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14 Gathered Thoughts: The Province of the Church. Wbila not agreeing with many things in the following communication, it baa liter ary merit and its publication may awaken discussion along certain Unea that might perhaps be profitably pursued. Ed.j Make unto yon, friends of the mammon of iniquity, that when you shall fall they may receive you Into everlasting dwellings. Come unto Me all that labour and are bur dened, and I will refresh you. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Editor Advocate: In various issues it haa been stated that it is the province cf the church to take part in political strife for the purpose of reform; that Romanism and Episcopacy are the only churches which exercise ecclesiastical or clerical control in politics;- that the .church did not aid in the abolition of slavery and that Oar Lord was a polit ical reformer whose kingdom we may look for in this world. Permit me, please, to add merely a thought on gen eral principles to each of these state ment?, for these are subjects too vast to be treated of briefly. While the widespread distress existing over our land, and the intermittent struggles of employers and employes, are matters which appeal to the consid eration and sympathy of all, as they are concerns of oommon humanity, and the relief and peaceful settlement of these should be the first thought and the first work of all who have the power. Yet this and the means and measures which will prevent a recurrence of such de plorable conditions are essentially the province of the state, not of the church. In other times and countries the church not infrequently acted as mediator, ar bitrator and even as judge, speaking for the people who had little or no voice in the government, but in this country there is not and should not, be any union of churctf and state, and in theory at least the government ia by the people, it is the duty of the state to do this; and by the state is meant the representatives of the people and the people themselves. There can be no question of its right and duty to act as compulsory arbitrator between the cor porata greed entrenched behind its ac cumulated millions and its workmen de pendent upon it for a bare subsistence, when these struggles interfere with pub lie traffic and the peace of the country. Nor should this be considered a ques tion of partisan politics, as it would be simply humane measures to prevent the starvation of whole families and ito se cure peace. Furthermore, riots whioh have occurred here and in Europe which have for a cause actual starvation are a sad and strange commentary on our hu manity, and wcrk and food be the means used (o prevent them. The statement of a writer that Romanism and Episcopacy exercise ecclesiastical control in politics is an assertion with out foundation in fact, as they do not By the way, Romanism is the name of a scars-crow lately excavated from the ruins of the dark ages. The same writer says "the church is a vast reser voir of reform;" it is more than that; re form is its mission, commission and its very life-breath, but it is that of the heart and soul of an individual; not of the politioal abuses, nor social condi tions apart from their spiritual aspect. The province of the state and polit ical reform and the province of the cnurch and spiritual re form, while somewhat similar, yet differ. That of the state is the administration of justice and equity to all, without dis tinction as .to creed or condition in ma terial matter; the preservation of law and order, and the protection of the weak tz&icst the strong, aid political reform wruld consist cf the reformation cf ccn- , .r.wi.3i7 which it abtcca itajcjMicr. neglects its duties. But reform should reconstruct, not destroy. To contend that mankind in this life can do without some form cf government and means to enforce it, ia simply an irrational theory, and carried out in full leads to purpose less assassination. Despotism and an archy are both destructive and foes of liberty and labor. The first grinds down the masses by means of legalized meth ods and tries to nee human beings as mere machinery to make money. The second wantonly destroys life without law and brings discredit on labor's cause. But this applies to the real article, not such as are called so in campaign com pliments. The province of the church is the eter nal interests of the people as a whole and as applied to each and every indi vidual soul insofar as it can reach, and hence it can draw no dividing line be tween political parties (unless one based on immoral issues), rich or poor, white or black, or different nationalities, as these of themselves are no hindrance to salvation, and are conditions relating to time. Spiritual reform would consist of the removal of condition, leading to abuses or neglect of duties of the human elements composing the churcn, for the divine part of faith and morals is alone unchangeable and infallible. But ortho doxy of belief does not mean narrow- mindedneas, which precludes liberty of thought, as some who mistake license for liberty assume; neither does it mean discrimination nor dislike in regard to those who differ, for that ia bigotry and a bigot is an abomination; for while we would be recreant to the principles of divine charity, it we were not inter ested in the spiritual welfare cf others, and willing to aid them, if within our power, yet belief is essentially a matter of personal responsibility; belonging to the gift of free will, and a matter of su preme personal concern, for it is not as a whole, nor as many, but as each individ ual soul, that we will be judged and accorded endless happiness or punish ment. Spiritual reform of the it dividual rests with the person through the action of free will and grace, the church being the channel and relates to the inner life. Political reform to be effective needs an aggregation of person acting through compulsory measures of ballot, etc, if necessary, and relates to the outer life. The abolition oi slavery was a war measure, as had it been in time of peace, it must have been by legislation, and it was abolished in South America and European countiies through the in fluence of the church, without a war. The actual sinfulness of slavery lay princi pally in the separation of families and consequent evils, and in the brutality of traders, etc, for which many who held slaves were not