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n Existing Conditions The Cause and Bemedy Editor Advocate: At no tima in tha history of civilisation have financial and social questions pressed themselves mora forcibly upon tha people for solu tion than they are doing at the present time. In this, however, as in all eubee quest periods of financial depression and social upheaval, ignorance on tha part of the masses regarding economic and social problems has stood in tha way of successful reform. Thus far in the his tory of tha world all attempts at civil government hava been defective, and have failed to protect the common peo ple for any considerable length of tima against the selfish interests, the rapacity and greed of the officers chosen to ad minister their affairs. And here in the United States of America, a country whose people boast of their superior in telligence the same stumbling block over which tha nations of tha past hava fallen is about to precipitate a revolu tion which may coat the life of the na tion. We have failed to profit by the great object lessons of tha past, and cot withstanding our boasted advancement, tha intelligence of the wage-earner must again be reached, if reached at all, through that most potent of agencies the gnawing of hunger at tha vitals of the body; the physical wants of tha body are making appeals to the reasoning faculties of tha mind; demand is made tor a satisfactory explanation of the cause which has led to tha unequal and unjust condition now existing. Thou sands, yes hundreds of thousands of willing workers, who but a few years ego were employed at profitable wages, are now idle, and in their leisure mo ments are earnestly pondering over tha situation with a view to ascertaining the cause. They observe the fact that tha unlimited resources of the country are as yet practically untouched; that tha needs of the constantly-increasing popu lation call for more rather than less of the products of labor; that there are not too many laborers, else tha resources of the country would ere this all hava been developed. They know that tha great mass of tha people who are stinting themselves for tha comforts, and in many instances for tha necessaries of life, for tha sola reason that they ara no longer able to buy them, ara in no way responsible for tha enforced idleness and suffering of tha laboring classes. With these facts befora them, a million hands scratch a million sober heads and simul taneously a million souls ara gravely propounding tha query, what then is tha cause? Bat let us continue the investigation. The wage-earner earnestly probing the question, will recognize many things that ara radically wrong; the country is convulsed with labor strikes, imperiling the lives and property of millions of peo ple; business is stagnated; labor is un employed; the prices of the produots of labor have reached the lowest point aver known in tha history of this coun try, and the wage-earner in his earnest search for the blighting influence which has produced such conditions will locate the cause in the recent money panic, coupled with similar agencies made use of by the money power for the contrac tion of the currency. A process of loan ing as a means of inflation and drawing in by way of forced collections as a . means of contraction resulting in tha fluctuation of prices, which affords op portunity for speculation, has been the settled policy of the money-holders of this country for several decades in our history. . Having noted these facts and arrived At tha above conclusions, cur earnest t::bar slitr trutn, Isciirj for tha causes which lad to tha recent strin gency in monay matters, will undoubt edly learn that when tha money panic was at its height and tha people suffer ing for money, yet unabla to borrow from tha banks (tha eourca of issue) at any rata of interest and on tha best of security; when business failures, involv ing thousands of dollars were occurring daily, and a wail of distress, occasioned by tha money dearth, was aasending from tha people, that the banks in tha Eastern cities wera holding tha largest reserves they had held for years. On making these discoveries, new light be gins to dawn upon the long-unsolved mystery; our investigator has learned how panics are caused, and following tha trend of circumstances, ha will easily divine tha object of the money landers of tha country in bringing about tha periodio money panics which have, for a long time, occurred at intervals of about ten years. He will nota tha fact that while