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The advocate. (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, September 26, 1894, Image 3

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85032018/1894-09-26/ed-1/seq-3/

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THE ADVOOATa
3
have the Winchester's deadly crack as
wage slaves are made to know their
places; instead of the eloquence of
Adams, Webster or Choate, we have
the lobbyists of the trusts and the spe
cial pleas of the paid attorneys of class
privilege; instead of a prosperous and
contented people, we have misery, un
rest and despair. Instead of states
men seeking to remedy these intolera
ble evils, they at once deny their ex
istence and say they are natural and
inevitable and to grumble at them is a
crime.
Washington's and Jefferson's resi
dences could be reproduced to day for
two or three thousand dollars each, but
none were homeless then in America.
One of me Vanderbilts has six resi
dences in this country, costing from
1 to 5 million dollars each, and a palace
in London; but 1)4 per cent, of the
residents in New York city are ten
ants, and nearly one-fourth live in
cellars or in single rooms, while the
forcible evictions number 30,000 yearly.
Sometimes a sick nation does not
die, but discharges its quack doctor
statesmen, takes a dose of gunpowder
and a bath of fire, expels its parasites,
and at least partially recovers, as
France did, a century ago.
Watchman, what of the night?
THE WIN FIELD CASE.
The Non-Partisan "Medical Journal" Calls It
Political Mild.
A political supplement of the Topeka
Lance, of September 1, 1894, contains
eight columns or more denouncing cer
tain operations of Dr. Pilcher at the
Asylum for Idiotic and Imbecile
Youth, established by the state at the
city of Winfield. It appears from the
face of the article that there were cas
trations of several boys who had been
long confirmed in a vicious habit,
which had not yielded to prior treat
ment, and which operations had been
openly discussed and intelligently con
sidered by Dr. Pilcher and other medi
cal men, and which had been sanc
tioned and advised by a council of
capable and efficient physicians. The
whole trend of the article alluded to
was not in the interest of the science
of health or right living, but had for
its one supreme objecfthe political
purpose to envenom the voter against
the administration under whose reign
these operations were accomplished.
It is hardly considered the province of
a medical journal to seek opportuni
ties to reply to campaign documents,
but when they involve the honor and
standing of the medical profession, it
is necessary as a matter of defense,
and the ordinary tribute demanded of
a professional man to his profession.
It appears by the statement of Dr.
Wiles, a former superintendent, that
several of the persons operated on had in
his time been inmates, had long been
addicted to the vice, and notwithstand
ing a course of treatment by him,
which he designates as moral suasion,
and consisting of good fatherly advice
mingled with the persuasiveness of a
straight jacket, these still persons con
tinued to be under complete dominion of
that vice, and riveted more firmly to it
by the emasculated body and enervated
mind that are necessarily incident to
long continued processes of that kind.
The article clearly discloses that moral
suasion as practiced by Dr. Wiles in
such cases was absolutely ineffective,
and cost the state the expense of con
stant attendance to simply prevent
and not to cure. The testimony un
disputed throughout this article is aa
it had to be, if they proposed to epeak
ex cathedra, that a surgical operation
is a sure and lasting cure; that from
the time of the operation the body,
shorn of a diseased and brutal func
tion, recovers and gets strong; that
the mind, if the lapse has not been too
extreme, also recovers and resuscitates
all there is of the man to be saved.
Dr. Pilcher met this state of affairs
when he took charge. He had the fu
tile methods and experiences of, Dr.
Wiles before him. He could have con
tinued the same treatment and so
could his successors, in the end having
for the state, relatives and society,
idiocy and total bestiality, but without
mayhem. Dr. Wiles was in charge
four years and eight months, and it is
no unjust criticism to say with such
poor results from his course of moral
suasion, he ought to have changed
the treatment, more straight jacket
and probably less advice, or vice vena.
One thing is certain: prevention was
all he sought at a constant expense to
the state, and with increasing disa
bility and a stronger passion as the
habit continued.
