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TIE-IB ADVO O-AP US.
Call of the People's Party St&te Ceatral Com
A delegate convention of the People's
party of Kansas will be held in the city
of Topeka on Tuesday, Jane 12, 1894,
convening at 10 o'clock, a. m., for tha pur
peed of placing in nomination candidates
for tha following offices: Governor, lieu
tenant governor, secretary of stats,
auditor of state, treasurer of state,
attorney general, state superintendent of
publie instruction, associate justice of
the supreme court and congressman at
The several counties in tha state will
be entitled to representation at said
convention aa follows:
Xogan . ..".". . ... . . . . . : . 8
Anderson... '."'.'.Z. . .. "8i
Woodson . . .
The basis for said representation ia
two delegates at large for each county
and one additional delegate for each 350
votes or major fraction thereof, cast for
R.S. Oaborn for secretary of state, de
termined by adding the vote cast for him
in 1800 and in 1892 and dividing the re
suit by 2 Delegates to said convention
will be elected by a regularly called
county convention of tba party and it ia
recommended that conventions for tha
election of delegates to this convention
ba held in all counties in tha state on
tha 2 tth of May, 1894, and that tha pri
m&nes for electing delegates to said
county convention be held on Tuesday,
May 22, at such places as may
be designated by tha call for county
conventions. It is also recommended
that at tha county conventions held for
tha purpose of electing delegates to thesa
conventions, tha county central commit.
tea for tha campaign of 1894 ba selected
and that said committee meet immedi
ately after tha adjournment of said oca
vention for the purpose of organizing;
that tha eeleotion of tha county commit
ted ba made tha first order of business
in said convention after permanent or
ganization. The secretary of said county
convention will forward to tha state
chairman a list of tha delegates and al
ternates, together with a list of the
county central committee as selected
immediately after the adjournment of
cfiid convention. It is recomended that
in tha selection of delegates to said state
convention, tha several conventions re
frain from electing any state officer or
etate employe. It is further recommended
Lhst allperauns, irrespective of former
and unlimited coinage of silver at tha
ration of 16 to 1; who believe in more
money and less taxes; who believa in
strict economy in government affairs;
who believe in a graduated income tax;
who believa in the government owner
ship of railroads; who believe tha prom
ises made by tha government to the sol
dierwhenhe enlisted ba strictly ful
filled; who believe that freight and pas
senger rates in Kansas should ba based
on tha actual cost of construction and
legitimate expense of operating tha
railroads, and that such rates should ba
reduced to correspond with the reduced
prices of the products of labor; who be
lieva that the wages due railroad em
ployes should ba a first lien on all prop
erty of tha road, payable before any
other claim, whether tha - road is -operated
by the company or by receivers,
and that no officer or stockholder of any
railroad should ba appointed receiver
thereof, and who believa that thelegis
lation outlined herein will restore pros
perity to tha country and enable thous
ands who are now tramping tha country
in enforced idleness to secure profitable
employment and enjoy tha fruits thereof,
be invited to participate in tha prima
ries and conventions. By order of com
mittee. John W. Brbidknthal,
Chas. S. Davis, Chairman.
Fourth District Convention.
A delegate convention of tha People's
party of the Fourth congressional dis
triot of Kansas ia hereby called
to meet at Emporia, Kansas,
June 20, 1804, at 10 o'clock a. m.,
for the purpose of placing in nomination
a candidate for congress from this dis
triot, and to elect one committeeman
from each of the counties in this dia
triot. The basis of representati on is one
delegate for every 200 votes or frac
tional part thereof, cast for Dr. E. V.
Wharton in 1892. The several oountiea
are entitled to representation as follows:
Marlon 91 Total.
Secretaries of county conventions will
please forward certified copies of lists of
delegates to the district secretary C. A.
Yearout, at Madison, Kas.
"No pereon holding any office or posi
tion of profit, trust or emolument, undar
tha federal or any state or munioipal
government, including senators, con
gressmen and members of tha legisla
ture, stata and local, shall ba eligible to
sit or vote in this convention.
