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VOL.YI, NO. 34. $1.00 A YEAR. OFFICIAL INVESTIGATION. TOE ONCE LAEOE 13 GETTING A BESPEOTIUL HEARING. Some Startling Testimony Before the Presidential Strike Committee Con cerning the Oppression of Eailway and Shop Employes. Chicago, Auguft 20. The commission appointed by the president to investi gate the Pullman strike, began its work in the government building on the 15th. It ia composed of Labor Commissioner Carroll D. Wright; John D. Kernan, of New York, and N. E. Worthington, of Illinois. The first witness was G. W. Howard, vice president of the American Railway union, who recited the history of events which lad up to the strike. lie said the labor leaders were aware that the railroads had contracts with the Pullman company, but that those con tracts were in violation of the interstate commerce lw and were not binding. The railroad managers 'joined with the Pullman's to force the shop workmen to terms. J. R. Sovereign, of the Knights of Labor, also testified, and for once official representatives of the govern ment heard the laborer's side of the trouble. Several sessions were held dur ing the week. Roy M. Goodwin, a director of the American Railway union, and Thomas J. Heathcote, chairman of the Pullman mediation committee, were interesting witnesses. Goodwin, after a long ex amination regarding the recent strike, declared that each troubles could be avoided by nationalizing railroads and all other extensive corporations and in dustries, lie declared he was a Bel lamyite. Prof. E. W. Bemis, associate professor of political economy in the Chicago uni versity, w?3 a witness. He advocated as a strike preventative, a national and per manent board of arbitration. He cited the Massachusetts board reconciliation aa an evidence of the good effect that such an organization would have, but said that a national arbitration board should have a wider scope and be en dowed with greater powers than the Massachusetts board. Prof. Bemis said he had studied the great railroad strike and its causes, and was very closely questioned by the commissioners. A number of railroad employes were ex amined, all of whom testified to having applied for work in different parts of the country since the strike, only to discover that they had been blacklisted because of tht part they had taken in the boy cott. Mr. P. a Mills, a Baltimore & Ohio AT I TOPEKA, KANSAS, engineer of Garnett, Ind, was calle and testified that he was discharged on July 14, and told that he was not to be employed again. Since then he sent a letter to W. G. Brinaon, president of the Illinois Steel company, asking for em ployment. In a few days, Mr. Brinson replied that if the application had been received a week before he would have been glad to employ Mills, but now he had been informed of Mills' prominence in the American Railway union, and therefore, could not employ him. James B. Conners, a switohman, who had worked on the Grand Trunk road, testified that he had made application for work to the Union Stock Yards and Transit company and was refused. The official to whom he applied told him that no man who had ever served on labor committees would be given work. Charles Naylor, fireman and engineer and a member of the A. R. U., came next. He was dismissed June 28, from the Pennsylvania lines, and knew that he was blacklisted because a general superintendent had told a friend of the witness that he could not get work. Mr. Naylor said that the workingmen would have no confidence in a perma nent board of arbitrators, whether elected or appointed. He thought a new board should be appointed for each rase. 'These officials get too far away from the people," said Mr. Naylor. Miss Jennie Curtise, president of the Girls' union at Pullman, testified in the afternoon. Her father had been in the employ of the Pullman company for fifteen years, until shortly before his death, last year. He was delinquent in his rent to the amonnt of 8G0. The company compelled her to aaiume the debt and sign a contract to pay it out of her waes at the rate of $3 per week. Some weeks she had so little left from her wages that she could not pay board. In 1893 the company was paying its girls 22H cents an hour for sewing, and the poorest seamstress earned $1 50 a day. Before the strike the best of them had got down to 70 or 80 cents a day, while the poor needle women could make only 10 to CO cents. Mr. Heathcote was questioned at length as to the causes of the strike and related instanr3s of what he considered the company's tyranny. He said that one of the workmen had been struck in the face by another, and that when the assaulted man attempted to prosecute his assailant he was told by his foreman to drop proceedings or he would be dis charged. The witness said that about 4,000 men struck at Pullman and that each paid $1 to the A. R. U. Mary Abbott Wood, one of the women strikers, was called, and said that the Continued on page 12. 