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THEADVO OAT 2.
courajrement to starving people as well
as minister to the caprice of those
blessed with abundance? And why is
the unconstitutionality always sprung
on proposals of substantial benefit to
the masses, while a deep and discreet
silence is preserved on measures' that
inure entirely or chiefly to the benefit
of the few, and they, the oppulent and
wealthy? For example, recent dis
patches from Washington announce
that the department of state was col
lecting information about essential oils
used chiefly in manufacturing essences,
perfumery and confection. Bigbusi
ness for a great government to be en
gaged in when starvation is abroad in
the land. Avaunt, ye populace, who
have come up to the capital seeking
work and bread! Your government is
busily engaged in the perfumery busi
ness and can't give ear to your com
plaints; on a par, though, with the
head of the government off on a fish
ing or shooting bout in times like these.
How would General Jackson have
taken a proposition to go on a hunting
expedition in his day and in the midst
of scenes similar to those that now
surround our president? I fancy I
hear him reply: "No, by the eternal 1
I have all I can encounter right here
and no time to eat or sleep and much
less for a junketing expedition."
In conclusion, listen to Senator
Teller on Coxey and his proposition to
"It was not a wicked scheme. He
(Mr. Teller) had heard propositions in
the senate that were not as sensible as
Coxey's. He had heard the senator
from Ohio (Mr. Sherman) advocate
measures on the floor of the senate
which from his (Mr. Teller's) stand
point were infinitely more objection
able, infiniteble more injurious to the
country if they had been carried out
and infinitely more indefensible than
Coxey's scheme. That scheme would
not bring to the country the hundredth
part of the distress that some legisla
tion (alluding to the silver demonetiz
mg act) had brought to it."
A Linn County Farmer.
Senator Shearer's Opinion.
Editor Advocate: Your call for
opinions as to giving the initiative and
referendum a place in our next state
platform is a move in the right direc
tion. No better step could be taken
although I would not for a moment
think of putting m that alone. A
growing new party rarely, when it sue
ceeds, accomplishes more than is de
manded in its first platform. The ten
dency is to be content with what has
brought them success ollices. Hence
a platform should embody in full the
demands of the party but deal in prin
ciples only, leaving details to law
The initiative and referendum de
serve a place and a permanent one
They have been endorsed by the party
in many of the eastern states. In Mass
achusetts last election, Populists, dem
ocrats and republicans indorsed them
But as usual the old-party candidates
when they became officers, "were not
allowed to stand on the platform."
The Omaha platform gave them a
semi-indorsement. The Knights of
Labor have indorsed and used them
or some time, and by a referendary
vote lately decided to enter the polit
ical field. Labor unions use them.
The cigarmakers' union uses both the
initiative and referendum, even elect
ing officers by a referendary vote.
The United Garment Workers make
their use compulsory i A measure can
be initiated by three or more loofl un
ions, or the general executive board.
which must so submit all questions of
general importance to a vote of the
membership. Our state Alliance rec
ommends them. The National Alii
ande recommends them for considera
But in the little republic of Switzer
land are they most fully used. From
traditions of 400 years ago they were
revived after the revolution of l&lSand
have come gradually into use in all but
one of the cantons (states) in some form
or another and also in the federal gov
ernment. As late as 1891, great ad
vancement has been made. In some of
the states its use is compulsory; in
others, optional. A petition of one
sixth of the voters is in most places
sufficient to submit any question to
popular vote. Strangely enough the
Swiss were aroused to their sense of
needed relief by the arrogance of banks,
railroads and plutocrats; but vote
after vote has silently but surely
brought relief. The control of the
railroads by a bureau of the
postoffice department stops little short
of management; there are no dupli
cated lines, no discriminations, no
cities or industries torn down or built
up by railroad corporations; the bureau
prescribes the location of the road, its
freight and passenger traflics and the
conditions of purchase in case the state
should at any time assume possession.
Mail and express and telegraphs and
telephones are also managed by post-
oftice bureaus. Bureau engineers pass
upon construction and repairs, upon
time tables, tariffs, agreements and
methods of the companies. Hence
falsification of reports, stock-watering
exchange-gambling are hampered, and
"wrecking" is unknown. The service
in all five branches is the best and
cheapest; especially is the express ser
vice so. Other of the reforms we need
have been brought about lately. All
but 2 per cent, of the revenue is now
raised by direct taxation; a graduated
property tax, income tax and inheri
tance tax, with a family exemption,
are resorted to of late. Twice since
1874 has Geneva rejected by referend
ary vote an increase of salaries. The
legislature is more of a committee to
prepare measures. Party leaders are
nothing; it is measures, not men. Every
body is a law-maker; everybody reads:
the press is ennobled; party, in a great
Even in the United States we have
much of the same principle in our sys
tem; it needs but to be developed. The
New England town meeting is our
purest democracy. The business being
previously prepared by the town board
or individuals, the voters of the town
ship assemble and dispose of often as
high as forty propositions in one day.
As a result a New England town gets
its public lighting for 62,000, while a
like town in New York pays 811,000.
Kansas has delegated away too much
power. We should, by constitutional
amendment, at once possess ourselves
of the law-making power now in the
hands of the senate, house of repre
sentatives and governor only. Not
but that in these days of haste and
bustle much might be done by repre
sentatives; but more care would be ex
ercised if every public act were liable
to be rejected by the people.
Let us have the right to frame laws
and have them submitted to popular
vote; or on petition to call in question
by vote any law now in force, and a
a great step in the reform movement
will have been taken.
A full account of this reform will ha
found in "McCracken'a History of
Switzerland,"and "Direct Legislation,"
by J. W. Sulivan, to which we are
largely indebted for details.