responsible. However ardent we may be as to its abolition, we need not, I think, withhold from the Southern people an admittance of their belief in their cause, which included more than slavery, nor a tribute to a Lee and Stonewall Jackson. The mission of the church is primar ily peace the plank of salvation whereby sinners, and we are all sinners, may reach the fountain cf mercy and its pulpits are for the preaching of the word of God, not to add fuel to flames of heated discussions. That is the prov ince of the rostrum and press, save and except when something srises which is a bar to salvation in itself, or in local cases. But this does not mean that those of the church, cr its members, must not cspousi tha cants cf justica and rfht, of liberty and humanity, and amongst these who have contended or pleaded with voice, pen or sword for these cause?, we find such names as these: Pope Leo XIII, Washington, Lincoln, Archbishops Carroll and Hughe?, Pat rick Henry, Jefferson, Wiadthorst, Bishop Lmgton, of Magna Charts fame, Gladstone, Sir Thomas More, O'Connell, Robert Emmett, William Wallace and Cardinal Lavigene, of the crusade against the African slave trade. Those who maintain that our Lord was a political reiormer, are distorting the words and motives of one who was not only true man, but true God, and hence whose life can not be read cor rectiy by the lamps of the passing pres ent, nor its meanings construed in a natural sense only, for it was for all time, and supernatural in its aim. He chose poverty as His own royal portion, enriching and glorifying it as an encouragement and example to the toiling millions; invites them to Him for rest and refreshment for their souls; de nounced thA malice and greed of the Pharisees and Sadducees; illustrates by the parable cf Dives the fate of those who live in luxury and do not share with the needy; promising the kingdom of heaven to the poor in spirit; yet kings knelt at His manger; some of the rulers of the eynogogue, even those who came not openly at first, were His followers; the wealthy publican, who was chari table, beoame a vessel of election; St. Paul, the sincere Pharisee, was His apostle; St. Peter's weakness and leader ship illustrates His leniency to human frailty, and'IIe raised from the dead the widow's son and the ruler's daughter. His misaion was universal. And while we may always hope that His reign on earth of justice and hu manity, of charity and peace, will prevail more and more, as time draws to a close, yet His kingdom is literally not of this world, for it ia written, "That eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man, what things God hath prepared for them that love Him." P. Actual Business Practice with Eastern Col leges through U. 8. Mall the crowning feature. 37Tne -commercial" xeaas, omers iouuw. PIERRE S. BROWS School oi Easiness andSborthand Bayard Building, 1212-14 Main St, Kansas City, Mo. We make specialties of rapid calculating and simple ana concise methods of recording and posting aa they are used in actual business. Commercial course, six mos.,$30; Shorthand and Typewriting, six mos.440; English course, three mos., $10. Home-Seekers' Excursions. The Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern rail way is now selling excursion tioketa for home-seekers for points in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee. Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana at one fare for the round trip. The dates of these excursions are Ootober 2, November 6 and December 4. Tioketa will be good for twenty days. Home-seekers' tioketa are also being sold to points West and Southwest, dates of sale being September 25 and Ootober 9; good returning within twenty days. Liberal stop-OTer privileges will be granted on all tioketa. For r.atea and further information apply to agents B. & 0. S. W. By., or ad drees A. C. Goodrich, western passenger agent, P. 0. box 2G4, Kansas City, Mo., or J. M. Cheebrough, general passenger agent. St, Louis. Everybody Is Going South Now-a-Days. The only section of the country where the far mers have made any money the past year is in the South. If you wish to change you should go down now and see for your self. The Louisville fc Nashville railroad and connections will sell tickets to all points South for trains of Ootober 2, No vember 6 and December 4, at one fare round trip. Ask your tioket agent about it, and if he cannot sell you exoursion tick eta write to C. P. At more, general passen srer a sect, Louisville, Ky or Geo. B. Eor ner, D. P. A., St. Louis, Mo. Six Thousand 8quare Miles of Wealth. The vast fertile valleys of the two Indian reservations in northeastern Utah, soon to be opened to settlers, comprise about SH million acres of the finest agricultural and grazing land. The direct line to Uintah and Uncomcahzre reservations is by the Union Faoifio system via Echo and Park Citv. E. L! Lomax. T G. P. & T. A,, U. P. System, Omaha, Neb. SV1ETAL WHEELS for your WAGONS. Any size ion want, 90 toWin.hlgh. Tires 1 to 8 in. wide hubs to fit any azlei Haves Cost many times in a aewon to have set of low wheels to fit your wagon forhanling pain, fodder, manure, boss. Ao. No resetting of tins. Oatl'gfree. Address EMPIRE MFG. CO., Qnlncjr, 111. I When writing advertisers mention Advocate 7u -.Tilly v Hill IS HALF A HI) art PVERY ONE can afford to use Clam Bouillon for Lunch, Dinner and ; Tea at 20 cents a quart, bnough for a whole family. Prepared in five 1 minutes from a bottle of Quality improved, price reduced, larger bottles. All Grocers sell it. E. S. BURNHAM CO.. 120 Cansevoort St, N.Y. Sample bottle, 10 cental makes a plat. When writing advertisers mentlon?Advocate M, THE Y,.,h SYSTEM. Connecting the Commercial Centers and rich (arms of MISSOURI, 3 The Broad Corn and Wheat Fields and . Thriving Towns Of KANSAS, The Tertlle Biver Valleys and Trade Centers of NEBRASKA, The Grand, Picturesque and Enchanting Scen ery, and the Famous Mining Districts of . COLORADO, The Agricultural, Fruit, Mineral and Timber Lands, and Famous Hot Springs of ARKANSAS, The Beautiful Boiling Prairies and Woodlands f the INDIAN TERRITORY. The Sugar Plantations of LOUISIANA, Thw Cotton and Grain Fields, the Cattle Banges and Winter Besorta of TEXAS, Historical and Scenic OLD AND NEW MEXICO, And forma with its Connections the Popular Winter Boute to ARIZONA AND CALIFORNIA. 4enta, or If, O. TOWN 3 END i flairuittjttftTttttlpst, ST. X.OTJIS, MO.