Dr. Filcher, like a brave and capable
man, sought something better. There
could be much saved from such wrecks,
lie could give back a restored mind
and robust health, a bestial function
destroyed, and he did it. He called
around him a council of competent
medical men; they determined on the
operations, for here was cure, and the
operations were performed, and for
which he should have the profound
respect and acknowledgment of the
state, humanity and kindred.
This political article has sought
among physicians for anathema, and
found Dr. Wilbe'r, of Kalamazoo,
Mich., who declares that such opera
tions are unlawful, unjustifiable, and
physicians who counsel or practice it
should be lodged in the penitentiary,
and who declares it unlawful in most
states. These" operations are old as
the profession, are the remedy, and
only remedy, for extreme and repro
bate cases, recognized as legitimate in
the profession, and constantly practiced
by men eminent in standing and learn
ing. If any state or nation has de
clared it unlawful and punishable for
the physician to make such an opera
tion as a remedy for this devastating
vice, and forbids him under the dis
pleasure of its laws from so doing, we
have not been informed of it. There
may be, but Dr. Wilber must not con
found the punishment meted out to
offenders who, for some malevolent
purpose, commit this sort of mutila
tion on the possessor of a sound mind
in a sound body.
These operations are occurfingcon
stantly under the trained eye of skilled
physicians, and all honor to the de
voted man who seeks cure and restora
tion, and gives back to the state a re
stored citizen, to society an ornament
instead of a burden, and who restores
him to friends and family clothed in
his right mind, robbed only of a beastly
and execrated curse.
It is one thing to fling ordinary
political mud, and it is another thing
to denounce proper conduct and en
lightened methods to accomplish the
change of a few votes. Kansas Medi
cal Journal, September 8.
United States Gold and Silver Coim.
So many inquiries are leceived rela
tive to the changes In United
States coins that we presenthere a con
densed statement of the facts derived
from the article on "coins" in the
American cyclopedia.
In 178G congress provided for tho
issue of the following gold and silver
coins: The eagle to contain 24G.2G3
grains of fine gold, value $10, and the
half eagle in proportion. The silver
dollar to contain 375.04 grains of fine
silver; a half dollar, double dime and
dime in proportion.
Uy the law of April 2, 1792, the gold
and silver coins were made as follows:
Gold, the eagle of 810, to weigh 270
grains, the half eagle and quarter
eagle in proportion, 916 thousandths
fine. Silver, the dollar to weigh 416
grains, the half dollar, quarter dollar,
dime and half dime in proportion, the
fineness to be 892.4 thousandths.
The same act declared the dollar to
be" the unit of federal money, and di
rected that all accounts should be kept
in conformity to the decimal system.
June 28, 1834, the weight of the eagle
was reduced to 258 grains, 232 grains
of which were fine gold. This was an
increase of 6.(58 per cent, on the former
value of gold as compared with silver,
which remained unchanged.
January 18, 1837, the French stand
ard of fineness was adopted, .9 fine for
both gold and silver. The weight of
gold coins remained as fixed in 1834,
and the silver dollar was made to con
tain 412a grains, and the lesser silver
coins in proportion.
lly the act of March 3, 1849, there
were added to the gold coins the double
eagle and the dollar; and by the act of
February 21, 1853, the three-dollar
piece. JJy the act of March 3, 1851,
there was added to tho silver coins a
three-cent piece (a legal tender for
sums not exceeding 30 cents) of the
fineness of .75 and 12 grains in
weight. April 1, 1853, its fineness was
raised to .9, the standard for other sil
ver coins and its weight was reduced
to 11.52 grains,
liy the act of February 21, 1853, im
portant changes were made in the sil
ver coinage. Pre-existing laws made
both gold and silver coins (except the
three-cent piece) a legal tender for any
amount. At the ratio of silver to gold
of 10 to 1, silver was undervalued in
the United States as compared with
Europe, and our silver coins were
largely exported. The remedy pro
vided was a seigniorage upon the silver
coins, and making these smaller, then
provided for a legal tender only for 85.
The weight of the half dollar was re
duced from 20014 grains to 192 grains
and the smaller coins in proportion.
The government ceased coining silver
for individuals, but purchased silver at
the market price and made the coins
for government account. The silver
dollar remained 412 grains of stan
dard silver and it continued to be a
legal tender to any amount.
