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The advocate. (Topeka, Kan.) 1894-1897, October 03, 1894, Image 4

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IT. P.
Booms 43 and 45 Knox Building,
ZOP2E3A, - - - KANSAS.
$1.00 FEB YEAR.
For single Insertion : Display matter, 20 cents
per Una, 14 fines to the inch. Blading notices,
0 cents per line. DUcoont for long-tuna eon-mi
Ind. Rural Press Assoo'n,
Boyoa Building.
Eutored at the pootofflceat Topcxa, Kansas, u
taoond clan matter.
Pint district H. C. Solomon
Second district Frank L. Willard
Third district T. J. Hudson
Fourth district 8. M. Scott
Fifth district John Davis
Sixth district William Baker
Seventh district Jerry Simpson
At-Large. W. A. Harris
For Governor. L. D. Lewelllng
For Associate Justice George W.Clark
For Lieutenant Governor D. I. Furbeok
For Secretary of State J. W. Amis
For Auditor of State Van B. Prather
For Treasurer of State W. H. Biddle
For Attorney General John T. Little
For Superintendent of Public Instruction
H. N.Gaines
The Priests of Pallas are parading
in Kansas City, the Priest of Protec
tion is parading in Kansas. McKin
ley is a great show a relic of bygone
daysso to speak
What the people of the Fourth
district want to know is whether
.their congressman has any principles
or any record he can defend on the
platform in the presence of 8. M.
Soott. Talk np, Curtis, your time is
If there can be an exhibition of
gall greater than that of MoKinley
saying the hard times are due to this
democratic administration, it must
be Morrill, the usurer and land
shark, posing as an adyocate of free
silver and a friend of the poor.
In order to encourage and help
elong the democratic side-show which
is being run in the interest of the
Morrill circus, the Capital is publish
ing, without comment, choice extracts
from Mr. Overmyer's speeches in
-which he tells of the wonderful bene
fits that are to result to the people
from the new democratic tariff. In
his speech at Lawrence, for instance,
ha B2id: "I stand here to declare to
yon my solemn conviction that no
Ir.riff tA which has been enacted for
;.-;7 jcn hsa been so wholwca
or so just to the American people and
so much in opposition to the de
mands of power as the bill which
passed the late congress." This is
Mr. Overmyer's opinion of that act
of "perfidy and dishonor." The
Capital is very careful of Mr. Over
myer's interests.
As Governor MoKinley is "swing
ing round the circle" just now, en
deavoring to cultivate his presiden
tial boom, it cannot be considered in
appropriate to present a few facts
which afford a practical illustration
of McKinleyism npon the soil where
it may be presumed to flourish in its
purity. This we wiU do by reference
to the report of the f labor commis
sioner of Ohio for the year 1889 one
of those good republican years be
fore the threat of a democratic tariff
had utterly destroyed the unparal
leled prosperity of the country. On
page 14 of that report referring to
the enforced idleness in the state,
the commissioner says;
The average number of willing workers
out of employment la fully equal to 15 per
oent. of the whole number of laborers,
skilled and unskilled.
On page 63 of this report, he quotes
from Carroll D. Wright, commis
sioner of the United States bureau
of labor statistics, who says that fully
1 1 million willing workers were out
of employment in the United States;
and this, too, under republican ad
ministration, when our republican
friends tell us we were enjoying a
degree of prosperity never before
known in the history of the country.
On page 23 of this report the com
missioner says:
This brings me to a consideration of
the second suggestion the demoralization
of the gentlei sex. In handling this branch
of a most painful subject, I must necessa
rily wound the feelings of many worthy
persons, but what I say shall be said in a
spirit of kindness, confident that a brave
s tatement of the truth will benefit most
those wounded deepest. I shall proceed
with this investigation In the spirit that the
surgeon usee his knife on the patient he
would reotore to health.
Publio sentiment can only be aroused in
opposition to great wrongs by opposing
them. Slavery could never have been abol
ished had the conscience of the nation not
been quickened by exposure of the horrible
details of slave life; and so of the horrors of
factory life. Slavery itself was scarcely
mora degrading, its horrors scarcely more
revolting, and its effects scarcely more dam
aging to good morals and good government
than is fast becoming the result of the dis
placement of men in the workshops with
women. As will be seen by reference to
the tables, a large majority of the women
are receiving less than $200 per annum, an
amount wholly inauffloient to feed and
clothe them.
It has been clearly shown how this com
petition reduces the mala wage worker to
the same conditions. This in itself is suffi
cient to quioken the conscience of the publio
to th 6 dangers that are associated with this
system but however horrible this picture
may be, the corroding and corrupting tend
encies of the system are more alarming.
Speaking of the demoralizing con
ditions to which employes in Ohio
manufacturing establishments are
subject, the commissioner says:
Men and women are often employed in
the same shops making immoral goods and
goods that suggest immorality; they know
the character of the goods and their uses,
wLhh ciOy iatrecre the moral degradation.
.Llaaj cf the rc:lfifccpa where the Bsxea
are oom mingled have but one water-closet
for both. Slavery furnished few scenes
mors demoralizing than are con
stantly occurring and recurring in such
shopsmen waiting to receive the key of
the closet from women, and vioa vena.
