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The advocate. (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, April 25, 1894, Image 1

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VOL.VI.NO. 17.
$1.00 A TEAR.
Will Kansas Lend a Helping Hand "To
Save the Nation's Soul
Washington Correspondence.
It is no looser a question aa to
whether or not Mr. Coxey's Common
wealera will come to Washington. They
are coming; and the question now ia
what sort of reception will they have.
The police force is being increased, and
the militia "street riot drill" goes on,
and the police officials persist in their
determination to treat the commonweal
era as vagrants. There will be a mass
meeting of citizens Saturday evening to
make preparations for a friendly recep
tion, for despite the hostile tone of the
two prinoipal daily papers, and notwith
standing the fact that the police officers
have roused the fears of citizens lest
the "mob following the army" may com
mit depredation?, there ia much favor
able sentiment, and very general in
sistence that the commonwealers have a
right to come and should be protected
in that right.
These are solemn times. There is a
tenee expectancy, no one knows of what.
It may be tragedy and woe unspeakable,
or it may be a safe transit through the
darkest hour which precedes the dawn
of a far brighter day than the world has
ever known. I incline strongly to the
latter view. So many people are intel
lectually and spiritually prepared for
that radical change of conditions which
would lend a hand to the helpless.
Within the past twelve months the
country has had two of the greatest ob
ject lessons ever offered for the educa
tion of a nation. Grover Cleveland's
malicious and baleful lesson came first
and led up to J. S. Coiey'a beneficent
and humane spectacular lesson. Cleve
1 and vs. Coxey. Plutocracy vs. the peo
ple. The old vs. the new. Paternalism
vs. fraternal! am. Bayonets vi. ballots.
Millionaireism vs. pauperism these are
the forces arrayed in mortal combat.
The contest is coming to close quarters.
It is absolutely impossible for the pres
ent abnormal, unholy conditions to con
tinue. It is becoming clearer every day
that nothing adequate can be done to
bring relief without an enlargement and
recasting of old ideas of the functions of
government. It must be conceded that
governments are made for men and not
men for governments. Old beliefs and
superstitions must give way. They must
not longer bar the way of rescue to the
''perishing. These filibustering, rule jug
gling, backward-looking obstruction
ists up here in the capitol must enlarge
their pigmy ideas and change their
picayune methods, and venture into such
statesman-like and precedent-making
legislation aa will put work in the hands
and hope in the hearts cf the millions
of unemployed American sovereigns. (I
dote on that word sovereign. I like to
bring sharp to the sight of man the ab
surd distance between the theory and
the actuality of American government)
Every foot-sore, ragged, hard handed
hollow-eyed men who is marching hith
erward with Coxey's commonweal is in
theory a sovereign whose ballot the pub
lio servant angles for, but whos petition
he jeers and scoffs. And under the
pre sent system of caucuses, of congres
sional committees, of rules of the house,
of senatorial courtesy, of presidential
vetoes, and the devious other ways for
procrastinating, and for shifting blame
from party to party, from house to sen
ate; there ia no remedy, and there need
be no hope; for, corporate brigandage
has captured all the machinery and
cogged, and belted, and oiled it after
full legal fashion, so that it will turn out
no work save their own.
There is but one remedy and that is
for the people to recapture the ma
chinery and remodel it on the "direct
legislation" plan. Direct legislation
would eliiLinate partyism, would de
throne hero-worship and deodorize the
foul, pestilential pool of politics. I have
said it before and I say it again with an
hundred fold emphasis: The people can
be trusted if you can appeal to them in
dependently of partisan politics, and of
glamoring, irridescent hero-worship.
Even the worst men want the best things
to happen to their fellow men when
their human nature is touched on its
Ood-ward side.
Looked at from this point of my high
hope I see in this commonweal march
the largest force which has been set in
motion to bring the majority to see the
possibility and practicality of direct
legislation. Here at the national capi
tol are soon to be focused the three great
factors of prosperity:
First The work (good roads) needing
to be done.
Second The workers suffering for the
work to do.
Third The constitutional authorities,
congress and the president, at hand to
issue the money necessary to set the
workers at the work.
Now let the voice of the people be
heard in demand of the precipitation of
these th ree economic chemicals and the
solution will be prosperity.
We have here the bureau of printing
and engraving already equipped for
Usuance, without delay, of soma of the
same kind of good money which never
was discounted even when the nation's
CvntinutdXn page 5.
The Great Peace Aimy Finds Sympathy
in Every Quarter.