Dy the act of February 12, 1873, the
gold and silver coins were made as fol
lows: Gold, a one-dollar piece, 25.8
grains, which was made the unit of
value; a quarter eagle, or two-and-a-half-dollar
piece, 01.5 grains; a three
dollar piece, 77.4 grains; a half eagle,
or five-dollar piece, 129 grains; an
eagle, or ten-dollar piece, 258 grains,
and a double eagle, or twenty-dollar
piece, 510 grains. These were legal
tender for any amount.
The silver coins specified in this law
were a "trade dollar," 420 grains; a
half dollar, 192.9 grains; a quarter dol
lar and a dime, respectively one-half
and one-fifth the weight of the half
dollar all the above .9 fine. These
silver coins were a legal tender for any
amount not exceeding five dollars. It
was by this act that the standard silver
dollar of 412 grains was dropped
from the coinage of the country.
1 no iuma-Aiiioa act was passes
For Tired Mothers
"I feel very thank
ful for what H.ood'3
Sarsaparilla has dona
forme. IhavoUkea
three bottles and iho
medicine has Jnado ft
great change. I TO
a!I Run Down
from trouble and
overwork, and had
other complaints com-
.! riHk - JO? mon to my sex at my
SV u till If lLt ysfc age, 41 years. Now
Eirs. O. W. Warnock since taking Ilood's
Sarsaparilla I am much stronger and am gain
ing In flesh. I would advise all overworked,
tired, weak mothers to tako Ilood's Sarsa
parilla to build them up." Mks. G. W. War
nock, Beverly, Nebraska. Iienieniber,
Hood's? Gores
11 i
Hood's Pills act easily, yet promptly and
efficiently, on the liver and bowels. 25c.
over the veto of President Hayes Feb
ruary 28, 1878. It restored the standard
silver dollar of 412 grains to the
coinage, and authorized and directed
the secretary of tho treasury to pur
chase, from time to time, silver bullion
at its market price, not less than 2
million dollars' worth per month and
not more than 4 million dollars'
worth per month, and cause the same
to be coined monthly, as fast as so
purchased, into standard silver dollars,
which were again made a legal tender
for all debts and dues except where
otherwise expressly stipulated in tho
contract.
Under this law, which remained in
force up to the adoption of the so
called Sherman law of July 14, 181)0,
tho secretary of the treasury always
exercised the discretion which the
law gave him to purchase and coin the
minimum amount provided for.
Uy tho act of July 1 1, 1800, the secre
tary of the treasury was directed to
purchase y2 million ounces of silver,
or so much thereof as might be olTered,
at tho market price thereof, not ex
ceeding $1 for 371.25 grains of pure
silver, each month, and to issue in
payment for such bullion United
States treasury notes, redeemable on
demand in coin, and a legal tender in
payment of all debts public and pri
vate, except where otherwise expressly
stipulated in the contract.
Section 2 of this act provided that
upon demand of the holder of any of
these notes the secretary of the treas
ury should redeem the same in either
gold or silver coin at his discretion.
Section 3 provided that he should coin
each month 2 million ounces until
July 1, 1801, and after that time as
much as might be necessary for tho
redemption of the notes. As the secre
tary invariably exercised the discretion
given him by section 2 to redeem the
notes in gold, he never found it neces
sary to coin any of the bullion after
July 1, 1891.
The purchasing clause of this act of
July II, 1800, was repealed at the spe
cial session of congress in 181)3, and
this is the status of the silver question
at this time. There is now no law
requiring either the coinage of silver
or the issue of any more treasury notes
for the purchase of bullion.
Six Thousand Square Miles of Wealth.
The vast fertile valleys of the two Indian
reservations in northeastern Utah, soon to
be opened to settlers, comprise about 3K
million acres of the finest agricultural and
ffiasinn land. The direct line to Uintah
and Uneompabgre reservations is by tha
union x icjao system via nxno ana x'axz
City. E. I Lomax.
Q. P. & T. A., U. P. System, Omaha, Neb.
Whea writing; to our cdvsrticsrs al
v;zi s riha its A dvccatk.

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