the loaning process continues money is flush, business revives, and prices advance, at which time tha shrewd investor unloads his property holdings at a handsome advance above the previous purchase price, and loans the proceeds; and when tha available supply of cash money is all placed, or so much of it as satisfactory security can be obtained for, tha interesting part of tha program begins. Rates of interest advance; large loans on long time ara discontinued; only short time loans in small amounts can be obtained; collec tions ara forced on all loans with doubt ful security; every means available is brought in play to contract the circula tion. Tha inevitable result is stagnation cf business and falling prices. Tha investor is preparing to reap a rich harvest. As he collects his loans with tha interest compounded, he takes advantage of the low prices his anio has produced to invest in desirable prop erty. Prices ara low but he is now pre pared to pave the way for another boom, and by tha oft repeated process, with which ha has become perfectly familiar, his monied interests will be doubled, and perhaps threbled, again in the shore space of one or two years. When tha producers and wage-earners once fully realize tha fact that by means of such hell-born swindling schemes as this (made possible by national legisla tion) they have been robbed of theac cummulated earnings of years of hard labor, and hava been left at last home less and penniless, and either enslaved by a wage system which gives at best but a bare living, or whioh if possible is still worse; denied the divine right to labor for any kind of a wage by tha men who have robbed them, retribution will surely be made, and woe be to tht rob bers when tha wrath of tha despoiled is visited upon them. They will have jus tice on their side, and their causa must be vindicated. Well knowing how tha pent-up fires of indignation burn, and how, when tha hope of justice has for ever vanished, they turn to ha tred in tha end, I must still hope that wisdom and moderation will continue to hold their sway until a majority of tha great common people are sufficiently educated regarding economic and social problems to be able to recog nize tha real enemy of tha human race. When they coma to know that paying tribute in soma form has resulted in tha enslavement of the people in every at tempt at civil government which has yet been made,and when they know that a system of competition leads to social in equalities, and in tha end to tha creation of a purse-proud aristocracy, which will m&ka U33 cf tha power cf money to in Sucre lc7.:::.v.33 fsr U.3 tmuiirjs up of class interests, and whan they cava bmx fully convinced that tha present deplorable condition of society in this country, with its millionaires and Its wage slaves, its plutocrats and its pau pers, is but tha natural result and out growth of our present competitive sys tem (tha praises of whioh hava been sung by tha well-to-do and tha rich to tha laboring classes of this country from the very birth of its existence) they will then recognize tha necessity of changing from a competitive to a co-operative system, and it will then be possible in tha final readjustment of conditions to establish a government tor tha people upon tha broad basis of equal fraternal justice. The ever living truth that all men ara brothers must yet be recognized. J. C. Hobson. And This Is America. The following is from the Associated press dispatches. Fort Smith, Abk., June 20. Details of a horrible state of affairs which exists in tha mining region of tha Indian terri tory have been brought to this city by evicted miners. Tha stories they tell cf oppression, hardship and crualty to themselves, their wives and children by tha deputy marshals and federal troops ara similar to those whioh sometimes coma from Siberia. Many of tha men wera thrown bodily from their homes, their wives and chil dren beaten and bruised and their fur niture and household effects destroyed, after which they ware leaded into box cars like cattla and shipped. Tha stories of brutality told by tha men from tha Ilartshorna district ara revolting In tha extreme. August Smith, one of tha Ilartshorna miners, says troops cama to his housa and arrested him. They would not allow him to put on his shoes and coat and refused to let tha family eat break fast. The soldiers threw his furniture into a wagon and then asked Smith's wife if she wanted to go. "No," she said. ul hava worked for this home and if I leave you will hava to shoot me." "The house was