W. T. Walters, Chairman.
C. A. Ykarout, Secretary.
Emporia. Kas., May 7, 1894.
thony, Rev. Anna H. Shaw, Miss Helen
L. Kimbor and Mrs. Rachel L. Child
June 6-7 Neodesha, Wilson county.
June 7-8 Howard, Elk county.
June 8-9 Eureka, Greenwood county.
June 11-12 Eldorado. Bntlr Mnnt. J
j! f"rns?l Clty- Rowley ' county.
w j-jw.u, vuiutsuuui COUQlv.
June 14-15-Wlnfleld, Cowley county
June 15-16 Wellington, Sumner county.
June 18-19 Kingman, Kingman county.
June 20-21-WlcSlta, Sedgwick county.
June 21-22 Newton, Harvey county.
June 22-23 Marlon, Marlon county.
o uuo to-uruyviiH, mce county,
June 26-27 Hutchinson. Renoc
UtChlnson. Reno ennntv
ThuaOTM Y) A l T . . . - '
iuuo -& rraiiii, rratt county.
Tim a Oil IM tri
S-29 Greensburg, Kiowa county.
9-30Dodge City, Ford county.
Band July 1-2 Garden City, Fl
Sufiraza Mass Meetings.
A "sweep" of 100 two-day county mass
meetings has been arranged for May and
June. Four of thesa meetings will be in
progress each day. The datea are, in
part, aa follows. It will ba observed that
The following meetings will be ad
dressed by Mrs. Chapman-Catt, Mrs.
Diggs and Mrs. Jenkins:
June 6-7 Smith Center, Smith county.
June 7-8 Phillipsburg, Phillips county.
June 8-9 Oberlln, Decatur county.
June 11-13 Atwood, Rawlins county.
June 12 St Francis. Cheyenne county.
June 13-14 Norton, Norton county.
June 14-15 Uoodland, Sherman county.
June 15-16 Colby, Thomas county.
June 18-19 Oak ley, Logan county.
June 19-20 WaKeeney, Trego county.
June 20-21 Ellis, Ellis county.
June 81-22 Russell, Russell county.
June 22-23 Ellsworth, Ellsworth county.
June 25-36 Sallna, Saline county.
June 26-27 Lincoln, Lincoln county.
June 27-28 Hill City, Graham county.
June 28 Waldo, (Mrs. Diggs.
June 28-29 Hoxie, Sheridan county.
June Plainville Mrs. Dlggs.
The meetings at the following places
rij aSliatioas, who beliava ia tha fret ! will ba addressed by Miss gc.,n B. An-
Editob Advocate: In looking over
an old file of your valuable paper, my
eya fell upon an editorial on the 6th
page of the Advocate of September 27,
1833, entitled, "Immigration of English
Paupers and Criminals." This is a sub
ject of vital Importance to labor, and
well worthy tha careful consideration of
the American people. The conflict be
tween capital and labor is so fierce and
bitter; the hatreds and animosities so
rank and deep-seated; the passions and
"vengeance" of the "fighting parties
wrought up to such a pitch of despera
tion, during strikes and lockouts, when
hungry workmen are met by Pinkerton
thugs, that violence is done, crimes are
con.mitted and innocent blood shed.
The presence of such elements is be
coming a mora serious menace to indi
vidua! and national safety every day. In
these awful times, made "hard" on pur
pose, by order of a national association
of free-booting bank conspirators, when
industrial armies are organizing all over
the country and prayerfully petitioning
congress for just and righteous legisla
tion is their only crime; hunted down
like dogs by marshalls, sheriffs and their
deputies; confronted by the militia with
gatling guns in every state, except where
Populists are in power; surrounded by
ragged, hungry, starving people; refused
transportation by railroad monopolies
mocked by courts; "vagged" and jailed
at the behest of capital; no relief to be
obtained; labor blockades on every hand
idleness, want, misery, destitution, suf
fering, wretchedness, squalor, vice, crime,
starvation and suicide everywhere in a
land of plenty, behold the paradox.
hell for tha poor and a heaven for the
rich. Imported criminals and paupers
augment the armies of the unemployed:
intensify the sufferings; increase the
danger; hasten the crisis. Something
more than stopping tha immigration of
thesa classes is necessary to avert the
impending danger of war between capi
tal and labor.
