VQL.TTC, NO. 48.
$1.00 A YEAR.
TOPEKA, KANSAS, HOVEMBEB 23, 1894.
OFFICIAL STATE PAPEI.
THAT'S WHAT ALL THE PEOPLE ABE
I The Kansas Irrigation Association Meet-
in? at Hutchinson Proved to Be
.4 a I4WT. Kftriftrtl.
The agricultural mind of the West ia
being diverted from the question of
markets and transportation to that of
raising a greater variety of products,
and to getting a greater amount from
leas ground. This ia bringing the sci
ence of land irrigation to be studied not
only by farmers but those whosa inter-
esta are directly connected with those
of the farmers. In fact, irrigation has
coma to ba one cf the most interesting
and important subjects cf discussion,
and is even now forcing itself into our
state and national law-making depart
ments. It long ago began to attract
tha attention of manufacturers of agri
cultural appliances, and the progress
recently made by them is indeed won
derful. The second annual convention of the
Kansas Irrigation association was held
in Hutchinson, Kas., November 23 and
24, and it was probably better attended
and more practically conduoted than
other meeting of a similar nature in
this or any other state. The men whoaa
official duty it was to prepare for it have
studied the snbjact of irrigation until
they know the points about it on whioh
information is most needed, and they
have a fair idea as to where the infor
mation is to be found.
The officers of the association were:
President, D. M. Frcst, of Garden City;
secretary, E. B. Cowgill, of Topeka;
treasurer, J. F. Greenlee, of Hutchinson;
vice presidents, G. W. Clements, Martin
Mohler and II. V. Hinckley (consulting
Messrs. Frcst, Cowgill and Hinckley,
were re-elected for another year. L. A.
Bigger, of Hutchinson, was elected e ac
re tary and treasurer; J. E. Frost, G. W.
Clements and W. B. Sutton, were elected
Daring the two days and evenings an
excellent course of lectures and short
talks were delivered, touching on nearly
every point concerning irrigation theories
and practice. The president being ab
sent by reason of his own sickness, his
annual address was delivered by proxy.
George Q. Cannon, president of the
Mormon church, presided Friday 'after
coon, and at night lectured on "Poverty
to Independence Mormon Progress
on the Salt Lake Desert." Among the
cthtr excellent, papers tad speeches
nra tha follcrbg: "Ciorr ji cl Eicra
Waters," William Tweedale; "Irriga
tionAdvantages and Errors," J. S.
Sherman; "Forreatry and Irrigation,"
E. D. Wheeler (9tate forrester); "Straw
berries by Irrigation," B. F. Smith;
"The Duties of Kansas to Herself," H.
V. Hinckley; "One Year of Irrigation
Agitation," E. R. Mosas; "Kansas Agri
culture and Irrigation," F. D. Coburn;
"Duty of the Fedaral Government," J.
L. Bristow; "State Legislation Needed,"
J. W. Gregory; "Homes for the Million,"
J. S. Emery; "Apples by Irrigation,"
Henry Booth; "The Irrigated Home,"
I. M. Piokering; "The Water Supply,"
E. B. Cowgill; "Pumping Machinery,"
Ira C Hubbell, of Fairbanks, Morse &
Co.; "Labor and Irrigation," J. F. Todd;
"Practical Irrigation How Obtained,"
F. M. Clarke, of Fort Worth, Tex.; "The
People's Heritage," W. E. Smythe, of
Irrigation Age; "Irrigation in Very Arid
Ragions," Governor Prince of New
Governor Lewstling and Governor
elect Morrill were on the program for
addresses, but both sent regrets at being
unable to attend. Tha members of the
association were very much in tha mi
nority when the crowd assembled.
Nearly every county in the state was
represented by one or more persons, and
as a consequence of the deep interest
taken in the movement the membersnip
is now much larger than before. George
M.Munger, of Greenwood county, and
others who were there looking for in
formation, but whose names were not on
the program, answered calls to speak.
The machinery exhibit was a profit
able feature of the convention, both to
those who were there looking for the
latest improvements in that kind of ma
chinery and to the enterprising manu
facturers who took advantage of the oc
casion to show a particular test of their
implemsnts. The exhibit consisted of
pumps, windmills and engines, in work
ing order on the bank of the rivar close
to the convention hall Some of the ex.
hibitors drew water from wells while
others drew from the channel of the
river. The supply of water was not what
they should have had, but it was not so
scarce as to prevent them from showing
the capacity of their machines. The
Advocate will notice these machines
and their manufacturers in later issues.
THX INEVITABLE XXS0LUTI05S.
A convention these days without reso
lutions would not know how to ad j sum.
In this case the demands and declara
tions adopted are of considerable inter-
eat since they are likely to be heard
from again in both the state and na
tional legislatures. They are as follows:
Ths Kansas SUte Irrigation association
ia eonYfintion assembled submits for the
oossidarssion of all eosoernsd, the follow.
taction l, we nan win tzuzztaicn i&o
Corzvai on psjs t.
