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7 THE NATIONAL OUTLOOK. Observations Taken la Several Progressive States. People's Party Headquarters, ) Washington, March 31, 1894. ) CALIFORNIA. The Trades Unions, Farmers' Alli ance and People's party of California have all joined hands at the Joint Con gress of Labor council held at San Fran cisco, February 20 and 21. Chairman Wardall writes, "Oar toilers on farms, in factories and mines will unite for the common cause. We have decided to call for a popular subscrip tion 4for the Oregon fcampaign to send two or three speakers to that state next month. The first regiment of the 'on to Washington peace army' camped before my house on the 16th inst. They came and left in perfect order. You all understand that it is not an F. A. & I. U., a Trades Union or a Populist move, but an independent free for all aggregation. To see them march ing is an object lesson never to be for gotten. A hundred orators could not affect in a week what they do by marching by in silence. people's party clubs. Since the meeting of the national committee of St. Louis, head quarters has received reports from 310 People's party clubs. We earnestly request all People's party clubs who have not done so to send in the names of their presi dent and secretary with the member ship of the club, so Lthat we can form a systematic and compact organization for the coming campaign. We further re quest that every Populist lend a help ing hand towards organizing the Indus trial legion and if you can not organize the legion, then organize People's party clubs. We must prepare for the fight and get our literature among the people, and this can best be done through an organization. GOVERNOR M'KINLEY IN OREGON. News has reached head quarters from Oregon that Governor McKinley will stump that state for the republican ticket during the month of May. This means that the republicans are going to continue to try to "drown the outcries of a plundered people with a sham battle over the tariff." How do the silver re publicans of the West like to have an eastern gold-bug instruct them how to vote? If Governor McKinley goes to Oregon, he will be followed by Senator Stewart of Nevada, and if the gentleman from Ohio desires a joint discussion, he can have it to his heart's content LITERATURE. The department of literature at head quarters is receiving orders for hun dreds of oopies of Congressman Pence's silver speech and income tax speeches everyday. Also Senator Stewart's and Jones' speeches are in great demand. The committee has completed arrange ments to send out 500,000 copies of these speeches at cost. SEIGNIORAGE BILL VETOED. When the bill repealing the purchas ing clause of the Sherman law was un der discussion, many democrats in con gress excused themselves and the administration by saying that when this law was repealed then the party would proceed at once to enact silver legisla tion in line with the Chicago platform and campaign promises. The demo cratic party has again broken faith with a long-suffering people. In vetoing the bill, Cleveland makes it very plain that no legislation favorable to silver can es cape his veto. He comes iquare out for the issue of more bonds, which shows very plainly that tinder the present ad ministration nothing can go except it conforms strictly to the gold standard. The crime of 1S73 committed by the republicans has been ratified and con firmed by the democrats. The votes of the present republican congressmen and the utterances of the republican press establishes the fact that Harrison and a republican congress would have pursued the same course on the financial question as that pursued by the present adminis tration. Both the old parties are abso lutely deaf to the cries of a plundered and starving people. How any honest and patriotic voter who believes in the free coinage of silver can long cast his vote with either of them is beyond comprehension. One thing is beyond question, and that is when a man votes with any party except the People's party, he is voting for the demonitization of silver and the single gold standard. POPULIST CONVENTION IN MAINE. D. G. Richards, of Augusta, writes: "The People's party of Maine held its state convention in this city March 22. Two hundred delegates attended. The meeting was one of the most enthusias tic ever held in the state, and was a sur prise to its friends. Professor L. C. Bate man was nominated for governor by ac clamation. The state committee was reorganized with E. W. Boynton, of Augusta, chairman, and J. E. Ash, of Auburn, secretary. We intend to wage a vigorous and aggressive campaign." SOUTH DAKOTA IN SHAPE TO WIN. Thos. H. Donald, of Mellette, South Dakota, writes: "I would like to get some of Lafe Pence's speeches on the Bland silver bill, as he touches on Major J. A. Pickler's tactics in the house of representatives. It will make a good campaign dooument. The Populists of this state never had a better chance to win than they have this year. Harmony seems to be the motto everywhere. We have made tremendous gains on account of Graver's administration. The demo crats nearly as a whole have endorsed our platform in this (Spink) county. The chairman of the democratic county cen tral committee has resigned, and will campaign for us this fall. It is very doubtful it there will be anything in the field except Populists and republicans. We will carry this county by 200 ma jority." THE LEAVEN WORKINO IN SOUTH CARO LINA. Mr. M. L. Otte, of Kelton, S. C, writes: "I am a Populist in the middle of the road. I cast my first vote for Cleveland in 1892, and I' have regretted it ever since. It is nothing uncommon to hear men say: 'I voted for Cleveland in 1892, but I am ashamed of it.' The common people speak in the highest terms of the Populist party in my sec tion." TEXAS ALL RIGHT. In a letter regarding the outlook for the success of the People's party, Harry Tracy says: "Our numbers are growing rapidly, and every indication points directl) to the success of the party." Crimes of Bailroad Managers. In announcing the withdrawal of the L. & N. railroad from the Southern Railway & Steamship association, M. H. Smith, the president of the first named, throws a flood of lurid, above-proof light on the methods of pools and combines, which is of interest to railroad employes, as well as stockhold ers, and will account very largely for the epidemic of corporation poverty which to-day calls for cuts in wa?ea of the hired help. Mr. Smith does not mince matters. In the lsrjnase of thi Railway Age: " No anti-railway demagogue ever pictured the abuses of secret rate-making and dis criminating more strongly than is here done by the president of