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THE j.D"TOOJLT33. AHD TOPEKA TBIBUI7E. OFFICIAL STATE PAPER. IT. P. PUSLIBHSD BYXST WXD5XSDAY BT THE ADVOCATE PUBLISHES COHFAJIY, Booms 43 and 45 Knox Building, ZOP2E3A, - - - KANSAS. $1.00 FEB YEAR. ADTKHTLSllfa RATX3. For single Insertion : Display matter, 20 cents per Una, 14 fines to the inch. Blading notices, 0 cents per line. DUcoont for long-tuna eon-mi Ind. Rural Press Assoo'n, P.O.VAaVuar.Mgr. Boyoa Building. Eutored at the pootofflceat Topcxa, Kansas, u taoond clan matter. WEDNESDAY, OCTBEB 3, 1834. FOB C0NGKE8SMEN. Pint district H. C. Solomon Second district Frank L. Willard Third district T. J. Hudson Fourth district 8. M. Scott Fifth district John Davis Sixth district William Baker Seventh district Jerry Simpson At-Large. W. A. Harris STATE OmCIBS. For Governor. L. D. Lewelllng For Associate Justice George W.Clark For Lieutenant Governor D. I. Furbeok For Secretary of State J. W. Amis For Auditor of State Van B. Prather For Treasurer of State W. H. Biddle For Attorney General John T. Little For Superintendent of Public Instruction H. N.Gaines The Priests of Pallas are parading in Kansas City, the Priest of Protec tion is parading in Kansas. McKin ley is a great show a relic of bygone daysso to speak What the people of the Fourth district want to know is whether .their congressman has any principles or any record he can defend on the platform in the presence of 8. M. Soott. Talk np, Curtis, your time is short. If there can be an exhibition of gall greater than that of MoKinley saying the hard times are due to this democratic administration, it must be Morrill, the usurer and land shark, posing as an adyocate of free silver and a friend of the poor. In order to encourage and help elong the democratic side-show which is being run in the interest of the Morrill circus, the Capital is publish ing, without comment, choice extracts from Mr. Overmyer's speeches in -which he tells of the wonderful bene fits that are to result to the people from the new democratic tariff. In his speech at Lawrence, for instance, ha B2id: "I stand here to declare to yon my solemn conviction that no Ir.riff tA which has been enacted for ;.-;7 jcn hsa been so wholwca or so just to the American people and so much in opposition to the de mands of power as the bill which passed the late congress." This is Mr. Overmyer's opinion of that act of "perfidy and dishonor." The Capital is very careful of Mr. Over myer's interests. M'KINLEYISM BOILED DOWN. As Governor MoKinley is "swing ing round the circle" just now, en deavoring to cultivate his presiden tial boom, it cannot be considered in appropriate to present a few facts which afford a practical illustration of McKinleyism npon the soil where it may be presumed to flourish in its purity. This we wiU do by reference to the report of the f labor commis sioner of Ohio for the year 1889 one of those good republican years be fore the threat of a democratic tariff had utterly destroyed the unparal leled prosperity of the country. On page 14 of that report referring to the enforced idleness in the state, the commissioner says; The average number of willing workers out of employment la fully equal to 15 per oent. of the whole number of laborers, skilled and unskilled. On page 63 of this report, he quotes from Carroll D. Wright, commis sioner of the United States bureau of labor statistics, who says that fully 1 1 million willing workers were out of employment in the United States; and this, too, under republican ad ministration, when our republican friends tell us we were enjoying a degree of prosperity never before known in the history of the country. On page 23 of this report the com missioner says: This brings me to a consideration of the second suggestion the demoralization of the gentlei sex. In handling this branch of a most painful subject, I must necessa rily wound the feelings of many worthy persons, but what I say shall be said in a spirit of kindness, confident that a brave s tatement of the truth will benefit most those wounded deepest. I shall proceed with this investigation In the spirit that the surgeon usee his knife on the patient he would reotore to health. Publio sentiment can only be aroused in opposition to great wrongs by opposing them. Slavery could never have been abol ished had the conscience of the nation not been quickened by exposure of the horrible details of slave life; and so of the horrors of factory life. Slavery itself was scarcely mora degrading, its horrors scarcely more revolting, and its effects scarcely more dam aging to good morals and good government than is fast becoming the result of the dis placement of men in the workshops with women. As will be seen by reference to the tables, a large majority of the women are receiving less than $200 per annum, an amount wholly inauffloient to feed and clothe them. It has been clearly shown how this com petition reduces the mala wage worker to the same conditions. This in itself is suffi cient to quioken the conscience of the publio to th 6 dangers that are associated with this system but however horrible this picture may be, the corroding and corrupting tend encies of the system are more alarming. Speaking of the demoralizing con ditions to which employes in Ohio manufacturing establishments are subject, the commissioner says: Men and women are often employed in the same shops making immoral goods and goods that suggest immorality; they know the character of the goods and their uses, wLhh ciOy iatrecre the moral degradation. .Llaaj cf the rc:lfifccpa where the Bsxea are oom mingled have but one water-closet for both. Slavery furnished few scenes mors demoralizing than are con stantly occurring and recurring in such shopsmen waiting to receive the key of the closet from women, and vioa vena. Suoh scenes and others so revolting that a mention of them here would subject this bureau to oritioiam, help to divest woman of those charms with whioh nature