Newspaper Page Text
on, as well sa that of the Populist who clamora for more money, for they stand upon the same basis in this respect, and that is the idea of the ceoessity of a fic titious stimulation of human industry. Most Pipalis's say it is useless to think of all the idle men being employed with out more money to famish them em ployment and pay them. And McKinley shouts that unlenn we pay a big bonus to make up the difference between our own and foreign labor many of our peo ple must go unemployed. Ai it the Al mighty had made mankinds happiness depend upon tar ft nd fiical legislation. In determining the political economy of the world He never p-uvided f r $50 per capita nor an ad valorem duty. The world was fashioned with simply two conditions necessary one, the land to work upon, and man with the ability and willingness to work upon it. All this anxiety to furnish people employment presupposes a condition whioh does not exist, and if the mass of men were re stored to the stata intended at the first, to wit, the right to apply their labor to land without hindrance, there would be no need of furnishing anyone employ ment, and the labor, the land, the tariff and the money problems would all be solved. Take the case of the millions of the unemployed spoken of by Mr. Iogalls. They see around them on all sides great quanlitiea of everything to eat, to wear, to er joy rd to fashion into houses for shelter. Of the amount of grains it is almost beyond calculation ; of fruit there is enough to tempt the desire of every one; of the meats the supply has never been exhausted; cf all the things whioh make life possible And pleasurable they exist io such profusion that some even claim that there is an over prod action. And yet all the S9 came from the soil eim ply aa the result of man's labor applied to it. A tariff does not cause the earth to produce any more bountifu'ly, nor does it give men any greater disposition or ability to apply their labor to the earth. Njr dies the volum of money in cirou lation have any such eff act. These mil lions of unemployed people, notwith standing thA great abnndaace of every thing good for human use, are ready and able to produce more, and even anx ious to do so. And the soil of our ooun try has not as yet begun to show what it can do in the way of production. It has been estimated that our country oan sustain a population seven or eight times as great as we now have. What, then, let me ask, stands be tween tbeee vast numbers of would-be producers and the er j yment of the fruits of honest toil ? There is no escape from the fact that there is sj me thing that intervenes, something that sys to these non workers, "It is true that the earth could pre dace more with your la bor, and that you are crying out in de spair for the want of what you might produce." But this ory has always been heard, and the world ia used to it. Taxing Improvrmfnti. BY QUIJiC? A. GLASS. In the Advootb of Nmmber7, P. C. Branch, ot S-erliog, K-iS., ctfars some remarks upon the land qieation, and calls upon Erother Saediker for answers to certain questions whioh he asks. I have no doubt that Mr. Branch will get a very prompt aaswer from Brother Snediker, because, like all earnest single taxers, he is built that way, and I am not going to spoil Brother Saediker'e pleasure by undertaking the work he has been ask-d to do, and is abundantly alls to do. Bat I am going to take up this question of the difference between rent for improvements and ground rents or economio rents aa individual property and the question of moral right that underlies it Let me quote from Mr. Branch: "Lvad value and the value of improvement! under existing laws are both taxable, the owner paying the taxes out of the rent received from the tenant" This statement of Mr. Branch's ia sxiomatio in its correctness. As to the saving to the tenant in case the taxes were entirely oolleoted from the ground rent, there would be exemption from personal property taxes, from any and all occupation taxes and from all indi rect taxes which he now pays under in ternal revenue and tariff laws. "I assert that land value should be exempt from taxation because land value ia a product ot labor." Land value is not a product of individual labor but is due to the growth of (he community, or if the term pleases Mr. Branch better, the collective labor ot the oommunity. It is jast and right that this value should go to the community as a whole and not be diverted to individuals. Now take Mr. Branch's own town of Sterling. Let him go out two or five miles in the country and commune la boring on a piece of ground 25il40. How long will he labor upin it to give it the same value as a lot 25x110 in the central business portion of Sterling? As to the question of a man having a moral right to individual ownership ia rent from improvements upon ground and none in the ground rent we hold that every man, woman or child born upon the earth has the same equal right in the ownership of the earth that has every other person; that it is the com mon heritage and that the way to bring about the realization of this right is for each and every one to pay into the publio treasury by tsxation, the rental value of that part of the earth's surface whioh he uses. We also believe that this fund is amply sufficient for all publio needs and that there is no reason for taxing anything else. We also believe that a man has as much right to loan or sell improvements upon land as he has to loan or sell any movable piece of personal property which he may own or prod ace, and that a man produces a house jast as much when he hires labor to bui d it as if he drove every nail in the boards and shingles himself. We believe that all taxes upon per sonal property, upon improvement?, and upon occupations, hinder business, or in other words, hinder production and ex change of commodities, and that what ever hinders in any way the freest ex change between men ot things neaeded, is an economio evil to be corrected. I wish to ask Mr. Branch a few ques tions whioh I hope he will answer through the Advocatk: Please sir, will you tell us what caliijga at.d professions separate men from actual interest in and oontAot with land? Can the right to produce things from land be attained without possesion cf land? How would you restrict land owner ship? What do you mean by use and ocou paioy as applied to city and country? Oa what grounds would you compen sate land-owners? Mr. Branch says be has more to say, and has certainly cast a stone into deep waters. I hope the Advocate's new rule on single-tax discussion will not shut him out The Eassaa Farmer and the Advo catk can both be bad till a year