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The advocate. (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, September 26, 1894, Image 4

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TISE ADVOQATB.
AIJD TOPEKA TEIBUIIB.
OFFICIAL STATE PAPER.
it. n, s. A.
PUBUSHBD SVXBT WBDJJXSDAV. BT
THE ADVOCATE PUBLISHES CDUPAOT,
Eoomi 43 and 49 Knox Building,
XOPZXA, - KAJfSAS,
$1.00 PEIt YEAH.
ADY2ERTI2JXK9 RATX3.
For ilajile insertion : Display matter, 20 eenti
per line, u lines to the tacn. Bea41n$ notlcas,
40 c-snts per Una. Discount for long-fixat eon-racoa.
(Ind. Rural Press Asaoo'n,
P. O.VAaViair.MzT.
Boyea Building.
Entered at tba poitofflceat Topek,nanaai,ai
eoona cmm mawer.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1894.
FOR CONGRESSMEN.
Pint district H. C. Solomon
Second district Frank L, Willard
Third district T. J. Hudson
Fourth district 8. M. Scott
TMfth rilatrlnt John DaviS
Sixth district William Baker
Seventh district Jerry Simpson
At-Large. W. A. Harris
state orncicss.
For Goyernor. L. D. Lewelling
For Associate Justice George W. Clark
For Lieutenant Governor v. i. r uruecs.
For Secretary of State. J. w. Amis
For Andltor of State Van B. Prather
For Treasurer of State W. H. Blddle
For Attorney General John T. Little
For Superintendent of Public Instruction
II. N. Gaines
Bithe way has anyone heard Diok Blue
deolaro himself in favor of the free coinage
of ellrer at 16 to 1. Lawrenoe Journal.
Alas! no. Diok says the question of
ratio is a mere matter of detail, and
it is not worth while to talk about it
now.
If those Populists who are so gen
eronsly contributing to the support
of the Kansas City Star were aware
of the fact that the republican state
central committee is a much more
liberal patron of the vile sheet, their
generosity might subside. The said
committee has paid for 100,000 copies
of the Star.
Whsnivzb the republican party is
in a hopeless minority it usually pur
sues one sensible line of policy; that
ia, it abandons the money power and
appeals to the good sense and pa
triotism of the common people.
That's why the republicans of Mis
souri are so emphatically demanding
free coinage of silver.
Tin scam law unconstitutional,
Judge J. S. West of the Sixth judi
cial district, has decided the screen
law passed by the last legislature un
constitutional1 So that ends there
lisf which the overworked and ill
p:d miners supposed they were to
cl t-jn from one of the ccct crV
';?.-- c?.i r&rrsi- to which; irara'
subject. All that is necessary in
these days, when the people revolt
against any encroachment of capital
and secure the passage of a law by
the legislature to remedy the evil, is
for the capitalist to get the law into
court, and that most wonderful in
strument, the "constitution," makes
short work of it Who says this is
not a government by the people and
for the people T
AMERICAN MONEY IN MEXICO.
We have received a letter from
Professor O. P. Judd, under date,
Hoxie, Kas., September 17, in which
he says:
Bernard Kelly spoke here on the 15th and
said: "I was in the city of Mexico last July.
I went into a bank and put five standard
silver dollars on the oounter, asking for
Mexican money in exchange, and they gave
me ten Mexican dollars, containing 322
grains' of pure silver. I afterwards offered
them an American twenty dollar silver cer
tificate, and they gave ma thirty-nine and
one-half Mexican dollars each of 322 grains
of pure silver in exohange.' He explained
that Mexico has ruined its finanoial condi
tion by free and unlimited coinage of
silver.
It seems that Mr. Eelly is making
this a great point in his speeches, as
we have received reports of his state
ments from several other places, and
it may therefore be well to puncture
his little bubble and let the wind out
of it.
In the first place, either Mr. Judd
misunderstood Mr. Kelly, or Mr.
Kelly does not know the weight of
the Mexican dollar. The old Mexi
can dollar contained 416 grains of
silver, .9 fine, and therefore con
tained 374.4 grains of pure silver.
The Mexican dollars coined since
1873 contain 417.48 grains, and the
American cyclopedia states the fine
ness at .903. Practically, therefore,
we may consider the fineness equi
valent to American standard silver
and the Mexican dollar now contains
375.732 grain3 of pure silver.
It is a fact that United States
money commands a premium in
Mexico; and $1 of United States
money of any kind will bring at the
Mexican banks nearly, if not quite, $2
of Mexican silver, which is the money
of that country. It is not for the rea
son, however, that Mr. Kelly states.