has so richly endowed her and that Bhine with such resplendent brilliancy while filling the sphere she naturally adorns. After deploring the condition of the factory women and the tendency of our existing industrial system, he says: I find it much easier to critioise than to suggest a remedy. Legislation possibly can avail nothing except in a few minor cases. Something of the kind might be done by legislation that would smooth the rough surface over a little, but the cancer remains, gnawing its way deeper and deeper into our social system. It is indeed sad to oontemplate the degradation to whioh this system is tending and be forced to admit in that connection that no adequate remedy can be suggested. The woman wage worker has come, and I fear has oome to stay. She has not oome as an angel in disguise, bearing blessings, but like a dreadful frost in midsummer, blighting, withering and destroying. She is in nearly all the fac tories working at starvation wages, displac ing men wherever she appears. She is cot only in the oigar, stogie and tailor shops, but everywhere that wheels are moving in workshop or f aotory. She is in the glass factories, the planing mills, carriage and iron works and wherever she is found she is doing the work of man at one-half man's wages. What a glorious industrial system we did have to be sure, under repub lican administration! How we did prosper 1 But aside from the 40,953 women who are doing the work of that num ber of men at half the pay, there are about 20,000 children employed in the factories of Ohio running ma chines which but for their employ ment would likewise require the ser vice of men. Eespecting this matter the labor commissioner says: Of course this keeps a large number of men from obtaining employment, and throws the family, in a great measure, upon the meagre earnings of the children for support, forces the father into the This army of idlers, to become, in too many oases the victim of habits that are so certain to result from such a life. Bad as this is it is not the greatest evil of child labor. It keeps the children from school and anything that ohecks the intellectual development of the child is a serious and almost irreparable blow to the cause of labor and the ultimate equality of man, an event that will abolish destitution and want and cause this muoh abused earth to blossom as a rose. But these things are not peculiar to the state of Ohio. The same condi tions are found in all manufacturing states. On page 24 of his report this Ohio commissioner says: I am not prepared to recommend the en actment of law that would remove women from the workshops of Ohio as competitors of men. Suoh a law would be unjust to Ohio manufacturers, who '.must oompete with manufacturers outside the state per mitted to employ women; and yet it seems that nothing short of suoh enactment will remove the eviL It is sad, indeed, to oon template the degradation to whioh this sys tem is tending, and be f oroed to admit in that connection that no adequate remedy can be suggested. Reader, don't you think that Gov ernor MoKinley's presidential boom should be encon raged and this glori ous industrial system be perpetuated and extended t THE BEUNION BACKET. There is one way left for republi can stump speakers to get a hearing in Kansas, outside of their regularly paid papers, and that is by the re-union plan. The same power which assembles re-unions of ex-confederates in the southern states and causes them to denounce northern soldiers and re new tfcsir love for Jhe lost cause, moves the political blatherskites of Kansas to follow up reunions of union soldiers and do their utmost to renew the bitter feelings that were engendered during the war, more than a quarter of a century ago. It is the money power of Europe and Wall Street, which is behind all this renewal of hostilities, That was the power which caused the Cleve land administration to go into the pension cutting business, and that same power sends out your Barney Kelleys, Humphreys and Dick Blues to call attention to the outrages and admonish the old soldiers to get back into the republican lines. Something must be done to attract attention from other issues. It will never do to let the old soldier learn the real cause of his trouble if it can be avoided. You never hear these professional re-union howlers tell of the wrongs committed against the soldiers dur ing Ithe war when the republican party made such wicked discrimina tions in favor of the bondholders and paid the soldiers in depreciated cur rency.. And you never hear them say that the People's party platform is the only one of the three which de clares openly and plainly what should be done with regard to pen sions. They omit all that in their effort to convince the ex-soldlers that the southern confederacy will be in the saddle again just as soon as the Populists get into full power. Sol diers reunions were instituted for a good purpose, but if they are al ways to be harangued by such old barnacles as Barney Kelley, it is no wonder that so many old soldiers are disgusted with them. ENCOUBAGEMENT. Words of political cheer from Ad vocate readers come more frequently this year than ever before, but they are just as much appreciated as when they were few and far between. They usually come in letters containing other matter and are filed away. Here is a sample from an old soldier at Manhattan: "God bless you in your patriotic work, is the prayer of an old soldier." And this from B. C. Decker, Hoxie: "Don't get discour aged. We pay no attention to re publican lies." Here is an item from Lawrence Sheehan, Missouri: "Until yesterday I was, I thougnt, a republican. I was born in 1846, went into the army in 1863, and from now on you will find me fighting for Populist prin ciples." We could publish hundreds of such letters. Isn't it about time for the republi can managers to get out another supplement concerning Dr. Pilcher? Why have they dropped that subject so unceremoniously?