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The advocate. [volume] (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, April 18, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032018/1894-04-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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vol.vi.no. jo.
$1.00 A TEAR.
Bravely Defends the Aimy of Unemployed
in a Washington City Polics
Washington Correspondence.
Let me tell you a story and oh I my
reader bow down your head in sorrow
and shame, and pray for patience, for
this story is a true one, and it all came
about in this year of our Lord, 1894, in
this time of republics and of sovereign
voters, and not in that old dead time of
despotism and of serfs.
On the 9th day of this April at the
little station of Eckington, on the Balti
more & .Ohio road, just outsida the
limits of this capital city, there were
strange things going on. Late in the
afternoon a procession of uniformed
patrolman filed into the town and drew
op at the railway station. Under com
mand of Captain Austin, one inspector,
two lieutenants, and sevet sergeants,
theoe, forty men, with four police wagons
and several mounted police ranged them
selves to wait for what? For a two
hour's distant freight train to which was
attached a box car laden with human
freight. Forty men, worn out with
travel and faint with hunger, were met
by the very flower and pick of the dis
trict police, fifty-eight of them. As soon
as the train stopped the forty unarmed,
halfjamished travelers were arrested by
theJ-Ay-eight armed force, placed in the
four patrol wagons and taken to the city
police stations.
Lest one may think that humanity is
dead let me hasten to tell that the po
licemen in charge made all possible
haste after the arrival of the strangers
at ' the station houses to supply
them with food. But what was the
meaning of all this? Why were these
travelers arrested at the suburban sta
tion before they reached the city whioh
was their place of destination? It was in
response to a telegram received by Major
Moore, chief of the district police, from a
Baltimore & Ohio detective, who had
shadowed the forty men in the box car
from the time of their leaving Cincin
nati. It was without any doubt the
carrying out of a plan which would be
called a conspiracy had it been prac
ticed by the poor upon the rich or
The plan was to arrest this company
of men, who were coming east in search
of work, put them through the form of
trial in the police court, sentence them
to the work-house and make an example
of them which would strike terror to the
souls of Coxey's oommonwealers and
turn them from their purpose to oome to
On Sunday morning the city papers
told the story of the arrest, and members
of the labor organizations bestirred them
selves to secure legal counsel for the
strangers whose trial was to oome on
the following morning. I went early to
the court room, and may I never again
find it my duty to endure such an
ordeal. There were criminals black and
whit?, old and young, male and female,
all stages and degrees of vice and de
pravity, and rarged along with them be
hind the iron grating were the forty
strangers in a strange land. They had
been trapped into the situation and were
there to answer to the foul crime of
I have many times in my life been
proud of being a Kansan, but never so
much so, never so thankful, as when a
Kansas cocgreesman, Mr. J IT. Hudson,
came to the rescue of these helpless men
and announced himself as their counsel.
And what a splendid defense he made!
How it changed the whole course of the
plot. I indulged in some pointed re
flections as to the usefulness of lawyers.
It came over me that a lawyer of abil
ity, of integrity and humanity might
serve a farmer constituency in congrees
with as great fidelity as the farmer
fresh from the plow. The quality of the
man and not the circumstance of occu
pation is the essential thing. At all
events I was glad to have at least one
lawyer representative from Kansas.
But to go back to the forty prisoners.
It was brought out by questioning the
captain of the men and another witness
that they were in no way connected with
the Coxey movement. They were all
men of sober habits; not a whisky bottle
or a card was found in the car in which
they came. Their behavior had been
orderly all the way from Cincinnati, so
the railway detective was obliged to
testify, though he evidently desired to
prejudice the court against the men. He
stated that the conductor had been
afraid to demand fare of the men,
whereas the truth was the car was ten
dered the men at Cincinnati, and the
conductor understood the case and had
no thought of asking the men to pay.
These men are nearly all American
born, one of them a graduate of a college,
some are church members, all are anx
ious to work, and those who went upon
the witness stand bore themselves with
exceptional dignity. Most of them had
lived in the East at some time in their
lives, but had gone West to seek em
ployment. They said the times got hard
there and they hoped to find work in
the East, so they had banded together
and agreed to stand by and help each
other. Several of their number had
Continued on page 5.
The Oommonwealers Meet With Various
Kinds of Exceptions.