How he, or any other person can get
an argument out of the facts in this
matter to sustain any republican
theory of money ia one of the un
solved mysteries. The republican
theory is that money is intrinsic value
that our metalio dollar must con
tain a dollar's worth of metal in
order to make it a dollar; and yet
our United States silver dollar con
taining 412 grains is worth at the
Mexican banks two Mexican dollars
each containing 417.48 grains. What
becomes of the intrinsic value idea in
view of this fact, and what is it that
makes the smaller United States dol
lar worth two of the larger Mexican
dollars? Will the gentleman ex
plain t
Mr. Kelly is not honest in the use
of his facts. He does not tell the
whole truth. He only tells that part
of the truth that he can distort into
eszvice of his selfish political pur
j:czz3. Why did he exchange hia
Unit:! Sbtea-money for Mexican
money when he was in Mexico? Why
did not somebody think to ask him
this question? If he could buy as
much in Mexico with one of our dol
lars as with two Mexican dollars, why
did he burden himself with two
heavy Mexican silver dollars in ex
change for it ' Why did he exchange
his $20 silver certificate for 139.50
Mexican silver? The fact is, the
Mexican silver dollar is a legal ten
der for all purposes in Mexico, and
one dollar of Mexican silver will pay
a dollar's worth of hotel bill or rail
road fare, or buy a full dollar's worth
of any commodity in the Mexican
market. United States money is not
legal tender there and does not cir
culate in Mexican marts any more
than Mexican money does here. Mr.
Kelly, therefore, simply exchanged
his money for money of the country
and obtained the premium which
Mexico is compelled to pay for gold;
and the next question to consider is
the motive of the Mexican banks in
making such an exchange.
Mexico is a very large importing
nation. She buys every year much
more than she sells, and there is
always a large balance of trade
against her. This trade too is mostly
with gold standard countries, and
gold has to be secured with which to
pay this balanca Now while the
United States silver dollars are not
directly redeemable in gold in this
country, they are readily convertible
here into greenbacks, and treasury
notes issued in the purchase of silver
bullion under the Sherman law of
1890, and it has been the uniform
practice of this government to redeem
these in gold, so that every dollar of
United States money of any kind
that the Mexican banks can buy is a
means in their hands of securing
gold with which to meet the Mexican
balances of trade. It is true it
costs them a heavy premium, but
they are compelled to have it, and
this is the penalty they pay to the
gold mongers because of the general
demonetization of silver throughout
the world. It amounts to the same
thing precisely as though the agents
of the Mexican government should
bring their silver here for the direct
purchase of gold. On its arrival here
it would bring just its bullion value
in the market no more. What
Mexico is suffering from is an unwise
and suicidal industrial and commer
cial system. It is not free coinage of
silver that hurts her; it is the failure
to produce what she needs to con
sume, or to produce an quivalent that
she can exchange for what she can
not produce. Mr. Kelly, instead of
proving that free coinage of silver
has "ruined the finanoial condition
of Mexico," has only furnished an
other proof of the systematic robbery
which the gold conspirators are able
to practice, by the general adoption
of their policy, upon the people of
every nation under the sun. As
suming Mr. Kelly's position to be
correct and, of course, the republi
can opposition to free coinage in this
country would be consistent. What,
then, of Major Morrill who says he is
in favor of the free coinage of our
American product at the ratio of 16
to 1 ? Would it not be well for Mr.
Kelly and Mr. Morrill to get to
gether? Mr. Kelly also says that Mexican
miners only receive 75 cents per day
"in Mexican dollars of depreciated
value." His statement is misleading.
The Mexican dollar ia not depre
ciated in comparison with the com
modities the miner has to purchase
with it. It is only depreciated in
comparison with gold, the great high
way robbery of the world.
But over and above all other con
siderations, the extreme absurdity of
Mr. Kelly's position is in the attempt
to make political capital out of a
comparison of such a country as Mex
ico with such a country as the United
States, in any respect whatever.
That wages are extremely low in
Mexico is true, but not lower than
they will be in this country if the
policy of the past thirty years is pur
sued much longer.
ROBUST HYPOCRISY.
The Kansas City Times gives the names
and locations of forty-three saloons run
ning openly in violation of law at Kansas
City, Kas. It cannot be pretended by
the reform administration that these plaoes
are unknown to the metropolitan police
whioh are directly under oontrol of, and
responsible to the state administration.
Capital, September 21.
Oan it be pretended that they are
unknown to the republican county
attorney of Wyandotte county and
the republican city government of
Kansas City? Section 2543 of the
revised statutes makes the county at
torneys of the ' several counties the
yery first officers upon whom the
duty is imposed to see that the pro
hibitory law is enforced. If these
places are running wide open as it is
pretended they are, why don't your
republican county attorney do his
duty and close them up? It re
quires an everlasting amount of
gall to be constantly referring to
these violations of law and charging
them up to the Populist administra
tion wnen the very office upon which
the law imposes the duty to suppress
such things is m the hands of your
own party. Such hypocritical cant
is too thin to deceive anybody.
HOW THKY DIFFER.
If a poor woman takes a loaf of
bread to keep her children from
starving she is a commoa thief and
the protection of society requires
that she be "sent up."
If a rich woman steals goods from
the counter of the merchant she is a
kleptomaniac; and this disease is
now charged with still another of
fense. The daughter of a wealthy
Ghicagoan, a certain Miss Ellsworth,
was recently arrested in that city on
the charge of forgery. It appears
that she had deliberately forged a
check and drawn the money on it,
and the friends of the family now
say: "The young woman is a klep
tomaniac, if ever there was one." Of
course, it would not do to have the
daughter of one of Chicago's wealthy
citizens designated as a common
forcer. This would be too awfully
awful to think of.
Which way is that tidal wave of
DrosDerity sroine? It hasn't come
thiawayyet.

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