Oil the Handle.
Editor Advocate: Hon. Hiram
Stevens comes out in the Miami Re
publican last week in a letter purport
ing to address some "honorable" tren
tleman in Topeka, Kan., informing
that "supposed individual" that he will
not be a candidate for associate justice
of the supreme court before the Pop
ulist state convention.
In this letter of Hon. Hiram Stevens,
he charges the Populists of "trying to
defeat the will of the people of Kansas
by organizing the house of representa
tives in 1833; also, that the people will
never sanction anarchy and monarchy.
Such silly "intimations" that the
Populists were wrong in contending
that we had-as in reality and justice
and law we had elected a majority in
the lower house prove to any one who
has taken the trouble to read facts in
the case, that Hon. Hiram Stevens has
only looked at what republican papers
say to him, a dereliction of his duty to
nis teiiow man and a woeful amount
I informed Hon. Hiram Stevens my
self that he could get the Populist
house journal or the Legislative Con
spiracy at the Advocate office, which
would disabuse his mind of any error.
I have known Mr. Stevens intimately
since Who, and when I say, if he had
been chief executive of Kansas when
the Santa Fe company made its pol
luted raid on the rights of the voters of
Kansas through the paid "calamity
manufacturers" of the republican
party, human blood would have
washed the streets of our state capital
or the republicans would not have
done as they did, for he is a fighter
from way back.
Come, my good, kind-hearted Hon.
Hiram Stevens, you are lawyer enough
to know not to render a decision until
you hear the evidence of both sides.
Get the evidence and we'll see no more
of such letters from your pen.
Jim M. Kane.
The Massachusetts house of repre
sentatives, by a vote of 15l to 2, has
passed a resolution authorizing the
general court to submit laws to the
voters of the state, or to that part of
the voters affected by them. This reso
lution is in partial redemption of the
pledges to establish the referendum
made by both political parties in the
last campaign. The redemption it will
be seen is very partial. To have a ref
erendum to the people only when the
general court desires it is in every way
analogous to the referendum proposed
by the king of Belgium a year ago.
That plan was that when the king
thought that a bill could be de
feated, and desired it to be de
feated, he could refer it, but if
the common peoDle thought a
bill could be defeated and desired it to
be defeated, they should have no such
opportunity. The Massachusetts gen
eral court like the Belgian king is not
likely to demand that the rank and file
of the people be consulted upon any
measure, except in those rare cases
where the capitalistic press demands
such reference. However, the over
whelming majority by which the reso
lution was passed, seems to promise an
amendment to the constitution, recog
nizing the principle that legislation is
not truly democratic unless the opinion
of the entire public has been taken
upon it. Twentieth Centu.y.
Hood's is Good
Gcrofula Thoroughly Eradicated.
"C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass.:
"It It wltt pleasure that I cite you ths totalis
of our llttla May's sickness and her return fc
health by the us a of Hood's Bamparilla. She
Fevar and a Bad Couch.
Following this a sore cams on her right side be
iween th two lower ribs. Ia a short time an
other broke oa the left side. She would take
spells of sore mouth and whea we had succeed
ed in overcoming this she would suffer with at
tacks of high fever and expel bloody looking
efirrnntion. Hr hA waa affjiMofl mnA matt
oozedirom her ears. Altar each attack she fe
Mm wnri nf all trflahnant fntliuf tit o4v ku
relief until we began to use Hood's Sarsaparllla.
Atxor au luHt tttiieu uiitf-uau uoiuu we couiu !
that aha ail hattAr VUa omtllim (! aha
had taken three bottles. Now she looks like
The Cloom of Health
and is fat as a pl- We feel grateful, and eannot
sat too much in favor of Hood's SarsapariUa."
Mis. A. 11. Adams. Inman. Tennessee.
Hood's Pills act easily, yet promptly and
fllolently, on the liver and bowels. 25c.
A DAY OFF DUTY.
When the languor of the summer
Is fermenting in your veins,
And the blue haze of the distance
Dims the great refulgent plains,
One knows (hen how near to nature
Is the heart, and oh, how sweet
Bend the unresisting grasses
At your wandering, idle feet I
Oh, to hear the rythmio rustle
Of the wind among the corn,
And afar the wild brown thrushes,
Singing gladness to the morn,
While from unexpected places,
Striped squirrels peep and run,
And the butterflies are happy,
Juit to flutter in the sun.
Now you lie In tender shadows,
Fingers sunk earth-deep in grass,
But your half closed eyes will follow
Little winged things that pass;
Bits of down sail sun-ward gently
From the cottonwoods that shake
Out a somnolent, slow sighing,
And you sigh, too-half awake.
One forgets the endless clamor
Of the world and all the strife.
Where men unrefreshed and callous,
Have forgot the sweets of life :
lor each is his neighbor's rival,
Each one is on self intent,
So their struggling lives but end in
Bitterness and discontent.
For a blessing undivided
Works an evil, so when men
Learn that in co-operation
Good can only be, why, then,
They will find life is worth living,
And the gifts of greatest worth
Walt them, if they will stop trying
Each so hard to own the earth.
wi-vf. Tr Nam W. Hialy.
Our Stowing: Maculae.
It will pay anyone who neada a uv.
b machine to read the advertisement
of the "Advocate" machine on v&az 15.
Notice the following interesting facta:
is a high grade machine in every
It U warranted for ten years.
It is ornamental aa well as useful
It is shipped prepaid subject to th
With it you get all the eitra attach.
ments that usually bo with a hiffh-rjricd
Buy it, and eave money and hard work.
Don't fail to look over ourbooi list
under the head of premiums. Our
boots are fair bnt th
BOiaar, for educational purpewa.