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TOE US JlDVOOjAflPia.
rr trusts would disappear under free trade. Are these conclusions war ranted? Is it a fact that the organi zation and perpetuity of trusts de pend upon any special system of tax ationf Or, is it not rather true that other conditions render these evils posible and that a change of these conditions is essential to their over throw? A change in the system o taxation alone will be insufficient Free trade will not accomplish their destruction. Already one of these great monopolies has extended its grap beyond the boundaries of the United States. The Standard Oil company to day practically controls the entire oil product of the world. It his no competition upon the globe worth mentioning. Establish free trad- and open other branches of ex isting monopolistic traffio to the com petition of the world, and how loog would it be until interested capital ists in this aid other countries would effect a combination world-wide in its scope? Tne single-tax could not prevent it, nor is there anything about it that would discourage such a combination. Oar single-tax friends assume too much in this re epect. Their position is untenable and can not be granted. Bit tare is a fatal admission from Mr. Wakefield: Under the Bingle-tax the oil trust, lumber, ooal, iron, otpper, laad and all other trusts that now corner natural produota, would be taxed the full value of the product, (italics mine) above the ourreot rates of interest on their capital invested in miohiaery, etc, and aotual wages paid, with reasonable wages for superintendence; for tneBeare all trusts founded on a monopoly of land values, or land value produots. How can this be? The single tax platform declares that all taxes should be levied "upon land values irrespea tive of improvements" and that "all forms of direct and indirect taxation should be abolished.?' How, then, can taxatioi be extended to the full value of the product of any trust or combine, with the exceptions named bv Mr. Wakeheld, and still be a "single tax upon land values?" Fur ther: How can Mr. Wakefield claim that any tax whatever upon produots, or the value of produots, will not be shifted to the consumer of those products" It seems to me our friend has surrendered, in the above quotation, two of the fundamental doctrines of the single tax advocates. Finally, after enuuurating some ofthestepsby which he expects to reach the millennium, Mr. Wakefield says: You, on the other hand, seem to have been captivated by Bellamy's Utopian fairy dream and expert to reach the imaginary millinniutn by a "be it enacted" of con gressmen wbu have attained their plaoes through either fraud, cunning, treachery or gall, and to set aaidi at one fell swoop every law of nature and of human nature as well a3 all laars of progress and develop ment. What warrant has my friend for this unfair and uagenerous state ment? I have said that I believes complete revolution in our social, industrial and governmental systems is necessary to remdy the evils of the day. Mr. Wakrfield practically 8grees that such a revolution is es sential and hold the single-tax to be the most important etsp towards it3 accomplishment Hive I anywhere indicated that it is to be attained at a single bound? Havel mentioned anywhere any steps that I would pro pose for its attainment? Are my views upon these matters the pres ent sublet of discussion? Suppose that I hold to all the fairy visions with whioh he is pleased to credit me, what has that to do with the subject under discussion? It is the merit of the single tax and not my visionary views that I supposed to be under consideration at this time. But my friend runs into still an other inconsistency here. He says I "expect to reach the imaginary mil lennium by a (oe it enacted' of con gressmenwho have attained their places through either fraud, can ning, treachery or gall." Permit me to ask by what kin 1 of hocus pocus or magic he expects to reach his mil lennium? Does ha expect his single tax adopted and put in practice by a dispensation of Providence? Car taimynecan noi expect congress men "who have attained their places by fraud, cunning,treachery or gall," to adopt the single tax by a "be it enacted." That would be presuming too much; or if not, why might not I presume upon the adoption of some other step by a "be it enacted?" Have the single-taxers such exclusive con trol of the warring elements of fraud, canning, treacnery ana g&ir as to turn them all to account in the adop tion of the single tax, while they are deaf to all appeals in behalf of any other project? Why not aim to be reasonably consistent? THIS WILL NOT DO. Eoitob Advooati: The kind or cur rency that we are to usa is a question that is to the fore now. and must soon be set tled. National bank notes will not answer, for the reason that the policy of keeping this nation in debt perpetually for their benefit is too absurd to be entertained for any length of time by a sensible people. The plan, or rather eoheme, of the bankers atBiltimore, while it may suit the bankers, will not suit the people. I hereby submit the following outline for a United S -ates ourrenoy, viz. : An iasus by tne United states government or paper money in convenient denominations, and in sufficient volume to transact all busi ness. Siid money to be a legal tender for all debts publio and private, and to be in terchangeable for gold or silver bullion (at the option of the government) at its mar ket value. Suoh a ourrenoy would be aooep table to the people, by reason of its oon- venienoe and for the reason that whenever they desired gold or silver they could ex change this money for it. It would supply the demandi of foreign trade.the balanoe of which is now and always has been settled in gold or silver at its bullion value. Bul lion can be kept at convenient points for this purpose, and most likely when foreign merohants find that this ourrenoy can al ways be exohanged for bullion they will ao- oept the ourrenoy; if not, ship them the bullion. The expense of coinage will be saved- a market established for th gold and eilver produced in the United States, which instead of being lost in the per formance of functions that a pieoe of paper will do as well or better, will become a part of our resources. If any person de sires to hoardhe can hoard bullion, wbioh will not iijure anyone by taking money out of circulation. The baying and selling of both gold and silver at