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VOL.VI.NO. 87. $1.00 A YKAK. TOPEKA, KANSAS, JULY 4, 1894. OFFICIAL STATE PAPEB, LABOR IS KING. A COMBINATION STRIKE PAEA LIZES BAILEOAD TEAPHO. The Strike Brought On by tits Pullman Oar Company's Oppression of Shop menIt Spreads Like Tire. The most gigantic railroad strike in the- history of the world ia now in pro gress, and what the result of it will be ia a question of serious concern to all classes of people. The trouble began in the shops of the Pullman Palace -Car company, near Cnicago. This company has been gradually cutting down the wages of its employes for some tin e, until the starvation point has been reached, and aa the company owns the town of Pullm an, where the shops !are located, rent and public necessaries, such as water and light, have been kept at unreasonable prices. Most of these shopmen are members of the American Railway union, and having been turned out of work, their union, on June 23, decided to boycott the Pullman rars, and in that .way se cure the assistance of other railway men of different trades to bring the Pullman company to reasonable terma. The boy cott began on certain lines June 27, but failing pa the desired effect it was soon extended to all the great roads which use Pullman cars, the orders to union men being to handle no trains withjthese cars in. Even the shopmen on the va rious roads joined in the boycott and the result ia that traffic is paralyzed on nearly all the Western roads. It is es timated that already over 40O,0UO men are idle from the effects of this strike. Most of the railroad managers stand out against the employes, claiming that they are bound by contract to pull the Pull man cars. In some cases the companies have vol untarily closed their shops, giving aa a reason that the shops can not run when trains are side-tracked. This was the case in Topeka, where the shopmen had decided to go out Monday noon, but be fore the noon .hour an order came from the general manager to shut down, and the men were saved the trouble of strik ing. The strikers' cause Beams to be under the management of Eugene Debs, presi dent cf the American Railway union. THK FIRST MOVE. Chicago, June 27. The first formal move in the boycott of Pullman cars was mads last night when all American Railway union men on the Illinois Cen tral railroad were ordered to refuse to handle trains with Pullman cars. The order wai obeyed by the switchmen and suburban service was tied up in this city, the operators in the tower at Sev enty-first street having the suburban switches mixed up. Some of the trams were run on the main lice. Two trains tied up at Grand crossing were run out under police protection. The roads so far affected by the strike at this point are the Illinois Central Santa Fe, Chi cago Great Western, Chi cago & Northern Pacific Weet Indiana, Wisconsin Central, Chicago & Eastern Illinois, Wabash, Grand Trunk, Monon and the Baltimore & Ohio. The Illinois Central has given notice that it can accept no freight of any kind. The strike has precipitated a coal fam ine on the steamboat docks, and busi ness on the river ia at a standstill. Ar rangements are being made to put hard coal on some Cf the tugs that can use it. The strike came so suddenly that it found the ooal men utterly unprepared for it, and while they have plenty of coal in the switch yards of the Illinois Central, they can not get it to the docks. Chief of Police Brennan detailed thirty men to watch the property of the Chicago & Northern Pacific in response to a call from the officials of that road. Seventy-five policemen were detailed to guard the property of the Illinois Cen tral and twelve were sent to the West ern Indiana Yards. The entire reserve force of the police department is held in readiness. When the through trains from Sioux City and on the Baltimore & Ohio road arrived at the Grand Central station the switching crews refused to back their own trains out. When the engineer of the Sioux City train pulled into the de pot he was asked to take his train back to the yards by Superintendent Kelly. He refused and both he and the fireman left the cab. Superintendent Kelly then boarded the engine and took the train down the yards himself, In every instance the road trainmen, refused to do any switching as long as the Pullman cars were attached to the train. The plan to secure aid from other or ganizations an the conduct of the fight against the Pullman company assumed definite shape to-day, and a conference of leaders of the Knight of Labor, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and American Railway jinion was held. Grand Master Workman Sovereign, of the Knights; President Debs, of the American Railway union; Secretary Arnold, of the Locomotive Engineers, were all present. THE GENERAL SITUATION. Chicago, June 29. President Debs to-day issued an address to the railway men of America . setting forth the causes and objects of the present strike. In