so many obstacles interposed to interrupt the march? Why are leaders arrested upon trumped up charges and every means possible employed to embarrass them? These acts belie the words and show that plutocracy and its tools really fear the movement. Is the Light Dawning ? The Rev. John Brown, of Fall River, Mass., has been a Presbyterian clergy man for twenty-five years. He has built eight churches, organized over a dozen' and has helped the debt of many others. His own church is prosperous and out of debt. Last Sunday, to the great surprise of the congregation, he read his letter of resignation. He is to sell his library, buy a tent and preach Jesus Christ to those who are now out side of the church. He says it is possi ble that our children will look on our church buildings that we struggled so hard to build and pay for with the same wonder we now regard feudal castles. We quote one paragraph from his letter, which evidences the spirit of the whole of it: "Then, too, I want perfect freedom to emphasize the social aspects of Christianity. There are Jerico walls to be battered down, and Jerusalem walls to be built up before the reign of King Jesus can be established. The drink habit must be done away with; the rights of woman in the state, as they are now in the church, must be ac knowledged; labor and capital must shake hands, or lock horns like two steers and tight it out on the edge of the precipice till either the one or the other goes over; corruption in high and low places, especially in politics, must be swept into hell with the besom of destruction; class jealousies and sec tarian hatred must be annihilated, and truth, righteousness, brotherly love and brotherly helpfulness must exist be tween masses and classes, employer and employe hereafter as never past." Brockton (Mass) Diamond, March 30. The Railway Age laments that the unfair legislation, lowering prices of transportation (where?) and unre stricted competition, are driving many of the railroads into insolvency. Poor things, the government ought to lift this burden from their shoulders. The whole people can better afford it than the widow and orphan stockholders. Turn them over to the United States, Railway Times, April 2.