BATS THE PQ3TM ASTER GENERAL
U HIS LAST EEPOST.
The Old Way Is Good Eaough Per Him.
Opposad to Frae Delivery in
WASHrsroTOJC, Nov. 25. Postmaster
General W. 8. Bissell has submitted to
the president his annual report for the
year ending June 80. He briefly out
lines the policy in the department in
"In general I would recommend that
the first and most important thing to be
done is to raviaa the law as to second-
class matter bo as to place the posted
department immediately upon a self
"Second Avoid expensive experi
ments like the postal telegraph, rural
free delivery, etc.
"Third Develop the postal service
on existing lines of administration, viz:
Extend free delivery in cities that now
enjoy it, accord it to towns already enti
tled to it under the law, quiokan rail
"Fourth Ravise and reclassify or
ganization of the railway mail service
and reclassify clerks in postefficea.
"Fifth Provide for distriot super
vision of all postal affairs by appoint
ment cf expert postal officials from
classified service, as recommended in my
last annual report."
Mr. Biesell first discusses ithe effect of
continued depression upon the postal
revenues and says: "When ; adverse
business conditions prevail an ordinary
business establishment may overcome
them in part by economies of manage
ment and retrenchment in expediturts.
Not so, however, with the pcstofHce es
tablish U the government. It can
not and snould not stop to consider little
economies. Its duties and obligations
to tbe publio become at once intensified
and enlarged. The revenue for the
year was $75,C80,479; expenditures $34,
324,414, leaving a deficit of $9,243,935,
The eatimates for the current year
ending June 30, 1895, are: Revenue, $84,
427,743; expenditures, $90,399,485; defi
ciency, $5,971,737. The estimates sub
mitted to the sscrstary of the treasury
for the next fiscal year are: Revenue,
986.907,407; expenditures, $91,059,283; de
fidency, $i,151,876. "This annual de
ficiency," the postmaster general says,
"could be overcome by the increase cf
postal rates, but he docs not believe this
adviiabb. Esonomy has been practiced,
but nevertheless, great core has been
taken that it should cot effect the c IS
chacy cf ths ssrvica. Tha eeoncmlai
hrra ccrrtsd tzzlxij ia ra-bitiag ex
tracts for mail and transportation, and
in the cost and amount of supplies; also
in the abrogation of seven of tha eleven
steamtbip subsidy contracts whioh will
mean a total saving in the tan years of
the contracts1 life of $14,431,325."
Mr. Bisaall recommends tha experi
mental free delivery projects should be
discontinued and thinks that free deli
very in rural districts ii not needed or
desired by the people. Both of these pro
mts were originated by his predecf sjor.
He refers to the war made by the de
partment on lottery schemes passing
under the name "bond investment com
panies" and lays it has been waged suc
cessfully. He recommends the enact
ment cf laws covered in bills now pend
ing before congress for tha further sup
pression of lotteries.
The Postmaster General does not fa
vor the pcstal telegraph, a system advo
cated by his predecessor. The condi
tions in this country, he says, are suoh as
would enormously increase the large de
ficit. He takes as example the system in
Great Britain, whioh is a comparatively
small territory, etd shows that the
postal telegraph entails a total annual
less of about 2 million dollars. He
points out that in a country where tha
territory is so large the ccat cf a postal
telegraph would far exceed any possible
receipts or benefits.
Mr. Bizaell gives the following daily
average business of the department,
whioh shows the vastneea of ths postal
Number of miles of post route run.... 1.100,006
Number of stamps manufactured 8,300.000
Numbe. of envelope manufactured... MO'VXX,
Number of pontal card manufactured 1JWO.0OO
Number of piece mailed 15,700,000
Number of letters mailed 7,400.000
Number of p.eces of mall matter dis
tributed and redistributed by rail
way potal clerks 27,5CO,000
Number of pieces handled in dead let
ter office 24,000
Dally transactions In money order bus
Dp lly expenses , ZilflvQ
The postmaster general believes in
civil service in thepoitofQ department.
He says: "If the system has produced
suoh good results in the clerical force of -
the department, it ia reasonable to in
quire whether something like ft could
not be applied with id vantage to the
lower grades of postmasters."
That Iniquitous Bond Baalnesj.
WAsauaTON, Nov. 24. In conformity
with his circular, dated November 13,
1894, the secretary of the treasury to
day opened the bids whioh had been
submitted for a new bond Issue
of 50 million dollars United
States 5 per cent, bonds, to bear
date of November 1, 1894, and re
deemable in com at the pleasure of the
government after ten years from the
dale cf blue. This action cf tbe secre
tary is taken under 4he authority con
tained in the act cf ccxgms, approved
January 14, 1S75, tatitltd "An net to
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