its market value would give no unfair advantaje to the pro ducer, either. And last but not least, this plan would taka the money of the people beyond tha reaoh and control of Individ cxl iarrirsliti3x No raaa, oz let of nan, will ever be unselfish to a dagre that they eas be safely entrusted with the control of the currency of a nation. It is a preroga tive of the people who are the government and if they would be happy and prosper ous, they must ever exercise it. It seems to me there oan be no objections (at least, none which oan notbe easily and satisfacto rily answered) to the plan above outlined, when perfected as it is capable of being perfected and it has the advantage of hav ing as small a percentage of "fiat" in its eompsitionaa any money system oan have. Respectfully, J. G. Smith. La Cbossi, Kax., Nov. 19, 1891. It will require no extended com ment to show the defects of the plan above proposed. In the first place it rests upon the assumption that there must be a basis for money aside from law. There is no philosophy in such assumption. There can be no reason given why any form of cur rency provided by the government possessing the function of money should be made exchangeable by law for anything else that is to serve the purposes of money. That is one of the chief defects of our financial sys tem to-day, and one that has ren dered possible the plunder of the people during the past thirty years. Every dollar that is permitted to cir culate as money should be made by law equal in purchasing and debt paying power to every other dollar without regard to the material of which it is composed. In short, every dollar should be an absolute dollar, instead of the promise to pay a dollar. Our correspondent speaks of the necessity of bullion to pay balances of trade. What have the government or the masses of the people to do with the settlement of balances of trade? These are individual matters purely and in no way concern .the govern ment. If American merohants pur chase goods in foreign markets in ex cess of goods they sell in exchange, that is their affair. Let them man age it as they can. It is certainly no part of the duty of government to to make the currency of the country to conform to their individual con venience, especially when by so doing our financial system must be made an instrument to enable Wall street pirates to prey upon the people of the whole country. NOTES AND COMMENT. People who growled all through Octo ber about the daily papers being filled with campaign stuff are now wrestling with a daily jag of football news. Statuea cf Daniel Webster and Gen eral Stark ara soon to be placed in the national senate chamber. That will necessitate setting apart a day for ora tions when everybody bat the orators will go a fiihing, and the speeches will be printed at government expense. Governor Pennoyer's (of Oregon) Than kr giving proclamation li aa fol lows: "I hereby appoint the last Thurs day of the month of November a Thanksgiving holiday. 'In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider. EaclesiAstas vii: The Kansas City Journal says: "The bandit leaders of the Indian territory are meetly named "Bill." There ware Dill D Alton, Bill Starr, Bill Doolan, and cow thtre ara Bill Cxk and Bill, and we are begianlng to S29 ess atonal references to Severalty Elll" Does not the robber MeKinly bill ci ii somi work in Oklahoma? General W. H. Gibson, one cf Ohb'j favori te sons, died at his home in TiGa November 22. He was one of the c:ecS eloquent orators of his generation, esi waa a power on the rostrum during tlo war, and for many years afterward. Es was colonel of the Forty-ninth O. V. L and for one term stats treasurer of Ohio. Fort Arthur, th stronghold of tha Chinese coast, has bean taken by the Japanese, and China is now ready to give up the fight and "settle." A late cable dispatch says an English and Ger man syndicate has offered to furnish the gold for the settlement at 4 per cent. The reader who has heretofore won dered what the war waa about will be enlightened by this oable dispatch. The trouble over the election of ecu greesmen in the Tenth Georgia district has baen settled. J. 0. 0. Black, the incumbent, who received a majority of 7,000 on the face the of returns, in reply to Tom Watson's offer to arbitrate, pro posed to submit the matter to a second eleotion next year. Wataon has signified hie acceptance of the proposition. Blaci will take hie commission, but will reaiga on the 4th of Maroh. Hoke Smith's latest soheme is to soil the Indian lands, which are soon to be opened, to the highest bidders. If then is any plan more unfair than givlsj the lands to the swiftest runner it to eelling them to the man with the meet ready oaah. It the lands are cf any value, what a picnic the eastern land syndicates would have under that plan. Bat where would the man be whose cap ital consists of a team of mules and a large family ? The grand jury of Lemmon coucty, Txas, has gone after big flab, and at th3 instance of Attorney General (Governor elect) Calbcrson, has indicted the head officers of the Standard Oil trust for conspiring to control the price of oil. Among them are John D. Rookefalbr, Henry M. Fiagler, William R wkefallar, John D. Archibald, Berjamin Brewster, Henry H. Rigers, Wesley H. Tilford, Henry Cloy Erie, Arther M. Finley, G M. Adams, J. P. Cruet and E. Weill Governor Hogg has indicated his pur pose to issue requisitions on the gover nor ef New York for the indicted men. Ohio Populists Gained. The official table of the vote cast in Ohio Tuesday, November 6, gives Tay lor (rep) for secretary of state, 413.833; Turner (dem ), 27G.9S2; MoCaalin (pro.), 23,506; Martin (pop.), 49.181; making the republican plurality 137.036. The total vote of the state was 1C,QI a decrease cf 71,554 compared with tin number cast for McKinley and Neal in the gubernational election of 1893. The combined vote caat for the republican and democratic candidates on the same comparison shows a falling off of 91,633 the former party losing 19,331 and tfcs democratic 75,305. The prohibition vets is 1,120 in exceai of that cast for tia party in 1893, and the Pjpuliata gtia - 33,921. Every farmer Needs Both. We can famish the Kansas Fcnrr? and the Advocate until January 12". 2, a year and two months, for $1.50. Wlit more do you want. Don't fail to look over our book II. i under the head of premiumx. Oz? books are few but they ara the be.-.?. Casrofcta poire, tar edscstbsal purpcxa. ;