his address he says: "The struggle with the Pullman Continued on page 13. THEIR ATONEMENT. LEAVING THE BEPTJBLIOAN PABTY WITH ITS BEGGED OP CRIME. Morrill and Blue, Republican Candidates, Denounced by Delegates to the Con vention That Nominated Them. In support of the assertion that some of the ablest men the republican party contained are leaving that party eince the state convention, we reproduce the following letters containing expressions of three of them, W. P. Hackney, T. J. Rude and John A. Morton. The first two were delegates to the Morrill con vention, Mr. Hackney having been on the platform committee of that conven tion. In 1802, he vaa chairman of their state convention. There are many more to follow: HACKNEY TO BLUE. La w Office of W. P. Hackney, ) W infield, Kas., June 18, 180-1 ) Hon. U, W, Blue, I'kaaanton, Karuas. Dear Sir: In a report of yourspeech made at Kansas City, Kaa., Saturday evening, aa published in the Kansas City Journal yesterday morning, 'you are made to say: "That you like the national platform on the money ques tion." In this I presume you refer to the na tional Minneapolis platform of there publican party. Is this so, and do you still adhere to that platform? Inasmuch as the Kansas City Journal is your friend I presume you will an swer in the affirmative. If this is so, is there any difference in your position now and that of John Sherman and the other members of the republican party of this congresrwho have gone off after Grove r Cleveland on the money ques tion? If this is so,' then what have you to say to the last par agraph of the money clause of the platform upon which you was nominated which provides for the open ing of the mints of this country to the coinage of American silver? In other words, do you construe that to mean, aa it was intended (as I understand it) that the American, product should be coined at the ratio of 16 to 1, or do you mean it shall be coined at the ratio evi denced by the bullion value of the two metals. An open and fair declaration on your part in response to these interrogatories is in order at this time in view of your past political declarations on this ques tion, as well as your declaration on last Saturday evening, and aa an old-time friend, who has when possible testified t he same personally, I think I am enti tled td an answer without any equivo- cation or hesitancy. I want to know, if you shall be elected to congress, what I may expect from you on this question. I was cot in f aver cf your nomination at the late conven tion because cf your well known prior financial a&nti mcnta, but I waa led to believe by your friends that the adoption of the platform referred to would meet with your hearty approbation, and that you would enter into the campaign in accordance with the spirit of the coin age declaration therein contained. I know that the republican party has been wrong on this question and seri ously and radically wrong, and twenty years of disastrous and adverse experi ences ought to convince the moot skep tical of that fact. But these disasters have been so terriffio of lata that it seemed to me that the leadership of the party must face from the breakers in front of whither we are drifting, and steer for the broad and deep ocean of the rehabilitation of silver, and as a step I in the direction I thought the Kansas plank would be a bridge to tide us over from the mistakes of '02 to the successful issues of 9Q, from the single gold standard of '92 to a broad statea- mana-like bimetallism of 9G aa enacted into law prior to the crimes of 1873 and those following whereby silver w&a stricken down. But if you are correctly reported in the Journal you are now where John Sherman, Ben Harrison, and the other cuckoos in the republican party, who do Grover Cleveland's bidding on this money question are, and you are not ia accord with the great mass of Kansas " republicans and ought to be defeated at the polls in November next. As much as it would grieve me to see a confederate soldier defeat you this year, there araworse political mistakes than voting for ex-confederate soldiers now, and to vote for a man who was in the confederate Army thirty years ego, wrong though he may have been then, who ia richt n ow on this great question, ia far better for the American people than to vote for a man who wbj right thirty years ago and fought in the Union army, who ia wrong now and with Eng land on this question; and I believe that it were better for the republican party to suffer defeat cow on this money question, handicapped aa it ia by Eng lish and Grover Cleveland combinations, whereby it might learn some eense, than to have it win cow cn these issues in order to strand the party in 1806, and I would rather coe you beaten now than to have your voice added to that cf tha gang in congress who are manipulates the republican party under the guiding hand of English domination. How a man cf your ability, with the Cwiinwd on pact 8 . rr""""