Arresting the generals and jailing the
leaders of tha Coxey armies on frivolous
and "trumped-up" charges, submitting
tnem to tha indignities of mock trials in
venal courts, and condemning them to
severe sentences for contempt of court
when other charges cannot ba sustained
may break up and disperse the army
contingencies and postpone the day of
reckoning. But will it cover tha naked-
nass and fill the stomachs of the foot
sore and heart-sick soldiers of fate, whose
mission is mercy, "peace and good will?"
Will it inspire them with undying
patriotism and cause them to love and
admire our noble (?) institutions? Will
it impress them with the justice and
equity of our laws, and the faithful im
partiality with which they are executed?
Will it satisfy them that everything
possible has been and will ba dona for
tha commonweal and make them per
fectly contented with their lot in life?
Or will it drive them into submission,
silence their murmerings and make
them starve in mute resignation? Will
not such treatment oft ranaatad canea
thsaj to chmsrc tba inscription on
their banners from "Glad tidings of
great joy" to "Down with plutocrats,',
"Bread or blood," eta? Echo answers:
"Something must be done to give them
work and relieve their wants or they will
discard their snow-white badges of peace
and love and shoulder arms. Then they
can ride on the cars."
When we remember: First That
every able-bodied man, woman or child
landed on our shores adds $ 1,000 to our
Second That our country is large
enough and possesses sufficient resources
to supply firBt class homes and all tha
comforts of civilization to tha inhabi
tants of the earth.
Third That under the credit clear
ance system all could be provided with
constant and profitable employment
with tha best of machinery.
Fourth That all thus provided with
work could provide themselves and all
depending upon them with all neces
saries of life, and conversely; (a) Where
no legal provisions are made for the per
manent and profitable employment of
all who want to work, there will always
be many starving in enforced idleness,
and besides, many slaving beyond hu
man endurance and still starving, in
loathesome "sweat-shops," or eking out
a miserable existence in unrequited toil
and drudgery; and (5) The greater the
density of the population the more tena
ciously and relentlessly are the natural
resources held in tha iron grasp of legal
ized monopolies, and as a result, the
greater the suffering in enforced idle
ness and the more merciless are the
taskmasters who deign to provide work
to these worse that chattel slaves; with
these facts befora us, our course of ac
tion should be clear and definite.
Of course we can stop pauper immi
gration if we decide to do so. We can,
however, just as easily enact laws that
will give every man, woman and child
constant and profitable work if they wish
Which would we better do? We need
the people to develop our wonderful re
sources and to unfold, expand and utilize
our measureless possibilities. Under a
proper industrial system they would be
an unspeakable blessing to us. Under
credit clearance I would as soon have
the paupers and criminals as to have the
lazy aristocrats, pompous plutocrats or
licentious legislators who make the
paupers and criminal s.
Be it remembered that paupers and
criminals are the products of perfidoua
and criminal legislation. Legislatures
are crime manufactories. They create
crimes and spread them all over the
country like nets to catch unfortunate
men and women in. The real criminals
are not incarcerated in penitentiaries,
and many of those who are behind bars
are the innocent victims of legislative
and judicial conspiracies under obso-
quiou Busrveilance to imperative and des
potic capitalism.. There is more in tha
expression, "Caught in the meshes of the
law," than one would at first think.
And that is what they are made for,
to catoh the unwary, not the vicious, but
to help them escape.
Let congress pass the bill to authorize
the organization of credit clearance
agencies, etc, thoroughout the United
States, and all laws for the collection of
debts or the enforcement of private con
tracts, for prohibiting pauper immigra
tion and importation of contract labor.
lien laws, eto., could be abolished and
labor would take care of itself and reap
the entire products of its efforts over
and above the non-merchantable publio
utilities. Ai I have very little confidence
in legislative bodies ever dolus
for tha benefit of the industrial j -