a great railway system in his charges against men in sim ilar positions." Mr. Smith recites that in good faith his road entered into the association and kept its agreement, in good faith, with other roads, "who solemnly" solemnly is good "agreed to adopt and maintain certain rates, entertaining at the very same time that he made such agreement a deliberate intention to violate." He gives the figures and tables to prove the bad faith of other roads, especially the C. N. O. & T. P. road-which, by the way, is in the hands of receivers and a full account of how the L. & N. was hogged out of its fair proportion of rate, a recital that should call tor immediate attention of the interstate commerce commissioners. Space forbids the re printing of the whole letter. A tewj specimen excerpts are given: "To any observing mind it must be dear that by far the largest proportion of the more important articles of traffic, namely, packing-house products, grain, cotton, fertilizer, lumber, pig-iron, coal, etc, is controlled by a few persona. A few men connected with each branch of business have been takan up, aided and enriched by concessions in various forma at the expense of transportation com panies and greatly to the injury of other shippers, who are struggling in their efforts to conduct a like business. If these conditions shall continue, it will be but a short time (if, indeed, we have not already reached the period) when the favored few, either as receivers or ship pers, wilt control the rates of transport ation." "Such immoral acts are not confined to subordinate officials. I know that it is often attempted to make scapegoats of subordinates; but I have never been able to understand how the chief execu tive of such corporation can avoid the responsibility for acts of subordinate officials or agents. Some men who have passed their lives in establishing charac ters for the highest integrity in com mercial pursuits, and have, by such conduct, amassed fortunes, seem, never theless, when placed in charge of the affairs of railroad corporations, to be come possessed with the conviction that the interest of such corporations cannot be protected, except by dishonest meth ods, which mast be repugnant to their sense of honor. I may possibly be wrong in believing that the interest of the L. & N. Railroad company can be protected by other methods than those I condemn; and the result may so prove. But if I should discover that my present opinion in this respect is a mistaken one, I would, without hesitation, withdraw from all connection with the manage ment. I do not believe that any consid eration would justify me in pursuing the methods of lying, cheating and steal ing which seem to be so prevalent." "Instances are notorious where the fa vored persons have grown rich, while persons engaged in like business, and shipping property under like circum stances and conditions, have been unable to succeed. I have in my mind a most successful man. who has for years con trived to secure concessions in rates, and has thereby prospered, while several of the railroad corporations which have aided him are now being operated by re ceivers, while an older firm, with ample capital and superior facilities, has been unable to compete. Then are many such instances throughout the territory covered by your association, and thiir existence is a disgrace to the railroad managers who have participated in the concessions of such crimes, be they re ceivers or be they officers of solvent cor porations," Now arises the question: Wili a rail road that will "lie, cheat and steal" from its partners in a "solemnly" inaugurated combine, prevaricate when it claims to reduce wages on the ground of poor business? Railway Times, April 2. DISREGARD OF CONSTITUTIONS. By Obtaining a Monopoly of Propelling Tower a Corporation Seeks to Steal the Erie Canal. The electric contract recently entered into between Superintendent Uannan transferring the banks of the Erie canal to the Cataract General Electrio com pany, is the most audacious attack ever made on our state canal system. Article 1 7, section 6, of our state constitution, prohibits to sale or lease of the -Erie canal banks, basins or feeders, forever But what does Piatt, Vedder and com pany, oare for constitutions or poepls when they are playing for so valuable a franchise across our state. But who are the high contracting parties? Who is the grantors and why such magnifi cent b:q"ata? The state is the owner of both canal and river and does not need the services of Tom Piatt, Drexel Mor gan, the Vanderbilt family and the Cata ract General Electrio company to suc cessfully operate the Erie canal, why should the state donate to the railroad and the electric monopolists the Niagara falls power and then practically donate the same party a franchise worth many millions of dollars? The stealthy manner by which the "private snap" monopolists practically gobble the Erie canal is enough to make the industrial classes tremble not only for the future of tbe canal but the state itself. What does Vanderbilt, Piatt, Vedder and company care for the state? The way they in vade our constitution and make our lawa and then repeal them when a weak or venal Flower or Hannan have turned overstate property to them must lead thinking people to expeot that the Cen tral Railroad Piatt, Vedder and com pany will soon say "I am the state." People's Advocate, (Buffalo) March 29. Child Labor and tbe Unemployed. Mrs. Florence Kelley, chief fsotory in spector, spoke at the Young Men's Christion association rooms on Satur day afternoon, March 21, her subject being the evils of child labor. One of the conditions that leads to the exist ence of unemployed, Mrs. Kelley said, is that ohildren, frequently little girls, dis place their fathers in many of the trades. "This city," she said, "does not take half oare of the primary school grade. They are more profitable for the time being to certain classed employers, because they are cheaper than adults. In several of the trades two of the children displace one man. The reason the city takes no heed is because being merely a civic duty for the citizens in general there is no profit in it for them. Mrs. Kelley maintained there should be no children under 16 years of age in any of the employments. Through a spirit of false economy people go to where things are cheapest because the work is done by child labor whioh has supplanted that of th'ir parents, who are thus thrown out of employment. Several instances of injustioe to chil dren amounting to cruelty in the mer cantile establishments and factories were cited by the speaker. Eight Hour Herald, March 25. Apply at once to the Advocate for ipsci&l club tones.