from next January fcr IU50, ALABMIXG PATmiLI3X A Note of Warn'ng to the Incoming Soloni of Kiosas. Tn Vu Nwlv-Eiected Mtmbtn of the LegUla turt of Kanscu: Gkntlkmes: In a few weaka you will take the seats to which you have been chosen, and will begin to promote the general welfare by passing bills. Ia the meritorious work ot enacting laws, you will do well to bear in mind certain well defined principles of con temporary "free" government. Among these are some relating to the functions of government A few ef them will be enumerated: (1) Governments are instituted among men for the purpose ot aiding the riohln their eff rts to gain more wealth, and in cidentally to discourage honest effort on the part ot the poor to obtain the fruits ot their own labor. (2) Wealth belongs to him who can get possession of it by any means, "ma chination, incantation or device, honest or otherwise." (3) The man who fails to obtain wealth because of qualms of conscience becomes the j eat and derision ot his fal lows. (4) Publio credit belongs txolusivaly to the rich and cannot be pledged in be half of the poor. (5) The state must never make a profit on anything, but most rates all money by taxation of those who have lit tie. (6) The state must never do anything for a poor individual whish he can do tor himself, or whioh a corporation will do for hm at an exorbitant price. (7) Nothing may be done to check competition or promote co-operation. The waste resulting from competition inoraasea demand, and hence raises prices to the benefit of the toiler. (8) "A pnbho office is a privata'snap." dose adheience to these rules, and enactments in consonance therewith wjiil soon ley low the monster of paternkllim now stalking in our midst, laying his blighting hand on industry, stifling com petition, palsying effort and enervating our youths. Nj den must be left into which this octopus can retire. No spark of life most be left in tr e creature whose tentaolea have encompassed the land and taken hold in every part O, legislators, for the sake of the upper ten, the blue blooded, the aristocratic of the state, leave no vestige regaining of those old fashioned plebeian laws whioh attempt to place all on an equal footing. Attend to cur school system. The ratk growth of socialistic paternalism therein bids fair to have absolute sway. Instead of lettirg eaoh pupil pay for his own tuition, he is taught wiih the others though he be as poor as Lszaruti. Even textbooks are famished free in some pieces, ss well as teachers, school home, desks, etc This is encoursging shift lesaness. What inducement is there for a man to work if his children art to be schooled anyhow? But cot only are common schools in fecttd with this disease of paternalism. It goes farther. It is the same in the high school, and in the Slate Agrioul cultural college and Suite Normal school. Worse than that! The highest insti tution, the State University at Lawrence, is steeped in paternalism. The poorest tatterdemalion, if he simply has brains and can gain his board somehow, may go there and be admitted. Hundreds of thousands ot dollars have bean expended to put up buildings for common use. Professors by dozsns are employed. A library cf 25,000 volumes is for general use. And when the re gents try to charts a library fcs cf t5 the students objiot Of course no o.fcsr citizen of the state need pay aiythlnj, however much he uses the books. Than a gymnasium has been provided for students, and instead of developing their own muscles, that job is In tha hands cf a paid instructor. Worse than that tha stats undertakes to keep tha students clean, and has provided baths, basins, towels, soap, etc Next thing it will hire someone to wash thsm, if this tendency is not checked. Librarians pick up and replace tha books which students have taken out of tha shelves. The rooms are heated, lighted and swept by the state. All ot this should have a speedy end. The majority of your honorable body art anti-patera allsts. Ia our school system you will find an opportunity to knock this evil between the eye. This ought to and must be done. You can't root out paternalism under a paternal school eystem. B-gin at once on the schools and let the State University be the first aful example. Lxx L Leoibus. State UiivwraUv, N v. 19 1834. Loss ot the Chicago Times. The virtual loss to the People's party -ot the Chicago Times through the sale of the controlling interest in that paper to Adolph Kraue, a rioh lawyer and vet eran demooratio politician, ia a serious blow to the oause of the people. Though the Times has cot been avowed.y a Peo ple's party paper, its course during tha last six months has been such aa to greatly advance the interests of that party. This has been due to the itflu nce and tha work ot Willis J. Abbott, the principal editor, who, though cot owner ot the paper, was able, by his earnestness and enthusiasm, to convince the then proprietors, Messrs C. H. and W. P. Harrison, that their interests no less than j astict andright were on the elds of the Paople's party. Mr. Abbott was in ole charge of the paper when the Ameri can Riilway union strike broke out, the Harrisons belrg out of town, and upon his own responsibility arrayed the paper on the side ot the men in that struggU. Tha editorials he wrote at that time, tha courage and force with whioh he corn batted the aggressions of the corpora tions and scored the servile Cleveland administration gave needed incourags ment to the worklngmen's cause. Mr. Abbott is by oonviotion and by open avowal a Populist. Though cot a publio speaker, he attends the People's party meetings and does what he can by quiet words to help along the oause. He is enlisted for good in the service ot the people, and when the time comes, as it will come, that Chicago has a great Pop ulist newspaper, he will be active in its establishment and direction. At pres ent, he remains with the Timei as edi torial writer, though in a great measure gigged. Yet there are signs that his in fluence is still great enough' to prevent that paper, while be is of its staff, from being positively antagonistic to Popu lism, and his articles in it give the Peo ple's party the best represintation it now has in the Chicago press all in sufficient as that representation is. Don't fail to look over our book list under the' head of premiums. Our books are few but they are the best going, tor educational purposes. Those who want to learn about the "Initiative and Referendum" should ssa Sullivan's "Direot Legislation." See premium list The Kansas Farmer and the Adto cats can both be had till a year from ctxt January for $1 50. Wbjn writing to our advertbira rJ rail nwntlon to Advooatz.