Cumberland, Md., April 16. The
army of the commonweal will leave
Tuesday morning early in canal boats
for Hftncock, the next stop. It may be
that this route ill be continued to Ha
gerstown. Tonight camp will be breken
and the boats loaded. The men are be
ing fed extravagantly and are enjoying
the feast after the prolonged fare of
hardtack. .
For breakfast oyster soup, coffee,
bread and jam, pork and beef were sup
plied in abundance. Dinner and supper
will be Berved as abundantly. This ac
tion has in a great measure allayed the
feeling of discontent among the great
number who favor following the leader
ship of the "Unknown" and Coxey, Jr.,
who were ignominiously discharged at
Frostburg. " ' '
It is rumored that several score of un
employed from various points
and camninff beyond the coke
works, are being organized for an oppo
sition march to Washington. A publio
meeting will be held at the Academy of
Music this evening at which General
Coxey and Marshal Browne will speak.
Colton. Cal., April 1G. The second
Los Angeles regiment of the unemployed
is meeting with anything but encour
agement in San Bernardino. First the
fire department was called out hers and
the commanders were drenched with
cold water and driven from the freight
train they had captured. Then the army
was placed under guard by fifty depu
ties, armed with shot-guns, and its lead
ers were thrown into the county jail.
Then a boycott was declared on the
army. The commander raised a fund of
$7 and purchased bread, but the baker
who sold it was waited on by the citizen's
committee of safety, and made to prom
ise that he would sell no more supplies to
the army or its leaders. The merchants
here have resolved not to sell to the army
and many citizens have agreed not to
give any food or other supplies to them.
The sheriff and hi deputies promised
to arrest the men for seizing a (rain, and
declares they must walk out It appears
to be a case of freeze out. List night
about 200 of the commonwesiers
marched in a body to the First Baptist
church, where Rev. Spurgeon Medhurst
took up a small collection for the army
and preached a sermon exprecsing sym
pathy for the wanderers.
Omaha, April 16. General KelleyV
industrial army will walk out of Council
Bluffs at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Kelly
was notified by the sheriff that the sol
diers must "march on." Two compa
nies of militia will escort them to the
county line. Although Governor Jack
son refused to furnish transportation,
the army does not intend to foot it acroea
Iowa. Arrangements have been made
to go as far as the Parks, six miles east
of the Bluffs on the Rock Island, where
it is said a train of empty box cars will
be found on a siding with a crew ready
to be overpowered. No trouble was ex
perienced here with the men and none
deserted from the ranks.
pkpfkr's resolution.
Washington, April 16. Senator Pef
fer has introduced a resolution provid
ing for the creation of a new cemmittee
of the senate to receive the petitions and
hear the statements of bodies of men,
like Coxey's army, who visit the capital
for the purpose of making presentations
to congrees. The committee is required
to give such organizations full and re
spectful hearings, and report to the
senate. . . .'.'.....
Senator Hoar gave notice that when
the resolution should be taken up for
consideration he would move to amend
by imposing this duty on the committee
on finance.
Guthrie, Okla., April 10. The Okla
homa division of Coxey's army has just
closed arrangements with the railroad
company to take JOO of them to Wash
ington in box cars.
Not a Kansas Hecenslonlst.
Lincoln, Ned., April 10. The text of
a remarkable letter which will be handed
to Governor Waite, addressed to that
executive and the legislature of Colo
rado, to-day, was given to the publio by
the press of this city on Sunday. The
author is a resident of Oklahoma, but
formerly of Lincoln. It is a call for the
secession of all states west of the Miisls-
sippi, and its author claims it will be
signed by prominent men in Texas, Kan
sas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Colorado and
other states. What action Governor
Waits will take is merely conjecture.
The letter reviews the history of the
United States for the past twenty-five
years, and suggests that the country la
too unwieldy to be governed by one ex
ecutive. The interests of the western
states are antagonistic to thosa of the
East, and the silver of the former haa
been legislated into a valueless com
modity. The country surges with com
munistic doctrine and the poor are crying
for bread. Before the Ws slaves en
riched their owners by their labors, but
to-day the white slaves of the West are
struggling to fill the capacious maws of
eastern plutocracy.
It states that the remedy lies in the
dissolution of the Union and the organi
zation cf a separate government cf the.
west n J'-- Galveston the Ihyt York of
, CcntffMMa on page 13.

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