3 fni AUGUST 22, 1894. ADVANCE THOUGHT. Thd Radical and Startling Address of the the Pan-American Bimetallic League. On behalf of the Pan-American Bi metallic league, President Fisk, of Colo rado, has sent a notable statement to the special senate committee which is supposed to be investigating the indus trial deprecsion in the United States. He says: "One or two more panics will find this country in the condition of Rome and other extinct republics when they went down. There was no necessity for issu ing a government bond and every one issued, whatever the purpose might have been, results in the robbing of the people to the full extent of the issue. Why should we be taxed from 50,000 to $150, 000 a year for thirty years on bonds in order to maintain a basking system, whioh was conceived in sin, born in iniquity, nurtured in conspiracy and ripened into treason 7 Why should we be compelled to ubo a demonetized bank bill and a demonetized treaiury note when the government has the power to issue fall legal tender money? With an honest issue of money the people could not be plundered 1 billion or more dol lars each year and there would be no occasion to pay those who conspired to have this nation the repository of their surplus money 4 or 5 million a year for taking care of their imaginary gold re serve. "The bonding of nations and the issue of demonetized currenoy are recent in ventions, but many nations have of late years fallen prey to this new device; they must in consequence repudiate or return to barbarism. The creditors who are confiscating the property of the nation cry "inflation" when the oppressed debtor asks for honest money with free coinage of silver and the remonetization of the paper issues. Inflation, indeed! With 25 cent wheat, 5 cent cotton, 2 cent beef, GO cents for a day's labor, our money will be "staple" when the Ameri can farmer, planter and laborer are re duced to the condition of the serfs of other countries under the financial dominion of Old England. "It ia sinrarely to be hoped that con gress is in earnest in its efforts to learn the cause cf the present disturbed conditions, and is ready and willing to apply the proper measures for relief, and that no further attempts will be made to deceive the people by dia. tracting their attention from the real issues, as has been done by discussions ef the bloody shirt, the seal question, the force bill, the Chinese question, the Canadian railroads and canals, the om nipresent tariff and the proscription of one religions denomination, known ta the A. P. A. caoTsmsnt; but that bra OFFICIAL STATE PAPEfi. have b3en enacted which will brinj prosperity to all the people instead of a very few. It would seam that con gress has already legislated in the inter ests cf the creditor class far beyond the bounds of safety, and should take warn ing lest the people, who are fast becoming aroused to the real cause of the diCl oalty, may take matters into their own' hands and elect both a congress and a chief executive who will be their ser vantsnot their masters. With that day will come real prosperity, through the introduction into our statutes of justice to all classes, whioh may bo par tially and briefly summarized aa follows: "The remonetization of silver to 15 to 1. All money issues by the govern ment direct. All demonetized money to be called in and full legal tender money issued in lieu thereof. One money for the bondholder, creditor, debtor, office holder, importer and banker. The es tablishing of postal savings banks. "The adoption of the initiative and the referendum. This would prove fa tal to that political evilthe lobby. Bribery would be an unsafe investment when the people themselves Instead of a corrupt legislative body held the de cisive ballot "The power to coin money and regu late the value thereof to be taken from congress by a constitutional amend ment. History has demonstrated that it is unsafe to entrust a legislative body with the power to pauperize and en slave the people. In like manner the power to enact tariff legislation will be taken from congress, a commissioner ap pointed free from all influences to draft revenue laws, which, when finally adopted (by the voice of the people) they cannot be modified, changed or re pealed by a given period of time, and then only by a direct vote of the people, thus allowing the business interests of the country to adjust themselves to its provisions. This will prevent syndi cates from combining to elect presidents of the United States and a congress with the understanding that certain tariff legislation will be enacted. "The last general election is an awful warning against this pernicious prac tice, when one syndicate was promised the repeal of the purchasing clause of the Sherman law, that it might speculate not only with silver bullion, but with every other commodity. Another syn dicate with options on the surplus in wool in some foreign country wool was to be placed on the free list, that a profit of 10 cents a pound may be secured to the syndicate. Another combination secured options 'on the coal Celdj of Nova Scotia and British . Columbia and coal was to become free. Still another with options on the iron mines cf Cuba; thii country was to be treated Continued cm yajfl a.