Suoh scenes and others so revolting that
a mention of them here would subject this
bureau to oritioiam, help to divest woman
of those charms with whioh nature has so
richly endowed her and that Bhine with
such resplendent brilliancy while filling the
sphere she naturally adorns.
After deploring the condition of the
factory women and the tendency of
our existing industrial system, he
I find it much easier to critioise than to
suggest a remedy. Legislation possibly can
avail nothing except in a few minor cases.
Something of the kind might be
done by legislation that would smooth the
rough surface over a little, but the cancer
remains, gnawing its way deeper and deeper
into our social system. It is indeed sad to
oontemplate the degradation to whioh this
system is tending and be forced to admit
in that connection that no adequate remedy
can be suggested. The woman wage worker
has come, and I fear has oome to stay.
She has not oome as an angel in disguise,
bearing blessings, but like a dreadful frost
in midsummer, blighting, withering and
destroying. She is in nearly all the fac
tories working at starvation wages, displac
ing men wherever she appears. She is cot
only in the oigar, stogie and tailor shops,
but everywhere that wheels are moving in
workshop or f aotory. She is in the glass
factories, the planing mills, carriage and
iron works and wherever she is found she is
doing the work of man at one-half man's
What a glorious industrial system
we did have to be sure, under repub
lican administration! How we did
prosper 1
But aside from the 40,953 women
who are doing the work of that num
ber of men at half the pay, there are
about 20,000 children employed in
the factories of Ohio running ma
chines which but for their employ
ment would likewise require the ser
vice of men. Eespecting this matter
the labor commissioner says:
Of course this keeps a large number of
men from obtaining employment, and
throws the family, in a great measure, upon
the meagre earnings of the children for
support, forces the father into the This
army of idlers, to become, in too many oases
the victim of habits that are so certain to
result from such a life. Bad as this is it is
not the greatest evil of child labor. It keeps
the children from school and anything that
ohecks the intellectual development of the
child is a serious and almost irreparable
blow to the cause of labor and the ultimate
equality of man, an event that will abolish
destitution and want and cause this muoh
abused earth to blossom as a rose.
But these things are not peculiar to
the state of Ohio. The same condi
tions are found in all manufacturing
states. On page 24 of his report this
Ohio commissioner says:
I am not prepared to recommend the en
actment of law that would remove women
from the workshops of Ohio as competitors
of men. Suoh a law would be unjust to
Ohio manufacturers, who '.must oompete
with manufacturers outside the state per
mitted to employ women; and yet it seems
that nothing short of suoh enactment will
remove the eviL It is sad, indeed, to oon
template the degradation to whioh this sys
tem is tending, and be f oroed to admit in
that connection that no adequate remedy
can be suggested.
Reader, don't you think that Gov
ernor MoKinley's presidential boom
should be encon raged and this glori
ous industrial system be perpetuated
and extended t
There is one way left for republi
can stump speakers to get a hearing
in Kansas, outside of their regularly
paid papers, and that is by the re-union
The same power which assembles
re-unions of ex-confederates in the
southern states and causes them to
denounce northern soldiers and re
new tfcsir love for Jhe lost cause,
moves the political blatherskites of
Kansas to follow up reunions of
union soldiers and do their utmost to
renew the bitter feelings that were
engendered during the war, more
than a quarter of a century ago.
It is the money power of Europe
and Wall Street, which is behind all
this renewal of hostilities, That was
the power which caused the Cleve
land administration to go into the
pension cutting business, and that
same power sends out your Barney
Kelleys, Humphreys and Dick Blues
to call attention to the outrages and
admonish the old soldiers to get back
into the republican lines. Something
must be done to attract attention
from other issues. It will never do
to let the old soldier learn the real
cause of his trouble if it can be
You never hear these professional
re-union howlers tell of the wrongs
committed against the soldiers dur
ing Ithe war when the republican
party made such wicked discrimina
tions in favor of the bondholders and
paid the soldiers in depreciated cur
rency.. And you never hear them
say that the People's party platform
is the only one of the three which de
clares openly and plainly what
should be done with regard to pen
sions. They omit all that in their
effort to convince the ex-soldlers that
the southern confederacy will be in
the saddle again just as soon as the
Populists get into full power. Sol
diers reunions were instituted for a
good purpose, but if they are al
ways to be harangued by such old
barnacles as Barney Kelley, it is no
wonder that so many old soldiers are
disgusted with them.
Words of political cheer from Ad
vocate readers come more frequently
this year than ever before, but they
are just as much appreciated as when
they were few and far between. They
usually come in letters containing
other matter and are filed away.
Here is a sample from an old soldier
at Manhattan: "God bless you in
your patriotic work, is the prayer of
an old soldier." And this from B. C.
Decker, Hoxie: "Don't get discour
aged. We pay no attention to re
publican lies."
Here is an item from Lawrence
Sheehan, Missouri: "Until yesterday
I was, I thougnt, a republican. I
was born in 1846, went into the army
in 1863, and from now on you will
find me fighting for Populist prin
ciples." We could publish hundreds
of such letters.
Isn't it about time for the republi
can managers to get out another
supplement concerning Dr. Pilcher?
Why have they dropped that subject
so unceremoniously?

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