built by ma and be longs to me," said Smith, "though I hava no legal title to it. "The commander ordered tha privates to put my wife and five children out. They jumped at her, one of them pull ing a knife, and took the babe from her breast. Then four or five took her and dragged her to the wagon and threw har head foremost into it. We wera then carted to tha station and put in a box car with dozens of others." Most of tha miners and families wera thrown out in a driving rain, and no time given them to dress or eat break fast. In one instance, a family of four were evicted near Anderson. The wife of the miner was struck over tha head with a Winchester and severely mal treated by tha soldiers. Tha woman was enciente at tha time, and while be ing carried to the railroad station gave prematura birth to a dead child. Sha is in a critical condition and may die. United Staias census is tha meet .. bla guido. Let ua look at it by focLl r.: itaiu Tsar. Prisoners, ofpopu-U". , 1850 fi,737 1 out of 3'!- WW lWtf 1 oat of 1.. 1870 nwi loatofl,m 1880 58JUW 1 OUt Of I v 1390 .1 OUt Of . 4vj-. "This rata of facmsa, intfawt':, , wa ara glad to nota, has cot been jzv ' tainsd, and in oca or two, for tha tiz'. : ' crimes, it has even decreed a triSs, i ' '. upon the whola tha swell hasten c: r tinuous lika ft tide that has no abb. "It h doubtkss true that thesaccr.: : figures ara cot &a bad as they lock, ru ara largely s ubjeot to explanation, trA yet, with all explanation peczibta, t' portentous fact remains that crista h rising with ft continuing swell. It h said mLstry loves company, and thz: fore it may be soma comf ort to know tl " America is net alone in -this expsri:::.: d with crime, and that soma of tha hzZl: ; European countries ara in tha . ccao category." Q en. Brinkerholl quoted from Hit ; lock Ellis's work, entitled "Tha Crim inal," in which tha Utter said: "Ti :; level ot criminality, it is wall knorn, h rising, and has been rising durirjl.'.:1 whola of tha present century, thrct; out tha civilized world. In Frtnw, i:i Germany, in Italy, in Bslgium, in S;:.br in tha United States, tha tida cf thi criminality is becoming higher akaily and rapidly." Seventh District Convention. A delegate convention of tha Peoyb'j party ot tha Seventh congressional dis trict ot Kansas is hereby called to mz: at Hutchinson, Kansas, July 25, 1801, tfc 10 o'clock ft. m. for tha purposa of pko ing in nomination a candidate for con gress, from this district, sad to shot ens) committeeman from each cf tha counties in this district. Tha basis cf representation is the same as two yean ago and is as follows: Barber 4 Barton 6 Commanche ,. 1 Ford 1 Greeley 1 (Jray 1 Hamilton l Haskell 1 Kingman 6 Kiowa 1 McPhenion 8 Morton 1 Pawnee 3 Rice 7 Keno 13 Howard 1 Htanton 1 Stafford 4 WloMta 1 Crime Increasing. The following facta show one of the natural results of the selfishness and grood of capitalism. St. Paul, Miwn , Juna 17. Tha Na tional Prison congress began its session at the capiUl last night, President Brinkerhoff making the startling state ment: "The tida of criminality is grow ing greater; it is rising with- ft continu ing swell." In his address ha said: "That crime is on the increase out ot proportion to population is indicated in many 17573, but, for tha country ?.i a r.l! V:n Clark I Kd wards 3 Finney 2 Harvey 6 Hodffiuan 1 Harper 6 Kearney 1 Lane 1 Meade 1 Ness a Pratt 6 Ruhq 3 .Sumner is Stevens,... l Sedgwick . 10 Scott 1 Grant 1 Total 123 Wa would recommend to the chairmen of such county committees as hava cot already chosen delegates to tha concrta- sional convention, to call their central committee together at once, and tr- rsngitocau a county convention lar such purpose at the earliest practical moment W. F. Browit, T. P. Mclroy, Chairman. Secretary. Eon TH DUO'S AIR PAD .BfRlftilS THE lul, CanbeworadayandKianT with perfect cooiferi, wool and clean) Any one can fit it. All Tru9 GaArante4l. Bent by mail or expr prepaid on ra ceiptofprtcetUO. Healed circulars aent on application. MAUf SMANM A DUNN 211 MadiionSt.,Chicipo. Tf. W il Ila4 rttorffaal inllum m V(rtMry VmAd. When writlngadverttsers mention Advocate T0R SALE ,n Tflrr countr In Kansaa on easy terms. Farms for rent for cash, rent to apply on par- If 1111011? ehae prlie Of farm. If 111 rUiilOMd you want to geianome lnKannaa. send for list with ruu description o f lands, etc., etc. FOR RENT J. U. BRADY, General Uanageir, Toptka, K&na. 7 C Sot oor $ Nfcnl VtatA BJrf Cir.4. I tl Hnplt Willi ylW4 (tool wlw-Jv , tyrtox. twl M MN Mw Vju3 huxi W. U itj.f