During the week public attention has
been turned from what has been con
sidered the principal division of the
Coxey peace army, which was indus
triously making its way through Penn
sylvania and Maryland toward Washing
ton. Other divisions of the army have
met with more serious opposition, in
consequence of which publio sympathy
has been aroused to a wonderful degree.
Governor Jackson of Iowa, had or
dered several companies of malitia to
Council Bluffs, ostensibly to protect life
and property, but in reality, aa after
ward developed, to prevent the Kelly
contingent, which was at Omaha, from
crossing the state. No sooner had the
governor taken this step than publio
sentiment rapidly took the side of the
Coxeyites, and indignation against the
governor and the railroad companies in
creaeed alarmingly, while the army un
der Kelly's command also increased
until it numbered over 1.000. On
Wednesday the men were driven from
the Chautauqua pavillion and compelled
to camp out during the severe rain
storm. The citizens of Omaha, South
Omaha, and Council Bluffs held an in
dignation meeting censoring the gover
nor for calling out the militia. The
soldiers were then withdrawn, and the
army again took possession of the build
ings. During the day the camp was visited
by thousands of sympathizers. Feed,
money, clothing, medicine, bedding,
pipes and tobacco, needed for the com
fort of the army was furnished in abun
dance. When night fell, Kelly was in
possession of upwards of $1,000 in cash,
and had provisions to last a week, with
luxuries to last a month.
During the evening meetings were
held in the three cities. In Omaha the
large 1 all provided was inadequate and
an overflow meeting was held on Jeffer
son square. Upward of 8,000 people
gathered at this latter meeting and
were addressed by the leaders of the
army. During the afternoon 250 Union
Pacific employee, loaded with provisions,
marched ever to the camp. A meeting
was held there attended by 3,000. Reso
lutions indorsing the army and con
demning the railroads were adopted.
During all this time Kelly and his lieu
tenants were vainly trying to get the
railroad officials to furnish transporta
tion across the state, but it was stub
bornly and insultingly refused. Judge
Ilubbard, attorney for the Northwestern,
expressed himself in no uncertain lan
guage and his views of the situation
were coincided in by Mr. Baldwin. "If
thesd tramps and bums try to capture
one of our trains there will be trouble,"
said Mr. Ilubbard, "and should they
gain possession of a train through any
book or crook, or by the sympathy of
our trainmen, we will ditch the train, if
it destroys every car and hurts a lot of
men. We will not carry these vagrants
for love nor money, or be forced to by
their capturing our rolling stock. In
the eyes of the law they are a band of
beggars, who are organized for an un
lawful purpose, and to prey on the peo
ple, who are compelled to feed them and
move them on to the next station. Why,
if we were to carry this crowd over the
Iowa railroads we would be compelled
to carry 10,000 more idlers just like
thern. They would swamp our roads,
and we could do nothing but a charity
business, and this ia what we do not in
tend to do. Our roads were not built
for charitable purposes."
On Thursday the army marched to
Weston, on the Rock Island road, ten
miles east of Council Bluffs.
Omaha, Neb., April 20. General Kelly
is all that the good words hitherto said
of him conveyed to the reader and more,
lie displayed the rarest of judgment
and fortitude tonight when he deolined
to put his men on board a train stolen at
Counoil Bluffs by the engineers and fire
men of the Union Pacific It was a Un
ion Pacific engine with Union Pacific
cars, on the Rook Island track. Kelly
declined it because he had not broken
any law and did not intend to start in
There was great excitement here all
day and it was intensified at night fall
by the news that a train had been cap
tured to relieve Kelly. Crowds throngtd
the streets and an immense open air
masa meeting was held. Rumors of the
calling out of federal troops, cf state
troops, of death's in Kelly's camp and
uf every conceivable nature kept the
crowd on a tension hard to understand.
But no disorder resulted, and, as if by a
miracle, the clash that seemed inevita
ble was avoided, and Kelly's army slept
in camp at Weston, waiting for the
break of day to march to Council Bluffs.
Omaha has never seen such a day of
excitement. Numerous meetings have
been held and committees appointed to
confer with railroad officials with the
view of averting trouble. Large crowds
of men and women paraded the streets
all day.
At about 3 o'clock when all hope of
securing a train from the officials had
vanished, the crowd went aimlessly from
Bayleea Park, where it had listened to
the addressee of the leaders. Tfces
leaders had vanished and the men were
getting roetlesa in the cold, when from
the south cams marching three hun
dred women headed by Mrs. Herxaan.
This gave new life to the men, and when
Continued on pagi 12

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